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CIVE 318 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II

2011

McGILL UNIVERSITY Department of Civil Engineering and Applied Mechanics CIVE 318 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II ASSIGNMENT 1 Due Tuesday January 18

References for all sources of information must be provided. See course notes for examples (Page 11). Refer to the corresponding tables and pages from the course notes. 1. Select appropriate values for the Specified Strengths, fb, fv, fc (parallel to grain), and ft (parallel to grain), as well as the Modulus of Elasticity, E and E05, for the following cases: a) b) c) d) e) Western larch, No. 1 grade, 8 x 10 Hem-Fir, SS grade, 89 x 184 mm Amabilis fir, No. 1 grade, 140 x 191 mm S-P-F, No. 2 grade, 191 x 292 mm, load on wide face S-P-F, grade 2100Fb-1.8E, 2 x 6 (see Cl. 5.5.6.2.4 pg W73 for E05 definition)

2. Consider the layout of the floor system illustrated on pg. W32 of the course notes. Verify whether a 2 x 12 D.Fir-L SS joist would be adequate to support a first floor office. The specified dead load is 0.60 kPa excluding the self-weight of the joists (490 kg/m3). Do not use live load reduction factors. The joist spacing is 600 mm o/c instead of 400 mm. The expected humidity and temperature in the building will be maintained at 60% and 20oC over a typical year. No treatment has been applied. A gypsum ceiling is to be screwed directly to the underside of the joists. Comment on what would need to be changed if the joists were not adequate. Show your calculations. 3. Design the roof beam for the loading shown in Figure 1. Hemlock sawn timber sections are to be used. The roof structure is composed of simply supported beams that span 4.8 m, and are spaced at 1.2 m on centre (o/c). Wood decking, which will be nailed to the top of the beams, is to act as the roof, above which a 150 mm thick insulation layer and rubber membrane will be placed. A preservative is to be applied and the wood will be incised. The interior of the building is to house a zoo exhibit representing an equatorial rainforest. The beams will be left exposed on their underside. The beams are supported on 60 mm long joist hangers. The specified dead load

CIVE 318 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II

2011

of the roof has been calculated as 0.6 kPa, although the self-weight of the beam has not yet been included in this value. The density of Hemlock is 460 kg/m3. Use the beam selection tables in your course notes to help with the initial choice of a beam size in No. 1 grade wood. Using this initial selection, show all of your calculations required to prove that the beam is of adequate size. Consider ULS failure modes with the 1.25D + 1.5S + 0.5 L load combination. Consider deflection limits with the 1.0D + 1.0S + 0.5 L load combination. Show all calculations.

wS = 5.2 kPa

wS = 2.0 kPa wL = 1.0 kPa wD = 0.6 kPa Roof deck (typ.)

Beam 4.8 m

Figure 1 The deflection can be estimated by superimposing the values obtained from the equations shown in Figure 1. For simplicity, assume that the maximum deflection for each load shape can be added. Note: W for the triangular load is the total load on the beam (kN).
W (kN) w (kN/m)

= 5wL 384EI

Figure 2

=0.01304 WL EI

4. What is the percentage loss in moment resistance if a beam that you have designed assuming full lateral support is instead constructed with a single lateral support at mid-span? Consider a 38 x 286 mm Cedar SS beam 6.0 m in length. It is part of a Case 1 system, has standard loading and is in a dry location. Show your calculations.