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A STUDY OF MARKETING MIX OF MARUTI SUZUKI

Submitted in Partial fulfilment for the Award of the Degree Of Bachelor in Business Administration 2009-2012

Under the Guidance of: Sanampreet Sharma Lecturer (MAIMS)

Submitted by : Manish Shandilya BBA 3rd B (2S) 13361101709

Maharaja Agrasen Institute Of Management Studies Affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University PSP Area, Plot No. 1, Sector 22, Rohini 110086
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Students Declaration

This is to certify that I have completed this Project titled

Marketing Mix of

Maruti Suzuki under the guidance of Sanampreet Sharma in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of degree of Bachelor of Business Administration at Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management Studies, Delhi. This is an original piece of work and I have not submitted it earlier elsewhere.

Date: Place: Delhi

Signature: Name: Manish Shandilya University Roll No. : 13361101709

Certificate from Institute Guide

This is to certify that summer project titled academic work done by

Marketing Mix of Maruti Suzuki is an

Manish Shandilya submitted in the partial fulfilment of the

requirement for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Business Administration at Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management Studies , Delhi, under my guidance and direction. To the best of my knowledge and belief the data and information presented by him in the Project has not been submitted earlier.

Signature :

Name of Faculty: Sanampreet Sharma

Designation: Lecturer

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I owe my sincere thanks and gratitude to Mrs.Sanampreet Sharma ( Project guide) who inspired me by her able guidance and was a constant guiding light during the course of project study.The support and knowledge provided by her has been a great value addition for me and will go a long way in building a promising career. First of all I would like to thankMr.N.K.Kakkar ( Hon.Director General , MAIMS ) who gave me this golden opportunity to learn something new about project writing. I would also like to thank Miss SmitaTejwani {course coordinator , BBA 3rd b (2s) } who cooperated with me and gave me valuable suggestions during the entire project. Last but not the least I would like to thank my friends and family members who supported me and gave me valueable suggestions in this project.

Manish Shandilya BBA 3rd B (2S) Roll no. :- 9348 Enrollment No.:- 13361101709

INDEX

Student Declaration Certificate from the Guide Acknowledgement

Table of Content Chapter 1 About the Company 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History 1.3 Company Profile 1.3.1 Stock exchange 1.3.2 Vision Mission and Core values 1.3.3 Board of Directors 1.3.4 Milestones 1.3.5 Awards 1.4 Organisation Structure 1.4.1 Organisation structure 1.4.2 Production process 1.4.3 Recruitment and Selection 1.4.4 Training and Devlopment 1.4.5 Appraisal and Reward 1.4.6 International Business 1.5 Financial Structure 1.5.1 Capital Structure 1.5.2 Balance Sheet 1.5.3 Profit and loss A/c Chapter 2 Research Methodology 2.1 2.2 Meaning of Research Objectives Research
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Page no.

8 10

11 11 13 14 17 21 22 23 25 26 27 29 30 31

33 33

2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6

Significance of Research Research Methodology Data Collection Source Limitations

33 34 34 35

Chapter 3 Marketing Mix 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Meaning Brand Products Price Place Promotion Market Segmentation Market Positioning Other Strategies 37 37 38 56 57 57 58 59 59 73 84 86 88

Chapter 4 Findings and analysis Chapter 5 Conclusion Chapter 6 Recommendations Bibliography

Chapter: - 1 ABOUT THE COMPANY

1.1 Introduction

Maruti Suzuki is Indias number one leading automobile manufacturer and the market leader in the car segment both in terms of volume of vehicle and revenue earned. Until recently 18.28% of the company was owned by the Indian government and 54.2% by the Suzuki of Japan. The Indian Govt. held an initial public offering of 25% of the company in June 2003. As of 10 May 2007 government of India sold its complete share to Indian financial Institution. With this govt. Of India has no longer stake in Maruti Udyog. Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) was established in February 1981, though the actual production was started in 1983 with the Maruti 800 based on the Suzuki Alto Kei Car which at that time was the only modern car available in India. Its only competitor was Hindustan Motors Ambassador and the Premier Padmini were both around 25 years out of date at that point.Through 2004 , Maruti Suzuki had produced over 5 Million vehicles. Maruti Suzuki are sold in India and various several other countries depending upon export orders. Models similar to Maruti Suzuki ( but not manufactured by Maruti udyog) are sold by Suzuki Motors corporation and manufactured in Pakistan and other south Asian countries. The company anually exports more than 50,000 cars and has an extremely large domestic market in India selling over 7,30,000 cars anually. Maruti 800 till 2004 was the Indias largest selling compact car ever since it was launched in 1983. More than a Million unit of this car have been sold worldwide so far. Currently Maruti Suzuki Alto tops the sales chart and Maruti Suzuki Swift is the largest selling car in A2 segment.Due to large number of Maruti 800s sold in the Indian market the term Maruti is commonly used to refer to this compact car model. Till recently the term Maruti in popular Indian culture in India, Hindus lord Hanuman is known as Maruti was associated with Maruti 800 model.

Manufacturing Facilities
Its manufacturing facilities are located at two facilities, Gurgoan and Manesar south of Delhi. Maruti Suzukis Gurgoan facility has an installed capacity of 3,50,000 units per annum. The Manesar facility launched in February 2007 comprises a vehicle assembly plant with a capacity of 1,00,000 units per year and a Diesel Engine plant with an annual capacity
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of 1,00,000 engines and transimission. Manesar and Gurgoan facility have a combined capacity to produce over 7,00,000 units annually.More than a half of the cars sold in India are Maruti Suzuki cars. The company is a subsidiary of Suzuki Motors Corporation of Japan which owns 54.2 percent of Maruti Suzuki. The rest is owned by the Public and Finance Institution.It was listed on the Bombay ( now Mumbai) stock exchange in India. During 2007-08 Maruti Suzuki sold 7,64,842 cars of which 53,024 are exported in all. Over Six Million Maruti Suzuki cars on Indian roads since the first car was rolled out on 14 December 1983.

Products Offered
Maruti Suzuki offers 15 models and they are, Maruti 800, Alto, Wagon R, Zen Estilo, A Star, Ritz, Swift, Swift Dzire, SX4, Omni, Eeco, Gypsy and Grand Vitara.Out of these models Grand Vitara is imported from Japan a completely built unit (CBU). Swift, Swift Dzire , A Star and SX4 are manufactured in Manesar and the remaining models such as Maruti 800, Alto, Wagon R, Zen Estilo, Ritz, Omni , Eecoetc are manufactured at Gurgoan Plant.

Human Resources
Nearly 75,000 people are employed directly by the Maruti Suzuki and its Partner. It has been rated first in customer satisfaction among all car makers in India from 1999 to 2009 by J.D. Power Asia Pacific.

1.2 History

Around 1970, Sanjay Gandhi, Political advisor and younger son to then Prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi , envisioned the manufacture of an indigenous , cost effective , low maintenance compact car for the Indian middle class. Indira Gandhis cabinet passed a uninamous resolution for the devlopment and production of peoples car. Sanjay Gandhis company was christened Maruti Limited. The name of the car was choosen as Maruti, after the name of a hindu deity named Marut. At that time Hindustan Motors Ambassador was the cheif car and the company had came out with a new enterant , the Premium Padmini which was slowly gaining a part of the market share dominated by the Ambassador. For the next ten years the Indian car market had stagnated at a volume of of 30,000 to 40,000 cars for the decade ending 1983. Sanjay Gandhi was awarded the exclusive contract and licence to design, devlop and

manufacture the Peoples car.This exclusive right of production generated some criticism in certain quaters, which was directly targeted at Indira Gandhi . Over the next few years the company was sidelined due to the Bangladesh Liberation war and the emergency. In the early days under the powerful patronage of Sanjay Gandhi, the company was provided with free land , tax breaks , and funds. Till the end of 1970s the company had not started the production and a prototype test model was met with criticism and skepticism.The company went into liquidation in 1977. The media perceived it to be another area of growing corruption. Unfortunately Maruti started to fly only after the death of Sanjay Gandhi, when Suzuki joined the Govt. Of India as a joint venture parteners with 50% share. After the death of Sanjay Gandhi, Indira Gandhi decided that the project should not be allowed to die. Maruti entered into collaboration with Suzuki Motors . The collaboration heralded a resolution in the Indian car industry by the production of Maruti 800. The car went into sale on December 14,1983. It created record by taking 13 months to go from design to rolling out car from a production line. By the year 1994 the company had sold upto 1,96,820 cars, mostly by selling its cheif product the Maruti 800. By March 1994, it produced one million vehicle , becoming the first Indian company to cross this milestone. It reaches the 2 million mark in October 1997, and rolled out its 4th million vehicle an ALTO (LX) on April 19, 2003. Maruti Udyog Ltd. is the premium car company in India. Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) was established in February 1981 through an act of parliament. The Company entered into
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collaboration with Suzuki Motors of Japan to manufacture cars.The main objectives behind formation of Maruti Udyog Limited was to meet the growing demand of a personal mode of transport caused by the lack of an efficient Public Transport System. Today Maruti Udyog Limited is garneshing share of automobile market in India. It has completely revolutionised the Indian car market and has brought out numerous model to cater to every section of society. These ranges from Economy cars to Luxury cars to Super SUVs.

1.3 Companys Profile

Around 1970, Sanjay Gandhi, political advisor and younger son to the then Prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi, envisioned the manufacture of an indigenous, cost effective, low maintenance compact car for the Indian middle class. Indira Gandhis cabinet passed an uninamous resolution for the development and production of Peoples car. Sanjay Gandhis company was christened Maruti Limited. The name of the car was was chosen as Maruti, after a hindu deity named Marut. Unfortunately Sanjay Gandhi died without fulfilling his dream. After this death , Indira Gandhi decided that the project should not be allowed to die. Maruti entered into collaboration with the Suzuki Motors of Japan. The collaboration heralded a resolution in the Indian car industry by producing Maruti 800. The car went into sale on 14 December 1983. And from 1980s to till day today Marutis have dominated the Indian Automobile industry as well as automobile market.

1.3.1 Stock Exchange on which company is listed


Maruti Suzuki is listed on Bombay stock exchange now Mumbai. It is also listed on NYSE ( New York Stock Exchange) as well as stock exchange of Japan.

1.3.2 Vision, Mission and Core values of Maruti Suzuki


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Vision:Vision of any company is those values on which company works. As the Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) is started by governmental initiatives it tends to be more consumer oriented and hence cost- effective, but on the other hand Suzukis participation ensures not only need of profit, but the need of maximum profit. The only way of Noras dilemma of selecting principles for the companys working vision was to maximize profit and sales and hence Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) declared its vision as:The leader in the Indian Automobile Industry, creating Customer Delight one and shareholders wealth two eventually become pride of India. Customer Delight One is making sure that Performance, after sales service and customer are best and beyond expectations, shareholders wealth two is the prime concern for running business smoothly. Maruti Udyog Limited (MUL) knows this and understands Customer Is King , he can change the future of any company hence goes companys brand line : COUNT ON US!

Mission:Mission is the statement of any organisations purpose , what is want to accomplish in the larger environment and its goal which are specific , realistic, and motivating. Missions are described over Visions and Visions demand certain objectives. The main Objectives / Mission of Maruti Udyog Limited are:1. Modernisation of Indian Automobile Industry. 2. Developing cars faster and selling for less. 3. Production of fuel- efficient vehicles to conserve scarce resources. 4. Production of large number of motor vehicles which are necessary for the Economic Growth. 5. Market penetration, Market developments, similar product development and diversification. 6. Parter relation management, value chain, value delivery networks.

Core Values :12

Customer Obsession
Fast, Flexible and First Mover Innovation and Creativity Networking and Partnership Openness and Learning

1.3.3 Company Board Of Directors

Mr.Shinzo Nakanishi

Managing Director (M.D) and Chief Executive Officer (C.E.O)

Mr. R.C. Bhargava Mr.Maninder Singh Banga Mr.AmalGanguli Mr.D.S.Brar Mr. Keiichi Asai Mr. Osamu Suzuki Mr.ShujiOishi Ms.PallaviShroff Mr. Kenichi Ayukawa Mr. Tsuneo Ohashi

Chairman Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director and Management Executive Officer

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1.3.4 MILESTONES
2005 2004 The fiftieth lakh car rolls out in April, 2005 Growth in overall sales by 15.8% New (non A/C) variant of Alto Alto becomes India's new best-selling car LPG variant of 'Omni Cargo' Versa 5-seater, a new variant Baleno LXi, a new variant Maruti closed the financial year 2003-04 with an annual sale of 472122 units, the highest ever since the company began operations 20 years ago 2003 New Suzuki Grand Vitara XL-7 Redesigned and all-new Zen New upgraded WagonR Enters into partnership with State Bank of India Production of 4 millionth vehicles. Listed on BSE and NSE after a public issue oversubscribed 10 times 2002 WagonR Pride Esteem Diesel. All other variants upgraded Maruti Insurance. Two new subsidiaries started: Maruti Insurance Distributor Services and Maruti Insurance Brokers Limited Alto Spin LXi, with electronic power steering Special edition of Maruti 800, Indias first colour-coordinated car Maruti True value in Mumbai Maruti Finance in Mumbai with 10 finance companies Suzuki Motor Corporation (SMC) increases its stake in Maruti to
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54.2 percent 2001 Zen LXi Maruti True Value launched in Bangalore and Delhi Maruti Versa, Indias first luxury MPV Alto Spin LXi, with electronic power steering Alto VXi Customer information centers launched in Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai 2000 Launch of versa First car company in India to launch a Call Center New Alto Altura, a luxury estate car IDTR (Institute of Driving Training and Research) launched jointly with the Delhi government to promote safe driving habits 1999 Maruti 800 EX ( 796cc, hatchback car) Zen LX (993cc, hatchback car) Zen VXi (993cc, hatchback car with power steering) Omni XL ( 796cc, MUV, high roof) Baleno (1600cc, 3 Box Car) Wagon R Launch of Maruti - Suzuki innovative traffic beat in Delhi and Chennai as social initiatives 1998 Maruti launches website as part of CRM initiatives Zen D (1527 cc diesel, hatchback car) Zen VX & Zen VX Automatic

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1997

New (Omni & Omni E) (796cc, MUV) Launch of website as part of CRM initiatives 1998 Esteem (1299cc, 3 box car) LX, VX and AX New Maruti 800 (796cc,hatchback Car) Standard and Deluxe Produced the 2 millionth vehicle since the commencement of production

1996

Gypsy (E) (970cc, 4WD 8 seater) Omni (E) (796cc, MUV, 8 seater) Gypsy King (1298cc, 4WD, off road vehicle) Zen Automatic (993cc, hatchback car) Esteem 1.3L (1298 cc, 3 box Car)AX Launch of 24-hour emergency on-road vehicle service Esteem 1.3L (1298 cc, 3 box car)VX With the launch of second plant, installed capacity reached 200,000 units

1995

1994

Esteem1.3L (1298cc, 3 box car)LX Produced the 1 millionth vehicle since the commencement of production

1993

Zen (993cc, hatchback Car), which was later exported in Europe and elsewhere as the Alto

1992 1991

SMC increases its stake in Maruti to 50 percent Reaches cumulative indigenisation of 65 percent for all vehicles produced

1990 1988

Maruti 1000(970cc, 3 box), Indias first contemporary sedan Installed capacity increased to 100,000 units

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1987 1986

Exported first lot of 500 cars to Hungary Maruti 800 ( New Model-796cc, hatchback Car) Produced 100,000 vehicles (cumulative production) Launch of Maruti Gypsy (970cc, 4WD off-road vehicle) Omni, a 796cc MUV Installed capacity reached 40,000 units Maruti 800, a 796 cc hatchback, Indias first affordable car. Production was started under JVA License and JV agreement signed between Maruti Udyog Ltd. and SMC of Japan

1985 1984

1983

1982

1.3.5 AWARDS 2005 Number one in JD Power SSI for the second consecutive year Number one in JD Power CSI for the sixth time in a row - the only car to win it so many times M800, WagonR and Swift topped their segments in the TNS Total Customer Satisfaction Study Leadership in the JD Power Initial Quality Study - Alto number one in its segment for the 2nd time in a row, Esteem number one in its segment for

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the 3rd year in a row, Swift number one in the premium compact segment WagonR and Esteem top their segments in the JD Power APEAL study TNS ranks Maruti 4th in the Corporate Reputation Strength (CSR) study (#1 in Auto sector)-Feb 05 Maruti bagged the "Manufacturer of the year" award from AutocarCNBC ( 2nd time in a row)-Feb 05 First Indian car manufacturer to reach 5 million vehicles sales Business World ranks Maruti among top five most respected companies in India-Oct 04 Maruti ranked among top ten (Rank7) greenest companies in India by Business Today - Sep '04

2004 Maruti Suzuki was No. 1 in Customer atisfaction, No. 1 in Sales Satisfaction No.1 in Product Quality (Esteem and Alto) and No. 1 in Product Appeal (Esteem and Wagon R) No. 1 in Total Customer Satisfaction (Maruti 800, Zen and Alto) Business World ranked us among the country's five most respected companies Business World ranked us the country's most respected automobile company Voted Manufacturer of the year by CNBC
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Voted one of India's Greenest Companies by Business Today-AC Nielson ORG-MARG

2003 Maruti 800, Maruti Zen and Maruti Esteem make it to the top 10 automotive brands in "Most Trusted Brand survey 2003" J D Power ranked 3 models of Maruti on top: Wagonr, Zen and Esteem Maruti 800 and Wagonr top in NFO Total Customer Satisfaction Study 2003. MUL tops in J D Power CSI (2001) for 4th time in a row

2001 MUL tops in J D Power CSI (2001) for 2nd time in a row: another international first

2000 Maruti bags JD Power CSI - 1st rank; unique achievement by market leader anywhere in the world

1999 MSM launched as model workshop in India; achieves highest CSI rating. Central Board of Excise & Customs awards Maruti with

"SammanPatra", for contribution to exchequer and being an ideal tax assessee

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1998 CII's Business Excellence Award

1996 Maruti wins INSSAN award for "Excellence in Suggestion Scheme" Awarded the Star Trading House status by Ministry of Commerce

1994-95 Engineering Exports Promotion Council's award for export performance

1994 Best Canteen award among Haryana Industries as part of employee welfare

1992-93 Engineering Exports Promotion Council's award for export performance.

1.4 ORGANISATION STRUCTURE

Maruti Udyog Limited has a flat organisation structure with a maximum of three levels. The Organisation Structure of Maruti Udyog Limited is follows:-

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MANAGING DIRECTOR

Manufacturing Director

Financial Controller

General Manager

DGMs/AGMs

DGMs/AGMs

DGMs /AGMs

Managers / AM

Managers /AM

Managers / AM

Engineers and Sr. Executives Sr. Executives Sr. Executives

Jr. Executives

Jr. Executives

Jr. Executives

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1.4.2 THE PRODUCTION PROCESS AT MARUTI

STEEL COILS BLANKING PRESSING WELDING PAINTING FROM VENDOR VENDORS ASSEMBLY VEHICLE INSPECTION TEST RUN SUPPLY & DISPATCH FROM VENDOR VENDORS FROM VENDOR S VENDOR S

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1.4.3 Recruitment and Selection Process Of Maruti Suzuki

Meaning of recruitment It is a process of searching the potential candidate and offers him or her the job. It is positive in nature in the Indian context. Process of identifying and hiring best qualified candidate for a job vacancy in a most timely and cost effective manner.

Meaning of Selection It is the process of searching the potential candidate. It is negative in nature in the Indian context but positive in U.S context.

Steps involved in the Selection Process Selection process consists a series of steps and at each stage facts may come into light that may lead to rejection of the application of the applicants. It is a series of successive hurdles or barriers which an applicant must have to cross.

A) Preliminary Interview (Screening Applications) :- Initial screening is done to weed out totally undesirable or unqualified candidate at the outset. It is essentially a sorting process in which prospective candidate are given necessary information about the nature of the job and the organisation at the same time, the necessary information is also elicited from the candidate about their education, skills, experience, salary expected and the like . It helps to determine whether it is worthwhile for a candidate to fill up the application form.

B) Application Form :- Application form is a traditional and widely used device for collecting information about the candidate. It should provide all the information

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relevant to selection, where refeErence for caste, religion, birth place, may be avoided as it may be regarded an evidence of description.

C) Selection Test :-

Psychological test are being increasingly used in employee

selection where a test may evolve some aspects of an individuals attitude , behaviour and performance. Tests are useful when the number of applicants is large as at the best it reveals that the candidate who scores above the predetermined cutoff points are likely to be more successful than those scoring below the cut off points.

D) Employee Interview:- Interview is an essential element of selection and no selection procedure is complete without one or more personal interview, where the information collected through application letter or application forms and test can be crossed checked in the interview.

E) Medical Examination :- Applicants who have crossed the above stage are sent for the physical medical examination either to the companys physician or to a medical officer approved for the purpose . Such examination serves the following purpose :-

1) It determines whether the candidate is physically fit to perform the job where those who are physically unfit are rejected. 2) It prevents the employement of people suffering from contagious diseases. 3) It identifies candidate who are are otherwise suitable but requires specific job due to physical handicaps and allergies.

F) Reference Checks :- The applicants are asked to mention in his application form, the names and address of two or more persons who knows him very well. These may be their previous employer , heads of educational institution or public figures. These people are requested to give their opinion about the candidate without incurring any liabilities.

G) Final Approval :-In most of the Organisations, selection process is carried out by the Human resource department, where the decision of the departments are
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recommendatory. The candidate shortlisted by the department are finally approved by the executive of the concerned department or the unit.

H) Employment :- Employment is offered in the form of an appointment letter mentioning the post, the rank, the salary, grade, the date by which the candidate should join and other terms and condition in briefs.

I) Induction :-The process of receiving employee when they begin work introducing thm to the company and to their colleagues and informing them of the activities, customes and traditions of the company is called induction.

J) Follow ups :- All selection should be validated by follow ups, it is a stage where employee is asked how he or she feels about progress to the date and the workers immediate supervisor is asked for comments which is compared with the notes taken at the time of selection.

1.4.4 Training and Devlopment Programs of Maruti Suzuki

TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT Annual Training Plan - All Levels Training customised to meet Organisational Objectives Topics selected based on Vision, Values & Departmental Managers Competency Mapping to identify Individual Training Needs Technical Training on latest Technologies abroad at SMC, Japan STRONG FOCUS ON TRAINING INITIATIVES Build a Learning Organisation Continuous Value Additions to Professional Skills Customised Training Training to the personnel of Business Partners Feedback of Company-wide

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Overseas training
Training held in co-ordination with SMC, Japan and AOTS (Assoc. for Overseas Tech. Scholarship)(covered 1600 employees under the various schemes) 6 months SMC Training for Technicians - OJT in SMC, Japan (2 batches/yr of 50 each) 9 months Javada Training for Press, Tool & Die Specialists - Design & Maintenance AOTS Managerial Training (4-10weeks) for Manager & above - Managerial Best Practices AOTS Technical Training (3.5 to 6 months) for Supervisors & above - Technological Knowhow R & D Training (2 yrs.) - Research on new Technologies

1.4.5 APPRAISAL & REWARD

Appraisal
New Appraisal System based on KRAs & Targets Review of Targets at regular Intervals People Development an important KRA

Reward
Promotions based on Performance Productivity & Profit-linked Incentive Schemes Training including Long-term SMC Japan Trg. Highest paid workforce in the Industry, if not the Country

LEADERSHIP
Vision, Value & Team Building Workshops for Top Management CFT (Cross Functional Teams) of Managers for Major Thrust Areas Managers sent to Joint Ventures to upgrade their practices to MUL standards

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1.4.6 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

In August, 2003 Maruti crossed a milestone of exporting 300,000 vehicles since its first export in 1986. Europe is the largest destination of Marutis exports and coincidentally after the first commercial shipment of 480 units to Hungary in 1987, the 300,00 mark was crossed by the shipment of 571 units to the same country. The top ten destinations of the cumulative exports have been Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Chile, U.K., Hungary, Nepal, Greece, France and Poland in that order. The Alto, which meets the Euro-3 norms, has been very popular in Europe where a landmark 200,000 vehicle were exported till March 2003. Even in the highly developed and competitive markets of Netherlands, UK, Germany, France and Italy Maruti vehicles have made a mark. Though the main market for the Maruti vehicles is Europe, where it is selling over 70% of its exported quantity, it is exporting in over 70 countries. Maruti has entered some unconventional markets like Angola, Benin, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Morocco, Uganda, Chile, Costa Rica and El Salvador. The Middle-East region has also opened up and is showing good potential for growth. Some markets in this region where Maruti is, are Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and UAE. The markets outside of Europe that have large quantities, in the current year, are Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Srilanka and Bangladesh. Maruti exported more than 51,000 vehicles in 200809 which was 59% higher than last year. In the financial year 2008-09 Maruti exports contributed to more than 10% of total Maruti sales.

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Continent wise export of Maruti Udyog Limited Since inception

Sales

Asia Africa America Europe Oceania

Graph 1.1

Graph showing the Continent wise export of Maruti Udyog Limited Since Inception. Description :Asia Africa America Europe Oceania 12% 7% 9% 70% 2%

Refrence :- Official website of Maruti Suzuki (www.marutisuzuki.com)

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1.5 Financial Structure of Maruti Suzuki

1.5.1 Capital structure


The capital structure of Maruti Udyog limited are as follows :Paid Up Face Value 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 100 100 100 100

From Year 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1993

To Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999

Class Of Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share Equity Share

Authorized Capital 372.00 372.00 372.00 372.00 155.00 155.00 155.00 155.00 135.00 135.00 135.00 135.00

Issued Capital 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 132.29 132.29 132.29 132.29

Paid Up Shares (Nos) 288910060 288910060 288910060 288910060 288910060 288910060 288910060 288910060 13229162 13229162 13229162 13229162

Paid Up Capital 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 144.46 132.29 132.29 132.29 132.29

Table 1.1 Showing the capital Structure of Maruti Suzuki From 2006 to 2010 Refrence :- Official website of Maruti Suzuki ( www.marutisuzuki.com)
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1.5.2 BALANCE SHEET OF MARUTI UDYOG LIMITED For the financial year 2006-10

Balance sheet Mar ' 10 Sources of funds (in lakhs) Owner's fund Equity share capital Share application money Preference share capital Reserves & surplus Loan funds ( in lakhs) Secured loans Unsecured loans Total Uses of funds (in lakhs) Fixed assets Gross block Less : revaluation reserve Less : accumulated depreciation Net block Capital work-in-progress Investments Net current assets (in lakhs) Current assets, loans & advances Less : current liabilities & provisions 3,856.00 3,788.40 5,570.00 3,631.60 3,190.50 3,088.40 3,956.00 2,779.10 3,870.70 2,184.80 10,406.70 5,382.00 5,024.70 387.60 7,176.60 8,720.60 4,649.80 4,070.80 861.30 3,173.30 7,285.30 3,988.80 3,296.50 736.30 5,180.70 6,146.80 3,487.10 2,659.70 238.90 3,409.20 4,954.60 3,259.40 1,695.20 92.00 2,051.20 26.50 794.90 0.10 698.80 0.10 900.10 9,315.60 63.50 567.30 7,484.70 71.70 5,524.30 144.50 11,690.60 144.50 9,200.40 144.50 8,270.90 144.50 6,709.40 144.50 5,308.10 Mar ' 09 Mar ' 08 Mar ' 07 Mar ' 06

12,656.50 10,043.80

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Mar ' 10 Total net current assets Miscellaneous expenses not written Total Notes: Book value of unquoted investments Market value of quoted investments Contingent liabilities Number of equity sharesoutstanding (Lacs) 11.10 215.10 3,657.20 2889.10 67.60 -

Mar ' 09 Mar ' 08 Mar ' 07 Mar ' 06 1,938.40 102.10 9,315.60 1,176.90 7,484.70 1,685.90 5,524.30

12,656.50 10,043.80

3,162.20 108.70 1,901.70 2889.10

5,169.60 219.50 2,734.20 2889.10

3,398.10 270.40 2,094.60 2889.10

2,040.10 289.80 1,289.70 2889.10

Table :- 1.2 showing Balance Sheet of Maruti Suzuki for the year 2006 to 2010 Refrence :- Official wesite of Maruti Suzuki (www.marutisuzuki.com)

1.5.3 PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT


The Profit and Loss account of Maruti Suzuki for the year 2006 to 2010 is as follows :Profit loss account Mar 10 Income Operating income 29,317.70 20,729.40 18,066.80 14,806.40 12,197.90 Mar 09 Mar 08 Mar 07 Mar 06

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Mar 10 Expenses Material consumed Manufacturing expenses Personnel expenses Selling expenses Adminstrative expenses Expenses capitalised Cost of sales Operating profit Other recurring income Adjusted PBDIT Financial expenses Depreciation Other write offs Adjusted PBT Tax charges Adjusted PAT Non recurring items Reported net profit Equity dividend Preference dividend Dividend tax Retained earnings

Mar 09

Mar 08

Mar 07

Mar 06

22,435.40 16,339.80 13,622.00 11,063.70 9,223.70 1,278.20 909.70 545.60 916.00 404.60 471.10 738.20 389.20 -22.30 670.60 356.20 560.20 326.30 -19.80 489.80 288.40 499.90 274.50 -14.30 359.60 228.70 356.00 170.60 -6.70

25,579.80 18,825.70 15,515.50 12,602.00 10,331.90 3,737.90 1,903.70 2,551.30 2,204.40 1,866.00 617.70 33.50 825.00 547.60 51.00 706.50 456.10 59.60 568.20 763.30 37.90 76.60 361.10 37.60 271.40 705.30 -23.00 33.40 268.10 20.40 285.40 560.90 -83.70 5.40 4,355.60 2,451.30 3,007.40 2,565.50 2,134.10

3,497.10 1,693.80 2,379.60 2,256.50 1,828.30 1,094.90 457.10 44.30 -55.90 37.90 2,402.20 1,236.70 1,616.30 1,551.20 1,267.40

Other non cash adjustments 51.10

2,497.60 1,218.70 1,730.80 1,561.60 1,189.10 173.30 28.80 101.10 17.20 144.50 24.80 130.00 21.90 101.10 14.20

Earnigs before appropriation 10,501.80 8,244.40 7,368.10 5,947.10 4,631.20

10,299.70 8,126.10 7,198.80 5,795.20 4,515.90

Table :- 1.3 Showing Profit and loss account of Maruti Suzuki Refrence :- Official website of Maruti Suzuki (www.marutisuzuki.com)

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Chapter :- 2 Research Methodology

33

2 .1 Me a n i n g o f Re s e a r c h

Redman and Mory define research as a systemized effort to gain new knowledge. Some people consider research as a movement, a movement from the known to the unknown. Research is an academic activity and as such the term should be used in a technical sense. According to Clifford Woody, research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions; collecting, organizing and evaluating data; making deductions and reaching conclusions; and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.

2 .2 O b j e c t i v e s o f Re s e a r c h
The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered as yet. Though each research study has its own specific purpose. The main objectives of this research was to :1. To study about Maruti Suzuki i.e. when it was established , why it was established and by whom it was established, financial structure, Organisational structure etc. 2. To study about the marketing mix and the strategies adopted by Maruti Suzuki in order to cater the needs of the people and also to face tough competition in the market since after the Globalisation of the Indian economy many competitors have grown and tries to undermine the monopoly created by Maruti Suzuki. 3. To study the strategies adopted by Maruti Suzuki due to which they are able to dominate the Indian Automobile Sector since last three decades.

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2 .3 S i g n i f i c a n c e o f R e s e a r c h

All process is born of inquiry. Doubt is often better than overconfidence, for it leads to inquiry and inquiry leads to invention. Is a famous Hudson Maxim in context of which the significance of research can well be understood. Increased amounts of research make progress possible. Research inculcates scientific and inductive thinking and it promotes the development of logical habits of thinking and organization. The role of research in several fields of applied economics, whether related to business or to the economy as a whole, has greatly increased in modern times. The increasing complex nature of business and government has focused attention on the use of research in solving operational problems. Research, as an aid to economic policy, has gained added importance, both for government and business

2 .4 R e s e a r c h Me t h o d o l o g y
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In it we study the various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods or techniques but also the methodology.

2 .5 Da t a Co l l e c t i o n S o u r c e
Information for this project was collected primarly through secondary sources.The data collected from the secondary sources are called as Secondary data. Secondary Data:Any data, which have been gathered earlier for some other purpose, are secondary data in the hands of researcher. Those data collected first hand, either by the

35

researcher or by someone else, especially for the purpose of the study is known as primary data. The data collected for this project has been taken from the secondary source.

Sources of secondary data are : Internet Magazines Publications Newspapers Brouchers

2 .6 L I MI T AT I O NS
The biggest limitation of this project was time , due to lack of time the necessary data were collected from the secondary sources..

Due to tough competition in the market the companies are not willing to disclose their strategies adopted to face the competition so sufficient information were not collected and the information collected are not 100% accurate.

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Chapter: - 3 Marketing Strategies


3.1 Meaning of Marketing 3.2 Brand 3.3 Products 3.4 Price 3.5 Place 3.6 Promotion 3.7 Market Segmentation , Targeting and Positioning 3.8Market Share 3.9Other strategies adopted by Maruti 3.10Customer satisfaction
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3.1 Marketing
It is the process of directing of directing the flow of goods and services from the producers or the manufacturers to the customers or consumers. It is accountable for planning, organising, directing, coordinating, motivating, and controlling the market activities. According to American Marketing Association, Marketing is the performance of the business activity that directs the flow of goods and services through producers to consumers to users. According to Cundiff and Still, Marketing is the business process by which the products are matched with the market and through transfer of ownership are affected. Matching the products with the market means determining the needs and requirements of potential customer and supplying them the product which meets their requirements. According to Philip Kotler, Marketing is the social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need and want through creating, offering, and exchanging product of value with others. According to William J. Stanton, Marketing is a total system of interacting business

activities designed to plan, price, promote, and distribute, wants satisfying products to target markets to achieve Organisational objectives. In general we can say that Marketing includes all those activities carried on to transfer those goods from the manufactures or the producers to the consumers that can satisfy the needs and the requirements of the consumers.

3.2 BRAND
Around 1970, Sanjay Gandhi the political advisor and younger son to then Prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi, envisioned the manufacture of an Indigenous, cost effective, low

38

maintenance and compact car for the Indian middle class. Indira Gandhis cabinet unanimously passed a resolution for the development and production of peoples car. Sanjay Gandhis company was christened Maruti Limited. The name was chosen as Maruti after a Hindu deity named Maruti. Unfortunately Sanjay Gandhi died without completing his project. After the death of Sanjay Gandhi, Indira Gandhi decided that the project should not be allowed to die. Maruti entered into collaboration with the Suzuki motors of Japan. The collaboration heralded a resolution in the Indian car industry by producing Maruti 800. The car went on sale on December 14, 1983.

3.3 PRODUCT
Product mix involves planning, developing, and producing the right types of products and services to be marketed by the firm. It deals with the product range, durability and other qualities. Apart from producing right products, emphasis should also be laid on their branding, packaging, colour and other features. In short product planning and development involves decision about : i) quality of the product, ii) size of the product, iii) design of the product, iv) volume of the production, v) packaging, vi) warranties and after sale service, vii) product testing, viii) product range, etc.

Products Offered by Maruti Suzuki

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Maruti Suzuki comes with a large number of products i.e cars ranging from economy cars to luxury cars to super SUVs. The economy cars includes :A) Maruti 800 B) Alto C) Zen Estilo D) Wagon R E) A - Star F) Ritz G) Swift H) Swift Dzire

The Utility Cars of Maruti Suzuki includes :A) Maruti Omni (Van) B) Maruti Eeco C) Maruti Gypsy D) Grand Vitara

The Luxury Cars of Maruti Suzuki includes :A) Maruti Esteem B) Maruti SX4

PRODUCTYEAR IN WHICH LAUNCHED


Maruti Suzuki 800 Maruti Suzuki Omni Maruti Suzuki Gypsy Maruti Suzuki Alto 1983 1984 1985 2000

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Maruti Suzuki Wagon R Maruti Suzuki Swift Maruti Suzuki SX4 Maruti Suzuki A Star Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire Maruti Suzuki Zen Estilo Maruti Suzuki Eeco

2002 2005 2007 2008 2008 2009 2010

Maruti 800
Maruti 800 is the most popular entry segment car in India. With the introduction of Maruti 800 in 1980s Maruti Udyog Limited broke the hegemony of Ambassador and Fiat in the Indian Car market.

Technical Specifications:Dimensions Length Width Height Unladen Weight 3335 mm 1440 mm 1405 mm 655 Kgs (AC Euro I) , 640 Kgs (AC Euro I) , 665 Kgs ( AC Euro II), 650 Kgs (AC Euro II) Ground Clearance Wheel Base Power
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170 m 2175 mm

Engine Type Piston Displacement Max. Power Max. Torque Fuel System Transmission and gear box Suspension Front Rear Steering Type Turning radius Brakes Type Front Rear Tyres Capacities Seating Fuel Tank

4 Stroke, Water cooled SOHC 796 cc 39.5 bhp @ 5500 rpm 5.7 N m @ 2500 rpm Carburettor Manual, 4 Forward (Synchromesh), 1 reverse

McPherson strut and coil spring Leaf Spring

Manual Rack and Pinion 4.4 mts

Dual Circuit Disc Drum 5.65 12 4 PR

4 Persons 30 Litres

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Maruti Alto

Maruti Alto is one of the hottest selling compact cars in Indian market. Alto uses Maruti 800s proven and highly fuel efficient , 3 pot motor with a four valve head and its electronic tachometer results in unmatched fuel efficiency . It is the most fuel efficient car in A2 Segment.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Dimensions Length Width Height Wheel base Tread Min. turning radius Ground clearance Weight Alto Alto LX, LXi Gross vehicle weight Engine 725 kgs 740 Kgs 1165 Kgs 3495 mm 1495 mm 1460 mm 2360 mm 1290 mm 4.6 m 160 mm

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Swept volume Engine type No. of cylinder Engine control Max. Power Max. Torque Transmisson Suspension System Front Rear Seating Capacity Tyres

796 cc FC Engine, 4 valve per cylinder MPFI 3 32 bit computer 47 bhp @ 6200 rpm 62 Nm @ 3000 rpm 5 Speed all synchromesh, Manual

McPherson strut with Torsion type coil anti roll bar Coil sprint with double action telescopic shock absorbers 4 persons 145/80 R12

Maruti Omni ( Van)

Maruti Omni is popularly known as Maruti Van. Maruti Omni comes in three variants and they are :- Omni 5- Seater , Omni 8- seater and Omni LPG. Maruti Omni is a perfect family car. It has enough space for our life style needs whether we are going on a picnic, weekend outing or for a game of golf. We can pick our entire luggage without thinking twice. Omni provides ample headroom and legroom to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable journey.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Dimensions


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Length Width Height Wheelbase Ground clearance Min turning radius Weight Omni Omni E Engine Type No. of cylinders No. of cylinder valves Piston displacement Max. Power Max. Torque Power Transmisson Type Brakes Front Rear Fuel tank capacity

3370 mm 1410 mm 1640 mm 1840 mm 165 mm 4.1 m

785 Kgs 800 Kgs

4 Stroke cycle, water cooled 3 6 796 cc 35.0 bhp @ 5000 rpm 601 NM @ 3000 rpm

Manual, 4 forward all synchromesh

Booster assisted disc Drum 36 Litres

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Maruti Eeco
EECO was introduced in India by Maruti Suzuki during 2010. This car is essentially an updated Versa, this is an urgent refresh in lines with Maruti Suzuki not being able to come up with a new minivan. EECO comes with 5 seater and 7 seater options. EECO is equipped with advanced Engine Management System for optimizing fuel efficiency and performance. It is branded by the manufacturer as a perfect car for every occasion-a business trip or a picnic with the loved ones[1]. A new minivan from Maruti Suzuki is expected in 2011 to replace the Eeco/Versa and (possibly) the ageing Omni.

Maruti EECO is available in following variants :5 seater, standard 5 seater, AC 7 seater, Standard EECO is powered by Bharath Stage IV compliant engine.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Fuel: Engine type: Fuel distribution: Power: Displacement: Layout: Max. Torque: Petrol Aluminium Multipoint Injection 73 bhp (54 kW; 74 PS) @ 6000 rpm 1196 cc 4 cylinder in-line 101 Nm (74 ftlbf) @ 3000 rpm
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Valve train: Transmission: Suspension Front Suspension: Rear Suspension: Brakes Front Brakes : Rear Breakes : Tyres: Tyre type:

16 valves / 4 per cylinder Manual-5 speed

McPherson strut 3 Link Rigid

Ventilated disc Drum 155 R-13 LT Tubeless

ZEN ESTILO

Maruti Zen is a clear leader in the premium compact car segment in India. It has several technology that makes it stand out from other cars in its segment. Maruti Zen comes equipped with 16 x 4 all aluminium hyper tech engines, with its power to weight ratio of 78.4 bhp per tonnes , the highest in its class, the engine also offers optimum fuel economy , excellent pick up and acceleration. The 16- bit Micro processor in Zen delivers ideal combo of speed, power and fuel efficiency. Its electronic power steering ensures effortless maneuverability, more control and a better grip.
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Capacities Seating Persons Fuel in litres Engine in CC Unladen weight in kgs Laden weight in kgs Tyres 5 35 993 765 1190 145 / 80 R 12 (Front rear) PETROL Bharat Stage II LX All aluminium engine 16 valve, 4 cylinder inline engine 16 bit ECM Multipoint fuel injection Maximum bhp/rpm Maximum kgm/rpm Compression ratio 9.4:1 engine torque in 8@4500 engine output in LXi 60@ 6000 VXi &

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PETROL Bharat Stage III LX All aluminum engine 16 valve, 4 cylinder inline engine 32 bit ECM Multipoint fuel injection Maximum bhp/rpm Maximum kgm/rpm Compression ratio DIMENSIONS Overall length Overall width Overall height Wheelbase Ground clearance 3535mm 1495mm 1405mm 2335mm 165m 9.4:1 engine torque in 8 @ 4500 engine output in LXi 60 @ 6200 VXi

WAGON R
Wagon R is a hugely successful car which comes in four variantsMaruti Wagon R LX,

Maruti Wagon R LXi, Maruti Wagon R VXi and Maruti Wagon R AX.Wagon R comes with 1064 cc MPFI low friction engine that delivers an awesome 64 bhp @6200 rpm for smoother pick up and faster acceleration. Dual Distributor less Digital Ignition (DDLI) ensures an
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instant hassle free start every time and a more efficient power distribution. Wagon Rs tall body , high seats and wide opening doors make it easier to get in and out.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Dimension in MM Length Width Height Wheelbase Front track Rear track Min. ground clearance Weight in Kg Kerb weight 825(LX,LXi,VXi) 840 (AX) Gross Weight 1225 (LX,LXi, VXi) 1240(AX) Engine Swept volume Type Fuel distribution Engine control No. of cylinders 1061 cc FC Engine , 4 Valve per cylinder , MPFI Multipoint injection 16 Bit Electronic Control Module (ECM) 04 3495 1495 1660 2360 1295 1290 165 m

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Max. Power Max. Torque Power Steering Type Transmission Suspension Front Rear

64 bhp @6200 rpm 84 NM @ 3500 rpm

Electronic Power Steering (EPS) Manual ()- 5 speed , All synchromesh

McPherson strut with torsion type roll control device Coil spring, gas filled shock absorber with 3 link rigid axle isolated trialing arms.

A-STAR
Indian car market leader Maruti Suzuki has launched A-Star in the hatchback car segment in which the company holds ruling position with 55% market share. Maruti has unveiled A Star as a next generation model of its model Alto which is already selling greatly in the segment. Scroll down to know more about the sporty and striking features of all new A Star Car.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Dimension in mm Length Width Height Wheelbase Front track 3500 1600 1490 2360 1295
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Rear track Min. Ground clearance Min. Turning radius Weight In Kgs Kerb weight Gross Vehicle weight Capacity Seating capacity Fuel tank capacity Engine Swept volume Type Fuel distribution Displacement No. of cylinders Max. power Max. Torque Steering Transmission Suspension system Front Rear

1290 170 4.5

870

5 persons 35 litres

1061 cc KB series Multipoint injection 998 cc 03 67 bhp @6200 rpm 90 NM @ 3500 rpm Rack and pinion , Power assisted Manual () 5 Speed , All synchromesh

McPherson strut and coil spring Isolated trailing link and coil spring

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SWIFT
Maruti Swift brings a feeling of freshness to the compact car segment . Its appealing looks , spacious interiors, and a whole a lot of user friendly features at once catch our attention. It comes in three variants :-Maruti Suzuki Swift LXi, Swift VXi, Swift ZXi.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Body Type Body Type :No. of doors :Seating Capacity :Engine Capacity :No. of cylinders :Bore X stroke :Compression Ratio :Max. Power :Max. Torque:Fuel distribution :Transmission 1298 cc 4 74.0 X 75.5 9.0 :1 87 bhp @ 6000 rpm 113 Nm @ 4500 rpm Multipoint injection Hatch back 5 5

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Type :Gear ratios :-

5 Speed Manualwith synchromeshin all and 1 reverse 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Reverse 3.545 1.904 1.208 0.966 0.757 3.0272

Power Steering Type :Electronic power steering (EPS)

Suspension System Front: Rear :McPherson Strut with torsion type roll control device coil spring, gas filled shock absorber with 3 link rigid axle isolated trailing arms

MARUTI GYPSY It is manufactured in India by Maruti Suzuki. It was introduced in the Indian market in 1985 with the 970 cc F10A Suzuki engine and was an instant hit in the civilian market as well as with law enforcement. It was codenamed MG410 that stood for Maruti Gypsy 4 cylinder 1.0

54

litre engine. Initially, it was only available as a soft-top; but a bolt on hardtop was later introduced to the public after the aftermarket hardtops became extremely popular. In July 1993, Maruti introduced the "widetrack Gypsy" codenamed MG410W replacing the MG410. Both front and rear track of the wheels are increased by 90mm (from 1,210 mm (47.6 in) to 1,300 mm (51.2 in) for front wheels and from 1,220 mm (48.0 in) to 1,310 mm (51.6 in) for rear wheels) and these Gypsys are instantly recognizable by the pronounced painted fender flares.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS :Dimensions


Length 4,010 mm (157.9 in) Width 1,540 mm (60.6 in) Height 1875/1845 mm* Wheelbase 2,375 mm (93.5 in) Front Track 1,300 mm (51.2 in) Rear Track 1,310 mm (51.6 in) Kerb Weight 985 kg/1, 040 kg* Gross Vehicle Weight 1585 kg/1,620 kg*

Engine

Type G13BB MPFI 16 Valve Gasoline Cylinders 4 Displacement 1298 cc Maximum Power 80 bhp (60 kW; 81 PS) @6000 rpm Maximum Torque 103 Nm (76 lbft) @ 4500 rpm Transmission Type Five forward (all Synchromesh), One reverse Transfer gearbox Two-speed Type constant mesh Transfer gear ratio High : 1.409; Low : 2.268 Suspension Front and Rear Rear Leaf spring with Double action damper

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Brakes With Booster


Front Disc Rear Drum Tyres F78-15-4 PR 205/70R15

Capacities

Fuel tank 40 L (11 US gal; 9 imp gal) Engine oil 4 L (1.1 US gal; 0.9 imp gal)

MARUTI SUZUKI SX4

Designed by GiorgettoGiugiaro'sItaldesign studio, the SX4 (an abbreviation of "Sports Xover 4 all seasons ") replaces the Aerio (some markets called Liana). The "SX 4" designation was used by American Motors (AMC) for a sporty liftback model in its all-wheel drive AMC Eagle passenger cars.

Technical Specifications :Dimensions & Weight Length (mm) Width (mm) Height (mm) Wheelbase (mm) Kerb Weight (kgs) 4490 1735 1560 2500 1170

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Seating Capacity Engine Model Designation No. Of Cylinders Configuration Displacement (cc) Transmission Top Speed (kmph) Suspension Front

05

1.6 L 16 V 04 Inline DOHC 1586 5 Manual 175

Independent strut

suspension

with

gas-filled

McPherson

& anti-roll bar

Rear Brakes Type Disc Front / Rear Brakes Tyres Type Wheels Fuel Tank Performance

Semi-independent torsion beam with gas filled shock absorbers

Ventilated Discs/ Drums

195/65 R15 15" Steel 50 Litres

Max. Horsepower (ps/rpm) Max. Torque (kg m/rpm)

103 PS @ 5500 rpm 145 Nm @ 4200 rpm

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GRAND VITARA

Grand Vitara is meant for the people who want to live life grand size. With 127 KW @ 6000 rpm on call, the 2.7 litres DOHC V6 engine can empower the Grand Vitara to climb up steep terrains; Zip effortlessly down the highway and with plenty of low end torque, the high performance vehicle can take on snowy ramps and muddy tracks with equal ease. Its four wheel drive gives Vitara the power to go places.

Technical Specifications :Dimension in MM Length Width Height Wheelbase Front track Rear track Min. Ground clearance Weight in Kgs Kerb Weight Gross Weight 1700 2300 4760 1780 1740 2800 1500 1500 183 m

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Capacity Seating Fuel tank Engine Type No. Of cylinders No. of valves Piston displacement Bore X Stroke Compression ratio Max. Output Max. Torque Fuel distribution Max. Speed Steering Brakes Front Rear Suspension Front Rear Tyres McPherson strut 5 Link rigid with coil spring 235 / 60 R 16 Tubeless tyres Disc Drum H27A V6 type 06 24 2736 cc 88 X 75 9.5 : 1 166 bhp @ 6000 rpm 236 NM @ 4500 rpm Multipoint injection 183 Km / Hr Rack and Pinion 7 persons 66 litres

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3.4 PRICES OF MARUTI PRODUCTS


Car market leader Maruti Udyog Limited has announced a marginal increase in price of certain models. .The price increase is due to rise in input costs and freight costs, which increased following the rise in oil prices. In this phase, the company has decided to pass on only a part of the increase in costs to the customers. There is no change in the prices of Swift, Zen, and WagonR (Petrol). Ex-Showroom Prices in Delhi (in Rs) :Models Maruti Suzuki 800 Maruti Suzuki Omni Maruti Suzuki Alto Maruti Suzuki Eeco Maruti Suzuki Zen Estilo Maruti Suzuki Wagon R Maruti Suzuki A Star Maruti Suzuki Ritz Maruti Suzuki Swift Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire Maruti Suzuki Gypsy Maruti Suzuki SX4
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Prices (Rs.) 1,94,620 2,09,757 2,28,982 2,84,488 3,31,412 3,39,058 3,63,220 4,09,822 4,27,635 4,96,671 5,28,818 7,08,062

Maruti Suzuki Grand Vitara

17,19,226

In Price case

They provide a list of different types of models of cars They also gives a discount in the range of 20 % to 25 %.

3.5 PLACE
The Place of Maruti cars is in the whole world. Maruti Udyog Limited decides its distribution channel for selling cars like some time or level or sometimes two levels marketing channels. They decide area in which they deal customers. They show the permanent location for selling the cars. They provides many useful inventory they define the transport facility of the company to the market and market to the customers. Many showrooms of MUL are there in our India.

3.6 PROMOTION
Main Promotion of Maruti Suzuki cars is done by the advertising. The advertising is mainly done in the form of different Television channels , different newspapers, holdings etc. Now a days the main promotion is done by the brand Ambassador such as film stars, celebrities, sportsmen etc. and in this case they decide their actual and equired sales force for selling their cars. They also maintain customer relation and they do direct marketing.

3.7 SEGMENTATION

3.7.1 Meaning of segmentation :Market segmentation is the process of dividing a potential market into distinct sub- markets of consumers with common needs and characterstics. Market segmentation is the starting
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steps in applying the marketing strategies. Once the segmentation takes place , the marketers targets the identified customer groups with proper marketing- mix so as to position the products/ brands/ company as perceived by the target customer.

3.7.2 Objectives of Segmentation :The main objective of segmentation is to provide those products to the customer they can :1. Satisfy their basic needs 2. Solve their problem 3. Make themselves feel good

3.7.3 Segmentation of Market by Maruti Suzuki:Maruti Udyog Limited was set up to manufacture low price cars that can be afforded by the Indians but after 1990 that means after the globalisation ( i.e opening of Indian economy for rest of the world) many competitors started in enter the Indian market . Further with the develoment of the Indian economy the income of the peoples of India also increased and people started to afford luxury cars also. They have also catogorised their cars into different segments depending upon the choices of different peoples depending upon their income and other behaviours and these segments are : Mini hatch back segment or A1 segment :Maruti 800

Compact hatchback segment or A2 segment :Maruti Alto Zen Estilo Wagon R A Star Swift

Mid size segment or A3 segment :62

Maruti Esteem SX4

Utility Vehicle or MUV :Maruti Eeco Maruti Gypsy Grand Vitara

3.8 Market Positioning

3.8.1 Meaning :Market positioning means placing the potential product in the market that can satisfy the needs and requirements of the target customers.

3.8.2 Positioning of products by Maruti :Management of Marutis always tries that their products should be available at the authorised outlets in every city of India. In case of any new product they tries to make it available at every outlets in metropolitian cities and by getting the response of customers they increases the production and extends the availability in urban , semi urban and to the rular areas also.

3.9 Other Strategies adopted by Maruti Suzuki

3.9.1 After Sale service :As on date there are 342 Maruti dealer workshops and 1,545 Maruti Authorised Service Stations, or MASSs, covering 898 cities in India. In addition, 24-hour mobile service is offered in 38 cities under the brand Maruti On-road Service. They intend to extend this service to an additional 25 cities over the next three years. As a benchmark for dealers with
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respect to service quality and infrastructure facilities, they have launched service stations under the brand Maruti Service Masters, or MSMs, in three locations in India. They have service stations on 30 highways in India under the brand Express Service Stations. To promote sales of their spare parts and the availability of high quality, reliable spare parts for their products, they sell spares under the brand name Maruti Genuine Parts, or MGP. These are distributed through their dealer network and through authorised sellers of their spare parts, to whom they refer as stockists. Many of their MASSs are at remote locations where they do not have dealers. In order to increase the penetration, in terms of sales volumes, of their products in these remote areas, they are exploring opportunities to integrate some of the MASSs into the sales process in order to increase sales of their cars and related products and services such as spares and accessories, insurance and financing.

3.9.2 Genuine Accessories


They have also entered the business of marketing car accessories under the brand name Maruti Genuine Accessories, or MGA, through their dealership network. They seek to provide customers with the opportunity to customize their vehicles with accessories such as music systems, security systems, car-care products and utility products.

3.9.3 Warranty and Extended Warranty Program


They offer a two-year warranty on all their vehicles at the time of sale. Their dealers are required to address any claim made by a customer, in accordance with practices and procedures prescribed by them, under the provisions of the warranty in force at that time. The dealers subsequently claim the warranty cost from them. They analyse warranty claims from dealers and either claim the cost from vendors, in the case of defective components, or bear the cost ourselves, in the case of manufacturing defects. They offer an extended paid-warranty program marketed under the brand, Forever Yours for the third and fourth year after purchase. They have entered into arrangements with insurance companies to cover the costs of warranties offered under this program. The extended warranty program is intended to maintain the dealers contact with the customer and increase the revenue generated from sale of spares, accessories and automobile-related services. An effort is made during the period of the extended warranty to encourage the

64

customer to exchange his existing Maruti car for a new Maruti car, or upgrade to a new Maruti car.

3.9.4 New business Initiatives


As the largest manufacturer and leader in the small car segment, they continually seek new ways to utilize their vast car parc, range of products and extensive sales and service network to expand the size of the passenger car market in India. They have recently launched new initiatives to develop the market for automobile insurance, automobile finance, leasing and fleet management, and pre-owned cars. They aim to provide customers with a one-stop shop for automobiles and automobile-related products and services, and build on their wide customer base and extensive sales and service network to make available to their customers a wide range of Maruti-branded services at different stages of ownership, which they refer to as the 360 degree customer experience. AtithiDevoBhava: One-stop shop Inspired by the spirit of India. AtithiDevoBhava, in Sanskirit, means a guest is like God. It captures the Indian tradition of honouring guests. It's also the inspiration for the welcome youll receive at a Maruti Suzuki dealership, and the caring relationship they share with those who drive their cars. At Maruti Suzuki, you will find all your car related needs met under one roof. Whether it is easy finance, insurance, fleet management. services, exchange Maruti Suzuki is set to provide a single window solution for all your car related needs. Thats why they have Maruti True Value, the best place to buy and sell reliable used cars . Maruti finance an agglomeration of the biggest finance companies in India brought together by Maruti Suzukitoensurethat the dream car is within everyones reach. Similarly Maruti Finance brings together some of the biggest names in the car insurance industryto provide insurance solution to every type of the car consumer.

3.9.5 Maruti Insurance :It was launched in 2002. Maruti Suzuki provides vehicles insurance to its customers with the help of National Insurance Company , Bajaj Allianz , New India Assurance and Royal Sundaram. The service was set up by the company with the inception of two subsidiaries Maruti Insurance Distributors Pvt. Ltd. and Maruti Insurance Brokers Pvt. Ltd. The services started as a benefit or value addition to the customers and was able to ramp up easily. By

65

December 2005 inception.

they were to sell more than two Million Insurance policies since its

3.9.6 Maruti Finance :To promote the bottom line growth Maruti Suzuki launched Maruti Finance in January 2002. Prior to the start of this service Maruti Suzuki had started two joint ventures Citicorp Maruti and Maruti Country wide with City Group and GE countrywide respectively to assist its clients in securing loans. Maruti Suzuki tied up with ABN Amro Bank , HDFC Bank , ICICI Limited , Kotak Mahindra , Standard Chartered and Sundaram to start this venture including its strategic partnership with SBI in March 2003. Since March 2003, Maruti had sold over 12,000 vehicles through SBI Maruti Finance. SBI Maruti Finance is currently available in 166 cities across India.

Maruti Finance marks with coming together of the biggest players in the car finance business. They are the benchmark in quality and efficiency. Combined with Maruti volumes and networked dealership , this will enable Maruti Finance to offer superior services and competitive rates in the Market place. JagdishKhatter, Managing Director of Maruti Udyog Limited

Citycorp Maruti Finance Limited is a joint venture between Citicorp

Finance India

and Maruti Udyog Limited. Its primary business started by the company is hire purchase financing of Maruti Suzuki Vehicles . Citi Finance India limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of City Bank Overseas Investment Corporation Delaware which inturn is a 100% wholly owned subsidiary of City Bank N.A. City Finance India Limited holds 74% of the stake and Maruti Suzuki holds the remaining 26%. GE Capital , HDFC and Maruti Suzuki together came in 1995 to form Maruti Countrywide. Maruti Claims that its finance program

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offers most competitive interest rates to its customers which are lower by 0.25% to 0.5% from the market rates.

3.9.7 Maruti True Value :Maruti True service offered by Maruti Suzuki to its customers. It is a market place for the used Maruti Suzuki Vehicles. One can buy ,sell or exchange used Maruti Suzuki Vehicles with the help of this service in India. As of 2009 there are 315 Maruti True Value Outlets.

3.9.8 Maruti Driving school :As a part of its corporate social responsibility Maruti Suzuki launched the Maruti Driving school in Delhi. Later the service extended to other cities of India as well. These schools are modelled on international standards, where the learners go through the classroom session and practical sessions. Many standards facilities like road behaviour and attitude are taught in these schools. Before driving actual vehicles participants are trained on stimulators.

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3.10 MARKET SHARE

Graph 3.1 Showing Market Share of Maruti Suzuki Refrence :- Official website of Maruti Suzuki (www.marutisuzuki.com)

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2008- 2009 Market Share Segment A2

Sales

Maruti Tata Hyundai

Chart 3.1 Showing Market Share in A2 Segment Description Maruti Tata Hyundai 59% 20% 21%

Refrence :- Auto India (Automobile Magzine), March 2010

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2008 2009 Market share Segment A3

Sales

Tata Ford GM Honda Maruti Hyundai Others

Chart 3.2 Showing Market Share in A3 Segment Description Tata Ford GM Honda Maruti Hyundai Others 20% 14% 6% 20% 17% 16% 7%

Refrence :- Auto India (Automobile Magzine), March2010

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2008 -2009 Market Share Passenger Car

Sales

Hyundai Maruti Tata Honda Ford GM Toyota Others

Chart 3.3 Showing Market Share of passenger cars Description Hyundai Maruti Tata Honda GM Toyota Others 17% 55% 16% 4% 3% 10% 3%

Refrence :- Auto India ( Automobile Magzine), March 2010

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MARUTI ALL INDIA SALES 3 YEARS TREND

Segment A1 (Mini - Hatchback) A2 (Compact - Hatchback) A3 (Mid Size) A4/A5/A6 (Exec./Prem./Luxury) C (Van Type) Passenger Cars - MUL Passenger Cars - Total Industry MUV (Utility Vehicles) Passenger Vehicles - MUL Passenger Vehicles - Total Industry

2006-07 167,561 176,132 14,173 NA

Growth 2007-08 Growth 2008-09 Growth 17% 116,262 47% 271,280 28% NA 29,637 NA -31% 89,223 -23% 24% 8% NA

54% 335,136 109% NA 31,939 NA

59,526 417,392 758,123

15%

65,019

9%

66,366

2% 8% 7%

28% 482,198 26% 885,029

16% 522,664 17% 948,669

3,555 420,947 901,150

12%

5,204

46%

4,374

-16% 8% 8%

28% 487,402 24% 1,050,24 6

16% 527,038 17% 1,129,31 6

Table 3.1 Showing Sales of Maruti cars in the year 2006 to 2009 Reference : Autocar ( Automobile Magzine) , March 2010

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COMPETITION MODELS

Segment A1 (Mini - Hatchback)

Maruti

Competition

M800

A2 (Compact - Hatchback)

Zen, WagonR, Alto, Swift

Hyundai - Santro& Getz; Tata Indica&Palio; GM - Spark & Beat

A3 (Mid Size)

Esteem, SX4

Hyundai - Accent; Tata - Indigo & Petra; Honda - City; GM - Corsa, Optra, &Aveo; Ford - Ikon, Fusion, & Fiesta Hyundai - Elantra& Sonata; Honda Accord; GM - Vectra; Ford - Mondeo; Skoda - Octavia & Superb; Toyota Corolla & Camry; Daimler Chrysler C,E, & S Class;

A4/A5/A6 (Exec./Prem./Luxury)

C (Van Type) MUV (Utility Vehicles)

Omni, Versa Gypsy, Grand Vitara Mitsubishi - Pajero; Hyundai - Terracan& Tucson; Ford - Endeavor; Toyota - Prado &Innova and Fortuner; Nissan - X Trail; Honda - CRV; GM - Forrester &Tavera; Tata - Sumo & Safari; Mahindra - Jeeps, Bolero, Scprpio and Xylo.

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3.11 Customer Satisfaction By Maruti Suzuki


Now a days Customer satisfaction is the main aim or objectives of all the business organisations. With the Globalisation and Liberalisation (i.e. opening of Indian market ) the competition has increased to a great extent. All the Indian companies or the business organisations have to match their products with the International standard level in order to remain in the market. A marketer can remain in the mind of the customers only if he is able to satisfy the needs and requirements of the potential customers (i.e. when customers get value for their money). In such situations Maruti Suzuki took an initiative to satisfy its customer in the following ways. 3.11.1 Customer Service:The CRM Program allows Maruti Suzuki to acquire customers, service the customers, increase the value of customers to the company, and retain good customers and to determine which customer can be retained or given a higher level of service. A good CRM program can improve customer service in several ways. Provides Product Information, product use, information and technical websites that are accessible 24 hours a day and 7 days a week Identifies how each individual customer defines quality and then designs service strategies for each customer based on these individual requirements and expectations. Provides a fast mechanism for managing and scheduling follow up sales call to assess post purchase cognitive dissonance, repurchase, probabilities repurchase times and repurchase times. Provides a mechanism to track all points of contact between customer and the company and do it in an integrated way so that all sources and the types of contact are included and all the user of the system see the same view of the customer (reduces confusion).m It also helps to identify problems quickly before they occur. Provides a user friendly mechanism for registering customer complaints (complaints assistance on

that are not registering with the company cannot be resolved and are a major source of customer dissatisfaction).

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Provides a fast mechanism for handling problems and complaints (complaints that are resolved quickly increased customer satisfaction). Provides a fast mechanism for correcting services deficiencies (correcting the problem before other customer experience the same dissatisfaction). Uses internet cookies to track customer interest and personalize product offerings accordingly. Use internet to engage in collaborative customization or real time customization. Provides a fast mechanism for managing, scheduling, maintenance, repair and ongoing support (improve efficiency and effectiveness). The CRM can be integrated into other cross functional systems and thereby provides accounting and production information to customers when they want it.

3.11.2 Improving Customer Relationships :CRM programs are also able to improve customer relationship. Proponents say this is so because:CRM Technology can track customer interests, needs and buying habits as they progress their life cycles and tailors the marketing efforts accordingly. This way customers get exactly want they want as they change. The technology can track customer products use as the product progresses through its life cycle and tailors the service accordingly. These way Customers get what they need as the product ages. In Industrial markets, the technology can be used to micro- segment the buying centre and helps co ordinate the conflicting and changing purchase criteria of its members. When any of the technology driven improvement in customer service (mentioned above) contribute to long term satisfaction they can ensure repeat purchases, improve customer relationship, increase customer loyalty, decreases customer turnover, decreases marketing costs (associated with customer acquisition and customer training), increases sales revenue and thereby increases profit margins.
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Repeat purchase however comes from customer satisfaction which inturn comes from deeper understandings of each customer, their individual business challenges rather than a one size fits all approach. CRM software enables sales people to achieve this one on one approach to selling and can automate some elements of it via tailorable marketing communication. However all of these elements are facilitated by or for humans to achieve. CRM is therefore a companywide attitude as much as software solution.

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Tata Ford Mahindra Renault Chervolet Toyota Honda Skoda Mahindra Hyundai Mitsubishi Maruti 660 680 700 720 740 760 780 800 820 840

Graph 3.2 Showing Customer Satisfaction Index Ranking Refrence :- Autodrive ( Automobile Magzine), June 2010

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Chapter :-4 Findings And Analysis

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After the study of the project , we have got several information and real facts about Maruti Suzuki : It was the idea of Sanjay Gandhi, son of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to provide cheap and low maintenance cars to Indiansand for this purpose Maruti limited was established but after his death Maruti limited went into collaboration with the Suzuki Motors of Japan. Maruti Suzuki focuses on overall segment of market and the strategied adopted by Marutis are very appealing and interacting for the customers. Initially it focused on providing cheap cars to the customers but after Globalisation of the Indian economy (1990s) many foreign companies started to enter the Indian market then to stand in the market Maruti Suzuki also started to manufacture luxury cars also. Along with manufacturing of cars Maruti also started another operations like :- Maruti finance, Maruti Insurance, Maruti genuine parts, After sale service, Maruti True value, Maruti Driving school etc..

Some other findings about Maruti Suzuki


A Buying Experience Like No Other Maruti Suzuki has a sales network of 307 state-of -the-art showrooms across 189 cities, with a workforce of over 6000 trained sales personnel to guide our customers in finding the right car. Our high sales and customer care standards led us to achieve the No.1 nameplate in the J.D. Power SSI Study 2004. Quality Service Across 1036 Cities In the J.D. Power CSI Study 2004, Maruti Suzuki scored the highest across all 7 parameters: least problems experienced with vehicle serviced, highest service quality, best in-service experience, best service delivery, best service advisor experience, most user-friendly service and best service initiation experience. 92% of Maruti Suzuki owners feel that work gets done right the first time during service. The J.D. Power CSI study 2004 also reveals that 97% of Maruti Suzuki owners would probably
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recommend the same make of vehicle, while 90% owners would probably repurchase the same make of vehicle. One Stop Shop At Maruti Suzuki, you will find all your car related needs met under one roof. Whether it is easy finance, insurance, fleet management services, exchange- Maruti Suzuki is set to provide a single-window solution for all your car related needs.

The Low Cost Maintenance Advantage The acquisition cost is unfortunately not only the cost we face buying a car.

Although a car may be afforded to buy , it may not

necessarily be afforded to

maintain as some of its regularly used spare partsmay be priced quite steeply. Not so in the case of Maruti Suzuki. It is in the economy segment thatb the affordability of spares is most competitive and it is here where Maruti Suzuki shines. The recent auto car survey conducted in August 2004 bears testimony to this fact. In the Maruti Suzuki Stable, the Omni has the lowest aggregate cost of the spares followed by the Maruti 800. The Maruti 800 has the cheapest spares of any Indian car. In the lower Mid Size segment as well price consciousness is very high , Where the cars have to be not only affordable on purchase price but alsoneed to combine quality and have comfortable interiors. In this segment the Maruti Suzuki Versa had scored particularly well with the lowest cost of spares in the segment. In the upper Mid Size Segment the Maruti Suzuki Baleno had the segment lowest price on a majority of spares.

Lowest Cost of Ownership


To be really happy with the car one owns, it should be easy on the pocket to buy and to runwhich is why the cost of ownership is so important. And here again, a Maruti Suzuki is a clear winner, as shown by the recent J.D.Power CSI study 2004. It is clear that a Maruti Suzuki delights you even when you run it for years. The 6 highest satisfaction ratings with regard to cost of ownership among all models are all Maruti Suzuki vehicles: Zen, Wagon R, Esteem, Maruti 800, Alto and Omni. They are proud to have the lowest cost of operation / km (among petrol vehicles) - the top 5 models are all Maruti Suzuki models: Maruti 800, Alto, Zen, Omni and Wagon R.
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SWOT ANALYSIS
SWOT Analysis is the analysis of a company. SWOT analysis stands for Strengths , Weakness, Opportunities and threats. With the help of this analysis we can get the information about a companys strengths and weaknesses and also about the opportunities and threats that a company is going to face or facing. After getting the knowledge about the weakpoints and threats from the external environment the management tries to overcome the weaknesses and the threats.

SWOT analysis of Maruti Suzuki are as follows :-

STRENGTHS :1. Brand Image 2. Reliable and cheap 3. Established brand in the Indian marke. 4. Great service and nationwide penetration 5. Experience in the Indian market 6. Very old player in the Indian market 7. First major player 8. Established distribution and after sales network WEAKNESSES :1. Diseconomies of scale 2. No Online presence 3. Not diversified

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OPPORTUNITIES

:-

1. Acquisition 2. Innovation 3. Online 4. Product and service expansion 5. Takeovers THREATS :1. Competition 2. Cheaper technology 3. External changes ( Government policies, taxes, etc) 4. Lower cost competitors and cheap imports 5. Price war 6. Product substitution

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Chapter :- 5 Conclusion

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Conclusion

This chapter concludes the study by highlighting the key findings of the study and some recommendations for Maruti Suzuki for future. The aim of the study is to critically analyse Marutis marketing strategies in India and to examine the effect on its sales . For this purpose secondary sources were used to collect information about the Marketing Strategies of Maruti Suzuki. The conclusion that can be drawn are :1. The main driver of the sales of Maruti cars in India are the Product features. 2. The marketing strategies though aggressive and very customer specific are not prime force towards the sales. 3. The prices of Maruti cars are competitive but they are not the price leaders. 4. However much information on the distribution network can not be gathered.

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Chapter : 6 Recommendations

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Recommendations

There is need for Maruti Suzuki to differentiate itself from past . This can be done by becoming more customer friendly to the Indian as well as Asian market. Due to the opening of the Indian market that means globalisation and due to entry of many competitors in the Indian automobile market Maruti should project itself more aggressively to the low end, means market with its low range ( but high quality ) products. Maruti was established to provide low cast cars to the Indians so it should carry on its objectives but it should also focus on the customer satisfaction by providing them quality products at low cost. Maruti have developed a brand name and the customer have a high brand preference. There is need to incash on this by continuing to launch good quality products.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books : Kotler, Philip Principles of Marketing Management, prentice hall India, 2003 Chhabra, T.N Marketing Management,DhanpatRai and co., 2010 Kothari, C.R Research methodology, Vikas Publishing house, 1997

Magzines : Overdrive Autocar Autodrive

Websites : www.marutisuzuki.com www.surfindia.com www.carwale.com www.driveinside.com www.carindia.com

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