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SISTEM SCADA DAN TELEKOMUNIKASI

JENJANG DIKLAT I

Aulia Mahdi, ST, SE PT.PLN (Persero) Disjaya & Tangerang

PENGERTIAN SCADA
SCADA (SUPERVISORY CONTROL AND DATA ACQUISITION) MENGAWASI MENGENDALIKAN SISTEM YANG MENGAWASI DAN MENGENDALIKAN PERALATAN PROSES YANG TERSEBAR SECARA GEOGRAFIS

TUJUAN DAN FUNGSI SCADA


TUJUAN 1. WAKTU PEMULIHAN GANGGUAN 2. KWh PADAM 3. PEMANTAUAN JARINGAN 20 kV

4. OPTIMASI PEMBEBANAN
FUNGSI 1. TELE CONTROL 2. TELE SIGNAL 3. TELE METERING

TELE CONTROL
TELE CONTROL / REMOTE CONTROL (RC) DO (DIGITAL OUTPUT)
OPEN

/ CLOSE CB / LBS / TURUNKAN TAP CHANGER

AO (ANALOG OUTPUT)
NAIKKAN

TELE SIGNAL
TELE SIGNAL (TS) / DIGITAL INPUT (DI) TSS (TELE SIGNAL DOUBLE)
STATUS

CB CLOSE / OPEN

TSD (TELE SIGNAL SINGLE)


POSISI

LOCAL / REMOTE OPT / HFD DCF / SF

TELE METERING
TELE METERING (TM) / ANALOG INPUT (AI) ARUS (A) TEGANGAN (kV) DAYA (MW, MX)

KONFIGURASI SCADA
DISPATCHER

REMOTE TERMINAL UNIT (RTU)

TIMUR

BARAT

RADIO

RADIO

LAN BRIDGE

REPEATER

PLATINE

RADIO
MICROVAX 4106

MEDIA KOMUNIKASI
MODEM

RTU
MODEM

KUBICEL

KABEL KONTROL FIBER OPTIK

RECTIFIER

KOMPUTER MASTER

IED

DIFUSER

BATTERY

MASTER STATION

MASTER STATION (1)


Komputer Server Front End Processor Man Machine Interface (MMI) Komputer Database server Komputer Engineering Swicth atau Hub LAN Radio Master Recorder GPS untuk referensi waktu DTS (Dispatcher Training Simulator) UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) Projector atau Mimic Panel Peripheral : Printer, logger Sofware Aplikasi SCADA Server & MMI

MASTER STATION (2)

FRONT END PROCESSOR


PENGAMBILAN DATA DARI RTU PENYIMPANAN DATA PENGIRIMAN DATA KE RTU PENGIRIMAN DATA KE HMI PENYESUAIAN WAKTU DIAGNOSA RTU

MAN MACHINE INTERFACE


MEMONITOR KONDISI SISTEM JARINGAN DISTRIBUSI MENGONTROL SISTEM JARINGAN DISTRIBUSI ENTRY/EDIT DATA NAVIGASI FUNGSI SCADA

REMOTE TERMINAL UNIT


FUNGSI RTU : KOMUNIKASI DENGAN MASTER KOMUNIKASI DENGAN IED I/O PROCESSING LOCAL DATA LOGGING MANAJEMEN DATABASE

MEDIA KOMUNIKASI
PILOT CABLE RADIO DATA FIBER OPTIC POWER LINE CARRIER (PLC)

PILOT CABLE
KONFIGURASI KK ANTARA CDS DAN DS
Gardu GH / CDS
Ke Pusat Kontrol
MODEM

Gardu DS

CPU
Rangkaian Proteksi
MDF RC TS
1-2 km

BOX DS

Box KK

cell cell
Rangkaian Proteksi

Box KK

RADIO DATA

KONFIGURASI RADIO KOMUNIKASI DATA


RTU MD 50

DF01 REPEATER RTU RTU RTU KEY POINT DF01 RAN 19 DF01 MDS 2100 MD 50 RTU DF01 RTU

MD 15

RTU
EAST MAIN COMPUTER EAST STANDBY COMPUTER WEST DF01 MAIN COMPUTER WEST STANDBY COMPUTER MD 50

RTU

FIBER OPTIC
OPGW (Optical Fiber Ground Wire) ADSS (All Dielectric Self Supporting) GWWOP (Ground Wire Wrap Optical Fiber)

POWER LINE CARRIER (PLC)


Keterangan : 1. Line Trap 2. Capacitor 3. Pengaman 4. Line Matching Unit (LMU) 5. Perangkat HF 6. Remote Terminal 7. Panel Kontrol 8. Rele Kendali 9. Telephone 10.Recorder 11.Rangkaian Proses 12.Terminal Telemeter

SOFTWARE SCADATEL
OPERATING SYSTEM : Unix, Windows, Linux SOFTWARE APLIKASI : Sinaut Spectrum, Spider, Wonderware Distribution Management System (DMS)

SOFTWARE APLIKASI SCADA


KONTROL AKUISISI DATA MANAJEMEN EVENT & ALARM KALKULASI TREND & PENGARSIPAN INTERFACE

TELE INFORMASI DATA


Busbar 1 kV TM (AI) Busbar 2 PMS STATUS C / O kV TM (AI) TSD (DI)

Digital Input (DI) Digital Output (DO) Analog Input (AI) Analog Output (AO)

OC / GF ALARM
PMT STATUS C / O CONTROL C / O

TSS (DI)
TSD (DI) RC (DO)

Trafo PT CT

Tap Changer

RC (AO)

kV, A, MW, MX

TM (AI)

SISTEM POWER SUPPLY

CATUDAYA
AC DC

KATEGORI
KONTINYU

: MASTER STATION, RTU CADANGAN : AC, PENERANGAN NORMAL

RECTIFIER Tegangan Out


Arus Out Mode Operasi Proteksi Alarm : 53,2V/55,1V Adj : 5, 8, 10, 16, 25 A : Boost,Float

Jumlah Battery : Batas Arus


Tegangan NominalIndikasi SF : Kapasitas Jenis Battery : 38 Cell : 1,2 Volt : 11, 20, 60 Ah

THANK YOU