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Way ETT tee . ; t q : TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP Second Edition Bernard M. Bass Center for Leadership Studies Binghamton University Ronald E. Riggio Kravis Leadership Institute Claremont McKenna College [EA LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOCIATES, PUBLISHERS 2006 ~=Mahwah, New Jersey London Copyright © 2006 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc, All rights reserved. No part of this book may be i : reproduced any form, by photostat, microform, retrieval syste orany “other means, without prior written permission of the publisher, Lawrence Eribaum Associates, Inc., Publishers 10 Industrial Avenue Mahwah, New Jersey 07430 Cover design by Kathryn Houghtaling Lacey Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Bass, Bernard M. ‘Transformational leadership / Bernard M. Bass, Ronald E. Riggio — 2nd ed. Pom. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8058-4761-8 (cloth : —IsBI anENS (Cloth : alk. paper) — ISBN 0-8058-4762-6 (pbk. : 1. Leadershi izati i rpgrsadership, 2. Organizational change. 1. Riggio, Ronald B. IL, Tile. 658.4'092. —e22 2005040138 Books published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associat Se es te id- free paper and thei bindings are chosen for stengih apd deca Printed in the United States of Ameri 109876543 oramenca Contents e a 10 TL 12 13 4 Foreword Preface to the Second Edition Introduction The Measurement of Transformational Leadership Commitment, Loyalty, and Satisfaction of Followers of Transformational Leaders Transformational Leadership and Performance Stress and Transformational Leadership Contingencies of Transformational Leadership Transformational Organizational Cultures Transformational Leadership of Men and Women Implications of Transformational Leadership for Organizational Policies The Development of Transformational Leadership Predictors and Correlates of Transformational Leadership Rank, Status, and Transformational Leadership Empowerment and Transformational Leadership Substitutes for Transformational Leadership and Teams as Substitutes vii xi 19 32 47 57 81 99 112 126 142 167 181 193 210