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WATS_2012_ST

April 2012

WATS 2012

The Erosion of Manual Flying Skills


Is it true, is it important, what do we do about it?
Presented by Capt. Jacques Drappier

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April 2012

ACCIDENT RATES

IATA Figures 2011


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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

ICAO STATISTICS

LOC-I = Loss of Control in flight

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 43

AIRBUS Hull Loss Accidents


Airbus data end 2009

16 8 8 2 2

5
0 Total CFIT Loss of Control Runway Excursion

Land short

Fuel

Other

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Flight Safety Conference 2010

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April 2012

Erosion of Manual flying skills?


High Profile accidents indicate handling issues Over reliance on automation ? Lack off Flying Skills or Lack of Airmanship ?

Erosion of Flying Skills:

Is it True? Is it important? What can we do about it?


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April 2012

IS IT TRUE ?
Overruns Hard landings Loss of Control accidents

Lack of scientific data

Yes, it is true
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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

IS IT IMPORTANT ?

Importance measured by impact on safety

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

March 2012

IS IT IMPORTANT ?

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

IS IT IMPORTANT ?
Automation has brought safer environment First generation jets were difficult to fly Automation may be leading to complacency Automation may be leading to loss of confidence Manual skills needed less often but still needed

YES, It is important
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April 2012

WHAT CAN WE DO ?
What is the root cause?
Erosion is not solely the result of lack of practice. Contributing factors:

Poor ab-initio training Insufficient command training Insufficient recurrent training Inadequate airline policy

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April 2012

SOLUTION ?

LACK OF PROPER INITIAL TRAINING


LACK OF PROPER COMMAND TRAINING LACK OF RECENCY

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April 2012

INITIAL

Enough QUALITY time should be allocated


Upset recovery training must be included in initial Simulator time can be excellent training time Hours is not a guarantee

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

March 2012

TYPE TRAINING

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

RECURRENT
Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

Evaluation

Maneuvers Training

Scenario Based Training

Objective

Assess competence Identify training needs Validate training system performance

Train maneuver skills to proficiency. Validate system performance and skill decay.

Manage the most relevant events according to evidence collected Improve competency to manage unforeseen events

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Conduct

Line orientated One or more occurrence Evaluating one or more key elements of the required competencies

Sequence of deliberate actions to achieve a prescribed flight path E.g.: RTO, EF V1, OEI APP, OEI GA, Emer. Descent, OEI Drift down

Line orientated flight scenarios One or more predictable or unpredictable threats;

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CONCLUSION
Long-term issue, Pilot skills are not equal but must be taken into account, Job changes to more decision making and monitoring, Manufacturers have introduced more automation to assist the
pilots, Airbus position: Use the appropriate level of automation at all times. Regulators should review their requirements based on solid studies, Operators should take their share of the responsibility, The whole industry must work together towards more safety including all aspects.

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AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

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April 2012

Conclusion

.
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April 2012

Thank You
AIRBUS S.A.S. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. This document and all information contained herein is the sole property of AIRBUS S.A.S. No intellectual property rights are granted by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of AIRBUS S.A.S. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied. The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these statements are not shown, AIRBUS S.A.S. will be pleased to explain the basis thereof. AIRBUS, its logo, A300, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330, A340, A350, A380, A400M are registered trademarks.

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