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Data - data Konstruksi :

Kuda - kuda type


Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Panjang Gudang ( L )
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Sifat dinding
Tinggi kolom ( h )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

D
30
20 m
44 m
4.5 m
Seng gelombang
Tertutup
4m
P5
I
P4

P6

A5

A4

G
P3

P7

A6

A3
V4

E
P2

A2

B1

D5

O
V6

B2

B3

B4

B5

P8

A7
V5

D1

V1

30

A8

D6

B6

B7

B8

200

DETAIL KUDA-KUDA

G
G
G
G

G
G
G

KK

KK

KK
G

2000

KK

KK

KK
KK

KK

KK

200

4000

G
G

G
200

RENCANA ATAP

P9 X 21

V7

2000

200

A1

D4

D2

V2

D
P1 X 21

D3

V3

PERHITUNGAN PANJANG BATANG :


Batang bawah ( B ) =
B : L :
B

20
8

X X=
L=

= 2.5 m

Batang atas ( A ) =
A : B : Cos
A

8 bh
20 m

2.5
0.866

Batang vertikal ( V ) =
V1 = V7 =
=
=
V2 = V6 =
=
=
V3 = V5 =
=
=
V4 =
=
=
Batang diagonal ( D ) =
D1 = D6 =
=
=
=
D2 = D6 =
=
=
=
D3 = D4 =
=
=
=

Cos 30
B
2.887

2.5 .
2.5 .
1.443
2.5 .
2.5 .
2.885
2.5 .
2.5 .
4.328
2.5 .
2.5 .
5.770

=
=

0.866
2.5 m

tg 30
0.577
m
tg 30
0.577
m
tg 30
0.577
m
tg 30
0.577
m

( 2.5
+ 1.443
( 6.250 + 2.081
( 8.331 )
2.886 m
( 2.5
+ 2.886
( 6.250 + 8.331
( 14.581 )
3.818 m
( 2.5
+ 4.328
( 6.250 + 18.727
( 24.977 )
4.998 m

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI GORDING


Dicoba memakai gording C 12
H
=
120 mm
B
=
55 mm
D
=
7
mm
Wx =
60.7 mm
Wy =
11.1 mm
Berat profil =
13.4 Kg.m
#

Berat gording dan atap . ( K1 )


gording
=
13.4 Kg.m
seng gelombang
=
10.0 Kg.m +
Q =
23.4 Kg.m
Baut 10 % =
2.34 Kg.m +
25.7 Kg.m
Qy

Q total =

26 Kg.m

= Q total
. Cos 30
= 26 . 0.866
= 22.516 Kg.m

Mx =
.
Qy
= 0.125 . 22.516
= 56.9936 Kg.m

.
.

L
4.5

My =
. Q total . Sin
.
L
= 0.125 . 26 . Sin 30 . 4.5
= 0.125 . 26 . 0.5 .
20.25
= 32.9063 Kg.m
#

Beban angin pada atap . ( K2 )


Beban angin
= 40 Kg.m
kemiringan atap
= 30
dipihak angin

C1 =
0.02
=
0.02
= 0.6 dibelakang angin C2
=
-0.4

.
. 30 0.4 = 0.2

Dari tabel pembebanan pengaruh angin ditentukan :


beban dipihak angin
W1 = C1 .
= 0.2 .
= 23.09469
beban dibelakang angin
W2 = C2 .
=
-0.4
= -46.1894

Mx =
. W1 . L
= 0.125 . 23.0947 . 4.5
= 58.4584 Kg.m

0.4
0.4

A . 40
2.887 . 40
Kg.m
A . 40
. 2.887 . 40
Kg.m

Mx =
=
=
My =
#

. W2 .
0.125 . -46.189
-116.917 Kg.m

L
. 4.5

Beban hidup . ( K3 )
untuk beban ini ditentukan P =
100

Kg terpusat di tengah batang

Mx =
=
=

. 100 . Cos 30 .
0.25
. 100 . 0.866
97.425 Kg.m

4.5
.

My =
=
=

. 100 . Sin 30 . ( 4.5


0.25
. 100 .
0.5
.
28.125 Kg.m

4.5

/
2 )
2.25

Kombinasi pembebanan ( P ditiadakan saat angin bekerja )


Kombinasi K1 + K2
Mx + Mx = 56.9936
= 115.452
Mx + Mx = 56.9936
= -59.923
My + My = 32.9063
= 32.906
My + My = 32.9063
= 32.906
Total Mx =
115.452
-59.923
55.529
Total My =
32.906
32.906
65.813
Kombinasi K1 + K3
Mx + Mx = 56.9936
= 154.419
My + My = 32.9063
= 61.031

+ 58.4584
Kg.m
+
-116.917
Kg.m
+
0
+
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m

+ 97.425
Kg.m
+
28.125
Kg.m

Total Mx =

154.419 Kg.m

Total My =

61.031 Kg.m

JADI, kombinasi terbesar yang menentukan adalah kombinasi K1 + K3

TEGANGAN YANG TERJADI


Mx
My
=
+
Wx
Wy
154.419
. 10
=
+
60.7
=
254.396
+
549.831
=
804.227 Kg.cm

61.031

10

11.1

< Baja BJ 37
Kg.cm
Kg.cm < 1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

804.227

JADI, Memakai Baja BJ 37

KONTROL LENDUTAN
e = 2.1 . 10
Fy

4
384

4
384

=
=
Fx

4
384

4
384

=
=
F

3693
293529.6
0.013

=
=
=
=
=

F izin =

2132
34844.544
0.061
(
(
(
(

. Cos
.
E . Ix

26 .
2.1 .

7891
36691.2
0.215

+
+
Q

0.866
10

Fx
+
1.107
1.226 +
1.278 )

.
.

0.500
10

4556
4355.568
1.046

1
48

450

364

.
.

1
48

450

43.21

1.107

Fy

)
0.228 )
0.052 )

1
250

450

JADI,
F < F izin
1.130
<
1.8
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

1.130

1
250

1
48

. Cos
E . Ix
x

100 .
2.1 .

0.866
10

.
.

450
364

.
.

450
43.21

0.228

. Sin
.
E . Ix

26 .
2.1 .
+

1.8

1
48

. Sin
E . Ix
x

100 .
2.1 .

0.500
10

PERHITUNGAN PEMBEBANAN
>

>

Data - data Konstruksi :


Berat gording
Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Penggantung Plafond
Tinggi kolom ( h )
Jarak gording

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.2 Kg.m
30
25 m
4.5 m
Seng gelombang :
18 Kg.cm
5m
A
2.887
=
L
4.5

10 Kg.cm

0.64

Pembebanan
beban gording
= 4 .
13.2

4.5

237.600 Kg.cm

beban atap dan plafond


= 28 . 2.887 .

4.5

363.741 Kg.cm

beban kuda - kuda


= 27 . 2.887

4.5

350.751 Kg.cm

105.225 Kg.cm

sambungan dan perlengkapan


= 30 % 350.751
beban hidup
P
muatan tak terduga 10 %

=
=

=
=
=

P x 10
1157.32 x
115.732

P total =
=

115.732 +
1273.049

100.000 Kg.cm +
1157.32 Kg.cm
%
10

1157.317

RA = RB = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 + P5 + P6 + P7 + P8 + P9

= 636.524 + 1273.05 +
1273.05 + 636.524
=

10184.390
2

5092.195

Kg

1273.05

+ 1273.05 + 1273.05 + 1273.05 + 1273.05


2

>

Perhitungan pembebanan angin


Beban angin
= 40 Kg.m
kemiringan atap
= 30
dipihak angin

C1 =
0.02
=
0.02
= 0.6 dibelakang angin C2
=
-0.4

.
. 30 0.4 = 0.2

0.4
0.4

Dari tabel pembebanan pengaruh angin ditentukan :


beban tekan angin
W1 = C1 .
40
= 0.2 . 40
=
8
Kg.m
beban hisap angin
W2 = C2 .
40
=
-0.4
40
=
-16
Kg.m
Pengaruh angin tekan ( W1 )
2.887
A =
x 4.5 x
2

8 (titik buhul)

= 51.96305 Kg

2.887

x 4.5 x

= 103.9261 Kg

2.887

x 4.5 x

= 103.9261 Kg

2.887

x 4.5 x

= 103.9261 Kg

2.887
2

x 4.5 x

= 51.96305 Kg

Pengaruh angin hisap ( W2 )


= -16 (titik buhul)
2.887
I =
x 4.5 x -16 = -103.926 Kg
2
K

2.887

x 4.5 x -16 =

-207.852 Kg

2.887

x 4.5 x -16 =

-207.852 Kg

2.887

x 4.5 x -16 =

-207.852 Kg

2.887
2

x 4.5 x -16 =

-103.926 Kg

MUATAN TETAP PER BATANG


BATANG
NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

SKALA

PANJANG ( cm )
21.77
18.66
15.55
12.44
12.44
15.55
18.66
21.77
18.85
18.85
16.16
13.46
13.46
16.16
18.85
18.85
0
1.55
3.11
9.33
3.11
1.55
0
3.11
4.11
5.38
5.38
4.11
3.11

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )

GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

TARIK ( + )
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18850
18850
16160
13460
13460
16160
18850
18850
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

TEKAN ( - )
21770
18660
15550
12440
12440
15550
18660
21770
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1550
3110
9330
3110
1550
0
3110
4110
5380
5380
4110
3110

REAKSI GAYA SIMPUL A & B


PANJANG
REAKSI

GAYA ANGIN

GAYA ANGIN

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

(+)

(-)

RA

10.62

7.029

10620

RB

10.62

2.650

RAV

5.31

RAH

9.2

KOMBINASI
TARIK

TEKAN

(+)

(-)

7029

3591

10620

2650

7970

5.310

5310

5310

4.6

9200

4600

4600

1000

1000

ANGIN KIRI TEKAN


BATANG
NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

PANJANG ( cm )
8.614
7.295
5.967
4.639
5.303
5.303
5.303
5.303
11.47
11.47
9.192
6.89
4.59
4.59
4.59
4.59
0
1.131
2.640
3.970
0
0
0
2.638
3.506
4.594
0
0
0

SKALA
GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )


TARIK ( + )
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11470
11470
9192
6890
4590
4590
4590
4590
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

TEKAN ( - )
8614
7295
5967
4639
5303
5303
5303
5303
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1131
2640
3970
0
0
0
2638
3506
4594
0
0
0

ANGIN KANAN HISAP


BATANG
NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

PANJANG ( cm )
10.62
10.62
10.62
10.62
9.29
11.95
14.590
17.27
0
0
0
0
4.6
9.19
13.8
13.8
0
0
0
7.96
5.311
2.64
0
0
0
0
9.2
7.01
5.32

SKALA
GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )


TARIK ( + )
10620
10620
10620
10620
9290
11950
14590
17270
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7960
5311
2640
0
0
0
0
9200
7010
5320

TEKAN ( - )
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4600
9190
13800
13800
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

GAYA RANGKA BATANG AKIBAT ANGIN ( KOMBINASI )


ANGIN TEKAN ( Kg )

ANGIN HISAP ( Kg )

KOMBINASI ( Kg )

BATANG

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

(+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
11470
11470
9192
6890
4590
4590
4590
4590
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(-)
8614
7295
5967
4639
5303
5303
5303
5303
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1131
2640
3970
0
0
0
2638
3506
4594
0
0
0

(+)
10620
10620
10620
10620
9290
11950
14590
17270
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7960
5311
2640
0
0
0
0
9200
7010
5320

(-)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4600
9190
13800
13800
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(+)
2006
3325
4653
5981
3987
6647
9287
11967
11470
11470
9192
6890
-10
0
0
0
0
0
0
3990
5311
2640
0
0
0

(-)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4600
9210
9210
0
1131
2640
0
0
0
0
2638
3506
4594
0
0
0

9200
7010
5320

GAYA RANGKA BATANG ( KOMBINASI )


AKIBAT BEBAN TETAP DAN BEBAN ANGIN
BEBAN TETAP ( Kg )

BEBAN ANGIN ( Kg )

KOMBINASI ( Kg )

BATANG

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

(+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18850
18850
16160
13460
13460
16160
18850
18850
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

(-)
21770
18660
15550
12440
12440
15550
18660
21770
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1550
3110
9330
3110
1550
0
3110
4110
5380
5380
4110
3110

(+)
2006
3325
4653
5981
3987
6647
9287
11967
11470
11470
9192
6890
-10
0
0
0
0
0
0
3990
5311
2640
0
0
0
0
9200
7010
5320

(-)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4600
9210
9210
0
1131
2640
0
0
0
0
2638
3506
4594
0
0
0

(+)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
30320
30320
25352
20350
13450
11560
9640
9640
0
0
0
0
2201
1090
0
0
0
0
3820
2900
2210

(-)
19764
15335
10897
6459
8453
8903
9373
9803
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2681
5750
5340
0
0
0
5748
7616
9974
0
0
0

PERHITUNGAN PROFIL KUDA - KUDA


Batang atas A
Nama batang
=
Gaya batang Max ( P ) =
Panjang batang
=

A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8


19764 Kg
3.608 m
360.8 cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
177.0 cm
F =
19.2 cm
ix =
3.04 cm
s =
28.2 mm
e total =
iy =
=
=
iy =
=
=
=

2.82

100 . 100 . 10

2.82

+ 0.5 =

Baut = 14 mm

cm
3.32

cm

2 ( Ix + F (e) )
2 ( 177.0 +
19.2
(
3.32
777.26 cm
( 777.26 / 2 . F )
( 777.26 /
2 .
19.2
)
( 20.2412 )
4.499 cm

maka ix =
e = 2.1

3.04 cm adalah i minimum ( i min )


. 10

LK
i min

v kt =

. e
x

kt =

v kt
s

360.8
3.04
3.14

= 118.684

1469.917
2.82

. 2.1 .
118.684

10

521.247

Kg.cm

514.688

Kg.cm

Tegangan yang timbul ( )


=

P
2F

514.688

Profil

19764
.
19.2

<
kt
Kg.cm <
521.247
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

100 . 100 . 10

bisa dipakai.

Kg.cm

20705160
14085.942

1469.917

Kg.cm

Batang bawah B
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7, B8


30320 Kg
3.13 m
313 cm
1600 Kg.cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


90 . 90 . 9
Ix =
116.0 cm
F =
15.5 cm
2F =
31
ix =
2.74 cm
s =
25.4 mm
2.54 cm
F efk =
=

31 - 2 (
29.2 cm

LK
i min

P
F efk

312.5
2.74

1.5

0.6

Baut = 14 mm

= 114.051

30320
29.2

1038.356

<

1038.356 Kg.cm <


1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY
Profil

90 . 90 . 9

Kg.cm

Kg.cm

bisa dipakai.

Batang diagonal D
BATANG TARIK
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

D4, D5, D6
3820 Kg
5.409 m
1600 Kg.cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


80 . 80 . 10
Ix =
87.5 cm
F =
15.1 cm
2F =
30.2
ix =
2.41 cm
s =
23.4 mm
2.34 cm
=

LK
i min

(
g =
= 3.14
(
= 111.016

540.9
2.41
e /
2.1 .

540.9 cm

Baut = `14 mm
cm

= 224.440
0.7 Te )
10
/
0.7 .

2400 )

s=

224.440
111.016

untuk 1 maka w

=
=

= 2.021693

2.381
2.381

.
.

F efk =
30.2
- 2 ( 1.5 .
=
25.7 cm
25.7
F efk .
.
1600
=
=
w
4.814

Profil

s
2.021693
1.5

P
>
Kg
>
3820
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

80 . 80 . 10

bisa dipakai.

=
=
=
=

F efk =
=
=

LK
i min

540.9
2.74

31 - 2 (
26.5 cm

P
F efk

1.5

9974
31

1.5

90 . 90 . 9

540.9 cm

Baut = 14 mm
cm

bisa dipakai.

Kg

Kg

= 197.409

321.742

<

321.742 Kg.cm <


1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY
Profil

4.81365

8542.371

D1, D2, D3
9974 Kg
5.409 m
1600 Kg.cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


90 . 90 . 9
Ix =
116.0 cm
F =
15.5 cm
2F =
31
ix =
2.74 cm
s =
25.4 mm
2.54 cm
=

8542.371

BATANG TEKAN
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

Kg.cm

Batang vertikal V
BATANG TARIK
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

V5, V6
2201
6.247
1600

Dicoba menggunakan profil


80 . 80 . 12
Ix =
102.0 cm
F =
17.9 cm
2F =
35.8
ix =
2.39 cm
s =
24.1 mm
2.41 cm
=

LK
i min

F efk =
=
=

35.8
31.3

P
F efk

- 2
cm

1.5

1.5

80 . 80 . 12

bisa dipakai.

=
=
=
=

(
g =
= 3.14
(
= 111.016
s=

624.7
2.39
e /
2.1 .

Kg.cm

V2, V3, V4
5340 Kg
6.247 m
1600 Kg.cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


80 . 80 . 12
Ix =
102.0 cm
F =
17.9 cm
2F =
35.8
ix =
2.39 cm
s =
24.1 mm
2.41 cm
=

cm

70.319

<

Kg.cm <
1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

LK
i min

Baut = 20 mm

70.319

BATANG TEKAN
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

624.7 cm

= 261.381

2201
31.3

Profil

624.7
2.39

Kg
m
Kg.cm

624.7 cm

Baut = 14 mm
cm

= 261.381
0.7 Te )
10
/
0.7 .

261.381

= 2.354447

2400 )

s=

untuk 1 maka w

111.016
=
=

2.381
2.381

= 2.354447
.
.

F efk =
35.8
- 2 ( 1.5 .
=
31.3 cm
31.3
F efk .
.
1600
=
=
w
5.606

s
2.354447
1.5

)
=

P
>
8933.383 Kg
>
5340
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

8933.383

Profil

80 . 80 . 12

bisa dipakai.

5.60594

Kg

Kg

PERHITUNGAN BAUT PADA TIAP TITIK BUHUL


Profil seluruh kuda-kuda
tebal plat
diameter baut
diameter lubang
tegangan geser izin
Ng =
=
=
Ntp =
=
=

100 . 100 . 10
10 mm
14 mm
14 + 1 =
1600 Kg.cm

=
=
=
=

0.25
. .
0.25
.
3.14
2826
Kg
d

.
t
1.5
.
2160

t
1.0

15 mm

d .
.
1.5 .

.
.

0.9

1600

Ntp
Ng >
2826
>
2160
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

1600

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL A = B


Batang A1
n

gaya A1
=
Ng

19764
2826

6.99363

bh

gaya B1
=
Ng

30320
2826

10.729

bh

Batang B1
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL D = O


Batang A1 dan A2
gaya A1 - gaya A2
n =
=
Ng
Batang D1
gaya D1
5748
n =
=
Ng
2826
Batang V1
gaya V1
0
n =
=
Ng
2826

19764

15335

2826

2.034

bh

bh

15335

2826

1.567

bh

1.570

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL E = M


Batang A2 dan A3
gaya A2 - gaya A3
n =
=
Ng
Batang D2
gaya D2
7616
n =
=
Ng
2826
Batang V2
gaya V2
2681
n =
=
Ng
2826

10897

2.695

bh

0.949

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL E = K


Batang A3 dan A4
gaya A3 - gaya A4
n =
=
Ng
Batang D3
gaya D3
9974
n =
=
Ng
2826
Batang V3
gaya V3
5750
n =
=
Ng
2826

10897

6459

2826

3.529

bh

2.035

bh

1.570

bh

0.000

bh

1.758

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL I


Batang A4
n

gaya A4
=
Ng

6459
2826

2.286

bh

gaya A5
=
Ng

8453
2826

2.991

bh

gaya V4
=
Ng

5340
2826

1.890

bh

Batang A5
n
Batang V4
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL C = P


Batang B1 dan B2
gaya B1 - gaya B2
n =
=
Ng
Batang V1
gaya V1
0
n =
=
Ng
2826

30320

0.000

30320

2826

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL F = N


Batang B2 dan B3
gaya B2 - gaya B3
n =
=
Ng
Batang D1
gaya D1
5748
n =
=
Ng
2826
Batang V2
gaya V2
2681
n =
=
Ng
2826

30320

25352

2826

2.034

bh

0.949

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL H = L


Batang B3 dan B4
gaya B3 - gaya B4
n =
=
0
Batang D2
gaya D2
7616
n =
=
Ng
2826
Batang V3
gaya V3
5750
n =
=
Ng
2826

25352

20350

2826

2.695

bh

2.035

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL J


Batang B4
n

gaya B4
=
Ng

20350
2826

7.201

bh

gaya B5
=
Ng

13450
2826

4.759

bh

gaya V4
=
Ng

5340
2826

1.890

bh

gaya D3
=
Ng

9974
2826

3.529

bh

gaya D4
=
Ng

3820
2826

1.352

bh

Batang B5
n
Batang V4
n
Batang D3
n
Batang D4
n

MENENTUKAN KOPEL
jumlah pelat koppel
=
tebal pelat ( + )
=
gaya max
=
lebar pelat
=

8
8
9803
18

bh
mm
Kg
cm

gaya batang yang dipikul pelat koppel ( D ) :


D = 0.015 . P
= 0.015 .
9803 = 147.045 Kg

1.770

bh

Ng =
=
=
Ntp =
=
=

0.25
. .
0.25
.
3.14
5024
Kg
d

.
t
1.8
.
4608

t
0.8

d .
. 2 .

1600

.
.

1600

Ng > Ntp maka, Ntp lah yang menentukan


n

D
Ntp

147.045
4608

0.032

bh

PERHITUNGAN KOLOM
>

>

Data - data Konstruksi :


Berat gording
Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Jarak bagin Kuda - kuda
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Penggantung Plafond
Tinggi kolom ( h )
Jarak gording

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.2
30
25 m
3.1 m
4.5 m
Seng gelombang :
18 Kg.cm
5m
A
3.608
=
L
4.5

10 Kg.cm

0.80

Pembebanan
beban gording
= 4 .
13.2

4.5

237.600 Kg.cm

beban atap dan plafond


= 28 . 3.608 .

4.5

454.608 Kg.cm

beban kuda - kuda


= 27 . 3.608

4.5

438.372 Kg.cm

131.512 Kg.cm

sambungan dan perlengkapan


= 30 % 438.372
beban hidup
P

=
=

100.000 Kg.cm +
1362.09 Kg.cm

Perhitungan reaksi kolom :

P
P

RA

RA
20
.

MA = 0
- RB . 25

21.9

9.4 +

- RB

25

25

- RB

25

( 113 )

. 113
113
=
P
25
25

RB =

19

3.1

21.9

19

= 4.5

15.6

15.6

RA = RB = 4.5 . P
= 4.5 . 1362.09
=
6129.412
Pendimensian kolom
tinggi kolom ( h ) =
kolom Bj 37
=
N
=

5m
500
1600 Kg.cm
6129.412

Dicoba menggunakan profil


t1 =
9 mm
t2 =
14 mm
A =
101.5 cm
ix =
14.6 cm
iy =
6 cm
Wx =
1280 cm
Wy =
292 cm
arah tegak lurus sumbu x
k = 1
L ky
x =
=
ix
(
g =
= 3.14
(
= 111.016
s=

x
g

mm

WF 350 . 250

ix
e /
2.1 .

.
500
14.6

0.7 Te )
10
/

34.247
111.016

0.7 .

0.308

= 34.2466

2400 )

13

13

9.4 +

+ 3.1

untuk

0.183

< s <

Wx =

1.41
1.593 -

nx

E A
=
. x

nx
nx - 1

292.342
292.342 -1

Bx

=
=
=

Mx =
=
=

s
`

1.593

3.14

1.41
-

0.308

.
2.1 .
6129.412
.

1.003

1.098

10
101.5
34.247

2.1E+09
= 292.342
7188746

2.1E+09
=
4.3E+07

0.6 + 0.4 . Mx1/Mx2


0.6 + 0.4 . 0
0.6
0.125 .
0.125 .
383088.263

arah tegak lurus sumbu x


k = 1
L ky
y =
=
iy
(
g =
= 3.14
(
= 111.016
y
g

s=
untuk

1 maka

0.183

N . L
6129.412

iy
e /
2.1 .

< s <

Wy =

1.41
1.593 -

ny

E A
=
. x

ny
ny - 1

49.373
49.373 -1

s
`

0.7 Te )
10
/

0.7 .

= 83.3333

2400 )

0.751

1 maka
=

1.593

3.14

1.41
-

Kg.cm <

0.751

.
2.1 .
6129.412
.

1.021

Cek persamaan interaksi


N
ny
Mx
a)
Wx
+ Bx
x
A
ny - 1
Wx
6129.412
1.098
+ 0.6 x
101.5
245.860

500
6

83.333
111.016

500

1600

1.674

10
101.5
83.333

<

383088.263
1280

Kg.cm

<

1600

Kg.cm

49.373

b)

Wx

N
A

<

1.674

6129.412
101.5

<

1600

Kg.cm

<

1600

101.083
c)

N
Mx
+
<
A
Wx
6129.412
+
101.5
359.676

Profil

383088.263
1280
<

Beban aksial ( P )
=
P'C =
0.35
0.35
1.05

A perlu =
=
=

<

1600

1600

Kg.cm

Kg.cm

bisa dipakai.

Pelat dasar kolom pada pondasi


1 kip
=
4.536 . 10
1 m
=
6.452 cm

Fp =
=
=

Kg.cm

Kg.cm

WF 350 . 250

Kg.cm

Kg

6129.412
3 ksi

1351.281

. P'C
. 3
kgi

P / FP
1351.281
1286.935

1.05

Profil yang digunakan adalah


A =
101.5 cm
d =
34 cm
b =
25 cm

WF 350 . 250

menentukan lebar ( B ) dan panjang ( N ) pelat dimana harus memenuhi syarat :


B x N

5590.486

cm

untuk pemilihan B dan N sedemikian hingga perbedaan ( selisih ) diantara keduanya mendekati :
0.92 d - 0.80 b
0.92
. 34

0.8

25

dicoba berbagai gaya B dan N sebagai berikut :


B x N

5590.486

cm

11.28

cm

B
75
75
71
70

N
76
78
80
83

Was
5700
5694
5680
5740

gunakan B = 70 dan N =
tekanan aktual adalah
P
Fp =
=
B . N

selisih
1
3
9
13

83
6129.412
=
70 . 83

1.055

83

0.95
2

34

70

0.80
2

25

Kg.cm

hitung M dan N
M

N - 0.95 d
2

N - 0.80 d
2

hitung tebal pelat ( tp )


tp = N
( FP / 0.25 Fy
)
=
25
( 1.055 /
0.25
.
=
1.048

1 cm
jadi, pelat landasan yang dipakai adalah

25.35

cm

25

cm

2400 )

70 .

83

250 .
) =

Menentukan jumlah baut


pada kolom digunakan profil
WF . 350
diameter baut =
2 ( 14 + 9 /
diameter lubang =
23
e1 = 2 d
= 2 . 24 =
s = 3 d
= 3 . 24 =
Ng =
=
=
Ntp =
=
=

.
2.4
3456

t
.

23

24 mm

48
72

0.25
. .
0.25
.
3.14
7234.56 Kg
d

.
2

d .
. 2.4 .

1600

0.9

1600

Ng > Ntp maka, Ntp lah yang menentukan


n

P
Ntp

6129.412
3456

1.774

bh

14
mm

Cek kekuatan baut :


untuk mengetahui kuat atau tidaknya baut menahan suatu beban harus memenuhi syarat berikut :
0.8 x
1600 Kg.cm
P
2 . 1/4 . . d . 3

0.25

6129.412
.
3.14

2.4 .

225.931 Kg.cm

0.8 x

1600 Kg.cm

225.931 Kg.cm 1280 Kg.cm


OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

P8

O
A8

P9 X 21

7
P

B8

KK

200


364

43.21

1706.8
30.24

)=0

0.00342064884091075

66.28760754
179.572623
245.8602306

5074.83
1014.966
1118.814348
32.68877867

1065.537474

34.5
l2

=
=

250
33000

250

14

>

1.5

diameter lubang

diameter lubang

Data - data Konstruksi :


Kuda - kuda type
Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Panjang Gudang ( L )
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Sifat dinding
Tinggi kolom ( h )

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

D
30
25 m
40 m
4.5 m
Asbes Gelombang
Tertutup
5m

P5
I
P4

P6

A5

A4

G
P3

P7

A6

A3
V4

E
P2

A2

A1

B1

D5

O
V6

B2

B3

B4

P8

A7
V5

D1

V1

30

D4

D2

V2

D
P1 X 21

D3

V3

B5

B6

A8

D6

P9 X 21

V7
P

B7

B8

2000

200

DETAIL KUDA-KUDA

G
G
G
G

G
G
G

KK

KK

KK
G

2000

KK

KK

KK
KK

KK

G
G

KK

200

200

G
G

4000

200

RENCANA ATAP

PERHITUNGAN PANJANG BATANG :


Batang bawah ( B ) =
B : L :
B

25
8

Batang atas ( A ) =
A : B :
A

3.125
0.866

X
3.125

Cos
=

X=
L=

8 bh
25 m

3.609

Cos
B
m

30

=
=

0.866
3.125

Batang vertikal ( V ) =
V1 = V7 =
=
=
V2 = V6 =
=
=
V3 = V5 =
=
=
V4 =
=
=

3.125
3.125
1.803
3.125
3.125
3.606
3.125
3.125
5.409
3.125
3.125
7.213

Batang diagonal ( D ) =
D1 = D6 =
=
=
=
D2 = D5 =
=
=
=
D3 = D4 =
=
=
=

.
.

tg
30
0.577
m

.
.

tg
30
0.577
.

tg
30
0.577
.

tg
30
0.577
.

m
.
.
m
.
.
m

( 3.125
(
9.766
(
13.017

+
+
)
m
+
+
)
m
+
+
)
m

3.608

( 3.125
(
9.766
(
22.783
4.773

( 3.125
(
9.766
(
39.027
6.247

1.803
3.251

3.608
13.017

5.409
29.261

PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI GORDING


Dicoba memakai gording
H
=
120 mm
B
=
55 mm
D
=
7
mm
Wx =
60.7 mm
Wy =
11.1 mm
Berat profil =
#

13.4

Kg.m

Berat gording dan atap . ( K1 )


gording
=
asbes gelombang
=
Q
=
Baut 10 % =

Qy

C 12

= Q total
.
Cos
= 26 .
0.866
= 22.516 Kg.m

13.4
10.3
23.7
2.37
26.1

Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m

+
+

30

Mx =
.
= 0.125
.
= 56.9936 Kg.m

Qy
22.516

My =
.
= 0.125
.
= 0.125
.
= 32.9063 Kg.m

Q total
26
.
26
.

.
.

L
4.5

. Sin
Sin 30
0.5
.

.
L
4.5
20.25

Beban angin pada atap . ( K2 )


Beban angin
=
40 Kg.m
kemiringan atap
=
30
dipihak angin

dibelakang angin C2

C1

=
=
=
=

Q total =

0.02
0.02
0.6
-0.4

.
.
0.4

30 = 0.2

0.4
0.4

26 Kg.m

Dari tabel pembebanan pengaruh angin ditentukan :


beban dipihak angin
W1

beban dibelakang angin

Mx =
=
=

.
0.125
.
73.073 Kg.m

Mx =
=
=

.
0.125
.
-146.146

My =
#

=
=
=
=
=
=

W2

W1

.
28.868

W2
.
-57.73672055
Kg.m

C1 .
A
. 40
0.2
.
3.609
.
28.86836 Kg.m
C2 .
A
. 40
-0.4
.
3.609
-57.73672 Kg.m

L
.
4.5

L
.
4.5

40

Beban hidup . ( K3 )
untuk beban ini ditentukan P =

100

Kg

Mx =
=
=

.
100
0.25
.
97.425 Kg.m

. Cos 30
100
.

.
0.866

4.5
.

My =
=
=

.
100
0.25
.
28.125 Kg.m

. Sin 30
100
.

.(
0.5

4.5
.

terpusat di tengah batang

Kombinasi pembebanan ( P ditiadakan saat angin bekerja )


Kombinasi K1 + K2
Mx + Mx =
56.993625
=
130.067
Mx + Mx =
56.993625
=
-89.152
My + My =
32.90625
=
32.906
My + My =
32.90625
=
32.906
Total Mx =
130.067
-89.152
40.914
Total My =
32.906
32.906
65.813
Kombinasi K1 + K3
Mx + Mx =
56.993625
=
154.419
My + My =
32.90625
=
61.031

+
Kg.m
+
Kg.m
+
+
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m
Kg.m

+
Kg.m
+
Kg.m

Total Mx =

154.419 Kg.m

Total My =

61.031 Kg.m

73.073037
-146.146
0
0

97.425
28.125

JADI, kombinasi terbesar yang menentukan adalah kombinasi K1 + K3

4.5

/
2.25

40

TEGANGAN YANG TERJADI


Mx
My
=
+
Wx
Wy
154.419
.
=
60.7
=
254.396
+
=
804.227 Kg.cm

10

10

11.1

549.831

804.227

61.031

Kg.cm

<
<
AMAN

Baja BJ 37
Kg.cm
1600

JADI, Memakai Baja BJ 37

KONTROL LENDUTAN
e = 2.1 . 10
Fy

4
384

4
384

=
=
Fx

4
384

4
384

=
=
F

3693
293529.6
0.013

=
=
=
=
=

F izin =

26
2.1

.
.

Cos
E . Ix

+
Q

26
2.1

.
.

+
+

Fy
+

+
)

0.052

0.228
)

1
48

450

364

.
.

1
48

450

43.21

1.107

1.130

1
250

JADI,

1
250

=
F

<
<

1.130
OKEY

x
F izin
1.8

1
48

. Cos
E . Ix
x

100 .
2.1 .

0.866
10

.
.

450
364

.
.

450
43.21

0.228
.

0.500
10

.
.

Sin
E . Ix

4556
4355.568
1.046

0.866
10
7891
36691.2
0.215

2132
34844.544
0.061
( Fx
(
1.107
(
1.226
(
1.278

450

1.8

1
48

. Sin
E . Ix
x

100 .
2.1 .

0.500
10

PERHITUNGAN PEMBEBANAN
>

>

Data - data Konstruksi :


Berat gording
Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Penggantung Plafond
Tinggi kolom ( h )
Jarak gording

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.4
Kg.m
30
25 m
4.5 m
asbes gelombang :
18 Kg.cm
5m
A
3.609
=
L
4.5

10.3 Kg.cm

0.80

Pembebanan
beban gording
= 4 .

13.4

4.5

241.200 Kg.cm

beban atap dan plafond


= 28 .
3.609

4.5

459.548 Kg.cm

beban kuda - kuda


= 27 .
3.609

4.5

438.438 Kg.cm

131.531 Kg.cm

=
=

100.000 Kg.cm
1370.72 Kg.cm

sambungan dan perlengkapan


= 30 %
438.438
beban hidup
P
muatan tak terduga 10 %

=
=
=

P
x
10
1370.7179 x
137.072

P total =
=

137.072
+
1507.790

%
10

1370.718

RA = RB = P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 + P5 + P6 + P7 + P8 + P9

753.8948441

1507.79

1507.79

753.8948441

12062.318
2

6031.159

Kg

1507.79

+
2

1507.79

1507.79

+ 1507.79 + 1507.79 +

>

Perhitungan pembebanan angin


Beban angin
=
kemiringan atap
=
dipihak angin

C1

dibelakang angin C2

40 Kg.m
30
=
=
=
=

0.02
0.02
0.6
-0.4

Dari tabel pembebanan pengaruh angin ditentukan :


beban tekan angin
W1

beban hisap angin

W2

Pengaruh angin tekan ( W1 )


3.609
A =
x
2

.
.
0.4

=
=
=
=
=
=

30 = 0.2

C1
0.2

.
.

8
C2 .
-0.4
-16

0.4
0.4

40
40
Kg.m
40
40
Kg.m

8 (titik buhul)

4.5

64.953811 Kg

3.609

4.5

129.90762 Kg

3.609

4.5

129.90762 Kg

3.609

4.5

129.90762 Kg

3.609
2

4.5

64.953811 Kg

-16 (titik buhul)

Pengaruh angin hisap ( W2 )


3.609
I =
x
2

4.5

-16

-129.9076 Kg

3.609

4.5

-16

-259.8152 Kg

3.609

4.5

-16

-259.8152 Kg

3.609

4.5

-16

-259.8152 Kg

3.609
2

4.5

-16

-129.9076 Kg

MUATAN TETAP PER BATANG


NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

BATANG
PANJANG ( cm )
13.815
9.330
6.220
3.110
3.110
6.220
9.330
13.815
18.8534
18.8534
16.160
13.467
13.467
16.160
18.8534
18.8534
0
1.555
3.110
9.330
3.110
1.555
0
3.110
4.114
5.387
5.387
4.114
3.110

SKALA
GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )


TARIK ( + )
TEKAN ( - )
0
13815
0
9330
0
6220
0
3110
0
3110
0
6220
0
9330
0
13815
18853.4
0
18853.4
0
16160
0
13466.7
0
13466.7
0
16160
0
18853.4
0
18853.4
0
0
0
0
1555
0
3110
0
9330
0
3110
0
1555
0
0
0
3110
0
4114.1
0
5386.7
0
5386.7
0
4114.1
0
3110

REAKSI GAYA SIMPUL A & B


REAKSI

TARIK
(+)

PANJANG
TEKAN
(-)

GAYA ANGIN
TARIK
1000
1
:

GAYA ANGIN
TEKAN
1000
1 :

KOMBINASI
TARIK
TEKAN
(+)
(-)

RA

7.082

4.687

7082.2

4686.6

2395.6

RB

7.084

1.768

7083.6

1767.7

5315.9

RAV

3.5411

3.585

3541.1

3584.8

43.7

RAH

6.196

3.067

6195.8

3066.7

3129.1

ANGIN KIRI TEKAN


NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

BATANG
PANJANG ( cm )
5.743
3.096
3.094
3.093
3.535
3.535
3.535
3.535
7.652
7.652
6.128
4.595
3.062
3.062
3.062
3.062
0
0.880
1.765
2.650
0
0
0
1.759
3.057
3.062
0
0
0

SKALA
GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )


TARIK ( + )
TEKAN ( - )
0
5742.9
0
3095.6
0
3094.2
0
3092.8
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
7651.9
0
7651.9
0
6128.4
0
4595.1
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
0
0
0
879.6
0
1764.9
0
2650.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1759.2
0
3057
0
3061.8
0
0
0
0
0
0

ANGIN KANAN HISAP


NAMA
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

BATANG
PANJANG ( cm )
7.082
7.082
7.082
7.082
6.1969
11.503
9.732
11.511
0
0
0
0
3.069
6.128
9.205
9.205
0
0
0
5.364
3.541
1.766
0
0
0
0
6.133
6.124
3.552

SKALA
GAYA ( Kg)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000

BESAR GAYA BATANG ( Kg )


TARIK ( + )
TEKAN ( - )
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
6196.9
0
11502.8
0
9732.3
0
11511.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3069.1
0
6128.4
0
9204.9
0
9204.9
0
0
0
0
0
0
5364.3
0
3541.1
0
1766.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6133.3
0
6123.5
0
3552.4
0

GAYA RANGKA BATANG AKIBAT ANGIN ( KOMBINASI )


BATANG
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

ANGIN TEKAN ( Kg )
TARIK
TEKAN
(+)
(-)
0
5742.9
0
3095.6
0
3094.2
0
3092.8
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
0
3535.4
7651.9
0
7651.9
0
6128.4
0
4595.1
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
3061.8
0
0
0
0
879.6
0
1764.9
0
2650.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1759.2
0
3057
0
3061.8
0
0
0
0
0
0

ANGIN HISAP ( Kg )
TARIK
TEKAN
(+)
(-)
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
7082.2
0
6196.9
0
11502.8
0
9732.3
0
11511.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3069.1
0
6128.4
0
9204.9
0
9204.9
0
0
0
0
0
0
5364.3
0
3541.1
0
1766.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6133.3
0
6123.5
0
3552.4
0

KOMBINASI ( Kg )
TARIK
TEKAN
(+)
(-)
1339.3
0
3986.6
0
3988
0
3989.4
0
2661.5
0
7967.4
0
6196.9
0
7975.9
0
7651.9
0
7651.9
0
6128.4
0
4595.1
0
-7.3
0
0
3066.6
0
6143.1
0
6143.1
0
0
0
879.6
0
1764.9
2714.2
0
3541.1
0
1766.3
0
0
0
0
1759.2
0
3057
3061.8
6133.3
0
6123.5
0
3552.4
0

GAYA RANGKA BATANG ( KOMBINASI )


AKIBAT BEBAN TETAP DAN BEBAN ANGIN
BEBAN TETAP ( Kg )
BATANG
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
V1
V2
V3
V4
V5
V6
V7
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6

TARIK

BEBAN ANGIN ( Kg )
TEKAN

KOMBINASI ( Kg )

TARIK

TEKAN

TARIK

TEKAN

(+)

(-)

(+)

(-)

(+)

(-)

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18853.4
18853.4
16160
13466.7
13466.7
16160
18853.4
18853.4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

13815
9330
6220
3110
3110
6220
9330
13815
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1555
3110
9330
3110
1555
0
3110
4114.1
5386.7
5386.7
4114.1
3110

1339.3
3986.6
3988
3989.4
2661.5
7967.4
6196.9
7975.9
7651.9
7651.9
6128.4
4595.1
-7.3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2714.2
3541.1
1766.3
0
0
0
0
6133.3
6123.5
3552.4

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
3066.6
6143.1
6143.1
0
879.6
1764.9
0
0
0
0
1759.2
3057
3061.8
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
26505.3
26505.3
22288.4
18061.8
13459.4
13093.4
12710.3
12710.3
0
0
0
0
431.1
211.3
0
0
0
0
746.6
2009.4
442.4

12475.7
5343.4
2232
-879.4
448.5
-1747.4
3133.1
5839.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2434.6
4874.9
6615.8
0
0
0
4869.2
7171.1
8448.5
0
0
0

PERHITUNGAN PROFIL KUDA - KUDA


Batang atas A
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang

=
=
=

A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8


12475.7
Kg
3.609
m

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
177.0 cm
F =
19.2 cm
ix =
3.04 cm
s =
28.2 mm
e total =
iy =
=
=
iy =
=
=
=

2.82

100 . 100 . 10

2.82

0.5

2 ( Ix
+
2 (
177.0
777.26 cm
( 777.26
/
( 777.26
/
( 20.2412
)
4.499 cm

maka ix =
e = 2.1

3.04
10

LK
i min

v kt =

. e
x

kt =

v kt
s

3.32

(e)
19.2

Baut =

14 mm

cm

)
(

.
.

cm

cm

F
+

360.9

3.32

19.2

cm

adalah i minimum ( i min )

360.9
3.04

3.14

118.702
.
2.1
.
118.702

1469.473
2.82

10

521.090

Kg.cm

324.888

Kg.cm

Tegangan yang timbul ( )


=

P
2F

12475.7
.

19.2

324.888

Profil

100 . 100 . 10

Kg.cm

<
kt
<
521.090
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY
bisa dipakai.

Kg.cm

20705160
14090.198

1469.473

Kg.cm

Batang bawah B
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7, B8


26505.3
Kg
3.13
m

1600
Kg.cm

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
116.0 cm
F =
15.5 cm
ix =
2.74 cm
s =
25.4 mm
F efk =
=

31 2
29.2 cm

LK
i min

P
F efk

313

90 . 90 . 9

2F =
2.54

1.5

312.5
2.74

Baut =

14 mm

31

cm
.

cm

0.6

114.051

26505.3
29.2

907.716

Kg.cm

907.716

Profil

Kg.cm

<

<
1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

90 . 90 . 9

Kg.cm

bisa dipakai.

Batang diagonal D
BATANG TARIK
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
87.5 cm
F =
15.1 cm
ix =
2.41 cm
s =
23.4 mm

LK
i min

624.7
2.41

g =
(
= 3.14
(
=
111.016
s=

D4, D5, D6
746.6 Kg
6.247 m

1600 Kg.cm
80 . 80 . 10

2F =
2.34

e
2.1

259.218
111.016

30.2

`14 mm

cm

cm
=

/
.

Baut =

624.7

259.218

0.7 Te
10

)
/

0.7

2.3349666

2400

cm

untuk 1 maka w

=
=

2.381
2.381

F efk =
30.2
2
=
25.7 cm
25.7
F efk .
=
=
w

1.5

.
5.560

.
.

s
2.3349666

1.5

5.55956

1600

7396.275

7396.275

Profil

P
>
>
747
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

Kg

Kg

80 . 80 . 10

bisa dipakai.

BATANG TEKAN
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
116.0 cm
F =
15.5 cm
ix =
2.74 cm
s =
25.4 mm

LK
i min

624.7
2.74

=
F efk =
=
=

31 2
26.5 cm

P
F efk

2F =
2.54

1.5

Baut =
31

624.7

14 mm

cm

cm
=

227.998

1.5

8448.5
31

D1, D2, D3
8448.5 Kg
6.247 m

1600 Kg.cm
90 . 90 . 9

Kg

272.532

272.532

Profil

90 . 90 . 9

Kg.cm

<

<
1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY
bisa dipakai.

Kg.cm

cm

Batang vertikal V
BATANG TARIK
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
102.0 cm
F =
17.9 cm
ix =
2.39 cm
s =
24.1 mm

LK
i min

540.9
2.39

=
F efk =
=
=

35.8
31.3

P
F efk

V5, V6
431.1
5.409
1600
80 . 80 . 12

2F =
2.41

=
-

Baut =

35.8

540.9

cm

20 mm

cm

cm
=

Kg
m

Kg.cm

226.334

1.5

1.5

cm
431.1
31.3

13.773

13.773

Profil

Kg.cm

<

<
1600
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

80 . 80 . 12

bisa dipakai.

BATANG TEKAN
Nama batang
Gaya batang Max ( P )
Panjang batang Max
Tegangan izin

=
=
=
=

Dicoba menggunakan profil


Ix =
102.0 cm
F =
17.9 cm
ix =
2.39 cm
s =
24.1 mm

LK
i min

721.3
2.39

untuk 1 maka w

2F =
2.41

g =
(
= 3.14
(
=
111.016
s=

V2, V3, V4
6615.8 Kg
7.213 m

1600 Kg.cm
80 . 80 . 12

e
2.1

=
/
.

=
=

F efk =
35.8
2
=
31.3 cm
31.3
F efk .
=
=
w

35.8

14 mm

cm

1.5

.
6.472

0.7

2.7183368

.
.

s
2.7183368

1.5

1600

2400

Profil

80 . 80 . 12

Kg

6.47236

)
=

P
>
>
6616
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY
bisa dipakai.

7737.518

7737.518

cm

301.778

0.7 Te
10

2.381
2.381
(

Baut =

721.3

cm

301.778
111.016

Kg.cm

Kg

Kg

PERHITUNGAN BAUT PADA TIAP TITIK BUHUL


Profil seluruh kuda-kuda
tebal plat
diameter baut
diameter lubang
tegangan geser izin
Ng =
=
=
Ntp =
=
=

0.25
0.25

.
.
2826

100 . 100 . 10
10
mm
14
mm
14
+
1
1600
Kg.cm

=
=
=
=

3.14

15 mm

d .

.
1.5
.

1600

Kg
t
.

1.5

t
1.0

.
.

0.9

Ntp
Ng >
2826
>
2160
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

1600

2160

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL A = B


Batang A1
n

gaya A1
Ng

12475.7
2826

4.41461

bh

gaya B1
Ng

26505.3
2826

9.379

bh

Batang B1
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL D = O


Batang A1 dan A2
n

gaya A1 - gaya A2
Ng

12475.7

5343.4

2826

2.524

bh

1.101

bh

Batang D1
n

gaya D1
Ng

4869.2
2826

1.723

bh

gaya V1
Ng

0
2826

bh

5343.4

2826

Batang V1
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL E = M


Batang A2 dan A3
n

gaya A2 - gaya A3
Ng

2232

Batang V2
n

gaya V2
Ng

2434.6
2826

0.862

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL E = K


Batang A3 dan A4
n

gaya A3 - gaya A4
Ng

2232

-879.4

2826

1.101

bh

0.000

bh

1.492

bh

Batang D3
n

gaya D3
Ng

8448.5
2826

2.990

bh

gaya V3
Ng

4874.9
2826

1.725

bh

gaya D2
Ng

7171.1
2826

2.538

bh

Batang V3
n
Batang D2
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL I


Batang A4
n

gaya A4
Ng

-879.4
2826

-0.311

bh

gaya A5
Ng

448.5
2826

0.159

bh

gaya V4
Ng

6615.8
2826

2.341

bh

Batang A5
n
Batang V4
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL C = P


Batang B1 dan B2
n

gaya B1 - gaya B2
Ng

26505.3

26505.3

2826

Batang V1
n

gaya V1
Ng

0
2826

0.000

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL F = N


Batang B2 dan B3
n

gaya B2 - gaya B3
Ng

26505.3

22288.4

2826

Batang D1
n

gaya D1
Ng

4869.2
2826

1.723

bh

gaya V2
Ng

2434.6
2826

0.862

bh

gaya D2
Ng

7171.1
2826

2.538

bh

Batang V2
n
Batang D2
n

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL H = L


Batang B3 dan B4
n

gaya B3 - gaya B4
0

22288.4

18061.8

2826

Batang V3
n

gaya V3
Ng

4874.9
2826

1.725

bh

JUMLAH BAUT TITIK BUHUL J


Batang B4
n

gaya B4
Ng

18061.8
2826

6.391

bh

gaya B5
Ng

13459.4
2826

4.763

bh

gaya V4
Ng

6615.8
2826

2.341

bh

gaya D3
Ng

8448.5
2826

2.990

bh

gaya D4
Ng

746.6
2826

0.264

bh

Batang B5
n
Batang V4
n
Batang D3
n
Batang D4
n

MENENTUKAN KOPEL
jumlah pelat koppel
tebal pelat ( + )
gaya max
lebar pelat

=
=
=
=

8
8
5839.1
18

gaya batang yang dipikul pelat koppel ( D ) :


D = 0.015
.
P
= 0.015
.
5839.1

bh
mm
Kg
cm

87.587

Kg

1.496

bh

Ng =
=
=
Ntp =
=
=

0.25
0.25

.
.
5024

d .
.
2

3.14

1600

1600

Kg
t
.

1.8

.
.

0.8

4608

Ng > Ntp maka, Ntp lah yang menentukan


n

D
Ntp

87.587
4608

0.019

bh

PERHITUNGAN KOLOM
>

>

Data - data Konstruksi :


Berat gording
Kemiringan atap ( )
Bentang Kuda - kuda ( B )
Jarak bagin Kuda - kuda
Jarak antar kolom
Penutup atap
Penggantung Plafond
Tinggi kolom ( h )
Jarak gording

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

13.4
30
25 m
3.125 m
4.5 m
Asbes Gelombang
18 Kg.cm
5m
A
3.609
=
L
4.5

10.3 Kg.cm

0.802

Pembebanan
beban gording
= 4 .

13.4

4.5

241.200 Kg.cm

beban atap dan plafond


= 28 .
3.609

4.5

459.548 Kg.cm

beban kuda - kuda


= 27 .
3.609

4.5

438.438 Kg.cm

131.531 Kg.cm

=
=

100.000 Kg.cm
1370.72 Kg.cm

sambungan dan perlengkapan


= 30 %
438.438
beban hidup
P

Perhitungan reaksi kolom :

P
P

RA

RA
25

MA = 0
- RB . 25

9.4 +

- RB

25

25

- RB

25

112.50

112.50
P
25

RB =

112.50
25

RA = RB =
=
=

4.5
4.5

.
.
6168.231

Pendimensian kolom
tinggi kolom ( h )
kolom Bj 37
N

=
=
=

Dicoba menggunakan profil


t1 =
9
t2 =
14
A =
101.5
ix =
14.6
iy =
6
Wx =
1280
Wy =
292

mm
mm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

g =
=
3.14
=
111.016
x
g

19

3.1

19

21.9

4.5

15.6

15.6

P
1370.72

5m
1600
Kg.cm
6168.231

500

mm

WF 350 . 250

arah tegak lurus sumbu x


k = 1
L
ky
x =
ix

s=

21.9

=
(
(

L
ix

e
2.1

/
.

34.247
111.016

0.7
Te
10

.
500
14.6
)
/

34.2466

0.7 .

0.308

2400

13

13

9.4 +

+ 3.1 )=0

untuk

0.183

Wx =

<

<

1.41
-

1.593

1 maka
=

1.41
-

1.593

0.308

1.098

`
=

E
.

nx
nx - 1

290.502
290.502
-1

nx

Bx

=
=
=

0.6
0.6
0.6

Mx =
=
=

A
x

+
+

0.4
0.4

arah tegak lurus sumbu x


k = 1
L
ky
y =
iy

y
g

s=
untuk

0.183

Wy =

.
6168.231

(
(

e
2.1

<

1.41
-

1.593

2.1E+09
= 290.502
7234273

2.1E+09
=
4.3E+07

/
.

500

500

0.7
Te
10

83.333
111.016

10
101.5
34.247

iy

=
<

1.003

.
.

Mx1/Mx2
0

g =
=
3.14
=
111.016

=
.
.

0.125
.
0.125
.
385514.4089

.
2.1
6168.231

3.14

)
/

0.7 .

83.3333

2400

0.751

1 maka
=

1.41
-

1.593

0.751

1.674

`
=

ny
ny - 1

ny

E
.

A
x

49.062
49.062
-1

Cek persamaan interaksi


a)
N
Wx
A
1.098
247.417

Bx

1.021

ny
ny - 1

6168.231
101.5
Kg.cm

.
2.1
6168.231

3.14

+
<

.
.

10
101.5
83.333

Mx
Wx

<

0.6

385514.4089
1280

1600

Kg.cm

<

1600

Kg.cm

49.062

b)

Wx

N
A

<

1.674
101.723
c)

N
A

6168.231
101.5

<

1600

Kg.cm

<

1600

Mx
Wx

<

6168.231
101.5

Profil

P'C
Fp =
=
=

0.35
0.35
1.05

A perlu =
=
=

P / FP

<

.
cm

=
=

1600

1600

10

6168.231
3 ksi
.
.

<

Kg.cm

bisa dipakai.

Pelat dasar kolom pada pondasi


1 kip
=
4.536
1 m
=
6.452
Beban aksial ( P )

385514.4089
1280

Kg.cm

WF 350 . 250

Kg.cm

361.954

Kg.cm

Kg

1359.839

P'C
3

kgi

1359.839
1295.085

Profil yang digunakan adalah


A =
101.5
cm
d =
34
cm
b =
25
cm

1.05

WF 350 . 250

menentukan lebar ( B ) dan panjang ( N ) pelat dimana harus memenuhi syarat :


B x N

5590.486

cm

Kg.cm

untuk pemilihan B dan N sedemikian hingga perbedaan ( selisih ) diantara keduanya mendekati :
0.92 d - 0.80 b
0.92
. 34

0.8

25

11.28

cm

dicoba berbagai gaya B dan N sebagai berikut :


B x N

5590.486

B
75
75
71
70

cm

N
76
78
80
83

Was
5700
5694
5680
5740

gunakan B = 70 dan N =
tekanan aktual adalah
P
Fp =
B .
N

selisih
1
3
9
13

83
6168.231
70 .

83

1.062

Kg.cm

hitung M dan N
M

N - 0.95 d
2

N - 0.80 d
2

hitung tebal pelat ( tp )


tp = N
(
=
25
(
=
1.052

FP

83

0.95
2

34

70

0.80
2

25

/ 0.25 Fy
1.062
/
1 cm

)
0.25

jadi, pelat landasan yang dipakai adalah

25.35

cm

25

cm

2400

70

250
)

.
=

83

Menentukan jumlah baut


pada kolom digunakan profil
diameter baut =
2
diameter lubang =
e1 = 2 d
= 2 .
s = 3 d
= 3 .
Ng =
=
=

14

WF
+

.
9

350
/

23

24 mm

24

48

24

72

0.25
.
0.25
.
7234.56

3.14
Kg

d .
.
2.4

.
2

1600

.
23

14
mm

Ntp =
=
=

t
.

2.4

0.9

1600

3456

Ng > Ntp maka, Ntp lah yang menentukan


n

P
Ntp

6168.231
3456

1.785

bh

Cek kekuatan baut :


untuk mengetahui kuat atau tidaknya baut menahan suatu beban harus memenuhi syarat berikut :
0.8 x
1600
Kg.cm
P
2 . 1/4 . . d . 3

0.25

6168.231
3.14

227.362 Kg.cm

0.8

227.362 Kg.cm

1280
OOOOKKKKKEEEEYYY

2.4 .
x

1600
Kg.cm

Kg.cm