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CLIENT : TECNIMONT A/C NFL, NANGAL YAMUNA NAGAR INDIA Designed by: PZG EQPT. : JOB NO.

MOLECULAR SIEVE DRYER PV-363/364 DR NO. DR-PV363 B PAGE: REV.

BOLT TORQUE REQUIRED FOR SEALING FLANGES Ref: Procedure No. 2-10 pg. no. 59, Pressure Vessel Design Manual by Dennis Moss, 3rd edition. DESIGN DATA Flange size = 30" ID x Class 600 LWNRTJ Design pressure P = 46.6 kg/cm2 = 46.6 x 9.80665 / 100 = 4.57 N/mm2 PT Test pressure = 60.827 kg/cm2 = 60.827 x 9.80665 / 100 = 5.965 N/mm2 Moment M = 166.594 kN-m = 166.594 x 1000 x 1000 = 166594000 N-mm Pr Radial load = 152.2 kN = 152.2 x 1000 = 152200 N Friction factor K = 0.3 Design temperature = 295 C GASKET DATA

Type Width of ring joint gasket (As per B 16.20) Gasket factor (As per ASME Sec VIII Div 1 Table 2-5.1) Gasket unit seating load (As per ASME Sec VIII Div 1 Table 2-5.1) Modulus of elasticity of gasket material at temperature (As per Sec. II Part D Table TM-1) Thickness of gasket Diameter at location of gasket load reaction (As per B 16.20) BOLTING DATA Material Nominal size Quantity Root diameter of threads (As per B 18.2)

w m y Eg

= = = =

Octagonal Ring R-95 (5Cr-1/2 Mo) 19.05 mm 6 150 N/mm2 195300 N/mm2

tg G

= =

8.045 mm 857.25 mm

n d

= = = = = =

SA-193 B16 (1Cr-1/2Mo-V) 2" UN8 28 1.8466 in 1.8466 x 25.4 46.904 mm

CLIENT : TECNIMONT A/C NFL, NANGAL YAMUNA NAGAR INDIA Designed by: PZG EQPT. : JOB NO. MOLECULAR SIEVE DRYER PV-363/364 DR NO. DR-PV363 B PAGE: REV.

Pitch diameter of threads (As per B 18.2) Modulus of elasticity of bolting material at temperature (As per Sec. II Part D Table TM-1) Cross-sectional area of bolts

dm

Eb

= = = =

1.9188 in 1.9188 x 25.4 48.738 mm 186400 N/mm2

Ab

= = = = = =

d2 n
4
( x 46.904 ^ 2 x 28 ) / 4 48380.202 mm2 1.9688 in 1.9688 x 25.4 50.008 mm

Thickness of nut (As per B 18.2)

tn

Dimension (refer above figure) Effective length of bolt, mid nut to mid nut Equivalent Pressure

x lb

Pe

= = = = = = = = =

285.56 mm

x tn
16 M 4 Pr P 3 G G2
( 16 x 166594000 ) / ( x 857.25 ^ 3 ) + ( 4 x 152200 ) / ( x 857.25 ^ 2 ) + 4.57 6.181 N/mm2 285.56 + 50.008 335.568 mm

Hydrostatic end force

G 2 Pe
4

Total joint-contact-surface compression load Minimum required bold load for gasket seating Actual joint are contact for gasket

Hp

Wm2 Ag

= = = = = =

2 w G m Pe

( x 857.25 ^ 2 x 6.181 ) / 4 3567497 N

2 x 19.05 x x 857.25 x 6 x 6.181 3805330.1 N wG y 7695619.8 N

2 w G

2 w G
= =
YAMUNA NAGAR INDIA Designed by: PZG

2 x x 19.05 x 857.25 102608.27 mm2

CLIENT : TECNIMONT A/C NFL, NANGAL EQPT. : JOB NO. MOLECULAR SIEVE DRYER PV-363/364 DR NO. DR-PV363 B PAGE: REV.

Decreasing compression force in gasket

1
=

H Ab Eb t g Ag E g lb

Initial required tightening force (tension) Total tightening force required to seal joint

Fbo

Required torque

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

3567496.967 / ( 1 + ( 48380.202 x 186400 x 8.045 ) / ( 102608.265 x 195300 x 335.568 ) ) 3529418.7 N H p F 3805330.098 + 3529418.655 7334748.8 N Max Fbo,Wm 2 Max ( 7334748.753 , 7695619.839 ) 7695619.8 N 7695619.839 / 1000 7695.62 kN

K W d m n

4018597.7 N-mm 4018597.711 / ( 1000 x 1000 ) 4.019 kN-m

1 0

2 0

/ ( x 857.25 ^ 3 ) + x 857.25 ^ 2 ) + 4.57

3 0

( 48380.202 x 186400