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acero - "steel", another word for the matador's sword acometida - swift charge of bull, rapid and violent

movement acoso - spilling young bulls in countyside with blunt lance adorno - a pose, such as touching bulls horns after series of passes afarolado - pass where the muleta is passed over man's head as bull charges by afeitar - "to shave", to illegally shorten bull's horns aficion - the love of bullfighting, aficionados as a group aficionado - fan of bullfighting aficionado practico - a fan who also practices as an amateur torero aguantar - to remain motionless before unexpected attack of the bull ajustarse - to fight the bull very close. alarde - showing off, turning back on bull, touching horns, etc alegrar - to excite the bull to attack. alegria - the seeming enjoyment of matador or bull aliar - fighting with the muleta without adornment or artistic intent. apuntillar - the act of administering the puntilla aragonesa - pass like the gaonera but bull behind man rather than to one side arandela - metal ring on shaft of pica which stops it penetrating too far arena - "sand", another term for bullring areneros - men who smooth sand over prior to release of bull armadura - "armour", the bull's horns armamento - "armament",

the bull's horns arpon - "harpoon", the barb of metal on a banderilla arranada - the attack of the bull arrimarse - matador fighting with great courage and truly doing his best arroba - about 25 pounds, an old method of estimating a bull's weight arrucina - pass invented by Arruza, muleta held in right hand behind legs asta - horn astifino - thin, pointed horns astigordo - thick horns astillado - splintered horns atravesada - sword thrust which enters at an angle atropellado - trampled aviso - warning given to the matador that he is taking too much time ayudado - "helped", pass where muleta is helped with the sword in other hand bajo, pase por - low pass designed to keep bull's head down bajonazo - a safe, unfair sword thrust low in bull's neck banderilla - 75cm darts with vari-colored paper and a barbed harpoon banderillas negras - (black banderillas) used when bull does not charge horse banderillero - matador's assistant who places the banderillas barrenar - when picador "drills" or twists pica to deepen wound barrera - fence encircling the bull ring, also first row of seats bramar - to bellow, considered cowardly in a bull bravo - wild brega, capote de - technical name for the magenta cape brionesa - cape pass invented by Briones, same as pase de pecho with muleta brocho - horns curved close

together bronca - strong demonstration of disapproval by the crowd cacho, fuera del, - passing the bull but keeping away from the horns the barrera and the spectators' stands cambiado - movement in a direction other than the natural one cambio - "change" of direction of bull's charge/asking for change of a tercio canal, en - wight of a bull after being dressed by the butchers capa - "cape", magenta and yellow/blue or reference to bull's coat capote - same as capa, sometimes called capote de brega capote de paseo - special dress cape worn by toreros on foot in the paseillo cargar la suerte - matador's action/follow-through with bull's line of charge Cemsl - to pass the bull very close chicuelina - pass invented by Chicuelo, cape is pulled in tight against body cintas - red cloth wound around matador's sword citar - to provoke the bull to attack clavar - to place the banderillas coger - to catch or to toss cogida - a tossing cojo - lame cola - another word for bull's tail, also queue of people for tickets coleta - torero's pigtail, nowadays artificial concurso - "competition" bullfight between ganaderias to find the best bull confirmacion - the confirmation of an

alternativa in Madrid or Mexico City contrabarrera - the second row of seats in the bullring cornada - a goring, a horn wound corniabierto - wide and open horns corniadelatero - forward-set horns cornicorto - short horns corrida - bullfight where bulls are at least four years old corral - enclosure at bullring where bulls are kept after arriving from ranch correr la mano - "to run the hand", prolonging a onehanded pass cortar la coleta - "to cut the pigtail", to retire from bullfighting cortas - short banderillas coso - old term for bullring cruz - the highest part of the bu]l's back or withers. cuadrar - "to square" the bull's feet ready for the kill cuadrilla - the matadors's team of three banderilleros and two picadors cuna - "cradle" between the bull's horns where one is safer when being tossed cuarteo, al - the commonest method of placing banderillas cuerno - horn delanteras - front rows of tendidos and gradas derechazo - a right-hand pass with the muleta derribo - knocking over bulls in the wild with a blunt lance derrote - an upward thrust of the bull's head desafiar - "to defy", when bull paws the ground and backs up before charging desarmar - "to disarm", when bull tears the muleta out of the matador's hand descabellar - method of killing bull by stabbing it in the back of the neck descabello - straight sword with crosspiece near end of blade

despedida - the farewell performance of a matador desplante - a pose where the bull is being dared to gore the torero diestro - another term for matador director de lidia - the "combat director", the senior matador on a cartel entrar a matar - to "enter for the kill" espada - "sword", also another term for a matador estatuario - statuesque muleta pass estocada - the plunging of the estoque sword into the bull. estoque - curved sword used for killing estribo - the small step or platform jutting out from the barrera faena - all the work done with the muleta in the last part of the bullfight faja - torero's sash farol - two-handed cape pass where it is flipped over and round man's head fiesta brava - the "wild feast", another term for the bullfight fijar - to fix bull's attention or to place it in a spot firma, pase de la - pass of Granero where muleta is snatched from bull's face flamear - to shake or wave cape to attract bull's attention flojo - "weak", a bull without much power forcado - member of a Portuguese team which wrestle with bull fracaso - calamity or failure, used to refer to a flop performance franela - "flannel", another name for the muleta frente por detras, de - pass where cape is brought forward from behind back fundon - large leather case containing matador's swords and muleta sticks

gaonera - pass where cape is held to one side behind matador's back igualar - to place bull in best position for the kill indulto - "pardon" granted to a bull for exceptional bravery lance - any cape pass, but generally a veronica larga - a pass where the cape is gathered in one hand and then thrown out larga cambiada - a cape pass usually done while kneeling lidia - "combat", everything done with the bull from start to finish maestro - used to describe an experienced matador mandar - to dominate the bull manoletina - muleta is held behind one's back and lifted over bull's head mariposa - "butterfly", a spectacular pass with cape held behind one's back matador de toros - "killer of bulls" mayoral - ranch foreman who usually accompanies the bulls to the ring media estocada - when the sword enters the bull with only half the blade media veronica - pass where the cape is gathered up on the hip, ending series querencia - area of the ring chosen by the bull where it feels secure medios, los - the centre part of the ring metisaca - where the sword is thrust into the bull and pulled out again m irando al publico - cape or muleta pass performed while looking at the crowd

molinete - muleta pass where matador spins round after the horns have passed muerte, pase de la - "pass of death", matador stands motionless, muleta high muleta - red flannel cloth with stick inserted, used during faena muletazo - a muleta pass paletazo - a blow struck with the flat of the horn palos - "sticks", another word for banderillas palmas - "palms" of hands, hand claps panuelo - "handkerchief" used to petition trophies and by President to signal parar - "to stop", to stand motionless as bull charges by parte facultivo - medical bulletin on the condition of an injured torero pase - a cape or muleta pass paseo - as paseillo pasodble - style of music played by bullring bands pecho, pase de - "chest pass", muleta at chest height as bull passes pendulo - "pendulum" pass, muleta held behind back and moved back and forth perfilarse - "to profile", to position oneself for the kill perpendicular - a sword thrust which penetrates at a near 90 degree angle peso - the weight of the bull peto - mattress-like protection worn since 1928 by picador's horse pica - picador's lance picar - to wound the bull with the lance picador - lancer whose job it is to weaken bull's neck muscles pinchazo - "prick", an unsuccessful sword thrust piton - the point of a bulls horn pitos - whistles, signifies a crowd's displeasure plaza de toros - the bullring plaza

partida - bullring divided in half with different fights in each half poder a poder - style of placing banderillas, meeting bull almost head on presidente - controller of the bullfight, usually a town official pundonor - point of honour, depth of feeling of a matador puntazo - a light horn puncture wound or scratch puntilla - small dagger used by banderilleros to kill a downed bull puntillero - the banderillero who uses the puntilla puya - the point of a picador's lance puyazo - the wound given by the puya quiebro, al - "on the dodge" style of placing banderillas at last moment quite - pass to turn attention of bull or passes following a pic rabo - bull's tail raya - chalk lines around the ring recibiendo - "receiving", bull's charge is provoked when killing recorte - any pass where the bull is turned so sharply it comes to a stop redondel - "circle", another word for the arena redondo, en - to pass the bull all around in a circle reglamento - official "rule" of bullfighting set by government rejon de castigo - lance used by rejoneador, top breaks off after placing rejon de muerte - lance used by rejoneador for the kill rejoneador - one who fights the bull from horseback, Portuguese-style rejoneo - a bullfight where the bull is fought from horseback remate - a finishing pass to a series of passes res - animal, beast revolera - a swirling remate pass with the cape

revendadores - ticket touts or scalpers revista - a review or a review magazine rodillas, de - a pass done while kneeling ruedo - the ring salida - entrance of bull into the ring or exit of bull from a pass salida en hombros - leaving the bullring on the shoulders of the crowd saltillo - when the bull jumps out of the ring semental - bull used for stud sen~al - ear-mark given to bull to distinguish its ranch sentado - "seated", pass given or banderillas placed while seated in a chair sentido - "sensed", the way the bull learns quickly during the fight serio - "serious", a bull witha stern face and good set of horns serpentina - "serpentine", a swirling cape pass sesgo, al - entering bull's terrrain to place banderillas sin verguenza - "without shame", describes a cynical performance by a matador sitio - "place", emplacement of bull sobrero - substitute bull after a bull is rejected sobresaliente - substitute matador in case one retires injured sol - "sun", the sunny less expensive side of the arena sombra - "shade", the shaded more expensive side of the arena sorteo - the drawing of lots to choose bulls by matadors' representatives soso - "dull", the perfomance of either bull or matador suave - "smooth", an ideal bull that charges clean amd straight subalterno - a member of a matador's team suerte - refers to either "luck" or an act of the bullfight suerte contraria - exiting

from the kill towards the middle of the ring suerte natural - exiting from the kill nearer towards the fence tablas - "boards", the outer rim of the ring taleguilla - torero's trousers tanda - a set or series of passes tantear - "to test", the first passes of a faena to see how the bull charges taurino - pertaining to bullfighting tauromaquia - the science of bullfighting telefono - a pose where the matador rest his elbow on the bull's forehead temeroso - a timid bull unwilling to charge templar - "to moderate", to move the cape or muleta very slowly/smoothly temple - usimg smoothness and rhythm temporada - the bullfighting season (March to October in Spain) tendidos - section of seats directly behind the barrera/contrabarrera seats tentadero - the testing of calves for bravery (also tienta) tercio - "a third", the divisions of the arena or the three acts of the fight terreno - "terrain", both of the bull and the man testigo - the matador who acts as a witness at an alternativa testuz - bull's forehead tiempo, a un - matador and bull move forward at same time during the kill tienta - the testing of calves (also tentadero) tope - wooden shaft at base of puya, wrapped in cord toreador - archaic name for torero, not used these days torear - to bullfight toreo - art/style of bullfighting toreo de salon - "bullfighting in the living room", practising with no bull torero - a generic term for

bullfighter toril - the place from where the bull comes into the ring toro - the bull, Bos Taurus Ibericus toros, los - Spanish term for bullfight or bullfighting traje de luces - "suit of lights", the costume of the torero trapio - the general physical aspect of the bull, how smart looking it is trasera - "rear", a sword thrust too far back in the bull trastos - "tools", the implements for killing, the muleta and sword tremendismo - almost foolhardy brave style which gets the spectators excited tremendista - a matador or novillero who uses tremendismo trincherazo - right-handed muleta pass trofeo - "trophy" such as the ears or tail of the bull trotar - to trot tuerto - "oneeyed", a bull with defective vision tumbo - a fall taken by a picador utrero - a bull between two and three years old vaca - cow valiente - "valiant", very brave vaquero - herdsman vara - picador's lance varetazo - a blow with horn but not a wound veronica - the fundamental two-handed cape pass named after St.Veronica viento - "wind", the torero's worst enemy after the bull volapie - "flying feet", man runs toward the bull with sword to kill it volcandose - throwing oneself over the horns to kill the bull voltereta - when the bull tosses a torero through the air vuelta - a lap of the ring by the matador or dead bull zapatillas - torero's shoes