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How activism in PUP works Students/activists making noise for their rights in front of the PUP building the

e so called popeye is nothing new to most PUPians. It has been a routine for them to either inform or entice students to know about the present issues or the past as well that are, actually, has a big effect on them. But if looking at other limelight, from shouting to vandalizing on the corners of the university, are these ways and actions conducive in resolving such problems? Basically, as a PUPian that is in need of services the government lacks to provide, the answer to this is yes. Activism is not a waste of effort or a waste of time if being done for a goal. Being a student and activist on the other side doesnt mean that we are pushing aside our main purpose to be in an institution to be a student pursuing hard to gain a degree. Lets just say student activists are kinds of individuals who have a wide range of cognizance and a high level of eagerness to express their insights and perspective about what they think is going beyond the limit of their rights not only for their own rights but as well as the students they are fighting for also. Rolling around the United Colleges Building from North to South wing is one of their ways not to distract but to let some inquisitive students know what they are really into. Having a short program in popeye is not like a noontime show that after watching it, it will vanish in your mind and just wait for tomorrows episode. It is a program that will help you fill in your curiosity about issues that you ought to know. Its not just like wasting your effort and breaking your legs by walking from the PUP campus to Mendiola wherein lots of universities especially SUCs are united as one for a common goal. Well, for those who thinks that these form of actions are nonsense at all, for me, it is better to move up on your seat and perspire even more for a significant purpose than to stop and stare on my window doing nothing and just let repressions or whatever it is that breaks our rights and freedom happen. People who laugh at the iskolar ng bayanlumalaban! chant never know that it contributed a lot in opening the minds of those in the throne of authority and power about the needs of the masses that they lack to provide. Activism in PUP has been a big help for almost 5000 freshmen last school year. Through the help of organizations like the SKM,SAMASA and LFS, many who lack financial resources but have high potentials and capabilities of being a true iskolar ng bayan were able to enter PUP. Also, through the effort of these activists, PUP was able to maintain its student-friendly service the Php12 per unit tuition fee. No other institution can provide this kind of service to students. Just this last semester, the most waited moment of The Catalyst and SKM to be included in the enrolment process through SIS has been granted not only by the Board of Regents but undeniably, again, by the help of different organizations united as one. These stepping-stones of student activists to end student repression are all advantageous, indeed. Another one, and one of the most important things was about the budget cut on SUCs. Last year, I have experienced marching along from Espana boulevard to the Senate in Pasay City and I

can say that it isn't a waste of time and effort because I can see the vision of every iskolar ng bayan - from PUP to UP - existing in my head. Students who think that activism is a commotion on PUPs reputation should think outside the box. Activism is not a crime. Its some kind of eagerness of protecting people from negative effects of policies being implemented by selfish people (you know who they are). Do something significant and sweat even more! Youll see at the end of the day, everything was worth it.

Student activism v. 2010 Are the rabid Makibaka days of the 70s back on our campuses today? By RACHEL C. BARAWID April 21, 2010, 12:37pm

Many in the academic community condemn the violent protests that took place recently at their campuses and at the CHED office but student activists justify their acts as a last resort to air their grievances. Chair burning. Paint throwing. Effigies set on fire. Slogan screaming. Unadulterated violence. No, these are not scenes created by adult dissidents, but by radical Filipino students of today. Last month, people witnessed violent on-campus protests that led to the destruction of property at the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and the paint bombing of University of the Philippines Los Banos (UPLB) Chancellor Luis Rey Velasco at UP Diliman. The gates of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) office were also destroyed by uncontrollably outraged students. Surprised at such a show of hatred and aggression, many thought that student activists have totally gone out of control. But the League of Filipino Students (LFS), one of the largest student activist organizations in the country, looks at these forms of protest not as a knee-jerk reaction to issues, but as a result of a series of rejections for dialogue with the concerned parties. THE BURNING ISSUE IN PUP At PUP, the throwing of chairs and tables from the fifth and sixth floor of a building and their subsequent burning last March 19 stemmed from the proposed tuition fee increase from P12 to P200 per unit for freshmen taking laboratory-intensive courses such as Engineering and Architecture. Damages to school property allegedly amounted to half a million pesos. Five students involved in the incident were detained but were freed later on. LFS chair Terry Ridon downplayed that cost, saying that they burned chairs that were considered scraps already. The students are not that stupid to burn chairs that are still usable, alam naman nila yung plight ng PUP eh, Ridon says.

Dr. Dante Guevarra, PUP president, says youth activism has indeed become more aggressive. While students are entitled to express their opinions freely, he believes that it should be done peacefully and in consideration of other students welfare. Destroying school property is never the right form of expression. We encourage academic freedom in PUP but there are instances that the protests affect our program like the tuition fee increase. Had they not protested it, it could have generated as much as 50 million pesos a year in income. That could be used for infrastructure building and the purchase of laboratory equipment, explains Dr. Guevarra. For the past 32 years, PUP has not increased its tuition fee amid its meager budget of P660 million a year. It offers the lowest tuition fee for its thousands of students from the marginalized sector of the society. Before the violence occurred, Dr. Guevarra says they were open to dialogue. But the student leaders were apparently not serious in communicating with him. We hold dialogues before we implement changes but they are wise. My records will show na hindi sila dumadating sa mga meeting. Nung minsan naman nagkaroon kami ng dialogue they didnt want to talk about the tuition increase but about their funds in the student council. May kapilyuhan nang konti, says Dr. Guevarra. LFS chair Ridon justifies the action. This is a bread and butter issue. Tuition fee increases in a school composed of less fortunate and poorer students mean a lot will not be able to study anymore, points out Ridon, a senior law student at UP Diliman. But Ridon says the real issue is the fight for the proper allocation of resources by government, and the long-overdue increase in budget for state universities and colleges. DROPPING THE BOMB AT UP Over at UP Diliman, UPLB Chancellor Luis Rey Velasco turned literally green when paint bombs were pelted at him (and his car) by student protesters. While Velasco considers the attack as a barbaric act by irrational, unthinking rabid persons, LFS Ridon thinks otherwise and defends the paint bombing. Forms of protests like that are relegated to the most rabid, and to a certain extent, sinful persons. Weve done it against Gen. Esperon in 2006 during the time two UP students were abducted. He went to UP to justify abductions and human rights violations of the regime. Tinapunan siya talaga ng itlog. Chancellor Velasco was pelted with paint bombs to express outrage for the years of repression and vilification of student organizations. In the last two years, I think he suspended the UPLB Student Council and the student publication, delayed the appointment of the Student Regent, and is also now responsible for the ousting of that particular Student Regent from UPLB precisely because he was sitting on her registration request papers, Ridon laments. He also accused Velasco of being responsible for the vilification campaign against progressive organizations, student councils and publications, alleging they are fronts of the communist party at UPLB.

Chancellor Velasco vehemently denies any of these charges, saying these were totally baseless and irresponsible statements. According to Velasco, he was not responsible for the ousting of Student Regent and senior UPLB Comm Arts student Charisse Baez. He says Baez had pending cases with the Student Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT) that prevented her from graduating in April 2009. Baez also reportedly failed to file a Leave of Absence (LOA) for the second semester of 2009, despite reminders by the CAS dean, the CAS Office of the College Secretary (CAS-OCS). Banez request for late filing of residency was disapproved by Velasco for alleged lack of valid reason. A subsequent request for an LOA was also denied because she wasnt able to meet the necessary requirements. Velasco also denies accusations that he repressed and vilified student organizations at UPLB, nor suspended the student council and student publication. Student welfare has been one of the priority agenda under my administration. We have increased safety and security measures on campus and have significantly reduced campus violence. We have never prevented students to organize themselves into protest rallies and openly expressing their opinions, even if many of these bordered on defamation, he says, also lambasting the failure of students to properly account for at least Php1.2 million in funds collected in connection with the UP February Fair. Despite the assault on him, Velasco has not filed any charges against the protesters. THE PRINCIPLE OF LOCO PARENTIS No matter how violent students get, PUP president Dr. Guevarra says administrators should still be considerate and reasonable in dealing with the protesters, upholding the principle of loco parentis because they are their second fathers and mothers. Kahit gusto mo silang bigyan ng leksiyon, andun pa rin yung element na titignan mo sila bilang estudyante, bilang anak ng mahirap, at mamamayan ng Pilipinas. At the same time titignan mo yung kasalanan nila, you have to weigh it. You shouldnt treat them as common criminals because pag ganon mawawala yung elemento na they are in an educational institution and the one dispensing justice is an educator. Iba ang treatment kasi second parent ka nila, anak mo sila. Pag binanatan mo yan kaagad eh baka lalo lang mapasama yung bata. Hindi puedeng basta expelled, ipakulong o posasan yan. Kasi pag ginawa mo yun, hindi ka na educator, you have become a jail warden, says Gueverra. Ridon, on the other hand, stresses student activists know the art of self restraint, except on occasions when there are continuous rejection of calls for dialogue in complete equality between the parties. Student activists police their ranks, we plan our actions, but if we are forced to up the ante of protests particularly in repressive circumstances, we will have to force the matter or to bring it to the fore of a national debate, says Ridon, a former UP Student Regent.

Mary Grace V. Mora, a sophomore Journalism student at PUP believes violence will not solve any problem because it doesnt go to the root of the matter. Students, she says, must know what self-expression and academic freedom are all about. Sure, we are entitled to practice our rights but running amok isnt one of them. We are entitled to practice our rights in the same way that we need to attend to our responsibilities. A peaceful approach to express grievances is always the best way. The government, on the other hand, should think of alternative ways to augment the university budget, proper ways that would not stoke the rage of activists to the point of violating the law, she ends.

Ang sosyolohiya ay ang pag-aaral ng mga alituntunin ng lipunan at mga proseso na binibigkis at hinihiwalay ang mga tao di lamang bilang mga indibiduwal kundi bilang kasapi ng mga asosasyon, grupo, at institusyon. Tinatawag ito sa isang kahulugan sa tipikong aklat na ang pag-aaral sa mga buhay panlipunan ng mga tao, grupo, at lipunan. Interesado ang sosyolohiya sa ating pag-uugali bilang nilalang na marunong makisama; sa ganitong paraan sinasakop ng nagustuhang larangan sa sosyolohiya mula sa pagsusuri ng maiikling pakikitungo sa pagitan ng di magkakilalang indibiduwal sa daan hanggang sa pag-aaral ng proseso ng pandaigdigang lipunan.

Kahalagahan ng sosyolohiya mahalagang aspeto sa kasaysayan ang pag-aaral ng sosyolohiya sapagkat sa pamamagitan ng mga teorya at praktika mula rito ay higit na mauunawaan kung bakit ang mga mamamayan ay umaayon o hindi umaayon sa paraan ng pamahalaan ng isang pinuno o pagpapatupad sa batas.

Environmental Factors of Learning: The influence of environment begins since the time of the conception of the child in the womb of the mother. Foetus in the womb is influenced by mother's mental, physical and emotional conditions. The external environment starts from the time of birth of the child. The external environment refers to the surroundings which prevail in home, school and locality. At these places the child interacts with other members of the family, teachers' classmates or peers and neighbours. He establishes relationship with them. Some of the environmental factors are as under: Surroundings: Chief surroundings are as under: (1) Natural surroundings:

Natural surrounding covers the climatic and atmospheric conditions. For a limited time, humidity and high temperature can be tolerated but prolonged humidity and high temperature become unbearable. They decrease mental efficiency. The intellectual productivity and creativeness of people living in hot regions are much low. Likewise, the morning time is always better for mastering difficult tasks. Studies on the academic progress of evening school students show losses of efficiency varying from one to six percent. (2) Social surroundings: Social surroundings Includes especially the environment of home, school and locality. Learning is affected by physical conditions at home such as large family, small family (specific family of the study) insufficient ventilation, improper lighting, uncomfortable temperature, noisy home environment due to use of radio, and TV etc. The socio-emotional factors such as child rearing practices, reward and punishment, scope for freedom in activities are decision making play and study facilities, disorganization and discord among birth positions such as eldest or youngest child has his definite influence on learning.

The environment affects teaching and learning, especially in the area of behavior. A behavior, i.e., something that a student is doing, happens within the context of what is happening around the student. The environment gives the student signals about when to act and how to act. Knowing the ways the environment can affect behavior will help you when trying to teach students new behaviors or modify the ways they use their current behaviors. Environmental conditions include factors associated with one's location, activities, people in the surrounding area, schedules, and/or events. With regard to location, some people are more likely to act one way in certain areas. Working with students, you may notice that their behaviors are more likely to happen in the resource room or the playground Minnesota Department of Education

Our environment is our habitation in the fullest sense. Not only our physical surrounding but also the people around us, social customs and traditions, culture, education and training all constitute our environment. Educational Psychology

The university is well-known for its student activism. Activists have played significant role throughout the university. Staged demonstrations and rallies within the campus are frequent, although only a number of people are known to participate, but the total figure swells up on the event of a larger uprising. Vandalism in the campus is also frequent, and oftentimes student activists are responsible for all these. PUP also has many student groups focused on political reform. The university also has a variety of partisan groups ranging from liberal toconservative, and several third party organizations. Given the university's proximity to theMalacaan Palace, activists often stage rallies or demonstrations at the palace grounds, especially at Mendiola Street.

ISSN 2072-7925 Can the physical environment have an impact on the learning environment? CELE Exchange 2010/13 OECD 2010

By Peter C. Lippman, JCJ Architecture, New York p.2

Twenty-first century learning environments are envisioned as places where the learner is engaged in self-directed and co-operative learning activities, and the physical environment is planned so that it can be routinely re-organised to mediate learning (Partnership for 21st Century Skills, 2002)

Practice theory recognises that the learner and the learning environment are active (Dent-Read and Zukow-Goldring, 1997). In the constructivist setting, students learn from their own discoveries, whereas with practice theory learners are transformed and shaped by their transactions alongside others and their physical settings e/46413458.pdf