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4 C hannel Por t abl Audi M i er C cui D gr am e o x r i t i a

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4 Channel Portable Audio Mixer


Author: Circuit Projects Category: Audio And Music
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The target of this project was the design of a small portable mixer supplied by a 9V PP3 battery, keeping high quality performance. The mixer is formed assembling three main modules that can be varied in number and/or disposition to suit everyone needs. The three main modules are:

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In put Amplifier M odule: a low noise circuit equipped with a variable voltagegain (10 - 100) preset, primarily intended as high quality microphone input, also

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4 C hannel Por t abl Audi M i er C cui D gr am e o x r i t i a

suitable for low-level line input.

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Ton e Con trol M odule: a three-band (Bass, Middle, Treble) tone control circuit providing unity-gain when its controls are set to flat frequency response. It can be inserted after one or more Input Amplifier Modules and/or after the Main Mixer Amplifiers.

M ain M ixer Amplifier M odule: a stereo circuit incorporating two virtual-earth mixers and showing the connection of one Main Fader and one Pan-Pot.

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The image below shows a Block diagram of the entire mixer featuring four Input Amplifier Modules followed by four in-out switchable Tone Control Modules, one stereo Line input, four mono Main Faders, one stereo dual-ganged Main Fader, four Pan-Pots, a stereo Main Mixer Amplifier Module and two further Tone Control Modules switchable in and out for each channel, inserted before the main Left and Right outputs.

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Obviously this layout can be rearranged at everyone wish. An astonishing feature of this design lies in the fact that a complete stereo mixer as shown below in the Block diagram draws less than 6mA current!

Block diagram:

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In put Amplifier M odule Circuit Diagram:

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R1 = 22K - 1/4W Resistor R2 = 22K - 1/4W Resistor R3 = 47K - 1/4W Resistor R4 = 47K - 1/4W Resistor R5 = 47K - 1/4W Resistor R6 = 4K7 - 1/4W Resistor R7 = 22K - 1/4W Resistor R8 = 220R - 1/4W Resistor R9 = 2K - 1/2W Trimmer Cermet (See Notes) R10 = 470K - 1/4W Resistor R11 = 560R - 1/4W Resistor R12 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor R13 = 220R - 1/4W Resistor
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C1 = 470nF - 63V Polyester Capacitor C2 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitor C3 = 22 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C4 = 22 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C5 = 22 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C6 = 47pF - 63V Ceramic Capacitor C7 = 47 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C8 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitor Q1 = BC560C - 45V 100mA Low noise High gain PNP Transistor Q2 = BC550C - 45V 100mA Low noise High gain NPN Transistor IC1 = TL061 - Low current BIFET Op-Amp

Circuit Description :

The basic arrangement of this circuit is derived from the old Quad magnetic pick-up cartridge module. The circuit was rearranged to cope with microphone input and a single-rail low voltage supply. This low-noise, fully symmetrical, two-transistor head amplifier layout, allows the use of a normal FET input Op-Amp as the second gain stage, even for very sensitive microphone inputs. The voltage-gain of this amplifier can be varied by means of R9 from 10 to 100, i.e. 20 to 40dB.

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Notes: R9 can be a trimmer, a linear potentiometer or a fixed-value resistor at will. When voltage-gain is set to 10, the amplifier can cope with 800mV peak-topeak maximum Line levels. Current drawing for one Input Amplifier Module is 600A. Frequency response is 20Hz to 20KHz - 0.5dB. Total Harmonic Distortion measured with voltage-gain set to 100: 2V RMS output = <0.02%> Total Harmonic Distortion measured with voltage-gain set to 10 & 33: 2V RMS output = <0.02%> THD is much lower @ 1V RMS output. Maximum undistorted output voltage: 2.8V RMS.

Ton e Con trol M odule Circuit Diagram:

Parts:

P1 = 100K - Linear Potentiometer P2 = 100K - Linear Potentiometer P3 = 470K - Linear Potentiometer

R1 = 12K - 1/4W Resistor R2 = 12K - 1/4W Resistor R3 = 12K - 1/4W Resistor R4 = 3K9 - 1/4W Resistor R5 = 3K9 - 1/4W Resistor R6 = 1K8 - 1/4W Resistor R7 = 1K8 - 1/4W Resistor R8 = 22K - 1/4W Resistor R9 = 22K - 1/4W Resistor R10 = 560R - 1/4W Resistor R11 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor

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R12 = 220R - 1/4W Resistor

C1 = 1F - 63V Polyester Capacitor C2 = 47nF - 63V Polyester Capacitor C3 = 4n7 - 63V Polyester Capacitor C4 = 22nF - 63V Polyester Capacitor C5 = 4n7 - 63V Polyester Capacitors C6 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitor C7 = 47 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C8 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitor IC1 = TL061 - Low current BIFET Op-Amp

Circuit Description :

This is a straightforward design using the Baxandall-type active circuitry slightly modified to obtain a three-band control. Total voltage gain of this module is 1 when controls are set in their center position.

Notes: Current drawing for one Tone Control Module is 400A. Frequency response is 20Hz to 20KHz - 0.5dB, controls flat. Tone control frequency range: 15dB @ 30Hz; 19dB @ 1KHz; 16dB @ 10KHz. Total Harmonic Distortion measured @ 2V RMS output = <0.012%> THD is below 0.01% @ 1V RMS output. Maximum undistorted output voltage: 2.5V RMS. M ain M ixer Amplifier M odule Circuit Diagram:

Parts:

P1 = 100K - Linear Potentiometer P2 = 10K - Linear Potentiometer R1 = 15K - 1/4W Resistor

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R2 = 15K - 1/4W Resistor R3 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor R4 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor R5 = 22K - 1/4W Resistors R6 = 22K - 1/4W Resistors R7 = 390K - 1/4W Resistor R8 = 390K - 1/4W Resistor R9 = 560R - 1/4W Resistor R10 = 560R - 1/4W Resistor R11 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor R12 = 100K - 1/4W Resistor R13 = 220R - 1/4W Resistor

C1 = 330nF - 63V Polyester Capacitors C2 = 330nF - 63V Polyester Capacitors C3 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitors C4 = 10pF - 63V Ceramic Capacitors C5 = 10pF - 63V Ceramic Capacitors C6 = 47 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitors C7 = 47 - 63V Electrolytic Capacitors C8 = 100F - 25V Electrolytic Capacitors IC1 = TL062 - Low current BIFET Dual Op-Amp

Circuit Description :

The schematic of this circuit is drawn as a stereo unit to better show the input Main Fader and Pan-Pot connections. The TL062 chip contains two TL061 op-amps into the same 8 pin case and is wired as two virtual-earth mixer amplifiers having a voltage gain of about 4, to compensate for losses introduced in the passive Pan-Pot circuitry. Therefore, total voltage-gain is 1. Each channel added to the mixer must include the following additional parts: P1, P2, R1, R2, R3, R4, C1 and C2. These parts must be wired as shown in the above circuit diagram, connecting R3 and R4 to pin #2 and pin #6 of IC1 for Right and Left channel respectively. These IC1 pins are the "virtual-earth mixing points" and can sum together a great number of channels.

Notes: Current drawing for one stereo Main Mixer Amplifier Module is 800A. Frequency response is 20Hz to 20KHz - 0.5dB. Total Harmonic Distortion measured @ 2V RMS output = <0.008%> THD is 0.005% @ 1V RMS output. Maximum undistorted output voltage: 2.8V RMS. Further Parts:

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To parts listed above should be added: one Main on-off SPST switch, a LED used as pilot-light with its dropping 2K2 1/4W series-resistor, DPDT switches to enable or omit Tone Control Modules as shown in the Block diagram, input and output connectors of the type preferred, one stereo dual-gang 100K potentiometer to fade the Stereo Line Input as shown in the Block diagram, battery clip, PP3 9V battery, knobs etc. Source: Red Free Circuit Design

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