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Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters

September 2011
Sheet 35 001

35.0-1

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters

Contents
Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Capacitor Application Considerations Capacitor Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-2 NEC Code Requirements for Capacitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-2 Capacitor Switching Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-3 Installing Capacitors in a Plant Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-5 Locating Capacitors on Reduced Voltage and Multi-Speed Motor Starters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-6 Harmonic Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-7 Capacitor Banks and Transformers Can Cause Resonance . . . . . . . . 35.0-7 Diagnosing a Potential Harmonics Related Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-7 Eliminating Harmonic Problems Passive and Switched Harmonic Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-8 Motor Power Factor Correction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-9 Capacitor Application Tables for Motors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.0-11 600 Volts AC and Below Low Voltage Power Factor Correction Capacitor Banks and Harmonic Filters UNIPUMP Power Factor Correction Capacitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.1-1 Power Factor Correction Capacitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.1-3 Harmonic Filtering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.1-3 UNIPAK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.1-4 Automatic Power Factor Correction Systems AUTOVAR 300 Wall-Mounted up to 300 kVAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-1 AUTOVAR 300 Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-2 AUTOVAR 600 Floor-Mounted up to 1200 kVAR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-3 AUTOVAR 600 Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-6 AUTOVAR Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-8 AUTOVAR Switched Harmonic Filter Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.2-10 Active Harmonic Filter-Harmonic Correction Unit (480V Max.) General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.3-1 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.3-5 Transient-Free Statically Switched Capacitor Bank General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.4-1 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.4-4 Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage UNIVAR XV (5 kV Class) General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.5-1 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.5-4 UNIVAR (15 kV Class) General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.5-6 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.5-7 Autovar MV General Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.6-2 Layout Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.6-6 Specications See Eatons Product Specication Guide, available on CD or on the Web. CSI Format: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 2010 Fixed Power Factor Correction EquipmentLV(UNIVAR) . . . . . . . . . . . Section 16280A Section 23 35 33.11 Switched Power Factor Correction Section 23 35 33.13 EquipmentLV (AUTOVAR) . . . . . . . . . . . Section 16280B Switched Harmonic Filter Section 26 35 26.11 EquipmentLV (AUTOVAR) . . . . . . . . . Section 16280C Switched Power Factor Section 23 35 33.17 CorrectionMV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Section 16280D Switched Capacitor & Harmonic Filter EquipmentMV (AUTOVAR) . . . . . . . . . . Section 16280E Section 23 35 33.19

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CA08104001E

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35.0-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Capacitors

September 2011
Sheet 35 002

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Capacitor Selection
There are two basic types of capacitor installations: individual capacitors on linear or sinusoidal loads, and banks of xed or automatically switched capacitors at the feeder or substation.

Individual vs. Banked Installations


Advantages of individual capacitors at the load:

Improved motor performance due to more efcient power utilization and reduced voltage drops Motors and capacitors can be easily relocated together Easier to select the right capacitor for the load Reduced line losses Increased system capacity

Load Capacity
If feeders or transformers are overloaded, or to add additional load to already loaded lines, correction must be applied at the load. If a facility has surplus amperage, capacitor banks can be installed at main feeders. If load varies a great deal, automatic switching is a good solution.

Advantages of bank installations at the feeder or substation:

Utility Billing
The severity of the local electric utility tariff for power factor will affect payback and ROI. In many areas, an optimally designed power factor correction system will pay for itself in less than two years.

Complete control. Capacitors cannot cause problems on the line during light load conditions No need for separate switching. Motor always operates with capacitor

Lower cost per kVAR Total plant power factor improved reduces or eliminates all forms of kVAR charges Automatic switching ensures exact amount of power factor correction, eliminates overcapacitance and resulting overvoltages

National Electrical Code Requirements for Capacitors


Nameplate kVAR: Tolerance +15, 0%. Discharge resistors: Capacitors rated at 600V and less must reduce the charge to less than 50V within 1 minute of de-energization. Capacitors rated above 600V must reduce the charge within 5 minutes. Continuous operation: Up to 135% rated (nameplate) kVAR, including the effects of 110% rated voltage (121% kVAR), 15% capacitance tolerance and harmonic voltages over the fundamental frequency (60 Hz). Dielectric strength test: Twice the rated AC voltage (or a DC voltage 4.3 times the AC rating for nonmetallized systems). Overcurrent Protection: Fusing between 1.65 and 2.5 times rated current to protect case from rupture. Does not preclude NEC requirement for overcurrent protection in all three ungrounded conductors.
Note: When capacitor is connected to the load side of the motor overcurrent protection, fused disconnects or breaker protection is not required. Fuses are recommended for all other indoor applications.

Table 35.0-1. Summary of Advantages/Disadvantages of Individual, Fixed Banks, Automatic Banks, Combination
Method Individual capacitors Fixed bank Automatic bank Combination Advantages Most technically efcient, most exible Most economical, fewer installations Best for variable loads, prevents overvoltages, low installation cost Most practical for larger numbers of motors Disadvantages Higher installation and maintenance cost Less exible, requires switches and/or circuit breakers Higher equipment cost Least exible

Selection Criteria
The selection of the type of capacitor installation will depend on advantages and disadvantages of each type and several plant variables, including load type, load size, load constancy, load capacity, motor starting methods and manner of utility billing.

Load Size
Facilities with large loads benet from a combination of individual load, group load and banks of xed and automatically-switched capacitor units. A small facility, on the other hand, may require only one capacitor at the service entrance. Sometimes, only an isolated trouble spot requires power factor correction in applications such as welding machines, induction heaters or DC drives. If a particular feeder serving a low power factor load is corrected, it may raise overall plant power factor enough that additional capacitors are unnecessary.

Load Type
If a facility has many large motors, 50 hp and above, it is usually economical to install one capacitor per motor and switch the capacitor and motor together. If there are many small motors, 1/2 to 25 hp, motors can be grouped with one capacitor at a central point in the distribution system. Often, the best solution for plants with large and small motors is to use both types of capacitor installations.

Load Constancy
If a facility operates around-the-clock and has a constant load demand, xed capacitors offer the greatest economy. If load is determined by eight-hour shifts ve days a week, use switched units to decrease capacitance during times of reduced load.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 003

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Switching Devices

35.0-3

Capacitor Switching Devices


Low Voltage Capacitor Switching
Circuit breakers and switches for use with a capacitor must have a current rating in excess of rated capacitor current to provide for overcurrent from overvoltages at fundamental frequency and harmonic currents. The following percent of the capacitor-rated current should be used as a general guideline: Fused and unfused switches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165% Molded-case breaker or equivalent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150% DSII power circuit breakers . . . . . 135% Magnum DS power circuit breaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135% Contactors: Open type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135% Enclosed type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150% The NEC, Section 460.8(c)(4), requires the disconnecting means to be rated not less than 135% of the rated capacitor current (for 600V and below). See Page 35.0-4 for more information on Low Voltage Capacitor Switching Devices.

ANSI Standard C37.06 (indoor oilless circuit breakers) indicates the preferred ratings of Eatons Type VCP-W vacuum breaker. For capacitor switching careful attention should be paid to the notes accompanying the table. The denition of the terms are in ANSI Standard C37.04 Article 5.13 (for the latest edition). The application guide ANSI/IEEE Standard C37.012 covers the method of calculation of the quantities covered by C37.06 Standard. Note that the denitions in C37.04 make the switching of two capacitors banks in close proximity to the switchgear bus a back-to-back mode of switching. This classication requires a denite purpose circuit breaker (breakers specically designed for capacitance switching). We recommend that such application be referred to Eaton. A breaker specied for capacitor switching should include as applicable: 1. Rated maximum voltage. 2. Rated frequency. 3. Rated open wire line charging switching current. 4. Rated isolated cable charging and shunt capacitor switching current. 5. Rated back-to-back cable charging and back-to-back capacitor switching current. 6. Rated transient overvoltage factor. 7. Rated transient inrush current and its frequency. 8. Rated interrupting time. 9. Rated capacitive current switching life. 10. Grounding of system and capacitor bank. Loadbreak interrupter switches are permitted by ANSI/IEEE Standard C37.30 to switch capacitance but they must have tested ratings for the purpose. Refer to Eaton Type MVS ratings.

Projects that anticipate requiring capacitor bank switching or fault interrupting should identify the breakers that must have capacitive current switching ratings on the equipment schedules and contract drawings used for the project. Manufacturers standard medium voltage breakers meeting ANSI C37.xx are not all rated for switching capacitive loads. Special breakers are usually available from vendors to comply with the ANSI C37.012 (Application Guide for Capacitor Current Switching) and other applicable ANSI standards. The use of capacitive current rated breakers can affect the medium voltage switchgear layout, thus early identication of these capacitive loads are critical to the design process. For example, the standard 15 kV Eaton 150 VCP-W 500, 1200A vacuum breaker does not have a capacitive current switching rating; however, the 15 kV Eaton 150 VCP-W 25C, 1200A vacuum breaker does have the following general purpose ratings: 25A rms cable charging current switching Isolated shunt capacitor bank switching current ratings of 25A to 600A Denite purpose back-to-back capacitor switch ratings required when two banks of capacitors are independently switched from the 15 kV switchgear bus

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Medium Voltage Capacitor Switching


Capacitance switching constitutes severe operating duty for a circuit breaker. At the time the breaker opens at near current zero the capacitor is fully charged. After interruption, when the alternating voltage on the source side of the breaker reaches its opposite maximum, the voltage that appears across the contacts of the open breaker is at least twice the normal peak lineto-neutral voltage of the circuit. If a breakdown occurs across the open contact the arc is re-established. Due to the circuit constants on the supply side of the breaker, the voltage across the open contact can reach three times the normal line-to-neutral voltage. After it is interrupted and with subsequent alternation of the supply side voltage, the voltage across the open contact is even higher.

The special breakers with these capacitive current ratings do not have UL labels, thus UL assembly ratings are not available. Contact Eaton for more details on vacuum breaker and fused load interrupter switch products with capacitive switching current ratings at medium voltages.

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35.0-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Switching Devices
Table 35.0-2. Recommended Switching Devices
Capacitor Rating kVAR Capacitor Rated Current 6.0 12.0 18.0 24.1 36.1 48.1 60 72.2 108 120 144 180 217 240 289 301 325 361 433 480 541 578 602 650 720 866 903 2.41 6.01 9.0 12.0 18.0 24.0 30.0 36.1 42 48.1 54 60.1 72.2 90.2 96.2 108 120 144 150 180 192 216 241 271 289 301 361 385 433 451 481 541 Amperes Safety Switch Fuse Rating 15 20 30 40 60 80 100 125 200 200 250 300 400 400 500 500 600 600 800 800 900 1000 1000 1200 1200 1600 1500 15 15 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 150 175 200 200 250 250 300 350 400 400 500 500 500 600 700 800 800 800 900 MoldedCase Breaker Trip Rating 15 20 30 40 70 90 100 125 175 200 225 275 350 400 500 500 500 600 700 800 900 900 900 1000 15 15 15 20 30 40 50 70 70 100 100 100 125 150 150 175 200 225 225 300 300 350 400 500 500 500 600 600 700 700 800 900 Power Breaker Trip Rating 15 20 30 40 50 70 90 100 150 175 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 500 600 700 800 800 900 1000 1200 1200 1200 15 15 15 20 30 40 50 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 150 150 175 200 200 250 300 300 350 400 400 400 500 600 600 600 800 800

September 2011
Sheet 35 004

22 23

Table 35.0-2. Recommended Switching Devices (Continued)


Capacitor Rating kVAR Capacitor Rated Current 4.8 7.2 9.6 14.4 19.2 24.1 28.9 33.6 38.5 43.3 48.1 57.8 72.2 77.0 96.2 115 120 144 154 173 192 217 231 241 289 306 347 361 385 433 Amperes Safety Switch Fuse Rating 15 15 20 25 35 40 50 60 70 80 80 100 125 150 175 200 200 250 300 300 350 400 400 400 500 600 600 600 700 800 MoldedCase Breaker Trip Rating 15 15 15 30 30 40 50 50 70 70 100 100 125 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 300 350 350 400 500 500 600 600 600 700 Power Breaker Trip Rating 15 15 15 20 30 40 40 50 70 70 70 90 100 125 150 175 175 200 225 250 300 300 350 350 400 500 500 500 600 600

240V

600V
5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 75 80 100 120 125 150 160 180 200 225 240 250 300 320 360 375 400 450

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2.5 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 45 50 60 75 90 100 120 125 135 150 180 200 225 240 250 270 300 360 375

480V
2 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 75 80 90 100 120 125 150 160 180 200 225 240 250 300 320 360 375 400 450

Switching device ratings are based on percentage of capacitor-rated current as indicated (above). The interrupting rating of the switch must be selected to match the system fault current available at the point of capacitor application. Whenever a capacitor bank is purchased with less than the ultimate kVAR capacity of the rack or enclosure, the switch rating should be selected based on the ultimate kVAR capacity not the initial installed capacity.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 005

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Capacitor Installation

35.0-5

Installing Capacitors in a Plant Distribution System


At the Load
Because capacitors act as kVAR generators, the most efcient place to install them is directly at the motor, where kVAR is consumed. Three options or other low power factor load exist for installing capacitors at the motor. Use Figures 35.0-135.0-7, and the information below to determine which option is best for each motor.

Location CLine Side of Starter


Motors that are jogged, plugged, reversed Multi-speed motors Starters with open transition and starters that disconnect/reconnect capacitor during cycle Motors that start frequently Motor loads with high inertia, where disconnecting the motor with the capacitor can turn the motor into a self-excited generator

Main Bus or Feeder

22 23

Fused Switch or Circuit Breaker

24 25 26

Capacitor Bank

Location AMotor Side of Overload Relay


New motor installations in which overloads can be sized in accordance with reduced current draw Existing motors when no overload change is required

At the Service Feeder


When correcting entire plant loads, capacitor banks can be installed at the service entrance, if load conditions and transformer size permits. If the amount of correction is too large, some capacitors can be installed at individual motors or branch circuits. When capacitors are connected to the bus, feeder, motor control center or switchboard, a disconnect and overcurrent protection must be provided.

Figure 35.0-2. Installing Capacitors Online


Refer to Pages 35.0-3 and 35.0-14 for switching device considerations and conductor sizing.

27 28 29 30 31

Location BLine Side of Overload Relay

Existing motors when overload rating surpasses code (see Appendix for NEC code requirements)

Locating Capacitors on Motor Circuits

32
Motor Feed C B Thermal Overload A

33
Motor

34 35

Fused Safety Switch or Breaker

Motor Starter

36 37 38

Install at Location:

Capacitor C

Capacitor B

Capacitor A

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Figure 35.0-1. Locating Capacitors on Motor Circuits

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35.0-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Locating Capacitors

September 2011
Sheet 35 006

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Locating Capacitors on Reduced Voltage and Multi-Speed Motors


5 Start: Close 6-7-2-3-4 Transfer: Open 6-7 Line Run: Close 1-5 1 4A 7 3 B 6 2 C 1 8 Motor Stator Wye Start: Close 1-2-3-7-8 Delta Run: Close 1-2-3-4-5-6 2 B A 5 Motor Stator 4

7 Line

Figure 35.0-3. AutotransformerClosed Transition


Note: Connect capacitor on motor side of starting contacts (2, 3, 4) at points ABC.
3 C

Start: Close 1-2-3 Second Step: Open 4-5-6 Third Step: Close 7-8-9

6 3 A Line 2 B 4 1 C 5

Figure 35.0-6. Wye-Delta Starting


Note: Connect capacitor on motor side of starting contacts (1, 2, 3) at points ABC.
Motor Stator

Start: Close 1-2-3 Run: Close 4-5-6 Line

6 3 A 5 2 B 4 1 C Motor Stator

Figure 35.0-4. Series Resistance Starting


Note: Connect capacitor on motor side of starting contactor (1, 2, 3) at points ABC.

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Line

3 B 2 1 C Motor Stator 6 5 4

Figure 35.0-7. Reactor Starting


Note: Connect capacitor on motor side of starting contactor (1, 2, 3) at points ABC.

Start: Close 1-2-3 Run: Close 4-5-6

Figure 35.0-5. Part-Winding Starting


Note: Connect capacitor on motor side of starting contacts (1, 2, 3) at points ABC.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 007

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Harmonic Considerations

35.0-7

Harmonic Considerations
A discussion of power system harmonics is incomplete without discussing the effects of power factor correction capacitors. In an industrial plant containing power factor correction capacitors, harmonic currents and voltages can be magnied considerably due to the interaction of the capacitors with the service transformer. This is referred to as harmonic resonance or parallel resonance. For a typical plant containing power factor correction capacitors, the resonant frequency (frequency at which amplication occurs) normally falls in the vicinity of the 5th to the 13th harmonic. Because nonlinear loads typically inject currents at the 5th, 7th, 11th and 13th harmonics, a resonant or near-resonant condition will often result if drives and capacitors are installed on the same system, producing the symptoms and problems with blown fuses, damaged capacitors or failures in other portions of the electrical distribution system.
Note: Capacitors themselves do not cause harmonics, but only aggravate potential harmonic problems. Often, harmonic-related problems do not show up until capacitors are applied for power factor correction.

If 350 kVAR of capacitors were used to improve power factor, h would be:

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h =

17,391 = ----------------350

49.7 = 7.0

Because h falls right on the 7th harmonic, these capacitors could create a harmful resonance condition if nonlinear devices were present in the factory. In this case the capacitors should be applied only as harmonic ltering assemblies.

Diagnosing a Potential Harmonics Related Problem


Negative symptoms of harmonics on plant equipment include blown fuses on capacitors, reduced motor life, false or spurious operations of fuses or circuit breakers, decreased life or increased noise in transformers or mis-operation of electronic or microprocessor controls. If one or more of these symptoms occurs with regularity, then the following steps should be taken. 1. If the plant contains power factor correction capacitors, the current into the capacitors should be measured using a true rms current meter. If this value is higher than the capacitors rated current at the system voltage (by >5% or so), the presence of harmonic voltage distortion is likely. 2. Conduct a paper audit of the plants harmonic-producing loads and system conguration. This analysis starts with the gathering of kVA or horsepower data on all the major nonlinear devices in the plant, all capacitors, and rating information on service entrance transformer(s). This data is analyzed to determine whether the conditions are present to create unfavorable levels of harmonics. 3. If the electrical distribution system is complexe.g., multiple service entrances, distributed capacitors or if the paper audit is incomplete or considered to be too burdensome, the most denitive way to determine whether harmonics are causing a problem is through an on-site plant audit. This audit involves an inspection of the electrical system layout and connected loads, as well as harmonic measurements taken at strategic locations. This data can then be assembled and analyzed to obtain a clear and concise understanding of the power system.

It is a common misconception that the problem of applying capacitors in harmonic environments is limited to problems caused for the capacitor itselfthat the capacitors lower impedance at higher frequencies causes a current overload into the capacitor and, therefore, must be removed. However, the capacitor/harmonics problem must be viewed from a power system standpoint. The capacitor-induced increase of harmonic voltages and currents on a plants system may be causing problems while the capacitor itself remains within its acceptable current rating.

Capacitor Banks and Transformers Can Cause Resonance


Capacitors and transformers can create dangerous resonance conditions when capacitor banks are installed at the service entrance. Under these conditions, harmonics produced by nonlinear devices can be amplied many fold. Problematic amplication of harmonics becomes more likely as more kVAR is added to a system which contains a signicant amount of nonlinear load. An estimate of the resonant harmonic frequency is found by using the following formula:

kVA sys -----------------kVAR kVA sys = Short-Circuit Capacity of the System kVAR = Amount of Capacitor kVAR on the Line h = The Harmonic Number referred to a 60 Hz Base h =
If h is near the values of the major harmonics generated by a nonlinear devicei.e., 3, 5, 7, 11then the resonance circuit will greatly increase harmonic distortion. For example, if a plant has a 1500 kVA transformer with a 5-1/2% impedance and the short-circuit rating of the utility is 48,000 kVA, then kVAsys would equal 17,391 kVA.

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35.0-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Harmonic Considerations

September 2011
Sheet 35 008

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Eliminating Harmonic Problems


When power factor correction is required in the presence of nonlinear loads, or the amount of harmonic distortion must be reduced to solve power quality problems or avoid penalties, the most reliable, lowest cost solution is often realized with the use of harmonic lters.

A shunt harmonic lter therefore accomplishes three things: 1. Provides power factor correction. 2. Prevents harmonic overvoltages due to resonance. 3. Reduces voltage harmonic distortion and transformer harmonic loading at frequencies above its tuning point. In some circumstances, a harmonic resonance condition may accrue gradually over time as capacitors and nonlinear loads are installed in a plant. The replacement of such capacitors with harmonic lters in order to correct a problem may be prohibitively expensive. Custom-designed harmonic lters which are able to eliminate problems associated with resonance at any particular frequency while providing an extremely low amount of power factor correction capacitance. These low kVAR lters are therefore able to provide the same amount of ltering capacity as a much larger conventional lter, but at a lower cost.

Phase A B C

Reactor

Passive and Switched Harmonic Filters


A shunt harmonic lter (see Figure 35.0-8) is, essentially, a power factor correction capacitor combined with a series iron core reactor. A lter provides power factor correction at the fundamental frequency and becomes an inductance (like a motor) at frequencies higher than its tuning point. Most harmonic lters are tuned below the 5th harmonic. Therefore, the lter provides an inductive impedance path to those currents at harmonic frequencies created by nearly all three-phase non-linear loads (5th, 7th, 11th, 13th, etc.). Because the lter is not capacitive at these frequencies, the plant electrical system can no longer resonate at these frequencies and can not magnify the harmonic voltages and currents.

Capacitor Bank

Figure 35.0-8. Shunt Harmonic Filter

Solutions for Systems with High Harmonics


If the plant loads vary, then a switched capacitor/lter bank is recommended. For systems with widely varying loads where harmonic cancellation is the primary goal, a Harmonic Correction Unit (HCU) is recommended.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 009

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Motor Power Factor Correction

35.0-9

Motor Power Factor Correction


Tables 35.0-3 and 35.0-4 contain suggested maximum capacitor ratings for induction motors switched with the capacitor. The data is general in nature and representative of general purpose induction motors of standard design. The preferable means to select capacitor ratings is based on the maximum recommended kVAR information available from the motor manufacturer. If this is not possible or feasible, the tables can be used. An important point to remember is that if the capacitor used with the motor is too large, self-excitation may cause a motor-damaging overvoltage when the motor and capacitor combination is disconnected from the line. In addition, high transient torques capable of damaging the motor shaft or coupling can occur if the motor is reconnected to the line while rotating and still generating a voltage of self-excitation.

Denitions
kVARrating of the capacitor in reactive kilovolt-amperes. This value is approximately equal to the motor no-load magnetizing kilovars. % ARpercent reduction in line current due to the capacitor. A capacitor located on the motor side of the overload relay reduces line current through the relay. Therefore, a different overload relay and/or setting may be necessary. The reduction in line current may be determined by measuring line current with and without the capacitor or by calculation as follows: (Original PF) % AR = 100 100 (Improved PF) If a capacitor is used with a lower kVAR rating than listed in tables, the % AR can be calculated as follows: Actual kVAR % AR = Listed % AR kVAR in Table The tables can also be used for other motor ratings as follows: A. For standard 60 Hz motors operating at 50 Hz: kVAR = 1.71.4 of kVAR listed % AR = 1.81.35 of % AR listed B. For standard 50 Hz motors operating at 50 Hz: kVAR = 1.41.1 of kVAR listed % AR = 1.41.05 of % AR listed C. For standard 60 Hz wound-rotor motors: kVAR = 1.1 of kVAR listed % AR= 1.05 of % AR listed
Note: For A, B, C, the larger multipliers apply for motors of higher speeds; i.e., 3600 rpm = 1.7 mult., 1800 rpm = 1.65 mult., etc.

To derate a capacitor used on a system voltage lower than the capacitor voltage rating, such as a 240V capacitor used on a 208V system, use the following formula:
Actual kVAR =

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( Applied Voltage ) Nameplate kVAR -----------------------------------------------------2 ( Nameplate Voltage )


For the kVAC required to correct the power factor from a given value of COS 1 to COS 2, the formula is: kVAC = kW (tan phase1tan phase2) Capacitors cause a voltage rise. At light load periods the capacitive voltage rise can raise the voltage at the location of the capacitors to an unacceptable level. This voltage rise can be calculated approximately by the formula MVA r % VR = MVA SC MVAR is the capacitor rating and MVASC is the system shortcircuit capacity. With the introduction of variable speed drives and other harmonic current generating loads, the capacitor impedance value determined must not be resonant with the inductive reactances of the system. This matter is discussed further under the heading Harmonics and Nonlinear Loads.

CA08104001E

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35.0-10 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Motor Power Factor Correction Useful Capacitor Formulas
Nomenclature: C = Capacitance in F V = Voltage A = Current K = 1000 A. Additional Data 1. Simplied Voltage Rise: B. Miscellaneous kW 1. Power Factor = Cos = ---------kVA

September 2011
Sheet 35 010

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

kW Tan = ---------kVA
SinglePhase 2. kW = ThreePhase

kVAR (Cap.) % Transformer Reactance % L.R. = ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------kVA(Transformer)


2. Losses Reduction:

V A PF --------------------------10 3 VA ------------10 3

3 V A PF ---------------------------------------10 3 3VA --------------------------10 3 kVA 10 3 -------------------------3V

Original PF 2 % L.R. = 100 100 ----------------------------------- Improved PF


3. Operation at other than rated voltage and frequency Note: Use of voltages and frequencies above the rated values can be dangerous. Consult the factory for any unusual operating conditions. a. Reduced Voltage:

3. kVA =

3 4. Line Current Amperes = kVA 10 --------------------------

Actual Voltage 2 Actual kVAR (Output) = Rated kVAR ---------------------------------------- Rated Voltage
b. Reduced Frequency:

5. Capacitor Current (Amperes) = ( 2f )CV 10 6 also: kVAR 10 3 -----------------------------V kVAR 10 3 -----------------------------3V

Actual Freq. 2 Actual kVAR = Rated kVAR --------------------------------- Rated Freq.


c. Examples: (a) Voltage Reduction:

kW (kW Motor Input) 6. kVA = -------PF hp 0.746 7. kW (Motor Input) = --------------------------efficiency 8. Approx. Motor kVA = Motor hp (at full load)

208 2 kVAR (208) = kVAR (240) --------- = 0.75 240 (10 kVAR @ 240V = 7.5 kVAR @ 208V) 120 2 kVAR (120) = kVAR (240) --------- = 0.25 240 (10 kVAR @ 240V = 2.5 kVAR @ 120V)
(b) Frequency Reduction:

50 kVAR (50 Hz) = kVAR (60 Hz) ----- = 0.83 60 (60 kVAR @ 480V 60 Hz = 50 kVAR, 480V, 50 Hz)

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 011

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Application ConsiderationsMotors

35.0-11

Table 35.0-3. Suggested Maximum Capacitor Ratings


Induction Motor hp Rating Number of Poles and Nominal Motor Speed in RPM 23600 RPM Capacitor kVAR 41800 RPM 61200 RPM 8900 RPM 10720 RPM 12600 RPM Current Reduction % 41 37 34 31 27 25 23 22 20 19 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 11 11 10 50 49 49 45 38 34 30 30 30 30 30 28 19 17 17 17 17 17 17 15 15 15 15 Current Capacitor Reduction kVAR % 14 12 11 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 14 14 14 14 14 12 12 12 11 12 12 12 12 11 10 10 10 11 11 12 10 8 8 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 15 17.5 20 25 30 37.5 45 50 60 60 75 75 1 1.5 2.5 3 4 5 6 7.5 8 15 17.5 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 70 75 80 90 120 Current Capacitor Reduction kVAR % 15 13 12 11 10 10 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 6 6 6 24 23 22 20 18 18 17 17 16 16 15 15 14 14 12 12 11 10 10 8 8 8 9 1.5 2 3 3 5 6 7.5 9 10 12.5 15 17.5 25 30 35 40 50 60 75 75 80 85 1.5 2 3 4 5 6 7.5 8 10 15 20 22.5 25 30 35 40 50 60 75 90 100 120 150 Current Capacitor Reduction kVAR % 20 17 15 14 13 12 11 11 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 30 28 26 21 21 20 19 19 19 19 19 17 15 12 12 12 11 10 12 12 12 10 12 2 3 4 5 6 7.5 9 10 12.5 15 17.5 20 27.5 30 37.5 50 60 60 75 85 90 100 2 3 4 5 6 7.5 9 10 15 17.5 22.5 25 30 35 40 50 70 80 100 120 130 140 160 Current Capacitor Reduction kVAR % 27 25 22 21 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 42 38 31 28 27 24 23 23 22 21 21 20 17 16 14 14 14 13 14 13 13 12 12 2.5 4 5 6 8 9 10 12.5 15 20 22.5 25 35 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 100 100 2 3 4 5 7.5 8 10 12.5 15 20 22.5 30 35 40 45 50 70 90 100 120 140 160 180 Current Capacitor Reduction kVAR % 35 32 30 27 23 21 20 18 16 15 15 14 13 13 12 12 11 11 10 10 9 9 40 40 40 38 36 32 29 25 24 24 24 22 21 15 15 13 13 13 13 13 13 14 13 3 4 6 7.5 9 12.5 15 17.5 20 25 27.5 35 40 50 50 60 75 90 95 100 110 120 3 4 5 6 8 10 12.5 17.5 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 90 100 120 135 150 160 180

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Used for High Efciency Motors and Older Design (Pre T-Frame) Motors
3 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 2 3 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7 9 12.5 15 17.5 22.5 27.5 30 40 50 60 60 75 75 75 1 1.5 2 2.5 4 5 6 7.5 8 12.5 15 17.5 20 22.5 25 30 35 40 45 50 75 80 100

T-Frame NEMA Design B Motors

For use with three-phase, 60 Hz NEMA Classication B motors to raise full load power factor to approximately 95%.

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.0-12 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Application ConsiderationsMotors
Table 35.0-4. Suggested Capacitor Ratings, in kVARs, for NEMA Design C, D and Wound-Rotor Motors
Induction Motor Rating (hp) 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300 Design C Motor 1800 and 1200 r/Minimum 5 5 6 7.5 10 12 17.5 19 27 35 37.5 45 54 65 900 r/Minimum 5 6 6 9 12 15 18 22.5 27 37.5 45 60 70 90 Design D Motor 1200 r/Minimum 5 6 6 10 12 15 18 22.5 30 37.5 45 60 70 75 Wound-Rotor Motor 5.5 7 7 11 13 17.5 20 25 33 40 50 65 75 85

September 2011
Sheet 35 012

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Note: Applies to three-phase, 60 Hz motors when switched with capacitors as single unit. Note: Use motor manufacturers recommended kVAR as published in the performance data sheets for specic motor types: drip-proof, TEFC, severe duty, high efciency and NEMA design.

Table 35.0-5. 2400 Volts and 4160 Volt Motors NEMA Design B
Nominal Motor Speed in RPM and Number of Poles Induction Motor Rating (hp) 100 120 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1250 3600 RPM 2 kVAR 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 125 150 200 Current Reduction % 8 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1800 RPM 4 kVAR 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 150 150 200 200 Current Reduction % 10 9 8 8 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 1200RPM 6 kVAR 25 25 25 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 125 150 200 250 250 Current Reduction % 11 10 9 9 8 8 8 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 900 RPM 8 kVAR 25 25 25 50 75 75 75 100 100 125 125 150 150 200 250 300 Current Reduction % 11 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 7 7 6 6 720 RPM 10 kVAR 25 25 25 50 75 75 75 100 100 125 150 150 200 250 250 300 Current Reduction % 12 11 11 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 7 6 600 RPM 12 kVAR 25 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 200 250 250 300 Current Reduction % 16 15 14 14 14 13 12 11 10 9 9 8 8 8 7 6

Table 35.0-6. NEMA Design B and C 2300 and 4000V Motors (after 1956)
Nominal Motor Speed in RPM and Number of Poles Induction Motor Rating (hp) 3600 RPM 2 kVAR Current Reduction % 7 7 7 7 7 7 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1800 RPM 4 kVAR Current Reduction % 10 9 8 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 11 11 9 9 8 6 6 1200 RPM 6 kVAR Current Reduction % 11 10 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 11 11 9 9 9 9 8 900 RPM 8 kVAR Current Reduction % 11 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 7 7 7 6 6 6 11 11 9 9 9 9 9 720 RPM 10 kVAR Current Reduction % 12 11 11 10 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 6 11 11 600 RPM 12 kVAR Current Reduction % 17 15 15 14 14 12 11 10 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 6

NEMA Design B 2300 and 4000V Motors (after 1956)


100 120 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1250 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 25 25 25 25 30 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 125 150 200 25 25 25 25 30 50 50 50 50 75 100 100 125 150 200 200 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 25 25 25 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 200 250 250 25 25 25 50 50 75 75 25 25 25 50 50 75 75 100 100 125 125 125 150 200 250 300 25 25 50 50 50 75 75 25 25 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 125 125 150 150 250 250 300 25 25 25 50 50 75 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 250 250 300

NEMA Design C 2300 and 4000V Motors (after 1956)

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 013

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Application ConsiderationsSystem kVAR Selection

35.0-13

Table 35.0-7. Multipliers to Determine Capacitor Kilovars Required for Power Factor Correction
Original Power Factor 0.50 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.59 0.60 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.65 0.66 0.67 0.68 0.69 0.70 0.71 0.72 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.77 0.78 0.79 0.80 0.81 0.82 0.83 0.84 0.85 0.86 0.87 0.88 0.89 0.90 0.91 0.92 0.93 0.94 0.95 0.96 0.97 0.98 0.99 Corrected Power Factor 0.80 0.982 0.937 0.893 0.850 0.809 0.769 0.730 0.692 0.655 0.619 0.583 0.549 0.516 0.483 0.451 0.419 0.388 0.358 0.328 0.299 0.270 0.242 0.214 0.186 0.159 0.132 0.105 0.079 0.052 0.026 0.81 1.008 0.962 0.919 0.876 0.835 0.795 0.756 0.718 0.681 0.645 0.609 0.575 0.542 0.509 0.474 0.445 0.414 0.384 0.354 0.325 0.296 0.268 0.240 0.212 0.185 0.158 0.131 0.105 0.078 0.052 0.82 1.034 0.989 0.945 0.902 0.861 0.821 0.782 0.744 0.707 0.671 0.635 0.601 0.568 0.535 0.503 0.471 0.440 0.410 0.380 0.351 0.322 0.294 0.266 0.238 0.211 0.184 0.157 0.131 0.104 0.078 0.83 1.060 1.015 0.971 0.928 0.887 0.847 0.808 0.770 0.733 0.697 0.661 0.627 0.594 0.561 0.529 0.497 0.466 0.436 0.406 0.377 0.348 0.320 0.292 0.264 0.237 0.210 0.183 0.157 0.130 0.104 0.84 1.086 1.041 0.997 0.954 0.913 0.873 0.834 0.796 0.759 0.723 0.687 0.653 0.620 0.587 0.555 0.523 0.492 0.462 0.432 0.403 0.374 0.346 0.318 0.290 0.263 0.236 0.209 0.183 0.156 0.130 0.104 0.078 0.052 0.026 0.000 0.85 1.112 1.067 1.023 0.980 0.939 0.899 0.860 0.822 0.785 0.749 0.713 0.679 0.646 0.613 0.581 0.549 0.518 0.488 0.458 0.429 0.400 0.372 0.344 0.316 0.289 0.262 0.235 0.209 0.182 0.156 0.130 0.104 0.078 0.052 0.026 0.86 1.139 1.094 1.050 1.007 0.966 0.926 0.887 0.849 0.812 0.776 0.740 0.706 0.673 0.640 0.608 0.576 0.545 0.515 0.485 0.456 0.427 0.399 0.371 0.343 0.316 0.289 0.262 0.236 0.209 0.183 0.157 0.131 0.105 0.079 0.053 0.87 1.165 1.120 1.076 1.033 0.992 0.952 0.913 0.875 0.838 0.802 0.766 0.732 0.699 0.666 0.634 0.602 0.571 0.541 0.511 0.482 0.453 0.425 0.397 0.369 0.342 0.315 0.288 0.262 0.235 0.209 0.183 0.157 0.131 0.105 0.079 0.88 1.192 1.147 1.103 1.060 1.019 0.979 0.940 0.902 0.865 0.829 0.793 0.759 0.726 0.693 0.661 0.629 0.598 0.568 0.538 0.509 0.480 0.452 0.424 0.396 0.369 0.342 0.315 0.289 0.262 0.236 0.210 0.184 0.158 0.132 0.106 0.89 1.220 1.175 1.131 1.088 1.047 1.007 0.968 0.930 0.893 0.857 0.821 0.787 0.754 0.721 0.689 0.657 0.626 0.596 0.566 0.537 0.508 0.480 0.452 0.424 0.397 0.370 0.343 0.317 0.290 0.264 0.238 0.212 0.186 0.160 0.134 0.108 0.081 0.055 0.028 0.000 0.90 1.248 1.203 1.159 1.116 1.075 1.035 0.996 0.958 0.921 0.885 0.849 0.815 0.782 0.749 0.717 0.685 0.654 0.624 0.594 0.565 0.536 0.508 0.480 0.452 0.425 0.398 0.371 0.345 0.318 0.292 0.266 0.240 0.214 0.188 0.162 0.136 0.109 0.083 0.056 0.028 0.91 1.276 1.231 1.187 1.144 1.103 1.063 1.024 0.986 0.949 0.913 0.877 0.843 0.810 0.777 0.745 0.713 0.682 0.652 0.622 0.593 0.564 0.536 0.508 0.480 0.453 0.426 0.399 0.373 0.346 0.320 0.294 0.268 0.242 0.216 0.190 0.164 0.137 0.111 0.084 0.056 0.92 1.306 1.261 1.217 1.174 1.133 1.093 1.054 1.016 0.979 0.943 0.907 0.873 0.840 0.807 0.775 0.743 0.712 0.682 0.652 0.623 0.594 0.566 0.538 0.510 0.483 0.456 0.429 0.403 0.376 0.350 0.324 0.298 0.272 0.246 0.220 0.194 0.167 0.141 0.114 0.086 0.93 1.337 1.292 1.248 1.205 1.164 1.124 1.085 1.047 1.010 0.974 0.938 0.904 0.871 0.838 0.806 0.774 0.743 0.713 0.683 0.654 0.625 0.597 0.569 0.541 0.514 0.487 0.460 0.434 0.407 0.381 0.355 0.329 0.303 0.277 0.251 0.225 0.198 0.172 0.145 0.117 0.94 1.369 1.324 1.280 1.237 1.196 1.156 1.117 1.079 1.042 1.006 0.970 0.936 0.903 0.870 0.838 0.806 0.775 0.745 0.715 0.686 0.657 0.629 0.601 0.573 0.546 0.519 0.492 0.466 0.439 0.413 0.387 0.361 0.335 0.309 0.283 0.257 0.230 0.204 0.177 0.149 0.121 0.093 0.063 0.032 0.000 0.95 1.403 1.358 1.314 1.271 1.230 1.190 1.151 1.113 1.076 1.040 1.004 0.970 0.937 0.904 0.872 0.840 0.809 0.779 0.749 0.720 0.691 0.663 0.635 0.607 0.580 0.553 0.526 0.500 0.473 0.447 0.421 0.395 0.369 0.343 0.317 0.291 0.264 0.238 0.211 0.183 0.155 0.127 0.097 0.066 0.034 0.96 1.440 1.395 1.351 1.308 1.267 1.227 1.188 1.150 1.113 1.077 1.041 1.007 0.974 0.941 0.909 0.877 0.846 0.816 0.786 0.757 0.728 0.700 0.672 0.644 0.617 0.590 0.563 0.537 0.510 0.484 0.458 0.432 0.406 0.380 0.354 0.328 0.301 0.275 0.248 0.220 0.192 0.164 0.134 0.103 0.071 0.97 1.481 1.436 1.392 1.349 1.308 1.268 1.229 1.191 1.154 1.118 1.082 1.048 1.015 0.982 0.950 0.918 0.887 0.857 0.827 0.798 0.769 0.741 0.713 0.685 0.658 0.631 0.604 0.578 0.551 0.525 0.499 0.473 0.447 0.421 0.395 0.369 0.342 0.316 0.289 0.261 0.233 0.205 0.175 0.144 0.112 0.98 1.529 1.484 1.440 1.397 1.356 1.316 1.277 1.239 1.202 1.166 1.130 1.096 1.063 1.030 0.998 0.966 0.935 0.905 0.875 0.846 0.817 0.789 0.761 0.733 0.706 0.679 0.652 0.626 0.599 0.573 0.547 0.521 0.495 0.469 0.443 0.417 0.390 0.364 0.337 0.309 0.281 0.253 0.223 0.192 0.160 0.99 1.589 1.544 1.500 1.457 1.416 1.376 1.337 1.299 1.262 1.226 1.190 1.156 1.123 1.090 1.068 1.026 0.995 0.965 0.935 0.906 0.877 0.849 0.821 0.793 0.766 0.739 0.712 0.685 0.659 0.633 0.609 0.581 0.555 0.529 0.503 0.477 0.450 0.424 0.397 0.369 0.341 0.313 0.283 0.252 0.220 0.186 0.149 0.108 0.060 0.000 1.0 1.732 1.687 1.643 1.600 1.559 1.519 1.480 1.442 1.405 1.369 1.333 1.299 1.266 1.233 1.201 1.169 1.138 1.108 1.078 1.049 1.020 0.992 0.964 0.936 0.909 0.882 0.855 0.829 0.802 0.776 0.750 0.724 0.698 0.672 0.646 0.620 0.593 0.567 0.540 0.512 0.484 0.456 0.426 0.395 0.363 0.329 0.292 0.251 0.203 0.143

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4. You need 250 kVAR to bring your plant to 95% power factor. If you dont know the existing power factor level of your plant, you will have to calculate it before using the table above. To calculate existing power factor: kW divided by kVA = Power Factor.

0.000 0.026 0.052 0.078 0.000 0.026 0.052 0.000 0.026 0.000

0.000 0.027 0.053 0.080 0.000 0.026 0.053 0.000 0.027 0.000

0.000 0.028 0.058 0.089 0.000 0.030 0.061 0.000 0.031 0.000

0.000 0.037 0.079 0.126 0.000 0.041 0.089 0.000 0.048 0.000

Note: To obtain required capacitor kVAR: 1. Get PF correction factor from Table 35.0-7 above. 2. Required capacitor kVAR = kW load x factor.

How Much kVAR Do I Need?


The unit for rating power factor capacitors is kVAR, equal to 1000 volt-amperes of reactive power. The kVAR rating signies how much reactive power the capacitor will provide. Instructions: 1. Find the present power factor in column 1. 2. Read across to optimum power factor column.

3. Multiply that number by kW demand. Example: If your plant consumed 410 kW, was currently operating at 73% power factor and you wanted to correct power factor to 95%, you would: 1. Find 0.73 in column 1. 2. Read across to 0.95 column. 3. Multiply 0.607 by 410 = 249 (round to 250).
For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

40 41 42 43

CA08104001E

35.0-14 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Application Considerations


Application ConsiderationsCapacitors
Table 35.0-8. Recommended Feeder Wire Sizes, Switches and Fuses for Three-Phase, 60 Hz Capacitors
kVAR 240V Current (Amps) 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7.5 8 10 12.5 15 17.5 20 22.5 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 75 80 90 100 120 125 150 180 200 240 250 300 360 400 1.2 2.4 3.6 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.6 12 14 18 19 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 72 84 96 108 120 144 180 192 216 241 289 300 361 432 481 Wire Size 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 3 2 1 1/0 2/0 3/0 250M 300M 350M 400M (2)3/0 (2)3/0 (2)250M (2)350M (2)400M Fuse (Amps) 3 6 6 10 10 15 20 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 80 80 100 100 125 150 175 200 200 250 300 350 400 400 500 500 600 750 800 Switch (Amps) 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 60 60 60 60 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 800 800 480V Current (Amps) 1.2 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.6 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.0 9.6 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 36 42 48 54 60 72 90 96 108 120 144 150 180 216 241 289 300 361 432 480 Wire Size 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 12 10 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 1/0 1/0 1/0 2/0 3/0 3/0 250M 350M 400M (2)3/0 (2)4/0 (2)250M (2)350M (2)500M Fuse (Amps) 3 3 6 6 6 10 10 15 15 20 20 25 30 40 40 50 50 60 80 80 100 100 125 150 175 200 200 200 250 300 400 400 500 500 600 750 800 Switch (Amps) 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 60 60 60 60 60 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 800 800 600V Current (Amps) 1.0 1.4 1.9 2.4 2.9 3.8 4.8 5.8 7.2 7.7 9.6 12 14 17 19 22 24 29 34 38 43 48 58 72 77 86 96 115 120 144 173 192 231 241 289 346 384 Wire Size 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 12 10 10 10 8 8 6 6 6 4 3 3 1 1 2/0 2/0 3/0 250M 300M 400M 400M (2)3/0 (2)250M (2)300M

September 2011
Sheet 35 014

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Fuse (Amps) 3 3 6 6 6 10 10 10 15 15 20 20 25 30 35 40 40 50 60 80 90 100 100 125 150 150 175 200 200 250 300 350 400 400 500 600 650

Switch (Amps) 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 60 60 60 60 60 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 800

90C Copper Type THHN, XHHW or equivalent, applied at 75C ampacity. Rate current based on operation at rated voltage, frequency and kVAR. Consult National Electrical Code for other wire types. Above size based on 30C Ambient Operation. (Refer to NEC Table 310.16.)

Note: Fuses furnished within Capacitor Assembly may be rated at higher value than shown in this table. The table is correct for eld installations and reects the manufacturers suggested rating for overcurrent protection and disconnect means in compliance with the National Electrical Code. Fuses used internally in capacitor banks are not sized by this chart.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 015

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.1-1

UNIPUMP Power Factor Correction Capacitors

Features
Conguration

Outer case: Heavy, No. 14 gauge steel nished with durable baked-on enamel. Integral strap mounting bracket with keyhole at top for pole or wall installation. No knockouts

Capacitor Cells
Terminals: Insulated nger-safe terminals rated for 3 kVAC withstand Dielectric ll: Cells use soft organic polymer resinResinol Eliminates potential for corona/ partial discharge/electrochemical oxidation Excellent heat dissipation Flash point: +444F (+229C) Fire point: +840F (+449C) Design: Self-healing metallized high crystalline polypropylene with ramp metallization lm. Total losses less than 0.45 watt per kVAR. (Dielectric losses less than 0.2 watt per kVAR)

UNIPUMP

General Description
Non-fused capacitors for outdoor irrigation and oil eld installations.

Designed expressly for outdoor pumping applications Pole or wall mounting Small, light-weight enclosure for easy installation SO-WA type exible cable facilitates installation (4-conductor) Gland-type weatherproof bushings Strong outer case UL and CSA listed

Ramp metallization: Provides thicker lm at higher current density areas, allowing for reduced internal losses, lower operating temperatures and longer life expectancy. Also prevents chain reaction breakdown by limiting propagation of lm vaporization Pressure sensitive interrupter: Built-in UL recognized three-phase pressure-sensitive interrupter and thermally or mechanically activated disconnecting link removes capacitor from the supply before dangerous pressure buildup or excessive fault current. Bulged capacitor cell top provides easy visual indication of interrupter operation Ceramic discharge resistors: Reduce residual voltage to less than 50V within one minute of de-energization. Selected for 20-year nominal life. Exceeds NEC requirements Capacitor operating temperature: 40 to +115F (40 to +46C) Case: Weatherproof aluminum housing Warranty: The longest in the industryve full years of warranty on capacitor cells

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Product Selection
Table 35.1-1. UNIPUMP Selection Chart
kVAR Rated Current 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.6 12.0 14.4 18.0 2.4 3.0 3.6 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.0 12.0 15.0 18.0 21.0 24.0 30.0 4.9 5.9 7.4 9.8 12.3 14.7 17.2 19.6 Case Size AA AA AA AA AA BB BB AA AA AA AA AA AA AA AA BB BB BB BB BB AA AA AA AA BB BB BB BB Cable Size 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 12.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 12.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 12.0 8.0 8.0 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 10.0 (4.7) 10.0 (4.7) 10.0 (4.7) 11.0 (4.8) 11.0 (4.8) 15.0 (6.6) 15.0 (6.6) 10.4 (4.7) 10.4 (4.7) 10.4 (4.7) 10.4 (4.7) 10.4 (4.7) 10.6 (4.8) 10.6 (4.8) 10.8 (4.9) 15.0 (6.8) 15.0 (6.8) 15.8 (7.2) 16.8 (7.7) 16.8 (7.7) 10.8 (4.9) 10.8 (4.9) 10.8 (4.9) 10.8 (4.9) 15.0 (6.8) 15.8 (7.2) 16.8 (7.7) 16.8 (7.7) Catalog Number 223JMR 2X23JMR 323JMR 423JMR 523JMR 623JMR 7X23JMR 243JMR 2X43JMR 343JMR 443JMR 543JMR 643JMR 7X43JMR 1043JMR 12X43JMR 1543JMR 17X43JMR 2043JMR 2543JMR 563JMR 663JMR 7X63JMR 1063JMR 12X63JMR 1563JMR 17X63JMR 2063JMR

240 Vac
2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7.5

34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Application Description
Outdoor irrigation and oil and gas eld pumping.

480 Vac
2 2.5 3 4 5 6 7.5 10 12.5 15 17.5 20 25

600 Vac
5 6 7.5 10 12.5 15 17.5 20

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.1-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 016

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Dimensions

Figure 35.1-1. UNIPUMPDimensions in Inches (mm) Table 35.1-2. UNIPUMP Dimension Chart
Case Size AA BB Dimensions in Inches (mm) A 11.00 (279.7) 14.00 (354.5) B 14.20 (360.9) 17.10 (435.6) C 12.60 (320.0) 15.50 (394.7) D 13.20 (335.5) 16.10 (410.2)

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 017

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.1-3

Low Voltage Power Factor Correction Capacitor Banks and Harmonic Filters

Harmonic Filtering
As the world becomes more dependent on electric and electronic equipment, the likelihood that the negative impact of harmonic distortion increases dramatically. The efciency and productivity gains from these increasingly sophisticated pieces of equipment have a negative side effectincreased harmonic distortion in the power lines. The difcult thing about harmonic distortion is determining the cause. Once this has been determined, the solution can be easy. Passive and active harmonic ltering equipment will mitigate specic harmonic issues, and correct poor power factor as well.

Low Voltage Power Factor Correction Capacitor Banks and Harmonic Filters

General Description
Power Factor Correction Capacitors
Eaton Power factor correction capacitors and harmonic lters are an essential part of modern electric power systems. Power factor correction capacitors are the simplest and most economical means of increasing the capacity of any power system, minimizing energy losses and correcting load power factor. In addition, power factor penalties can be reduced and power quality can be greatly enhanced. There are several reasons to correct poor power factor. The rst is to reduce or eliminate a power factor penalty charged by the utility. Another reason is that your existing transformer is, or shortly will be, at full capacity and installing power factor correction capacitors can be a very cost-effective solution to installing a brand new service. Depending on the amount of power factor correction (kVAR that needs to be injected into the electrical system to improve the power factor) and the dynamic nature of the load, a xed or switched capacitor bank may be the best solution. When capacity becomes a problem, the choice of a solution will be dependent upon the size of the increase needed. Like all power quality solutions, there are many factors that need to be considered when determining which solution will be best to solve your power factor problem.
Note: Images contained in this document may be shown with optional components and features not included as part of the base offering.

Features, Benets and Functions


Five-year warranty on capacitor cells Designed for heavy-duty applications Twenty-year life design Indoor/outdoor service Wall (up to 180 kVAR) and oormounted units available Internally fused through the use of an overpressure disconnector Quick lead times Harmonic lters available Slim prole allows reduced footprint, conserving valuable oor space New capacitor conguration leads to cooler operating conditions and extended capacitor life

Cover: L shaped gasketed cover with multiple fasteners provides front opening for ease of installation and service Ground terminal: Furnished inside case Power terminal lugs: Large size provided for easy connection Options: Replaceable fuses and indicator lights Air lters for enclosure sizes C2 and larger Optional Fusing: Size Code A1: Three midget-type fuses with 100,000 ampere interrupting capacity Size Code A2 and larger: Slottedblade type fuses with 200,000A interrupting capacity; fuses mounted on stand-off bushings; solderless connectors for easy hookup of incoming line conductors Fuse indicating lights: Red, neon blown-fuse indicating lights are protected by transparent weatherproof guard

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

Conguration
Outer case: Heavy, No. 14 gauge steel nished with durable baked-on enamel. Wall-mounting anges and oor-mounting feet. Elimination of knockouts permits indoor/outdoor use. Manufactured to NEMA requirements 1, 3R and 12 Elevated oor-mounting feet allow access for easy maintenance

UNIPAK with Optional Air Filter

Standards and Certications

38 39 40 41 42 43

Note: NEMA 12 from enclosure sizes A1 through C1.

UL and CSA listed

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.1-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

September 2011
Sheet 35 018

22 23 24 25 26 27

UNIPAK

General Description
UNIPAK FilterHarmonic Filtering
Harmonic lter systems for low voltage, heavy-duty applications.

28 29

Reduce harmonics and correct power factor Tuned for maximum efciency in reducing harmonic currents associated with nonlinear load environments (such as VFDs) Two-enclosure design isolates capacitors from high-temperature operating reactors, and allows for exible installation Twenty-year life design Five-year cell warranty/one-year reactor warranty Three-phase cell capacitor construction. Three-phase interrupter system UL and CSA listed Terminals: Insulated nger-safe terminals rated for 3 kVAC withstand Dielectric ll: Cells use soft organic polymer resinResinol Eliminates potential for corona/ partial discharge/electrochemical oxidation Excellent heat dissipation Flash point: +444F (+229C) Fire point: +840F (+449C) Design: Self-healing metallized high crystalline polypropylene with ramp metallization lm. Total losses less than 0.45 watt per kVAR (dielectric losses less than 0.2 watt per kVAR) Ramp metallization: Provides thicker lm at higher current density areas, allowing for reduced internal losses, lower operating temperatures and longer life expectancy. Also prevents chain reaction breakdown by limiting propagation of lm vaporization Pressure sensitive interrupter: Built-in UL recognized three-phase pressure-sensitive interrupter and thermally or mechanically activated disconnecting link removes capacitor from the supply before dangerous pressure buildup or excessive fault current. Bulged capacitor cell top provides easy visual indication of interrupter operation

Ceramic discharge resistors: Reduce residual voltage to less than 50V within one minute of de-energization. Selected for 20-year nominal life. Exceeds NEC requirements Capacitor operating temperature: 40 to +115F (40 to +46C) Case: Weatherproof aluminum housing Warranty: The longest in the industryve full years of warranty on capacitor cells

Harmonic rated capacitor cells


Standard voltage rated capacitor cells designed for higher dielectric strength and with added ability to withstand stress caused by dv/dt voltage transients caused by harmonics Better suited for harmonic applications than higher voltage rated cells

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
UNIPAK with Optional Air Filter UNIPAK Interior UNIPAK

Capacitor Cells

UNIPAK with harmonic rated capacitor cells


Standard capacitor systems using harmonic rated capacitor cells For use in moderate harmonic environments where engineering supervision allows in place of harmonic lter designs Provides future conversion capability into a harmonic lter design due to facility growth or increased nonlinear load levels

Reactors

Tuning: Tuned to 4.7 harmonic order Detuning: Reactor designs can be detuned upon request (4.2nd, 6.7th for example) to protect capacitors against alternate harmonics Construction: 100% copper windings for cool operating temperatures; designed operating temperature rise less than 80C. Open frame construction with 220C insulation system Thermal sensors: One per phase, self-resetting thermistors provide reactor over-temperature protection and indication Reactor indicating light: Thermal overload indicating light activates when reactor temperature reaches 180C Warranty: One-year replacement of reactors

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 019

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

35.1-5

UNIPAK Low Voltage Fixed Capacitor Banks


Table 35.1-3. 240 Vac UNIPAK Selection Chart
kVAR 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.5 8.0 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0 30.0 32.5 35.0 37.5 40.0 42.5 45.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 150.0 160.0 180.0 200.0 Rated Current 2.4 3.6 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.6 12.0 14.4 18.0 19.2 24.0 30.0 36.0 42.0 48.0 54.0 60.0 72.0 78.0 84.0 90.0 96.0 102.0 108.0 120.0 144.0 168.0 180.0 192.0 216.0 240.0 288.0 336.0 360.0 384.0 432.0 480.0 Enclosure A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 D1 D1 D1 E1 E1 E1 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 18 (8) 18 (8) 19 (9) 19 (9) 19 (9) 20 (9) 29 (13) 29 (13) 30 (14) 31 (14) 31 (14) 32 (14) 33 (15) 44 (20) 45 (20) 46 (21) 46 (21) 47 (21) 47 (22) 48 (22) 60 (27) 64 (29) 65 (30) 66 (30) 68 (31) 69 (31) 99 (45) 100 (46) 101 (46) 103 (47) 104 (47) 133 (60) 137 (62) 140 (64) 175 (80) 182 (83) 189 (86) Catalog Number 123PMURN 1X23PMURN 223PMURN 2X23PMURN 323PMURN 423PMURN 523PMURN 623PMURN 7X23PMURN 823PMURN 1023PMURN 12X23PMURN 1523PMURN 17X23PMURN 2023PMURN 22X23PMURN 2523PMURN 3023PMURN 32X23PMURN 3523PMURN 37X23PMURN 4023PMURN 42X23PMURN 4523PMURN 5023PMURN 6023PMURN 7023PMURN 7523PMURN 8023PMURN 9023PMURN 10023PMURN 12023PMURN 14023PMURN 15023PMURN 16023PMURN 18023PMURN 20023PMURN

Table 35.1-4. 480 Vac UNIPAK Selection Chart


kVAR 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.5 8.0 9.0 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0 27.5 30.0 32.5 35.0 37.5 40.0 42.5 45.0 50.0 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 100.0 120.0 125.0 140.0 150.0 160.0 180.0 200.0 225.0 250.0 300.0 350.0 400.0 Rated Current 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.6 4.8 6.0 7.2 9.0 9.6 10.8 12.0 15.0 18.0 21.0 24.0 27.0 30.0 33.0 36.0 39.0 42.0 45.0 48.0 51.0 54.0 60.0 66.0 72.0 78.0 84.0 90.0 96.0 102.0 108.0 120.0 144.0 150.0 168.0 180.0 192.0 216.0 240.0 270.0 300.0 360.0 420.0 480.0 Enclosure A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 B1 A2 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 D1 D1 E1 E1 E1 E1 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 17 (8) 18 (8) 18 (8) 19 (9) 19 (9) 19 (9) 19 (9) 20 (9) 20 (9) 20 (9) 20 (9) 29 (13) 29 (13) 30 (14) 31 (14) 44 (20) 32 (15) 44 (20) 44 (20) 45 (20) 45 (20) 46 (21) 46 (21) 47 (21) 47 (22) 48 (22) 48 (22) 48 (22) 64 (29) 65 (30) 65 (30) 66 (30) 68 (31) 68 (31) 69 (31) 69 (31) 99 (45) 100 (46) 101 (46) 103 (47) 104 (47) 137 (62) 140 (64) 170 (77) 175 (80) 182 (83) 189 (86) Catalog Number 1X43PMURN 243PMURN 2X43PMURN 343PMURN 443PMURN 543PMURN 643PMURN 7X43PMURN 843PMURN 943PMURN 1043PMURN 12X43PMURN 1543PMURN 17X43PMURN 2043PMURN 22X43PMURN 2543PMURN 27X43PMURN 3043PMURN 32X43PMURN 3543PMURN 37X43PMURN 4043PMURN 42X43PMURN 4543PMURN 5043PMURN 5543PMURN 6043PMURN 6543PMURN 7043PMURN 7543PMURN 8043PMURN 8543PMURN 9043PMURN 10043PMURN 12043PMURN 12543PMURN 14043PMURN 15043PMURN 16043PMURN 18043PMURN 20043PMURN 22543PMURN 25043PMURN 30043PMURN 35043PMURN 40043PMURN

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Notes:
Multiply the 240 Vac kVAR rating by 0.75 to calculate the kVAR

value at 208 Vac


Internally fused available standard. Replaceable fuses and

indicator lights also availableplease consult the factory


For dimensional information, refer to Pages 35.1-8 and 35.1-9

Part numbers for Tables 35.1-3 and 35.1-4:


PMURNinternally fused PMURFreplaceable fuses and indicator lights

Notes:
Internally fused available standard. Replaceable fuses and

indicator lights also availableplease consult the factory


For dimensional information, refer to Pages 35.1-8 and 35.1-9

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.1-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

September 2011
Sheet 35 020

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

UNIPAK Low Voltage Fixed Capacitor Banks


Table 35.1-5. 600 Vac UNIPAK Selection Chart
kVAR 5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 22.5 25.0 27.5 30.0 32.5 35.0 37.5 40.0 42.5 45.0 50.0 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 100.0 120.0 125.0 140.0 150.0 160.0 180.0 200.0 225.0 250.0 300.0 350.0 400.0 Rated Current 4.9 7.4 9.8 12.3 14.7 17.2 19.6 22.1 24.5 27.0 29.4 31.9 34.3 36.8 39.2 41.7 44.1 49.0 53.9 58.8 63.7 68.6 73.5 78.4 83.3 88.2 98.0 117.6 122.5 137.2 147.0 156.8 176.4 196.0 220.5 245.0 294.0 343.0 392.0 Enclosure A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C1 C2 C2 C2 C2 D1 D1 D1 D1 E1 E1 E1 E1 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 19 (9) 19 (9) 20 (9) 20 (9) 29 (13) 29 (13) 30 (14) 44 (20) 31 (14) 44 (20) 45 (20) 45 (20) 46 (21) 46 (21) 47 (21) 47 (22) 48 (22) 48 (22) 64 (29) 64 (29) 65 (30) 65 (30) 66 (30) 68 (31) 68 (31) 69 (31) 69 (31) 99 (45) 100 (46) 101 (46) 103 (47) 135 (61) 137 (62) 140 (64) 143 (65) 170 (77) 175 (80) 182 (83) 189 (86) Catalog Number 563PMURN 7X63PMURN 1063PMURN 12X63PMURN 1563PMURN 17X63PMURN 2063PMURN 22X63PMURN 2563PMURN 27X63PMURN 3063PMURN 32X63PMURN 3563PMURN 37X63PMURN 4063PMURN 42X63PMURN 4563PMURN 5063PMURN 5563PMURN 6063PMURN 6563PMURN 7063PMURN 7563PMURN 8063PMURN 8563PMURN 9063PMURN 10063PMURN 12063PMURN 12563PMURN 14063PMURN 15063PMURN 16063PMURN 18063PMURN 20063PMURN 22563PMURN 25063PMURN 30063PMURN 35063PMURN 40063PMURN

UNIPAKWith Harmonic Cells


Table 35.1-6. Low Voltage Fixed Capacitor Systems with Harmonic Cells
kVAR Rated Current 36.0 60.0 72.0 120.0 144.0 180.0 240.0 300.0 18.0 30.0 36.0 60.0 72.0 90.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 14.7 24.5 29.4 49.0 58.8 73.5 98.0 122.5 147.0 196.0 245.0 Case Size B1 B1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 E1 A2 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 E1 E1 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 D1 E1 E1 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 38.4 (17) 38.4 (17) 55.2 (25) 57.6 (26) 100.8 (46) 104.4 (47) 136.8 (62) 189.6 (86) 25.2 (11) 37.2 (17) 38.4 (17) 39.6 (18) 52.8 (24) 55.2 (25) 57.6 (26) 100.8 (46) 104.4 (47) 136.8 (62) 186.0 (84) 189.6 (86) 37.2 (17) 38.4 (17) 39.6 (18) 55.2 (25) 57.6 (26) 100.8 (46) 104.4 (47) 136.8 (62) 136.8 (62) 186.0 (84) 189.6 (86) Catalog Number 1523HURN 2523HURN 3023HURN 5023HURN 6023HURN 7523HURN 10023HURN 12523HURN 1543HURN 2543HURN 3043HURN 5043HURN 6043HURN 7543HURN 10043HURN 12543HURN 15043HURN 20043HURN 25043HURN 30043HURN 1563HURN 2563HURN 3063HURN 5063HURN 6063HURN 7563HURN 10063HURN 12563HURN 15063HURN 20063HURN 25063HURN

240V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125

480V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300

600V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250

Notes:
Internally fused available standard. Replaceable fuses and

indicator lights also availableplease consult the factory


For dimensional information, refer to Pages 35.1-8 and 35.1-9

Part numbers
PMURNinternally fused PMURFreplaceable fuses and indicator lights

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 021

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

35.1-7

UNIPAK Low Voltage Fixed Harmonic Filters


Table 35.1-7. Fixed UNIPAK Harmonic Filters
kVAR Rated Current 36.0 60.0 72.0 120.0 144.0 180.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 18.0 30.0 36.0 60.0 72.0 90.0 120.0 150.0 180.0 240.0 300.0 360.0 14.7 24.5 29.4 49.0 58.8 73.5 98.0 122.5 147.0 196.0 245.0 Case Size B1 B1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 E1 E1 A2 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 E1 E1 B1 B1 B1 C1 C1 C2 C2 D1 D1 E1 E1 Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 48.4 (22.0) 48.4 (22.0) 65.2 (29.6) 67.6 (30.7) 110.8 (50.3) 114.4 (51.9) 146.8 (66.6) 199.6 (90.6) 220.0 (99.9) 35.2 (16.0) 47.2 (21.4) 48.4 (22.0) 49.6 (22.5) 62.8 (28.5) 65.2 (29.6) 67.6 (30.7) 110.8 (50.3) 114.4 (51.9) 146.8 (66.6) 196.0 (89.0) 199.6 (90.6) 47.2 (21).4 48.4 (22.0) 49.6 (22.5) 65.2 (29.6) 67.6 (30.7) 110.8 (50.3) 114.4 (51.9) 146.8 (66.6) 146.8 (66.6) 196.0 (89.0) 199.6 (90.6) Reactor Cabinet Case Size R R R R R R R S S R R R R R R R R S S T T R R R R R R R S S T T Reactor Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 90.0 (40.9) 105.0 (47.7) 110.0 (49.9) 130.0 (59.0) 160.0 (72.6) 185.0 (84.0) 240.0 (109.0) 280.0 (127.1) 280.0 (127.1) 90.0 (40.9) 105.0 (47.7) 110.0 (49.9) 130.0 (59.0) 160.0 (72.6) 185.0 (84.0) 240.0 (109.0) 280.0 (127.1) 280.0 (127.1) 330.0 (149.8) 570.0 (258.8) 575.0 (261.1) 90.0 (40.9) 90.0 (47.7) 105.0 (49.9) 110.0 (59.0) 130.0 (72.6) 160.0 (84.0) 185.0 (109.0) 240.0 (127.1) 280.0 (127.1) 330.0 (149.8) 570.0 (258.8) Combined Shipping Weight in Lbs (kg) 138.4 (62.8) 153.4 (69.6) 175.2 (79.5) 197.6 (89.7) 270.8 (122.9) 299.4 (135.9) 386.8 (175.6) 479.6 (217.7) 500.0 (227.0) 125.2 (56.8) 152.2 (69.1) 158.4 (71.9) 179.6 (81.5) 222.8 (101.2) 250.2 (113.6) 307.6 (139.7) 390.8 (177.4) 394.4 (179.1) 476.8 (216.5) 766.0 (347.8) 774.6 (351.7) 137.2 (62.3) 153.4 (69.6) 159.6 (72.5) 195.2 (88.6) 227.6 (103.3) 295.8 (134.3) 354.4 (160.9) 426.8 (193.8) 426.8 (193.8) 526.0 (238.8) 769.6 (349.4) Catalog Number 15232HMURF 25232HMURF 30232HMURF 50232HMURF 60232HMURF 75232HMURF 100232HMURF 125232HMURF 150232HMURF 15432HMURF 25432HMURF 30432HMURF 50432HMURF 60432HMURF 75432HMURF 100432HMURF 125432HMURF 150432HMURF 200432HMURF 250432HMURF 300432HMURF 15632HMURF 25632HMURF 30632HMURF 50632HMURF 60632HMURF 75632HMURF 100632HMURF 125632HMURF 150632HMURF 200632HMURF 250632HMURF

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
Power Lines from Disconnect Lugs

240V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125 150

480V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250 300

600V
15 25 30 50 60 75 100 125 150 200 250

Note: Other ratings available, please consult factory.

37 38 39 40 41 42

Fuses

Reactor

Figure 35.1-2. Reactor Cabinet Table 35.1-8. Reactor CabinetDimensions in Inches (mm)
Case Size R S T Height 20.50 (520.7) 24.50 (622.3) 32.00 (812.8) Width 20.50 (520.7) 24.50 (622.3) 30.75 (781.1) Depth 20.75 (527.1) 22.00 (558.8) 27.75 (704.9)

Lugs Interconnects (Provided by Customer) Lugs Capacitor Bank

Figure 35.1-3. Filter Schematic with Wiring Interconnects


Refer to NEC.

43

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.1-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 022

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Low Voltage Fixed Capacitor Banks and Fixed Harmonic FiltersDimensions in Inches (mm)

Figure 35.1-4. Case A1, A2

Figure 35.1-5. Case B1

34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 023

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

35.1-9

Low Voltage Fixed Capacitor Banks and Fixed Harmonic FiltersDimensions in Inches (mm)

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Figure 35.1-6. Case C1, C2 Table 35.1-9. UNIPAK Enclosures


Case Size A1 A2 B1 C1 C2 D1 E1 Dimensions in Inches (mm) A 5.30 (133.5) 6.00 (151.2) 11.10 (280.8) 10.60 (270.4) 12.00 (304.2) 16.80 (426.6) 22.30 (566.4) B 8.50 (215.9) 8.50 (215.9) 10.10 (257.3) 12.10 (306.8) 19.30 (490.7) 19.30 (490.7) 24.40 (618.7) D 3.50 (88.7) 5.60 (141.9) 5.80 (148.0) 7.10 (180.0) 16.90 (428.3) 16.90 (428.3) 16.80 (425.5) E 3.80 (96.8) 4.50 (114.6) 9.60 (244.1) 9.10 (231.5) 9.50 (240.5) 14.60 (370.1) 19.50 (494.1) F 10.60 (270.2) 13.30 (336.7) 15.70 (399.0) 16.20 (412.5) 16.30 (413.0) N/A N/A H 17.30 (439.4) 22.30 (567.6) 25.30 (642.6) 26.30 (668.0) 36.00 (914.4) 36.00 (914.4) 36.00 (914.4)

Figure 35.1-7. Case D1, E1

34
L 6.80 (173.9) 6.80 (173.9) 8.50 (215.3) 10.40 (264.8) 17.70 (448.8) 17.70 (448.8) 22.70 (576.7) X1 2.00 (51.5) 2.30 (58.3) 4.10 (104.4) 3.40 (86.9) 3.00 (75.3) 5.10 (129.1) 6.50 (165.1) X2 N/A N/A 4.50 (114.3) 1.10 (27.3) 1.50 (38.1) 2.40 (59.7) 4.40 (111.9) X3 N/A N/A N/A 3.6 (92.0) 3.8 (95.3) 5.0 (127.9) 5.0 (127.0) Y 7.70 (195.6) 7.70 (195.6) 9.30 (237.0) 11.30 (286.5) 18.30 (465.3) 18.30 (465.3) 22.40 (567.9) Z 7.20 (181.7) 7.20 (181.7) 8.80 (223.1) 10.70 (272.6) 18.00 (456.5) N/A N/A

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Legend: A = Total depth B = Total width D = Height of removable front cover E = Depth of feet F = Height of middle mounting hole in wall bracket H = Total height L = Width without feet and brackets X = Depth between front and rear mounting holes in inches Y = Width between oor mounting holes Z = Width between wall bracket mounting holes

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.1-10 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 024

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

This page intentionally left blank.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 025

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.2-1

AUTOVAR 300 Automatic Power Factor Correction Capacitor Systems

Features
Conguration

Contactor
Fully rated for capacitor switching up to 60 kVAR at 600V Integral pre-charge/pre-insertion module standard. The contactor reduces damaging switching transients. This provides safety and durability for the system: Lessens the chance of disrupting sensitive electronic equipment Reduced inrush current extends the life of the capacitor cells

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Cabinet: Wall-mounting 12 gauge steel with ANSI 61 gray, NEMA 1 (gasketed) Power line interconnect: Rugged, power distribution block connection Fusing: 200,000A interrupting capacity provided on all three phases of each bank. Blade-type fuses mounted on insulator stand-offs with blown-fuse indicating lights Blown-fuse lights: Blown-fuse indicating lights for each phase and stage located on the door Door interlock: Door interlock automatically disengages capacitors. Power continues to be provided to the unit until the disconnect is open Exhaust fan: Provides ventilation; dust ltering included Safety: Personnel ground fault interruption provides protection in case of accidental contact with control power and ground

Options
Optional molded-case circuit breaker rated 65 kAIC at 480V and 600V NEMA 3R weatherproong

Standards and Certications


AUTOVAR 300UL and CSA listed ContactorUL/CSA recognized

Controller
AUTOVAR 300

General Description
Automatically switched power factor correction systems for low voltage applications. Wall-mount design is ideal for minimum space requirements Programmable to automatically add/ subtract capacitor banks to maintain preset target power factor Heavy-duty, three-phase capacitor construction Five-year warranty of cells

Application Description
Service entrance power factor correction installations requiring precise maintenance of target power factor in a very small footprint.

Visual indication of incorrect CT polarity Digital display of power factor and number of energized banks Automatic setting of c/k value (sensitivity based on CT ratio and kVAR available) Alarm on failed step Visual indication of insufcient kVAR to reach target power factor Capacitors disabled in steps within 35 milliseconds of main power interruption Automatic sensing of kVAR values per step Optional communications capable (RS-485/Modbus) from controller Optional metering capability: Voltage Current (sensed phase only) Frequency Active power (kW) Reactive power (kVAR) Apparent power (kVA) Optional thermostatic control exhaust fans

CA08104001E

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35.2-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data
Table 35.2-1. Wall-Mounted Switched Capacitor Banks Low Voltage Applications
kVAR Step x kVAR Rated Current Amperes 60 120 180 240 300 361 60 90 120 150 180 210 241 270 300 361 48 72 96 120 144 168 192 216 240 288 Case Size Shipping Weight Lbs (kg) 217 (98.5) 255 (115.8) 260 (118.0) 270 (122.6) 292 (132.6) 314 (142.6) 200 (90.8) 210 (95.3) 210 (95.3) 240 (109.0) 240 (109.0) 260 (118.0) 270 (122.6) 290 (131.7) 292 (132.6) 310 (140.7) 200 (90.8) 210 (95.3) 210 (95.3) 240 (109.0) 240 (109.0) 260 (118.0) 270 (122.6) 290 (131.7) 292 (132.6) 310 (140.7) Fused Catalog Number 25MCSR2313 50MCSR2313 75MCSR2313 100MCSR231 125MCSR231 150MCSR231 50MCSR4313 75MCSR4313 100MCSR4313 125MCSR4313 150MCSR4313 175MCSR431 200MCSR431 225MCSR431 250MCSR431 300MCSR431 50MCSR6313 75MCSR6313 100MCSR6313 125MCSR6313 150MCSR6313 175MCSR631 200MCSR631 225MCSR631 250MCSR631 300MCSD631 29.88 (759.0) 36.00 (914.4)

September 2011
Sheet 35 026

22 23

Enclosure JDimensions in Inches (mm)


On/Off Switch

240V

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

25 50 75 100 125 150

5x5 5 x 10 5 x 15 5 x 20 5 x 25 5 x 30 5 x 10 5 x 15 5 x 20 5 x 25 5 x 30 5 x 35 5 x 40 5 x 45 5 x 50 5 x 60 5 x 10 5 x 15 5 x 20 5 x 25 5 x 30 5 x 35 5 x 40 5 x 45 5 x 50 5 x 60

J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J

Power Factor Controller

480V
50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 Keylock Handle

Blown Fuse Lights

600V
50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300

Available only in rectangular style cell option. Consult factory for more information.

Figure 35.2-1. Front View of Enclosure J


0.63 (16.0)

Note: Other ratings available, please consult factory.

Table 35.2-2. Options


Description Current transformermulti-tap, split core current transformer (3000:5 A) Option Code TX2 H A M W C L A

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Hands-off auto switchprovides manual control to connect or disconnect capacitor stages regardless of controller output Remote alarm relayrelay for a remote alarm to indicate inability to reach target power factor Molded-case circuit breaker (65 kAIC at 480V) Weatherproong (NEMA 3R) Communicating controller (RS-485/Modbus) Metering and thermostatic temperature control

A current transformer with a 5A secondary is required to operate an automatic capacitor bank. Rating based on service entrance ampacity. For other ratios, please consult factory.

Table 35.2-3. Enclosure JDimensions in Inches (mm)


Description Without MCCB With MCCB Height A 36.00 (914.4) 60.00 (1524.0) Depth B 13.67 (347.2) 13.67 (347.2)

0.63 (16.0)

Figure 35.2-2. Side View of Enclosure J

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 027

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.2-3

AUTOVAR 600 Automatic Power Factor Correction Capacitor Systems

Features
Conguration

AUTOVAR 600

General Description
Service entrance power factor correction installations requiring precise maintenance of target power factor. Programmable to automatically add/ subtract capacitor banks to maintain preset target power factor Heavy-duty, three-phase capacitor construction Five-year warranty of cells

Cabinet: 12 gauge steel with ANSI 61 gray, baked enamel nish. Lift bolts standard, NEMA 1 Power line interconnect: Rugged, copper bus bar connection with access provided for top or bottom entry. Bus bars are braced for 65 kAIC at 480V. All internal power wiring connections from bus are laid out on a most direct basis with minimum bends for ease of troubleshooting. Clear barrier limiting access to live parts included standard Modular tray design: Capacitor banks arranged in modular trays with capacitors, fuses, blown-fuse indicating lights, and contactors grouped in a logical, easily understood layout. This permits easy access, quick identication of operating problems and ease of expandability Fusing: UL recognized, 200,000A interrupting capacity provided on all three phases of each bank. Blade-type fuses mounted on insulator stand-offs Blown-fuse lights: Blown-fuse indicating lights located on the door-mounted blown and at individual fuses to facilitate tracing of cleared fuses Push-to-test: Allows testing of door-mounted blown fuse indicating lights AutoLocate: When door is open and bus is energized, fuse circuit automatically checks for cleared fuses. If a fuse has cleared, the light at the fuse comes on for easy troubleshooting Door interlock: Door interlock automatically turns off control circuit when engaged. Power continues to be provided to the unit until disconnect is open

Exhaust fans: Two fans per cabinet provide thermal protection. Dust ltering provided Ease of expansion: Capacitor stage nests are self-contained and can be added in the eld. Two bolts mount the nest in the eld. Control wire plugs connect to factory standard wire harness on the left side of the cabinet Ease of replacement: Cells can be easily individually replaced by removing the mounting bolt and lifting out of the nest without removal of any other components

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Controller

Visual indication of incorrect CT polarity Digital display of power factor and number of energized banks Automatic setting of c/k value (sensitivity based on CT ratio and kVAR available) Alarm on failed step Visual indication of insufcient kVAR to reach target power factor Capacitors disabled in steps within 35 milliseconds of main power interruption Automatic sensing of kVAR values per step Optional communications capable (RS-485/Modbus) controller Optional metering capability: Voltage Current (sensed phase only) Frequency Active power (kW) Reactive power (kVAR) Apparent power (kVA) Optional thermostatic control exhaust fans

CA08104001E

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35.2-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

September 2011
Sheet 35 028

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

Contactor
Fully rated for capacitor switching up to 60 kVAR at 600V Integral pre-charge/pre-insertion module standard. The contactor reduces damaging switching transients. This provides safety and durability for the system: Lessens the chance of disrupting sensitive electronic equipment Reduced inrush current extends the life of the capacitor cells

Additional Features

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Optional molded-case circuit breaker, rated 65 kAIC at 480V and 600V Personnel ground fault interruption provides protection in case of accidental contact with control power and ground Control wiringstandard NEC color-coded modular bundles with quick disconnect feature for ease of troubleshooting or ease of expendability Optional digital meteringIQ 250 Bottom cable entry spacing

Modular Step Nest Assembly

Factory Pre-Wired for Future Expansion

Standards and Certications


Bottom Entry Location

AUTOVAR 600UL and CSA listed ContactorUL/CSA recognized

AUTOVAR 600Interior View

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 029

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

35.2-5

Technical Data and Specications


Table 35.2-4. Floor-Mounted Switched Capacitor Bank Low Voltage Applications
kVAR Step x kVAR Rated Current Amperes 180 214 300 316 481 600 720 844 965 180 240 300 360 420 480 540 600 660 720 792 840 864 960 1008 1080 1200 1320 1440 144 192 240 288 336 384 432 480 528 576 634 672 692 768 1008 864 960 1056 1152 Enclosure Size Shipping Weight Lbs (kg) 644 (292.4) 692 (314.2) 740 (336.0) 788 (357.8) 884 (401.3) 944 (428.6) 1022 (464.0) 1616 (734.0) 1704 (774.0) 632 (287.0) 676 (306.9) 720 (326.9) 764 (346.9) 808 (366.8) 852 (386.8) 896 (406.8) 944 (428.6) 984 (446.7) 1022 (464.0) 1010 (458.5) 1616 (734.0) 1050 (476.7) 1704 (774.0) 1690 (767.7) 1792 (814.0) 1888 (857.0) 1966 (893.0) 2044 (928.0) 632 (287.0) 676 (306.9) 720 (326.9) 764 (346.9) 808 (366.8) 852 (386.8) 896 (406.8) 944 (428.6) 984 (446.7) 1022 (464.0) 1010 (458.5) 1616 (734.0) 1050 (476.7) 1704 (774.0) 1690 (767.7) 1792 (814.0) 1888 (857.0) 1966 (893.0) 2044 (928.0) Fused Catalog Number 75TPCSR231 100TPCSR231 125TPCSR231 150TPCSR231 200TPCSR231 250TPCSR231 300TPCSR231 350TPCSR231 400TPCSR231 150TPCSR431 200TPCSR431 250TPCSR431 300TPCSR431 350TPCSR431 400TPCSR431 450TPCSR431 500TPCSR431 550TPCSR431 600TPCSR431 660TPCSR431 700TPCSR431 720TPCSR431 800TPCSR431 840TPCSR431 900TPCSR431 1000TPCSR431 1100TPCSR431 1200TPCSR431 150TPCSR631 200TPCSR631 250TPCSR631 300TPCSR631 350TPCSR631 400TPCSR631 450TPCSR631 500TPCSR631 550TPCSR631 600TPCSR631 660TPCSR631 700TPCSR631 720TPCSR631 800TPCSR631 840TPCSR631 900TPCSR631 1000TPCSR631 1100TPCSR631 1200TPCSR631

22
Table 35.2-5. Options
Description Current transformermulti-tap, split core current transformer (3000:5 A) Hands-off auto switchprovides manual control to connect or disconnect capacitor stages regardless of controller output Remote alarm relayrelay for a remote alarm to indicate inability to reach target power factor Molded-case circuit breaker (65 kAIC at 480V) Weatherproong (NEMA 3R) Communicating controller (RS-485/Modbus) Metering and thermostatic temperature control IQ 250 solid-state meter Option Code TX2 H A M W C L Q

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

240 Vac
75 100 125 150 200 250 300 350 400 3 x 25 4 x 25 5 x 25 6 x 25 8 x 25 10 x 25 12 x 25 7 x 50 8 x 50 3 x 50 4 x 50 5 x 50 6 x 50 7 x 50 8 x 50 9 x 50 10 x 50 11 x 50 12 x 50 11 x 60 7 x 100 12 x 60 8 x 100 14 x 60 9 x 100 10 x 100 11 x 100 12 x 100 3 x 50 4 x 50 5 x 50 6 x 50 7 x 50 8 x 50 9 x 50 10 x 50 11 x 60 12 x 50 11 x 60 7 x 100 12 x 60 8 x 100 14 x 60 9 x 100 10 x 100 11 x 100 12 x 100 L L L L L L L KK KK L L L L L L L L L L L L L KK L KK KK KK KK L L L L L L L L L L L KK L KK KK KK KK KK KK

480 Vac
150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 660 700 720 800 840 900 1000 1100 1200

A current transformer with a 5A secondary is required to operate an automatic capacitor bank. Rating based on service entrance ampacity. For other ratios, please consult factory. Not available with weatherproong option.

600 Vac
150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 660 700 720 800 840 900 1000 1100 1200

Note: Other ratings available, please consult factory.

CA08104001E

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35.2-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 030

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Dimensions in Inches (mm)

Figure 35.2-3. AUTOVAR L (Single Door) Enclosure

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 031

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

35.2-7

Dimensions in Inches (mm)

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

Figure 35.2-4. AUTOVAR KK (One Double Door) Enclosure

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

CA08104001E

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35.2-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

September 2011
Sheet 35 032

22 23 24

AUTOVAR FilterLV Automatic Harmonic Filter

General Description
Automatically switched harmonic lter/ power factor corrections systems.

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
AUTOVAR Filter

Programmable to automatically add/subtract lter banks to maintain preset target power factor Filter steps tuned for maximum efciency in reducing harmonic currents in three-phase environments with heavy nonlinear loads Efcient modular design for short lead times, ease of maintenance and ease of future expansion Heavy-duty, three-phase capacitor construction with reliable, threaded terminal connections Cool operating, 100% copper wound, thermal protected reactors are sized up to 150% of rated capacitor current

Application Description
Service entrance power factor correction installations requiring precise maintenance of target power factor in three-phase, nonlinear, high harmonic environments.

33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
AUTOVAR FilterInterior View

Features
Conguration
Operation: AUTOVAR harmonic lters are designed to be sized the same as any power factor correction unit. In most low voltage applications where harmonics are generated by nonlinear loads, no harmonic audit is necessary to design the AUTOVAR lter because it is already designed for typical harmonic spectrums at the kVAR size specied Cabinet: 12 gauge steel with ANSI 61 gray, baked enamel nish. Lift bolts standard, NEMA 1 Power line interconnect: Rugged, copper bus bar connection with access provided for top or bottom entry. Bus bars are braced for 65 kAIC at 480V. All internal power wiring connections from bus are laid out on a most direct basis with minimum bends for ease of troubleshooting. Clear barrier limiting access to live parts included standard

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 033

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.2-9

Modular tray design: Capacitor banks arranged in modular trays with capacitors, fuses, blown-fuse indicating lights, and contactors grouped in a logical, easily understood layout. This permits easy access, quick identication of operating problems and ease of expandability Fusing: UL recognized, 200,000A interrupting capacity provided on all three phases of each bank. Blade-type fuses mounted on insulator stand-offs Blown-fuse lights: Blown-fuse indicating lights located on the door-mounted blown and at individual fuses to facilitate tracing of cleared fuses Push-to-test: Allows testing of door-mounted blown fuse indicating lights AutoLocate: When door is open and bus energized, fuse circuit automatically checks for cleared fuses. If a fuse has cleared, the light at the fuse comes on for easy troubleshooting Door interlock: Door interlock automatically turns off control circuit when engaged. Power continues to be provided to the unit until disconnect is open Exhaust fans: Two fans per cabinet provide thermal protection. Dust ltering provided Ease of expansion: Capacitor stage nests are self-contained and can be added in the eld. Control wire plugs connect to factory standard wire harness on the left side of the cabinet Ease of replacement: Cells can be easily individually replaced by removing the mounting bolt and lifting out of the nest without removal of any other components

Visual indication of insufcient kVAR to reach target power factor Capacitors disabled in steps within 35 milliseconds of main power interruption Automatic sensing of kVAR values per step Optional communications capable (RS-485/Modbus) controller Optional metering capability: Voltage Current (sensed phase only) Frequency Active power (kW) Reactive power (kVAR) Apparent power (kVA) Optional thermostatic control exhaust fans

Additional Features
Optional molded-case circuit breaker rated 65 kAIC at 480V and 600V Personnel ground fault interruption provides protection in case of accidental contact with control power and ground Control wiringstandard NEC color-coded modular bundles with quick disconnect feature for ease of troubleshooting or ease of expendability

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Contactor
Fully rated for capacitor switching up to 60 kVAR at 600V Integral pre-charge/pre-insertion module standard. The contactor reduces damaging switching transients. This provides safety and durability for the system: Lessens the chance of disrupting sensitive electronic equipment Reduced inrush current extends the life of the capacitor cells

Reactors

Controller
Visual indication of incorrect CT polarity Digital display of power factor and number of energized banks Automatic setting of c/k value (sensitivity based on CT ratio and kVAR available) Alarm on failed step

Tuning: Reactors tuned to the 4.7th harmonic order (nominal 5th). This provides maximum effectiveness in reducing harmonic currents in threephase systems with harmonics caused by 6-pulse devices Detuning: Reactor designs can be detuned upon request (4.2nd, 6.7th for example) to protect capacitors against alternate harmonics Windings: 100% copper windings for minimal temperature rise under load Thermal overload protection: Each reactor includes three normally closed, auto reset thermostats that open at 180C. When thermostats engage, the contactor opens Insulation: 220C insulation system Warranty: One-year replacement of reactors

AUTOVAR FilterReactor Cabinet

37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Standards and Certications


AUTOVAR lterUL and CSA listed ContactorUL/CSA recognized

CA08104001E

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35.2-10 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

September 2011
Sheet 35 034

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Technical Data and Specications


Table 35.2-6. Floor-Mounted Switched Harmonic FiltersLow Voltage
kVAR Step x kVAR Rated Current Amperes 180 240 300 360 420 480 540 600 660 720 144 192 241 288 336 384 432 480 528 576 Enclosure Size Shipping Weight Lbs (kg) 1242 (564.6) 1438 (652.9) 1634 (741.8) 1830 (830.8) 2026 (919.8) 2222 (1008.8) 2371 (1076.4) 2525 (1146.4) 2750 (1248.5) 2830 (1284.8) 1242 (564.6) 1438 (652.9) 1634 (741.8) 1830 (830.8) 2026 (919.8) 2222 (1008.8) 2371 (1076.4) 2525 (1146.4) 2750 (1248.5) 2830 (1284.8) Fused Catalog Number 150THFSR431 200THFSR431 250THFSR431 300THFSR432 350THFSR432 400THFSR432 450THFSR432 500THFSR432 550THFSR432 600THFSR432 150THFSR632 200THFSR632 250THFSR632 300THFSR632 350THFSR632 400THFSR632 450THFSR632 500THFSR632 550THFSR632 600THFSR632

Table 35.2-7. Options


Description Current transformermulti-tap, split core current transformer Option Code TX2

480 Vac
150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 3 x 50 4 x 50 5 x 50 6 x 50 7 x 50 8 x 50 9 x 50 10 x 50 11 x 50 12 x 50 3 x 50 4 x 50 5 x 50 6 x 50 7 x 50 8 x 50 9 x 50 10 x 50 11 x 50 12 x 50 L L L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L KK or L + L

Hands-off Auto Switchprovides manual control to connect or H disconnect capacitor stages regardless of controller output Remote alarm relayrelay for a remote alarm to indicate inability to reach target power factor Molded case circuit breaker (65 kAIC at 480 V) Weatherproong (NEMA 3R) Communicating controller (RS-485/Modbus) Metering and thermostatic temperature control IQ 250 solid-state meter A M W C L Q

600 Vac
150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600

A current transformer with a 5A secondary is required to operate an automatic capacitor bank. Rating based on service entrance ampacity. For other ratios, please consult factory. Not available with weatherproong option.

Notes:
L + L under Enclosure Size denotes two Size L enclosures

one for the capacitors, one for the reactor case


For KK enclosure design, change the last digit of the catalog

number to 1. For example, 500THFSR431


Other ratings available, please consult factory Enclosures for 550 and 600 kVAR at 480V and 600V will be one

double-door section wide if circuit breakers are required (Enclosure Size KK)
240V lters available, please consult factory

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 035

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 600 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

35.2-11

Dimensions

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Figure 35.2-5. AUTOVAR l + l (Two Single Door) Enclosures

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

CA08104001E

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35.2-12 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 036

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

This page intentionally left blank.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 037

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
General Description

35.3-1

Active-Harmonic FilterHarmonic Correction UnitNEMA 1 Enclosure Specications

The HCU can guarantee the harmonic cancellation performance to the requirements of standards such as IEEE 519, IEC 61000 3-2, 3-4, G5/4-1 and GB/T 14549; irrespective of the loading conditions of the system or the load. The HCU also is ideal for critical installations where the shunt connected HCU does not interfere with the reliability and operation of the installation compared to some series-connected solutions. HCUs are very easy to size, select and apply and are available in a variety of enclosure options including Chassis, NEMA and IP ratings. The HCU can be used in both threephase, three-wire and three-phase, four-wire electrical networks, and up to medium voltages of 15 kV (direct connect up to 480V. The HCUs autodetecting voltage and frequency features make it a versatile device to select without having the system information upfront. The HCU is unique in its capability to operate in dual mode of operation, allowing cancellation of both integral harmonics in discreet spectrum mode and subharmonics and interharmonics in continuous spectrum mode. The HCU also features the capability of providing dynamic VAR injection, thereby providing both true and displacement power factor correction to lagging 0.98 without the inherrent drawbacks of resonance and harmonic overload experienced by traditional passive solutions.

The ability to use the HCU in either dynamic VAR compensation mode or harmonic mitigation mode, or in combination mode makes this an ideal solution in improving other types of power quality problems such as icker reduction. The three frame sizes of HCU and practically unlimited paralleling capability allow it to be connected either as a bus connected or a load connected solution, providing the desired harmonics performance at the bus or at the load.

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Applications

Harmonic Correction Units NEMA 1 Enclosure

General Description
Harmonic Correction Units
Harmonic correction unit (HCU) provides dynamic harmonic cancellation when connected to an electrical network. The HCU monitors the distorted electrical signal, separates the fundamental and harmonic content and actively injects the opposing distorted spectrum to cancel and correct the harmonics.

PWM AC drives DC drives Water and wastewater treatment plants HVACcommercial Compliance to IEEE 519: Military Industrial Commercial

CA08104001E

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35.3-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
General Description

September 2011
Sheet 35 038

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Product Specication
Table 35.3-1. AccuSine Product Specification
Description Standard rms output current ratings Nominal voltage Other voltages Nominal frequency Number of phases Power electronics Topology Operation with single-phase loads Current transformers (CT) Number of CTs required Normal spectrum of compensation Attenuation ratio Parallel multiple units CT location Power factor correction Response time Overload Dynamic current injection Display Languages Operators Display parameters Specication 50A, 100A, 300A 208480 V 10% auto-sensing With transformer 50/60 Hz 3 Hz auto-sensing 3P/3W, 3P/4W IGBT Analog/digital interface Yes 1000/5, 3000/5, 5000/5 (400 Hz) 2 or 3 2nd to 50th harmonic global > 10:1 Yes, any rating combinations Either source or load sensing Yes, leading or lagging injection to target power factor 100 microseconds for step load changes, 1 cycle full response Limited to nominal output, continuous operation Up to 2.25 times rated current High quality 3.8 inches QVGA screen English, with other language capability Graphic touch screen terminal AC line voltage, DC bus voltage, load power factor unit output power factor Load harmonic current, load reactive current, output harmonic current, corrected load current Various fault codes, set up parameter points start, stop control screen Communication capability Heat losses Noise level (ISO 3746) Color Operating temperature Relative humidity Seismic qualication Operating altitude Protection (enclosure) Optional: CE EMC certication Modbus, Modbus TCP/IP N1 unit: 1800W for 50A, 3000W for 100A, 9000W for 300A N12, IP units: 2150W for 50A, 3700W for 100A, 10,000W for 300A < 80 db at one meter from unit surface NEMA 1 quartz gray, all others RAL7032 0 to 40C continuous 095% noncondensing IBC and ASCE7 < 1000m (derating factors apply for higher altitudes at 10% per 1000m) NEMA 1, NEMA 12, IP30, IP54 IEC/EN60439-1, EN61000-6-4 Class A, EN61000-6-2

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 039

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

35.3-3

Sizing and Product Selection


Table 35.3-2. Harmonic Control Units RatingsNEMA 1 EnclosedDimensions in Inches (mm)
Voltage Frequency Total Watt Exterior Current Losses H x W x D Amperes (kW) (rms) 50/60 50/60 50/60 50 100 300 1.8 3.0 8.0 51.80 x 20.70 x 18.50 (1315.7 x 525.8 x 469.9) 68.70 x 20.70 x 18.50 (1745.0 x 525.8 x 469.9) 74.90 x 32.20 x 19.50 (1902.5) x 817.9 x 495.3) Unit Weight Lbs (kg) Enclosure Type Disconnect Model Type

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

208480 208480 208480

250 (113.5) Wall-mount/NEMA 1 350 (158.9) Wall-mount/NEMA 1 775 (351.9) Free-standing/NEMA 1 X

HCUE050D5N1 HCUE100D5N1 HCUE300D5N1

Table 35.3-3. Current Transformer RatingsDimensions in Inches (mm)


AC Line Current Rating 1000 3000 5000 Type Split Split Split Internal Diameter 4.65 (118.1) 6.50 (165.1) 7.50 (190.5) Model Type CT1000SC CT3000SC CT5000SC

Note: Current transformers are rated for 400 Hz. Two current transformers are required for three-phase loads. Three current transformers are required when single-phase loads are present.

Installation Options

30
Power Source or Upstream Panel Distribution Power or Motor Control Center Power Source or Upstream Panel Distribution Power or Motor Control Center

31 32 33 34

Connected Load

Connected Load

Connected Load

Other Load

Connected Load

Other Load

35 36 37 38

AHF

Harmonic Cancellation and/or Power Factor Correction of All Loads on Panel

AHF Harmonic Cancellation and/or Power Factor Correction of All Loads on Panel

39 40 41 42 43

Figure 35.3-1. Source CT Location

Figure 35.3-2. Load CT Location

CA08104001E

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35.3-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
Technical Data

September 2011
Sheet 35 040

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Power Source or Upstream Panel

= Source CT Location = Load CT Location Distribution Power or Motor Control Center

Power Source or Upstream Panel

= Source CT Location = Load CT Location Distribution Power or Motor Control Center

Harmonic Cancellation and/or Power Factor Correction of the Loads on a Single Branch

Other Load

Other Load

Other Load

Other Load

More Than 25 Feet per NEC 240.21


Junction Box

Breaker or Fused Disconnect Less Than 25 Feet per NEC 240.21 AHF
Connected Load

AHF

Connected Load

Figure 35.3-3. Source or Load CT LocationThree Possible CT Locations Shown


Utility Line #1

Figure 35.3-4. Source or Load CT LocationFour Possible CT Locations Shown


Utility Line #2

Main Transformer 52 CT Phase A XXXX/5 CT Phase A XXXX/5 Tie 52T No CT Phase A XXXX/5 Main A NC

Main Transformer

Note: Both main and tie CT ratio have to be identical.

52

Main B NC CT Phase A XXXX/5

Bus A

Bus B

52

52

Capacitor Bank A

Capacitor Bank B

41 42 43

Note: Low voltage system is similar.

Figure 35.3-5. Automatic Capacitor BanksMedium Voltage MainTieMain

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 041

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

35.3-5

Model Drawings
Model HCUE050 Layout DimensionsNEMA 1 Enclosure
The HCUE050 series offers 50A of corrective current in a convenient package. The enclosed model comes standard with a human machine interface panel for control diagnostics, communications and programming. Input fuses are included. The enclosed unit includes a removable panel for bottom conduit entry.

22 23 24
20.70 (525.8) 9.80 (248.9) Heat Sink Opening 4.60 (116.8)

25 26 27 28

16.70 (424.2)

18.70 (475.0)

29 30

17.30 (439.4) 5.10 (129.5) 4.00 (101.6) HMI 5.90 (149.9) 50.30 (1277.6) 51.80 (1315.7)

31 32 33 34 35 36 37
5.30 (134.6)

38 39
6.30 (160.0) 5.70 (144.8)

Conduit Plate

40 41 42 43

6.30 (160.0) 8.90 (226.1)

Inlet Air Opening

5.30 (134.6)

Figure 35.3-6. HCUE05050A, 208480V

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.3-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions Model HCUE100 Layout DimensionsNEMA 1 Enclosure

September 2011
Sheet 35 042

22 23 24 25 26 27 28

The HCUE100 series offers 100A of corrective current in a wall-mounted NEMA 1 enclosure. The enclosed model comes standard with a human machine interface module for control, diagnostics, communications and programming. Input fuses are included. The enclosed unit includes a removable panel for bottom conduit entry.

20.70 (525.8) 9.80 (249.0) Heat Sink Opening

4.60 (116.8)

16.70 (424.2)

18.70 (475.0)

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
5.30 (134.6) 4.00 (101.6) HMI 67.20 (1706.9) 68.70 (1745.0) 20.60 (523.2) 5.10 (129.5)

5.90 (149.9)

39
Conduit Plate

40 41 42 43
6.30 (160.0) 8.90 (226.1) 5.70 (144.8)

6.30 (160.0)

Inlet Air Opening

5.30 (134.6)

Figure 35.3-7. HCUE100100A 208480V

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 043

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters 480 Volts AC and Below
Dimensions

35.3-7

Model HCUE300 Layout DimensionsNEMA 1 Enclosure


The HCUE300 series offers 300A of corrective current for large capacity applications. It is available in a oor-standing NEMA 1 enclosure (including a door-interlocking disconnect). The enclosed model comes standard with a human machine interface module for control, diagnostics, communications and programming. Input fuses are included. The enclosed unit includes a removable panel for top conduit entry.

22 23 24

32.00 (812.8) 23.20 (589.3) Conduit Plate 6.50 (165.1) 3.10 (78.7)

25 26

Heat Sink Opening

27 28

8.00 (203.2) 28.90 (734.1)

21.80 (553.7) 17.10 (434.3)

29 30

14.80 (375.9) HMI 5.10 (129.5)

31 32 33
74.80 (1899.9) 10.80 (274.3) 77.10 (1958.3)

4.00 (101.6) 7.40 (188.0)

34 35 36 37 38

12.50 (317.5) Inlet Air Opening

24.30 (617.2) A

4X 0.40 4X (10.2)

0.60 (15.2)

39 40

14.70 (373.4) Detail A Scale 1:12

41 42 43

Figure 35.3-8. HCUE300300A 208480V

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.3-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 044

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

This page intentionally left blank.

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 045

Low Voltage
General Description

35.4-1

Transient-Free Statically Switched Capacitor Bank

General Description
The Eaton transient-free statically switched (TFSS) capacitor systems represent the next level of power system enhancements by using semiconductor devices to switch capacitors at the same potential or zero potential difference, thereby eliminating the possible problem of transients caused by capacitor switching and increasing the speed of capacitive VAR compensation. This level of performance is needed when high-current loads rapidly switch on and off and require power factor, voltage icker, sag or harmonic correction. These disturbances can be found in many industries, including rock crushing, arc-welding, plastic injection molding and crane applications. Transient-free statically switched capacitor units are available in two broader models. The FTE model is a real-time transientfree system, used to compensate extremely rapid loads within one cycle of operation (typically 520 msec). The FTA model is a fast transient-free system, used to compensate any loads within 34 seconds. Units are available in a variety of tuning orders/ percentage reactor combinations.

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Application Description
Applications to correct power factor and/or provide voltage support can include:
Power Factor Correction Unit

Flicker reduction Motor starting Bus voltage stabilization Grid fault ride-through On-site generation support Spot welding Wind turbines Other dynamic loads

Three current transformers with a 5A secondary are required for proper operation of a TFSS system. Primary CT current rating is based on service entrance ampacity. Startup and commissioning by factory-trained personnel is required for proper operation and warranty of a TFSS system.

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.4-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Low Voltage


Features and Benets

September 2011
Sheet 35 046

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Features and Benets


Transient-free capacitor group switching, using electronic switching elements Simultaneous connection/ disconnection of all required steps Consistent capacitor values and stable lter characteristics Harmonic ltration Smaller footprints for larger capacitor banks Reduced maintenance cost Ultra-fast compensation of reactive power with response time as quick as 24 ms Three independent control modes: Power factor control Voltage control Load sharing with another compensation system connected to the same transformer Unique SCAN feature reduces capacitor duty cycles Remote control of compensation systems available via LAN or Ethernet Integrated three-phase network analyzer: Measures all power parameters on each phase (V, I, kW, kVAR, kVA) Measures voltage and current harmonics to the 63rd harmonic FTE unit includes all of the above, and:

Standards and Certications


Enclosure

Technical Data and Specications


Network Voltage

EMCEN50081-2, EN50082-2, EN55011, EN61000-4-2/3/4/5, ENV50204, ENV50141 CE Mark73/23/EEC am 93/68, 98/37/EC Article 4(2) SafetyEN61010-1, EN60439-1, EN60204 UL 508 CSA

210690V Engineered solutions up to 35 kV 4555 Hz for 50 Hz network 5565 Hz for 60 Hz network Up to 12 groups per one controller Switching sequence: 1:1:1:1 (all equal) 1:2:2:2 (half group) 1:2:4:4 (quarter, half groups)

Frequency

Capacitor Group Congurations


Response Time
FTE520 ms for a 50 Hz network FTE416 ms for a 60 Hz network FTA14 second maximum

Reduces voltage icker and voltage sag Provides network reactive power support Offers voltage control options Base product is three-phase balanced delta connected. For unbalanced single-phase system, please consult factory

Figure 35.4-1. Application ExampleSpot Welding

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 047

Low Voltage
General Description

35.4-3

Catalog Number Selection


Table 35.4-1. Transient-Free Statically Switched Unit Catalog Numbering System

22

FTE SZ G SW U P N M L1 COM
Type FTE FTEU FTEW FTA = Real time balanced = Real time unbalanced = Voltage control option = Fast acting kVAR Total power in kVAR Typically in steps of 50 kVAR beginning with 100 kVAR Number of Groups Maximum 12 Switching Sequence 1 = 1:1:1:1 2 = 1:2:2:2 4 = 1:2:4:4 Percent Reactor (Tuning) P14 = 14% (2.67th order) P7 = 7% (3.8th order) P567 = 6.67% (4.2nd order) P49 = 4.9% (4.5th order) System Voltage 480 = 480V 600 = 600V 690 or above = MV Enclosure N1 = NEMA 1 N12 = NEMA 12 N3R = NEMA 3R Optional Communications Card RS-485/Modbus Optional Measurement Levels L1 = Default (includes f, l, V, Power) L2 = L1 + Harmonics L3 = L2 + Waveform Circuit Breaker

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

MV units require a correctly sized and specied step up transformer and MV and LV interconnection, switching and protection. All systems are offered with Measurement Level 1 and no communications card. The measurement levels can be upgraded to higher measurement options as well as for communications.

Note: Balanced system employs two-phase switching. Unbalanced system employs individual three-phase switching.

CA08104001E

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35.4-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Low Voltage


Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 048

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Dimensions
Typical modular section is 31.50 W x 23.50 D x 82.70 H inches (800.1 W x 596.9 D x 2100.6 H mm) for up to 400 kVAR at 480V. An integral breaker can add a 25.00 inch (635.0 mm) width section to the enclosure.

36.30 (922.0)

110.39 (2804.0)
Cable Entry

30.28 (769.0)

6.18 (157.0)

104.88 (2664.0)

109.41 (2779.0)

Figure 35.4-2. 900 kVAR Fast Transient-Free Switching SystemDimensions in Inches (mm)

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 049

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description

35.5-1

Univar XV (5 kV Class)

General Description
Capacitors for medium voltage, heavy-duty applications:

Features, Benets and Functions


Standard Features
Enclosure Terminal Box
14-gauge steel nished with durable baked-on enamel. The wiring enclosure is gasketed to create a weatherproof, dustproof seal. Universal mounting anges are provided for oor installation. The elimination of knockouts permits indoor/outdoor use. Unit meets NEMA 1, 3R and 12 requirements. Enclosure is painted ANSI 61 gray.

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Univar capacitors are designed for power factor correction in applications where a xed amount of capacitance (kVAR) is required 2400V, 4160V, 4800V Fast economical payback Individual units or multiple assemblies can be designed Indoor dustproof/outdoor waterproof enclosures (NEMA 12, NEMA 3R) Floor mounting. Two- or three-phase fused options for 24004800V NEMA 3R terminal box

Features
Viewing window Top and side entry Removable front cover

Note: NEC Article 460.8 (b)(1)requires capacitors to have overcurrent protection in all ungrounded conductors (except if connected on the load side of a motor overload protection device). Three-phase capacitors fused only on two phases will not provide adequate protection if a line-to-ground fault should occur in the unfused phase. Univar XV Fixed Medium Voltage PFC Unit

Fusing
Fuses are rated 50,000A symmetrical interrupting capacity. Ratings are 165% to 250% of rated current. Fuses have visual pop-up blown fuse indication standard.

Discharge Resistors

Application Description
Large motors Motor control centers Branch circuits Service entrances

These reduce the residual voltage to less than 50V residual within 5 minutes of de-energization.

Grounding Stud

Standard Large size for easy connection Plated copper one-hole termination pad 40 to 115F (40 to +46C)

Power Line Terminals


Operating Temperature

Optional Features

Two or three fuses CSA testing and labels

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.5-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Technical Data

September 2011
Sheet 35 050

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Technical Data and Specications


Table 35.5-1. Univar Three-Phase Ratings
Volts 2400 4160 4800 Hertz 60 60 60 kVAR 25825 25900 25900

Table 35.5-2. Two-Phase Fused


kVAR 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 575 600 600 625 650 675 700 725 750 775 800 825 850 875 900 2400V 25243MVF 50243MVF 75243MVF 100243MVF 125243MVF 150243MVF 175243MVF 200243MVF 225243MVF 250243MVF 275243MVF 300243MVF 325243MVF 350243MVF 375243MVF 400243MVF 425243MVF 450243MVF 475243MVF 500243MVF 525243MVF 550243MVF 575243MVF 600243MVF 625243MVF 650243MVF 675243MVF 700243MVF 725243MVF 750243MVF 775243MVF 800243MVF 825243MVF 4160V 25413MVF 50413MVF 75413MVF 100413MVF 125413MVF 150413MVF 175413MVF 200413MVF 225413MVF 250413MVF 275413MVF 300413MVF 325413MVF 350413MVF 375413MVF 400413MVF 425413MVF 450413MVF 475413MVF 500413MVF 525413MVF 550413MVF 575413MVF 600413MVF 625413MVF 650413MVF 675413MVF 700413MVF 725413MVF 750413MVF 775413MVF 800413MVF 825413MVF 850413MVF 875413MVF 900413MVF 4800V 25483MVF 50483MVF 75483MVF 100483MVF 125483MVF 150483MVF 175483MVF 200483MVF 225483MVF 250483MVF 275483MVF 300483MVF 325483MVF 350483MVF 375483MVF 400483MVF 425483MVF 450483MVF 475483MVF 500483MVF 525483MVF 550483MVF 575483MVF 600483MVF 625483MVF 650483MVF 675483MVF 700483MVF 725483MVF 750483MVF 775483MVF 800483MVF 825483MVF 850483MVF 875483MVF 900483MVF Dimension (A) Inches (mm) 34.44 (875.0) 34.44 (875.0) 34.44 (875.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) Approx. Weight Lbs (kg) 70 (32) 70 (32) 70 (32) 75 (34) 83 (38) 88 (40) 93 (42) 99 (45) 109 (49) 109 (49) 121 (55) 121 (55) 172 (78) 177 (80) 182 (83) 188 (85) 194 (88) 206 (93) 214 (97) 214 (97) 214 (97) 226 (103) 238 (108) 238 (108) 259 (118) 238 (108) 265 (121) 279 (127) 287 (131) 295 (134) 295 (134) 295 (134) 295 (134) 307 (140) 319 (145) 331 (151) 331 (151) 331 (151) 331 (151) Figure Number Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3

Note: To be used on un-grounded delta systems or high-resistance grounded systems only. Note: Add sufx C for CSA label.

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 051

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Technical Data

35.5-3

Table 35.5-3. Three-Phase Fused


kVAR 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 575 600 600 625 650 675 700 725 750 775 800 825 850 875 900 2400V 25243MVF3 50243MVF3 75243MVF3 100243MVF3 125243MVF3 150243MVF3 175243MVF3 200243MVF3 225243MVF3 250243MVF3 275243MVF3 300243MVF3 325243MVF3 350243MVF3 375243MVF3 400243MVF3 425243MVF3 450243MVF3 475243MVF3 500243MVF3 525243MVF3 550243MVF3 575243MVF3 600243MVF3 625243MVF3 650243MVF3 675243MVF3 700243MVF3 725243MVF3 750243MVF3 775243MVF3 800243MVF3 825243MVF3 4160V 25413MVF3 50413MVF3 75413MVF3 100413MVF3 125413MVF3 150413MVF3 175413MVF3 200413MVF3 225413MVF3 250413MVF3 275413MVF3 300413MVF3 325413MVF3 350413MVF3 375413MVF3 400413MVF3 425413MVF3 450413MVF3 475413MVF3 500413MVF3 525413MVF3 550413MVF3 575413MVF3 600413MVF3 625413MVF3 650413MVF3 675413MVF3 700413MVF3 725413MVF3 750413MVF3 775413MVF3 800413MVF3 825413MVF3 850413MVF3 875413MVF3 900413MVF3 4800V 25483MVF3 50483MVF3 75483MVF3 100483MVF3 125483MVF3 150483MVF3 175483MVF3 200483MVF3 225483MVF3 250483MVF3 275483MVF3 300483MVF3 325483MVF3 350483MVF3 375483MVF3 400483MVF3 425483MVF3 450483MVF3 475483MVF3 500483MVF3 525483MVF3 550483MVF3 575483MVF3 600483MVF3 625483MVF3 650483MVF3 675483MVF3 700483MVF3 725483MVF3 750483MVF3 775483MVF3 800483MVF3 825483MVF3 850483MVF3 875483MVF3 900483MVF3 Dimension (A) Inches (mm) 34.44 (875.0) 34.44 (875.0) 34.44 (875.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 36.19 (919.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) 41.94 (1065.0) Approx. Weight Lbs (kg) 72 (32) 72 (32) 72 (32) 77 (34) 85 (38) 90 (40) 95 (42) 101 (45) 111 (49) 111 (49) 123 (55) 123 (55) 176 (78) 181 (80) 186 (83) 192 (85) 198 (88) 210 (93) 218 (97) 218 (97) 218 (97) 230 (103) 242 (108) 242 (108) 265 (118) 242 (108) 271 (121) 285 (127) 293 (131) 301 (134) 301 (134) 301 (134) 301 (134) 313 (140) 325 (145) 337 (151) 337 (151) 337 (151) 337 (151) Figure Number Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-1 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-2 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3 Figure 35.5-3

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Note: Add sufx C for CSA label.

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.5-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 052

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Dimensions

Figure 35.5-1. UNIVAR XV 5 kV Class, 25300 kVAR

Figure 35.5-2. UNIVAR XV 5 kV Class, 300600 kVAR

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 053

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Dimensions

35.5-5

Dimensions

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Figure 35.5-3. UNIVAR XV 5 kV Class, 575900 kVAR

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.5-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 054

22 23 24 25 26 27

Univar (15 kV Class)

General Description
Capacitors for medium voltage, heavy-duty applications:

Features, Benets and Functions


Standard Features
Enclosure
16-gauge steel nished with durable baked-on enamel. The wiring enclosure is gasketed to create a weatherproof, dustproof seal. Universal mounting anges are provided for oor installation. The elimination of knockouts permits indoor/outdoor use. Unit meets NEMA 1, 3R and 12 requirements. Enclosure is painted ANSI 70 gray.

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
Univar Fixed Medium Voltage PFC Unit

Univar capacitors are designed for power factor correction in applications where a xed amount of capacitance (kVAR) is required. 6600V, 7200V, 12,470V or 13,800V Fast economical payback Individual units or multiple assemblies can be designed Indoor dustproof/outdoor waterproof enclosures (NEMA 12, NEMA 3R) Floor mounting All units above 4800V are supplied with fusing on all three phases NEMA 3R terminal box

Fusing
Fuses are rated 50,000A symmetrical interrupting capacity. Ratings are 165% to 250% of rated current. Fuses have visual pop-up blown fuse indication standard.

Application Description
Large motors Motor control centers Branch circuits Service entrances

Discharge Resistors
These reduce the residual voltage to less than 50V residual within 5 minutes of de-energization.

Grounding Stud

Standard Large size for easy connection 40 to 115F (40 to +46C)

Power Line Terminals

Operating Temperature

Optional Features

CSA testing and labels

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 055

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Dimensions

35.5-7

Technical Data and Specications


Table 35.5-4. Univar Three-Phase Ratings
Volts 6600 7200 12,470 13,800 Hertz 60 60 60 60 kVAR 50400 50400 50500 50500

22 23 24 25
(B) Inches (mm) 45.50 (1156.0) 45.50 (1156.0) 45.50 (1156.0) 45.50 (1156.0) 48.50 (1232.0) 53.50 (1359.0) 53.50 (1359.0) 57.25 (1454.0) 57.25 (1454.0) 57.25 (1454.0) (C) Inches (mm) 14.46 (367.0) 14.46 (367.0) 14.46 (367.0) 14.46 (367.0) 17.46 (443.0) 17.46 (443.0) 17.46 (443.0) 22.46 (570.0) 22.46 (570.0) 26.21 (666.0) (D) Inches (mm) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) 0.25 (6.0) Approx. Weight Lbs (kg) 198 (90) 198 (90) 198 (90) 220 (100) 246 (112) 246 (112) 246 (112) 281 (128) 281 (128) 336 (153) Standard Drawing Number 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243 5D10243

Table 35.5-5. Standard Three Fuses (660013,800V)Refer to Figure 35.5-4 Below


Standard Three Fuses kVAR 6600V 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 50663FKED3 100663FKED3 150663FKED3 200663FKED3 250FKY66323 300FKY66323 350FKY66323 400FKY66323 7200V 50723FKED3 100723FKED3 150723FKED3 200723FKED3 250FKY72323 300FKY72323 350FKY72323 400FKY72323 12,470V 50123FKED3 100123FKED3 150123FKED3 200123FKED3 250FKY12323 300FKY12323 350FKY12323 400FKY12323 450FKY12323 500FKY12323 13,800V 50133FKED3 100133FKED3 150133FKED3 200133FKED3 250FKY13323 300FKY13323 350FKY13323 400FKY13323 450FKY13323 500FKY13323 Dimensions (A) Inches (mm) 4.25 (108.0) 4.25 (108.0) 4.25 (108.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0) 5.62 (143.0)

26 27 28 29 30 31

Dimensions
Removable Top Cover 16.42 34.00 Barriers Solderless Conn. for A #10 Solid to A #4 Strd. Conn. 0.250-20 Grd. Scr.

32 33 34

35
(2) 0.500 x 0.625 Slots [13 x 16] D

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

24.12 25.08

Figure 35.5-4. UNIVAR 15 kV Class, 50500 kVARDrawing Number 5D10243

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.5-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 056

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

This page intentionally left blank.

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 057

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description

35.6-1

Metal-Enclosed Medium Voltage

Safety and Aesthetics are Just Two Compelling Reasons to Use Metal-Enclosed PFC Systems

Application Description
Utility Customers
Metal-enclosed power factor correction systems are fully assembled, tested and ready for installation. Very little eld assembly is required. Installation and maintenance costs for metal-enclosed systems are low compared to pole and rack mounted capacitor banks. Metal-enclosed systems and harmonic lters are less vulnerable to wildlife and airborne contaminants that can cause tracking and faults. In addition, metal-enclosed systems signicantly reduce the risks and the associated liability involving untrained personnel. All live parts are contained in a grounded, key interlocked enclosure and no internal hardware is accessible. Metalenclosed systems are aesthetically pleasing due to their low prole, and can be painted to match the surrounding architecture. These are just some of the reasons more and more utilities are using metal-enclosed capacitor and harmonic lter systems.

Individual xed capacitors provide power factor correction directly at the cause of the problem, such as a large horsepower MV motor. Medium voltage systems allow large industrials to correct power factor at or close to the point of common coupling (PCC), where the utility electrical system meets theirs. This allows correction for an entire facility, instead of having to correct at multiple locations. The Eaton NEMA 3R design also allows the system to be placed outdoors, saving valuable manufacturing oor space. The savings can be enormous, in materials, installation costs and oor space. In short, medium voltage solutions provide a cost-effective alternative to many local low voltage power factor correction units, while protecting the customers entire electrical distribution system.

Benets
Ease of Installation
Eaton makes installation easy. All systems are completely assembled in the factory, with all equipment pre-wired and pre-tested for easy on-site installation. Only shipping splits must be connected in the eld. Splice kits connect bus systems, and control wiring is easily connected at each enclosure. Current limiting fuses, contactor assemblies, and the incoming switch assembly can be removed from the enclosure if needed. Line terminals are completely accessible from the front of the system.

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Personnel Safety
Positive mechanical isolating switch with visible disconnect completely grounds and isolates the unit from the line connectors. A screened barrier protects personnel from live parts. All medium voltage doors are mechanically interlocked with the disconnect switch. Key interlocks are provided standard on all enclosure doors, and can be coordinated with upstream disconnect devices. The low voltage control section has a separate door-in-door design, and is segregated from the medium voltage sections so that an operator can work in that section safely.

Commercial Customers
Many commercial customers are purchasing power from their utility at higher voltages today (2.415 kV), and can also take advantage of medium voltage power factor correction systems. These solutions can meet the needs of large ofce complexes, hospitals and universities, among others. The benets of safety (key interlocking, no exposed live parts, etc.), and aesthetics (low prole, can be painted to match environment) both meet the needs of these applications where there are large numbers of untrained personnel in proximity of electrical equipment.

Ease of Maintenance
All components are front-accessible, facilitating routine inspection or parts replacement. A viewing window is standard on all compartment doors.

Advantages
Eatons purchase of the Commonwealth Sprague capacitor systems business, with its over 70 years of market experience, provides a combination that allows the end user to obtain a world-class solution to ll their power factor needs. Quality and reliability are of paramount importance to not only the Eaton engineering team, but are also the backbone of all Eaton products and services. This commitment to quality means the customer can have a great deal of condence with the medium voltage capacitor or harmonic lter solution from Eatons electrical business.

Flexibility
Systems are expandable. The customer can add stages in the future by connecting the phase bus in the eld via splice kits. Structures can be bolted together in the eld.

Industrial Customers
Large industrial power users can use the benets associated with medium voltage power factor correction and harmonic ltering. Medium voltage solutions usually support the scale and scope of larger services. Medium voltage applications can be found in the following types of industries as examples: automotives, pulp and paper, plastics, petrochemical and heavy manufacturing.

Insulated Splice Kits Allow for Simple Interconnection in the Field

43

CA08104001E

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35.6-2 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description

September 2011
Sheet 35 058

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Autovar MV (2.414.4 kV)

Meets the following requirements: ANSI IEEE NEC NESC CSA (when specied) Main incoming fuses are rated 50 kAIC to provide main bus protection, as well as backup protection for the capacitor systems 4.00-inch base channel is standard

Load Interrupter Air Disconnect Switch


Integral disconnect switch, externally operated, mechanically chain driven with visible blades is available as per NEC requirements. Disconnect switch is mechanically interlocked with the ground switch, and with the customers upstream device (if applicable). Incoming section is front-accessible only for safety, and barrier isolates live connections from the user.

Medium Voltage Metal-Enclosed PFC System

Standard Features
Enclosure
Free-standing, 11-gauge steel construction with 3-point padlockable latching handles and stainless steel hinges. The enclosure is painted with a corrosion-resistant ANSI 61 light gray enamel paint as standard. Other colors are available as an option. NEMA 3R construction is standard, NEMA 3R stainless steel is available as an option. Enclosure is UL/CSA approved. Enclosure design is modular and future sections can be added on the left or right. See Figure 35.6-1 for typical dimensions and elevations. See Figure 35.6-2 for a typical single-line drawing.
Incoming Section

General Description
The Autovar medium voltage automatic power factor capacitor systems are designed for power factor correction in applications where plant power factor can be constant or changing, and an engineered solution is required. These systems can be a xed amount of capacitance with a disconnect, a number of switched capacitance stages or a combination of both. The Autovar medium voltage capacitor system can switch stages of capacitance in and out automatically based on information collected by the power factor controller on the door-in-door control panel.

Features, Benets and Functions


Ground Switch
A ground switch is provided to ground the load-side terminals of the incoming switch (or MLO) for safety during maintenance. Optional controls are available to permit closing contactors after the grounding switch has been closed to ground capacitors immediately (rather than waiting 5 minutes for full discharge).

40 41 42 43

Voltages from 2400 to 14,400V Reactive power ratings through 15 MVAR Harmonic tuned, de-tuned or multi-tuned lter designs available Externally fused capacitor units standard Blown fuse indication standard Integral load interrupter switch, NEMA 2- or 4-hole termination pad Delivered fully assembled, tested and ready for interconnection Integral protection and control system Top or bottom cable entry Earthing switch 60 kV BIL up to 4.8 kV 95 kV BIL from 7.2 kV to 14.4 kV Up to 12 automatic switched capacitor stages Warning labels Removable air lters without opening enclosure doors Adjustable blocking timers to prevent re-closing of a capacitor stage in less than 200 seconds

Medium Voltage PFC Enclosure

Bottom Plate Incoming Cutout Provided Standard

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 059

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description

35.6-3

Vacuum Switches
On 2.4 to 4.8 kV multi-stage capacitor systems, each stage is controlled by low maintenance Eaton SL AMPGARD three-pole vacuum contactors. On 6.6 to 14.4 kV multi-stage capacitor systems, each stage is controlled by low maintenance single-pole vacuum switches.

Harmonic Filtering
Eatons medium voltage harmonic lter systems are designed for industrial, utility and commercial power systems to improve power factor, reduce harmonic distortion, increase system capacity and reduce I2R losses. The reactors are typically tuned to the 4.7th harmonic, to mitigate the most damaging 5th level harmonic. This is the most common harmonic produced by six pulse variable speed drives. These lters are designed to the unique specications of each electrical distribution system. Medium voltage capacitor banks can also be congured with de-tuned anti-resonant harmonic lters, typically set to the 4.2nd harmonic. This helps avoid harmonic resonance problems, provides harmonic ltering, and avoids the overloading that is possible with an improperly applied lter.

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

5 kV Switched Capacitor Stage Enclosure

Individual Capacitor Fusing


Each capacitor is externally fused with current limiting fuses. Fuses are equipped with blown fuse indication. Internally fused capacitors are also available as an option. Fuses are rated for capacitor protection. All fuses are rated 50 kAIC.

Environmental Controls
Exhaust fans: Exhaust fans are provided for forced air ventilation of all enclosures as standard Thermal controls: Thermostats are included as standard to help maintain an acceptable internal environment for all components Space heaters: Space heaters are provided to control moisture and humidity inside all enclosures Each compartment has individual thermostats for fan and space heater controls

15 kV Switched Capacitor Stage Enclosure

Vacuum Contactors
The type SL power contactors were designed and engineered specically for use in AMPGARD starters. They are self-supporting, compact, three-pole vacuum contactors. The SL contactor uses a solid-state control board, allowing the user maximum exibility to change control voltages and dropout times in the eld simply by adjusting DIP switch settings. The SL contactor is available for 2.4 4.8 kV volts at ratings of 200A and 800A (the highest rated 800A contactor available), and contactor interruption ratings of 8500A allowing for higher levels of coordination with power fuses.

Capacitors
Low loss, double-bushing capacitors that meet or exceed IEC 871, IEEE Std. 18 and CSA standards are supplied. Capacitors are available in delta, ungrounded wye or solidly grounded wye. The dielectric uid is environmentally friendly, biodegradable, non-PCB. Capacitor units are equipped with internal discharge resistors which reduce the residual voltage to less than 50V within 5 minutes of de-energization.
Harmonic Filter Capacitor Stage Enclosure

39 40 41 42 43

Key Interlock System


The key interlock system controls the sequential operation of the load break switch (or circuit breaker) and the ground switch to permit safe entry into the capacitor system. All capacitor stage enclosures are also interlocked with the ground switch. If applicable, the customers upstream disconnect device can be interlocked as well. See Figure 35.6-2 for key interlock operation on a typical single-line drawing.

CA08104001E

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35.6-4 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description Blown Fuse Detection System
A visual pop-up blown fuse detection system is provided as standard.

September 2011
Sheet 35 060

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Solid-State Controller
Automatic metal-enclosed capacitors and harmonic lter systems come equipped with an automatic controller that switches each capacitor stage based upon power factor. The customer simply programs in the target PF to meet. The controller analyzes current PF, the size of each stage, and turns on and off stages to meet the customers programmed target. Power factor controller comes with the following alarms as standards:

Bus
Continuous 1/4 x 2 inch silver-plated copper bus rated 600A standard is provided throughout the line-up for easy interconnection, eld installation and future expansion.

Control Power Transformer


A fused control power transformer rated for 1.5 kVA is provided for protection, control and operation of the capacitor or harmonic lter system.

Surge Protective Device (SPD)


An SPD unit is supplied standard for protection of all low voltage controls in the system.

Control Panel
A door-in-door NEMA 3R swing-out control panel is provided on the main incoming structure as standard. This unit includes a viewing window so that all controls and information can be viewed without opening the panel. All low voltage controls and logic are accessible from the front of the system, and are isolated from the medium voltage section. Included:

Over/under compensation No current input Step fault Step warning Target power factor not reached Vthd harmonics Lthd harmonics Over/undervoltage

Phase Bus

Up to 12 steps of capacitance can be designed into any system. Customers can note this feature when designing for future expansions.

Communications
Communications of power factor data via RS-485. Modbus is available as an option. Communicated information from the controllers:

Continuous 1/4 x 1 inch silver-plated copper ground bus rated 300A is provided throughout the line-up for easy interconnection, eld installation and future expansion. Ground studs are available in all structures for customer connection.

PFC power factor controller Multifunction digital meter/relay Full voltage LED lights for status, alarm and trip indication Manual stage operation switches Any special controls requested by the customer

Voltage Current Target power factor Current power factor Active power Apparent power Reactive power Number of steps in the circuit All alarm status All counters Time and date

Inrush Reactors
Inrush reactors are provided as standard on all switched (nonharmonic ltered) capacitor systems for protection against transients from back-to-back switching. Reactors in harmonic ltered applications provide this same protection.

Control Panel

Continuous Ground Bus with Pad in Each Section

40 41 42 43

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 061

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


General Description

35.6-5

Additional Standard Controls and Features


Lightning Arresters
Optional heavy-duty distribution class/ intermediate/station lightning arresters protect the capacitor system from lightning and switching transients.

Power Cable Termination


Incoming power cable lugs are available when specied.

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Three-phase manual current monitoring, for maintenance purposes Unbalance alarm and unit shutdown on all wye-connected systems Unit alarm and isolated fail-safe contacts for customer use on all systems. Controls allow sufcient time (5 minutes) to allow the capacitors time to discharge before re-energization can occur Temperature alarms on all harmonic lter units Manual stage controls (H-O-A Selector Switches)

Time Delayed Enclosure Entry Interlock


Electrically controlled solenoid time delay to allow adjustable time delay between opening of main switch and entry into capacitor section.

15 kV Capacitor Vacuum Switch


15 kV capacitor vacuum switch is available in vacuum contactor in oil dielectric or vacuum contactor in solid dielectric. Vacuum switches are certied to ANSI C37.66 Standard.

Heavy-Duty Capacitor Units


Capacitor units suited to the rigors of industrial power systems for power factor harmonic lter and excessive switching applications. Heavy-duty capacitor units have 125% continuous rms overvoltage capability, 15,000A fault handling capability, 100 kA transient current withstand capability, +55C (+131F) ambient temperature operation and 135% peak overvoltage capability.

Harmonic Manager Multifunctional Digital Meter/Relay


Multifunctional harmonic manager meter/relay with current and voltage harmonic monitoring and various alarm/trip set points.

Optional Features
Harmonic Filter Reactors
Iron core reactors provide the necessary reactance to tune the capacitor system to a desired frequency. Filters are available in 4.2H, 4.4H, 4.6H, 4.7H or other tuning frequencies. Iron core reactors are 100% copper windings, 115C rise with 220C insulation VPI varnish.

Enclosure Options
NEMA 3R stainless steel construction for highly caustic environments.

Alarm Strobe
Strobe light can be provided for visual indication of faults and alarms.

Unbalance Protection
Neutral PT or CT-based unbalance protection for wye ungrounded capacitor conguration.

Harmonic Filter

36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.6-6 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Dimensions

September 2011
Sheet 35 062

22 23 24 25

Dimensions
Top Power Cable Entry Lifting Eyes Incoming Main Section

Shipping Split

Main Switch

K1

92.56 (2351.0)

24.00 (609.6) 18.00 (457.2) Customer Cable Termination (Approximate Location, See Actual Unit for Exact Dimensions) Gourd Bus 1/4-inch x 1-inch Base Channel Bottom Power Cable Entry 49.10 (1247.1)

26
CAUTION CAUTION CAUTION DANGER DANGER DANGER

Control Panel

NAMEPLATE

28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Danger High Voltage Keep Out

Danger High Voltage Keep Out

Danger High Voltage Keep Out

Danger High Voltage Keep Out

CAUTION

K1

DANGER

D1 D2 D3

D2

D3

D2

Door Interlocks

D1

90.33 (2294.4)

8 Tieddown Points per Enclosure Front and Rear for 1/2 Inch Hardware

180.80 (4592.3) Front Elevation Rear Access Doors Optional 1.50 (38.1) (Typ)

45.00 (1143.0)
13.50 (342.9) 15.00 (381.0) 13.50 (342.9)

Ground Switch

27

Right Side Elevation

Base Channel 40-Inches High

18.00 (457.2)
Bottom Entry Cover Plate

21.79 (553.5) 18.00 (457.2) 9.07 (230.4) 1.00 (25.4)

49.00 (1244.6)

5.09 (129.3) Front Access 5 Foot Clearance

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43
Top View Floor Plan Top Entry MV Conduit Area Top Entry Control Conduit 4.00 x 4.00

19.00 (482.6) 16.00 (406.4) 15.00 (381.0) 38.00 (965.2) 13.00 (330.2)

4.00 (101.6)

Figure 35.6-1. Typical Engineered Metal-Enclosed Power Factor Correction System Dimensional Data

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CA08104001E

September 2011
Sheet 35 063

Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters Metal-EnclosedMedium Voltage


Layout Dimensions

35.6-7

Utility Line

22 23
Utility Transformer

24 25 26 27

Main Breaker CT A-Phase

Feeder Breaker

K0

28 29
Plant Loads K-K Interlock

30 31

K-K Interlock (Optional)


C C1

K-K Interlock

K1

K0

Main Switch Tap On B&C


K1 S1

CPT 1-Phase

BLR-CM

Power Factor Controller

32 33
S1 S2 S3

Ground Switch

CT1 3

46

AS

AM

59 Alarm or Trip

Control Relays

34 35 36

S1

Fuse

Enclosure Door
C1

37 38 39
Reactor Vacuum Contactor

40 41
Capacitor Delta/Wye Capacitor Delta/Wye Capacitor Delta/Wye

42 43

Figure 35.6-2. Typical Medium Voltage Automatic Power Factor Correction Single-Line Drawing

CA08104001E

For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

35.6-8 Power Factor Capacitors and Harmonic Filters


September 2011
Sheet 35 064

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For more information, visit: www.eaton.com/consultants

CA08104001E