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1. New Freedoms.

- Return to your textbook's section of Chapter 16 called "Wartime Reconstruction" - Read this letter to a former slaveholder written in 1865 by a former slave. - Using both these primary and secondary sources, write a paragraph, in your own words, that discusses various freedoms those ex-slaves sought after and experienced in the post-Civil War South. Answer The letter and textbook sections suggests that slaves wanted to be treated as actual employees instead of the older master-slave system. The letter especially depicts that the newly freed slaves wanted quality of living over any amount of wages. Jourdan Anderson it seems wants nothing more than his fair wages and to be ensured that his daughters will live a better life than he has, by ensuring they continue school and dont undergo unjust treatment like previous slave women. The section shows me that the freed slaves had their idea of the liberties they wanted and the North had already assumed that the war for their rights was over.

2. Southern Black Codes. - Return to your textbook's section of Chapter 16 called "Presidential Reconstruction" - Read this selection of Black Codes that were passed in Mississippi in 1865. - Using both these primary and secondary sources, write a paragraph, in your own words, that addresses these questions: A) In what ways did these laws limit the freedom of African Americans in Mississippi? B) What do these laws suggest about white Southerners' anxieties and fears regarding the end of slavery? Answer In one way that especially stood out to me, freedmen were required to have a house but were limited to the outskirts of the city or town, if they didnt have a house then they would be fined and forced to work to pay off their fine to anyone that would pay for it on a non-negotiable wage. Their laws also prevent freedmen from gathering together or owning weapons, which strips the rest of their constitutional rights away. The slave owners were scared that freedmen would have no motivation under new laws without a master. This lack of motivation mixed with the assumption that they were all savages led to former slave owners to be afraid of an uprising.

3. Reconstruction Amendments.

- After reading Ch. 16 briefly summarize, in your own words, the three Reconstruction Amendments. Why were many women not entirely pleased with the last two of these amendments to the Constitution? Answer The women rights activists were all for the abolishment of slavery as well as the rights guaranteed by the Constitution. The 14th and 15th amendments on the contrary guaranteed them nothing though. The 14th amendment gave all freedmen the right to due process, while the 15th amendment gave them the right to vote. The women at the time felt that since it was such a big political reconstruction going on that their rights shouldve been granted along with the recently freed slaves.

4. End of Reconstruction. - Return to your textbook's section of Chapter 16 called "Reconstruction Collapses" - Briefly describe, in your own words, some reasons for that Reconstruction ended by 1877. Answer Reconstruction ended in 1877 because of two main reasons: incompetence and fatigue. The northerners who once fought for slave rights with passion had grown tired of trying to manage the Souths affairs and support slowly eroded. Their support also coincided with the formation of white supremacy ideals and intimidation being used in the south. The southern whites intimidation of republicans led to a narrow victory for Ulysses S. Grant and led to even more controversial victory by Rutherford B. Hayes. Hayes and his opponent Samuel Tilden were locked in a stalemate and Congress was equally split between the Democrats and Republicans which led to a vote by commission and Hayess shallow victory. The southern democrats outrage and possibility of a second civil war led to a compromise between the two parties and a formal end to Reconstruction.