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UNDERGROUND TECH 1
August 2009

Underground Drainage systems


Design and Installation Guide

MA R L EY U N D ER G R O U N D & Q UA N T U M

Contents
Introduction Product Selector Design Product Range Solid Wall Underground Drainage 14-25 4-7 8 9-12

Quantum Structured Wall Underground Drainage System 28-33 Large Diameter Quantum Structured Wall Underground Drainage System 34-35 Installation General Information 36-52 53

M A R LEY UNDERGROU ND & QUANT U M

The advantage of Marley Underground Drainage Systems

The Marley Plumbing & Drainage range of Underground Drainage Systems consists of two different kinds of PVCu pipes for different applications. The solid wall range, predominantly for house drainage and the Quantum structured wall range for sewer and highway drainage applications. Since exhaustive field trials in 1968 Marley Plumbing & Drainage have been leaders in the development and production of PVCu drainage systems in the UK. Over the years development programmes have led to many technical innovations, simplifying work on site, improving structural and hydraulic performance and reducing installation costs, whilst maintaining the highest levels of performance and quality. The majority of products are manufactured at the Marley Plumbing & Drainage factory in Lenham, Kent. Marley solid and structured wall drainage pipes and the majority of fittings are manufactured under a quality assurance system from unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVCu). Inspection chambers, gratings, covers and UE407 couplings are manufactured from polypropylene. Products comply with the material and performance requirements of the relevant British and new European Standards.

MA R L EY U N D ER G R O U N D & Q UA N T U M

Quantum for Sewers


Working with the UK Water Industry and using the agreed performance criteria, the revolutionary Quantum PVCu sewer system was developed in 1991. The objective was to maximise the structural performance of plastic pipes and to ensure a pipe was produced that was easier to handle and use on site whilst ensuring the overall

The Range
Marley Plumbing & Drainage offer two different pipe systems for different applications. The comprehensive range of fittings include 250mm and 450mm chambers with 110mm or 160mm outlets as well as five different gully combinations and a range of covers and gratings. The original solid wall PVCu underground drainage system is available in 82, 110 and 160mm diameters and consists of all the components necessary for a quick and easy installation. The revolutionary high performance PVCu structured wall Quantum Sewer pipe with Water Industry approval for gravity sewer applications is a lightweight, cost effective, modern alternative to clay or concrete pipes. Available in 150, 225 and 300mm diameters. Quantum Highway Pipe system has Department of Transport approval for use in highway carrier and filter drains. Available in 150, 225, 300, 400, 500 and 600mm diameters.

installation cost was reduced. Quantum fulfilled this criteria, absorbing shock and deformation without breaking. Typically, in impact tests, Quantum proved twice as strong as a standard PVCu pipe, and even better against traditional materials. That was seen as a key point in reducing site breakage. Its twin-wall structure also proved a lightweight alternative to traditional pipes, enhancing site handling and installation, reducing the cost of site plant and helping towards minimising health & safety risks on site. Furthermore, once installed, Quantum sewage systems prove virtually maintenance free. The smooth, non-porous bore of the pipe improves flow characteristics by lowering frictional resistance that, together with the reduction in joints, actually minimises the risk of blocking. Even when an operational blockage does occur, tests carried out by the Geotechnical Engineering Department at Loughborough University revealed that due to the inability of materials to adhere to plastic, blockages could actually be removed from pipework at jetting pressures as low as 1000 psi (70 bar).

M A R LEY UNDERGROU ND & QUANT U M

Technical advice and design guidance


A free advisory service is available to offer technical assistance regarding product and installation details. Those involved with the building industry may take advantage of design services provided by the company for customers who have made a commitment to use or specify Marley Plumbing & Drainage products. Whilst every effort is made to ensure details are accurate and up to date, our continual product development and improvement programme, may cause dimensional details to change. Technical Hotline: 01622 852695 Fax: 01622 858041

Availability
Marley Plumbing & Drainage products are available from a national network of distributors and stockists. For details of your local stockist contact the Marley Plumbing & Drainage Head Office or Scottish office as listed below.

Environment
The environment is one of the most important issues in todays society. As a manufacturer, Marley Plumbing & Drainage places great emphasis on ensuring that all manufacturing processes and practices are environmentally responsible. This extends to packaging as well as raw material handling and process controls. Marley also play an active role at industry level via the British Plastics Federation, where broader industry wide environmental issues are addressed. British Plastics Federation: Tel: 020 7457 5000

Head Office Lenham, Maidstone, Kent ME17 2DE


Telephone: 01622 858888 Fax: 01622 858725 marley.co.uk Further information

Scotland
Birkenshaw Industrial Estate, Uddingston, Glasgow G71 5PA Telephone: 01698 815231 Fax: 01698 810307

Export Division
Lenham, Maidstone, Kent ME17 2DE England Telephone: +44 (0)1622 858888 Fax: +44 (0)1622 850778

For Technical advice please call 01622 852695 For general enquiries and details of your nearest stockist please call the customer services department on 01622 852585 email: marketing@marleyext.com

MA R L EY U N D ER G R O U N D & Q UA N T U M

BS EN 752: 2008, Drain & Sewer Systems outside buildings. BS EN 1295-1: 1998, Structural design of buried pipelines under
various conditions of loading. General requirements.

BS EN 1610: 1998, Construction & Testing of Drains & Sewers. BS EN 12056-2: 2000, Gravity drainage systems inside buildings:
Sanitary pipework, layout and calculation.

BS EN 12056-3: 2000, Gravity drainage systems inside buildings.


Roof drainage, layout and calculation.

BS EN 13476-3: 2007, Plastics piping systems for non-pressure


drainage and sewerage, structured wall piping systems with smooth bore and profiled external surface.

BS EN ISO 9001-2: 2000, Quality management systems. BBA 88/1977, Marley Underground Drainage System. BBA 09/H146, Quantum Highway PVCu Twinwall Drainage System. BBA 94/2985, Marley Quantum Sewer PVCu Twinwall Underground

British & European Standards


BS EN 12620: 2008, Aggregates for concrete. BS 4660 & BS EN 1401: 1999, Plastic piping systems for nonpressure underground drainage and sewerage. Unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVCu).

Drainage and Sewerage System.

BBA 98/3486, Marley Quantum


Highway PVCu Twinwall Surface Water Drainage System.

WIS 4-08-01, Imported granular and selected as-dug bedding and


sidefill materials for buried pipelines.

BS 4962: 1989, Specification for plastic pipes and fittings for use as
subsoil field drains.

WIS 4-35-01: 2000,


Specification for Structured Wall Pipes: Joints & Couplers.

BS 5955-6: 1980, Plastics pipework (thermoplastics materials). Code


of practice for the installation of unplasticised PVC pipework for gravity drains and sewers.
D TIFIE TO W ER
ER INDUSTR AT
Y
ECIFICAT SP I

BS EN 14 860: 2006, Adhesives for non-pressure thermoplastic


pipe systems.
Certificate No.

BS 7158: 2001, Plastic inspection chambers for drains and sewers. BS EN 124: 1994, Manhole covers and frames.
D TIFIE TO W ER

WIS 4-35-01

BS EN 295: 1991, Vitrified clay pipes & fittings and pipe joints for
drains and sewers.

ER INDUSTR AT

joint seals used in water and drainage applications. Vulcanised rubber.

BS 4660 : 1999 BS EN 1401 : 1999 BS EN 13476-3 : 2007

Also available from Marley

ON

BS EN 681-1: 1996, Elastomeric seals. Material requirements for pipe

BS EN ISO 9001 : 2000 BS EN ISO 14001 : 2004

88/1977 94/2985 98/3486 06/H122 09/H146

ON

Y
ECIFICAT SP I

Stormwater

PRODUCT S ELECTOR

Size

BBA/British/ European Standard

Solid Wall Underground Drainage Pipe


The original solid wall PVCu underground drainage system suitable for use in domestic drains and private sewers. Available in 3m and 6m lengths with a wide range of fittings, accessories and ancillary products. Perforated pipe available in 110mm diameter. * 82mm systems not covered by either BS EN 1401 or BS4660 See page 14
82mm* 110mm 160mm

BBA 88/1977 BS EN 1401 UD SDR41

Solid Wall Underground Drainage Fittings


A full range of universal, high performance fittings and accessories suitable for use with solid wall underground drainage pipes. A number of underground drainage fittings are also suitable for use with 150mm Quantum Sewer Highway Drainage pipes. * 82mm systems not covered by either BS EN 1401 or BS4660 See page 15-25
82mm* 110mm 160mm BBA 88/1977 BS 4660: 2000

Quantum Structured Wall Highway Drainage Pipe


The highly successful lightweight PVCu twinwall pipe is suitable for use in highway carrier and filter drains due to its high quality & long-term stiffness. Also suitable for private surface water applications Available in 6m lengths in fully slotted, half slotted and solid wall versions. See page 28

150mm 225mm 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm

BBA 09/H146 BBA 98/3486 BBA 06/H122

Quantum Structured Wall Sewer Drainage Pipe


The revolutionary high performance PVCu twinwall pipe is suitable for domestic drains and public and private sewers at depths up to 10m. The specification for Quantum Sewer pipe has been developed in consultation with the Water Industry and incorporates their requirements for product quality and long-term performance. Also suitable for private foul and surface water applications. It can be visibly differentiated from Quantum Highway by the printing of a clear red stripe externally along its length. Available in 3m and 6m lengths. See page 28
150mm 225mm 300mm BBA 94/2985 WIS 4-35-01

Quantum Structured Wall Drainage Fittings


A full range of universal, high performance fittings and accessories suitable for use with Quantum Sewer and Quantum Highway Drainage pipes.

See page 29-33 8

150mm 225mm 300mm 400mm 500mm 600mm

BBA 94/2985 BBA 09/H146 BBA 98/3486 BBA 06/H122

PR O PER TI ES A N D PER F O R MA N CE

General
Solid Wall underground drainage pipes and fittings for use in private foul and surface water drainage systems are manufactured to BS 4660 and EN 1401. Type UD. Quantum Sewer pipes and couplings are for use primarily in adoptable drainage systems. The 150mm range of pipes and fittings has also been independently tested by the British Board of Agrment and awarded Certificate no 94/2985 for foul drainage installations subject to Building Control approval, thereby providing an alternative to solid wall systems. Quantum Highway drainage pipes are manufactured to meet the performance requirements of the manual of contract documents Volume 1 Specification for Highway Works, June 2001, for the collection and disposal of surface and sub-surface water. The system has also been assessed by the British Board of Agrment for compliance with Department of Transport requirements and awarded Roads & Bridges Certificate No 09/H146 (150, 225 and 300mm only).

Pipe strength
The minimum short-term ring stiffness of Marley 110 and 160mm Solid Wall pipes is as follows: Pipe Size SN N/m2 @ 20C 110mm 160mm 8000 4000

The minimum short term and two year ring stiffness of Quantum Sewer and Highway pipes is as follows: Pipe Type Minimum short term ring stiffness Quantum Sewer Quantum Highway Minimum two year ring stiffness Quantum Sewer Quantum Highway 4000 3000 8000 6000 SN N/m2 @ 20C

Compatibility with Quantum


Although the method of jointing solid wall and Quantum drainage pipes and fittings is different, 160mm solid wall fittings are fully compatible with 150mm diameter Quantum Highway and Sewer pipe systems. A separate range of fittings is available to suit both systems.

Solid Wall perforated pipe


110mm solid wall perforated pipe is manufactured to the dimensional requirements of BS EN 1401-1:1999. Pipe has two rows of slots that are 60mm apart and 1.75mm wide. Slot sizes as detailed in the table below. PipeSlot width Slot length Size (mm) (mm) 1101.75 24 Slotted Pipe (mm 2041

Pipe identification
Quantum Sewer pipes are marked with the product name, size, material, stiffness rating, certification mark and manufacturing code for product traceability. In addition, Quantum Sewer pipes have a red strip printed along each length to distinguish the product from Quantum Highway.

(mm2/m)

Materials and manufacture


Marley Plumbing & Drainage pipes and fittings for private foul, surface water, sewerage and highway applications are manufactured from PVCu (unplasticised polyvinyl chloride). The physical properties of Marley underground drainage systems are set out in the table below: Property Value Specific gravity 1.4 1000 Specific heat Thermal conductivity 1.6 Coefficient of linear expansion 6 x 10-5 Vicat softening BS 4660/EN 1401 Pipe 79 point (min) BS 4660/EN 1401 Fittings 77 Quantum pipe 79 C Modulus of elasticity in bend 3000 Tensile strength at yield @ 20 (min) 45 Elongation at break (min) 80 Units J/kg/C W/m/C mm/mm/C C C N/mm2 N/mm2 %
120

60mm

Quantum perforated pipes


Three sizes of Quantum Highway perforated pipes are available, 150, 225 and 300mm, half or fully slotted. 400 and 500mm are available half slotted. Nominal Pipe(mm) Size (mm) 150 1.5 225 1.5 300 1.5 400 3.5 500 3.5 Slot Width (mm) 22 38 58 45 50 Slot Length Slotted Pipe 3000 3500 4000 18900 19200 Area Half Slotted Pipe (mm2/m) 6000 7000 8000 Area Fully (mm2/m)

Dimensions and weights


Pipe Nominal Size (mm) Solid wall Solid wall Solid wall Nominal Size DN/ID (mm) Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Quantum Sewer Sewer Sewer Highway Highway Highway Highway Highway Highway BS Mean Outside Diameter (mm) Thickness Min Max (mm) 82 82.4 82.7 110 110.0 110.3 160 160.0 160.4 Wall kg/ metre 3.0 3.2 4.0 Weight 1.2 1.7 3.0

60 60 45 60

Mean Nominal Internal External Weight Diameter Diameter DN Minimum (mm) (mm) (kg/m) 150 225 300 150 225 300 400 500 600 146 226 297 148 230 302 396 496 598 160 250 330 160 250 330 465 580 700 1.85 4.20 7.00 1.25 2.75 4.65 8.50 13.30 20.83

Half slotted pipe


(150, 225 & 300mm)

Half slotted pipe


(400 & 500mm)

Fully slotted pipe

The slotted cross sectional area for both solid wall and Quantum pipes exceed the perforation requirements of the Department of Transport Specification for Highway Works 2001. This requires a minimum perforated area of 1000mm2/m irrespective of pipe diameter.

D E S IGN

Statutory requirements
The following standards deal with drainage design: BS EN 752: 2008 Drain and sewer systems outside buildings. BS EN 1610: 1998 Construction and testing of drains and Sewers. The design and layout of drainage and sewerage systems should comply with The Building Regulations and Water Authority Specification. Reference should also be made to the Sewers for Adoption manual. The following information is provided only as a general guide to good practice for the design of underground drainage systems. For full details please consult the relevant documents referred to above.

Means of access
Access is required to drainage installations for testing, inspection and removal of debris. Access to drainage allowing rodding in both directions can be provided by inspection chambers, manholes and other access fittings. Rodding eyes provide access for clearance of debris in the direction of flow only and should thus be used in conjunction with an access chamber or manhole at a point downstream. No part of the drain or sewer should be more than 50m away from a manhole. The distance between points should therefore not exceed 100m.

Foul water drains


Foul water drainage systems are generally designed to run at a maximum of three quarters full bore. Pipe gradients should be established such that the velocity does not fall below 0.70m/s to ensure adequate self-cleansing. The proportional velocity relating to pipes running part full must be taken into consideration when determining compliance with this requirement. When calculating flow rates for foul water drains it is recommended that reference is made to BS EN 12056-2: 2000 and BS EN 752: 2008 to determine peak discharge rates. The procedure detailed in the above standards takes into consideration appliance discharge unit values and frequency of use to derive peak flow rates from which pipe sizes and gradients can be established. The table below is taken from BS EN 752: 2008 and provides guidance on minimum gradients for different size drains. Peak Flow (a) litres/second <1 82 110 >1 82 110 160 (b) Minimum one WC (c) Minimum five WCs In cases where discharge rates are very low or where continuous flow containing solid matter will be less than 1.0 l/s a steeper gradient of not less than 1:40 will be required. In addition, where ground settlement is likely, it is also recommended that steeper gradients are used and shorter 3m lengths of pipe are installed. PVCu Pipe Size (mm) 1:40 1:40 1:80 1:80 (b) 1:150 (c) Minimum Gradient

For full guidance as to provision of access, reference should be made to BS EN 752: 2008. The table below details the maximum spacing of the access points as detailed in the above standard. Access Fitting 1 Start of external drain* Rodding eye Type 1 access fitting 150 x 100mm Type 2 access fitting 225 x 100mm Shallow inspection chamber Manhole or deep inspection chamber To Branch Shallow Manhole or Inspection or Deep Junction Chamber Inspection 2 Chamber 12 22 22 12 22 45 22 12 22 22 22 45 22 45 45 45 45 45 22 45 45 90

* Stack or ground floor appliance

Pipe capabilities and velocities


Flow rates for all Marley underground drainage pipes can be calculated by using the Colebrooke White Formula.

(a) Peak flow based on probability flow calculation method

Roughness values
The pipe roughness values to be used when calculating pipe sizes for adoptable sewers are given in the Sewers for Adoption Manual (1.5mm for foul water and combined systems and 0.6mm for surface water systems). These values are to be applied to all types of pipe materials. For non-adoptable systems, where an opportunity exists to refine the hydraulic design to take account of the improved performance of PVCu pipe, the roughness values recommended in the Hydraulic Research Station Report (The Measurement of the Hydraulic Roughness of Slimed Sewer Pipes) should be used. In this situation, prior consultation should be carried out with the approving or specifying Authority over the selection of roughness values.

Ventilation
All drainage and sewerage systems require adequate ventilation to the open air in order to reduce the build up of toxic or explosive gases and to maintain atmospheric pressure when effluent flows through the drainage system. Ventilation should be provided at the head of a drain, normally through a soil and vent pipe or separate vent stack, but not through a manhole. Gullies incorporated in a foul water or combined drainage system must have a 50mm minimum water seal.

10

DES IGN

Foul water sewers


When designing foul water sewers reference should be made to the Sewers for Adoption Manual which gives guidance on design flows based on the number of dwellings or population served. When designing for commercial and industrial developments flow rates should be established in consultation with the Planning and Adopting Authorities. The minimum size for adoptable foul sewers is specified as 150mm diameter and the flattest recommended gradient is 1:150 provided that at least 10 dwellings are connected to the system.

Design methods
Calculation methods have been developed for the structural design of underground flexible pipelines and are detailed in BS EN 1295-1 and in The Materials Selection Manual for Sewers published by The Foundation for Water Research and Water UK. Adoption of the calculation methods detailed in these documents are recommended for the structural design of all Marley underground drainage systems. The documents include methods of evaluating the combined loading effects on pipelines from backfill material and vehicular traffic, the selection and compaction of backfill material and the resulting pipe deformations and buckling pressures. The design guides recommend initial and long-term stiffness values for BS EN 1401: 1998 PVCu pipe, which should be adopted when performing calculations on the Marley Solid Wall System. However, due to the significantly improved performance levels achieved with the Quantum Sewer System, the higher stiffness values shown on page 9, which are taken from WIS 4-35-01, can be substituted in the appropriate formulae when carrying out calculations relating to the use of Quantum Sewer pipelines.

Surface water drains and sewers


Surface water drainage systems may be designed to run full bore when subjected to an agreed Design Storm. Recommended design frequencies are shown in BS EN 752-4: 1998. The flow rates are generally derived from considering the size and nature of the catchment area, geographical location and rainfall intensities associated with particular storm return periods. Flat rates of rainfall of 50mm/hr can be used for areas where ponding is considered acceptable during and after heavy rainstorms for a few minutes. Alternatively, 75mm/hr can be used where ponding cannot be tolerated. For larger systems and adoptable surface water sewers it is recommended that the appropriate deign method is adopted from the Wallingford Procedure for the Design and Analysis of Urban Storm Drains Volumes 1, 3 and 4.

Deformation (Quantum sewer)


To ensure satisfactory performance of a PVCu pipeline it is generally recommended that a limiting negative deformation of 6% of the vertical diameter of the pipe be used in calculations. Practical experience and test work indicate that the vast majority of any deformation will occur within the first two years following installation and any increase thereafter will be negligible. This level of deformation has very little effect on the flow carrying properties of the pipeline, in fact a 6% deformation will cause less than a 1% reduction in full bore capacity. Using the design guides referred to above it is therefore possible to calculate the theoretical initial deflection value and then, if considered necessary, this can be compared with actual field measurements.

Adoptable sewers
(England & Wales) The layout of adoptable sewers should comply with the design requirements in the Sewers for Adoption Manual and any supplementary guidelines issued by the particular Adopting Authority. Manholes are required at all changes in vertical or horizontal alignment, at the head of all sewers and wherever there is a change in pipe size. The maximum spacing of manholes should not exceed 100m. Adoptable sewers should be situated within Highways or public open spaces. When this is not practicable, the layout must permit access to the sewer in a manner acceptable to the Adopting Authority and a formal Deed of Easement entered into. Full design details of the proposed sewer system must be submitted to the relevant Adopting Authority for approval and a formal Adoption Agreement prepared.

Bedding and backfill


In practice standard bedding and backfill details have been evolved for plastic pipes which, when correctly installed, will ensure the above guidelines are adhered to. Typical bedding and backfill details are illustrated in pages 36 to 38 of this guide.

Adoptable sewers
(Scotland) For details relating to adoptable sewers reference should be made to The Standard Specification for Water and Sewage Schemes and supplementary guidelines issued by the relevant Scottish Regional Water Authority.

Flexible pipe theory


PVCu pipes derive their load bearing capacity from a combination of their inherent stiffness and the characteristics of the bedding and sidefill material with which they are used. When a vertical load is imposed on a flexible pipeline it will deform and the resulting horizontal force is transmitted to the undisturbed trench wall via the sidefill material. A state of equilibrium is reached and any deflection of the pipe ceases when the horizontal reaction of the sidefill corresponds to the transmitted vertical load. The design of a PVCu pipeline must therefore take into account the interaction between the pipe and bedding material. This will enable PVCu pipes to withstand imposed loads without excessive deflection whilst also, unlike rigid pipes, maintaining their ability to cope with possible ground movement without fracturing.

11

D E S IGN The underground drainage layout shown below illustrates the use of Marley 250mm and 450mm diameter inspection chambers to provide a means of access to the drainage system, particularly where a common drain is used to serve more than one dwelling. This type of system is often used by developers, although in certain areas of the country some local authorities may prefer individual properties to have their own connection to the adoptable sewer, a practice that is favoured in Scotland. The smaller 250mm inspection chamber is suitable for installation of up to 600mm deep while the 450mm diameter chamber can be installed to invert depths of up to 1200mm. Generally 110mm PVCu pipework is used for most house drainage schemes laid to a uniform gradient not flatter than 1:80. However, il: 108.200 where the foul drain only receives the discharge from a waste il: 108.200 appliance via a stub waste or back inlet gully a steeper gradient of 110 drain is 1:40 must be used to ensure the m 110mmself-cleansing. > m> 1:80 1:80 il: 108.177 il: 108.080

m<1

il: 108.200

110m

m>1

108.
:29
il: 108.950

80

6
big

109.

70

109.

110m

70

m>

1:9

110m m<

1:80

il: 107.939

il: 107.650

110m

As

il: 108.075

108.95

DG

:24
150 mm > 1:9
15

mm

il: 109.150 2

110mm > 1:24


il: 108.550 il: 109.550 2

m 110
2

1 m>

:15

110

0m

S4 F5

il: 107.550

il: 108.673

110mm > 1:24

250/450 preformed inspection chamber

110.30

H
110mm > 1:19

1:3

il: 107.763

110m

m>

1:13

il: 109.679

il: 109.150

8
il: 110.017 2 il: 110.200

As
110.80
110mm < 1:80

109.
rwp

Bu
80
il: 108.900

109. 65
110m

Private drain

110mm > 1:80

110mm > 1:14

il: 109.550

il: 110.100 il: 110.094


rwp

110mm > 1:80

110.

DG
60

il: 108.648

12

m<

The Marley Solid Wall Underground Drainage Product Range

SOLID WA LL DRAI N AGE

Pipe
Size mm 110 110 160 Code UL403 UL406 UL606 Length m 3 6 6
hK hK hK

Double spigot with chamfer each end


B

A B

Pipe
B

Size mm 82 110 110 160 160

Code UP303 UP403 UP406 UP603 UP606

Length m 3 3 6 3 6

A 100 128 128 182 182

B 65 70 70 107 107
hK hK hK hK

Push fit socket


A B

Perforated pipe
B

Size mm 110

Code UPP406

Length m 6

A 128

B 70

Push fit socket For 150, 225 and 300mm diameter perforated pipes please refer to the Quantum Highway Drainage System on page 28
B

B A B A

Coupling
Size mm 110 Code UE407 A 102 B 50

Push fit polypropylene ring seal (supplied in U.V. resistant polythene bags)
A

Size mm
B

Code UE406 UME15C

A 120 170

B 60 83
hK hK

110 160

Push fit coupling


B

Size mm
A

Code UE305 UE405 UME16C

A 104 120 170


hK hK

82 110 160

Push fit slip coupling

14

S O L I D W A L L D R AIN A GE

Coupling
Size mm
B C

Code UE300 UE400 UE600

A 103 109 190

B 50 61 107

C 48 48 77
hK hK

82 110 160

Loose pipe socket

Size mm 110
B

Code UE402

A 311

B 82
hK

Triple socket allows up to 150mm movement/settlement

Short radius bend


A
B

Size mm 110 110 110 110 160 160 160 160


B

Code UB411 UB455* UB4300R UB4155R UMB19C UMB14C UMB13C UMB11C

Angle 87 45 30 15 87 45 30 15

A 158 95 80 66 200 115 105 95

B 158 95 80 66 200 115 105 95


K h K h h h h h h h

A
B

Socket/socket R-suffix denotes ribbed fitting *Product illustrated Size mm 82 82 110 110 110 110
B

Code UB31 UB35 UB41 UB45* UB430R UB415R UFB61 UFB65 UB69 UB68

Angle 87 45 87 45 30 15 87 45 30 15

A 117 75 175 145 89 74 285 130 160 150

B 120 73 182 125 82 68 275 118 150 110


hK hK h h hK hK K K

160 160 160 160

Socket/spigot R-suffix denotes ribbed fitting *Product illustrated

15

SOLID WALL DR AI NAGE

Adjustable bend
A A

Size mm 82 110
B B

Code UB37 UB47 UB47M UB67

Angle 21-90 21-90 15-90

A 210 200 285

B 196 205 177 275


K K

11-87 196

110 160

Socket should be solvent welded


A

Multiflex bend
A

Size mm
R B

Code MFBS0 MFBD0

Angle 0-90 0-90

A 205 205

B 205 205
K

Socket/spigot 110 110


B B
B

Socket/socket
K

C C A A A A

Long radius bend


Size mm 110
B B

Code UBL488 UBL49

Angle 87 87

A 310 310

B 360 920

R 270 270
hK

Socket/socket Socket/spigot with 900mm tail 110


hK

B B

Conforms to the requirements of BS EN 12056-2: 2000 for use at base of stack


C C A A

Equal branch
Size mm 82 110 110
B
B

Code UY36 UY46* UY46R UY401 UY401R UY63 UY601

Angle 45 45 45 87 87 45 87

A 231 320 300 300 250 400 400

B 155 205 200 150 135 280 200

C 155 205 200 280 h hK hK h

110 110 160

C A

160

Socket/spigot R-suffix denotes ribbed fitting *Product illustrated Size mm 110 110 110 110
C C A A
C A

Code UY466 UY466R UY400 UY400R UMY11C* UMY13C

Angle 45 45 87 87 45 87

A 325 280 300 245 400 400

B 215 200 150 135 280 200

C 200 200 280 h h h h K K

B B
B

160 160

All socket R-suffix denotes ribbed fitting *Product illustrated


B

16

S O L I D W A L L D R A IN A GE

Unequal branch
B

Size mm

Code

Angle 45 87

A 357 340

B 245 180

C 254 126
hK

B B

160 x 110 UY66* 160 x 110 UY64 Socket/spigot *Product illustrated

C A

C A A

Size mm
C A

Code

Angle 45 87

A 316 340

B 232 180

C 236 252
h h

160 x 110 UMY10C* 160 x 110 UMY12C All socket *Product illustrated
B B B

C C

C A A A

Access pipe
C C D C C A B B

Size mm
B

Code UF42

A 332

B 160

C 82

D 170
hK

110

Socket/spigot, 150mm access

D D

A A

A B

Access bend
Size mm Code UB42 Angle 87 A 172 B 174 C 80
K

A
A

110

With rear access, ring seal socket/spigot Fitted with a twist and lock access cap which can be secured with a No. 8 screw

B B B

Access branch
C C C A A A

Size mm Left hand

Code

Angle 45 45

A 330 330

B 210 210

C 210 210
hK

110 X 110 UY471 Right hand 110 X 110 UY472

hK

C A

Socket/spigot, 150mm access Right hand illustrated

17

SOLID WA LL DRAI N AGE

Rodding point terminal


Size mm 110
C B A

Code URP1*

Angle 45

A 160

B 68

C 70
hK

A15 loading to BS EN 124: 1994. Black cover with four screw fixings and seal Size mm Code Angle A B C 160 URP2C 45 190 92 89

B
C
A

35kN test load suitable for driveway applications when supported with concrete surround Aluminium cover with two screw fixings *Product illustrated

A
C B B A

Access cap
Size mm 110 160 Code UE42 UE62 A 130 195 B 30 40
h

A
TWI
S T T O LO C K

Solvent socket

Pressure plug
C

A
B A

Size mm 110 160

Code UE43 UE64

A 110 160

B 30 30

Push fits into plain end of pipe

Socket plug
Size mm
C B A

Code

A 103

B 80

C 19
K

110 x 50 SE41

Spigot to standard waste boss upstand

B C

450mm Inspection chamber base


Size mm
45

Code UCC3

A 245

B 610

C 475

D 50

110

Black polypropylene with 110mm all socketed connections Supplied with four blanking plugs Meets the requirements of BS 7158: 2001
871/2

Maximum invert depth 1200mm The D dimension relates to the height of side branches above invert of main channel

A D

885 515 160

18

A 45

660 490 A D 160

871/2

S O L I D W A L L D RA IN A GE

A 45

450mm Inspection chamber base


Size mm 150/160 Code UCC5 A 80 B 75

660 490 160 A 45

B Meets/ the requirements of BS 7158: 2001 87


1 2

Maximum invert depth 1200mm The A and B dimensions relate to the height of side branches above invert level of main channel Also accepts Quantum 150mm pipe if snap cap and seal are removed
B 871/2 B

400

400 EFFECTIVE HEIGHT A

450mm Inspection chamber riser


Size mm 450 EFFECTIVE Code UCR2 A 390 B 450
EFFECTIVE HEIGHT HEIGHT A A For use with EFFECTIVE HEIGHT Push fit ring A

chamber bases UCC3 and UCC5 seal joint into chamber base

B A

Riser is supplied with a ring seal (SR450) packaged separately

Deep inspection chamber


B

B A

Size mm 110
B

Code UCC3D

A 608

B 608

686 A

All socket connections C

UCC3
B

Deep inspection chamber riser


C

Size mm

Code UCR3

A 410

B 488

EFFECTIVE HEIGHT A

EFFECTIVE 110 HEIGHT A

For use with UCC3D or UCC5 when invert depth is greater than 1.2m. Max invert depth 4m 480mm high Includes one 450mm seal

Reduced access ring


B A

Size mm Code 110 UCLRR

A 60

B 455

Provides 350mm restricted opening. Snap lock connection to the frame of the UCL35PP

????

19

B A

SOLID WA LL DRAI N AGE

B 871/2

400

450mm Inspection chamber cover and frame


B

Size mm 450
B

Code UCL35 UCL35PP UCL125

A 517 547 547

B 490 494 492

C 40 70 48

450
C

450

A EFFECTIVE HEIGHT A

UCL35 cast iron to BS EN 124: 1994 Class A15* UCL125 ductile iron to BS EN 124: 1994 Class B125 *Meets 35kN test load suitable for domestic driveway applications

Chamber riser clip


B A

Code UCC10 UCC10D

A 19 19

B 200 204

Zintec coated, supplied in packet of 10 Used to connect chamber to riser and riser to riser.
B

450mm Inspection chamber inserts


Size mm Code UCB1 UCB2* A 425 425 B 159 159 C 171 167 D 167 171 Left hand 450 Right hand 450

A D

* Product illustrated For use with the UCC5 inspection chamber


C

Spare blanking plug


Size mm Code UCP1 UCP2 A 117 165 B 110 160 C 40 60
B

110 160

Black polypropylene

Spare ring seals


Size mm 450 Code SR450 O ring for use with UCR2

Conforming to the requirements of BS EN 681-1 1996 Type WC


A

20

S O L I D W A L L D R A IN A GE

250mm Inspection chamber and riser


Size mm 110
A A C C C B B B B A A

Code UCC7

Angle 45

A 380

B 420

C 600

Level invert with all socket connections Maximum invert depth - 600mm Meets the requirement of BS 7158 : 2001

A A A B B C C A

250mm Inspection chamber base


Size mm 110 Code UAC44 Angle 45 A 344 B 275 C 170

B C

Socket/spigot supplied with two blanking plugs fitted in branch inlets, level invert Maximum invert depth - 600mm

B A A C C C A B B B

250mm Bottom outlet inspection chamber


Size mm 110 Code UAC02 Angle 87 A 428 B 415 C 120

Four 110mm spigot upstands, three open Maximum invert depth to side connections 600mm

A C C C B B B B B B B EFFECTIVE HEIGHT A A A

250mm Inspection chamber riser


Size mm 250 Code UAR1  A 375 B 250
h

A double spigot, for use with chamber bases UAC44 & UAC02

A A A

A A C C C A

Lifting handle
Size mm 110 Code KP204W 4

Length
A

A 40
K

B B B

21

SOLID WA LL DRAI N AGE

250mm Inspection chamber lid & frame


Size mm
A

Code UCL2 SR250

A 280

B 50

C 20

250 250
B

Optional ring seal

To loading requirements of BS EN 124: 1994 Class A15 Black PVCu, including screws

A A C C B B

Spare ring seals


Size mm 250 Code SR250 O ring for use with UCL2

Conforming to the requirements of BS EN 681-1 1996 Type WC

B C

250mm square lid & frame


A B C
A

Size mm 250

Code UCL3

A 318

B 20

C 78

To loading requirements of BS EN 124: 1994 Class A15

C B C B A

Straight channel
Size mm 110 Code UCC4 A 1500 B 610 C 445
K

Double spigot, keyed for sand/cement benching

Long radius channel bend


Size mm
B C A A

Code UCB48L

Angle 87

A 310

B 360

C 270
K

110

Double socket, keyed for sand/cement benching

22

S O L I D W A L L D R AIN A GE

Slipper bend
C

Size mm Left hand 110


B A

Code USB41 USB42

A 230 230

B 120 120

C 65 65
K

Right hand 110


K

C C

B B

Ring seal socket, keyed for sand/cement benching; bend may be trimmed to adjust the angle of entry to the manhole Left hand USB41 illustrated

C C

A A

B B

Level invert reducer


Size mm 110 x 82 Code URM304 A 135 219 B 67 90 C 54 82
hK hK

A A

160 x 110 URM604 Socket/spigot

C C

B B
B

A A

Reducer
Size mm Code SRM325 A 35 40 B 20 25 C 12 12 82 x 68 110 x 68 URM425

C C

B B

A A

Solvent socket to 68mm downpipe


C C B B A A

Size mm 82 x 50

Code SRM30

A 70 48

B 48 25

C 19 19

110 x 50 SRM402

C C

B B

A A

Solvent socket to standard waste boss upstand

Concentric reducer
C B C B A A

Size mm

Code

A 103

B 80

C 19
K

110 x 50 SE41

Spigot to standard waste boss upstand

C C B B A A

Bottle gully trap


Size mm Code UG50 Angle 87 A 237 B 277 C 152 D 95
K

A D B

110

A15 load class to BS EN 124: 1994 Push fit socket outlet, three 110mm solvent weld inlets with 50mm boss upstands and rodding access 110 UG50D 87 237 277 152 95
K

With 110mm rear inlet open 110 UG50SA 87 237 277 152 95
K

With sealed lid


A

23
B

SOLID WALL DR AI NAGE


B

Spare bottle gully grid / sealed grid


Size mm
A

Code UG51 UG51SA

A 228 228

B 23 45

C
B

110 grid 110 sealed grid

For use with UG50 bottle gully

C
A
A

Bottle gully raising piece


Size mm
B
B

120 A 138 C B 120 A 138 120 A 138 B C

Code UG52

A 160

B 352

110

150mm Quantum pipe for use with bottle gully UG50 to adjust invert level of trap outlet

Compact gully trap


Size mm 110 Code UG40 Angle 45 A 280 B 385 C 232

Push fit socket outlet, Accepts 68mm downpipe inside larger boss with three 50mm boss upstands and rodding access

B A

Gully trap
Size mm 110
A

Code UG42

Angle 87

A 240

B 270

C 215
K

Push fit socket inlet and outlet


C B A

Size mm
C B A

Code UG44

Angle 45

A 170

B 294

C 28
K

110

Solvent socket inlet, spigot outlet


B
A

C A C A
B B C A

Gully hopper
Size mm 110 Code UG47 A 232 B 142 C 50

Solvent socket, accepts 68mm downpipe inside larger boss with two 50mm boss upstands Grating meets requirements of BS 4660: 2000 load Class K3 Size mm 110 Code UG48 A 160 B 142 C 50

B C A

Solvent socket, accepts 68mm downpipe inside larger boss with two 50mm boss upstands Grating meets requirements of BS 4660: 2000 load Class K3

24

S O L I D W A L L D R AIN A GE

Gully grating
A A
B

Size mm 110
C
CC

Code UG45

A 162

B 55

C 28

B A

Solvent socket Grating meets requirements of BS 4660: 2000 load Class K3

Spare gully grid


A

Size mm
B B

Code UG46

A 150

B 12

110
C C

For use with UG40 gully and UG45, UG47 & UG48 gully hoppers

A A B

Spare gully back plate


B A A B C

Size mm 110

Code UG49

A 150

B 80

C 16

A B

For use with UG40 gully and UG47 gully hoppers


C C

A
A

A B B

Inlet raising pieces


Size mm 110 Code UWS43 A 148 B 156

2 x 82mm upstands

C
B

C B

Gully inlet raising piece


Size mm 110 Code UW401 A 181 B 125 C 20

Solvent socket/spigot, four 50mm boss upstands, one open


B

Yard gully
Size mm Code UYG40 A 634 B 315 C 392 D 238
B

110
C

A
D

Black high density polyethylene with spigot outlet and removable rodding access plug

A B

Yard gully grating and frame


Code
C

A 400

B 320

C 75

A B C

UYG42

Cast iron with hinged grating meets the loading requirements of BS EN 124 Class B125 (12.5 tonne test load) suitable for car park areas

25

SOLID WALL DR AI NAGE


A C A B B A C A

Adaptor
Size mm 110 Code UA41 A 102 B 133 C 82
hK

PVCu pipe socket to salt glazed/pitched fibre pipe socket

Size mm 110

Code UA47

A 125

B 159

C 58

Salt glazed/cast iron pipe spigot to PVCu pipe spigot


C A

Size mm
B

Code UCA40

A 120

B 110

C 130

110

Socket/socket to suit thin wall clayware pipe


C
C

110

UCA41

120

110

138

Socket/socket to suit thick wall clayware pipe


A

C
A

Size mm 110

Code UA42

A 31

B 104

Rainwater to 110mm drain


A

UA42/RA42

C
A

C B

Size mm 110

Code UA43

A 58

B 25

C 34

Universal waste to 110mm drain

UA43/SA110

26

The Quantum Structured Wall Underground Drainage Product Range

QU ANTUM DRAIN AGE

Sewer drainage pipe


Size mm 150 150 225 300 Code ULS13 ULS16 ULS23 ULS33 Effective n Length m 3 6 3 3
hK hK hK hK

The appropriate number of seals are supplied with pipes/ fittings when ordered
L

Sewer drainage pipe & coupling/socket


Size mm 150 150
B

Code UPS13* UPS16* UPS23 UPS26 UPS33 UPS36

Effective n Length m 3 6 3 6 3 6
hK hK hK hK hK hK

225 225
B

300 300
L

The appropriate number of seals are supplied with pipes/ fittings when ordered
L

* Products illustrated (Larger sizes with integral socket/spigot)

Highway drainage pipe


B

Size mm
B A L

Code UPH16* UPH26 UPH36

Effective n Length m 6 6 6

A 90 125 110

B 175 275 340


h h h

150 225 300

Integral socket/spigot
B A L

The appropriate number of seals are supplied with pipes/fittings when ordered *Product illustrated

Perforated highway drainage pipe


Size mm 150
B

Code Code Effective n half slotted fully slotted Length m A USH16* USH26 USH36 UHH16 UHH26 UHH36 6 6 6 90

B 175
h h h

225 300
A L

125 275 110 340

Integral socket/spigot Seals to be ordered separately, if required *Product illustrated n Guaranteed actual length is 2.97m and 5.97m

28

Q U A N TU M D R A IN A GE

Coupling
B B

Size mm 150 225 300

Code UME15Q* UME25 UME35

A 170 220 237

B 83 94 110
hK hK hK

Double socket
A A

*Product illustrated

A A

Slip coupling
Size mm 150 225 300 Code UME16Q* UME26 UME36 A 170 220 237
hK hK hK

Double socket *Product illustrated

A A

Bend
Size mm 150 150
A A
C C B B

Code UMB19Q UMB14Q* UMB13Q UMB11Q UMB29 UMB24 UMB23 UMB21 UMB39 UMB34 UMB33 UMB31

Angle 87 45 30 15 87 45 30 15 87 45 30 15

A 200 115 105 95 595 160 145 125 730 195 175 150
h h h h h h h h h h h h

150 150 225 225 225 225 300

A A A A

300 300 300


B

Double socket
A A

*Product illustrated

C A

Equal branch
Size mm 150 150 225 300
B

Code UMY11Q* UMY13Q UMY22 UMY33

Angle 45 87 45 45

A 400 400 655 800

B 280 200 430 540

C 280 280 460 575


h h h h

All socket
C A

*Product illustrated

C A

29

QU ANTUM DRAIN AGE


A

C A

Unequal branch
Size mm Code Angle 45 87 45 45 A 316 340 370 520 B 232 180 300 375 C 236 236 300 425
h h h h

150 x 110 UMY10Q*


A

150 x 110 UMY12Q 225 x 110 UMY20 300 x 110 UMY30

B
A

All socket, 110mm sockets fitted with seal to accept solid wall pipe *Product illustrated h 225 x 150 UMY21 45 440 340 340 300 x 150 UMY31
C A
A

45


590 700

425 520

460 480

h h

300 x 225 UMY32

45

All socket, UMY31 150mm socket has seal which must be removed to accept Quantum pipe. To convert UMY21 150mm socket for solid wall pipe a snap cap SNC6 and seal SR6IT must be fitted

C A A

Socket plug
Size mm 150 Code UMJ11 A 160 B 100
h

Push fits into socket with Quantum seal fitted into first corrugation

End cap
A

Size mm 150 225 300

Code UMK11 UMK21* UMK31

A 70 95 110
h h h

Push fits over Quantum pipe with the seal in the first corrugation of the pipe *Product illustrated

Level invert reducer


Size mm Code A 200 240 B 95 110 C 90 95
h h

225 x150 UML21 300 x 225 UML32

The 150mm socket of the UML21 is fitted with a seal which must be removed to accept Quantum pipe
A

30

D B

A C

Q U A N TU M D R AIN A GE

Adaptor
Size mm
B A C

Code UMA45

A 230

B 90

C 60
h

150

Socket/spigot, Quantum or solid wall pipe to clayware coupling. Socket fitted with seal which must be removed to accept Quantum pipe
A A

Size mm 150 x 160


B
B

Code UMA17

A 160

B 71

C 82
h

Quantum socket to solid wall spigot

B A C A
C D

Flexible coupling
Size mm 150 225 300 Code UMD17 UMD27 UMD37 A 150 130 160
K K K

B A C

Manufactured to BS EN 295 Part 4 from synthetic elastomeric rubber with stainless steel clamping bands
B
D

Flexible gully connecting pipe


Size mm
C D

Code UMA44

Length m 50 coil
K

150

Corrugated single wall PVCu pipe kite marked to BS 4962. With UMR11 seal can be jointed to Quantum fittings

Spare Quantum pipe seals


Size mm Code 150 225 300 UMR11 UMR21 UMR31
hK hK hK

Conforming to the requirements of BS EN 681-1 1996 Type WC The appropriate number of seals are supplied with Quantum fittings

Snap cap & seal


Size mm Code 160 160 UR61T SNC6 Seal Snap cap
h h

To convert 150mm Quantum fittings to accept 160mm solid wall pipe

31

AN CILLA R Y ITEMS

Gully pot liner


B

Size litres 90 112

Code UMA43

A 760

B 500 500

C 520 680

D 220 380
h h

UMA49  920

A C D

Supplied with SNC6 snap cap and SR61T seal for use with Quantum bend or coupling to provide connection to gully spigot. British Board of Agrment Approved, Roads & Bridges Certificate No 91/RO66 and complies with Department of Transport Specification for Highway Works

Rodding point terminal


A B

Size mm 150

Code URP2Q

Angle 45

A 190

B 160

C 115

D 105

Aluminium cover and frame with two fixing screws Tested to 35kN test load, suitable for driveway applications when supported with concrete surround
D

Spare ring seals


Size mm
A

Code SR31T SR41T SR61T SR250 SR450 O ring for use with UCL2 O ring for use with UCR2

82 110 160 250 450

Conforming to the requirements of BS EN 681-1 1996 Type WC

Lubricant
Size 56g 100g 400ml Code SZ56* SZ100* SZ400* SZ500* UMA41 tube tub aerosol can tub tub

500g 1kg

Ozone friendly SZ400 non-flammable, C.F.C. free propellant


A C D

*WRAS approved

32

A N C I L L A R Y IT EMS

Solvent cement
Size 55ml 250ml
f VC du ro P lu Marley M m b in ng P 2 g/Drainage and Buildi S5 To B S45 0, B 14, BS4576, BS466
55 c ts

Code KS2 KS10 tube can with brush


K K

S olv Marley n t e nt C e m e K S1 0 VC/UP or u s e w it h UP

For jointing PVCu, MUPVC and ABS pipes and fittings, conforms to BS 6209: 1982 All cans and tubes carry date of manufacture and should be used within twelve months of this date

Spare blanking plug


Size mm 110 Code UCP1 UCP2 A 117 165 B 110 160 C 40 60
B

160

Black polypropylene
A B

C B A C A C A A B A C A B B A B

A B

Spare gully back plate


Size mm 110 Code UG49 A 150 B 80 C 16

For use with UG40 gully and UG47 gully hoppers

Spare gully grid


Size mm
B B

A A

Code UG46

A 150

B 12

110

A B A

For use with UG40 gully and UG45, UG47 and UG48 gully hoppers

A A B A B

Spare bottle gully grid/sealed grid


Size mm 110 Code UG51 UG51SA grid sealed grid A 228 228 B 23 45 110

B B

For use with UG50 bottle gully

33

L AR GE DIAMETER QU ANT U M

Quantum highway pipe


Size mm 400 500 600
A

Code UPH46 UPH56 UPH66

Length m 6 6 6

A 465 580 700

B 220 220 220


h h h

Push-fit socket 400 500 USH46 USH56 6 6 465 580 220 220
h h

Half slotted socket Order seals if necessary

Coupling
Size mm 400 500
A

Code UME45Q UME55Q UME65Q

A 305 382 455

B 228
h h h

600 Straight

Bend
Size mm 400 500 600 Code UMB44 UMB54 UMB64 Angle 45 45 45 A 600 700 800 B 600 700 800
h h h
B

Double socket

Unequal branch
A C

Size mm 400x225 500x225 400x150 500x150


B

Code UMY42 UMY52 UMY41 UMY51 UMY61

Angle 45 45 45 45 45

A 920 960 825 810 1040

B 430 520 350 490 310

C 610 650 530 520 640


h h

600x150

Branches are spigot ended and need to be used in conjunction with couplings and seals

Pipe seals
Size mm 400 500 600 Code UMR41 UMR51 UMR61
h h h

Quantum pipe seal (1) Seals are sold separately and should be ordered in addition to pipe and fittings

34

The Marley Underground Drainage Installation Guide

I NSTA LLATION

Pipe laying
The following information is based on the recommendations in BS 5955: Part 6 Installation of PVCu pipework for gravity drains and sewers and BS EN 1610 Construction and testing of drains and sewers and is intended as a general guide to good practice in the selection of bedding and backfill materials for Marley solid wall and Quantum underground drainage systems.

Excavation
Trenches should not be open for extended periods in advance of pipe laying and should be backfilled as soon as possible. It is essential that the sides of the trench are adequately supported during pipe laying. Trench widths should be as narrow as is practicable but not less than the pipe diameter plus 300mm to allow adequate sidefill to be placed. Deeper excavations should ideally incorporate a sub-trench in accordance with the diagram opposite.
Angle of unsupported trench to be in accordance with BS EN 1610

Trench width in accordance with BS EN 1610 Tables 1 & 2

Sub trench excavated as shown Pipe OD + 300mm

Pipe OD+ Bedding depth

Granular material for bed & surround of PVCu drains and sewers
Suitable imported granular material for bedding and surrounding PVCu solid wall and Quantum Pipes for private and adoptable sewer applications is detailed in the table right: Grading complying with the requirements of BS EN 1610. Granular material also includes aggregates for concrete to BS EN 12620.

Nominal pipe size 100/110mm 150/160mm 150/225mm and over

Granular material size 10mm nominal single-size 14 to 5mm course graded 10 or 14mm nominal single-size 14 to 5mm course graded 10,14 or 20mm nominal single-size 14 or 20 to 5mm course graded

Bedding & backfill


Where the as-dug material is suitable*, the bottom of the trench may be trimmed to form the pipe bed and the as-dug soil used as sidefill and backfill in accordance with BS EN 1610 bedding construction type B (see drawing opposite). *Suitable material is defined as material in accordance with the recommendations of BS 5955: Part 6: 1980 Appendix A, having a maximum particle size not exceeding 20mm. Where the as-dug material is un-suitable as bed and surround installation should be carried out in accordance with BS EN 1610 bedding construction type 1, as shown opposite. Trenches should be excavated to allow for the depth of bedding material. Before any pipework is installed the bedding material should be laid evenly along the bottom of the trench. The sidefill material must be the same as the bedding material and extended to the crown of the pipe and be thoroughly compacted. Where the backfill above the pipe contains stones larger than 40mm or where the pipework is deeper than 2m in poor ground, the granular material must extend at least 100mm above the pipe crown. Alternatively, backfill material can be graded to eliminate stones exceeding 40mm and this selected material used for the first 300mm above the pipe. When the pipes are to be laid in rock, compacted sand or gravel, or in very soft or wet ground requiring mechanical means of trimming, the bedding should be a minimum of 100mm.
Selected backfill must not contain stones larger than 40mm Sidefill

300mm

Pipe diameter

Trench bottom trimmed to form pipe bed

300mm 100mm Pipe diameter 50mm or 100mm dependent on in situ soil type and condition

Bed and sidefill with suitable granular material

36

I N S TA L LA T ION

Shallow domestic drains


Less than 600mm Paving slab Pipe diameter 50mm or 100mm dependent on in situ soil type and condition 75mm min granular material

Pipes laid at depths less than 600mm and which are not under a road should, where necessary, be protected against damage by placing over them a layer of concrete, paving slabs or similar. A minimum 75mm cushioning layer of granular material must be laid between pipes and the slabs or concrete. Where drains are laid in fields, additional protection may be required from heavy vehicles and equipment. It is recommended that the installation is carried out with a concrete slab spanning the trench as shown for drains under private roads (right).

Bed and surround with suitable granular material

Drains under solid ground floors


Concrete slab polythene membrane

backfill 100mm 100mm min Pipe diameter 100mm

Drains often have to be laid under buildings in order to connect sanitary pipework which has been positioned some distance from the outer walls. Where this occurs, deep hardcore within the foundation boundaries should be compacted first. The trench for the pipe should then be excavated and suitable material employed for the bedding and backfilling operation. If trenches are dug from original ground, pipes may be laid and surrounded as necessary before the top layer of hardcore is formed. Where a pipe passes through a wall or foundation of a building, a lintel or sleeve should be built-in to provide clearance around the pipe.

Trench dug out of compacted hardcore

Bed and surround with suitable granular material

Road construction Concrete slab spanning trench Mesh reinforcement if required 200mm min 100mm minimum

Concrete bed & surround


The flexible nature of PVCu pipes enables them to accommodate ground movement and other differential settlement that may occur under normal conditions. Therefore, the use of concrete bed and surround is not recommended and only under special circumstances, at very shallow cover depths or where it is necessary to safeguard foundations, should it be used. Where the use of concrete bed and surround is unavoidable, it is recommended that pipes are laid in 3 metre lengths and a compressible board is shaped to fit around each joint. Pipes should also be wrapped with polythene to prevent the ingress of cement slurry into ring seal joints.

Less than 900mm

Pipe diameter 100mm

Selected backfill must not contain stones larger than 40mm Bed and surround with suitable granular material

Drains under private roads


If the depth of cover under a road or driveway is less than 0.9m, a concrete slab spanning the trench width is required.

Road construction

Adoptable sewers under roads


For adoptable sewer applications pipe bedding details should be in accordance with the Water Industry Specification No.4-08-01. Selected as-dug material may be used for bedding and sidefill provided it meets the evaluation procedure and compaction fraction test values specified in WIS 4-08-01.The minimum cover under public roads should be 1.2m to the top of the pipe. The above information is for general guidance only and detailed proposals with regard to bedding and sidefill materials for sewers must be submitted to the relevant Adopting Authority for formal approval at the design stage of the project.

1.2 min under highways 0.9m min elseware

Backfill compacted in layers not exceeding 250mm thick Initial backfill material not less than 300mm thick heavy compaction equipment not to be used 150mm granular material above pipe crown

Pipe diameter 100mm min

Bed and surround with suitable granular material

For applications in accordance with DTP requirements, please refer to the technical design and installation guide, available to download from marley.co.uk 37

I NSTA LLATION

Highway drainage carrier drains


For applications in accordance with DTp requirements, the pipe bedding and backfill details shown opposite are recommended for PVCu pipes, as specified in the DTp Advice Note HA 40/89 Determination of Pipe and Bedding Combinations for Drainage Works. Special consideration should be given to the protection of pipes from construction site traffic. Note: 1. Clause numbers quoted opposite refer to the DTp Specification for Highway Works 2001. 2. The minimum and maximum trench width applies on and below a line 300mm above the outside top of the pipe. Bedding and Backfill Details Type T Field Loading Type S Main Road Loading

Type T

x + 600mm max x + 300mm min

300mm 50mm

Class 8 material to Clause 503.3 (iv) Material to Clause 503.3 (ii)

x/6 100mm min

Dimension x = external diameter of pipe Minimum cover to pipe Maximum cover to pipe 1000mm 3000mm (150mm dia) 2700mm (225mm and above)

Type S

x + 600mm max x + 300mm min

300mm 50mm

Class 8 material to Clause 503.3 (iv) Granular material to Clause 503.3 (i)
Dimension x = external diameter of pipe Minimum cover to pipe Maximum cover to pipe 900mm 6000mm (150mm dia) 5500mm (225mm and above)

Type G

x/6 100mm min

Filter drains
For applications in accordance with DTp requirements, the pipe bedding and backfill details shown opposite are as recommended in DTp Advice Note HA 40/89 Determination of Pipe and Bedding Combinations for Drainage Works. Minimum cover to drains to be 900mm, maximum cover to be 6000mm. Minimum trench width Y = X+300 for drains not exceeding 1.5m cover below finished level. Y = X+450 for drains exceeding 1.5m cover. Dimensions x = external diameter of pipe Type A or C filter material to Clause 505 or granular material to Clause 503.3 (i) Type B filter material to Clause 505
x

Type H

x/2

75mm x/3

Type I

Type J

75mm

Type K

50mm

x/2

75mm x/3

75mm

Concrete Grade C10P

Type L
Turf or seed on top soil

Type M
Turf or seed on top soil

75mm

x/2

75mm

38

75mm x/3

75mm

75mm

I N S TA L LA T ION

Access & inspection


Rodding points
A rodding point may be located at the head of a drain as an alternative to an inspection chamber or manhole. As rodding is only possible in one direction, which must be in the direction of flow, sufficient rodding points should be incorporated to provide access to all parts of the drain. Since it is not possible to remove debris from a rodding point, a shallow access chamber, inspection chamber or manhole must be provided at a point downstream. Rodding points should not be used on drains with invert depths of more than 2m and care must be taken during installation to ensure no load is transferred onto the branch upstand of pipe. The URP1 45 rodding point terminal may be used in situations accessible to light motor vehicles of up to 0.5 ton wheel load provided it is bedded and surrounded in concrete. Where rodding points are positioned in gardens it is also recommended that the area surrounding the terminal is paved or concreted to prevent the cover from becoming concealed by grass or soil.

Head of drain rodding point


URP1/URP2C rodding point terminal

2m max

45 bend

Concrete bed and surround 110mm/160mm drain Bed and surround with suitable granular material

250mm inspection chambers


250mm inspection chambers may be used as an alternative to traditional manholes for invert depths up to 600mm. Intermediate depths can be accommodated by cutting the chamber riser using a hard tipped handsaw or similar. The UCC7 is a one peice, level invert chamber with push-fit inlet and outlet sockets, making installation quick and easy. Square or circular PVCu lids and frames are available for use with 250mm inspection chambers and meet the loading requirements of BS EN 124: 1994 Class A15. An alternative to the UCC7 is the level invert chamber base UAC44 with separate riser UAR1. Both square or circular lids and frames are suitable for use with this inspection chamber assembly. Where the UCC7 or UAC44 inspection chambers are used to make a 90 change of direction in the drain, 45 bends should be fitted to the inlet and outlet connections to maintain a level invert through the chamber. It is also recommended that the peak flow in the drain is always discharged through the main channel and chambers are rotated accordingly on site to accommodate this.
Bed and surround with suitable granular material UCL2 or UCL3 lid and frame Local concrete surround

600mm max

UCC7 250mm inspection chamber

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250mm bottom outlet inspection chamber


The 250mm bottom outlet inspection chamber UAC02 provides a multiple collection point for branch drains from one or more dwellings and may also serve as a rodding and testing point for the main drain. The 110mm bottom outlet ensures that discharges from the side branches are quickly transmitted to the main drain which may be situated directly under the chamber or to one side at a lower level. The bottom outlet chamber is ideal for situations where the main drain runs parallel to a building at a lower level as this allows the chamber to be positioned directly above the drain. Connection is then made using a back drop arrangement with a 45 branch and bend to the main drain. Each chamber has four 110mm spigot inlets, three of which are open and the fourth can be opened for use if necessary. The UE43 plug can be used to blank off connections not required and the chamber riser UAR1 cut to accommodate invert depths of less than 600mm. The UCL2 circular or UCL3 square lid and frame can be used to provide access to the chamber at ground level.
600mm max

UCL2 or UCL3 lid and frame

Local concrete surround UAR1 riser

UAC02 chamber body UBL488 long radius bend

UE407 coupling

Alternative 45 bend & branch Bed and surround with suitable granular material

450mm inspection chambers


450mm inspection chambers may be used as an alternative to traditionally constructed manholes for invert depths of up to 1.2 metres. Intermediate depths can easily be accommodated by simply cutting a riser, between the ribbed sections, to the desired height using a fine tooth saw. The chambers incorporate a push fit jointing system between components using ring seals fitted around the risers to enable water testing to be carried out. Chambers should be installed on a 100mm bed of suitable as-dug or granular material and care should be taken to ensure the bedding material is evenly compacted under the base so that the chamber is fully supported. During the installation stage and prior to backfilling, it is recommended that chamber riser retaining clips UCC10 are fitted to maintain vertical alignment of the chamber during the backfilling operation. The riser can be trimmed to suit the finished ground level and the cover and frame fitted to prevent debris from entering the drain. Sidefill material should extend to just below ground level and the cast iron cover and frame set in a concrete plinth. Two versions of chamber base are available, the UCC3 has 110mm inlets and outlet and the UCC5 has 110/160mm inlets and 160mm outlet. Both have ring seal socket connections. When connecting the UCC3 or UCC5 chamber base to a riser, the ring seal must be inserted in the first groove of the riser, as detailed opposite. When jointing riser to riser, the ring seal is always located in the first groove and to ease jointing it is recommended that silicone lubricant is used. The UCC5 160mm chamber base is fully compatible with 150mm Quantum pipe and fittings if the snap cap and seal is removed. Inspection chambers UCC3 and UCC5 are designed to withstand water testing in accordance with BS EN 1610. Chambers may be filled to ground level (1.2 metres max) in isolation or as part of a pipeline or complete drainage installation. Due to the non-absorbent nature of plastic materials the one hour conditioning period is not necessary prior to carrying out a water test.
Local concrete bed and surround to frame UCL35/UCL35PP/UCL125 cover and frame

UCR2 chamber riser UCC3 110mm or UCC5 160mm base UCC10 chamber riser clip

Bed and surround with suitable granular material

UCL125 ductile iron cover and frame to BS EN 124 Class B125 for use in roads

Bond breaker around riser (heavy duty DPC or similiar) Surface

Concrete surround 200mm deep Chamber riser

Ring seal

110mm (UCC3) / 160mm (UCC5)

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450mm deep inspection chambers


For the installation of an inspection chamber deeper than 1.2m, the regulations require the clear opening to be reduced to 350mm to prevent man entry. Inspection and maintenance should be carried out by remotely operated equipment and the maximum depth is limited to 4m. Access is only permitted when there is no other alternative. For full details please refer to the Building Regulations (England & ales) Approved Document H Drainage & Waste Disposal April 2002 or Part 3 of the Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004 BSEN 752 2008. The 110mm deep inspection chamber UCC3D incorporates reinforcing ribs on the underside of the chamber and a single UCR3 chamber riser rod welded to the chamber base. Please note that the standard UCC3 chamber base and UCR2 riser are not suitable for deep inspection applications. Featuring increased ring stiffness over our standard inspection chamber riser, the UCR3 deep inspection riser must be used for all deep inspection applications. Identifiable by tabs marked Deep Inspection on the inside, each riser is 480mm high (effective height 440mm) and is supplied with a 450mm ring seal. The UCR3 must be used in conjunction with the UCC5 or UCC3D inspection chambers for deep inspection. The reduced access ring (UCLRR) fits into the UCL35PP lid and creates the required restricted opening for non-man entry.

Granular material

Local concrete bed & surround

UCLRR, UCL35PP

UCR3

110mm or 160mm pipe

UCC3D or UCC5

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Sealed access manholes


Rodding points, shallow access and inspection chambers alleviate the need for the majority of manholes but at certain strategic positions there will be a requirement to construct a working chamber over a drain where the depth makes it impossible to reach the invert from ground level. Sealed access manholes have demonstrated over several decades that they effectively prevent debris on the building site from entering the drain during construction. The use of sealed access fittings eliminates the cement mortar benching required for traditional open channel manholes. By installing straight or branch access fittings, complete flexibility of layout is provided by standard components. Pre-formed rectangular or circular concrete sections are ideal for constructing manholes and they considerably reduce the installed cost when compared with brick built manhole chambers. It is recommended that ring seal couplings are located as close as possible to entry and exit points of manholes to create rocker pipes to accommodate any differential settlement that may occur following the backfilling operation. The optional standing plug assembly provides a useful method of draining surface water that may infiltrate the manhole. The components shown are available from the Marley Soil & Waste product range. The standing plug, when withdrawn from its seal, will allow water to flow into the drain before anyone enters the chambers. However, if left out there will be no detrimental effect on the performance of the drainage system. Where there is a significant difference in invert levels between drain lines, the change of level may be accommodated by a back-drop manhole. PVCu pipes and fittings are ideal for this application because, due to their high strength, they may be installed inside the chamber where they are fully exposed for inspection and cleansing operations.

Backdrop sealed access manhole


UE42 access cap Optional standing plug

UY471 access branch 110mm drain

Pre-formed concrete sections or brick built manhole Boss pipe UE407 Straight coupling

Close coupled UB45/47 bends

UF42 access pipe

Elevation

Concrete base

Double branch sealed access manhole


Pre-formed concrete sections or brick built manhole UE407 straight coupling Concrete infill to floor of chamber with clearance around access caps Optional standing plug UE407 straight coupling

110mm drain

Concrete base

Open channel manholes


250mm inspection chambers provide an alternative to traditionally constructed manholes for invert depths of up to 600mm and 1200mm respectively. However, at greater invert depths there will be a need to construct manholes using brick or precast concrete sections. For this reason a range of PVCu open channel pipes and fittings have been designed specifically for building into brick or concrete manholes. Each component is designed to provide a good key for sand and cement benching. Elevation Where PVCu straight channel pipes and fittings are used, these should be bedded in cement mortar on a suitably prepared concrete base. Side branches should connect to the main channel using slipper bends trimmed to the required angle of entry, which must be less than 90 and positioned to ensure a smooth discharge into the main drain. Concrete infill and benching should rise vertically from the top edge of the channel to a height not less than the soffit of the outlet, and be sloped upwards to the wall of the manhole at a gradient of approximately 1 in 12. The surface should be floated to a smooth, hard finish with 1:2 cement mortar, laid monolithic with the benching and rounded off to a 25mm radius. Where a 90 change of direction is required within an open channel manhole the 110mm long radius channel bend UCB48L may be used.

Manhole with open channel and slipper bend


UE407 straight coupling Cement mortar benching Pre-formed concrete sections or brick built manhole

110mm or 160mm drain

Concrete base

UE407 straight coupling USB41 slipper bend 110mm drain UCC4/6 channel

UE 407 straight coupling

110/160mm solid wall pipes or 150mm Quantum pipe

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Adoptable manholes
For adoptable sewer applications manhole details should be in accordance with the Sewers for Adoption Manual and any additional requirements specified by the relevant Adopting Authority. All changes in direction between incoming and outgoing sewers should be accommodated within the manhole chamber as no external bends are permitted. Typical manhole chamber sizes for sewers between 150mm and 300mm diameter are as follows: Depth to Pipe Soffit Less than 1m or 900 x 675mm 1m to 1.35m or 1240 x 675mm 1.35m to 6.0m Chamber Size 1050 diameter

Typical Quantum sewer backdrop assembly


Quantum pipe 45 branch

Access cap

1350 diameter
45 bend

1200 diameter

Manhole chamber

External backdrops may be used where appropriate but are subject to approval. A typical construction detail is shown opposite. Certain Adopting Authorities now allow the use of pre-formed chamber bases built into traditional manholes as shown on page 42, providing that the directions of the sewers suit the angles of the inlets and outlet. However, prior approval of the Adopting Authority must be sought before utilising pre-formed chamber bases on adoptable sewer systems. It is recommended that ring seal couplings are located as close as possible to entry and exit points of manholes to create rocker pipes to accommodate any differential settlement that may occur following the backfilling operation.
Quantum pipe

150mm concrete surround Clayware channel 2-45 or 90 bend

Concrete base

Typical Quantum sewer manhole connection


Precast concrete chamber ring 150mm concrete surround Joint as close as possible Rocker pipe

Clayware channel

Bed and surround with suitable granular material

Concrete base

Ring seal couplings Invert level of channel and pipe to be aligned and bedded in cement mortar

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Highway drainage manhole details


For Department of Transport (DTp) applications, manhole and catchpit construction details are to be in accordance with DTp Specification for Highway Works Clause 507 and Highway Construction Details Sheet Nos. F3 to F12. Brick or in situ concrete manholes may be used for Highway Drains up to 450mm diameter at depths up to 1000mm from finished ground level to top of pipe. Benching may be formed with an in situ concrete invert or by utilising a straight access channel formed from Quantum pipe. Branch connections can be terminated inside the chamber wall with invert and benching formed with in situ concrete. As an alternative to this, Quantum pipe can be easily and accurately cut on site using a fine tooth saw. The branch pipe can extend to the main channel with the section of pipe inside the chamber cut along its horizontal diameter to form a half round channel and the end of the pipe splayed to suit the angle of connection with the main channel. It is recommended that ring seal couplings are located as close as possible to entry and exit points of manholes to create rocker pipes to accommodate any differential settlement that may occur following the backfilling operation.

Engineering brickwork or in situ concrete walls

Branch connection

Rocker pipe In situ concrete base Straight access channel formed from pipe Pipe socket or bend as required to be located 500mm maximum from inside face of chamber

Catchpit manholes
For DTp applications catchpits should be constructed using 1050mm diameter precast concrete chamber rings with top of base slab 300mm minimum below the invert level of the outlet pipe. Construction details to comply with DTp Highway Construction Details Drawing No. Fl l. For full manhole and catchpit construction details please refer to DTp Manual of Contract Documents, Volume 3 Highway Construction Details.
In situ concrete base and benching Straight access channel formed from pipe Precast concrete chamber rings

Rocker pipe

Pipe socket or bend as required to be located 500mm maximum from inside face of chamber

Flow

Precast concrete chamber rings

Flow

In situ concrete slab

Invert level of outlet pipe to be 300mm minimum above base

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Highway road gullies


The Marley Gully Pot Liners UMA43 & UMA49 meet the requirements set out in DTp Specification For Highway Works for use as permanent shuttering when forming an in situ concrete gully. For DTp applications gully construction details to be in accordance with DTp Highway Construction Details Drawing No. F13. A standard UR61T seal and seal cap SNC6 are provided with each gully pot liner. These are to be fitted to a Quantum coupling or bend to enable a direct push fit connection to be made to the gully pot spigot outlet. The flexible connecting pipe is then jointed to the other end of the coupling or bend with a Quantum pipe seal UMR11 fitted in the first corrugation.
1. 160mm gully pot spigot outlet Quantum or flexible pipe with seal fitted in first corrugation

150mm Quantum coupling or bend with UR6IT seal and seal cap SNC6 fitted to connect to gully pot spigot outlet

2.

150mm coupling UME15Q with UR6IT seal and seal cap SNC6 fitted to connect to gully pot spigot outlet

3.

150mm Quantum pipe cut to suit 45 branch 150mm PVCu flexible pipe UMA44 cut to suit 45 branch

Carrier drain Carrier drain

150mm 45 bend UMB14Q with UR61T seal and seal cap SNC6 fitted to connect to gully pot spigot outlet

4.

5.

Clayware to PVCu adaptor UMA45 150mm Quantum or flexible pipe

Flexible coupling UMD17 Concrete gully pot with spigot outlet Concrete gully pot with cast-in polypropylene socket for clayware pipes

150mm Quantum or flexible pipe

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Gully combinations
A comprehensive range of gully components are available, allowing a wide variety of gully combinations to be assembled on site to accommodate different applications. The square or rectangular gully hoppers UG47/UG48 and the gully inlet raising piece UW401 all have connections for small diameter pipework above the trap water level but below the gully grating. MUPVC waste pipes to BS 5255 can be connected using standard Marley universal boss adaptors, as illustrated. The larger diameter upstands on the square or rectangular gully hoppers are designed to provide a solvent socket connection for 68mm circular rainwater pipes.

32, 40 or 50mm waste pipe UG47 rectangular gully hopper

32, 40 or 50mm waste pipe UG48 square gully hopper SA411, 421, 420 boss adaptor

110mm pipe KB1/2/3 bend 110mm pipe 32, 40 or 50mm waste pipe

P trap gully
The double socketed design of the UG42 P Trap Gully makes it ideal for use in restricted spaces and allows the trap to be orientated to suit the direction of the outlet pipe. Both the square UG48 and rectangular UG47 hoppers can be connected to the gully using a short length of 110mm plain ended pipe. The UG45 gully grating can also be used with the UW401 raising piece to receive waste pipe connections below ground level.
SA411, 421, 420 boss adaptor

UG45 gully grating

UW401 raising piece

32, 40 or 50mm waste pipe

110mm drain P trap gully UG42

110mm drain

P trap gully UG42

Compact gully
The UG40 compact gully is simple in design, it features a unique design of baffle plate which, when removed, provides full access to the main body for cleaning and rodding purposes. Where a very shallow invert is required a UB45 110mm x 45 socket/ spigot bend can be connected into the gully outlet. The larger boss upstands on the gully accept 68mm rainwater pipe connections and the smaller upstands allow 32, 40 and 50mm pipes to be connected using the appropriate boss connector.
32/40/50mm waste pipe or 68mm circular/65mm square downpipe Rainwater pipe UG40 gully

Bottle gully
The UG50 bottle gully is ideal for new or replacement installations and it provides the facility for direct 110mm connections and waste pipe connections via boss adaptors. The fully rotating gully body allows the outlet to be orientated to suit the drain connection. A removable rubber plug provides access for cleaning. The gully raising piece UG52 allows the gully to be installed at depths up to 520mm.
32, 40 or 50mm waste pipe SA411, 421, 420 boss adaptor

UG52 raising piece 110mm socket outlet 110mm solvent socket

110mm outlet Bottle gully UG50/UG50D

Installation procedure
1. Cut raising piece to required length by saw cutting midway between external corrugations. 2. Remove sealing ring from gully frame spigot and place in first corrugation of raising piece. 3. Lubricate and push fit raising piece into top of gully body. 4. Gully frame spigot can then be solvent welded into top of raising piece. The gully grating may be secured to the frame if necessary with two 6 x 13mm self tapping pan head corrosion resistant screws (not supplied).

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Stub waste connections


Isolated ground floor sanitary appliances are frequently supplied with their own 110mm drain in the form of an oversized and unventilated branch. There are two methods of connecting MUPVC or ABS waste pipework direct to drain. The SRM402 reducer may be used and solvent welded onto a plain spigot-upstand of pipe. With the SE41 reducer a flexible connection is provided at floor level as this fitting push fits into a ring seal socket. Standard Marley boss adaptors are used with both types of reducer.
40 or 32mm pipe SA421/411 boss adaptor SRM402 reducer 110mm PVCu pipe 50mm pipe SA420 boss adaptor SRM402 reducer 110mm PVCu pipe

40 or 32mm pipe SA421/411 boss adaptor SE41 reducer Ring seal socket 110mm PVCu pipe

50mm pipe SA420 boss adaptor SE41 reducer Ring seal socket 110mm PVCu pipe

Rainwater pipe connections


External rainwater pipes usually connect direct to the drain or, depending on the design of the sewerage system, via a gully trap. The diameter of 110mm PVCu Solid Wall above and below ground drainage systems are the same and therefore direct connection may be achieved without an adaptor. Where rainwater pipes connect directly to a drain and are of different sizes, a suitable reducer and adaptor fitting will be required. 1. 110mm PVCu to 68mm circular rainwater pipe 2. 110mm PVCu to 65mm square rainwater pipe 3. 82mm PVCu to 68mm circular rainwater pipe 4. 110mm PVCu to 82mm circular rainwater pipe

1.

68mm circular rainwater pipe

2.

65mm square rainwater pipe RLE2 adaptor

RRM425 reducer 110mm PVCu pipe 3. 68mm circular rainwater pipe 4.

RRM425 reducer 110mm PVCu pipe 82mm circular rainwater pipe SRM304 reducer

SRM325 reducer 82mm PVCu pipe

Ring seal socket 110mm PVCu pipe

1.

2. Thin wall clay pipe 2:1 sand and cement Gaskin

Connections to other materials


Various adaptor fittings are available to facilitate connection of PVCu pipework to drainage systems of other materials. 1. PVCu pipe socket to thin wall clayware socket 2. PVCu spigot to stoneware socket 3. PVCu socket to stoneware/cast iron spigot 4. PVCu pipe socket to thick wall clayware socket The UMA45 adaptor shown on page 31 can be used to connect 160mm solid wall drainage pipes to BS EN 1401: 2000 to 150mm diameter nominal size clayware pipes.

UCA40 adaptor

PVCu pipe 3. 2:1 sand and cement

PVCu pipe 4. Gaskin

UA41 adaptor

Stoneware socket

Stoneware/cast UA47 iron spigot adaptor

UE407 coupling

PVCu pipe

UCA41 adaptor

Thickwall clay pipe

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Quantum sewer
When installing Quantum Sewer Pipes it is recommended that the pipes are orientated with the red identification stripe uppermost to provide positive confirmation of the pipe grade at the inspection stage prior to backfilling. This will also enable easy identification should it be necessary to subsequently expose a section of the pipe to make a new connection.
Pipe cut between corrugations with fine tooth saw

Cutting and jointing Quantum pipes


Quantum pipes may be easily cut to length on site if required using a fine tooth saw. Saw cuts should be made square to the pipe midway between the corrugations. It is not necessary to chamfer the end of the pipe after cutting. Unlike joints on standard solid wall pipe, where the ring seal is located in a housing within the socket, with Quantum pipe the ring seal is fitted around the pipe. The procedure for jointing is as follows: 1. Ensure that the end of the pipe and inside the socket are free from swarf, grit, etc. 2. Fit seal into the first corrugation of the pipe making sure that the seal is correctly handed, as shown opposite, and that it is not twisted. 3. Apply lubricant around the pipe seal and inside the socket. 4. Push pipe fully into the socket either by hand or by using a timber block and lever on the other end of the pipe. Quantum couplings, bends, branches and reducers have an all socket configuration and jointing these to Quantum pipe is achieved in the same way as described above.
Quantum seal fitted in first corrugation of pipe and handed as shown

Pipe socket or coupling

Connection to 160mm solid wall drainage pipes


All 150mm Quantum sockets have been designed for use with Quantum pipes and 160mm solid wall pipes to BS EN 1401: 2000. To adapt a Quantum fitting to accept 160mm solid wall drainage pipe, a snap cap SNC6 and seal UR61T must be fitted to the end of the socket to enable a connection to be made, as shown opposite.

URM11 seal in first corrugation

SNC6 snap cap and seal UR6IT

Connection to 110mm solid wall drainage pipes


Connection between 150mm Quantum and 110mm solid wall pipe can be achieved by fitting a snap cap SNC6 and seal UR61T to the end of the socket. A connection can then be made to a reducer URM604 as shown opposite.

150mm Quantum pipe

UME15Q coupling

160mm solid wall pipe

URM11 seal in first corrugation

SNC6 snap cap and seal UR6IT

110mm solid wall pipe 150mm Quantum pipe UME15Q coupling 160 x 110mm reducer URM604

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Connection to other materials


Quantum to thick wall clayware
The UMA45 adaptor may be used to connect 150mm Quantum pipe to Densleeve or Hepsleeve 188mm outside diameter clayware pipe. The adaptor is designed to allow Quantum pipe to be jointed with clayware pipe using a standard clayware pipe coupler.

Quantum pipe inserted full depth of adaptor

Thick wall clayware pipe

Installation procedure
1. Remove factory fitted T seal from adaptor socket. 2. Fit Quantum seal on the pipe in the 10th corrugation from the end of the pipe ensuring the seal is correctly handed as shown on page 48. 3. Lubricate the seal and inside the socket of the adaptor. Push the adaptor over the pipe, ensuring the pipe passes completely through the adaptor until the end of the pipe aligns with the end of the adaptor. 4. Lubricate the adaptor spigot and push into the clayware pipe coupler up to the central register.
Quantum pipe inserted full depth of adaptor Thin wall clayware pipe Quantum pipe with seal fitted in 10th corrugation UMA45 adaptor with integral seal removed Clayware pipe coupler

Quantum to thin wall clayware


The same adaptor can also be used to connect 150mm Quantum pipe to Hepsleeve or Supersleeve 178mm outside diameter clayware pipe. For this application the end spigot of the adaptor is first removed using a fine tooth saw. The remaining section of the adaptor is then suitable for connecting directly into a standard polypropylene clayware pipe coupler as shown opposite. The installation sequence for this application is similar to that described above but the seal is fitted on the Quantum pipe in the 6th corrugation from the end of the pipe to take into account the shortened length of the adaptor.
Quantum pipe with seal fitted in 6th corrugation

UMA45 adaptor with integral seal removed

Clayware pipe coupler Thick wall clayware pipe

Solid wall PVCu pipe to clayware


The UMA45 adaptor can also be used as supplied to connect 160mm solid wall PVCu pipe to clayware drainage, as shown opposite.

Flexible couplings
The range of flexible couplings allow connections to be made between Quantum pipes and pipes of other materials.

Installation procedure
1. Ensure pipe ends and couplings are clean and free from dirt and grit. 2. Loosen clamps and slide coupling fully over the Quantum pipe. 3. Mark the end of the second pipe at half a coupling width. 4. Butt pipes together and slide coupling back over joint using the mark to ensure the coupling is centralised on the joint. 5. Fully tighten the worm drive clamps. Pipe 150mm Quantum (160mm outside diameter) Flexible Coupling Other Pipe Material UMD17 150mm clayware 150mm concrete 150mm PVCu twin wall 150mm outlet plastic Gully pot liners Maximum outside diameter of pipe 200mm UMD27 225mm clayware 225mm concrete 250mm ductile iron 250mm PVCu pipes to BS 5481 Maximum outside diameter of pipe 290mm Minimum outside diameter of pipe 265mm UMD37 300mm clayware 300mm concrete 315mm PVCu pipes to BS 5481 Maximum outside diameter of pipe 385mm

160mm solid wall PVCu pipe

UMA45 adaptor with integral seal

Clayware pipe coupler

Quantum pipe

Flexible coupling

Other pipe material

225mm Quantum (250mm outside diameter)

300mm Quantum (330mm outside diameter)

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Future connections
If a drainage system is likely to be extended in the future, branches at appropriate locations should be installed with the branch pipes blanked off with socket plugs. However, should it be required to install a new branch connection into an existing drain the following procedure should be adopted: 1. Materials required:Branch fitting of appropriate size. Two short lengths of pipe (minimum length 300mm). Quantum pipe seals. Two slip couplings. 2. Fit the two short lengths of pipe into the branch fitting using the standard jointing procedure shown on page 48. Mark ends of pipe at half a coupling depth. 3. Use this assembly to mark the length of existing pipe to be removed and then cut out the section of pipe. 4. Ensure the ends of the existing pipe are free from dirt, swarf, etc. Lubricate two slip couplings and slide fully over the ends of the existing pipe past the first corrugation. 5. Fit Quantum pipe seals to the first corrugation of each pipe end with the seals handed as illustrated to allow the couplings to slide back over the seals. 6. Lubricate all pipe seals and place branch assembly into position with branch pipe in desired plane. 7. Slide couplings back over joints using marks to ensure couplings are centralised on joints. The above method of constructing a new connection to an existing drain meets the requirements of BS EN 1610: 1997 Clause 9-2. A Quantum branch fitting can be installed into an existing concrete or clayware drain by following a similar procedure as described above but utilising appropriate flexible coupling in place of the slip couplings.
Pipe seals to be handed as shown to allow couplings to slide back over joint Slip coupling Slip coupling Branch Slip coupling Branch

Section of existing pipe to be removed

Slip coupling

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Testing drainage systems


Air or water testing of systems should be carried out as required by the particular approving Authority. Reference should be made to the following documents for guidance: Building Regulations Part H-Clause 2.26. BS EN 1610: 1997 Sections 12 and 13. It is recommended that air test method LA is adopted. However the standard water test can also be used. Due to the non-absorbent nature of plastic materials the one hour conditioning period is not necessary prior to commencing a water test.

Rodding equipment
Marley underground drainage systems may be rodded using continuous flexible rods, sectional polypropylene rods or other similar flexible systems. Rodding heads should incorporate a guide roller, and rigid couplings between sectional rods should not exceed 100mm in length. Pointed or boring type metal fittings are not recommended. Mechanical rodding techniques may be used with the exception of rotating toothed root cutters. These devices were primarily designed for use on traditional pipe materials where joint failure has occurred and allowed the ingress of roots. The incidence of PVCu ring seal joints failing in this way is extremely rare.

Water jetting PVCu drains and sewers


High pressure water jetting is now used extensively and is a recommended technique for the general cleaning, de-scaling and removal of blockages from both Marley solid wall pipes and Quantum drainage systems. The Code of Practice for Sewer Jetting published by The Water Research Centre contains detailed guidance on the use of this type of equipment for drain and sewer maintenance. Adherence to the recommendations contained in this document is strongly advised when jetting all pipe materials. The Code of Practice recommends for all house drainage systems and sewers where exact details of the condition, age and pipe material cannot be verified that a jetting pressure of 130 bar (1900 psi) is not exceeded. Independent jetting trials for blockage clearance in PVCu pipes have conclusively demonstrated that the improved hydraulic performance and smoother internal bore allows most types of blockages to be removed using standard rear facing jet nozzles at jetting pressures well below the maximum recommended in the Code. The Code of Practice recommends for all pipe materials that static jetting above 1900 psi is used only following confirmation that the pipeline being jetted is in good structural condition. Where up to date and accurate records of the condition of the sewer are unavailable a CCTV survey may be required prior to jetting above 1900 psi. The Code of Practice recommends a maximum jetting pressure of 180 bar (2600 psi) for PVCu pipes, when using a standard jet head. Where the distance from the access point to the blockage exceeds the travel capability of the standard jet head running at 180 bar (2600 psi) the use of a low impact jet head will allow higher pressures (thus great running distance) to be achieved without increased risk of pipe damage. The jet head manufacturers recommendations for maximum operating pressures should be observed when using these types of jet head.

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Safety
The relevant regulations as outlined in the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 should be followed. Also follow the recommendations contained in the booklet Safe Working in Sewers and Sewerage Works published by the National Joint Health and Safety Committee for Water Services.

Pipe bundles
Solid wall pipes 82mm 110mm 160mm Quantum sewer & highway drainage pipes Size 150mm 225mm 300mm Pipes per Bundle 46 16 9 Size Pipes per Bundle 156 100 46

Transportation and handling


PVCu pipes and fittings are strong and lightweight and therefore very easily handled, however, reasonable care should be exercised. During transportation loose pipes should preferably be loaded and unloaded by hand but if mechanical equipment is utilised, web or rope slings are recommended. Larger quantities of pipes are delivered in secure bundles within timber frames and wherever possible the pipes should remain within this packaging until required for installation. It is recommended that pipe bundles are unloaded by forklift or by using web or rope slings. Fittings are generally packed in cardboard boxes, plastic bags or in shrink-wrapped form.

Storage of loose pipes on site


Pipe bundles may be stacked up to three high on firm level ground ensuring that the frames are placed wood to wood to avoid damaging the pipes. Pipes should not be removed from any position within stacked bundles. Before removing pipes the bundles should be placed at ground level and provision made to retain the frames in an upright position as pipes are removed. Although Marley Quantum pipes have a corrugated external profile their unique design allows them to be easily slid out without the corrugations interlocking. Pipes which have been delivered loose or have been removed from pre-packed bundles should be stored on a reasonably flat, level surface on timber battens not less than 75mm wide spaced at a maximum of 1m centres. Side support should also be provided at intervals not exceeding 1.5m. Pipes of different sizes should preferably be stacked separately but where this is not possible larger diameter pipes should be placed at the bottom. Spigot and socket pipes should be stacked with sockets at alternate ends protruding to ensure pipes are evenly supported over their length. Pipes stored in the open for long periods or exposed to strong sunlight should be covered with an opaque sheet (not black). Fittings supplied in cardboard boxes or polythene bags should be stored in a cool place out of direct sunlight and away from any heat source.

Pipe storage

1.5m max

1m max

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head Office Lenham, Maidstone, Kent ME17 2DE


Telephone: 01622 858888 Fax: 01622 858725 www.marley.co.uk www.equator.co.uk

Scotland
Birkenshaw Industrial Estate Uddingston, Glasgow G71 5PA Telephone: 01698 815231 Fax: 01698 810307

export division
Lenham, Maidstone Kent ME17 2DE England Telephone: +44 (0)1622 858888 Fax: +44 (0)1622 850778

Further information For Technical advice please call 01622 852695 For general enquiries and details of your nearest stockist please call the customer services department on 01622 852585 email: marketing@marleyext.com