Anda di halaman 1dari 10

Scoring Key

Scoring Indicators Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

(i)

Acidic buffer: CH3COOH + CH3COONa Basic buffer: NH4Cl + NH4OH

2 1 3

(ii) Buffer is a solution which resist change in pH by the addition of small amount of acid or base. Here the H+ ions from the acid will be neutralised by the buffer

.1
12

00

ar

ks

.in

Chapter : 4. THERMODYNAMICS C.O. Qn. (1) The entropy change for the transformation of H2O(l) H2O(g) at 1 atm pressure is given below. No. 1. 2. 3. a) b) Temperature in K 272 273 274 Ssystem J/K/mol 21.85 21.99 22.13 S surrounding J/K/mol
+ + +

: 19, 20

21.93 21.99 22.05

Discuss the spontaneity of process with relevance to the data, at the given temperature. Out of the three temperature processes, which one is at equlibrium ? Justify your answer. [3 score; 6 minutes]

No. 1. 2. 3. a) b)

m 00

272 273 274

21.85 21.99 22.13

ar

Temperature in K

Ssystem J/K/mol

ks

Hcp A-co--a-n H2O(l) H2O(g) BIp `uXn-I-am--ns Ft{Sm]n hyXymkw kw_-n ]nI Xmsg sImSp-n-cn-p-p. Ssurrounding J/K/mol
+ + +

Xn-cn-p 3 {]h-\--fn, GXv Dujvam-hn-ep {]h-\-amWv kp-e-\m-h-bnep--Xv ? \n-fpsS Dcw km[q-I-cn-p-I.

.1

]nI D]-tbm-Kn-v, Xn-cn-p Dujvam-hn Cu {]h-\-ns spontaneity N sNp-I.

Scoring Key

Scoring Indicators

.in
21.93 21.99 22.05 1 1

[2 kvtIm; 6 an\nv]
Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

(a)

Ssystem + Ssurrounding is +ve. Therefore the reaction is spontaneous 1 - spontaneous 2 - equilibrium 3 - non-spontaneous

(b)

Process 2 is in equilibrium Q Stotal = 0

13

C.O. Qn. (2)

: 21

Second law of thermodynamics deals with the spontancity of a process. (a) b) State the II law of thermodynamics. Iron is extracted from the ore Fe2O3. Fe2 O3 (s) 2Fe(s) + 3 2 O2 Using the data given below suggest whether the decomposition of Fe2 3 is feasible or not. Substantiate. Ho = 824 kJ/mol So = 0.276 kJ/k/mol, T = 298 K [3 score; 6 minutes] a) b) sXtam-ssU-\m-an-Ivknse cmw \nbaw {]kvXm-hn-p-I. Fe2O3 Abn-cn\n-mWv Fe thXn-cn-p--Xv. Fe2 O3 (s) 2Fe(s) + 3 2 O2

Ho = 824 kJ/mol So = 0.276 kJ/k/mol, T = 298 K Scoring Key


Scoring Indicators

ar
1 2

ks

Xmsg-X-n-cn-p Um D]-tbm-Knv Fe2 3 bpsS hnL-S\w km[y-amtWm Fv \ntin-p-I. [3 kvtIm; 6 an\nv]


Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

(a) (b)

Statement

Non spontaneous beacuse G is +ve. For feasible process G must be ve.

.1

00

.in

14

Chapter : 5. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY C.O. Qn. (1) A diagram of standard hydrogen electrode (S.H.E) is given below. : 27

a) What is the concentration of H+ ions ? H2 Pt b) What could be the pressure of H2 gas ? c) What is the potential of the electrode in volts ? d) What will be reactions when S.H.E act as cathode and anode.

mtUUv ssl{U-P Ce-Ivt{Sm-Uns Nn{Xw Xmsg sImSp-n-cn-p-p.

H2 Pt

.1

H+

00

a) ssl{U-P Atbm-Wns KmVX Fv? b) IS-n-hn-Sp ssl{U-P Kymkns aw Fv? a) Cu Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wns s]mjy F{X? d) mtUv ssl{U-P Ce-Ivt{Sm-Uns ImtYmUmbpw Bt\m-Umbpw D {]h\w Fgp-Xp-I. [3 kvtIm; 6 an\nv]
Stage Score
1 1 2 2

Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators

ar
Total Time Score (Minutes)

(a) (b) (c) (d)

1M 1 bar zero As cathode : 2H+ + 2e H2


(Reduction)

As anode: H2 2H+ +2e


(Oxidation)

ks

.in
2

H+

[4 score; 4 minutes]

15

C.O. Qn. (2)

: 27

The standard reduction potential value of few electrodes are given below. Cu2+ + 2e Cu(s) Ag+ + 1e Ag(s) Al 3+ + 3e Al(s) a) b) c) Eored = 0.34 V Eored = 0.8 V Eored = -1.66 4 V

Represent any 2 cells that can be formed from the above electrodes. Predict the cathode and anode in each case. Predict the e.m.f. of the cells constructed. [5 score; 4 minutes]

Nne Ce-Ivt{Sm-Up-I-fpsS mtUv dnU-Ivj s]mjy Xn-cn-p-p. Cu2+ + 2e Cu(s) Ag+ + 1e Ag(s) Al 3+ + 3e Al(s) a) b) c) Eored = 0.34 V Eored = 0.8 V Eored = -1.66 4 V

Xn-cn-p CeIvt{SmUn \nv cv skp-I cq]-s-Sp-p-I. \nt-in Hmtcm skn-sebpw tImtYmUpw Bt\mUpw GsXv Fgp-Xp-I. Cu skp-I-fpsS e.m.f. IW-m-p-I.

ar

ks

Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators

00

.in
[5 kvtIm; 6 an\nv]
Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

(b)

i) Cathode Ag; Anode Cu ii) Cathode Ag; Anode Al iii) Cathode Cu; Anode Al (any 2) 2

(c)

0 0 EMF = Ec E A

i) EoAg EoCu = 0.46 V ii) EoAg EoAl = 2.46 V iii) EoCu EoAl = 2 V 2

iii) Al | Al 3+ || Cu2+ | Cu (any 2)

ii) Al | Al 3+ || Ag+ | Ag

(a)

i) Cu | Cu2+ || Ag+ | Ag

.1

16

C.O. Qn. (3)

: 27

Eored values of Zn and Cu are given below. Eored Zn = 0.76V Eored Cn = +0.34V Is it possible to store CuSO4 solution in zinc pot. Substantiate. [2 score; 5 minutes] knn-sbpw tIm-dn-sbpw Eored s]mjy Xn-cn-p-p. Eored Zn = 0.76V Eored Cn = +0.34V tImkt^v emb\n knv]m-{X-n kqn-p-Xv kpc-n-X-amtWm? km[q-I-cn-p-I. [2 kvtIm; 5 an\nv] Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators

.in ar ks
2

Stage Score

Total Time Score (Minutes)

No a metal with lower reduction potential can displace other metals with higher reduction potential from their salt solutions. C.O. Qn. (3) a) b) : 30

Galvalisation is one of the methods for prevention of corrsion. A galvanised iron pipe doesnot corrode even if zinc coating is broken. Comment. ""Ccp-ns Xpcp-n--ens\ kzm[o-\n-p LS-I--sf-''p-dn-p At\z-j-Wm-I t{]mP-IvSv, mc-am-[yaw Xpcp-n-en-s\ XS-bp--Xmbn dntmv sNp-p. CXv hni-Ie\w sNp-I. teml-\m-is XS-bp--Xn-\p amK-amWv Kmh-ss\-tk-j. Kmhss\kv sNbvX Ccpv ss]ns knv tImnwKv s]mSn-mepw AXv Xpcpv ]nSn-p-n-. CXn\v \nfpsS hniZoIcWw \IpI. [4 kvtIm; 6 an\nv]

.1

A project on the investigtion of factors affecting rusting of iron, reveals that alkaline condition inhibits rusting of iron. Analyse.

00

m w w
[4 score; 4 minutes]
Stage Score

a)

b)

Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators Total Time Score (Minutes)

a) In rusting of iron, overall reaction is


2+ 2Fe(s) + O2(g) + 4H+(aq) 2 Feaq + 2H2O(l) .

Alkalinity prevents the availability of H+ ion.

17

b) Zinc is more electropositive than iron. So zinc acts as anode and exposed iron acts as cathode. If zinc coating is broken, zinc undergoes corrosion (sacrificial protection). No attack occurs on iron till all the zinc is corroded. C.O. Qn. (5) : 25, 26

Molar conductance at infinite dilution of weak electrolyte cannot be determined by graphical method. But

of CH 3OOH can be calculated by knowing

of strong electrolytes like

CH3COONa, HCl and NaCl. a) b) c) Write any three strong electrolytes which helps to findout m of NH4OH.

Which law helps to findout the

By applying this law, give the method for calculating suggested by you.

ks 00

Xo{hX Ipd Hcp Ce-Ivs{Sm-sse-ns C^n-\nv ssUeyq-j-\n-ep tamfm I-IvSkv HCl, NaCl Fnh-bpsS s a) hne D]-tbm-Knv Xo{hX Ipd Ce-Ivs{Sm-ssev Bb CH3OOH

\nW-bn-m-hp--XmWv

{Km^v D]-tbm-Knv \nW-bn-p-I. km[y-a. Xo{hX IqSnb Ce-Ivs{Sm-sse-p-Ifmb CH3COONa, -

NH4OH F Xo{hX Ipd Ce-Ivs{Sm-sse-ns

.1

ar

b) c)

CXn\v klm-bn-p \nbaw GXv?

p 3 Xo{hX IqSnb Ce-Ivs{Sm-sse-p-I \nt-in-p-I.-

\nt-in--s Ce-Ivs{Sm-sse-p-I D]-tbm-Knv NH4OHg s m-sav hy-am-p-I.

.in

1 1 2 2

of NH4OH ?

of NH4OHg from the electrolytes [4 score; 4 minutes]

Ip-]n-Sn-p--Xn\v klm-bn-

Fs\ Ip-]n-Sn-

[4 kvtIm; 4 an\nv] Scoring Key


Scoring Indicators Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

a) NH4Cl, NaOH, NaCl (or any three) b) Kohlrauschs Law c)

m (NH4OH)

m (NH4Cl)

m (NaOH)

m (NaCl)

18

Chapter : 6. CHEMICAL KNIETICS C.O. Qn. (1) A concentran-time graph is given below. : 31

concentration of reactant.

(a)

Represent the average rate in the time interval (t2 t1).

(b) How will you determine the instantaneous rate from the graph at time t? c1 (c) How do you establish whether the reaction is first order of second order from the rate-concentration data.

c2 t1 t t2 time

A`n-Im-c--fpsS KmV-Xbpw ka-bhpw Xn-ep {Km^v Xn-cn-p-p.

A`n-Im-c--fpsS KmV-X

(a)

c2 t t2 t1 ka-bw [3 kvtIm; 5 an\nv]

Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

a) Average rate =

c1

[ c2 c1 ]

[t2 t1 ]

.1

(b) apI-fn ImWn {Km^v D]tbm-Knv t ka-b-n-ep Ck-t-\n-bkv tXmXv Fs\ Ip-]n-Sn-mw. tdv tImkt{S-j Um D]-tbm-Knv Hcp cmk{]-h\w ^v HmU BtWm sk v HmUcv BtWm Fv Fs\ m]n-mw.

(c)

00

(t2 t1) F ka-b-n-ep icm-icn\ncv ImWp-I.

m
1

19

ar

ks

.in

[3 score; 5 minutes]

b)
concentration of reactant.

time Instantaneous rate = slope of the tangent of curve. c) If r [concentration] it is first order.

Qn. (2) a) b) c) Give the rate law of this reaction.

Plot concentration-time graph for this reaction.

00

Plot rate-concentration graph for this reaction.

m
[3 score; 3 minutes] [3 kvtIm; 3 an\nv]
Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

temtlm-]-cn-X-e-n Atam-Wnb hnL-Sn-p-Xv Hcp kotdm HmU {]h-\-am-Wv. b) c) Cu {]h-\-ns KmVXbpw kabhpw Xnep {Km^v hcbvpI. Cu {]-\-ns \ncpw KmVXbpw Xnep {Km^v hcbvpI

Scoring Key

Scoring Indicators

k1 [ NH 3 ] a) r = k [NH3]o or r = 1 + k NH 2[ 3]

a)

Cu {]h-\-ns tdv--tem Fgp-Xp-I.

.1

ar

Decom position of ammonia on metal surface is a zero order reaction.

ks

C.O.

: 32

b)
concentration

time

20

.in
1 1

If r [concentration]2 it is second order.

c)

time

concentration

C.O. Qn. (3)

: 33

tdUntbm BIvSnhv PoW\w Hcp ^v HmU {]h-\-am-Wv. 14C s Am-bpv 5730 hj-am-Wv. ]pcm-h-kvXp-hmbn e`n Hcp ac-ns BIvSn-hnn (14C) ]-a-c-ns (fresh sample 14C) 80% BWv. ]pcm-h-kvXp-km-n-fns {]mbw IW-m-p-I.

ar

ks

Scoring Key
Scoring Indicators

00

.in
1 1 1

Radioactive disitnegration is a first order reaction. The half life for radioactive decay of 14C is 5730 years. An archeological artifact contained wood that had only 80% of 14C found in living tree. Estimate the age of sample. [3 score; 3 minutes]

[3 kvtIm; 3 an\nv]
Stage Score Total Time Score (Minutes)

k =

w
t = =

2.303 100 log (answer with unit) k 80

0.693 5730

[Ao ] 2.303 log A [ ] k

w
21

.1