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Design of Conical Shaped tank Self wt conc fck fy Capacity V Height (H) Wind Pressure SBC Depth of fndn

Permissible Stresses ct cc st m cb

24 25 415 350000 20 1.5 200 1.5

1.3 cl 3.3.1 Table 1 IS 3370-2009 part II 5 cl 4.5.2.2 Table 2 IS 3370-2009 part II 150 cl 3.4.2 Table 2 IS 3370-1965 part II 10.9803922 8.5

Dimension of tank Top conical Dome 2m x 2.5 m dia of shaft 0.5 m r 1m H = (R-x) R - 2.5 h = (H - r) R - 2.5 - r h R - 3.5 If V = volume of the tank V = (V1 -V2 - V3 - V4) V1 1.05* R^3 V2 16.36 V3 1.05*(3R - 1) V4 0.79 *( R - 3.5 ) 1.05* R^3 - 16.36 - 1.05*(3R - 1) - 0.79 *( R - 3.5 ) Solve, R = 7.2 Value of R is Perfect Final R including free board is 7.5 m V 399 m3 3370 - 1965 Design of top Conical dome Central rise t self wt of slab LL Total

2 75 15 100 2.4 0.6 3

KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2

T1 N Meridional stress Hoop Stress

45 83.57 0.45 0.8357

< fcc < fct

SAFE SAFE

As stresses are within permissible limits nomial r/f is provided pt 0.003 Ast 300 mm2 db 8 mm A(db) 50 mm2 spacing 165 mm Provide 8 mm bars at 165 mm c/c

Design of Top Ring Beam Hoop Tension 313 Ast 2086.66667 db 20 A(db) 314 Nos 7 Provide 7 bars of 20 mm dia Ast 2198 Ac 222210 beam width 400 beam depth 560 Provide beam of size 400 x 560 Provide 8mm stirrups @ 200 mm c/c

mm mm2

mm2 mm2

Design of Conical Shell Thickness (avg) top bottom slope of wall r2 r3 h3 Self wt of slab Length (Lc)

250 200 300 45 7.5 2.5 5 6 7.07

mm mm mm m m m KN/m2 m

Weight of Conical wall : Weight of water over the conical wall : Self wt of top dome Self wt of top ring beam Total vertical load Meridional Thrust Assuming thickness of shell at base = Meridional stress

1333 KN 2945.243 KN 548.5221 238.8133 5065.579 400.0677 300 1.333559 SAFE

Hoop Tension in Conical Shell Hoop tension Ft = (p.Cosec + q.cot)D/2 Intensity of water (p) 10 Hoop tension at bottom h 5 D 5 45 p 50 q 7.2 Ft 194.776695 thickness D q Intensity of water (p) Hoop tension at h D p q Ft thickness D q Intensity of water (p) Hoop tension at h D p q Ft 280 7 280 10 1 m above base 4 7 45 40 6.72 221.509899 260 9 260 10 2 m above base 3 9 45 30 6.24 218.998831

thickness 280 Max Hoop Tension = 221.509899 Ht of Max hoop Tension 1 Ast 1476.73266 db 12 Ast(db) 113.097336 No of bars 14 Spacing 75 Provide 12 mm bars @ 75 mm c/c on both the faces

Design of bottom Dome Dia

5m

Rise Thickness Raidus of Dome Self wt of Dome Int dia of shaft Ext dia shaft thickness Wt of Water Wt of vertical shaft Wt on Dome Load / unit area ACos(0.69) Meridional Thrust Meridional Stress Circumferential Force wR[cos - (1/(1+cos)] CF Hoop Stress

1 150 3.625 82 800 1000 100 848.230016 27.1433605

m mm m KN mm mm mm

957.373377 48.7586257 46.397181 104.607154 0.69738102 SAFE

17.2894106 0.11526274

Provide nominal r/f 0.3 Ast 450 db 8 A(db) 50.2654825 Spacing 110 Provide 8 mm bar at 110 mm c/c

Design of Bottom Ring Beam Horizontal components Thrust from conical shell 282.8906 Thrust from bottom dome 72.14286 Net compressive force 210.7477 Hoop Compression 526.8692 Assume the size of beam b 450 d 600 Hoop stress 1.95136757 < cc

KN KN KN

SAFE

Design Hereafter does not change. While designing cylindrical shaft, the check for pres as per the respective IS codes

Permissible Stresses ct cc st m cb

1.3 cl 4.5.1 ( c ) Table 1 IS 3370-2009 6 cl 4.5.2.2 Table 2 IS 3370-2009 part II 130 cl 4.5.3.2 Table 4 IS 3370-2009 part II 10.98039 8.5

3370 - 2009 Design of top Conical dome Central rise t self wt of slab LL Total

2 75 15 100 2.4 0.6 3

KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m2

T1 N Meridional stress Hoop Stress

45 83.57 0.45 0.8357

< fcc < fct

SAFE SAFE

As stresses are within permissible limits nomial r/f is provided pt 0.003 Ast 300 mm2 db 8 mm A(db) 50 mm2 spacing 165 mm Provide 8 mm bars at 165 mm c/c

Design of Top Ring Beam Hoop Tension 313 Ast 2407.692 db 20 A(db) 314 Nos 8 Provide 8 bars of 20 mm dia Ast 2512 Ac 219560 beam width 400 depth (d) 550 Check for Fct Fct 1.277182

mm mm2

mm2 mm2 mm mm < fct SAFE

Design of Conical Shell Thickness (avg) top bottom slope of wall r2 r3 h3 Self wt of slab Length (Lc)

125 100 150 45 7.5 2.5 5 3 7.07

mm mm mm m m m KN/m2 m

Weight of Conical wall : Weight of water over the conical wall : Self wt of top dome Self wt of top ring beam Total vertical load Meridional Thrust Assuming thickness of shell at base = Meridional stress

666 KN 2945.243 KN 548.5221 234.5488 4394.314 347.0528 150 2.313685 SAFE

Hoop Tension in Conical Shell Hoop tension Ft = (p.Cosec + q.cot)D/2 Intensity of water (p) 10 Hoop tension at bottom h 5 D 5 45 p 50 q 3.6 Ft 185.7767 thickness D q Intensity of water (p) Hoop tension at h D p q Ft thickness D q Intensity of water (p) Hoop tension at h D p q Ft thickness Max Hoop Tension = 140 7 140 10 1 m above base 4 7 45 40 3.36 209.7499 130 9 130 10 2 m above base 3 9 45 30 3.12 204.9588 140 209.7499

Ht of Max hoop Tension 1 Ast 1613.461 db 12 Ast(db) 113.0973 No of bars 15 Spacing 70 Provide 12 mm bars @ 70 mm c/c on both the faces Min Thickness reqd. 130 Safe

Design of bottom Dome Dia

5m

Rise Thickness Raidus of Dome Self wt of Dome Int dia of shaft Ext dia shaft thickness Wt of Water Wt of vertical shaft Wt on Dome Load / unit area ACos(0.69) Meridional Thrust Meridional Stress Circumferential Force wR[cos - (1/(1+cos)] CF Hoop Stress

1 150 3.625 82 800 1000 100 848.23 27.14336

m mm m KN mm mm mm

957.3734 48.75863 46.39718 104.6072 0.697381 SAFE

17.28941 0.115263

Provide nominal r/f 0.35 Ast 455 db 8 A(db) 50.26548 Spacing 110 Provide 8 mm bar at 110 mm c/c

Design of Bottom Ring Beam Horizontal component Thrust from conical shell 245.4034 Thrust from bottom dome 72.14286 Net compressive force 173.2605 Hoop Compression 433.1512 Assume the size of beam b 350 d 500 Hoop Stress 2.47515 < cc

KN KN KN

SAFE

ylindrical shaft, the check for presmissble stress in conc is to be given the respective IS codes

Fck 25 Fy 415 Capacity (V) 350 Depth of water (H) 5 dia of bars (db) 20 Cover ( c ) 40 Design Constants cbc 7 m st k j R bd
fct/fb fct

MPa MPa m^3 m mm mm MPa

0.00 115 MPa 0.00 1 0 0.8 Mpa


0.6666667 1.15 Mpa

Calculation of k & j k = (m x cbc ) / (m*cbc + st) j = 1 - k/3 R = 0.5*(cbc *j*k)

0.00 1 0