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BRITISH STANDARD

BS EN 196-7:1992

Methods of testing cement


Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement

The European Standard EN 196-7:1989 has the status of a British Standard


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BS EN 196-7:1992

Cooperating organizations
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN), under whose supervision this European Standard was prepared, comprises the national standards organizations of the following countries. Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom
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Oesterreichisches Normungsinstitut Institut belge de normalisation Dansk Standardiseringsraad Suomen Standardisoimisliito, r.y. Association franaise de normalisation Deutsches Institut fr Normung e.V. Hellenic Organization for Standardization Technological Institute of Iceland National Standards Authority of Ireland Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione Inspection du Travail et des Mines Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut Norges Standardiseringsforbund Instituto Portugus da Qualidade Asociacin Espaola de Normalizacin y Certificacin Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige Association suisse de normalisation British Standards Institution

This British Standard, having been prepared under the direction of the Technical Sector Board for Building and Civil Engineering, was published under the authority of the Standards Board and comes into effect on 15 June 1992 BSI 12-998 The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard: Committee reference B/516 Draft for comment 87/10352 DC ISBN 0 580 20679 3

Amendments issued since publication Amd. No. Date Comments

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BS EN 196-7:1992
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Contents
Cooperating organizations National foreword Brief history Foreword Text of EN 196-7 National annex NA (informative) BS EN 196-7 sampling report National annex NB (informative) Sampling for acceptance inspection at delivery National annex NC (informative) Committees responsible National annex ND (informative) Cross-references Page Inside front cover ii 2 2 3 15 16 16 17

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BS EN 196-7:1992

National foreword
This British Standard has been prepared under the direction of the Technical Sector Board for Building and Civil Engineering. It is the English language version of EN 196-7:1989 Methods of testing cement; Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement, published by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). EN 196-7 was drawn up by Technical Committee 51, Cement and building limes, as Part 7 of a series on testing cement which was accepted by CEN on 3 October 1989. The UK gave a positive vote at the final voting stage and, thus, the European test procedure has been introduced into the 1991 revisions of British Standards for cement BS 12, BS 146, BS 4027, BS 4246, BS 6588 and BS 6610. This British Standard supersedes BS 4550-1 which is withdrawn. The European Standard includes important definitions relating to the various types of samples associated with the assessment of the quality of cements and provides details of how these samples are required to be taken. The European Standard also covers the preparation and storage of laboratory samples for subsequent testing. Representative samples for the various tests which may be required are obtained by means of a sample divider or by quartering. A suitable form for the sampling report specified in clause 10 is given in national annex NA. Since the draft European Prestandard for cement, ENV 197-1, does not deal with acceptance inspection at delivery, EN 196-7 does not specify the relationship between sample size/type and the size of the lot sampled. In consequence national annex NB retains the UK conditions relating to acceptance inspection. National annex NC gives the committees responsible for the UK participation in the preparation of this standard. National annex ND gives details of corresponding British Standards for international standards referred to in the European Standard. A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations.

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Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii, the EN title page, pages 2 to 16, an inside back cover and a back cover. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover. ii
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EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


UDC 666.94:691.54:620.11 Descriptors: Cements, tests, sampling, samples, packing

EN 196-7
December 1989

English version

Methods of testing cement; Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement

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Mthodes dessais des ciments; Mthodes de prlvement et dchantillonnage du ciment

Prfverfahren fr Zement; Verfahren fr die Probenahme und Probenauswahl von Zement

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1989-06-16. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

CEN
European Committee for Standardization Comit Europen de Normalisation Europisches Komitee fr Normung Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels CEN 1989 Copyright reserved to all CEN members Ref. No. EN 196-7:1989 E

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EN 196-7:1989

Brief history
This European Standard was drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 51 Cement the Secretariat of which is held by IBN. In accordance with the Common CEN/CENELEC Rules, the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Contents
Page Brief history 2 Foreword2 1 Object and field of application 3 2 References 3 3 Definitions 3 4 General 4 5 Sampling equipment 4 6 Procedures for taking samples and precautions to be taken depending on the procedures adopted 5 7 Frequency at which samples are taken and choice of sample type 5 8 Size and preparation of samples 5 9 Packaging and storage 7 10 Sampling report 7 Annex A Typical examples of sampling equipment normally used 9 Figure 1 Make up of laboratory samples 8 Figure 2 Sampling tube 9 Figure 3 Typical ladle 10 Figure 4 Typical mechanical screw sampler (overall length approximately 200 cm) 11 Figure 5 Typical permanently installed mechanical screw sampler 12 Figure 6 Sampling equipment 13

Foreword
The standard EN 196 on methods of testing cement consists of the following Parts: Part 1: Determination of strength; Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement; Part 3: Determination of setting time and soundness; Part 4: Quantitative determination of constituents; Part 5: Pozzolanicity test for pozzolanic cements; Part 6: Determination of fineness; Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement; Part 21: Determination of the chloride, carbon dioxide and alkali content of cement.

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EN 196-7:1989

1 Object and field of application


This European Standard describes only the equipment to be used, the methods to be followed and the provisions to be complied with for taking samples of cement representative of given lots for testing to assess the quality of products prior to, during or after delivery. The provisions of this standard are only applicable when samples of cement are requested for verifying the compliance of either: a) current production of a cement at any time with a standard (for example to meet the needs of the manufacturers auto-control or again in response to the requirements of a certification procedure); or b) a delivery or a lot with a standard, the provisions of a contract or the specification in an order. The standard is applicable to the taking of samples of all types of cements1) defined by EN 1972) whether they are: a) contained in silos; b) contained in bags, canisters, drums or any other packages; c) transported in bulk in road vehicles, railway wagons, ships, etc.

3 Definitions
For the purpose of this European Standard, the following definitions apply. 3.1 order quantity of cement covered by a single requisition placed with the same manufacturer (or distribution depot). It may consist of one or more consignments spread over a period of time 3.2 consignment quantity of cement delivered at a given time by a manufacturer (or distribution depot). It may consist of one or more lots 3.3 lot quantity of cement produced under conditions presumed uniform. After specified tests (mainly by EN 1972) this quantity is regarded as a whole complying or not complying with standards or contract requirements 3.4 increment quantity of cement taken in a single operation of the sampling equipment used 3.5 sample (general term) quantity of cement taken at random, or in accordance with a sampling plan, from a larger quantity (silo, stock of bags, wagons, trucks, etc.) or from a fixed lot, relating to the intended tests. A sample may consist of one or more increments 3.6 spot sample sample taken at the same time and from one and the same place, relating to the intended tests. It can be obtained by combining one or more immediately consecutive increments 3.7 composite sample homogeneous mixture of spot samples taken: a) at different points or b) at different times from a larger mass of the same cement, obtained by thoroughly mixing the combined spot samples and, if necessary, reducing the size of the resulting mixture

2 References
EN 196-1:1987, Methods of testing cement Determination of strength. EN 196-2:1987, Methods of testing cement Chemical analysis of cement. EN 196-3:1987, Methods of testing cement Determination of setting time and soundness. ENV 196-4, Methods of testing cement Quantitative determination of constituents. EN 196-5:1987, Methods of testing cement Pozzolanicity test for pozzolanic cements. EN 196-6:1989, Methods of testing cement Determination of fineness. EN 196-21:1989, Methods of testing cement Determination of the chloride, carbon dioxide and alkali content of cement. EN 1972), Cement Composition, specifications and conformity criteria.

1) 2)

The requirements of this standard can also, by agreement between the parties, be followed for acceptance inspections for all non-standardized hydraulic binders. At present at the draft stage.

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EN 196-7:1989

3.8 laboratory sample sample prepared by thoroughly mixing and if necessary reducing from a larger sample (spot or composite sample) and intended for use by the laboratories undertaking the tests. These laboratories are generally those of the producer, those designated in the order or in the certification regulations 3.9 sample for retest sample which is to be kept for possible subsequent tests in the event of the results from tests carried out on the laboratory samples being in doubt or disputed. The sample for retest is generally the remainder of a laboratory sample after a first series of tests 3.10 retained sample sample taken systematically from regular deliveries (for example for large works), if necessary in the presence of all the parties concerned, to be retained for possible testing in the event of doubt or dispute or subsequent problems
NOTE Definitions 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 and 3.10 only have meaning in the case of checks made when taking delivery of a supply.

The sample is normally taken before or during delivery. However, if necessary, it may be taken after delivery but with a maximum delay of 24 h. In this latter case the results of the checks shall be interpreted with care. Indeed, for various reasons, the cement to be tested may no longer be representative of the product at the actual moment of its delivery. For this reason the time of sampling shall be carefully recorded in the sampling report (see clause 10). When samples are taken after delivery, the requirements in the first paragraph above remain applicable.

5 Sampling equipment
On account of the diversity of industrial installations and circumstances in which the samples have to be taken, it is not possible to describe one type of reference equipment with which other types of equipment can be compared through a series of tests before being able to be used. Hence, this standard only gives, by way of example in annex A, a simplified illustration of the devices normally used and which have been found satisfactory. This equipment is either portable (ladle, tube, screw sampler, etc.) or permanently installed (screw extractor or other equipment fixed permanently onto the container). The equipment shall be chosen and used in accordance with the following rules. The equipment shall be a) approved by all the parties; b) of non-corrodible material, which is not liable to react with the cement; c) maintained always in working order and in a clean state. Care shall be taken to ensure that it is carefully cleaned after each sampling operation3). Care shall also be taken to ensure that it is not contaminated by lubricants from other equipment used. Permanent equipment shall be installed at locations where there are no hard deposits and where the flow of cement is homogeneous (no segregation) at the time it is being used. In particular, when it is used it shall not be operated during fluidization under air pressure. If fluidization is necessary, no samples shall be taken until the cement has settled for at least half a minute after stopping the air supply.

4 General
4.1 The aim of the sampling operations is to obtain from a large quantity of cement (contained in a silo, a stock of bags in a warehouse, truck, etc., or in a defined lot) one or more smaller quantities, considered by the parties concerned to represent the quantity of cement of which the quality is to be assessed. 4.2 The equipment used, methods followed, and precautions taken may vary according to the nature of the installation and the circumstances in which the samples are taken. 4.3 In the case of the checks carried out within the context of a certification procedure the measures other than those described below to ensure that the samples are representative are within the jurisdiction of the certification body (see clause 7). 4.4 In the case of taking delivery of a supply, the sampling operations shall, in principle, take place in the presence of the manufacturer (or vendor) and the customer (or purchaser) or their respective representatives. The absence of one of them shall not, however, be a barrier to the operations but if this occurs it shall be mentioned in the sampling report (see clause 10).
3)

However, cleaning is not necessary between the taking of successive increments from the same cement which are intended for making up the sample.
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EN 196-7:1989

6 Procedures for taking samples and precautions to be taken depending on the procedures adopted
6.1 General The most suitable equipment for the circumstances shall be used to take a sample, observing the following precautions as appropriate. 6.2 Sampling from bags, drums and containers of comparable size When the cement is packed in bags, drums or other small containers, the sample indicated in the second paragraph of 8.1 shall comprise either a single bag or a single container chosen at random from a sufficiently large stock. 6.3 Sampling from large containers Samples shall be taken while the container is being filled or emptied taking the precautions: a) not to operate in dusty or polluting atmospheres; b) to take the number of samples necessary to obtain the quantity prescribed in the second paragraph of 8.1; c) to transfer the collected cement into a clean, dry and airtight container before proceeding with the operations described in clause 8. 6.4 Sampling from bulk transport (after loading or before unloading)4) For all equipment used, care shall be taken not to take material from the top or bottom layers of the mass of cement. The thickness of the layer to be considered is at least 15 cm. Take the same precautions as those described in 6.3a), b) and c). 6.5 Sampling while loading into bulk transport or silos Taking samples may be carried out only if suitable equipment is available and if there is access to a homogeneous phase of cement. Take the same precautions as those described in 6.3a), b) and c).

6.6 Sampling from silos In the absence of a suitable fixed sampling device (see the last paragraph of clause 5) an appropriate quantity of cement shall be discarded when discharge commences to remove the hard deposits or unwanted mixtures of different cements in the distribution system. This quantity is left to be determined by the manufacturers representative present at the sampling operation. The necessary quantity prescribed in the second paragraph of 8.1 shall then be collected in a clean and dry container. 6.7 Sampling from bag filling machines The quantity taken shall comprise a bag of cement obtained during the normal operation of the machine. It can equally comprise the equivalent quantity (see the second paragraph of 8.1) sampled by a mechanical device fitted in the supply hopper directly above the discharge spouts. If the machine is used for packing different cements, it shall be completely purged of all the cement previously packed until the cement from which samples are to be taken arrives. Depending on the type of packing machine, the quantity so removed may be considerable. The manufacturers representative present at the sampling operation shall determine this quantity.

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7 Frequency at which samples are taken and choice of sample type


The frequency of taking samples and the type of sample (spot sample or composite sample) depends on the provisions contained: in the agreements between producer and customer; in the national, European (ENV 1975) for example) or even international standards; in the certification procedures.

8 Size and preparation of samples


8.1 Size of sample to be taken for verification of compliance Each laboratory sample (or sample for retest or retained sample) shall be of such a size that all the tests specified in the contract or required by standards indicated in the contract or the certification procedure can be carried out twice. Thus, unless specified to the contrary, the mass of these samples shall be at least 5 kg (or more, if necessary, to fill completely the container indicated in 9.2).

4) 5)

The equipment described in this standard (see annex A) does not allow for sample(s) to be taken during unloading. At present at the draft stage.

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EN 196-7:1989

8.2 Homogenization 8.2.1 General requirements As soon as the quantity of 40 kg to 50 kg indicated in the second paragraph of 8.1 has been collected, it shall be carefully homogenized (preferably in a laboratory) with clean dry implements not liable to react with the cement. The homogenization shall preferably be achieved using a mixing machine, the efficiency of which shall have been previously demonstrated (see 8.2.2). Whatever procedure is chosen, it shall be carried out as quickly as possible to minimize the exposure of the cement to the air. In the absence of a homogenizer, the following procedure is to be adopted: the quantity of cement to be distributed between the laboratories (see the second paragraph of 8.1) shall be tipped onto a clean dry cloth (or plastics sheet) and shall then be mixed carefully using a shovel. This procedure shall only be used if: a) the ambient relative humidity is less than 85 %; b) all risk of the sample being affected by wind, rain, snow or dust is avoided. 8.2.2 Verification of the efficiency of the homogenizing procedure selected Take approximately equal quantities of two cements of differing characteristics (i.e. Blaine fineness, by EN 196-6, and additionally colour). Mix these using one of the procedures described in 8.2.1 and note the time between starting and finishing the operation. Once the operation is judged to be complete, take fifteen micro-samples, each of 12 g to 20 g, from points equally distributed within the mass of which the homogeneity is to be verified6). Determine the Blaine fineness three times on each of these micro-samples.

8.2.3 Choice of method The verification of the efficiency of the homogenizing method (see 8.2.2) is only to be carried out at the time of choosing the method. This choice is left to the initiative of the manufacturer, but he shall be in a position to prove (for example to an expert representing a customer or the certification body) that he has carried out the trial described above by presenting a dossier drawn up on that occasion. 8.3 Division of the quantity necessary for verification of compliance After homogenization (see 8.2) of the sample made up as specified in the second paragraph of 8.1, it shall be divided into the required number of laboratory or retained samples either by using a sample divider or, after quartering the quantity to be distributed, by extracting with a hand scoop increments of approximately 0,5 kg from each of the quarters and transferring these successively into containers prepared for receiving the laboratory (or retained) samples. This operation shall be continued until the desired mass (stated in the first paragraph of 8.1) is obtained in each container. The sequence of distributing the contents of the hand scoop from which each laboratory sample is gradually made up shall be as follows.

6) To 7)

obtain initial information, the colour of these micro-samples can be compared if care has previously been taken to select two cements of distinctly different colour. For UK purposes, a suitable method can be found in Statistical methods in research and production eds O.L. Davies and P.L. Goldsmith, 1972, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh.

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The total quantity (spot sample or composite sample) to be taken for verifying compliance shall be greater than or at least equal to that required for supplying to all the laboratories concerned the samples indicated in the first paragraph above. This quantity shall be taken by the equipment specified in clause 5 and in accordance with the procedures stated in clause 6. In general taking a sample of 40 kg to 50 kg will suffice.

Homogenization shall be considered to be obtained if the analysis of variance shows there to be no significant differences between the 15 micro-samples. This analysis shall be carried out as described in the literature dealing with statistical control7). In the case of an unsatisfactory result, the mixing shall be repeated, but doubling the time of the mixing operation. If, after this second trial, there are no significant differences between the 15 micro-samples, the method with twice the homogenization time shall be considered valid, but, if no noticeable improvement has been obtained in relation to the first trial, the chosen method shall be declared unsuitable. Finally, if there is no decisive improvement, it shall be decided, in view of the time required, whether it is worth repeating the trial with a longer time.

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EN 196-7:1989

Distribute successively to each of the laboratory containers X, Y, Z, etc. first a scoopful from A, then a scoopful from B, then a scoopful from C, then a scoopful from D. This represents one distribution sequence; repeat the same sequence as many times as necessary to reach the quantity prescribed in the first paragraph of 8.1 (see Figure 1). Each laboratory (or retained) sample so prepared shall be packaged as stated in clause 9 and despatched with the minimum delay. It is then up to the receiving laboratory, to store, prepare and treat the sample in a manner appropriate to its subsequent use.8) 8.4 Foreign bodies in the sample During the above operations any foreign bodies which may appear shall, in all cases, be noted in the sampling report (clause 10). If they appear to be uniformly distributed in the cement (for example, a powder other than cement, lumps) it is not possible to remove them from the sample. Otherwise, they shall be removed and kept: a) by one of the two parties (manufacturer, customer) with the agreement of the other in the case of taking delivery of a supply; or b) by the agency responsible for inspection in the case of a sampling operation performed in the context of certification regulations.

To prevent aeration the containers shall as far as possible, be completely filled and their closure sealed with adhesive tape9). When made of plastics, containers or bags shall only be used under the following conditions: a) the period of storage shall be limited to 3 months; b) the sheet from which they are made shall be at least 100 m thick; c) the plastics material shall under no circumstances cause the cement to become air entraining whether by loss from this material or as a result of surface treatment. On this point, check for the absence of risk by carrying out appropriate tests where needed; d) provision shall also be made to seal them where necessary, by using suitable tape. 9.3 Storage condition The samples shall preferably be stored at a temperature of less than 30 C. 9.4 Identification of samples In order to identify the samples unambiguously, the containers (bags or drums) shall be clearly and indelibly marked in at least one place. When there is only one mark, this shall be on the body of the container and not on the lid. Furthermore, a copy of the sampling report described in clause 10 shall be slipped where necessary into a protective envelope placed inside the container. 9.5 Authentication of samples If necessary, when this is required by the contract of sale or certification regulations, the container shall bear an agreed seal authenticating the sample. This seal shall be fixed so as to prevent the unauthorized opening of the container.

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9 Packaging and storage


9.1 Principle The packaging of the samples and the method of storage shall always be such as to preserve the properties of the sampled cement. Any conditions likely to affect this shall be indicated. 9.2 Containers The samples shall be packed, despatched and stored in bags, drums, or solid containers. These shall be made of a material which is inert with respect to cement and non-corrodible. They shall be dry, impervious (to air and moisture) and clean. In this respect they shall not have been previously used for packaging products which are likely to affect the samples.

10 Sampling report
10.1 General A sampling report corresponding to each sample shall be drawn up by the person responsible for the operation. Copies shall be attached to the laboratory (or retained) samples prepared and distributed in accordance with the clauses of the contract or certification regulations.

8) 9)

At this point the work of the laboratory is usually specified in the test standards. (Principally EN 196-1 to EN 196-6 and EN 196-21.) It has to be remembered, however, that the packaging, however air-tight, cannot in the long term prevent a certain amount of aeration, the extent of which may vary depending on the properties of the product. BSI 12-1998

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EN 196-7:1989

Figure 1 Make up of laboratory samples 10.2 Information to be included 10.2.1 Obligatory information The report shall, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, include the following obligatory information. a) Name and address of the body responsible for the sampling. b) Name and address of the customer (in the case of taking delivery). c) Complete standard designation of the cement as specified in ENV 197210)11). d) Identity of the production works. e) Place, date and time of sampling. f) Type of sample (spot or composite comprising n spot samples), g) Identification mark on the sample container. h) Any comments, particularly: the presence of foreign bodies; the circumstances in which the operations took place which are likely to have an effect on the quality of the cement sampled, for example, transport conditions; all information allowing a more precise identification of the cement sampled to be made, for example, the silo number. 10.2.2 Optional information The report shall, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, include the following optional information. a) Definition of the lot, the approximate mass of the cement and the type of stock from which the sample has been taken. Example: 3 000 t in bags in a warehouse. b) The type of container used for the laboratory samples. 10.3 Authorization of the report The report and copies shall be signed by the representatives of the parties present at the sampling and/or any other responsible witness approved by the parties. 10.4 Despatch of the report Copies of the report shall be sent without delay to each of the parties concerned. In addition, one of them shall be enclosed in the container of each laboratory sample and each retained sample as stated in 9.4.

10) 11)

At present at the draft stage. In the possible case of non-standardized binders (see note 1 on page 3) the product should be given an unequivocal mark.

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EN 196-7:1989

Annex A (informative) Typical examples of sampling equipment normally used

Figure 2 Sampling tube

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EN 196-7:1989

Figure 3 Typical ladle

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Figure 4 Typical mechanical screw sampler (overall length approximately 200 cm)

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EN 196-7:1989

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Figure 5 Typical permanently installed mechanical screw sampler

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EN 196-7:1989

Figure 6 Sampling equipment

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BS EN 196-7:1992

National annex NA (informative) BS EN 196-7 sampling report


BS EN 196-7 sampling report No: Copy no:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Name and address of sampling agency Name and address of client Notation of cement Identity of production works Type of packaging: bulk size of silo or vessel bag size and type of bags marking on bags

6. 7. 8.

Approximate mass of cement sampled (size of lot) Place of sampling (to include silo designation if appropriate) Time and date of sampling Type of sample (delete as appropriate) If composite state number of spot samples included
(NOTE If a composite sample the components have not been homogenized.)

Spot

Composite

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Identification marks on sample container Presence of foreign bodies: Details of foreign bodies: Conditions under which samples were taken: Indoor Outdoor Temperature C Weather Packaging adopted for sample Approximate mass of sample Sampler Representative of: Name: Representative of: Name: Signature: Signature: Name printed: Signature: Yes None detected

15.

Samples sent to: Despatched by:

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BS EN 196-7:1992

National annex NB (informative) Sampling for acceptance inspection at delivery


NB.1 Introduction This annex describes the procedure for taking samples for acceptance inspection purposes. NB.2 General NB.2.1 The size of the lot is to be defined BEFORE sampling commences. NB.2.2 This annex covers sampling from: a) bags, drums or other packages each containing less than 2.0 t of cement; b) bulk containers holding from 2.0 t to 50 t of cement. NB.2.3 Sampling of larger lots of cement is outside the scope of this annex and should be agreed between vendor and purchaser. The sampling terminology, equipment and procedures should however, be as given in this standard. NB.3 Representation If sampling is to proceed in the absence of representative(s) from the vendor and/or the purchaser, then this should be agreed before the sampling is commenced and documented on the sampling report. Where representative(s) are present, their name and status should be noted on the sampling report. NB.4 Sampling method Any of the methods given in this standard may be adopted provided they are compatible with NB.7. The method used should be noted on the sampling report. NB.5 Type of sample Unless otherwise agreed and previously documented, the sample taken for acceptance testing should be of the spot type as defined in 3.6. NB.6 Size of sample Each spot sample should have a minimum mass of 10 kg and a maximum mass of 50 kg. The increments used to prepare this spot sample should be blended in the manner given in clause 8. NB.7 Sampling procedure NB.7.1 Packages (See item a) of NB.2.2.) Five equal increments from different parts of the lot are combined to form the spot sample which may represent, up to 50 t. NB.7.2 Bulk containers (See item b) of NB.2.2.) A sufficient number of increments from one part of the lot are combined to form the spot sample which is not to represent more than 50 t.

NB.8 Sampling report Only samples stored and identified in accordance with clause 9 and supplied with a completed sampling report (see clause 10 and national annex NA) can be considered to have been taken in compliance with this standard.

National annex NC (informative) Committees responsible


The United Kingdom participation in the preparation of this European Standard was entrusted by the Technical Sector Board for Building and Civil Engineering (B/-) to Technical Committee B/516, upon which the following bodies were represented: British Aggregate Construction Materials Industries British Cement Association British Precast Concrete Federation British Ready Mixed Concrete Association Cement Admixtures Association Cementitious Slag Makers Association Concrete Society County Surveyors Society Department of the Environment (Building Research Establishment) Department of the Environment (Property Services Agency) Department of Transport Federation of Civil Engineering Contractors Mortar Producers Association National Rivers Authority Quality Ash Association Society of Chemical Industry Water Services Association of England and Wales

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BS EN 196-7:1992 National annex ND (informative)


Cross-references
Publication referred to Corresponding British Standard

BS EN 196 Methods of testing cement EN 196-1:1987 EN 196-2:1987 EN 196-3:1987 EN 196-5:1987 EN 196-6:1989 EN 196-21:1989 Part 112) Determination of strength Part 212) Chemical analysis of cement Part 312) Determination of setting time and soundness Part 512) Pozzolanicity test for pozzolanic cements Part 6:1992 Determination of fineness Part 21:1992 Determination of the chloride, carbon dioxide and alkali content of cement

NOTE Since publication of EN 196-7, the draft of ENV 197 has been replaced by ENV 197-1 Cement: composition, specifications and conformity criteria, Part 1: Common cements which is in course of preparation.

12) In

preparation.

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