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This is meant to be used as reminders to aid students and a tool for parents as they help their children so that

we can avoid the thats not how Mr. ORoark taught me fights. This is not meant to completely teach the lesson and does not provide any hands on experience or many of the deeper understandings that the students receive in class. Lesson 4-1 Estimating with Decimals - Adding and subtracting round to the nearest whole number - Multiplying and dividing round to the closest numbers that you can do in your head. Answers will vary for this section. Lesson 4-2 Adding and Subtracting Decimals - Line up the decimal points and add zeros to the right of the numbers if necessary. - The decimal point comes straight down. - Every year I have 2-3 students who struggle with this lesson because they struggle with regrouping in subtraction especially across several zeros. Please get/provide extra help with regrouping if you need it. Lesson 4-3 Multiplying Decimals - The decimals do not need to be lined up. Just write the numbers naturally. Do not add any zeros! - Count the number of decimal places in the problem and then move the decimal point that many places over in your final answer. - Every year I have 2-3 students who struggle with this lesson because they struggle with adding zeros in their work as they multiply larger numbers. Please get/provide extra help with multiplication if you need it. Lesson 4-4 Dividing Decimals by Integers - Do you remember long division? I do re-teach it briefly but if you need more help please get it. - No more remainders! - It is important that you place the numbers to your solution above the correct number in the problem. - The decimal point comes straight up. - You can add zeros to the end of a decimal to finish a problem if you need to. - Ignore the negative numbers until the end and then decide on the sign of your final answer. Lesson 4-5 Dividing Decimals by Decimals - Multiply both numbers by the same power of 10 (or you can think of it as moving the decimal points the same number of places in each number) to make the divisor (the number you are dividing by) an integer. - Divide as in lesson 4-4 Lesson 4-6 Solving Equations with Decimals - This is exactly the same as solving equations that we did in chapters 2 and 3. - If you are good at 4-2 through 4-5 and you did well with equations earlier, this will be easy. If not Please get help. Test after 4-6! The 2nd of chapter 4 and the last of chapter 3 Fractions I do not follow the book for this section. In this guide I will go by topics and reference the section in the text. Have you mastered your multiplication facts? Do you know your divisibility rules? They will help you in this chapter.

Lesson 1 Changing fractions into decimals and decimals into fractions. - 2nd of ch. 3 - A fraction or rational number is a division problem, parts of a whole, and a place on the number line. For example means 3 divided by 4, 3 parts out of 4, and is way between and 1 on the number line. - Fraction to decimal divide the numerator by the denominator - Decimal to fraction say the decimal properly and then simplify. For example, .34 = thirty-four hundredths = 34/100 = 17/50 - Ordering fractions and decimals Change all the numbers into decimals, add zeros so that all of the numbers have the same number of numbers behind the decimal point, and compare. Remember that bigger negative numbers are smaller! Lesson 2 Simplifying fractions - Dividing the numerator and denominator by the same number does not change the fractions value. Knowing your multiplication facts and divisibility rules is key. Lesson 3-however many it takes Fraction operations I give handouts for this but it is also basically in the 2nd of chapter 4. Below are our steps to solve any fraction problem - Step 1 Change all mixed numbers into improper fractions o 2 becomes 2 times 4 plus 3 = 9/4 - Step 2 If the problem is addition or subtraction o Find the LCM of the denominators LCM of 4 and 6 is 12 o Rewrite each fraction as an equivalent fraction with the LCM as the denominator by multiplying the top and the bottom by the same number. This is like the reverse of simplifying. 9/4 + 5/6 becomes 27/12 + 10/12. o Add or subtract the numerators and leave the denominators alone 27/12 + 10/12 = 37/12 - Step 3 If it is division then flip the 2nd fraction (reciprocal) and then do step 4 = 4/3 - Step 4 - If it is multiplication, multiply straight across 4/3 = 4/6 o I prefer the students simplify before multiplying if possible by canceling out common factors, but the same answer is reached either way. 4/3 = 1/1 1/3 = 1/3 - Step 5 Simplify If possible by dividing the top (numerator) and bottom (denominator) by the same number. Lesson when we have finished learning the above - Solving equations with fractions - This is the same as solving equations in the previous sections. - The only process that can be tricky is when your variable is being multiplied by a fraction. You should then of course divide both sides of the equation by that fraction which means that you multiply both sides of the equation by the reciprocal on the same line not underneath so that you can see how everything cancels out.