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Gutai group

Gutai group
The Gutai group ( means "Embodiment") was an artistic movement and association of artists founded (according to most sources) by Jiro Yoshihara in Japan in 1954. According to the official website of Shozo Shimamoto, Shimamoto and Yoshihara founded Gutai together in 1954, and it was Shimamoto who suggested the name Gutai, which contrary to popular belief does not mean concrete but embodiment (according to this source) The kangi used to write 'gu' means tool, measures, and a way of doing something, while 'tai' means body.[1].

The Gutai Manifesto


Yoshihara wrote the manifesto for the Gutai group in 1956. The full text of the "Gutai Manifesto" is available in English at the website of Japan's Ashiya City Museum of Art & History [2]. Among its preoccupations, the manifesto expresses a fascination with the beauty that arises when things become damaged or decayed. The process of damage or destruction is celebrated as a way of revealing the inner "life" of a given material or object: "Yet what is interesting in this respect is the novel beauty to be found in works of art and architecture of the past which have changed their appearance due to the damage of time or destruction by disasters in the course of the centuries. This is described as the beauty of decay, but is it not perhaps that beauty which material assumes when it is freed from artificial make-up and reveals its original characteristics? The fact that the ruins receive us warmly and kindly after all, and that they attract us with their cracks and flaking surfaces, could this not really be a sign of the material taking revenge, having recaptured its original life?...." [3]

Influence
In addition to Yoshihara and Shimamoto, members of the Gutai group included Sadamasa Motonaga fr:Sadamasa Motonaga, Atsuko Tanaka, Takesada Matsutani, Akira Kanayama, and others. A formative influence on the later Fluxus movement, the group was also associated with certain European (particularly French) art world figures such as Georges Mathieu and Michel Tapi, and with tachisme ("art informel"). According to the Tate Gallery's online art glossary, Gutai artists also "created a series of striking works anticipating later Happenings and Performance and Conceptual art." [4] Gutai artists also created works that would now be called installations, inspiring the work of non-Japanese artists such as Allan Kaprow, Nam June Paik, Wolf Vostell, and Conrad Bo, and leading to the later Fluxus network. The Tate article records that "the group dissolved in 1972 following the death of Yoshihara."

Gutai at the Biennale di Venezia 2009

Gutai group

References
Franoise Bonnefoy; Sarah Clment; Isabelle Sauvage; Galerie nationale du jeu de paume (France). Gutai [5] (Paris : Galerie nationale du jeu de paume : Runion des muses nationaux, 1999) ISBN 2-908901-68-4, ISBN 978-2-908901-68-9 Alexandra Munroe; Yokohama Bijutsukan.; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Japanese art after 1945 : scream against the sky' [6]' [= /] (New York : H.N. Abrams, 1994) ISBN 0-8109-3512-0, ISBN 978-0-8109-3512-9 [contents include "Nam June Paik -- To challenge the mid-summer sun : the Gutai group"] Michel Tapi. L'aventure informelle [7] (according to Worldcat "Details" information: "Other Titles: Guta.") (Nishinomiya, Japan, S. Shimamoto, 1957) OCLC 1194658 Tiampo, Ming. Gutai and Informel Post-war art in Japan and France, 1945--1965. (Worldcat link: [8]) (Dissertation Abstracts International, 65-01A) ISBN 0-496-66047-0, ISBN 978-0-496-66047-6 Jir Yoshihara; Shz Shimamoto; Michel Tapi; Gutai Bijutsu Kykai. Gutai [9] [= ] ( , Nishinomiya-shi : Gutai Bijutsu Kykai, 1955-1965) [Japanese : Serial Publication : Periodical] OCLC 53194339 [Worldcat "Other titles" information: Gutai art exhibition, Aventure informelle, International art of a new era, U.S.A., Japan, Europe, International Sky Festival, Osaka, 1960] Mattijs Visser; Gutai. Mal communication; Making Worlds, Exhibition catalog 53rd International Art Exhibition, La Biennale di Venezia 2009; ISBN 978883179696 ZERO, Internationale Knstler Avantgarde, published by Museum Kunst Palast and Cantz, with essays by Jean-Hubert Martin, Valerie Hilling, Catherine Millet and Mattijs Visser, Dsseldorf/Ostfildern 2006 ISBN 3-9809060-4-3 Ming Tampo, Guest Curator, "Under Each Other's Spell": The Gutai and New York. Catalogue 2009 The Stony Brook Foundation, Inc. Tiampo, Ming. Gutai: Decentering Modernism [10]. (Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2010) ISBN 0-226-80165-9, ISBN 978-0-226-80165-0 "Gutai: Dipingere con il tempo e con lo spazio / Gutai: Painting with Time and Space", published by Museo Cantonale d'Arte, Lugano. (Cinisello Balsamo: Silvana Editoriale, 2010)

Gutai group

External links
The Gutai Archive [11] (Japanese) Material on Shimamoto [12] Fluxusgenova.org [13] historical essay on Fluxus, mentioning formative influence of "Gutaj" [sic] group UNESCO biographical information on Atsuko Tanaka [14]: "...Performances featuring different costumes were the main characteristic of her work with the Gutaj Group." Tate Gallery [4]: article on Gutai Website of the Ashiya City Museum of Art & History [15] Complete text of the Gutai Manifesto [3] (provided in English translation by the Ashiya City Museum website) ZERO foundation [16] ZERO group Venice Biennale [17]

References
[1] http:/ / modernartasia. com/ Mariko%20Aoyagi%20Gutai. pdf [2] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20070630202927/ http:/ / www. ashiya-web. or. jp/ museum/ 10us/ 103education/ nyumon_us/ manifest_us. htm [3] http:/ / www. ashiya-web. or. jp/ museum/ en/ 103education/ nyumon_us/ manifest_us. htm [4] http:/ / www. tate. org. uk/ collections/ glossary/ definition. jsp?entryId=130 [5] http:/ / www. worldcatlibraries. org/ oclc/ 41529841& referer=brief_results [6] http:/ / www. worldcatlibraries. org/ oclc/ 29877932?tab=details [7] http:/ / www. worldcatlibraries. org/ oclc/ 1194658?tab=details [8] http:/ / www. worldcatlibraries. org/ oclc/ 72471357& referer=brief_results [9] http:/ / www. worldcatlibraries. org/ oclc/ 53194339?tab=details [10] http:/ / www. worldcat. org/ title/ gutai-decentering-modernism/ oclc/ 587209581& referer=brief_results [11] http:/ / gutai. org [12] http:/ / perso. orange. fr/ articide. com/ gutai/ fr/ ss. htm [13] http:/ / www. fluxusgenova. org/ riconeng. html [14] http:/ / portal. unesco. org/ culture/ en/ ev. php-URL_ID=16289& URL_DO=DO_PRINTPAGE& URL_SECTION=201. html [15] http:/ / www. ashiya-web. or. jp/ museum/ en/ 101top/ f_top_us. html [16] http:/ / zerofoundation. de [17] http:/ / www. labiennale. org/ en/ Home. html

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Gutai group Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=535554750 Contributors: Anaartfan, Anders.Warga, Armando Navarro, Boffob, EnzoArts, Freshacconci, Jean-Luc Richard, MarylandArtLover, Mattijsmattijs, Modernist, Motzerl, Sabri76, Salmon1, Sandstein, Serwertje, Sigismondo, Trident13, Zaubermaus, 10 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


Image: Gutai Venice1.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice1.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice2.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice2.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice3.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice3.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice4.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice4.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice5.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice5.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice6.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice6.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice7.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice7.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje Image: Gutai Venice8.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Gutai_Venice8.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors: Serwertje

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