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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES

DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL


TRANFORMADA DE LAPLACE
I.
1. Demostrase que
( )
x
f t t = , es de orden exponencial cuando ; t R e

DEMOSTRACIN
Definicin:
La funcin F 0, R +

, es de orden exponencial si existen constantes c o ) y


o tal que
( )
, 0.
t
F t ce t
o
s >

2. La funcin
( )
x
f t t = , es de orden exponencial en 0, +

?
SOLUCIN
Definicin:
La funcin F 0, R +

, es de orden exponencial si existen constantes c o )



y
o tal que
( )
, 0.
t
F t ce t
o
s >

Rpta: No es de orden exponencial


3. Cules de las siguientes funciones son continuas por tramos en
|
0, + >
? Raznese la
respuesta.
a) ( )
1
1
t
f t
t
+
=


Rpta: No es continua por tramos
|
0, + >


b) ( )
2
2
2
t
f t
t t

=


Rpta: Es continua por tramos en
|
0, + >

c) ( )
1
t
f t e =

Rpta: No es continua por tramos en
|
0, + >

d)
( )
2
f t t =

Rpta: Es continua por tramos en
|
0, + >



4. Demostrar que para cualquier nmero real o ,
( )
( )
at
F t e f t = es continua por tramos
en
|
0, + >

, siempre que f lo sea.
DEMOSTRACIN



5. Demustrese que las funciones dadas son continuas por tramos y de orden exponencial
en
|
0, + >

.
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
DEMOSTRACIN
a)
( )
.cos
n
f t t kt =

Rpta: No es continua por tramos
|
0, + >


b)
( )
1 cos kt
f t
t

=

Rpta: Es continua por tramos en
|
0, + >

c)
( )
1
t
e
f t
t

=

Rpta: No es continua por tramos
|
0, + >

d)
( )
1 senkt
f t
t

=

Rpta: Es continua por tramos en
|
0, + >




6. Hallar la transformada de Laplace
( ) { }
L F t
si:
a)
( )
2
.cos f t t t =


SOLUCIN

( ) ( ) { }
{ } { }
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 3
2 2 4 3
2 2
1
( )
1 1
1
1 2 (1 ) 4 (1 )( 1) 2 6
( 1)
1 1
f s L F t
s d s s
L cost L t cost
s ds s
s
d s s s s s s s s
ds s
s s
=

= = =
+ +
+
| |
+ +
|
= =
|
+
+ +
\ .

Rpta:
( )
( )
3
3
2
2 6
1
s s
f s
s

=
+





b) ( )
2
. .cos
t
f t t e t =


SOLUCIN

Se sabe que el ejercicio anterior es ( )
2
.cos f t t t = y por propiedad:

{ }
( )
3
2
3
2
2( 1) 6( 1)
. .cos
( 1) 1
t
s s
L t e t
s

=
+


Rpta:
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
3
3
2
2 1 6 1
1 1
s s
f s
s

=
+

c) ( ) ( )
2
3
2 3
t
f t t e
+
=


SOLUCIN

( ) { } { } { }
( ) { }
/ 3 2 / 3 / 3 2 / 3
2 / 3 2 / 3 2 / 3
2 2 2
2 . 3
2. 3 (3 3 )
1 1 1
( ) ( )
3 3 3
t t
L F t L t e e L e e
e e e s
L F t
s s s
=

= =


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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:
( )
2 / 3
2
(3 3 )
1
( )
3
e s
f s
s




7. Demostrar que
{ }
( )
2
2
3
6 2
1
s
L t sent
s
| |

| =
|
+
\ .

DEMOSTRACIN
{ } ( ) { } ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )( )( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2
2 2 2
2
4 3 3
1 2
1
1 1
1
1
2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 8
6 2
1 1 1
s
d d d
L t sent L sent
ds ds ds s
s
s s s s s s
s
s s s
| |

| |
|
= = =
|
|
+
\ .
+
\ .
| |
| | | | + + + +

|
| | = = =
| | |
+ + +
\ . \ .
\ .

Por lo tanto,
( )
( )
2
3
6 2
1
s
f s
s
| |

| =
|
+
\ .
L.q.q.d.

8. Demostrar que
{ }
( )
( )( )
2
3
2 2
7
cos
9 1
s s
L t
s s
+
=
+ +

DEMOSTRACIN
Propiedad: 3
cos 3 3cos
cos
4
t t
t
+
=

{ } { }
( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )
( )( )
3
2 2
2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
cos 3 3cos 1 1 3
cos cos 3 3cos
4 4 4 9 1
1 3 9 7
4 28
4 4
9 1 9 1 9 1
t t s s
L t L L t t
s s
s s s s
s s s
s s s s s s
+ | |
= = + = +
`
|
+ +
) \ .
| | | |
+ + + +
+
| | = = =
| |
+ + + + + +
\ . \ .

Por lo tanto, ( )
( )
( )( )
2
2 2
7
9 1
s s
f s
s s
+
=
+ +
L.q.q.d


9. Halla
{ }
3
.cos L t t

SOLUCIN
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ }
{ } ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( )( )( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )
2
2
3 2 2 2
3 3 3
3
3 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2
3
3 3
4 3
2 2
3 2
2 2 2 3
6
2
cos
1
1 2
1
cos 1 1 1
1
1 1
2 1 2 1 2 1
2 6
1 1
1 1
6 6 1 3 1 2 2 6
1
1
s
L t
s
s s s
d s d d s
L t t
ds s ds ds
s s
s s s s s
d d s s
ds ds
s s
s s s s s s
s
=
+
| | | |
+
| |
| |
= = =
|
| |
+
\ .
+ +
\ . \ .
| | | |
+ +

| |
= =
| |
+ +
\ . \ .
| |
+ +
|
=

+
\ .
( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
2 2 3
4
2
4 4 2 4 2 4 2
4 4 4
2 2 2
6 6 1 3 2 2 6
1
1
6 6 12 36 6 36 6 6 36 6
1 1
1 1 1
s s s s s
s
s s s s s s s
s s s
| |
+
|
=
| |
+
\ .
| | | |
+ + +
| |
= = =
| |
+ + +
\ . \ .


Rpta: ( )
( )
4 2
4
2
6 36 6
1
s s
f s
s
+
=
+

10. Halla
2
.cos sen t t
L
t

`
)

SOLUCIN
( )
{ } { }
2
2 3 3
3
3
2 4 2
3 3
2 4 2
2
1 cos cos
.cos cos cos cos cos
7
cos cos
1 10 9
cos cos 7
1 10 9
1 2 1 4
2 4 1
s s
s
t t
sen t t t t t t
L L L L L
t t t t t
s s s
L t L t
s s s
t t u u u
L L du du
t t u u u
u
du
u
+ +
+


= = =
` ` ` ` `
)
) ) )

)
+
=
+ + +
+

=
` `
+ + +
)
)
=
+
} }
}
( ) ( )
( )( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )
3 3
4 2 2 4 2 4 2
2 4 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
20 8 1 2 1 4 20 1 8
2 4 4 10 9 1 10 9 10 9
1 1 2
ln 1 ln 10 9
2 4
9 1
1 9
2
9 1 9 1 9
s s s s
s s s
s s
u u u u u u u
du du du du
u u u u u u u
u
u u u du
u u
Au B u Cu D u
u Au B Cu D
du du
u u u u u u
+ + + +

+
+ +
+ + +
=
+ + + + + + +
= + + +
+ +
| |
+ + + + +
+ +
|
= + =
|
+ + + + +
\ .
} } } }
}
} }
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )
3 2
2 2
1
9 9
9 1
1 1
, 0, 0,
4 4
s
s
du
A C u B D u A C u B D
du
u u
A B C D
+
+
| |
|
|
+
\ .
| |
+ + + + + + +
|
=
|
+ +
\ .
= = = =
}
}



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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 4 2
2 1 1
4 4
4 4
9 1 9 1 9 1
1 2 1 2 1 1
ln 9 ln 1
8 8 8 8
9 1
1 1 1 1
0 ln 9 0 ln 1 ln 9 ln 1
8 8 8 8
1 1
ln 1 ln 10 9
2 4
s s s s
s s s s
s s
u u
u u u
du du du du
u u u u u u
u u
du du u u
u u
s s s s
u u u
+ + + +

+ +

| |

|
= + = +
|
+ + + + + +
|
|
\ .
= + = + + +
+ +
= + + + + = + +
+ + +
} } } }
} }
( )( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2
2 4 2 2 2
2 4 2 2 2
2 4 2 2 2
1 1
2 4 2
2 4
2
9 1
1 1 1 1
ln 1 ln 10 9 ln 9 ln 1
2 4 8 8
1 1 1 1
0 ln 1 0 ln 10 9 0 ln 9 0 ln 1
2 4 8 8
1 1 1 1
ln 1 ln 10 9 ln 9 ln 1
2 4 8 8
ln 1 ln 10 9 ln
s
s s s s
u
du
u u
u u u u u
s s s s s
s s s s s
s s s
+

+ +
| |
= + + + + + +
|
|
\ .
| |
= + + + + + + + +
|
\ .
= + + + + + + +
= + + + +
}
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
2 2
8 8
1 1 1 1 3
2 2 2 2 2
4 4 8 4 8 2
1 1 1 1 2
2 2 2 2
2 8 2 8
9 ln 1
9 1 1 9 1
1 9
ln ln ln
8 1
1 9 1 9
s s
s s s s s
s
s
s s s s
+ + +
| | | |
+ + + + +
| | | | +
= = =
| | |
+
\ .
| |
+ + + +
\ . \ .
Rpta:
( )
2
2
1 9
ln
8 1
s
f s
s
| | +
=
|
+
\ .

11. Halla
( ) { }
L sen a t +
SOLUCIN

Propiedad:
( ) cos cos sen a t sena t asent + = +

( ) { } { }
2 2 2
cos cos
1 . cos
cos
1 1 1
L sen a t L sena t asent
s s sena a
sena a
s s s
+ = +
+
| | | |
= + =
| |
+ + +
\ . \ .

Rpta:
( )
2
cos .
1
a s sena
f s
s
+
=
+

12. Halla
{ }
2
cos L bt
SOLUCIN
{ } { }
2
2 2
1 cos 2 1 1 1
cos 1 cos 2
2 2 2 4
bt s
L bt L L bt
s s b
+
| |
= = + = +
`
|
+
) \ .

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:
( )
2 2
1 1
( )
2 4
s
f s
s s b
= +
+

13. Demostrar que:
a)
( ) { }
( )
2 2
2
2 2
2
cosh
4
s a
L at
s s a


DEMOSTRACIN
( ) { } { }
( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
1
cosh 2
2 4
1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 8
4 2 2 4 4 4
4
1 4 8 2
4
4 4
at at
at at
e e
L at L L e e
s s s a
s a s a s s s a
s s a
s a s a
s s a s s a


| | +
= = + +
`
|
\ .

)
| |
+
| | | |
|
= + + = + =
| |
|
+
\ . \ .
\ .
| |

|
= =
|

\ .

Por lo tanto, ( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2
4
s a
f s
s s a

L.q.q.d.

b)
( ) { }
( )
2
2
2 2
2
4
a
L senh at
s s a
=


DEMOSTRACIN
( ) { } { }
( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
1
h 2
2 4
1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 8
4 2 2 4 4 4
4
1 8 2
4
4 4
at at
at at
e e
L sen at L L e e
s s s a
s a s a s s s a
s s a
a a
s s a s s a


| |
= = +
`
|
\ .

)
| |
+
| | | |
|
= + = =
| |
|
+
\ . \ .
\ .
| |
|
= =
|

\ .

Por lo tanto, ( )
( )
2
2 2
2
4
a
f s
s s a
=

L.q.q.d.


c) { }
( )
2 2
4 4
2
cos .
4
a s a
L at senat
s a
+
=
+

DEMOSTRACIN
{ } { }
2 2
2cos . 1 1 2
cos . 2
2 2 2 4
at senat a
L at senat L L sen at
s a
| |
= = =
`
|
+
) \ .

Por lo tanto, ( )
( )
2 2
2
2 4
a
f s
s a
=
+
L.q.q.d.


d) { }
3
4 4
cos .cos
4
s
L at at
s a
=
+

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
DEMOSTRACIN
{ } { }
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
1 cos 2 1 1
cos .cos cos
2 2 4
1 4 2
2
4 4
at s
L at at L at L
s s a
s a s s a
s s a s s a
+
| |
= = = +
`
|
+
) \ .
| |
+ + +
|
= =
|
+ +
\ .

Por lo tanto, ( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2
4
s a
f s
s s a
+
=
+
L.q.q.d.


e)
( ) ( ) { }
2
4 4
2
s h .
4
a s
L en at sen at
s a
=
+

DEMOSTRACIN
( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { }
( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
1
s h . . . .
2 2
2 2 2 2
1
2 2
2 2 2 2
4
2
2 2 2 2
at at
at at
e e
L en at sen at L sen at L e sen at e sen at
s sa a s sa a
a a a
s sa a s sa a
s a a s a a
a sa
s sa a s sa a


| |
= =
`
|

\ .
)
( ( | | | |
+ + +
( ( | | = =
| |
+ + + ( ( + + +
\ . \ .
(
( =
+ + + (

( )( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 4 4
2 4 2 2 4
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
4
4 4 2
2 2
sa
s a sa s a sa
sa sa a s
s a
s s a a sa
s a sa
=
+ + +
= = =
+
+ +
+

Por lo tanto,
( )
2
4 4
2
4
a s
f s
s a
=
+
L.q.q.d

f)
( ) ( ) { }
( )
2 2
4 4
2
s h .cos
4
a s a
L en at at
s a

=
+

DEMOSTRACIN
( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { }
( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
1
s h .cos .cos .cos .cos
2 2
2 2 2 2
1
2 2
2 2 2 2
4
2
2 2 2 2
at at
at at
e e
L en at at L at L e at e at
s sa a s sa a
s s s
s sa a s sa a
s a a s a a
s sa
s sa a s sa a


| |
= =
`
|

\ .
)
( ( | | | |
+ + +
( ( | | = =
| |
+ + + ( ( + + +
\ . \ .
(
( =
+ + + (

( )( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 4 4
2 4 2 2 4
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
4
4 4 2
2 2
s a
s a sa s a sa
s a s a s a
s a
s s a a sa
s a sa
=
+ + +
= = =
+
+ +
+
Por lo tanto, ( )
2
4 4
2
4
s a
f s
s a
=
+
L.q.q.d.

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL


14. Hallar la transformada de Laplace de F(t) si :
a)
( )
, 2
2, 2
t t
F t
t
<

=

>


SOLUCIN

{ }
2 2
2 0 2 0
2
2
2
2 2
0 2
2
( ) 2
= du=dt
= v=-
2 2 4
= (- ) =-
s s
st st st st
st
st
st st s
st s
L F t e tdt e dt e tdt e
s
u t
e
dv e
s
e e e
te e
s s s



= + =
+ +
} } }
( )
2
2
2 2
1 1 2
1 2
+ =-
s
s
s e
e
s s s

+

Rpta:
{ }
( )
2
2
1 1 2
( ) =-
s
s e
L F t
s

+


b) ( )
( 2 )
t
d
F t te sen t
dt
=
SOLUCIN

( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
2 2
( ) 0 2
4 4
2 d 2 2s 8
. =- ( ) =
ds 4 4
4
2 s-1 8
( 2 )
s-1 4
t
s d
s sen L sen t
s s dt
s s
L t
s s
s
d
L te sen t
dt

= =
`
+ +
)


`
+ +
)
+


=
`
)
+

Rpta:
{ }
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2 s-1 8
( ) =
s-1 4
L F t

+

c)
( )
, 2
0, 2
sent t
F t
t
t
t
<

=

>


SOLUCIN

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ }
2
0 2
2
2 2
0 0 0
( ) 0
= du= cos tdt
= v=-
1
cos

st st
st
st
st
st st
L F t e sentdt e dt
u sent t
e
dv e
s
e
e sentdt sent e tdt
s s
t
t
t
t t


= +
= +
} }
} }
2 2
2 2
2 2
0 0 0 0
= cos du=- dt
= v=-
1
cos
st
st
st st
st st
st
u t sent
e
dv e
s
e e
e sentdt sent t e sentdt
s s s
e sentd
t t
t t

=
} }
2 2
2
2 2
0 0 0
2 -2 s
2 2 2
. cos
1 1
1 -e 1
= -( - ) =
1 1 1
st st
s
e e
t s sent t
s s
e
s s s
t t
t
t t

=
+ +
+
+ + +
}

Rpta:
{ }
-2 s
2
-e 1
( ) =
1
L F t
s
t
+
+


d)
( )
0 ,
2
3
cost ,
2 2
3
0 ,
2
t
F t t
t
t
t t
t

<

= < <

>


SOLUCIN

{ }
3 3
2 2 2
3
0
2 2 2
3
2
2
( ) 0 cos 0 cos
= cos du=- dt
= v=-
cos cos
st st st st
st
st
st
L F t e dt e tdt e dt e tdt
u t sent
e
dv e
s
e
e tdt t
t t t
t t t
t
t

= + + =
=
} } } }
}
3
3
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
1
= du=cos dt
= v=-
cos cos
st
st
st
st
st
e sentdt
s s
u sent t
e
dv e
s
e
e tdt t
t
t
t
t
t
t

+
=
}
}
( )
( )
( )
3
3 3
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
3 3 3
3
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
1
cos
2 1
cos cos
1 1 1
st st
st
s
st st
st
e
sent e tdt
s s s
s e
e e
e tdt t sent
s s s s s
t
t t
t t
t
t t t
t
t
t
t

+
+
= =

}
}

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:
{ }
( )
( )
3
2
2 1
( ) =
1
s
s e
L F t
s s
t



e)
( )
, 2
8-3t , 2 3
4 , 3< t 4
0 , t>4
t t
t
F t
t
<

s s

=

s


SOLUCIN

{ } ( ) ( )
2 3 4
0 2 3 4
2 3
2 2
0 2
( ) 8 3 4 0
= du=dt
= v=-
= 3 3 4
st st st st
st
st
st st st st st st st
L F t e tdt e t dt e t dt e dt
u t
e
dv e
s
e e e e e e e e
t t t
s s s s s s s


= + + +
+ + + +
} } } }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
4
2
3
2 3 4 3 4 3 2
2 2 2 2
1 1 2 8 3 1 7 2 1 2 1
=
st
s s s s s s s
s
s e s e e s e e s e s e
s s s s


=
+ + + + + +
+ +
Rpta:
{ }
( ) ( )
4 3 2
2
7 2 1 2 1
( ) =
s s s
e s e s e
L F t
s

+ + +



f) ( ) ( )
3
0
cos 4
t
t
F t e t t dt

=
}


SOLUCIN


Rpta:
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
16 3
( )
3 3 16
s
F s
s s
+
=
+ + +

{ }
( ) { }
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
2
3
2
2
0
cos 4
16
16
cos 4
16
16
16
16
16
cos 4
16
16 3
cos 4
3 3 16
t
t
t
s
L t
s
d s s
L t t
du s
s
s
s
f s
s
L t t dt
s s
s s
s
L e t t dt
s s

=
+

| |
= =
|
+
\ .
+

+


= = =
`
+ )
+
=
`
)
+ + +
}
}
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
g)
( ) ( )
2
2
0
cos 3
t
t
d
F t e t dt
dt

=
}

SOLUCIN

( ) ( )
{ }
( ) { }
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
2
2 2 2
0
cos 3
cos 3
9
1
cos 3
1 9
1
cos 3
1 9
1
10
cos 3 1
1 9
1 9
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
d
F t e t dt
dt
s
L t
s
s
L e t
s
s
L e t dt
s s
s s
d s
L e t dt
dt
s
s

=
=
+

=
+


=
`
+
)


= =
`
+
+
)
}
}
}

Rpta:
( )
( )
2
10
1 9
s
f s
s

=
+


h) ( ) ( )
2
0
t
t t
d
F t te t e sent dt
dt
=
}

SOLUCIN

( )
{ }
{ }
( )
{ }
{ }
( )
{ }
( ) ( )
( ) { }
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2 cos
1
1
2
2
2 1
cos
1
2
cos
2 1
2 2
2 cos
2 1 2 1
2 cos
2 1
2 1 2 2
5
2 1
t t t
t
t
t t
t t
d
L e sent e sent e t
dt
L sent
s
L e sent
s
s
L t
s
s
L e t
s
s
L e sent e t
s s
d s
L t e sent e t
ds
s
s s s
s
s

= +
`
)
=
+
=
+
=
+

=
+

+ = +
+ +
| |
+ = |
|
+
\ .
| |
+

|
= =
|
| +
\ .
( )
( )
2
2
2 1 s +



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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
0
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
4
2
2
2 2
2 2
3
2
2
5
2 1
5
2 1
2 2 1 5 2 1 4 2 1 2
2 1
2 2 1 5 2 1 4 2
2 1
t
t
t
t
d s
L t e sent dt
dt
s s
d d s
L t t e sent dt
dt ds
s s
s s s s s s s
s s
s s s s s s
s s


=
`
)
+
| |


|
= =
`
|
)
| +
\ .
| |
| |
+ + + +
|
|
\ .
|
|
+
|
\ .
| |
+ + +
|
=
|
| +
\ .
}
}


Rpta:
( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
2
2 2 2 2
3
2
2
4 8 1 5 2 5 2
2 1
s s s s s s
f s
s s
+ +
=
+

15. Si
( ) { }
( ) f s L f t =
,demostrar que para r>0;

( ) { }
1 ln
t
s r
L r F ar f
a a

| |
=
|
\ .

SOLUCIN
( ) { }
( ) { } ( )
( ) { }
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) { }
ln
ln
1 ln
1
ln ln
1 ln
t
t
rt
rt
s r
L r F ar f
a a
L F r f s
s
L F ar f
a a
f x r
f x t r
f x e
s r
L e F ar f
a a

| |
=
|
\ .
=
| |
=
|
\ .
=
=
=

| |
=
|
\ .
Rpta:
( ) { }
ln
1 ln
rt
s r
L e F ar f
a a

| |
=
|
\ .


16. Demostrar que;


{ }
( )
2 3
2
3
2 2
6 2 bs b
L t senbt
s b

=
+

DEMOSTRACIN
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ } ( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
( )
( ) ( )
2
2
2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
4 3
2 2 2 2
2 3 2 2 3
3 3
2 2 2 2
2
1
2 2 .2. . 2 2 8
2 2 8 6 2
b s
d b d
L t senbt
ds ds s b
s b
b s b bs s b s b s b bs
s b s b
bs b bs bs b
s b s b
| |

| |
|
= =
|
|
+
\ .
+
\ .
+ + + + +
= =
+ +
+
= =
+ +

Por lo tanto,
( )
( )
2 3
3
2 2
6 2 bs b
f s
s b

=
+
L.q.q.d.

17. Demostrar que;


1 sent
L arctg
t s

=
`
)

DEMOSTRACIN
{ }
2
1
1
L sent
s
=
+

2
1 1
1
s
s
sent
L du arctgu arctg
t s u
+

= = =
`
+
)
}


Por lo tanto, ( )
1
f s arctg
s
= L.q.q.d.

18. Calcular
( ) { }
L F t
si:


a) ( ) ( )
3
0
2
t
t
F t e tsen t dt

=
}

SOLUCIN
( ) ( )
{ }
{ } ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
3
0
2
2 2 2
2 2
2
2
2
2
0
3
2 2
2 2
0
2
2
2
4
2 4 4
2 1 1
4
4 4
4
4
4
2
4
4 4
2
6 13
3 4
t
t
t
t
t
F t e tsen t d
L sen t
s
d s s
L tsen t
ds s
s s
s
s
f s
L tsen t
s s
s
L e tsen t
s s
s

=
=
+

| |
= = =
|
+
\ .
+ +
+

= = =
`
+ )

= =
`
+ + )
+ +
}
}
}

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:

( )
2
2
4
( )
6 13
F s
s s
=
+ +

b)
( )
3
2
t
sen t
F t e
t

=
SOLUCIN
( )
{ }
( ) { }
3
2
2 2
3
2
2
2
4
2 2 1 1
2 2
2 2 2 2 4 4
2 3
2 2
t
s s s
t
sen t
F t e
t
L sen t
s
sen t u s
L du du arctg arctg
t u u
sen t s
L F t L e arctg
t
t
t

+ +

=
=
+
| | | | | |
= = = =
`
| | |
+ +
) \ . \ . \ .
+
| |
= =
`
|
) \ .
} }

Rpta:
3
( )
2 2
s
F s arctg
t +
| |
=
|
\ .

19. Calcular
3
0
2
t t
e sen t
L dt
t


`
)
}

SOLUCIN
{ }
( )
( )
2
2 2
3
3
0
2
2
4
2 2 1 1
2 2
2 2 2 2 4 4
2 3
2 2
3
2 1 3 2 2
2 2
s s s
t
t t
L sen t
s
sen t u s
L du du arctg arctg
t u u
e sen t s
L arctg
t
s
arctg
f s
e sen t s
L dt arctg
t s s s
t
t
t
t

+ +

=
+
| | | |
= = = =
`
| |
+ +
) \ . \ .
+ | |
=
`
|
\ .
)
+ | |

|

+ ( | | \ .
= = =
`
| (
\ .
)
} }
}


Rpta:
1 3
( )
2 2
s
F s arctg
s
t + (
| |
=
| (
\ .




20. Calcular
3
sen t
L
t

`
)
:
SOLUCIN
Propiedad: 3
3 3
4
sent sen t
sen t

=

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ } { }
( )
3
2 2
3
2 2 2 2
3 3 1 1 3 3
3 3
4 4 4 1 9
1 3 3 3 1 3 1
4 4 4 1 9 1 9
3 1 3 1 1 3
4 3 3 4 4
s s s
s
s
sent sen t
L sen t L L sent sen t
s s
sen t
L du du du
t u u u u
u
arctg u arctg arctg arctg
s s
+ + +

| |
= = =
`
|
+ +
) \ .

| |
= =
`
|
+ + + +
\ .
)
(
| | | | | |
= = (
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
(

} } }

Rpta:
3 1 1 3
( )
4 4
f s arctg arctg
s s
=

21. Halle
( )
2
at bt
e e
L
t


`

)

SOLUCIN
( )
( )
( )
{ }
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2
1 2 1
2
2 2
2 1 1 1
2
2 2
l n 2 2 l n l n 2
0 ln 2 0 ln
at bt
a b t at bt
a b t at bt
a b t at bt
s s s
s s s
e e
e e e
L L
t t
L e e e
s a s a b s b
e e e
L du du du
t u a u a b u b
u a u a b u b
s a s a b
+
+
+ + + +


+
=
` `

)
)
+ = +


+
= +
`


)
= +
= +
} } }
( )
( )
( )( )
2
2
0 ln 2 ln
2 2
s a b
s b
s a s b
| |

| + =
|

\ .


Rpta:
( )
( )( )
2
( ) ln
2 2
s a b
f s
s a s b
| |

| =
|

\ .


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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Halle
3
t
sent sen t
L e
t
+
`
)
{ } { }
( )
( )
( )
3
2 2
3
2 2
3
3 3 1
4 3 3
4 4
1 7 3
4 1 9
7 1 3 1
4 4 1 9
7 1 7 1 1 3
4 4 3 4 4
s s
s
s
sent sen t
L sent sen t L sent L sent sent sen t
s s
sent sen t
L du du
t u u
u
arctg u arctg arctg arctg
s s
sent sen t
L
+ +


+ = + = +
`
)
(
=
(
+ +


+

=
`
+ +

)
| | | | | |
= =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
+

} }
7 1 1 3
4 1 4 1
t
e arctg arctg
t s s

| | | |
=
`
| |

\ . \ .

)


Rpta:
7 1 1 3
( )
4 1 4 1
f s arctg arctg
s s
| | | |
=
| |

\ . \ .

22. Halle
3
t
sent sen t
L e
t
+
`
)
{ } { }
( )
( )
( )
3
2 2
3
2 2
3
3 3 1
4 3 3
4 4
1 7 3
4 1 9
7 1 3 1
4 4 1 9
7 1 7 1 1 3
4 4 3 4 4
s s
s
s
sent sen t
L sent sen t L sent L sent sent sen t
s s
sent sen t
L du du
t u u
u
arctg u arctg arctg arctg
s s
sent sen t
L
+ +


+ = + = +
`
)
(
=
(
+ +


+

=
`
+ +

)
| | | | | |
= =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
+

} }
7 1 1 3
4 1 4 1
t
e arctg arctg
t s s

| | | |
=
`
| |

\ . \ .

)



23. Evaluar
{ }
.cos L senkt kt
SOLUCIN
{ }
{ }
2 2
2 .cos 2
.cos
2 2
1 1 2
2
2 2 4
senkt kt sen kt
L senkt kt L L
k
L sen kt
s k

= =
` `
) )
| |
= =
|
+
\ .

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:
2 2
( ) , 0
4
k
f s s
s k
= >
+


24. Hallar
( ) { }
L F t

si
( )
3
0
( ) cos 4
t
t
F t e t t dt =
}

SOLUCIN
( ) { }
( ) { } ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
2 2 2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
2
3
2
2
0
cos 4
16
16 2
16
cos 4 1 1
16
16 16
16
16
16
cos 4
16
3 16
cos 4
3 3 16
t
t
t
s
L t
s
s s s
d s s
L t t
ds s
s s
s
s
f s
s
L t t dt
s s
s s
s
L e t t dt
s s
=
+
(
+

| |
(
= = =
|
(
+
\ .
+ +

+


= = =
`
+ )

=
`
)
+
}
}

Rpta:
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
3 16
( )
3 3 16
s
f s
s s

=
+

25. Hallar
( ) { }
L F t

si:
a) ( ) ( )
3
0
2
t
t
F t t e sen t dt

=
}

SOLUCIN
( ) { }
( ) { }
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
3
2
2
3
2
0
2
2
4
2
2
3 4
2
3 4
2
2
3 4
t
t
t
L sen t
s
L e sen t
s
f s s
L e sen t dt
s s
s s

=
+
=
+ +
+ +
= = =
`
(
+ + )

}

( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
3 4 2 3
2
2 1 1
3 4
3 4
t
t
s s s
d
L t e sen t dt
ds
s s
s s

(
| |
+ + + +


|
= =
`
|
(
| + + ( )
+ +

\ .

}

Rpta:
( )
2
2
2
2
3 12 13
( )
3 4
s s
f s
s s
+ +
=
(
+ +




b) ( )
3
0
2
t
t
F t t te sen tdt

=
}

w
w
w
.
G
R
A
T
I
S
2
.
c
o
m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
SOLUCIN
( ) { }
( ) { } ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
{ }
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2 2 2
2 2
3
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
0
3
2
2
0
2
2
2
4
2 2
2 4
2 1 1
4
4 4
4 3
2
3 4
4 3
3 4
4 3
2
3 4
4 3
2 1
3 4
4 3
1
t
t
t
t
t
L sen t
s
s
d s
L tsen t
ds s
s s
s
L te sen t
s
s
s
f s s
L te sen tdt
s s
s s
s
d
L t te sen tdt
ds
s s
s s

=
+
| |

| |
|
= = =
|
|
+
\ .
+ +
\ .
+
=
+ +
+
+ +
+
= = =
`
)
+ +
(
+
(
=
`
(
)
+ +
(

+ +
=
}
}
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
4
2
2
4 2 3 4 2
4
2
2
5 4 2 3 4 2
4
2
2
4 4 3 3 4 4 3 4 3
3 4
4 3 3 8 3 16 4 3 16 3 4 3 8 3 16
3 4
4 3 4 3 32 3 64 32 3 64 3 16 3 64 3
3 4
s s s s s
s s
s s s s s s s s s s
s s
s s s s s s s s s s s s
s s
| |
(
+ + + + + + +
|
(

= |
|
+ +
|
\ .
| |
(
+ + + + + + + + + + + + +
|

=
|
| + +
\ .
| |
+ + + + + + + + + + +
|
|
| + +
\ .

( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
5 4 3 2
4
2
2
5 4 3 2
4
2
2
4 3 12 3 32 3 32 3 64 3 64
1
3 4
4 3 12 3 32 3 32 3 64 3 64
3 4
s s s s s s s s
s s
s s s s s s s s
s s
| |
+ + + + + +
|
=
|
| + +
\ .
+ + + + + + + + +
=
+ +

Rpta:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
5 4 3 2
4
2
2
4 3 12 3 32 3 32 3 64 3 64
3 4
s s s s s s s s
s s
+ + + + + + + + +
+ +


c) ( )
3
0
2
t
t
sen t
F t e dt
t

=
}

SOLUCIN
w
w
w
.
G
R
A
T
I
S
2
.
c
o
m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( )
( ) { }
( )
( )
( )
3
0
2
2
0
3
0
2
2
2
4
2
1 1
2 2
2 2 2 2 4
2 1 2 2
2 2
2 1
3 2
t
t
s s
t
t
t
sen t
F t e dt
t
L sen t
s
sen t
u s
L du arctg arctg
t u
s
arctg
f s
sen t s
L dt arctg
t s s s
sen t s
L e dt arctg
t s
t
t
t
t

=
=
+

| | | | | |
= = =
`
| | |
+
\ . \ . \ .
)
| |

|

(
| | \ .
= = =
`
| (
\ .

)

+
=
`
+
)
}
}
}
}
3
2
(
| |
| (
\ .



Rpta:
( )
1 3
( )
3 2 2
s
f s arctg
s
t + (
| |
=
| (
+
\ .



d)
( )
0
cos 2
t
t
e t
F t dt
t

=
}


SOLUCIN
( )
{ }
{ }
0 0 0
2
cos 2 cos 2
1
1
cos 2
4
t t t t t
t
e t e t
F t dt dt dt
t t t
L e
s
s
L t
s

= =
=

=
+
} } }

( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
0
cos 2 1 1
ln 1 ln 4
1 4
1 1 4
ln 0 ln ln
1 4 4
4
ln
1
cos 2 1 4
ln
1
t
s
s
s
t t
e t
L L du u u
t t u u
u s s
s u s
s
f s s
e t s
L dt
t s s s s
+


| |
(
= = +
` `
|

+
) \ .
)
| | ( +
| | | |
= = =
| | | (
+ +
\ . \ . \ .
| | +
|
| | +
\ .
= = =
` |

\ . )
}
}

Rpta:
2
1 4
( ) ln
1
s
f s
s s
| | +
=
|

\ .



26. Hallar
( ) { }
L F t

si
,t < 4
( )
cos ,t > 4
sent
F t
sent t
t
t

=

+


SOLUCIN
w
w
w
.
G
R
A
T
I
S
2
.
c
o
m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ } ( ) ( ) ( )
4
0 4 4
,t < 4
( )
cos ,t > 4
( ) cos
= du= cos tdt
= v = -

st st st
st
st
sent
F t
sent t
L F t e sent dt e sent dt e t dt
u sent t
e
dv e
s
t
t t
t
t

=

+

= + +
} } }
{ } ( )
4
0
= cos du=- dt
= v = -
( )
st
st
st
u t sent
e
dv e
s
L F t e sent dt

= +
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
4
4
4 4 0 4 0 4
4
4
4 0 4 4 0 4 4
cos - cos - cos
- cos - - - cos cos cos
st st st st
st st
st st st st st st st st
e e e e
e sent dt e t dt sent t dt sent t dt
s s s s
e e e e e e e e
t sent dt sent sent t t dt t dt se
s s s s s s s s
t
t t
t t t t
t
t
t t t t t





+ = + +
= + +
} } } } }
} } }
( )
( ) ( )
( )
4
4 4
4
2 2
0 4 0 4 4 0 4
4 4
4
2 2
0 0 4 4 0 4
- - - cos - cos - cos
- - - cos - cos - cos
st st st st st st st
st st st st st st st
nt dt
e e e e e e e
sent sent t t sent dt t sent dt
s s s s s s s
e e e e e e e
sent sent t t sent dt t se
s s s s s s s
t
t t
t
t t t t
t t
t
t t t





=
=
}
} }
}
( ) ( )
2
4 4 4
cos
st st
e e
nt dt sent t dt
s s
t t t


+
} }

Rpta:
3 1 1 3
( )
4 4
f s arctg arctg
s s
=

27. Hallar
{ }
3
.cos3 .cos 4
t
L e t t
SOLUCIN
Propiedad:
( ) ( ) 2cos cos cos cos A B A B A B = + +

{ } { } ( ) ( ) ( ) { }
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
3 3 3
2
2 2
2 2
1 1
.cos 3 .cos 4 .2 cos 4 .cos 3 . cos 7 cos
2 2
3 3 25
1 3 3
2
3 49 3 1
3 49 3 1
t t t
L e t t L e t t L e t t
s s
s s
s s
s s
= = +
(
+
(

(
= + = (
(
+ + ( + +

(


Rpta:
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2 2
3 3 25
( )
3 49 3 1
s s
f s
s s
+
=
+ +

28. Calcular
{ }
3 3 2
. .
t
L e t sen t
SOLUCIN
w
w
w
.
G
R
A
T
I
S
2
.
c
o
m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ } ( ) { }
{ } { } { }
{ } { } ( ) ( )
( )
3 3 2 3 3 3 3
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
3 2 2
3
3 3
4 3 2 4 2 2
2
1 cos 2 1
. . . . . . 1 cos 2
2 2
1 1 1
. . cos 2 . . cos 2
2 2 2
1 1 1 6 1 3 1 4 2
cos 2 1 1
2 2 2 2 2 4
4
t t t
t t t t
t
L e t sen t L e t L e t t
L e t e t t L e t L e t t
d s d s
L t L t t
s ds s s ds
s
| |
= =
`
|
\ . )
= =
| |
( | | | | | |
|
= =
| | | (

+
\ . \ . \ .
+
\ .
( )
( )( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )
( )
( )( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2 2
4 4
2
2 2
3 3
4 3 4 3
2 2
4
4 4 4 2 .2. 4 2
3 1
1
2
4
4 4 4 2 4
3 1 3 1 4 16 16 8
1
2 2
4 4
3
2
s s s s s
d
ds s
s
s s s s
d d s s s s
ds ds s s
s s
d
d s
(
(
( |
(

( | |
+ +
| |
( |
=
|
( |
\ .
+
(
\ .
( ( | | | |
+
+ | | | |
( ( | |
= = +
| |
( ( | |
\ . \ .
+ +
( (
\ . \ .
| |
= +
|
\ .
( )
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
3 2
2 2 3 2
3
3 4 6
2 2
3 8 4 8 2 4 2
8 3
2
4 4
s s s s s s
s s
s s
s s
( | | (
+ +
| |
( | (
= +
|
( | (
\ .
+ +
(
\ .

( )( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
{ } ( ) { }
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2 3
2 4
4 4 4 4
2 2
2 4
3 3 2 3 3
4 4
2
3 8 4 8 4
3 3 36 32
2 2
4 4
36 3 32 3
1 3
. . . . 1 cos 2 2
2
3
3 4
t t
s s s s s
s s
s s
s s
s s
L e t sen t L e t t
s
s
( (
+
| | | |
( (
= + = +
| |
( (
\ . \ .
+ +

(
| |

(
| = = +
(
|

+ \ .
(


Rpta:
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 4
4 4
2
72 3 2 3 64
3
( )
3
3 4
s s
f s
s
s
(
| |

(
| = +
(
|

+ \ .
(



29. Hallar ( )
{ }
, .
n
L t a n Z es un entero positivo
+
+ e


SOLUCIN

Rpta:

( ) ( )
1
2 1
1
( ) ! ...
1 ! 2 ! 1!
n n
n n
a a a
F s n
n s n s s s

+
| |
= + + + +
|
|

\ .


30. Hallar
( ) ( ) { }
.cos L sen at bt


SOLUCIN
Propiedad:
( ) ( ) 2 cos senA B sen A B sen A B = + +

w
w
w
.
G
R
A
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I
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2
.
c
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m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( ) { }
( ) ( ) { }
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1 1
.cos 2 .cos
2 2
1 1
2 2
L sen at bt L sen at bt L sen a b t sen a b t
a b a b
L sen a b t sen a b t
s a b s a b
= = + +
(
+
= + + = + (
+ + + (


Rpta:
( ) ( )
2 2
2 2
1
( )
2
a b a b
f s
s a b s a b
(
+
= + (
+ + + (


31. Hallar
{ }
2 at
L e sen bt
SOLUCIN
{ } ( ) { }
{ }
( ) { }
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
1 cos 2 1
1 cos 2
2 2
1
1 cos 2
4
1 1 1 4
1 cos 2
2 2
4 2 4
at at at
at
b
L e sen bt L e L e b
s
L b
s s b
s a
b
L e b
s a
s a b s a s a b
| | | |
= =
` | |
\ . \ . )
= =

| | | |
= = = (
| |

\ . \ . (


Rpta:
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
2
4
( )
2 4
b
f s
s a s a b

=



32. Hallar
( )
2
2
0
cos 3
t
t
d
L e t dt
dt


`
)
}


SOLUCIN
( )
( ) { }
( ) { }
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
2 2
0 0
0
2
cos 3
cos 3
9
1
cos 3
1 9
1
1 9
1
cos 3
1 9
1
cos 3 cos 3 cos 3 1 cos 3 0
1 9
1
cos 0
1 9
t
t
t
t
t
t t
t t t t
d
L e t dt
dt
s
L t
s
s
L e t
s
s
f s s
s
L e t dt
s s
s s
s s
d
L e t dt s e t dt e t e t
dt
s s
s s
s e dt
s



`
)
=
+
+
=
+ +
+
+ +
+
= = =
`
+ + )
+
(
=
`

+ + )
+
=
+ +
}
}
} }
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
| |
( )
( )
( )
( ) | |
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
0 0
2
0 0
2
0
2 2 2 2 0
1
cos 0 1 cos 0 0 1
1 9
1 1 1 1 9
10
1 1
1 9 1 9 1 9 1 9
t t
s s
e e s dt
s
s s s s s s s
s
s t
s s s s
+
(
=

+ +
+ + + +
+
= = = =
+ + + + + + + +
} }

Rpta:
( )
( )
2
10
( )
1 9
s
f s
s
+
=
+ +


33. Calcular
3
2
cos L t t

`
)


w
w
w
.
G
R
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S
2
.
c
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m

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
SOLUCIN

Rpta:

( )
( )
3
3
0
2
3
1 (3 )
2
( )
2 !
n
n
n
n
F s
n s

+
=
+
=






34. Calcular
2
0
s t
sent
L e dt
t


`
)
}


SOLUCIN
{ }
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
1
1
2 1
2
1
2
2
s t
s
s
s t
s t
sent
L e dt
t
L sent
s
sent
L du arctg u arctg s
t u
sent
L e arctg s s
t
arctg s s
f s
sent
L e dt arctg s s
t s s s
t
t
t
t


`
)
=
+

= = =
`
+
)

= +
`
)
+

(
= = = +
`
(

)
}
}
}


Rpta:

( )
1
f s arctg
s
| |
=
|
\ .


35. Hallar
cos cos
t
at bt
L
te


`
)


SOLUCIN
{ }
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2
cos cos cos cos
cos
cos 1 2 1 1
ln ln
2 2 2 2
cos 1
ln 1
2 2
t t
t
s s
t
at bt at bt
L L e L e
t t te
s
L at
s a
at u
L du u a s a
t u a
at
L e s a
t
t
t


=
` ` `
) ) )
=
+
(
= = + = +
`
(
+
)
(
= + +
`
(
)
}


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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ }
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
cos
cos 1 2 1 1
ln ln
2 2 2 2
cos 1
ln 1
2 2
cos cos 1 1
ln 1 ln 1
2 2 2 2
1
ln 1 ln 1
2 2 2
s s
t
t
s
L bt
s b
bt u
L du u b s b
t u b
bt
L e s b
t
at bt
L s a s b
te
s a s b
t
t
t t
t t

=
+
(
= = + = +
`
(
+
)
(
= + +
`
(
)

( (
= + + + +
`
( (
)
+ + + + +
}
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1
1
ln
2
1
s b
s a
| |
+ +
(
| =
(
|
+ +
\ .

Rpta:

( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1
1
ln
2
1
s b
f s
s a
| |
+ +
= |
|
+ +
\ .


36. Calcular
2
0
a t
sent
L e dt
t


`
)
}


RESOLUCIN
( )
2
2
2 2
2 2
0
1 1
( )
1 1
( )
1 1
( )
a t
a t
sent
L arctg
t s s
sent
L e arctg
t s a s a
sent
L e dt arctg
t s a s s a


=
`
)

=
`
+ +
)

=
`
+ +
)
}
Rpta:

( )
( )
2
2
1 1
( ) f s arctg
s a
s s a
=
+
+


37. Calcular la transformada de Laplace de:
( )
2
t
t z
a
d
L te z e senz dz
dz

`
)
}


RESOLUCIN
{ }
( ) { }
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2 2 0
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
0
1
( 2) 1
( ) (0)
( 2) 1
5
( 2) 1
( 2) 1
1 5
( 2) 1
( 1) 5
( 1) ( 3
z
z z
z
t
z
t
t z
L e senz
s
d s
L e senz s L e senz e sen
dz s
d d s s
L z e senz
dz ds s
s
d s
L z e senz dz
dz s
s
d s
L e z e senz dz
dz
s s
=
+

= =
`
+
)
| |

= =
`
|
+
)
\ . +


=
`
+ )


=
`
)
}
}
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
) 1
( 1) 5
( 1) ( 3) 1
t
t z
d d s
L te z e senz dz
dz ds
s s
+
| |


|
=
`
|
+ )
\ .
}

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL

Rpta:

( )
( ) ( )
2 2
3 2
2 2 2
( 4 1)(5 22 22) 2
( 1) 6 10 6 10
s s s s
f s
s s s s s
+
=
+ +



38. Hallar
cos cos
t
at bt
L
te


`
)


RESOLUCIN

{ } { } { }
{ }
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
cos cos cos
1 1
cos cos
( 1) ( 1)
(cos cos ) 1 1
( 1) ( 1)
(cos cos ) 1 1
ln ( 1) ln ( 1)
2 2
t t t t
t t
t
s s
t
L e at e bt L e at L e cosbt
s s
L e at e bt
s a s b
e at bt u u
L du du
t u a u b
e at bt
L s a s b
t


+ +

=
+ +
=
+ + + +
+ +
=
`
+ + + +
)

= + + + + +
`
)
} }

Rpta:

( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1
1
ln
2
1
s b
f s
s a
| |
+ +
= |
|
+ +
\ .


39. Calcular
2
2
0
t
u t
senu
L te du
u


| |
`
|
\ .
)
}


RESOLUCIN

2
0
2
2
0
1
( )
1
( )
1
1 1
( )
1
1 1
( )
2 1
u
t
u
t
t u
senu
L arctg
u s
senu
L e arctg
u s
senu
L e du arctg
u s s
senu d
L te e du arctg
u ds s s


=
`
)

=
`

)

| |
=
`
|

\ .
)

| | | |
=
`
| |
+ +
\ . \ .
)
}
}

Rpta:

( )
( ) ( )( )
2
2
1
1 1
( 1) 1 2
2
arctg
s
f s
s s
s
| |
|
+
\ .
=
+ + +
+


40. Demostrar que:
2 2
3
0 0 0
4 4
y t x
senz
L dz dydx arctg
z s s

| |
| |
=
| `
|
|
\ .

\ .
)
} } }


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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
RESOLUCIN

2
0
2 2
3
0 0 0
1 1
( )
1 1
y
y t x
senz
L dz arctg
z s s
senz
L dz dydx arctg
z s s


=
`

)

| |
| |
=
| `
|
|
\ .

\ .
)
}
} } }



41. Calcular
0
t
senu
L du
u


`
)
}


RESOLUCIN

{ }
2
2
0
1
1
1
/
1 2
1 1 1
( ) ( )
2
s
s
t
L senu
s
senu
L arctgu arctgs
u u
senu
L du arctgs arctg
u s s s
t
t
+
+

=
+

= = =
`
+
)

= =
`
)
}
}


Rpta:

( )
1 1
( ) f s arctg
s s
=

42. Calcular
0 0
t t
senu
L dudu
u


`
)
} }


RESOLUCIN

0
2
0 0
1 1
( )
1 1
( )
t
t t
senu
L du arctg
u s s
senu
L dudu arctg
u s s


=
`
)

=
`
)
}
} }


Rpta:

( )
2
1 1
( ) f s arctg
s s
=

43. Demostrar que:
2
3
0 0
ln( 1)
bt ax
u
y
e ab s
L dudydz
u s ab




= +
`

)
} } }


RESOLUCIN

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
2
3
0 0
ln( 1)
bt ax
u
y
e ab s
L dudydz
u s ab




= +
`

)
} } }


Rpta:



44. Demostrar que:
3
0 0 0
1 1
( )
y t x
senz
L dzdydx arctg
z s s


| |
=
`
|
\ .

)
} } }


RESOLUCIN
0
3
0 0 0
1 1
( )
1 1
( )
y
y t x
senz
L arctg
z s s
senz
L dzdydx arctg
z s s




=
`

)

| |
=
`
|
\ .

)
}
} } }


Rpta:



45. Demostrar que:
2
0 0 0
1 1
( )
y t x
senz
L dzdydx arctg
z s s


| |
=
`
|
\ .

)
} } }


RESOLUCIN

0
3
0 0 0
1 1
( )
1 1
( )
y
y t x
senz
L arctg
z s s
senz
L dzdydx arctg
z s s




=
`

)

| |
=
`
|
\ .

)
}
} } }


Rpta:




46. Calcular
2
0
cos 3 cos 2
t
z z
L dz
z

`
)
}


RESOLUCIN

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
2
0
2
2 2 2
2
2
2
0
cos 3 cos 2
cos 3 cos 2 cos 3 2
cos 3 cos 2 1 4
ln( )
9 4 2 9
cos 3 cos 2 1 4
ln( )
2 9
t
s s
t
z z
L dz
z
z z z cos z
L L L
z z z z
z z u u s
L du du
z z u u s
z z s
L dz
z s s
+ +

`
)

=
` ` `
) ) )
+

= =
`
+ + +
)

+
=
`
+
)
}
} }
}


Rpta:

( )
2
2
1 16
ln( )
2 36
s
f s
s s
+
=
+


47. Calcular
2
0
( )
t
t z
d
L e z e senz dz
dz

`
)
}


RESOLUCIN

{ }
( )
2
2
2 0
2 2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
2
0
2
2
0
1
( 2) 1
1
( ) (0)
( 2) 1 ( 2) 1
5
( )
( 2) 1 ( 2) 1
5
( )
( 2) 1
( 1) 5
( )
( 1
z
z
z
t
z
t
t z
L e senz
s
d s
L e senz s e sen
dz s s
d d s s
L z e senz
dz ds s s
d s
L z e senz dz
dz
s s
d s
L e z e senz dz
dz s
=
+

= =
`
+ +
)
| |

= =
`
|
+ +
)
\ .


=
`
+ )


=
`

)
}
}
( )
2
) ( 3) 1 s +



Rpta:

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
1 5 1
1
3 1
s
f s
s
s
(

(
=
(

+
(




48. Demostrar que:
1
1
t
sent
L e arctg
t s
| |
=
`
|

) \ .


RESOLUCIN

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
2
1
/ ( )
1 2
1
( 1) ( )
2 1
s
s
t
sent
L arctgu arctg s
t u
sent
L e arctg s arctg
t s
t
t
+
+

= = =
`
+
)

= =
`

)
}


Rpta: No se cumple la igualdad
SOLUCIN
{ }
( ) ( )
( )
2
2
1
1
1
2 1
1
2
s
s
t
L sent
s
sent
L du arctg u arctg s
t u
sent
L e arctg s
t
t
t
+

=
+

= = =
`
+
)

=
`
)
}

Rpta:

( ) ( )
1
2
f s arctg s
t
=

49. Calcular la transformada de Laplace de la funcin
( )
,si t e
1 ,si t e impar
t t s par
F t
t t s

( (

=

+ ( (



RESOLUCIN
( )
t =n ,n 1
t ,si 0 t<1 0
t -2 ,si 1 t<2 1
t-2 ,si 2 t<1 2
t-4 ,si 3 t<4 3
t-4 ,si 4 t<5 4
.
.
t n
para n
para n
para n
F t para n
para n
( s < +

s =

s =

s =

= s =

s =

{ }

por escala unidad queda f(t)= t + (t -2-t)u(t-1)+(t -2-(t-2))u(t-2)+(t -4-(t-2))u(t-3)+.............
+
( ) 2 ( 1) 2 ( 3) 2 ( 5) ...... 2 ( (2 1)) k
2 ( 1) 2 ( 3) 2 ( 5) . ( )
f t t u t u t u t u t k
L t u t u t u t L f t

= +
= { }
{ }
{ }
..... 2 ( (2 1))
se sabe L u(t-a)
3 5 7
1 1 2 (2 1)
( ) 2( ....... )
2 2
1
u t k
at
e
s
s s s s
e e e e k s
L f t e
s s s s s
s s k
+

=


+
= + + + =

=


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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
Rpta:
1 2
(2 1)
2
1
k s
e
s
s k


=



50. Calcular
cos
t
at cosbt
L
te


`
)


SOLUCIN
{ }
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2
cos cos cos cos
cos
cos 1 2 1 1
ln ln
2 2 2 2
cos 1
ln 1
2 2
t t
t
s s
t
at bt at bt
L L e L e
t t te
s
L at
s a
at u
L du u a s a
t u a
at
L e s a
t
t
t


=
` ` `
) ) )
=
+
(
= = + = +
`
(
+
)
(
= + +
`
(
)
}

{ }
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
cos
cos 1 2 1 1
ln ln
2 2 2 2
cos 1
ln 1
2 2
cos cos 1 1
ln 1 ln 1
2 2 2 2
1
ln 1 ln 1
2 2 2
s s
t
t
s
L bt
s b
bt u
L du u b s b
t u b
bt
L e s b
t
at bt
L s a s b
te
s a s b
t
t
t t
t t

=
+
(
= = + = +
`
(
+
)
(
= + +
`
(
)

( (
= + + + +
`
( (
)
+ + + + +
}
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1
1
ln
2
1
s b
s a
| |
+ +
(
| =
(
|
+ +
\ .

Rpta:
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
1
1
ln
2
1
s b
f s
s a
| |
+
= |
|
+
\ .


51. Calcular
0
t
u
senu
L t e du
u

`
)
}


RESOLUCIN


w
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( )
( ) { }
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
0
2
2
0
2
0
2
1
1
2
2 1
1 1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
( )
t
u
s
s
u
t
u
t
u
senu
F s L t e du
u
L sen u
s
sen u
L du arctg u arctg s
u u
sen u
L e f s arctg s
u
arctg s
f s
senu
L e du arctg s
u s s s
f s
senu
L t e du d
u s s
t
t
t
t
+


=
`
)
=
+

= = =
`
+
)

= =
`
)


(
= = =
`
(

)

= =
`
)
}
}
}
} 2
1 1
( )
1 (1 ( 1) )
arctg
s s s
+
+

1.
Rpta:
( )
( )
( )
2 2
1 1 1
1
1 1
f s arctg
s s
s s
| |
= +
|

\ .
+



52. Calcular
3 3
0 0
1
t x
y
e
L dydx
y

`
)
} }








Rpta: f(s)=
2
1
l
n( )
( 1)
s
s s +

53. Calcular
2
0
( )
t
t
d
L te dt
dt


`
)
}

( ) { }
3
0
3 3
2
0 0
1 1
1
1
1 1
ln( ) ln( ) l
n( )
1
( 1)
1 1
ln( )
( 1)
1 1
ln( )
( 1)
y
y
x y
t x y
F s L e
s s
e
s
L s
y s
s
e
s
L dy
y s s
e
s
L dydx
y s s


= =
+

= + + =
`
+
+
)

=
`
+
)

=
`
+
)
}
} }
w
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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
{ }
{ }
2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
0
0 0
0
0
( ) ( )
2
= du=-2t
= v = -
t
t
st
t st t t st t
t t
st
st
s
st t t
d
L f t L te dt
dt
e
L e e e dt e e te dt
s s
u e e dt
e
dv e
s
e
e te dt te



=
`
)
= =
=
}
} }
}
2 2
2 2 2
2
0 0
0
2
2
t
=t du= ( -2t )
= v = -
t
st t st t
t t t
st
st
e e dt e e dt
s s
u e e e dt
e
dv e
s

+
} }
=
54.
cos
at
e bt
L
t

`
)

{ }
{ }
{ }
2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2
cos cos
( )
1 1 1
( )
( )
cos 1 2
cos ( ) ( )
2
cos 1
(
( )
at at
at
at
s
s
s
s
at
e bt e bt
L f t L L L
t t t
e
L e L du ln u a ln
s a t u a s a
s bt u
L bt L du ln u b ln s b
t s b u b
e bt
L ln ln s b
t s a



= = =
` ` `
) ) )

= = = =
`

)

= = = + = +
`
+ +
)

= + +
`

)
}
}
2 2
2
) ln( )
s b
s a
+
=


Rpta:
2 2
ln( )
s b
s a
+


55.
2
0
t
senu
L du
u

`
)
}

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ECUACIONES DIFERENCIALES


DOCENTE: ING. ELMER CHUQUIYAURI SALDIVAR INGENIERA DE SISTEMAS - UNHEVAL
( )
{ }
2
0
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
1 cos 2
2
1 2 1
2 2 2 2( 4)
1 1 1 1
ln( ) ( 4)
2 2 2 4
1 1 4
(ln( ) ln( 4)) ln
2
t
s s s
sen u
F s L du
u
x
sen u
cos u s
L sen u L L
s s
sen u x
L dx dx x ln x
u x x
s sen u
s L
s s u
sen u
L
u



=
`
)

=

= =
` `
+
) )
(

(
= + = +
` (
(
+

)

+
= + + =
`
)

=
`
)
}
} }
2
4
ln
s
s
+

Rpta:
2
4
ln
s
s
+

56.
2
8
2
0
cos 4
t
t t
d
L te e tdt
dt


`
)
}


{ }
2
8
2
0
2 2
0
2
2 2 2
0
2 2
2
0
( ) cos 4
1 1
cos 4 cos 4 .
16 ( 1) 16
1 ( 1)
(0) (0) 1 1 cos 4
( 1) 16 ( 1) 16
(2 1)(( 1) 16)
cos 4
t
t t
t
t
t
t
t
t
d
f s L te e tdt
dt
s s
L t L e tdt
s s s
s s s d
s F F L e tdt
s s dt
d s s
L t e tdt
dt


=
`
)

+
= = =
`
+ + +
)
+ +
' = = +
`
+ + + +
)

+ + +
=
`
)
}
}
}
}
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
8
2 2 2
0
2 ( 1) ( 1) 32 16
(( 1) 16) (( 1) 16)
( 9) 32( 9) 16
cos 4
(( 9) 16)
t
t t
s s s s
s s
d s s
L e t e tdt
dt s

+ + + +
=
+ + + +

+ + + +
=
`
+ +
)
}

Rpta:
2
2 2
( 9) 32( 9) 16
(( 9) 16)
s s
s
+ + + +
+ +











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m

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