Anda di halaman 1dari 52

Building Analysis with Natural Frequency according to self Mass and Weight:

Building Structure:

Roof color Beam color keypoint color

Building Analysis with Natural Frequency according to self Mass and Weight: Building Structure: Roof color Beam
Building Analysis with Natural Frequency according to self Mass and Weight: Building Structure: Roof color Beam
Building Analysis with Natural Frequency according to self Mass and Weight: Building Structure: Roof color Beam
Building Analysis with Natural Frequency according to self Mass and Weight: Building Structure: Roof color Beam
This is important thing we must do, Changing Job Name is the better way to save
This is important thing we must
do, Changing Job Name is the
better way to save our work later
without any problems.
Hint: Sometimes, some windows
disappear, so click on this icon
Enter the Job Name you want. And
Pick Yes for new Log error file this
is good for Session Editor.

Preprocessor:

Choosing structural to update all mechanical and physical properties such as Loads, stresses .. etc.
Choosing structural to
update all mechanical
and physical properties
such as Loads, stresses ..
etc.
In structure we have many Element types, first we choose Structure Mass – 3D mass 21,
In structure we have many Element
types, first we choose Structure Mass –
3D mass 21, this is because we want to
analysis the building according to its
Mass.
Then we choose Beam – 3D Finite
strain or 2 node 188, because the
Lines in the construction of this
building take the Beam Element.
Shell – 3D 4node 181, for Roofs
Combination – (Spring – Damper) we add this Element Type to the building because we want
Combination – (Spring – Damper) we add
this Element Type to the building because
we want apply Natural Frequency
according to the Mass of building
(Spring – Damper) element type
makes Natural Frequency and
frequently motion like pull and
push without any external force.
5 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Select for structural Mass element type, from Options (3D w/o rot inertia) means we don’t need
Select for structural Mass element type,
from Options (3D w/o rot inertia) means
we don’t need any rotation in the mass,
just concentrate downward.
Add Real Constant for Mass : enter the amount of mass for FLOOR let us say
Add Real Constant for Mass : enter
the amount of mass for FLOOR let us
say (50 kg), then Apply.
Enter the amount of mass for
Beam because it is different from
Floor let us say (30 kg), then OK.
Add Real Constant for Mass : enter the amount of mass for FLOOR let us say

7 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com

We must enter Spring Constant according to any problem, we take it here = 2500, also
We must enter Spring Constant
according to any problem, we take it
here = 2500, also if there is Damping
Coefficient, this is OK, but here we
don’t have. Also we have to set the
Real Constant Set No. as we wish,
here we take it = 3, because this will
help us in Mesh Attribute.
Real Constant for
Combination
No Real Constants
for Beam and Shell
At last we get this
8 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com

We will Add material properties later, (this is up to you), but now we will complete the modeling.

We will Add material properties later, (this is up to you), but now we will complete
We will Add material properties later, (this is up to you), but now we will complete
Change view and you will get these Keypoints These represent the ground keypoints
Change view and you
will get these Keypoints
These represent the
ground keypoints
Now make a Copy to the keypoints Pick the four keypoints then Apply No. of copies:
Now make a Copy to the keypoints
Pick the four keypoints then Apply
No. of copies: includes No. of
original keypoints set + any No. as
you want,
here we select 2
sets to
be easier to connect with Lines later
Enter 4 , distance on Y-axis
Click Fit to see the keypoints Pick OK
Click Fit to see the
keypoints
Pick OK
Connect the keypoints to get the first Floor (Storey) After you complete pick OK 13 |
Connect the keypoints to get
the first Floor (Storey)
After you complete pick OK
13 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Repeat same procedure, Copy the upper keypoints and do as in the fig. 14 | Haydar
Repeat same procedure, Copy the upper
keypoints and do as in the fig.
14 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Click Fit again you will see only keypoints.
Click Fit again you will
see only keypoints.
Select Multi-Plots
Select Multi-Plots
You will get this
You will get this
Repeat same procedure, Copy keypoints and Connect with Lines until you get this.
Repeat same procedure, Copy
keypoints and Connect with
Lines until you get this.
Make the Floor Area. By Arbitrary – By Lines, select only four Lines then Apply. 19
Make the Floor Area. By
Arbitrary – By Lines, select
only four Lines then Apply.
19 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Repeat same procedure Floor after Floor, until you get this.
Repeat same procedure Floor
after Floor, until you get this.
Now we reach the IMPORTANT step, means adding other keypoints for Spring Element represent the (Natural
Now we reach the IMPORTANT step, means adding other
keypoints for Spring Element represent the (Natural Frequency),
these keypoints must be drawn at the same height of top Floor, so
make Copy for any two keypoints on same side on the top Floor
21 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Now connect these two points with Lines 22 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile:
Now connect these two points
with Lines
22 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Enter two difference properties one for the Beam another for Floor.
Enter two difference properties one
for the Beam another for Floor.
Choose any Section for Beam and fill as in the Fig. remember ID = 2 because
Choose any Section for Beam and
fill as in the Fig. remember ID = 2
because it is Carbon
Enter Shell thickness, means Floor thickness. Remember ID = 1 , because it is Aluminum .
Enter Shell thickness, means Floor
thickness. Remember ID = 1 ,
because it is Aluminum .
OK.
Apply Mesh Attributes, first for Areas, but attention it is very critical to select the suitable
Apply Mesh Attributes, first
for Areas, but attention it is
very critical to select the
suitable properties and Real
constants as in the fig.
Material No. = 1 (Aluminum)
Real Constant = 1 (Mass = 50kg for Floor)
For Picked Areas we choose Shell, and already it will take the Mass
Element Section for Shell, thickness = 0.25 called Floor
26 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Select All Lines except two Lines for Spring as in the fig. Material No. = 2
Select All Lines except two
Lines for Spring as in the
fig.
Material No. = 2 (Carbon)
Real Constant = 2 (Mass = 30kg for Beam)
For Picked Lines we choose BEAM, and already it will take the Mass
Element Section for Beam Dimension = 0.25 * 0.25 called Beam
27 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Select these two Lines Real Constant = 3 (K = 2500 for Spring) For Picked Lines
Select these two Lines
Real Constant = 3 (K = 2500 for Spring)
For Picked Lines we choose COMBINATION
28 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
No matter select 1 or 2 , this will not considered because of combination
No matter select 1 or 2 , this will not considered because of combination

No matter select any thing , this will not considered because of combination

Now select All the keypoints that you want to show the concentrated Mass on it, I
Now select All the keypoints that you want
to show the concentrated Mass on it, I picked
All keypoints at the corners except at the
ground and at the end of Spring as in the fig.
Material No. = 1 (Aluminum)
Real Constant = 1 (Mass = 50kg for Floor)
For Picked Keypoints we choose MASS
29 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Select Manual Mesh and mesh the two Line for Spring No. of Division = 1 this
Select Manual Mesh and mesh the two Line for
Spring No. of Division = 1 this is to get Natural
Frequency as Dinesh said. (we can enter another
numbers but this won’t give us Natural Frequency)
30 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Mesh remaining Lines No. of Division = 10 31 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India
Mesh remaining Lines No.
of Division = 10
31 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Mesh – Keypoints : Select All keypoints except at ground and at the end of spring.
Mesh – Keypoints : Select All keypoints except at
ground and at the end of spring. This is important
to make a relationship between analysis of Shell
(Floor) and Beam.
You will get this
You will get this
34 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Mesh – Lines : pick Line by Line (each Line) but don’t use the command (Pick
Mesh – Lines : pick Line by
Line (each Line) but don’t
use the command (Pick All)
35 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
36 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
36 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Apply Displacement constraint on keypoints at ground only, All DOF 37 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH
Apply Displacement
constraint on keypoints
at ground only, All DOF
37 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Apply self-weight (depending on Mass) : Structural – Inertia – Gravity – Global, then enter (9.81)
Apply self-weight (depending on Mass) :
Structural – Inertia – Gravity – Global, then
enter (9.81) with Y-axis
Yes
Yes
40 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Until now we complete first stage of our work of drawing Natural Frequency, we must press
Until now we complete first
stage of our work of drawing
Natural Frequency, we must
press Finish before we enter
the next stage.
In the previous examples we analyze as a Static (means any geometry with static load), so
In the previous examples we analyze as a Static (means
any geometry with static load), so when we want to post to
next stage such as Modal , we have to finish our work as a
Static (like we just done) then introduce to choosing the
Modal, (same procedure must done if we want another
types in the window below)
In the previous examples we analyze as a Static (means any geometry with static load), so

Static : Any shape with static loads. Modal : Any shape with self-weight and natural frequency. Harmonic : Any shape with external force. Transient : Any shape analysis with respect to time. Spectrum : Any shape with respect to crack propagation.

Analysis Options : this window for setup motion of frequency like up and down (all these
Analysis Options : this window for setup motion of frequency like
up and down (all these options for choosing the shape of
..
there is no solution select (PCG Lanczos) they give same work.
frequency) and where it should affect
select (Block Lanczos) if
Enter 10 for example, means the No. of Nodes
that expose to the extraction of Frequency
Enter 10, means the No. of Nodes
that expose to the expansion of
Frequency
Pick Yes
Pick OK
Frequency start from 0 unit
Frequency end at 10 units
Select To unity for better frequency as Dinesh said
43 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Pick OK
44 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
Pick (First Set) nothing happen but the Ansys understands that we want Read and Plot the
Pick (First Set)
nothing happen but
the Ansys
understands that we
want Read and Plot
the first set of
NODES in the
drawing, means
first motion how
it’s look like.
First Set give us the following deformation
First Set give us the
following deformation
Pick (Next Set) nothing happen but the Ansys understands that we want Read and Plot the
Pick (Next Set)
nothing happen but
the Ansys
understands that we
want Read and Plot
the next set of
NODES in the
drawing, means
next motion how
it’s look like.
And so-on, but for better and real view activate the Animation, and you will see the
And so-on, but for better
and real view activate the
Animation, and you will see
the real Natural Frequency.
TimeHist Postpro: from appearing window we can setup a graphs like between Time and Distance. Pick
TimeHist Postpro: from
appearing window we can
setup a graphs like between
Time and Distance.
Pick Add Data
For example select DOF
solution with X-axis
49 | Haydar Alsalami \ JNTUH \ India mobile: 00919059070644 – Iraq mobile: 009647801518389 E-Mail: haydar2200@yahoo.com
I select this keypoint Drag this window and select any keypoints or any element in the
I select this keypoint
Drag this window and
select any keypoints or any
element in the drawing.
Pick OK
Pick Graph Data, means the change of Distance with Time for this keypoint. You can see
Pick Graph Data, means
the change of Distance with
Time for this keypoint.
You can see here the Time
always appear, and below
is the chosen type for graph
Note: since we are in Modal study
then we can graph Time with
Deformation only (UX, UY and
UZ), when enter to Harmonic we
can graph with Stress, as Dinesh
This is like scientific calculator if you need it to solve any equation you can use
This is like scientific calculator if
you need it to solve any equation
you can use it, and (maybe solved
equation can used in the graph) as
Dinesh said.