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# Roof color Beam color keypoint color

This is important thing we must
do, Changing Job Name is the
better way to save our work later
without any problems.
Hint: Sometimes, some windows
disappear, so click on this icon
Enter the Job Name you want. And
Pick Yes for new Log error file this
is good for Session Editor.

# Preprocessor:

Choosing structural to
update all mechanical
and physical properties
etc.
In structure we have many Element
types, first we choose Structure Mass –
3D mass 21, this is because we want to
analysis the building according to its
Mass.
Then we choose Beam – 3D Finite
strain or 2 node 188, because the
Lines in the construction of this
building take the Beam Element.
Shell – 3D 4node 181, for Roofs
Combination – (Spring – Damper) we add
this Element Type to the building because
we want apply Natural Frequency
according to the Mass of building
(Spring – Damper) element type
makes Natural Frequency and
frequently motion like pull and
push without any external force.
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Select for structural Mass element type,
from Options (3D w/o rot inertia) means
we don’t need any rotation in the mass,
just concentrate downward.
Add Real Constant for Mass : enter
the amount of mass for FLOOR let us
say (50 kg), then Apply.
Enter the amount of mass for
Beam because it is different from
Floor let us say (30 kg), then OK.

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We must enter Spring Constant
according to any problem, we take it
here = 2500, also if there is Damping
Coefficient, this is OK, but here we
don’t have. Also we have to set the
Real Constant Set No. as we wish,
here we take it = 3, because this will
help us in Mesh Attribute.
Real Constant for
Combination
No Real Constants
for Beam and Shell
At last we get this
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We will Add material properties later, (this is up to you), but now we will complete the modeling.

Change view and you
will get these Keypoints
These represent the
ground keypoints
Now make a Copy to the keypoints
Pick the four keypoints then Apply
No. of copies: includes No. of
original keypoints set + any No. as
you want,
here we select 2
sets to
be easier to connect with Lines later
Enter 4 , distance on Y-axis
Click Fit to see the
keypoints
Pick OK
Connect the keypoints to get
the first Floor (Storey)
After you complete pick OK
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Repeat same procedure, Copy the upper
keypoints and do as in the fig.
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Click Fit again you will
see only keypoints.
Select Multi-Plots
You will get this
Repeat same procedure, Copy
keypoints and Connect with
Lines until you get this.
Make the Floor Area. By
Arbitrary – By Lines, select
only four Lines then Apply.
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Repeat same procedure Floor
after Floor, until you get this.
Now we reach the IMPORTANT step, means adding other
keypoints for Spring Element represent the (Natural Frequency),
these keypoints must be drawn at the same height of top Floor, so
make Copy for any two keypoints on same side on the top Floor
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Now connect these two points
with Lines
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Enter two difference properties one
for the Beam another for Floor.
Choose any Section for Beam and
fill as in the Fig. remember ID = 2
because it is Carbon
Enter Shell thickness, means Floor
thickness. Remember ID = 1 ,
because it is Aluminum .
OK.
Apply Mesh Attributes, first
for Areas, but attention it is
very critical to select the
suitable properties and Real
constants as in the fig.
Material No. = 1 (Aluminum)
Real Constant = 1 (Mass = 50kg for Floor)
For Picked Areas we choose Shell, and already it will take the Mass
Element Section for Shell, thickness = 0.25 called Floor
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Select All Lines except two
Lines for Spring as in the
fig.
Material No. = 2 (Carbon)
Real Constant = 2 (Mass = 30kg for Beam)
For Picked Lines we choose BEAM, and already it will take the Mass
Element Section for Beam Dimension = 0.25 * 0.25 called Beam
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Select these two Lines
Real Constant = 3 (K = 2500 for Spring)
For Picked Lines we choose COMBINATION
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No matter select 1 or 2 , this will not considered because of combination

No matter select any thing , this will not considered because of combination

Now select All the keypoints that you want
to show the concentrated Mass on it, I picked
All keypoints at the corners except at the
ground and at the end of Spring as in the fig.
Material No. = 1 (Aluminum)
Real Constant = 1 (Mass = 50kg for Floor)
For Picked Keypoints we choose MASS
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Select Manual Mesh and mesh the two Line for
Spring No. of Division = 1 this is to get Natural
Frequency as Dinesh said. (we can enter another
numbers but this won’t give us Natural Frequency)
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Mesh remaining Lines No.
of Division = 10
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Mesh – Keypoints : Select All keypoints except at
ground and at the end of spring. This is important
to make a relationship between analysis of Shell
(Floor) and Beam.
You will get this
Mesh – Lines : pick Line by
Line (each Line) but don’t
use the command (Pick All)
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Apply Displacement
constraint on keypoints
at ground only, All DOF
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Apply self-weight (depending on Mass) :
Structural – Inertia – Gravity – Global, then
enter (9.81) with Y-axis
Yes
Until now we complete first
stage of our work of drawing
Natural Frequency, we must
press Finish before we enter
the next stage.
In the previous examples we analyze as a Static (means
any geometry with static load), so when we want to post to
next stage such as Modal , we have to finish our work as a
Static (like we just done) then introduce to choosing the
Modal, (same procedure must done if we want another
types in the window below)

Static : Any shape with static loads. Modal : Any shape with self-weight and natural frequency. Harmonic : Any shape with external force. Transient : Any shape analysis with respect to time. Spectrum : Any shape with respect to crack propagation.

Analysis Options : this window for setup motion of frequency like
up and down (all these options for choosing the shape of
..
there is no solution select (PCG Lanczos) they give same work.
frequency) and where it should affect
select (Block Lanczos) if
Enter 10 for example, means the No. of Nodes
that expose to the extraction of Frequency
Enter 10, means the No. of Nodes
that expose to the expansion of
Frequency
Pick Yes
Pick OK
Frequency start from 0 unit
Frequency end at 10 units
Select To unity for better frequency as Dinesh said
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Pick OK
Pick (First Set)
nothing happen but
the Ansys
understands that we
the first set of
NODES in the
drawing, means
first motion how
it’s look like.
First Set give us the
following deformation
Pick (Next Set)
nothing happen but
the Ansys
understands that we
the next set of
NODES in the
drawing, means
next motion how
it’s look like.
And so-on, but for better
and real view activate the
Animation, and you will see
the real Natural Frequency.
TimeHist Postpro: from
appearing window we can
setup a graphs like between
Time and Distance.
For example select DOF
solution with X-axis
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I select this keypoint
Drag this window and
select any keypoints or any
element in the drawing.
Pick OK
Pick Graph Data, means
the change of Distance with
Time for this keypoint.
You can see here the Time
always appear, and below
is the chosen type for graph
Note: since we are in Modal study
then we can graph Time with
Deformation only (UX, UY and
UZ), when enter to Harmonic we
can graph with Stress, as Dinesh
This is like scientific calculator if
you need it to solve any equation
you can use it, and (maybe solved
equation can used in the graph) as
Dinesh said.