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Design of Two-Way Slab (S1)

1.0 Design Criteria


This calculation is for the design of the slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db

12

mm

fy

275

Mpa

20

mm

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Computation of Slab Thickness


2.1 Moment Coefficients for Two Way Slab
2.2 Slab Thickness
Consider Panel F as Critical Panel
Short Span
Long Span
Min t = [2 * (S + L)] / 180

S
L

=
=

4.56
m
5.00
m
Min t =
0.106222 mm
Min t must not be less than 90 mm
try t =
125
mm

3.0 Load Computations (consider 1 m strip)


3.1 Weight of slab

tS * Unit Wt. Concrete * 1.4

Thickness of slab

WS

3.42

tS

0.125

kN/m2
m

Grade 40

3.2 Dead Load


SDL =

SDL * 1.4

LL =

LL * 1.7

2.450

kN/m2

3.400

kN/m2

WT

9.270

kN/m2

MU

13.686

kN-m

SDL

3.3 Live Load


LL

3.2 Total Loads


W T = S of Loads
4.0 Analysis
4.1 Maximum Moment Computation
MU =
CMAX * W T * SMAX2 * 1 m
4.3 Check t considering flexure
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

13.6857237
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

b
t
d
d

=
=
=
=

1000
125
99.0
87.0

Width
Thickness
Effective depth

4.3.1 Computation of w
MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 =
w =
w =

mm
mm
mm
mm use
w

0.097055
1.591558
0.103357

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

0.103357

4.3.2 Computation of rREQ


rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.005091

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.00778

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.027969

SAFE

t = 125mm is safe for Flexure


4.4 Check for Shear
Design Constants
Total Weight
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

W
f'c
fy
f

=
=
=
=

9.270
20.7
275
0.85

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for shear)

Width
Height
Effective depth

b
h
dS

=
=
=

1000
125
99.0

mm
mm
mm

dL

87.0

mm

Consider Short Span


4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * 1 m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)

Vs

14.0904 kN

Actual VC

0.167444 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453

4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Actual V is less than allowable V,


t = 125 mm is safe for shear
Consider Long Span
4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * [(3 - m2) / 2] * 1m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)

Vs

15.2758 kN

Actual VC

0.206569 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453

4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Actual V is less than allowable V,


t = 125 mm is safe for shear
Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

5.0 Computation for Spacing


Design Constants :
Total Load
Conc. Comp. Strength f'c
Rebar Yield Strength, fy
Reduction Factor F
Reduction Factor b1
One-meter strip, b
Slab Thickness, tS

9.27
20.7
275
0.90
0.85
1000
125

Using 12mm dia. Bar, AS

113.10

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
for flexure
mm
mm
mm2

PANEL A

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.057

10.9871303

0.0624758

0.004702725

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.0300929

0.002265176

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466792

0.003513669

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609

0.005258621

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005258621

457.500047

225

0.24720727

0.24

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348925

0.002626453

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521845

0.003928068

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL B

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848

0.00393562

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257265

0.0019365

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388966

0.002927852

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326

0.004368276

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097

0.002198694

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.043492

0.003273761

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL C

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848

0.00393562

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257265

0.0019365

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388966

0.002927852

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326

0.004368276

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097

0.002198694

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.043492

0.003273761

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL D

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.057

10.9871303

0.0624758

0.004702725

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.0300929

0.002265176

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466792

0.003513669

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609

0.005258621

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005258621

457.500047

225

0.24720727

0.24

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348925

0.002626453

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521845

0.003928068

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL E

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL F

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.025

4.925174175

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.047432

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0356788

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL G

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL H

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL I

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL J

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

PANEL K

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

dS

0.375

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL L

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL M

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL N

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL O

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.025

4.925174175

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.047432

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0356788

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL P

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL Q

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149

0.003742179

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.024482

0.001842826

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.0370003

0.00278511

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.526336175

0.0551701

0.004152805

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938

0.002092118

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657

0.003113713

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL R

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162

0.003102456

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171

0.033

6.057782775

0.025

4.589229375

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002312163

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.0441076

0.003320103

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0331955

0.002498712

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL S

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162

0.003102456

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331955

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002312163

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003320103

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002498712

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL T

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149

0.003742179

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.024482

0.001842826

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.0370003

0.00278511

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.526336175

0.0551701

0.004152805

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938

0.002092118

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657

0.003113713

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL U

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.057

11.42511278

0.0650697

0.004897974

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.0313155

0.002357204

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485965

0.00365799

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727764

0.005478075

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005478075

476.5925113

225

0.23730406

0.23

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145

0.002733494

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543359

0.00409001

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL V

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544405

0.004097885

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687

0.002014954

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.040486

0.00304749

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604347

0.004549085

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957

0.00228797

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452746

0.003407943

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL W

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544405

0.004097885

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687

0.002014954

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.040486

0.00304749

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604347

0.004549085

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957

0.00228797

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452746

0.003407943

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL X

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.057

11.42511278

0.0650697

0.004897974

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.0313155

0.002357204

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485965

0.00365799

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727764

0.005478075

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005478075

476.5925113

225

0.23730406

0.23

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145

0.002733494

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543359

0.00409001

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

Design of Two-Way Slab (S1)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the slab S1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

20.7

Mpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter

db

12

mm

fy

275

Mpa

20

mm

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover

2.0 Computation of Slab Thickness


2.1 Moment Coefficients for Two Way Slab
2.2 Slab Thickness
Consider Panel F as Critical Panel
Short Span
Long Span
Min t = [2 * (S + L)] / 180

S
L

=
=

5.00
m
6.91
m
Min t =
0.132333 mm
Min t must not be less than 90 mm
try t =
125
mm

3.0 Load Computations (consider 1 m strip)


3.1 Weight of slab

tS * Unit Wt. Concrete * 1.4

Thickness of slab

WS

3.42

tS

0.125

kN/m2
m

Grade 40

3.2 Dead Load


SDL =

SDL * 1.4

LL =

LL * 1.7

2.450

kN/m2

3.400

kN/m2

WT

9.270

kN/m2

MU

16.454

kN-m

SDL

3.3 Live Load


LL

3.2 Total Loads


W T = S of Loads
4.0 Analysis
4.1 Maximum Moment Computation
MU =
CMAX * W T * SMAX2 * 1 m
4.3 Check t considering flexure
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

16.45425
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

b
t
d
d

=
=
=
=

1000
125
99.0
87.0

Width
Thickness
Effective depth

4.3.1 Computation of w
MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 =
w =
w =

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

mm
mm
mm
mm use
w

0.116688
1.568851
0.126065

0.126065

4.3.2 Computation of rREQ


rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.005091

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.009489

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.027969

SAFE

t = 125mm is safe for Flexure


4.4 Check for Shear
Design Constants
Total Weight
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

W
f'c
fy
f

=
=
=
=

9.270
20.7
275
0.85

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for shear)

Width
Height
Effective depth

b
h
dS

=
=
=

1000
125
99.0

mm
mm
mm

dL

87.0

mm

Consider Short Span


4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * 1 m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)

Vs

15.45

kN

Actual VC

0.183601 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453

4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Actual V is less than allowable V,


t = 125 mm is safe for shear
Consider Long Span
4.4.1 Computation of VS
Vs = W * S / 3 * [(3 - m2) / 2] * 1m
4.4.2 Computation of Actual V
Actual VC = VS / (.85 * b * d)

Vs

19.13034 kN

Actual VC

0.258693 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453

4.4.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

Actual V is less than allowable V,


t = 125 mm is safe for shear
Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

5.0 Computation for Spacing


Design Constants :
Total Load
Conc. Comp. Strength f'c
Rebar Yield Strength, fy
Reduction Factor F
Reduction Factor b1
One-meter strip, b
Slab Thickness, tS

9.27
20.7
275
0.90
0.85
1000
125

Using 12mm dia. Bar, AS

113.10

kN/m2
Mpa
Mpa
for flexure
mm
mm
mm2

PANEL A

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.057

10.9871303

0.0624758

0.004702725

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.0300929

0.002265176

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466792

0.003513669

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609

0.005258621

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005258621

457.500047

225

0.24720727

0.24

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348925

0.002626453

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521845

0.003928068

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL B

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848

0.00393562

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257265

0.0019365

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388966

0.002927852

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326

0.004368276

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097

0.002198694

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.043492

0.003273761

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL C

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.252320256

0.0522848

0.00393562

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.024

4.626160128

0.0257265

0.0019365

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.939240192

0.0388966

0.002927852

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.903023552

0.0580326

0.004368276

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.56

0.021

4.047890112

0.0292097

0.002198694

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.975456832

0.043492

0.003273761

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL D

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.057

10.9871303

0.0624758

0.004702725

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.56

0.028

5.397186816

0.0300929

0.002265176

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.288536896

0.0466792

0.003513669

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.445076928

0.0698609

0.005258621

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005258621

457.500047

225

0.24720727

0.24

4.56

0.025

4.8189168

0.0348925

0.002626453

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.131996864

0.0521845

0.003928068

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL E

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL F

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.025

4.925174175

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.047432

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0356788

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL G

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL H

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL I

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL J

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

PANEL K

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

dS

0.375

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL L

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL M

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL N

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.047432

0.025

4.925174175

0.0356788

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL O

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.88027868

0.0443164

0.003335819

0.030

5.91020901

0.0330112

0.033

6.501229911

0.025

4.925174175

4.61

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.61

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002484845

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.047432

0.003570334

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0356788

0.002685639

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL P

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.456334416

0.0534765

0.004025321

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.61

0.024

4.728167208

0.0263028

0.001979884

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.092250812

0.0397754

0.002994

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.077285647

0.0593604

0.004468221

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.61

0.021

4.137146307

0.0298655

0.00224806

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.107215977

0.0444775

0.003347946

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL Q

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149

0.003742179

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.024482

0.001842826

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.0370003

0.00278511

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.526336175

0.0551701

0.004152805

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938

0.002092118

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657

0.003113713

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL R

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162

0.003102456

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171

0.033

6.057782775

0.025

4.589229375

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002312163

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.0441076

0.003320103

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.0331955

0.002498712

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL S

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.040

7.342767

0.0412162

0.003102456

0.030

5.50707525

0.0307171

0.033

6.057782775

0.0441076

0.025

4.589229375

0.0331955

4.45

dS

99

Long Span
S

4.45

dL

87

Adopted S
in m

USE

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.002312163

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

0.003320103

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

0.002498712

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL T

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

8.8113204

0.0497149

0.003742179

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.45

0.024

4.4056602

0.024482

0.001842826

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

6.6084903

0.0370003

0.00278511

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

7.526336175

0.0551701

0.004152805

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.45

0.021

3.854952675

0.0277938

0.002092118

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

5.690644425

0.0413657

0.003113713

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL U

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.057

11.42511278

0.0650697

0.004897974

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.0313155

0.002357204

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485965

0.00365799

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727764

0.005478075

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005478075

476.5925113

225

0.23730406

0.23

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145

0.002733494

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543359

0.00409001

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL V

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544405

0.004097885

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687

0.002014954

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.040486

0.00304749

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604347

0.004549085

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957

0.00228797

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452746

0.003407943

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.
PANEL W

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

0.048

9.6211476

0.0544405

0.004097885

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

0.375

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.024

4.8105738

0.0267687

0.002014954

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.036

7.2158607

0.040486

0.00304749

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.041

8.218063575

0.0604347

0.004549085

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

4.65

0.021

4.209252075

0.0303957

0.00228797

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.031

6.213657825

0.0452746

0.003407943

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

PANEL X

MU = C * W * S2 * 1

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

Short Span

rMIN =
1.4 / fy

rMAX

USE

AREQ = r * b * d

ASMIN =
Computed
S in m
.0018 * b * t

Adopted S
in m

0.057

11.42511278

0.0650697

0.004897974

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

4.65

0.028

5.6123361

0.0313155

0.002357204

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

dS

99

0.043

8.618944725

0.0485965

0.00365799

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

504

225

0.22439948

0.22

Long Span

0.049

9.821588175

0.0727764

0.005478075

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005478075

476.5925113

225

0.23730406

0.23

4.65

0.025

5.011014375

0.0363145

0.002733494

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

dL

87

0.037

7.416301275

0.0543359

0.00409001

0.00509 0.02796919

0.005090909

442.9090909

225

0.25535113

0.25

SMAX = 3 * tS
SMAX =
Use 10 mm dia. At 125 mm O.C.

0.375

Design of Continuous Beam B-1 (250 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the slab B1 of the proposed two-storey residential unit

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db

16

mm

fy

275

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
1.2.2 Live Loads
Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

40

mm

WL

17.15

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
5.12
5.17
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

WL

16.84

kN/m

tL
S

=
=

0.125
4.550

m
m

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span 13

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span

Grade 40

Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

L
wL

=
=

5.120
4.20

m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m

10.05

kN/m

Wb

2.31

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

5.12
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

36.307

kN/m

WL

17.20

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
3.17
5.24
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

6.30

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

5.78

kN/m2

16.28

kN/m

WL

10.51

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.900
3.170
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

WT

27.710

kN/m

2.1 Span 46
2.1.1 Load P due to PC-1
Distance of P from 3
Distance of P from 6

PPC1
a
b

=
=
=

162.41
2.520
4.040

kN
m
m

2.1.1 Load P due to 2B-4


Distance of P from 3

P2B-4
a

=
=

87.83
3.880

kN
m

= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 13

2
2

W T = S of Loads
2.2 Span 34

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 13


W T = S of Loads

Distance of P from 6

2.660

WL

13.00

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
3.880
5.170
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m

10.05

kN/m

WL

13.62

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.900
6.560
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

WT

26.621

kN/m

WL

12.92

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.900
4.970
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

WL

13.87

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.120
3.100
5.820
4.03

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

9.88

kN/m2

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3
2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading
Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 36


W T = S of Loads

2
2

2.1 Span 68

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}
2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading
Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam

Wb

2.31

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

4.97
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

29.097

kN/m

Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span 68
W T = S of Loads

3.0 Analysis
A

170.10
4.65 m

37.49 kN/m
1

5.12

90.95

1.4 m

2.67 m

29.88 kN/m
3

3.17

6.56

30.04 kN/m
m

4.97 m

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


See FEM Computation

Moment Due to Earthquake


MD
= (MV + MEQ) * .75

VMAX

85.58

kN

134.91

kN-m

3.2 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment
Moment Due to Loads

MV

MEQ

kN-m

MD

101.1852 kN-m

MU

Positive Moment

135.96

3.3 Negative Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Width
Height
Effective depth

MU
f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

134.91
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
352.0

mm
mm
mm

3.3.1 Computation of w

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.233786
w = 1.414853
w = 0.280062
3.3.2 Computation of rREQ

0.280062

kN-m

USE

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0211

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1855.131 mm2

As = p * db2 / 4

As

201.0619 mm2

n = AREQ / As

10

Use

10 nos.

Singly Reinforced

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

of 16 mm dia.

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Width
Height
Effective depth

MU
f'c
fy

b1

=
=
=
=
=

135.96
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
352.0

mm
mm
mm

3.4.1 Computation of w

0.282777

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0213

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1873.113 mm2

As = p * db2 / 4

As

201.0619 mm2

n = AREQ / As

10

Use

10 nos.

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.235599
w = 1.412139
w = 0.282777
3.4.2 Computation of rREQ

Singly Reinforced

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

of 16 mm dia.

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX
f'c
fy
f

=
=
=
=

85.58
20.7
275
0.85

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

250
400
352.0
10.0
78.5398163

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

kN
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for shear)
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)

VU

75.33778 KN

Actual VC

1.00719 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453 Mpa

SACTUAL

739.2415 mm

SALLOWABLE

3.5.2 Computation of Actual V


Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
3.5.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c
3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)
SALLOWABLE = d / 2

176

mm

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200 mm O.C."

Design of Steel Beam SB-2


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the continuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed
2-Storey Residence with Penthouse
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

2.0 Analysis
A

170.10
4.65 m

37.49 kN/m
1

5.12 m

90.95

1.4 m

E
2.67 m

29.88 kN/m
3

3.17

6.56

30.04 kN/m
m

4.97 m

3.1 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment

MU

3.2 Design of Beam


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D

93.3944923 kN-m
163.944 Mpa

93.39449232 kN-m

SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

569,673.13 mm3

629,000.00 mm3

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W16 x 26
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

Fbactual

148.4809

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

FIXED END MOMENT COMPUTATIONS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM B-1


1.0 Compute K = 1 / L
Span Length 13
Span Length 34
Span Length 46
Span Length 68
1.1

K13 = K31 = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

=
=
=
=

b
d

5.12
3.17
6.56
4.97

m
m
m
m

=
=
=

0.000208
0.200 m
0.400 m

1.2

K34 = K43 = I / L

0.315457

1.3

K46 = K64 = I / L

0.152439

1.3

K68 = K86 = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000215
0.200 m
0.400 m

KC1(GROUND TO 2ND) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GROUND TO SECOND)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000183
0.200 m
0.400 m
5.830 m

KC2(GROUND TO 2ND) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GROUND TO SECOND)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000183
0.200 m
0.400 m
5.830 m

KC1(2ND TO ROOF) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2nd to Roof)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000333
0.200 m
0.400 m
3.200 m

KC2(2ND TO ROOF) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2nd to Roof)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000333
0.200 m
0.400 m
3.200 m

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

2.0 Compute DF
2.1

Joint 1
SK1
DF1A

= K1A + K1B + K13


= K1A / SK1

SK1
DF1A

0.000574

0.318606

= K1B / SK1
= K13 / SK1

DF1B

0.318606

DF13

0.362788

= K31 + K3C + K3D + K34


= K31 / SK3

SK3
DF31

0.316032

0.000659

DF3C

0.000579

DF3D

= K3C / SK3
= K3D / SK3

DF3D

0.000579

DF34

= K34 / SK3

DF34

0.998183

Joint 4
SK4
DF43

= K43 + K46
= K43 / SK4

SK4
DF43

0.468

0.674203

DF46

= K46 / SK4

DF46

0.325797

DF1B
DF13
2.2

Joint 3
SK3
DF31
DF3C

0.1

2.3

Joint 6
SK6
DF63

= K63 / SK6

SK6
DF63

0.15302

0.996206

= K6E / SK6
= K6F / SK6

DF6E

0.001196

DF6F

DF6F

0.001196

DF68

= K68 / SK6

DF68

0.001403

= K86 + K8G + K8H


= K86 / SK8

SK8
DF86

0.000881

0.243531

DF8G

= K8G / SK8

DF8G

0.378234

DF8H

= K8H / SK8

DF8H

0.378234

WT

36.31

kN/m

5.12

DF6E

2.3

= K63 + K6E + K6F + K68

Joint 8
SK8
DF86

3.0 Compute Fixed End Moment


3.1

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 13


Total Loads

37.49 kN/m
5.12 m

L13

FEM31

WT

Span Length 13

FEM31
3.2

= (W T * L132 / 12)

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 34


Total Loads

79.31377 kN-m

27.71

kN/m

3.17

28.08 kN/m
3.17 m

L34

FEM34

23.20438 kN-m

WT

26.62121 kN/m

P1

162.41

kN

P2

87.83

kN

Span Length 34

FEM34
3.2

= (W T * L132 / 12)

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 36


Total Loads
Load P1 due to B2
Load P2 due to B2
87.83

162.41
4.65 m

1.4 m

kN
2.7 m

27.55 kN/m
3

6.56 m

Span Length 36
Distance of P1 from Support 3

L36

6.56

a136

2.52

Distance of P1 from Support 6

b136

4.04

Distance of P2 from Support 3

a236

3.88

Distance of P2 from Support 6

b236

2.66

= (W T * L362 / 12) +

FEM36

FEM36

FEM32

306.7225 kN-m

(P1 * a136 * b136 / L36 ) + ((P2 * a236 * b236 / L236 )


= (W T * L632 / 12) +

FEM63

(P1 *
3.2

2
a136

* b136 /

2
L36 )

+ ((P2 *

2
a236

274.0179 kN-m

* b236 / L236 )

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span 34


Total Loads

WT

26.62

kN/m

4.97

27.55 kN/m
4.97 m

L46

FEM64

Span Length 46

= (W T * L642 / 12) +

FEM64

59.89393 kN-m

4.0 Maximum Shear and Moment Computation


4.1 Compute Moment at Supports using FEM Method
3

MEMBERS
DF
FEM
BAL
COM
BAL
COM

JOINT

1A
1B
0.319
0.319
-79.314
25.270
25.270
-0.018
0.006
0.006
-0.036

13
0.363
-79.314
28.774
-0.018
0.007
-0.036

31
0.001
79.314
-0.037
14.387
-0.072
0.003

3C
3D
0.001
0.001
56.109
-0.032
-0.032
109.962
-0.064
-0.064
-19.369

34
43
46
63
0.998
0.674
0.326
0.996
-23.204
23.204 -306.723 274.018
-56.007 191.1489 92.3692 -213.312
95.574
-28.004 -106.656 46.185
-109.762 90.7879 43.8716 -38.744
-19.372 -54.881 -19.372 -54.881

6E
6F
0.001
0.001
214.124
-0.256
-0.256
38.892
-0.047
-0.047
-54.863

68
0.001
-59.894
-0.300
-7.293
-0.055
0.018

86
0.244
59.894
-14.586
-0.150
0.037
-0.027

8G
8H
0.378
0.378
59.894
-22.654 -22.654
-0.150
0.057
0.057
-0.027

BAL
COM
BAL
FEM

0.012
0.012
0.006
-0.002
-0.002
25.285
25.285

0.013
0.006
-0.002
-50.571

0.013
0.007
-0.018
93.596

0.011
0.011
27.334
-0.016
-0.016
-0.101
-0.101

19.333
27.327
-27.284
-93.394

0.066
0.066
9.670
-0.012
-0.012
-0.248
-0.248

0.077
0.003
-0.014
-67.457

0.007
0.038
-0.009
45.203

0.010
0.010
0.038
-0.015
-0.015
-22.601 -22.601

4.2

50.0615 24.1913
9.667
27.327
-24.9414 -12.0525
257.044 -257.044

Isolate Span 46
Total Loads
Load P due to B-5

54.654
9.667
-9.633
67.954

WT
P

67.457 kN-m

=
=

29.10

kN/m
kN
-45.203 kN-m

30.04 kN/m
4

72.30655 kN

22.66793 kN
RA = 94.97448 kN

4.97 m

112.660

72.307

RB =

kN

-22.6679 kN
49.639 kN

Span Length 46

L46

4.97

Distance of P from Support A

aAB

Distance of P from Support B

bAB

RB

RB

72.307

kN

kN

= (W T * LAB / 2)

4.2.1 Shear Computation


VAL

VAL

VAR

85.5800 kN

VBL

VBL

-78.770

kN

VBR

VBR

0.0000

kN

VAR

4.2.2 Moment Computation

MAB

MAB

-67.457

kN-m

M0

M1

11.33

kN-m

MBA

MBA

45.203

kN-m

Design of Steel Beam SB-1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the continuous beam SB-3 of the 2nd Floor for the proposed
2-Storey Residence with Penthouse
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

248.4

Mpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam

Fy

2.0 Analysis
A

170.10
4.65 m

37.49 kN/m
1

5.12 m

90.95

1.4 m

E
2.67 m

29.88 kN/m
3

3.17

6.56

30.04 kN/m
m

4.97 m

3.1 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment

MU

3.2 Design of Beam


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D

257.043505 kN-m
163.944 Mpa

257.0435052 kN-m

SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

1,567,873.82 mm3

3,343,000.00 mm3

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W18 x 106
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

Fbactual

76.8901

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE

Design of Continuous Beam B-2 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-1 of the proposed 2-storey residential

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db

16

mm

fy

275

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
1.2.2 Live Loads
Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

40

mm

WL

14.34

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
4.28
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

Grade 40

2.1.3 Weight of beam

Wb

3.36

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

2.45
0.250
0.400
0.400

m
m
m
m

WT

17.698

kN/m

PB-4
a
b

=
=
=

153.45
1.84
2.07

kN/m
m
m

WL

14.34

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
4.28
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m

WL

13.07

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
3.90
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m

Wb

2.31

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

3.91
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

16.648

kN/m

WL

10.72

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
3.20
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB
W T = S of Loads
2.1 Span BC
2.1.1 Load P due to B4
Distance of P from B
Distance of P from C

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3
2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading
Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span BC

W T = S of Loads
2.1 Span CD

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m

WL

10.54

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.860
3.200
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Wb

2.31

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

3.20
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

23.575

kN/m

WL

9.72

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.90
5.82
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m

WL

9.72

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.90
6.64
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

2.1.3 Weight of beam

Wb

2.31

kN/m

Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam

LS
b
h

=
=
=

2.90
0.250
0.400

m
m
m

= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3
2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading
Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span CD

W T = S of Loads
2.1 Span DE

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3
2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading
Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

Depth of Beam less slab


Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4

0.275

WT

21.740

kN/m

PB-4
a
b

=
=
=

153.45
2.33
1.90

kN
m
m

WL

8.36

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
1.75
4.570
4.20

m
m
m
2
kN/m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Wb

2.31

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

4.23
0.250
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

10.674

kN/m

WL

8.36

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
1.75
4.570
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Wb

3.36

kN/m

LS
b

=
=

2.66
0.250

m
m

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span DE


W T = S of Loads
2.2 Span EF
2.1.1 Load P due to B4
Distance of P from E
Distance of P from F

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span EF
W T = S of Loads
2.2 Span FG

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam

Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span FG
W T = S of Loads

3.0 Analysis

h
d

=
=

0.400
0.400

m
m

WT

11.724

kN/m

2.45 m

16.20 kN/m
B

3
2.07 m

3.91

16.68 kN/m

156.80 kN
1.84 m

3.20 m

15.22 kN/m

2.90 m

17.97 kN/m

.m

0.00 kN
.m

10

4.23 m

28.97 kN/m

12

11

2.66 m

15.94 kN/m

14

13

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


See FEM Computation

VMAX

3.2 Maximum Moment Computation


Negative Moment
Moment Due to Loads
Moment Due to Earthquake
MD
= (MV + MEQ) * .75

109.7772 kN

MV

MEQ

kN-m

MD

69.0872 kN-m

MU

92.862

Positive Moment

92.12

kN-m

USE

kN-m

3.3 Negative Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Width
Height
Effective depth

MU
f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

92.12
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for flexure)

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
360.0

mm
mm
mm

3.3.1 Computation of w

0.169574

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0128

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1148.787 mm2

As = p * db2 / 4

As

201.0619 mm2

n = AREQ / As

Use

6 nos.

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.152608
w = 1.525341
w = 0.169574
3.3.2 Computation of rREQ

Singly Reinforced

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy

=
=
=
=

92.862
20.7
275
0.90

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for flexure)

of 16 mm dia.

Width
Height
Effective depth

b1

0.85

b
h
d

=
=
=

250
400
360.0

3.4.1 Computation of w

mm
mm
mm
w

0.17112

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0129

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1159.263 mm2

As = p * db2 / 4

As

201.0619 mm2

n = AREQ / As

Use

6 nos.

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.153844
w = 1.523795
w =
0.17112
3.4.2 Computation of rREQ

Singly Reinforced

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

of 16 mm dia.

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX
f'c
fy
f

=
=
=
=

109.777186
20.7
275
0.85

kN
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for shear)

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

250
400
360.0
12.0
113.097336

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)

VU

101.2902 KN

Actual VC

1.324055 Mpa

3.5.2 Computation of Actual V


Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
3.5.3 Allowable VC

Allow VC = .17 * f'c


3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)

Allow VC

0.773453 Mpa

SACTUAL

451.8948 mm

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 200 mm O.C."

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

FIXED END MOMENT COMPUTATIONS FOR CONTINUOUS BEAM B-2


1.0 Compute K = 1 / L
Span Length AB
Span Length BC
Span Length CD
Span Length DE
Span Length EF
Span Length FG
1.1

=
=
=
=
=
=

2.45
3.91
3.20
2.90
4.23
2.66

m
m
m
m
m
m

KAB = KBA = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000544
0.250
m
0.400
m

KBC = KCB = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000341
0.250
m
0.400
m

KCD = KDC = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000417
0.250
m
0.400
m

KDE = KED = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.00046
0.250
m
0.400
m

KEF = KFE = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000315
0.250
m
0.400
m

KFG = KGF = I / L
Base of Beam
Depth of Beam

b
d

=
=
=

0.000501
0.250
m
0.400
m

KC1(GF TO 2F) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (GF to 2F)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000274
0.300
m
0.400
m
5.830
m

KC2(GF TO 2F) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (2F to Attic)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.000274
0.300
m
0.400
m
5.830
m

KC1(2F TO ATTIC) = I / L
Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (Attic to Roof)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.0005
0.300
0.400
3.200

m
m
m

1.10 KC2(2F TO ATTIC) = I / L


Base of Column
Depth of Column
Height of Column (Attic to Roof)

b
d
L

=
=
=
=

0.0005
0.300
0.400
3.200

m
m
m

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2.0 Compute DF
2.1

Joint A

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.3

SKA

= KA1 + KA2 + KAB

SKA

0.001319

DFA1

= KA1 / SKA

DFA1

0.379173

DFA2

= KA2 / SKA

DFA2

0.208122

DFAB

= KAB / SKA

DFAB

0.412705

SKB

0.00166

Joint B
SKB

= KBA + KB3 + KB4 + KBC

DFBA

= KBA / SKB

DFBA

0.327908

DFB3

= KB3 / SKB

DFB3

0.301265

DFB4

= KB4 / SKB

DFB4

0.16536

DFBC

= KA"C / SKA"

DFBC

0.205467

Joint C
SKC

SKC

0.001532

DFCB

= KCB / SKC

DFCB

0.222572

DFC5

= KC5 / SKC

DFC5

0.326346

DFC6

= KC6 / SKC

DFC6

0.179127

DFCD

= KCD / SKC

DFCD

0.271955

Joint D
SKD

= KCB + KB4 + KB5 + KCD

SKD

0.001651

DFDC

= KDC / SKD

DFDC

0.252391

DFD7

= KD7 / SKD

DFD7

0.302869

DFD8

= KD8 / SKD

DFD8

0.16624

DFDE

= KDE / SKD

DFDE

0.2785

Joint E
SKE

= KDC + KD7 + KD8 + KDE

SKE

0.002

DFED

0.296737

= KE9 / SKE

DFE9

0.322701

= KE10 / SKE

DFE10

0.177126

= KEF / SKE

DFEF

0.203436

= KED + KE9 + KE10 + KEF

DFED

= KED / SKE

DFE9
DFE10
DFEF
Joint F
SKF

SKF

0.002

= KFE / SKF

DFFE

0.198132

= KF11 / SKF

DFF11

0.314287

DFF12

= KF12 / SKF

DFF12

0.172507

DFFG

= KFG / SKF

DFFG

0.315074

SKG

0.001276

DFFE
DFF11

Joint G
SKG

= KFE + KF11 + KF12 + KFG

= KCA" + KG13 + KG14

DFGF

= KGF / SKG

DFGF

0.392925

DFG13

= KG13 / SKG

DFG13

0.391943

DFG14

= KG14 / SKG

DFG14

0.215132

3.0 Compute Fixed End Moment


3.1

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span AB


Total Loads

WT

17.70

kN/m

2.45

19.37kN/m
A

2.45 m

Span Length AB

3.2

LAB

FEMAB

= (W T * LAB2 / 12)

FEMAB

8.852687 kN-m

FEMBA

= (W T * LAB2 / 12)

FEMBA

8.852687 kN-m

WT
P

=
=

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span BC


Total Loads
Load P due to B4
153.45 kN
1.84 m

16.65
153.45

kN/m
kN

2.07 m

18.11 kN/m
B

3.91 m

Span Length BC

LBC

3.91

Distance of Load P from B

aBC

1.84

Distance of Load P from C

bBC

2.07

FEMBC

100.3467 kN-m

FEMCB

91.55372 kN-m

WT

FEMBC

= (W T * LBC2 / 12)
(P * aBC *

FEMCB

bBC2

LBC2)

= (W T * LBC2 / 12)
(P * aBC2 * bBC / LBC2)

3.3

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span CD


Total Loads

23.57

kN/m

3.20

25.28 kN/m
C

Span Length CD

3.20 m

LCD

FEMCD

= (W T * LCD2 / 12)

FEMCD

20.11725 kN-m

FEMDC

= (W T * LCD2 / 12)

FEMDC

20.11725 kN-m

3.4

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span DE


Total Loads

WT

21.74

kN/m

2.90

23.38 kN/m
D

2.90 m

Span Length DE

3.5

LDE

FEMDE

= (W T * LDE2 / 12)

FEMDE

15.23612 kN-m

FEMED

= (W T * LDE2 / 12)

FEMED

15.23612 kN-m

WT
P

=
=

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span EF


Total Loads
Load P due to PC-2
153.45
2.33 m

10.67
153.45

kN/m
kN

1.90 m

11.93 kN/m
E

3.6

4.23 m

Span Length EF

LAB

4.23

Distance of Load P from E

aAA"

2.33

Distance of Load P from F

bAA"

1.90

FEMEF

= (W T * LEF2 / 12)

FEMEF

88.05246 kN-m

FEMFE

= (W T * LEF2 / 12)

FEMFE

104.3782 kN-m

WT

Compute Fixed End Moment for Span FG


Total Loads

11.72

kN/m

2.66

13.19 kN/m
E

Span Length FG

2.66 m

LFG

FEMFG

= (W T * LFG2 / 12)

FEMFG

6.912814 kN-m

FEMGF

= (W T * LFG2 / 12)

FEMGF

6.912814 kN-m

BC

CB

C5

C6

CD

DC

D7

D8

DE

ED

E9

E10

EF

FE

F11

F12

FG

GF

F13

G
F14

0.000 0.000
0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
-2.739 -1.280 4.242 39.514 29.539 16.214 -85.266 83.622 -26.399 -14.490 -42.733 7.935 -1.419 -0.779 -5.737 39.250 26.824 14.723 -80.797 92.116 -32.863 -18.038 -41.216 -4.716 3.045

BAL
FEM

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000

0.000 0.000
0.001
0.000 0.000
0.000
0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.001 0.001
0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000

0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000 0.000 0.000


0.002
0.002
0.000 -0.001 0.000
0.000
0.000

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.006 0.005 0.003


0.000
0.003 0.000
0.003
-0.001 0.000 -0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000
-0.001
0.000 -0.001
0.000

BAL
COM
BAL
COM

0.004
0.000
0.000
0.000

-0.003 -0.003 -0.002


0.034
0.034
-0.013 -0.013 -0.007
0.000
0.000
-0.003 -0.005 -0.003
-0.017
-0.017
0.003 0.005 0.003
-0.001
-0.001
-0.034
0.000
-0.002
0.000

0.024 -0.049 -0.054 -0.029


0.012
0.000 0.012
0.000 -0.004 -0.004 -0.002
0.000
0.000 0.000

0.022 0.026 0.014


-0.001
-0.001
0.000 0.000 0.000
-0.005
-0.005

-0.005 0.000 -0.005 0.108 0.100 0.055 0.068 -0.002 -0.003 -0.001 -0.002
0.000
0.034
-0.002 0.034
-0.004
0.054 -0.003
0.054
-0.021 0.000 -0.022 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 -0.008 -0.011 -0.006 -0.009
0.000
0.000
-0.007 0.000
-0.018
0.001 -0.011
0.001

BAL
COM
BAL
COM

0.000
1.671

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000


0.002
0.000 0.002
0.000 -0.001 -0.001 0.000
0.000
0.000 0.000

-0.005
0.000
0.005
0.000

0.629
0.000 0.629
1.051
0.000 1.051
0.031 -0.208 -0.330 -0.181 -0.331 -0.247 -0.247 -0.135
0.008
0.000 0.008
0.015
0.000 0.015

-0.152
0.000 -0.152
0.333 0.045 0.049 0.027
0.166
0.000 0.166

-1.194
0.000 -1.194
0.629
3.017 0.629
-0.079
1.004 -3.095
1.004
-0.381 0.000 -0.414 0.026 0.024 0.013 0.016 -0.140 -0.205 -0.113 -0.171 0.301 0.362 0.199
-0.086
0.000 -0.086
0.008
-0.124 0.008
-0.331
0.013 -0.207
0.013

0.328 0.301 0.165 0.205 0.223 0.326 0.179 0.272 0.252 0.303 0.166 0.279 0.297 0.323 0.177 0.203 0.198 0.314 0.173 0.315 0.393 0.392 0.215
6.913
-6.913 6.913
97.465
-88.052 104.378
-72.816
-15.236 15.236
4.881
-20.117 20.117
71.436
-100.347 91.554
-91.494
8.853
30.002 27.564 15.129 18.799 -15.900 -23.313 -12.796 -19.428 -1.232 -1.478 -0.811 -1.359 21.607 23.498 12.898 14.814 -19.311 -30.632 -16.813 -30.709 -2.716 -2.709 -1.487
-15.354
-1.358 -15.354
6.049
-9.655 7.407
-10.335
10.804 -0.680
1.090
-0.616 -9.714
8.784
-7.950 9.399
-6.123
1.827
2.008 1.845 1.013 1.258 -1.955 -2.866 -1.573 -2.389 -0.275 -0.330 -0.181 -0.304 3.067 3.335 1.831 2.103 -1.198 -1.901 -1.043 -1.906 6.033 6.018 3.303

B4

0.413
-8.853
3.654
15.001
-6.191

B3

BA

AB

COM
BAL
COM

A2

0.379 0.208
-8.853
3.357 1.842
15.001
-5.688 -3.122

A1

DF
FEM
BAL
COM
BAL

MEMBERS

JOINT

4.0 Maximum Shear and Moment Computation


4.1 Compute Moment at Supports using FEM Method

4.2

Isolate Span EF
Total Loads
Load P due toFB-2
153.45
2.33 m

80.797 kN-m

1.90

WT
P
kN

=
=

10.67
153.45

kN/m
kN

92.116 kN-m

11.93 kN/m
E

91.502

4.23 m

kN

-2.67584 kN
RB = 88.82628 kN

11.319

107.101 kN

2.675843 kN
RC = 109.777 kN

Span Length EF

LEF

4.23

Distance of Load P from E

aEF

2.33

Distance of Load P from F

bEF

1.90

RE

= (W T * LBC / 2)

RE

91.502

kN

RF

= (W T * LBC / 2)

RF

107.101 kN

VEL

VER

88.8263 kN

V1L

V1L

65.2700 kN

V1R

V1R

-91.5300 kN

VEL

VEL

-109.777 kN

VER

VER

0.0000

kN

4.2.1 Shear Computation


VEL
VER

4.2.2 Moment Computation


MEF

kN

MBC

-80.797

kN-m

M1

M1

103.18

kN-m

MFE

MCB

-92.116

kN-m

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db

16

mm

fy

275

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
1.2.2 Live Loads
Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

40

mm

WL

10.48

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.85
3.20
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

3.43

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

11.03

kN/m2

2.0 Load Computations


2.2 Span AB

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading

WL

8.57

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.07
2.850
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

Wb

1.848

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

3.50
0.200
0.400
0.275

m
m
m
m

WT

20.899

kN/m

R1

36.57352 kN

VMAX

36.57352 kN

MU

32.00183 kN-m

Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB
W T = S of Loads

3.0 Analysis
20.8992 kN/m
3.50

R1 = 36.574 kN
3.1 Maximum Shear Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = W T * LS / 2
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
2

MU = W T * L S / 8

3.4 Positive Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

MU
f'c
fy

b1

=
=
=
=
=

32.001832
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

b
h
d

=
=
=

200
400
352.0

Width
Height
Effective depth

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 40)
(for flexure)

mm
mm
mm

3.4.1 Computation of w

0.072412

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0055

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

575.5865 mm2

As = p * db2 / 4

As

201.0619 mm2

n = AREQ / As

Use

3 nos.

MU = bd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.069318
w = 1.622504
w = 0.072412
3.4.2 Computation of rREQ

Singly Reinforced

3.3.3 Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

of 16 mm

3.5 Check for Shear


Design Constants
Maximum Shear
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

VMAX
f'c
fy
f

=
=
=
=

36.5735222
20.7
275
0.85

kN
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for shear)

b
h
d

Av

=
=
=
=
=

200
400
360.0
10.0
78.5398163

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

Width
Height
Effective depth
Stirrups

3.5.1 Computation of VU
VU = VMAX - (W T * d)

VU

36.57352 KN

Actual VC

0.597607 Mpa

Allow VC

0.773453 Mpa

SACTUAL

1228.254 mm

3.5.2 Computation of Actual V


Actual VC = VU / (.85 * b * d)
3.5.3 Allowable VC
Allow VC = .17 * f'c
3.5.4 Computation for Stirrups
SACTUAL = Av * fy / ((VC - V) * b)

SALLOWABLE = d / 2

SALLOWABLE

180

mm

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 130 mm O.C."

Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical

(Gr. 40)

Singly Reinforced

dia.

"Use 10mm Stirrups @ 130 mm O.C."

DESIGN OF COLUMN C1 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the planted column PC1 of the proposed 2-storey House with Attic
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db1

16

mm

fy

414

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered
1.2.2 Live Load
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

75

LAB

7.00

Span BC

LBC

3.00

Span 34

L45

4.65

Span 45

L56

4.14

Base C1 Exterior Column

bC1

0.20

Depth C1 Exterior Column

dC1

0.40

Base B1

bB1

0.20

Effective Depth B1

dB1

0.40

Base B2

bB2

Effective Depth B2

dB2

Base SB1

bB2

Effective Depth SB1

dB2

1.2.2 Design Data


Span AB

mm

(Gr. 60)

H2nd-Deck

3.20

tS1

0.125

21.98

m2

13.44

kN

11.81

kN

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

53.84

kN

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

74.72

kN

8.60

kN

Height from Second Floor to Attic


Thickness S1
2.0 Load Computation on Column C1

2.1 Deck Floor: Trib. Area = [(L34 + L45) / 2] * [(LAB + LBC) / 2]


2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LAB + LBC) /
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (L34 + L45) /
2 * 1.4

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1 = Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-D * 1.4
2.1.7 Total Loads at Deck

PU1

162.41

kN

2.2 Total Loads for Column C1

PU

162.41

kN

3.0 Analysis
Deck Floor

Deck Floor
P1
MU

=
=

MEQ
MD

=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m
=
47.31 kN-m
=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m

MU
MEQ
MD
Second Flr

PU1

129.84 kN
47.31 kN-m

138.24 kN

P1
MU

=
=

MEQ
MD

=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m
=
47.31 kN-m
=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m

MU
MEQ
MD
Second Flr

PU1

129.84 kN
47.31 kN-m

138.24 kN

MU

MEQ
MD

=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m
=
47.31 kN-m
=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m

MU
MEQ
MD
Second Flr

PU1

47.31 kN-m

MU

MEQ
MD

=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m
=
47.31 kN-m
=
kN-m
= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75
=
35.48 kN-m

MU
MEQ
MD

138.24 kN

Second Flr

Longitudinal

PU1

47.31 kN-m

138.24 kN

Transverse

0.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

162.41

kN

Design Moment

MD

46.70

kN-m

Conc. Comp. Strength

fC'

20.7

Mpa

Rebar Yield Strength


Reduction Factor

fy
f
b1
AG

=
=
=
=

414
0.70
0.85
80000

Mpa

n1

Base

bC1

200

mm

Depth

hC1

400

mm

Effective Depth

dC1

325

AG

= bC1 * dC1
16 mm dia.

No. Of Steel Bars

200

mm

0.003
E S'

mm2

C1

(Gr. 60)

C2

C - 75
400 mm

d - (a / 2)

d - d'

`
EY
MU1

MU2

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * p * db2 / 4
3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

804.25

mm2

89.18

mm

=
=

75.80
266.74

mm
kN

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * ES'
= 600 * [(C-75) - C]
ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'
168.15 C
3.7730912 C2 +
=
45000
C
=
89.1761
C
=
-133.74
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = b 1C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b

3.1.4 Computation of C2
fS' = 600 * [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]
3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y
3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity
MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]
MCAP = 0.70 * MINT

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


rG = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * f * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - rG) +

95.38

Mpa

62.56

kN

329.30

kN

332.96

kN

92.22

kN-m

83.00
SAFE

kN-m

rG

0.020106 > 1%
< 8%

PU

1145.32 kN

(rGfy)]
SAFE
3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties
Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

S
S
S

=
=
=

256
480
400

mm
mm
mm

DESIGN OF COLUMN C1 (250 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Column C1 for the proposed two storey residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db1

20

mm

fy

275

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered
1.2.2 Live Load
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

75

LCE

5.17

Span EH

LEH

4.55

Span 13

L13

5.12

Span 36

L36

8.72

Base C2 Interior Column

bC1

0.25

Depth C2 Interior Column

dC1

0.40

Base B1

bB1

0.25

Effective Depth B1

dB1

0.40

Base B2

bB2

0.20

Effective Depth B2

dB2

0.40

Height from Ground Floor to 2nd Floor

HG-2

5.83

1.2.2 Design Data


Span CE

mm

Grade 40

Height from 2nd Floor to Roof

H2-3

3.20

Thickness S1

tS1

0.125

33.63

m2

13.06

kN

23.25

kN

10.75

kN

47.07

kN

33.63

m2

141.25

kN

13.06

kN

23.25

kN

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

82.40

kN

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

114.35

kN

19.59

kN

PU1

427.53

kN

PU

474.60

kN

2.0 Load Computation on Column C1


2.1 Roof: Trib. Area = [(LCE + LEH) / 2] * [(L13 + L36) / 2]
2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B2
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * (LCE + LEH)
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (L13 + L36)
/ 2 * 1.4
2.1.6 Column
Column C1 = Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-R * 1.4
2.1.7 Total Loads at Roof

PU1

2.2 2nd: Trib. Area = [(LCD + LBC) / 2] * [(L34 + L46) / 2]


2.1.1 Slabs
S1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * tS1 * Trib. Area * 1.4

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LBD + LDE)
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * (L34 + L46)
/ 2 * 1.4

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1 = Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * HG-2 * 1.4
2.1.7 Total Loads at 4th Floor

2.3 Total Loads for Column C1

3.0 Analysis
Roof

Roof
P1

36.31 kN

P1

36.31 kN

MU

93.73 kN-m

MU

93.73 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MU

70.29 kN-m

93.73 kN-m

MU

70.29 kN-m

93.73 kN-m

Roof

Roof

2nd Floor

Ground Floor

P1

36.31 kN

P1

36.31 kN

MU

93.73 kN-m

MU

93.73 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

70.29 kN-m

70.29 kN-m

MU

93.73 kN-m

MU

93.73 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

70.29 kN-m

PU1

47.07 kN
466.78 kN

2nd Floor

70.29 kN-m

PU1

47.07 kN
466.78 kN

P2

P2

MU

93.73 kN-m

MU

93.73 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

MD

MU

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
70.29 kN-m
=
93.73 kN-m

MU

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
70.29 kN-m
=
93.73 kN-m

MEQ

MEQ

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
70.29 kN-m
=
486.37 kN

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
70.29 kN-m
=
486.37 kN

PU2

kN-m

Ground Floor

Longitudinal

PU2

kN-m

Transverse

3.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

474.60

Design Moment

kN

MD

0.19

kN-m

Conc. Comp. Strength

fC'

20.7

Mpa

Rebar Yield Strength


Reduction Factor

fy
f
b1
AG

=
=
=
=

275
0.70
0.85
100000

Mpa

AG

= bC3 * dC3
16 mm dia.

mm2

n1

12

Base

bC1

250

mm

Depth

hC1

400

mm

Effective Depth

dC1

325

No. Of Steel Bars

250

mm

Grade 40

0.003
ES'

C1

C2

C - 75
400 mm

d - (a / 2)

`
EY

d - d'

250

mm

0.003
ES'

C1

C2

C - 75
400 mm

d - (a / 2)

d - d'

`
EY
MU1

MU2

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * p * db2 / 4

3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

1206.37 mm2

80.38

mm

=
=

68.32
300.52

mm
kN

40.13

Mpa

27.18

kN

327.70

kN

331.75

kN

94.20
SAFE

kN-m

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * ES'
= 600 * [(C-75) - C]
ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'
307.15 C
3.1442427 C2 +
=
45000
C
=
80.3757
C
=
-178.06
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = b 1C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b
3.1.4 Computation of C2
fS' = 600 * [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]
3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y
3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity
MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


rG = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * f * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - rG) +

rG

0.024127 > 1%
< 8%

PU

1333.11 kN

(rGfy)]
SAFE
3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties
Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

S
S
S

=
=
=

256
480
250

mm
mm
mm

Design of Isolated Square Footing 1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey
residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings (Acoustical Fiber Board)
Floor Finishes (Cement Finish on Stone Concrete Fill)
Electrical Fixtures
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24.00
0.05
1.53
0.40
2.00

kN/m
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

20.7

Mpa

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter (Main & Temperature)

db

16

mm

fy

275

Mpa

75

mm

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover
2.0 Load Computations
2.1 Column C2: 0.40 x 0.40 (Column A)
Dead Load Computations

PDLA

257.32

kN

Live Load Computations

PLLA

63.53

kN

Total Load on Column A

PTA

320.85

kN

2.2 Weight of Footing


Assumed Weight of Footing = 10% of PT

Grade 40

3.0 Analysis
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Soil Bearing Capacity

f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.90
0.85

Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

SBC

144

kN/m

3.1 Compute Area Required


AREQ'D
= (PT1 + PT2) * 1.12 / SBC

AREQ'D

2.45

m2

3.2 Compute the Footing Dimensions


Assume B = 2 / 3 * L
L = AREQ'D

1.60

1.60

PUA

468.24

kN

qU

182.91

qU

0.0183

kN/m
kN/m

B = AREQ'D
3.3 Compute Ultimate Soil Pressure in kN/m
PU = (PDL * 1.4) + (PLL * 1.7)
qU = PU / (B * L)
qU = qU * B
3.4 Check d = 496 mm for Beam Shear
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
d

20.7
275
0.85
200.00

=
=
=
=

Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for shear)
mm

3.4.1 Transverse Direction


B = 1.60 m

(L - a - 2d) / 2

d
a=

0.3

m
L = 1.60 m

(L - a - 2d) / 2

VU = qU * B * (L - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / (f * B * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

Actual VU

0.4842

Mpa

Allow VC

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

131.6933 kN

3.4.2 Longitudinal Direction


B = 1.60 m

a=

0.3

m
L = 1.60 m

(B - a - 2d) / 2

VU = qU * L * (B - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / (f * L * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

(B - a - 2d) / 2

VU

131.6933 kN

Actual VU

0.484166 Mpa

Allow VC

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

3.5 Check d = 496 mm for Moment


3.5.1 Transverse

(B - a) / 2

(B - a) / 2

qU =

MU = qU * L * [(B - a) / 2] * [(B - a) / 2]

MU

182.91 kN/m2

61.82268 kN-m

Design of Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
MU
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

61.82
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

=
=

1600
200.0

mm
mm

b
d

Computation of w

0.053542

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

USE

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0040

SAFE

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

2117.82 mm2

As = p * d2 / 4

As

201.06

n = AREQ / As

11

Use

11 nos.

0.15

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
2
w - 0.59w = 0.051851
w = 1.641373
w = 0.053542
Computation of rREQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

S = [L - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)

mm

of 16 mm dia.
m O.C.

3.5.2 Longitudinal

(L - a) / 2

(L - a) / 2

182.91 kN/m2

qU =

MU = qU * B * [(L - a) / 2] * [(L - a) / 2]

MU

61.82268 kN-m

Design of Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
MU
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

61.82
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

=
=

1600
200.0

mm
mm

b
d

Computation of w

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.051851
w = 1.641373
w = 0.053542

0.053542

Computation of rREQ
rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

USE

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0040

SAFE

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

2117.82 mm2

As = p * d2 / 4

As

201.06

n = AREQ / As

11

Use

11 nos.

0.15

Min, t

299.00

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

S = [B - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)
3.5.3 Minimum Thickness, t
d + (1.5 * dB) + C

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

mm2

of 16 mm dia.
m O.C.

mm

DESIGN OF COLUMN C2 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Column C2 for the proposed two storey residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75
3.45

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

f'c

20.7

Mpa

db1

20

mm

fy

275

Mpa

ES

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
Minimum Design Load for Hollow Concrete Masonry Unit
Two faces plastered
1.2.2 Live Load
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength
1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter
Reinforcing bar Yield strength
Modulus of Elasticity
1.3.3 Concrete Cover

200,000 Mpa

75

LAB

2.45

Span BC'

LBC'

3.90

Span 46

L46

6.64

Span 69

L69

5.82

Base C2 Exterior Column

bC2

0.20

Depth C2 Exterior Column

dC2

0.40

Base B1

bB1

0.25

Effective Depth B1

dB1

0.40

Base B2

bB2

0.20

Effective Depth B2

dB2

0.40

Height from Ground Floor to 2nd Floor

HG-2

5.83

1.2.2 Design Data


Span AB

mm

Grade 40

Height from 2nd Floor to Roof

H2-3

3.20

Thickness S1

tS1

0.125

16.22

m2

10.67

kN

7.82

kN

8.60

kN

27.09

kN

16.22

m2

68.11

kN

10.67

kN

7.82

kN

2.1.4 Super-Imposed Dead Load


SDL
= SDL * Tributary Area * 1.4

39.73

kN

2.1.5 Live Load


LL

55.13

kN

15.67

kN

PU1

213.34

kN

PU

240.43

kN

2.0 Load Computation on Column C1


2.1 Roof: Trib. Area = [(LAB / 2) * (L46 / 2)] +
{(LBC' / 2) * [(L46 + L69)/ 2]}
2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LAB + LBC')
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * L69
/ 2 * 1.4
2.1.6 Column
Column C1 = Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * H2-R * 1.4
2.1.7 Total Loads at Roof

PU1

2.2 2nd: Trib. Area = [(LAB / 2) * (L46 / 2)] +


{(LBC' / 2) * [(L46 + L69)/ 2]}
2.1.1 Slabs
S1

= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * tS1 * Trib. Area * 1.4

2.1.2 Beams
Along Transverse Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB1 * dB1 * (LBD + LDE)
/ 2 * 1.4
Along Longitudinal Direction
B1
= Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bB2 * dB2 * L13
/ 2 * 1.4

= LL * Tributary Area * 1.7

2.1.6 Column
Column C1 = Unit Wt. Of Conc. * bC1 * dC1 * HG-2 * 1.4
2.1.7 Total Loads at 4th Floor

2.3 Total Loads for Column C1


3.0 Analysis
Roof

Roof
P1

P1

MU

22.13 kN-m

MU

22.13 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

139.87 kN

16.60 kN-m

16.60 kN-m

MU

11.96 kN-m

MU

11.96 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

=
2nd Floor

139.87 kN

PU1

8.97 kN-m
147.94 kN

=
2nd Floor

PU1

8.97 kN-m
147.94 kN

MU

22.13 kN-m

MU

22.13 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

16.60 kN-m

16.60 kN-m

MU

11.96 kN-m

MU

11.96 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75

=
2nd Floor

Ground Floor

8.97 kN-m

PU1

147.94 kN
382.40 kN

=
2nd Floor

8.97 kN-m

PU1

147.94 kN
382.40 kN

P2

P2

MU

11.96 kN-m

MU

11.96 kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MEQ

kN-m

MD

MD

MU

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
8.97 kN-m
=
11.96 kN-m

MU

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
8.97 kN-m
=
11.96 kN-m

MEQ

MEQ

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
8.97 kN-m
=
396.76 kN

MD

= (MU + MEQ) * 0.75


=
8.97 kN-m
=
396.76 kN

PU2

kN-m

Ground Floor

Longitudinal

PU2

kN-m

Transverse

3.1 Footing to Second Floor


Design Constants
Total Loads for Column C1

PU

240.43

kN

Design Moment

MD

32.86

kN-m

Conc. Comp. Strength

fC'

20.7

Mpa

Rebar Yield Strength


Reduction Factor

fy
f
b1
AG

=
=
=
=

275
0.70
0.85
80000

Mpa

AG

= bC3 * dC3
16 mm dia.

mm2

n1

Base

bC1

200

mm

Depth

hC1

400

mm

Effective Depth

dC1

325

No. Of Steel Bars

250

mm

Grade 40

0.003
ES'

C1

C2

C - 75
400 mm

d - (a / 2)

d - d'

`
EY
MU1

MU2

400 mm

d - (a / 2)

d - d'

`
EY
MU1

MU2

3.1.1 Computation of AS
AS = AS' = n * p * db2 / 4
3.1.2 Computation of C
From Strain Diagram

C
ES'
C - 75

804.25

mm2

75.84

mm

=
=

64.47
226.86

mm
kN

6.68

Mpa

-8.78

kN

218.09

kN

221.17

kN

64.22
SAFE

kN-m

0.003
C

ES' = .003 * [(C-75) - C]


f S' = ES * ES'
= 600 * [(C-75) - C]
ASfy = .85 * fC' * [0.85 * c * b - AS'] + AS' * fS'
307.15 C
3.7730912 C2 +
=
45000
C
=
75.8446
C
=
-157.25
3.1.3 Computation of C1
a = b 1C
C1 = .85 * fC' * a * b
3.1.4 Computation of C2
fS' = 600 * [(C-75) - C]
C2 = AS' [fS' - (.85 * fC')]
3.1.5 Computation of T
T = C1 + C2
T = AS * f Y
3.1.6 Computation of Moment Capacity
MINT = [C1 * (d - a / 2)] * [C2 * (d - d')]

3.1.7 Consider Axial Load


rG = AS / AG

PU = 0.80 * f * AG [.85 * f'c * (1 - rG) +

rG

0.020106 > 1%
< 8%

PU

1020.12 kN

(rGfy)]
SAFE
3.1.8 Design the Lateral Ties
Using 10 mm dia. Lateral Ties, Spacing "S"
S = 16 * Longitudinal Bar Diameter
S = 48 * Lateral Tie Bar Diameter
S = Least Column Size

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

S
S
S

=
=
=

256
480
200

mm
mm
mm

Design of Isolated Square Footing 1


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the Isolated Square Footing F-1 for the proposed two storey
residential unit
1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings (Acoustical Fiber Board)
Floor Finishes (Cement Finish on Stone Concrete Fill)
Electrical Fixtures
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24.00
0.05
1.53
0.40
2.00

kN/m
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.00

Kpa

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Concrete
Concrete Compressive Strength

f'c

20.7

Mpa

1.3.2 Steel
Rebar Diameter (Main & Temperature)

db

16

mm

fy

275

Mpa

75

mm

Reinforcing bar Yield strength


1.3.3 Concrete Cover
2.0 Load Computations
2.1 Column C2: 0.40 x 0.40 (Column A)
Dead Load Computations

PDLA

132.36

kN

Live Load Computations

PLLA

32.43

kN

Total Load on Column A

PTA

164.79

kN

2.2 Weight of Footing


Assumed Weight of Footing = 10% of PT

Grade 40

3.0 Analysis
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor

Soil Bearing Capacity

f'c
fy
f
b1

=
=
=
=

20.7
275
0.90
0.85

Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

SBC

144

kN/m

3.1 Compute Area Required


AREQ'D
= (PT1 + PT2) * 1.12 / SBC

AREQ'D

1.26

m2

3.2 Compute the Footing Dimensions


Assume B = 2 / 3 * L
L = AREQ'D

1.20

1.20

PUA

240.43

kN

qU

166.97

qU

0.0167

kN/m
kN/m

B = AREQ'D
3.3 Compute Ultimate Soil Pressure in kN/m
PU = (PDL * 1.4) + (PLL * 1.7)
qU = PU / (B * L)
qU = qU * B
3.4 Check d = 496 mm for Beam Shear
Design Constants
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
d

20.7
275
0.85
200.00

=
=
=
=

Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for shear)
mm

3.4.1 Transverse Direction


B = 1.20 m

(L - a - 2d) / 2

d
a=

0.3

m
L = 1.20 m

(L - a - 2d) / 2

VU = qU * B * (L - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / (f * B * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

VU

50.0904 kN

Actual VU

0.2455

Mpa

Allow VC

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

3.4.2 Longitudinal Direction


B = 1.20 m

a=

0.3

m
L = 1.20 m

(B - a - 2d) / 2

VU = qU * L * (B - a - 2d) / 2
Actual VC = Vu / (f * L * d)
Allow VC = .17 * f'c

(B - a - 2d) / 2

VU

50.09043 kN

Actual VU

0.245541 Mpa

Allow VC

0.7735
SAFE

Mpa

3.5 Check d = 496 mm for Moment


3.5.1 Transverse

(B - a) / 2

(B - a) / 2

qU =

MU = qU * L * [(B - a) / 2] * [(B - a) / 2]

MU

166.97 kN/m2

20.28663 kN-m

Design of Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
MU
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

20.29
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa Grade 40
(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

=
=

1200
200.0

mm
mm

b
d

Computation of w

0.022998

rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

USE

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0017

SAFE

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1710.55 mm2

As = p * d2 / 4

As

201.06

n = AREQ / As

Use

9 nos.

0.13

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
2
w - 0.59w = 0.022686
w = 1.671917
w = 0.022998
Computation of rREQ

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

S = [L - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)

mm

of 16 mm dia.
m O.C.

3.5.2 Longitudinal

(L - a) / 2

(L - a) / 2

166.97 kN/m2

qU =

MU = qU * B * [(L - a) / 2] * [(L - a) / 2]

MU

20.28663 kN-m

Design of Steel Reinforcement


Design Constants
MU
Ultimate Moment
Conc. Comp. Strength
f'c
fy
Rebar Yield Strength
Reduction factor
f
b1

=
=
=
=
=

20.29
20.7
275
0.90
0.85

kN-m
Mpa
Mpa (Gr. 60)
(for flexure)

Width
Effective depth

=
=

1200
200.0

mm
mm

b
d

Computation of w

MU = fbd2f'cw(1-0.59w)
w - 0.59w2 = 0.022686
w = 1.671917
w = 0.022998

0.022998

Computation of rREQ
rMIN = 1.4 / fy

rMIN

0.0051

USE

rREQ = w * f'c / fy

rREQ

0.0017

SAFE

rMAX = f*[0.85 * b 1 * f'c / fy] [600 / (600+fy)]

rMAX

0.0280

AREQ

1710.55 mm2

As = p * d2 / 4

As

201.06

n = AREQ / As

Use

9 nos.

0.13

Min, t

299.00

Computation No. of Steel Bars


AREQ = r * b * d

S = [B - (2 * Concrete Cover)] / (n - 1)
3.5.3 Minimum Thickness, t
d + (1.5 * dB) + C

Prepared By:

Engr. Jose J. Oriola, Jr.


Civil Engineer - Lic. No.

mm2

of 16 mm dia.
m O.C.

mm

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (200 mm x 400 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residence

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m3
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

Fy

248.4

Mpa

PB-2
a
b

=
=
=

WL

16.24

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
4.00
5.270
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m2

WL

10.54

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.86
3.200
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight


Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)
1.2.2 Live Loads
Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam
2.0 Load Computations
2.2 Span AB
2.1.1 Load P due to B-2
Distance of P from A
Distance of P from B

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4

Total Load
Load W L

= LL * 1.7
= wL + wDL + wLL

28.404747 kN/m
2.07
m
3.20
m

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7

Total Load
Load W L

10.05

kN/m2

WT

26.785

kN/m

= wL + wDL + wLL
2

= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L) ] / 2}

2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB


W T = S of Loads

3.0 Analysis
28.405 kN
2.07 m

3.20 m

26.785 kN/m
5.27

R1 = 81.736 kN
3.1 Maximum Shear Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = (W T * LS / 2) + (P * b / L)
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load

R1

VMAX

87.8262

87.8262

kN

kN

81.735619

MU

128.68989 kN-m

MU = (W T * LS2 / 8) + (P * a * b / L)
3.2 Design of Beam
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

128.689886 kN-m
163.944 Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

784,962.46 mm3

851,160.00 mm3

151.1935 Mpa

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W12 x 40
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

Fbactual

SECTION IS SAFE

Design of Isolated Beam B-3 (150 mm x 300 mm)


1.0 Design Criteria
This calculation is for the design of the beam B-3 of the proposed 2-storey Residential

1.1 Specifications
1.1.1 Design References
National Structural Code of the Philippines, Volume I - Buildings, Tower, and Other Vertical
Structures Fifth Edition 2001
1.1.2 Design Aids
Microsoft Excel
1.2 Design Loads
1.2.1 Dead Loads
Reinforced Concrete Unit Weight
Ceilings
Floor Finishes
Movable Partitions
Super-Imposed Dead Load (Total)

=
=
=
=
=

24
0.25
0.50
1.00
1.75

kN/m
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa
Kpa

2.0

Kpa

Fy

248.4

Mpa

WL

10.48

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.85
3.20
4.20

m
m
m

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

3.43

kN/m2

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m

11.03

kN/m

1.2.2 Live Loads


Second Floor
1.3 Materials Property
1.3.1 Steel I-Beam
Minimum Yield Stress of I-Beam
2.0 Load Computations
2.2 Span AB

2.1.2 Due to Triangular Loading


Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W*S/3

kN/m

2.1.1 Due to Trapezoidal Loading

WL

8.57

kN/m

tL
S
L
wL

=
=
=
=

0.125
2.07
2.850
4.20

m
m
m
kN/m2

Dead Load = DL * 1.4

wDL

2.45

kN/m

Live Load

wLL

3.40

kN/m2

10.05

kN/m

Wb

0.882

kN/m

LS
b
h
d

=
=
=
=

2.85
0.150
0.300
0.175

m
m
m
m

WT

19.933

kN/m

R1

VMAX

28.404747 kN

MU

20.238382 kN-m

Thickness of Slab
Short Span
Long Span
Slab Load = tS * Unit Wt. Of Conc. * 1.4
= LL * 1.7
Total Load = wL + wDL + wLL
Load W L
= W * S / 3 * {[3 - (S / L)2] / 2}

2.1.3 Weight of beam


Span Length
Base of Beam
Height of Beam
Depth of Beam less slab
Wt. Beam =
Unit Wt. Of Conc. * b * d * 1.4
2.1.4 Total Weight Carried by Span AB

W T = S of Loads

3.0 Analysis
19.9332 kN/m
2.85

R1 = 28.405 kN

28.404747

kN

3.1 Maximum Shear Computation


Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
VMAX = W T * LS / 2
3.2 Maximum Moment Computation
Simple Beam - Uniformly Distributed Load
2

MU = W T * LS / 8
3.2 Design of Beam
Design Constants
Ultimate Moment

MU

Allowable Stress

Fb

20.238382 kN-m
163.944 Mpa

3.2.1 Computation of SXREQ'D


SXREQ'D = M / Fb

SXREQ'D

123,446.92 mm3

249,280.00 mm3

3.2.2 Try Steel Member


SXSUPP = SX of W8 x 13
Fbactual = M / SXSUPP

Fbactual

81.1873

Mpa

SECTION IS SAFE