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01: COLOR CODING

Language Arts
Homework
Packet
Assignment Number
Date Assigned /
Date Due /
PAGE COMPLETE SCORE
1
2
3
4
5
TOTAL

Dan Johnson
7th grade - room 214
Clarendon @ Portsmouth K-8
phone: 503.916.5666
email: teacherjohnson@gmail.com

d. johnson, 2008 page 1


Directions
For each paragraph below, use your highlighters to decide what type of sentence each
sentence is. Then, in the space to the right, explain briefly why you think it is that color

Paragraph One _______________________________

Drums play an important role in West African _______________________________

culture. Drummers perform during parties, religious _______________________________

_______________________________
meetings, and ceremonies such as weddings and
_______________________________
funerals. West African drums are made of hollowed-
_______________________________
out logs or pieces of wood. The drums are covered
_______________________________
with animal skins. Drummers in West Africa play in _______________________________

ensembles, or groups. The ensembles include _______________________________

different types and sizes of drums, along with bells _______________________________

_______________________________
and rattles. Drumming, singing, and dancing take
_______________________________
place together in a circular formation. Sometimes
_______________________________
drum ensembles use a call-and-response style. West
_______________________________
African slaves brought their drumming traditions to _______________________________

the Americas. Over time, West African drum music _______________________________

evolved into new styles, particularly in Cuba. West _______________________________

_______________________________
African drum music and Afro-Cuban drumming are
_______________________________
now popular elements of world music while remaining
_______________________________
important in West Africa.
_______________________________

_______________________________

_______________________________

_______________________________
d. johnson, 2008 page 2
Paragraph Two _______________________________

The start of the Kamakura government marked _______________________________

the beginning of a new era in Japanese history. _______________________________

_______________________________
Increasingly, professional warriors—samurai—
_______________________________
became Japan’s ruling class. Samurai were famed
_______________________________
for their courage and skill. One young samurai told of
_______________________________
being shot in the left eye with an arrow. Plucking out _______________________________

the arrow, he used it to shoot down the enemy _______________________________

marksman. Over time, an elaborate culture and code _______________________________

_______________________________
of conduct grew up around the samurai. A samurai
_______________________________
was expected to be honest, brave, and intensely loyal
_______________________________
to his lord. In fact, the word samurai means “those
_______________________________
who serve.” The samurai code was very strict. _______________________________

Samurai often killed themselves with their own _______________________________

swords rather than “lose face” or personal honor. _______________________________

_______________________________
The samurai were more than fearless fighters. They
_______________________________
were educated in art, writing, and literature. Many
_______________________________
were devout Buddhists. Their religion helped them
_______________________________
prepare for their duties and face death bravely. _______________________________

These fearless and honest warriors served as the _______________________________

backbone of Japanese society. _______________________________

_______________________________

_______________________________

_______________________________

d. johnson, 2008 page 3


Paragraph Three _______________________________

Religion was very important to the Mayan people _______________________________

of ancient Mexico. The Mayan religion was _______________________________

_______________________________
polytheistic, which means it included many gods. In
_______________________________
fact, the Maya believed in more than 160 gods. The
_______________________________
primary Mayan gods were forces or objects in nature
_______________________________
that affected people’s daily lives, like the god of rain, _______________________________

the god of corn, and the god of death. According to _______________________________

Mayan beliefs, only priests could explain signs and _______________________________

_______________________________
lead people through rituals aimed at pleasing the
_______________________________
gods. Priests performed sacrifices and conducted
_______________________________
ceremonies. They consulted sacred books, read
_______________________________
omens, interpreted signs, and predicted the future. _______________________________

No action was taken without first honoring the gods. _______________________________

The Maya honored their gods with offerings such as _______________________________

_______________________________
plants, food, flowers, feathers, jade, and shells. The
_______________________________
Maya believed that blood gave the gods strength, so
_______________________________
they also made blood offerings by sacrificing animals
_______________________________
and, sometimes, humans. The people who were _______________________________

sacrificed were usually orphans, slaves, and nobles _______________________________

captured during war. In many ways, religions was _______________________________

_______________________________
one of the most important parts of Mayan life.
_______________________________

_______________________________

d. johnson, 2008 page 4


Directions
Now, use your understanding of the structure of a paragraph to write two paragraphs of
your own on a topic of your choice. After writing your paragraph, highlight it and give
explanations on the right. Each paragraph should be at least 6 sentences long.

My First Paragraph Explanations


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d. johnson, 2008 page 5


My Second Paragraph Explanations
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d. johnson, 2008 page 6