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Radiata Parazoa no true tissues Eumetazoa

Bilateria

Multicellularity

Image source: http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/sciences/zoology/animalclassification/Polygenetic/phylogenetictree/phylogenetictree.htm

What is a mollusk? Feeding, Respiration, Circulation,

Excretion, Response, Movement, Reproduction Chitons, Gastropods, Bivalves, Cephalopods

g-ec2.images-amazon.com

What is a mollusk?
L. molluscus, soft
Land snails: gastropods

Giant clam: bivalve Trocophore larvae

Blue-ringed octopus: cephalopod


coris.noaa.gov, content.answers.com, cache.eb.com, www-tc.pbs.org, joejaworski.files.wordpress.com,

Mollusk Body Plan


Muscular foot
Mantle Shell

Visceral mass

Gastropod anatomy

www.bio.miami.edu

Mollusk Body Plan


Muscular foot
Mantle Shell

Visceral mass

Bivalve anatomy
kentsimmons.uwinnipeg.ca

Mollusk Body Plan


Muscular foot
Mantle Shell

Visceral mass

Cephalopod anatomy

images.encarta.msn.com

Feeding and Digestion


herbivores,

Video of snail eating http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=2KjNH2_QDVs

carnivores, filter feeders, detritivores, parasites


Filter feeders:

Siphon clams, oysters, scallops Radula Jaws (octopuses, sea slugs)

Others

Giant clam siphon Snail radula

photography.nationalgeographic.com, upload.wikimedia.org

Respiration
Aquatic Gills snails, nudibranchs, clams, octopuses Terrestrial Diffusion land snails, slugs
Nudibranch Slug

en.wikipedia.org, www.marietta.edu

Circulation
Open circulatory system ex. Snails, clams Closed circulatory system ex. Squid, octopuses

designmatrix.wordpress.com

Excretion
Nephridia

en.wikipedia.org

Response
Small ganglia, few nerve

cords, simple sense organs Well-developed brains

Video of mimic octopus http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygh1-ul6E94

scoenceblogs.com

Movement
Foot over secreted mucus Jet propulsion

flickr.com

Reproduction
External fertilization
ex. snails, bivalves

Internal fertilization
ex. tentacled mollusks, some

snails

Hermaphrodites: cross-

fertilization

flickr.com, upload.wikimedia.org

Meet the Mollusks


1. Polyplacophora: poly,
many + plako, tablet + phoros, bearing

A. w/ 2 shells held together

2. Gastropoda: Gr. gaster,


stomach + podos, foot

3. Bivalvia: L. valva, section


of a folding door

4. Cephalopoda: Gr.
kephale, head

by 1-2 powerful muscles B. head is attached to a single foot w/c is divided into tentacles or arms C. shell-less/single-shelled mollusks that move using a ventral muscular foot D. marine animals w/ oval shapes and shells divided into eight dorsal plates

squid

octopus
www.underwatertimes.com, photobucket.com,

limpet

giant African land snails operculum

nathistoc.bio.uci.edu, upload.wikimedia.org, apps.caes.uga.edu, blogspot.com

clams/ halaan

mussels / tahong

photography.nationalgeographic.com, blogspot.com

Nautilus

cuttlefish

www.manandmollusc.net, www.greanpeace.org

chitons

biology.unm.edu, biology.fullerton.edu

banana slug

sea hare

sea butterfly

nudibranchs/ sea slugs


Left: Spanish shawl nudibranch Right: Sulu Sea nudibranch

upload.wikimedia.org, goldenstateimages.com, www.coastal.ca.gov, photography.nationalgeogaphic.com

oysters / talaba
upload.wikimedia.org, wordpress.com

scallops

pearls

Tridacna gigas

www.nps.edu, upload.wikimedia.org