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APG

The Allrounder
for Industrial & Institutional Applications
April 2009

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Content APG Product Overview Applications Performance Benefits
Emulsifier and Hydrotrope Potential Cleaning Performance Foaming Properties Anti-streaking Properties Gloss Retention Wetting Behavior Surface and Skin Compatibility
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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Content APG Product Overview Applications Performance Benefits
Emulsifier and Hydrotrope Potential Cleaning Performance Foaming Properties Anti-streaking Properties Gloss Retention Wetting Behavior Surface and Skin Compatibility
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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Chemical Structure
coconut / palmkern

corn, potato, wheat

coconut / palmkernel oil

starch

fatty alcohol

glucose

Alkyl Polyglucoside
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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

TM

Cognis Product Portfolio Easy Guide


Systematic Approach

100 % natural, renewable feedstocks

synthetic feedstocks

only physical purification by water/alcohol or energy

chemically processed, catalyst or reaction aids used

renewable & synthetic building blocks combined in a chemical process

chemically processed

70% naturalCbased C <70% natural based C >70% natural <70% natural C


Cognis Natural modified

Cognis Naturals

Cognis Ecohybrids

Cognis Hybrids

Cognis Synthetics

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

TM

Portfolio Easy Guide Home Care / I&I


Cognis Natural modified Cognis Ecohybrids Cognis Hybrids Cognis Synthetics

Cognis Naturals

Eumulgin VL 75 Gluadin WLM Gluadin W 40 Gluadin WK Glucopon 215 UP Glucopon 225 DK Glucopon 425 N Glucopon 600 CSUP Glucopon 650 EC Glucopon 50 G Plantatex LLE

Comperlan 100 Comperlan COD Comperlan KD Comperlan WB Dehypon G 162 Dehydol LS 2 N Dehyquart AU 46 Dehyquart AU 56 Dehyton AB 30 Euperlan PK 1200 Plantapon 611 L Plantatex HCC Sulfopon 1218 G Texapon LS 35 Texapon N 70

Aminogen CT 2 APG 325 N Araphen K 100 Dehydol LT 7 Dehydol O 4 Dehydol O 10 Dehydol 980 Dehydol HD-FC2 Dehypon LT 104 Dehypon LS 54 Dehypon LS 531 Dehyton PK 45 Deriphat 160 C Eumulgin HRE 40 Eumulgin L Eumulgin O5 Euperlan HCO

Cosmedia HC 40 Dehydran 770 Dehydran 780 Polyquart Ampho 149 Polyquart FDI Polyquart Pro Polyquart CCE

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

Alkyl Polyglucosides
Cognis Glucopon- Line for Home Care / I&I (EU Production)
Glucopon Line
Product Properties C-Chain DP (approx.) Appearance Active substance [%] Water content [%] Viscosity [mPas] pH value Storage Temperature [ C] Biodegradation (OECD 301 A-F) Compliant with EU- Detergent Regulation Laundry detergents, automatic dish detergents Automatic dish detergents, hard surface cleaners Manual dishwashing, hard surface cleaners Laundry detergents, manual dishwashing Laundry detergents, manual dishwashing 50 G C12-14 1,4 beige granules 45-55 ------< 40 C
readily

215 UP C8-10 1,5 yellowish, slightly cloudy liquid 62 - 65 35 - 38 3.000 4.000 (20 C) 11.5 - 12.5 (10%) < 40 C
readily

225 DK C8-10 1,7 brownish liquid 68 - 72 28 - 32 3.500 5.000 (20 C) 6.0 - 9.0 (10%) < 40 C
readily

425 N/HH C8-14 1,5 yellowish liquid 48 - 52 48 - 52 300 - 600 (20 C) 7.0 - 9.5 (20%) < 40 C
readily

600 CS UP C12-14 1,4 yellowish, slightly cloudy paste 50 - 53 47 - 50 2.000 4.000 (40 C) 11.5 - 12.5 (20%) < 50 C
readily

650 EC C8-14 1,5 yellowish, slightly cloudy liquid 50 - 53 47 - 50 1.500 3.000 (20 C) 11.5 - 12.5 (20%) < 40 C
readily

Main Application

I&I cleaners

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

Alkyl Polyglucosides
Cognis Glucopon- Line for Home Care / I&I (US Production)
APG
Product Properties C-Chain DP (approx.) Appearance Active substance [%] Water content [%] Viscosity [cps,25 C] pH value [10%] Storage Temperature [ C] Biodegradation (OECD 301 A-F) Compliant with EU- Detergent Regulation Qualified for Bio-based and DFE Cleangredients Hard surface cleaners Automatic dish detergents, hard surface cleaners Manual dishwashing, hard surface cleaners Laundry detergents, manual dishwashing Laundry detergents, manual dishwashing
readily readily readily

Glucopon Line
215 UP C8-10 1,5 yellowish, slightly cloudy liquid 62 65 35 38 3.000 11.5 - 12.5 225 DK C8-10 1,7 brown liquid 68 - 72 28 - 32 4.800 6.0 - 8.0 <40 C
readily readily readily

325 N C9-11 1,5 light yellow, clear liquid 48 - 52 42 - 48 4.000 7.0 - 9.5

425 N C8-14 1,5 clear liquid 48 - 52 42 - 48 550 7.0 - 9.5

600 UP C12-14 1,4 light yellow, hazy paste 48 - 52 42 - 48 18.000 11.5 - 12.5

625 UP C12-14 1,6 light yellow, hazy paste 48 - 52 42 - 48 21.500 11.5 - 12.5

Main Application

I&I cleaners

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Content APG Product Overview Applications Performance Benefits
Emulsifier and Hydrotrope Potential Cleaning Performance Foaming Properties Anti-streaking Properties Gloss Retention Wetting Behavior Surface and Skin Compatibility
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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Application Areas

Personal Care

Industrial Cleaning in Place CIP Food & Beverage Bottle Cleaning Car Wash

Institutional Hard Surface Cleaning Ware Washing Laundry Floor Cleaning

Home Care

Hair / Body / Oral Care Skin Care

Hard Surface Cleaning Dishwashing Laundry

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Application Areas
Wetting Glucopon 225 DK Hard Surface Cleaning / I&I

Glucopon 215 UP Hard Surface Cleaning / Household

Glucopon

425 N

Glucopon 650 EC Dishwash / Laundry Glucopon 600 UP Emulsifying


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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Content APG Product Overview Applications Performance Benefits
Emulsifier and Hydrotrope Potential Cleaning Performance Foaming Properties Anti-streaking Properties Gloss Retention Wetting Behavior Surface and Skin Compatibility
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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Emulsifying Capacity
Detergent & Cleaner formulations should:
Remove and emulsify soil from surfaces

Maintain the soil in solution

Carry the soil away in the washing and rinsing step

A perfect ingredient with high emulsifying capacity

Avoid soil re-deposition

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Emulsifying Capacity
Testing of emulsification properties by observation of the behaviour of different types of oil/grease and a surfactant solution.
Tested Soils 1) 2) 3) 4) Myritol 318 (Caprylic / Capric Trygliceride) Soybean Oil Olive Oil Tesco Lard*

Tested Surfactants 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Glucopon 215 UP Glucopon 600 CS UP Glucopon 650 EC Texapon N 70 Maranil A 55 Dehydol LT 7 Dehyton K (Alkyl polyglucoside C8-C10) (Alkyl polyglucoside C10-C16) (Alkyl polyglucoside C8-C14) (Sodium Laureth Sulfate) (Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate) (Fatty alcohol C12-C18 + 7 EO) (Cocoamidopropyl Betaine)
*Test Temperature 45 C

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Emulsifying Capacity
Testing of emulsification properties by observation of the behaviour of different types of oil/grease and a surfactant solution.
Test Method 50 ml of oil/grease and 50 ml of surfactant solution (2% AM in water) is mixed 1200 +/-3 rpm for 2 minutes. After 1 and 4 hours observation of the level of remaining test solution.

Principle The lower the remaining level, the better the emulsification properties of the test solution.

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Emulsifying Capacity
50 45 40 Aqueous Phase [ml] 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Myritol Soybean Oil Olive Oil Tesco Lard* 318 Glucopon 215 UP Dehyton K Glucopon 650 EC Dehydol LT 7 Myritol Soybean Oil Olive Oil Tesco Lard* 318 Glucopon 600 CS UP Texapon N 70 Maranil A 55

1h

4h

*Test Temperature 45 C

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Emulsifying Capacity

Hydrophilicity

Glucopon 215 UP C8 / C10 Glucopon 650 EC C8 / C14 Glucopon 600 UP C12 / C14

Myritol 318 C8, C10 Soybean Oil C18, C18, C18 Olive Oil Tesco Lard C18 C18

Hydrophobicity

"Equal solves equal"


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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Hydrotrope Potential
Test Conditions: Example for an alkaline cleaner containing Dehypon LS 54 Evaluation of amount of hydrotrope needed to obtain a clear solution Data for various Dehypon types available

Without Hydrotrope
5% Dehypon LS 54 10% KOH (50%)

With Hydrotrope
5% Dehypon LS 54 10% KOH (50%) 2% Glucopon 225 DK

Phase Separation

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

Clear Solution

APG for I&I Applications


Primary Cleaning Performance
Automatic Test Equipment for Primary Cleaning

Test equipment for: All Purpose Cleaner Bathroom Cleaner Glass Cleaner Kitchen Cleaner Degreaser

Soil Composition (83/21) 36% Benzine 80/110 17% Myritol 318 40% Mineral Oil (Telura 310, Esso) 7% Carbon Black (Special black 4, Degussa)

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Primary Cleaning Performance
Automatic Test Equipment for Primary Cleaning

(1) Soiling by brush

(2) Analysis of soiled surface

(3) Applying test solution

(4) Wiping with sponge 20

(5) Rinsing with water

(6) Analysis of cleaned surface

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Primary Cleaning Performance
Soil removal of single surfactants
(IPP 83/21, 20 Dosage: 20 ml) C,
100 90 80 70 Soil Removal [%] 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Glucopon Glucopon Glucopon Dehydol 215 UP 650 EC 600 UP LT 7 Texapon Texapon N 70 LS 35

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Test Conditions Trigger spray application Formulations (2% AM) were tested on ceramic tiles Evaluation of foaming behavior without rinsing and wiping the test solution. Comparative Foaming Test

Glucopon 215 UP
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Texapon N 70

Dehydol LT 7

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Test Conditions Trigger spray application Formulations (2% AM) were tested on ceramic tiles Evaluation of foaming behavior without rinsing and wiping the test solution. Comparative Foaming Test

Glucopon 215 UP

Glucopon 650 EC

Glucopon 600 UP

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Self Foaming Performance of APG derivatives
(Dynamic Foam Cell: 400ppm AM in distilled water at 20 - 55 ) C
2100 2000 1900 1800 1700 1600 total volume (min 400mL) [mL] 1500 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Temperature [ C]

starting phase/fo am

build-up

Glucopon 215 UP Glucopon 225 DK Glucopon 425 N/HH Glucopon 600 CS UP Glucopon 625 UP Glucopon 650 EC

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Foam Suppressing on APG of Dehypon Wet
Dynamic Foam Cell, 250 ppm AM in 1% NaOHaq at 65 C
2200 2000 1800 total volume (300mL V [mL] 2000mL) 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600

Dehypon Wet Blank Value - without Dehypon

Base Liquor
400 200 0 -50 50 150 250 350 450 550 650 750 850 950 1050 1150 1250 1350 1450 1550 1650 1750 1850 1950

Dosage of Glucopon 650 EC [ppm]

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Self Foaming of Glucopon 225 DK : Dehypon Wet
Dynamic Foam Cell, 500ml, 0,1% AM Solution, 20 C
2000 1800 Foam Volume + Liquor [ml] 1600 1400 100:0 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0 5 10 Time [min] 15 20 25 75:25 50:50 25:75 0:100

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Foaming Properties
Self Foaming of Glucopon 600 CS UP : Dehypon Wet
Dynamic Foam Cell, 500ml, 0,1% AM Solution, 20 C
2000 1800 Foam Volume + Liquor [ml] 1600 1400 100:0 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 0,5 1 2 5 Time [min] 10 15 20 75:25 50:50 25:75 0:100

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Anti-streaking Properties
Test Conditions: Trigger spray application. Formulations were tested on ceramic tiles. Evaluation of streaking behavior by wiping the surface after application of test solution. Comparative Anti-Streaking Test:

Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate


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Glucopon 215 UP
APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Gloss Retention
Test Conditions: Trigger spray application. Formulations were tested on ceramic tiles. Evaluation of gloss retention visually and by reflectometer (BYK Gardner) Comparative Gloss Retention Test:

Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate


(80% Gloss Retention) 29

Glucopon 215 UP
(98% Gloss retention)
APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Filming Behavior / Wetting Behavior
Test Conditions Formulations are applied by film applicator (30m thickness) Formulations were tested on ceramic tiles Evaluation of wetting behavior Comparative Filming Test

Glucopon 215 UP

FAES

SAS

FAEO

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Plastic Compatibility
Testing of Plastic Compatibility Spline / Corrosion Test According to the Hansgrohe Method Methodology The plastic test stripe, containing a stainless steal pin in a hole (tension), is dipped five days in a row shortly into the test solution. The test strip is checked visually after 4 hours 3 days 7 days and 14 days test period. Assessment Range

unchanged 31

fissures

through-cracks

fraction

APG for I & I Applications April 2009

APG for I&I Applications


Plastic Compatibility
Test Conditions: Example Plexiglas (PMMA) Other plastic materials proved (e.g. ABS Terez, PC Makrolon, Nonionic surfactants POM Hostaform, PP Novolen)
Concentration: 5% AM Plastic: Plexiglas (PMMA)

unchanged
14d 7d 3d

fissures through-cracks fraction


4h
d En 12 C 12 C 12 C G 13 C W o Is ca de no l8 EO G G c lu c lu c lu e at 4 /1 FA O 4E 4 /1 8 /1 5 /1 FA O 7E

pp ca

op

op

op

on

FA

FA O 7E

on

on

ed

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009

EO O /P

0 60

5 21

5 42

FA EO

S C

P U

H /H N

U P

APG for I&I Applications


Skin Compatibility (Modified Duhring-Chamber Test)
APG C12/14 LAS FAES SAS FAS C12/14 LAS / APG (1:1) FAES / APG (1:1) SAS / APG (1:1) FAS / APG (1:1)

100

200

300

400

Relative irritation score [%]


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APG for I&I Applications


Summary
Very good emulsifier potential Excellent cleaning performance Foaming properties of Glucopon are significantly better than FAEO Significant anti-streaking properties of Glucopon in leave-on applications High gloss retention on treated surface Excellent wetting/filming behavior of Glucopon in contrast to other surfactants Perfect plastic compatibility by showing no stress-cracking behavior Glucopon surfactants are significantly less skin irritating than comparable nonionic surfactants and when used in combination with other surfactants, they can reduce the irritation potential of the surfactant system

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APG for I & I Applications April 2009