Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Adverb rules:

1. Regular adverbs:
Adverbs in English often end in -ly. These adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of an adjective: Adjective + ly

Examples: Adjective slow Adverb slowly

beautiful beautifully careful violent Spelling rules:


carefully violently

true truly (the silent e is dropped and add ly) happy happily ( y becomes i and add ly.) possible possibly (e after a consonant is dropped and ly is added.) full fully (after ll and add y is added.) fanatic fanatically (after adjectives ending in -ic add -ally - there is an exception: public-publicly)

2. Exceptions:
However, this is not the only way to form an adverb. Many adverbs do not end in -ly. This is a list of adverbs that don't follow the rule: Adjective fast hard late early daily Adverb fast hard late early daily

Some adjectives change their form when they become adverbs: adjective good adverb well

3. Things to remember:
Many words are not adverbs although they end in -ly. Here are examples of adjectives that end in -ly.

Examples:

a kindly teacher a lonely girl an elderly person a friendly policeman

To decide whether a word is an adverb ask questions with how, where and when.

How does James speak Spanish? He speaks Spanish fluently. Where do the kids play soccer? They play soccer here. When did she write the email to her husband? She wrote the email immediately.

Forming Comparative and Superlative Adverbs


LY Adverbs.
With LY adverbs (adverbs formed from adjectives by adding -ly to the end) we form the comparative and superlative forms with more and most.

Adjective quiet careful happy


Adverb quietly carefully happily

Comparative Adverb more quietly more carefully more happily

Superlative Adverb most quietly most carefully most happily

Jeff works more quietly than Steve does. Jeff works the most quietly of all the students.

Mary drives more carefully than John does. Of the three drivers, Mary drives the most carefully. Steve works more happily than he used to. Mary sings the most happily of all the girls in the group.

Other Adverbs.
For adverbs which retain the same form as the adjective form, we add -er to form the comparative and -est to form the superlative. Adjective hard fast early

Adverb hard fast early

Comparative Adverb Superlative Adverb harder faster earlier hardest fastest earliest

Please work harder. Steve works the hardest. Mary runs faster than John does. Mary runs the fastest of all the runners on the team. Steve gets to work earlier than I do. Steve gets to work the earliest of all.

Irregular Adverbs.
Adjective good bad far

Adverb well badly far

Comparative Adverb Superlative Adverb better worse farther/further best worst farthest/furthest

John plays tennis better than Jack does. On our tennis team, John plays tennis the best. I did worse on the test than Bart did. On that test, I did the worst in the class. My paper airplane flew farther than yours did. My paper airplane flew the farthest of all.