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Test (Unit 13-16)

## Name :................................................................................................................ Paper: Physics

Date :........................................................ Code: 5054
Class: CIIB
Time Allowed: 35Minutes This document consists of 5 printed pages.
Maximum Marks: 25
Theory Section: [Total 20 Marks]
1

A student wrote the following report about an experiment to measure the speed of sound in
air.
My friend and I went into a field a long way from any buildings and measured
the distance across the field. My friend stood at one side of the field and I
stood at the other. My friend banged two pieces of wood together, and as I
saw him do this, I started a stopwatch. I stopped the stopwatch when I heard
the sound. We obtained the following readings.
distance across field = 238 m
time for sound to cross field = 0.7 s
(a) Why was it necessary to be a long way from any buildings?
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(b) Why was it necessary to use such a large distance?
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(c) Suggest what the students could have used to measure the distance across the field.
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(d) Why was there a delay between the student seeing the pieces of wood come together
and hearing the bang?
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(e) Use the readings to calculate the speed of sound.

## speed of sound = ...................................... [2]

(f)

Suggest why it might have been a good idea for the students to repeat the experiment
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[1]
[Total 7]

## Dedicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain.

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2 (a)

2
A narrow beam of red light strikes one face of a triangular prism at A, as shown in
Fig. 2.1.
screen

red light

Fig. 2.1
(i)

On Fig. 2.1, show the path of the beam until it reaches the screen.

(ii)

## What name do we use to describe what happens to the beam at A?

...................................................................................................................................
[2]
(b) The red light is replaced by a narrow beam of mixed red and violet light, as shown in
Fig. 2.2.

screen

red +
violet light

Fig. 2.2
Dedicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain.

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3
Complete Fig. 2.2 to show what happens to the red and the violet light.

[1]

(c) The beam of red and violet light is replaced by a narrow beam of white light from the
Sun. State what is now seen on the screen.
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(d) The rays from the Sun also include infra-red rays. Infra-red radiation can pass through
glass.
(i)
(ii)

On Fig. 2.2, mark with the letter X the place where infra-red radiation from the
Sun might strike the screen after passing through the prism.
Why can infra-red not be seen on the screen?
...................................................................................................................................

(iii)

## What could be used to detect the infra-red radiation?

...................................................................................................................................
[3]

[Total 7]

## Fig. 3.1 shows how an image is formed by a converging lens.

24 cm

10 cm

8cm

I
F2

F1

Fig. 3.1
(a) State the value of the focal length of the lens.
focal length = .......................................... cm [1]
(b) The object O is moved a small distance to the left.
State two things that happen to the image I.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
2. ................................................................................................................................ [2]
(c) Points F1 and F2 are marked on Fig. 3.1.
(i)

## State the name we give to these two points.

............................................................................................................................ [1]

(ii)

On Fig. 3.1, draw the ray from the top of the object which passes through F2.
[2]

## Continue your ray until it meets the image.

[Total: 6]
Dedicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain.

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## MCQ SECTION: [Total 5 Marks]

1

A VHF radio station broadcasts at a frequency of 60 MHz (6.0 107 Hz). The speed of radio
waves is 3.0 108 m / s.
What is the wavelength of the waves broadcast by the station?
A

5.0 m

2.0 m

0.5 m

0.2 m

air

60

glass
X

A
3

19.5

25.0

35.0

48.5

## A girl writes the word LEFT on a piece of card.

LEFT
She looks at the image of this card, made by reflection by a plane mirror.
What does she see?
A
B
C

## 4 A student holds a sheet of paper with letters on it facing a plane mirror.

The letters on the paper are shown.

A

## Dedicated to My Son Mohammad Irtaza Zain.

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5
5 The diagrams represent two different sound waves.
wave P
displacement

wave Q

displacement

time
time
How do the frequency and pitch of P compare with the frequency and pitch of Q?

frequency of P

pitch of P

greater than Q

higher than Q

greater than Q

same as Q

same as Q

higher than Q

same as Q

same as Q