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ABSTRAK Pengaruh Terapi Tertawa Terhadap Depresi Pada Lanjut Usia Di Banjar Nyuh KuningUbud Tahun 2012 Putu

Gede Satya Wira Kusuma, Ir. Made Sudiari, MM., Ni Komang Ayu Resiyanthi,S.Kep.,Ns Peningkatan usia harapan hidup mempunyai dampak lebih banyak terjadinya penyakit mental pada lanjut usia dan yang terbesar adalah depresi. Prevalensi depresi pada lansia di dunia berkisar 8-15%. Terapi komplementer berupa terapi tertawa dianggap dapat mengurangi depresi yang dialami oleh individu termasuk lansia. Hipotesis fisiologis menyatakan bahwa tertawa melepaskan hormon endorphin kedalam sirkulasi sehingga tubuh menjadi lebih nyaman dan rileks. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh terapi tertawa terhadap depresi pada lansia di Banjar Nyuh Kuning-Ubud tahun 2012. Jenis penelitian ini adalah pre-eksperimental dengan jenis pretest posttest group design. Sampel terdiri dari 30 orang yang dipilih dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Peneliti melakukan observasi dua kali yaitu sebelum dan sesudah diberikan terapi musik tertawa, data lalu dianalisa menggunakan uji Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 11 orang lanjut usia (36,7%) mengalami penurunan tingkat depresi. Berdasarkan uji Wilcoxon (p 0,05), didapatkan nilai signifikan 0,001 > 0.05 berarti hipotesis penelitian yang berbunyi ada pengaruh pemberian terapi tertawa terhadap depresi pada lansia di Ambarashram Banjar Nyuh Kuning-Ubud tahun 2012 diterima. Hal ini berarti terapi tertawa efektif mengatasi depresi pada usia lanjut. Kata kunci: Terapi tertawa, Depresi, Lansia

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ABSTRACT The Influence Of Laughter Therapy For Depression In Elderly At Banjar Nyuh KuningUbud In 2012 Putu Gede Satya Wira Kusuma, Ir. Made Sudiari, MM., Ni Komang Ayu Resiyanthi,S.Kep.,Ns The improvement life expectancy have more impact on the occurrence of mental illness and the largest elderly is depression. based on evidence base, depression in elderly in the world ranges from 8% until 15%. Should need Complementary therapy such as laughter therapy has thought to reduce individuals depression experienced especially the elderly. Physiological hypothesis states that laughter can release the hormone called endorphine into the circulation of the body and then becomes more comfortable and relaxed. This study aims to determine the influence of laughter therapy for depression in the elderly at Banjar Nyuh Kuning, Ubud in 2012. This research use a kind of pre-experimental group with pretest posttest design. the Samples consisted of 30 respondents who were selected using purposive sampling techniques. this Researches observed in two times, consist: before and after laughter music therapy. And then, the data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that 11 respondent (36.7%) had decreased levels of depression. Based on the Wilcoxon test (p 0.05), obtained significant value 0.001, it means that the research hypothesis is accepted, there is an influence of giving laughter therapy for depression in elderly at Ambarashram Banjar Nyuh Kuning in 2012. This means that laughter therapy is effective to the depression in the elderly. Keyword: Laughter therapy, Depression, Elderly

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