Anda di halaman 1dari 25

HDPE

HDPE The Water System of the 21 Century March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

The Water System of the 21 st Century

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

PE usage in municipal applications continues to increase- March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

PE usage in municipal applications continues to

increase-

PE usage in municipal applications continues to increase- March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN
PE usage in municipal applications continues to increase- March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Reasons for this increase will be examined in our discussion of the following topics

Identification of System Needs & Concerns • Evolution of Water Systems • Differences in Material Characteristics • Corrosion Related Issues • Installation Methods

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Identification of System Needs & Concerns

The American Society of Civil Engineering has issued a

report card on the condition of our nations municipal

infrastructures

DDDD

““America’s ““

wastewater and drinking water

systems are both quintessential examples of

aged systems that need to be updated.”

ASCE; March 2001, www.asce.org/news

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Identification of System Needs & Concerns

The growing reality of Dwindling and Strained Water Resources

Identification of System Needs & Concerns The growing reality of Dwindling and Strained Water Resources March
Identification of System Needs & Concerns The growing reality of Dwindling and Strained Water Resources March

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Identification of System Needs & Concerns

Identification of System Needs & Concerns Nation’s Water Distribution System is in serious need of repair.

Nation’s Water Distribution System is in serious need

of repair.

The report estimates that $138.4 billion (‘95 $) needs to be

spent on infrastructure to meet existing regulations through

2014.

First Report to Congress G-058, 1/97

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Identification of System Needs & Concerns

Identification of System Needs & Concerns “When distribution pipe begins to deteriorate, disinfectants are less effective

“When distribution pipe begins to deteriorate, disinfectants

are less effective in controlling microbiological growth.”

“If pressure is lost or if negative pressure is induced, contaminated water or sewage can be pulled into the system through leaks.”

Even in systems with excellent treatment, leaking pipes can lead to a loss of pressure and cause back-siphonage of contaminated water.”

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Evolution of Water Systems

Evolution of Water Systems 250,000 gallon tank, 250,000 gallon tank, gallon tank, tank, 250,000 gallon 250,000
Evolution of Water Systems 250,000 gallon tank, 250,000 gallon tank, gallon tank, tank, 250,000 gallon 250,000

250,000 gallon tank,

250,000 gallon tank,

gallon tank,

tank,

250,000 gallon

250,000

(NM, 1944)

(NM,

1944)

(NM,

(NM,

1944)

1944)

500,000 gallon tank, (Typical, today)

500,000 gallon tank, (Typical, today)

gallon tank,

500,000 gallon

500,000

tank, (Typical,

(Typical, today)

today)

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Evolution of Water Systems

wood, cast iron, spun iron, ductile iron, steel, asbestos, PVC

2000 and 2000 2000 2000 and and and Beyond Beyond Beyond Beyond
2000 and
2000
2000
2000 and
and and
Beyond
Beyond
Beyond
Beyond

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

What does HDPE offer?

Solution to water loss and water conservation

According to the AWWA 2002 “Survey of State Agency Water Loss Reporting Practices” the reported range
According to the AWWA 2002 “Survey of State Agency
Water Loss Reporting Practices” the reported range for
“unaccounted-for-water” from 23 states and 3 regional
authorities range from 7.5% to 20% with 15% being the
most common.

According to the July 1994 issue of the AWWA Opflow magazine,

a 10% to 15% reported water loss in typical municipal water systems

is considered to be the acceptable industry standard.

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

A source of water loss: Pipe Corrosion

According to NASSCO, a single hole the same diameter as this #2 pencil (approx 1/4”) in
According to NASSCO, a
single hole the same
diameter as this #2
pencil (approx 1/4”) in an 80
psi system can result in
the loss of almost 15,000
gpd, or 5.5 million gpd
A source of water loss: Pipe Corrosion According to NASSCO, a single hole the same diameter

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

It’s a loss of valuable resources!

It’s a loss of valuable resources! = Per month Eleven 500,000 gallon-towers per year March 30,

=

It’s a loss of valuable resources! = Per month Eleven 500,000 gallon-towers per year March 30,

Per month

It’s a loss of valuable resources! = Per month Eleven 500,000 gallon-towers per year March 30,

Eleven 500,000 gallon-towers per year

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Another source of water loss: deteriorated gaskets.

Joints are the weak link and most pipes are still jointed.

Another source of water loss: deteriorated gaskets. Joints are the weak link and most pipes are

100 Years Ago

Another source of water loss: deteriorated gaskets. Joints are the weak link and most pipes are

Today

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Technology: Water storage vs. pipe joining

Technology: Water storage vs. pipe joining Out of Sight – Out of Mind? March 30, 2006
Technology: Water storage vs. pipe joining Out of Sight – Out of Mind? March 30, 2006

Out of Sight – Out of Mind?

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Technology: Water storage vs. pipe joining Out of Sight – Out of Mind? March 30, 2006

Acceptable water loss in a brand new system

Nominal Pipe Size

12"

12"

12"

Test Section

50 Joints, 40' Sections

50 Joints, 20' Sections

50 Joints, 20' Sections

(2000')

(1000')

(1000')

Test Pressure

150 psi

150 psi

150 psi

 

HDPE

Ductile Iron

PVC

Type of Joint

Thermo-Fused

Push On

Bell & Spigot

Test Standard

PPI Hydrostatic Testing Procedures

AWWA C600-93 (pg 21)

AWWA C605-94 (pg 17)

Maximum Acceptable Gallon per Hour Loss

0

1.1

0.99

Maximum Acceptable Gallons per Day Loss

0

26.4

23.76

Maximum Acceptable Gallons per Year Loss

0

9,636

8,672

Published allowable leak rates

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

A totally fused HDPE system encounters gasketed joints only at the points where it transitions into other piping systems. Gaskets are all but eliminated.

No Joints = No Leaks

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Issues with Biofilm

Issues with Biofilm March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN
Issues with Biofilm March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Biofilm

Once sent into the

distribution system, the

microorganisms could adapt

to the distribution system

environment.

Extensive research has shown

that bacteria are more resistant

to disinfection when they are

attached to or associated with

various surfaces…

Biofilm sent into the distribution system, the microorganisms could adapt to the distribution system environment. Extensive

“ ….iron may be an important nutrient

for microbial growth.”

EPA 625/R-92/001 June 1992

Victoreen (1977, 1980, 1984)

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Biofilm

Biofilm and restricted flow will:

• Increase use of disinfectant

• Require larger pipe sizes

• Increase pumping costs

• Decrease water availability and quality

• Increase overall costs

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Flow Issues

Given the same conditions, HDPE or PVC can deliver the same

flow with an inside diameter that is only 92% that of DI.

HDPE can deliver the same flow as PVC but HDPE delivers it in

a totally fused leak-free system which does not have to

compensate loss of flow due to water loss.

Material

"C" Values for Hazen & Williams Formula

 

New

13-20 yrs

26-30 yrs

DI

130

100

90

HDPE

150

150

150

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Immediate Savings

Immediate savings (time & money) can be realized through the use of cost effective installation procedures

Immediate Savings Immediate savings ( time & money ) can be realized through the use of

Pipe Bursting

Immediate Savings Immediate savings ( time & money ) can be realized through the use of

Directional Drilling

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Cul-de- Sac Typically Uses 11313133 ---- 22222222 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 fittings fittings fittings fittings ====
Cul-de- Sac Typically Uses 11313133 ---- 22222222 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 fittings fittings fittings fittings ====

Cul-de- Sac

Typically Uses

11313133 ---- 22222222 1/2

1/2 1/2

1/2 oooo fittings

fittings fittings

fittings ====

22626266 gasketed

gasketed

ggasketed

asketed joints

joints

joints

joints

not including service taps

not including service

not

taps

taps

taps

not including

including service

service

HDPE Use:

Zero JJoints

Zero

Zero

Zero

Joints oints and and and and nonnonoo lleaks

Joints

leaks leaks eaks

service taps would bebebebe heat fused onononon

service taps would

service taps

service

taps would

would

heat

heat fused

heat fused

fused

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Restraining Joints A totally fused PE system is monolithic and it requires no restraints except where

Restraining Joints

Restraining Joints A totally fused PE system is monolithic and it requires no restraints except where
Restraining Joints A totally fused PE system is monolithic and it requires no restraints except where

A totally fused PE system is monolithic and it requires no restraints except where it transitions to non-PE systems

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Why should you be considering HDPE?

•PE is flexible

•PE is durable

•PE is resists chemicals and corrosion

•PE pipes are smooth and have excellent flow

characteristics

•PE pipes can be reliably joined by heat fusion

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN

Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE
PPI PPI PLASTI
PLASTICCSS
PIPE
PIPE
INSTITUTE
INSTITUTE
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006
Thank you for your attention PPI PPI PLASTI PLASTICCSS PIPE PIPE INSTITUTE INSTITUTE March 30, 2006

March 30, 2006 – Nashville, TN