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com/EnggPhy Engineering Physics 06PHY12 Multiple Choice Questions Modern Physics

1. If the temperature of the blackbody is halved the wavelength corresponding to the maximum emission of radiation becomes (a) 2 times (b) 4 times 1 (c) times 2 1 times (d) 4 2. The rate of emission of energy per unit surface area of a blackbody is proportional to ....... power of the temperature. (a) 2nd (b) 3rd (c) 4th (d) 5th 3. The ultraviolet catastrophe is associated with (a) Wiens displacement law (b) Rayleigh-Jeans law (c) Wiens distribution law (d) Plancks law 4. According to Plancks law the allowed energy values are given by (a) E = nh (b) E = h (c) E = h (d) E = nh 5. Einsteins photoelectric equation is given by (a) KE = h + (b) KE = h (c) P E = h + (d) P E = h 6. Photoelectric eect signies (a) particle nature of light (b) wave nature of light (c) dual nature of light (d) transverse nature of light 7. Compton eect is observed for (a) visible light (b) UV rays (c) X rays (d) rays 8. The Compton wavelength is given by h mv h (b) mc (c) mv (d) mc (a) 9. Dual nature of light means (a) light behaves like particles but not waves (b) light behaves like waves but not particles (c) light behaves like neither particles nor waves (d) light behaves like both particles and waves 10. For an electron accelerated through 10 KeV potential dierence, the de Broglie wavelength is (a) 1.226 nm (b) 0.01226 nm (c) 122.6 nm (d) 0.126 nm 11. The Davisson-Germer experiment veries (a) de Broglie hypothesis (b) Wave nature of electron (c) Both a and b (d) Neither a nor b 12. Matter waves are the waves associated with (a) solid particles (b) charged particles (c) moving particles (d) cosmic particles 13. Which of the following velocities has no physical meaning for matter waves (a) particle velocity (b) group velocity (c) wave velocity (d) phase velocity 14. If the momentum of a particle is increased to four times, the de-Broglie wavelength will (a) become twice (b) become four times (c) become one-fourth (d) become half 15. In the blackbody radiation spectrum, the maximum intensity shifts towards (a) shorter wavelength. (b) longer wavelength. (c) no change. (d) none of these. 16. Group velocity of a wave is equal to (a) Vphase (b) Vparticle (c) velocity of light (d) none of these 17. The de-Broglie wavelength of an electron accelerated by a potential of 60 V is (a) 1.85 A (b) 1.58 A (c) 1.589 A (d) 1.57A Quantum Mechanics 1. The Heisenbergs uncertainty principle is expressed as h 4 h (b) x px 4 h (c) x px 4 h (d) x px 4 (a) x px = 2. The signicance of Heisenbergs Uncertainty principle is (a) measurements are always inaccurate (b) measurements are always accurate (c) simultaneous measurements are always impossible (d) simultaneous accurate measurements are impossible

3. In the demonstration of uncertainty principle using -ray microscope thought experiment, if x-rays are used instead of -rays, the uncertainty in the measurement of position of the electron (a) increases (b) decreases (c) independent of the wavelength of the radiation (d) remains same 4. Which of the following explains the non-existence of electrons inside the nucleus? (a) Heisenbergs uncertainty principle (b) Paulis exclusion principle (c) Drude-Lorentz theory (d) Quantum free-electron theory 5. A wave function, in general, is (a) simple (b) complex (c) real (d) complicated 6. The probability density of nding a particle is given by (a) || (b) ||2 (c) (d) || 7. Which of the following is not true of a wave function? (a) It is continuous (b) It is multi-valued (c) It is dierentiable (d) It is normalizable

8. The energy eigen values of a particle trapped in an one dimensional potential well are proportional to (a) n (b) n (c) n2 (d) n3 9. If the Zero point energy of a particle in an one dimensional potential of innite height is 1 eV , then the energy of the second excited state is given by (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 9 10. The product of uncertainty between energy and time is (a) h/2 (b) h/4 (c) h/2 (d) h/4 11. According to Max Born approximation, ||2 represents (a) Energy density (b) Particle density (c) Probability density (d) Charge density 12. The rst permitted energy level is called (a) Excited energy level (b) Zero point energy (c) Ground level (d) none of these 13. The wave function associated with a material particle is (a) nite (b) continuous (c) single valued (d) all the above Electrical Conductivity in Metals 1. Which of the following is not an assumption in Drude-Lorentz theory of free electrons? (a) Metals contain free electrons that move through a lattice of positive ions.

(b) Electric eld produced by lattice ions is considered to be uniform throughout the solid and hence neglected. (c) Free electrons in a metal resemble molecules of a gas and therefore the laws of kinetic theory of gases are applicable to free electrons. (d) The electrons are distributed among the energy levels according to Paulis exclusion principle. 2. The thermal velocity of free-electrons in a metal at given temperature is given by 3kT (a) vth = m 3kT (b) vth = m 3kT (c) vth = m m (d) vth = 3kT 3. The resistivity of the material depends on which of the following. (a) Length of the conductor (b) Area of cross section of the conductor (c) Temperature (d) All the above 4. The probability of an electron occupying an energy level below Fermi level is (a) 0% (b) 100% (c) 50% (d) 30% 5. The probability of an electron occupying an energy level above Fermi level is (a) 0% (b) 100% (c) 50% (d) 30% 6. Fermi-Dirac statistics deal with particles of spin (a) 0 1 (b) 2 (c) 1 (d) 2 7. The Fermi factor is given by (a) f (E) = (b) f (E) = (c) f (E) = 1 (e(EEF ) 1 (e(EEF ) 1 + 1) 1)

(e(E+EF ) 1) 1 (d) f (E) = (E+E ) F + 1) (e 8. The mean free path on an electron is (a) Directly proportional to area of cross section (b) Directly proportional to temperature (c) Inversely proportional to temperature (d) Inversely proportional to electron concentration 9. The Matthiessens rule is about (a) Resistance (b) Conductance (c) Resistivity (d) Impurity 10. The quantized vibrations of lattice points in a solid are called (a) Photons (b) Phonons (c) Protons (d) Partons 11. In a metal, if the temperature is increased then resistivity (a) increases. (b) decreases. (c) remains same. (d) none of these. 12. For T > 0 K, the probability of occupancy of Fermi level is (a) 75% (b) 90% (c) 100% (d) 50% 13. The electron mobility in metals is given by vd V vd (b) F vd (c) L vd (d) (a) 14. The Fermi factor for E = Ef at any temperature is (a) 1 1 (b) 2 (c) 0 (d) 2 Lasers 1. Laser beam production is based on the principle of (a) Induced Absorption (b) Spontaneous emission (c) Ionization (d) Stimulated emission

2. Population inversion is state of the system wherein the upper energy state, compared to lower energy state is populated (a) Less (b) More (c) Equal (d) None of these 3. The lifetime of an atom in a meta stable state is of the order of (a) 108 s (b) 1010 s (c) 103 s (d) 101 s 4. For a constructive interference in a Laser cavity, the distance L between the two mirrors should be (a) n (b) (n + 1) (c) (n 1) n (d) 2 5. In a He N e Laser, Brewsters windows help to obtain a (a) Sharp beam (b) Divergent beam (c) Plane-polarized beam (d) Intense beam 6. Laser beam in the Red wavelength region in He-Ne Laser is obtained due to the transition of (a) 3s to 3p level (b) 2s to 2p level (c) 3s to 2p (d) None of these 7. In a semi conductor Laser, the population inversion followed by a stimulated emission is controlled by (a) Resistance (b) Temperature (c) Current (d) Impedance


8. Lasers nd remarkable applications due to their high intensity, high monochromaticity coupled with (a) Coherence (b) Divergence (c) Atomicity (d) None of these 9. The important application of semi conductor Laser is in (a) Printers (b) Holography (c) Optical communication (d) Surveying 10. Holography is capturing pictorial details of 3-D using the principle of (a) Diraction (b) Total Internal Reection (c) Refraction (d) Interference 11. Emission of a photon by an excited atom due to interaction of external energy is called (a) spontaneous emission (b) stimulated emission (c) induced absorption (d) light amplication 12. In He-Ne laser the ratio of He-Ne gas molecules in the order (a) 1 : 10 (b) 10 : 1 (c) 1 : 1 (d) 1 : 2 13. The life time of an atom in a metastable state is of the order of (a) a few seconds (b) unlimited (c) a nano second (d) few milliseconds 14. Pumping process used in diode laser is (a) optical pumping (b) forward bias (c) electrical discharge (d) none of these

11 Superconductivity and Optical Fibers 1. The resistivity of conductors (a) decreases as the temperature decreases (b) decreases as the temperature increases (c) increases as the temperature decreases (d) independent of temperature 2. All materials become superconductors (a) at 0 degree celsius (b) at 0 degree kelvin (c) at 0 degree fahrenheit (d) is a myth 3. Superconductors behave like (a) perfect magnets (b) perfect paramagnets (c) perfect ferromagnets (d) perfect diamagnets 4. BCS theory is based on (a) Cooper pairs (b) copper pairs (c) Cooper ions (d) copper ions 5. The maglev vehicles are based on the (a) BCS theory (b) Meissner eect (c) SQUIDS (d) high temperature superconductivity 6. The optic bers exploit the principle of (a) reection (b) refraction (c) constructive interference (d) total internal reection 7. Total internal reection happens only when (a) light travels from denser to rarer medium (b) light travels from rarer to denser medium

12 (c) light travels from vacuum to a medium (d) light travels from air to a medium 8. Attenuation of signals in the optic bers is due to (a) impurities (b) scattering (c) radiation loss (d) all the above 9. The numerical aperture is given by (a) (b) (c) (d) (n1 n2 ) (n2 n1 ) (n2 n2 ) 2 1 (n2 n2 ) 1 2


10. The refractive index of an optical medium can never be (a) 1 (b) more than 1 (c) less than 1 (d) innity 11. Numerical aperture optical ber depends on (a) diameter of ber (b) acceptance angle (c) critical angle (d) none of these 12. Factional index change of optical ber for refractive index of core and cladding are 1.563 and 1.498 respectively is (a) 0.00415 (b) 0.0415 (c) 0.043 (d) 0.004 13. Superconductors are (a) diamagnetic (b) paramagnetic (c) ferromagnetic (d) anti-ferromagnetic 14. The quantum magnetic ux is given by 2h e h (b) 2e h (c) 2e 2h (d) e (a) ***


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