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Question 1

Diagram 1 shows a flowering plant in a pot and diagram 2 shows the condition
of the plant after 5 days.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan sejenis tumbuhan berbunga di dalam sebuah pasu dan rajah
2 pula menunjukkan keadaan tumbuhan tersebut selepas 5 hari.

a)

Write an observation and give one suitable reason regarding the plant in
diagram 2.
Tuliskan satu pemerhatian dan berikan satu alasan yang munasabah
berdasarkan tumbuhan dalam rajah 2

.
.

b)

Predict what happen to the plant if it is left at the same situation for 2
weeks.
Ramalkan apakah yang akan berlaku kepada tumbuhan jika ia dibiarkan pada
situasi yang sama selama 2 minggu.

.
(1 mark )

c)

State two things that should be gathered in this investigation.


Nyatakan dua perkara yang perlu dikumpulkan dalam penyiasatan ini.
i).................................................................................................................
i).......................................................................................................................
ii) ................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

d)

Based on this investigation, what can you conclude?


Berdasarkan penyiasatan ini, apakah kesimpulan anda?
....................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................

Question 2

An investigation is carried out by a group of pupils as shown in the diagram


above.

a)State two possible reasons for what they have observed ?


i)

(1 mark )

.
ii)

b)Based on the answer in (a) , write one


hypothesis.

(2 marks )
(1 mark)

.
.
.

c)Based on the answer in (b), state

i)
w
hat isch
anged

..

(1 mark )

(1 mark)

ii)

w
hat isobserved?

(2 marks)
d)What can you conclude from this investigation?

.
.
.

(1 mark)

Volume of water (cm 3)


Isipadu air ( cm)

200

400

600

800

Numbers of tomatoes
Bilangan buah tomato

20

40

60

60

3. The table above shows the results of an investigation carried out by Aqilah
on four tomatoes plants of the same type. She pours different volume of
water to each tomatoes plants.
Jadual di atas menunjukkan keputusan penyiasatan yang dijalankan oleh Aqilah
ke atas empat buah pokok tomato dari sama jenis. Dia menuangkan isipadu air
yang berbeza untuk setiap pokok tomato.
(a)

What is the trend of changes of the number of tomatoes when the


volume of water increases?
Apakah corak perubahan bilangan buah tomato apabila isipadu air
bertambah?

(1
mar
k)

(b)

Based on the results of the investigation, state the following:


Berdasarkan keputusan penyiasatan, nyatakan perkara berikut:
i. What is to keep the same?
Pembolehubah malar?

(1
mar
k)
ii. What to be changed?
Pembolehubah manipulasi?

iii. What to be observed?


Pembolehubah bergerakbalas?

(1
mar
k)

(c)
What is the purpose of the
investigation?
Apakah tujuan kajian ini
dijalankan?

(1 mark)

(1
mar
k)
(d)

What can you conclude from this investigation?


Apakah kesimpulan penyiasatan ini?

(1
mar
k)

4.

Two similar seeds were planted in two pots of the same size. The
diagram below shows the observation after 2 weeks.

Dua anak benih dari jenis yang sama ditanam di dua pasu yang sama saiz. Rajah
menunjukkan pemerhatian selepas 2 minggu.

a)

Give one reason why plant in pot A is bigger than plant in pot B?
Berikan satu alasan kenapa tumbuhan dalam pasu A lebih besar dari di pasu
B.

[ 1 Mark ]

b)

Based on your inference in (a), state a hypothesis.


Berdasarkan inferens anda di (a), nyatakan satu hipotesis.
.................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................

[ 1 Mark ]
c)

Based on your answer in (b), state two things that should be gathered in
this investigation.
Berdasarkan jawapan anda di (b), nyatakan dua perkara yang perlu
dikumpulkan dalam kajian ini
i).

ii).

( 2 marks)

d)

What is kept the same in the investigation?


Apakah yang dimalarkan dalam penyiasatan ini?

e)

[ 1 Mark ]
What is the conclusion that can be drawn from this investigation?
.....................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

[ 1 Mark ]

Question 5
Some red beans are planted in beaker P and Q as shown in the picture below.
The observation is recorded a week after the red beans are planted.

a)What do you want to find out from this investigation ?


____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
( 1mark)
b)What can you observe in this investigation?
____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
( 1mark)
c)Give a reason for your answer in (b)
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
( 1mark)
d)Based on this investigation, answer the following questions.
i)
i)what
what is kept the same ? ________________________________________

ii)
ii)what
what is changed ? ______________________________________________

iii)
iii)what
what is observed ? _____________________________________________

e)What you have found out from this investigation?

_____________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)

Question 6
Diagram below shows two balsam plants were planted in two containers,
A and B.

(a) Predict what will happen to both plants shown in Figure 2 after one
week.

i)

Plant

: __________________________________________________

(ii)

Plant

: __________________________________________________
( 2 marks)

(b) In the above experiment, what variables should be kept constant


(kept the same )?

(c) State two information that should be gathered in this investigation.


i)

( 1 mark)

______________________________________________________________

ii) ______________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)
(d) What is the relationship between the variables stated in (c)
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
( 1 mark)

Question 7

(a)Based on the figure above, state


(i)What is changed (manipulative variable):

..
(ii)What is kept the same (constant variable):

.
( 2 marks)
(b) Predict the condition of the seeds in every container after one week.
(i)
(i)Container
Container

..

(ii)
(ii)Container
Container B :

(iii)
(iii)Container
Container

(iv)
(iv)Container
Container

(c) Write the inferences for your answers in (b).


(i)
on
tain
er
(i)C
C

.
(ii)
on
tain
er
:
(ii)C
C

.
(iii)
on
tainer
C:
(iii)C
C

.
(iv)
on
tain
er
D:
(iv)C
C

.
( 4 marks)

Question 8

Table 1
Table 1 shows the data gathered during an investigation on a plant.

(a) State an inference based on the results in Table 1


......................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................
( 1mark)
(b)What other observation can you give to support your inference in (a)

( 1 mark)
(c) State the trend of change for the number of leaves produced when the
quantity of water increases.
................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)
(d) Predict the number of leaves produced if the plant is watered with 650
m of water.
.....................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)
(e) What can you conclude from the investigation?
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)

Question 9
Five seeds are placed in each of the beakers K,L and M as shown in figure
below.
All beakers are placed under a table for four days.
.

a) What is the aim of this investigation ?

.
.

.
( 1 mark)
b) State the following variables :
i) what is changed :

ii) what is observed

..

iii) what is kept the same :

..
( 3 marks)
c) Predict which seeds will not grow after four days.

.
( 1 mark)
d) Write two inferences made from your answer in (c)
i)

ii)

..

Question 10
Figure below shows apparatus set up by a group of pupils for an activity.

a)

State two variables that should be collected in this investigation.

( 1 mark)
b)

What can be observed on plant Q after 7 days.

( 1 mark)
c)

State an inference for your answer in (b)

..........

........

( 1 mark)
d)

State another observation to support your inference in (c)

..
.

.
.

( 1 mark)

e)

What conclusion can be made from this investigation ?

( 1mark)

Question 11
Figure below shows apparatus set up by a group of pupils for an activity.

a)

State two variables that should be collected in this investigation.

( 1 mark)
b)

What can be observed after 7 days.

( 1 mark)

c)

State an inference for your answer in (b)

( 1 mark)
d)

State another observation to support your inference in (c)

( 1 mark)

e)

What conclusion can be made from this investigation ?

( 1mark)

Question 12
Figure below shows apparatus set up by a group of pupils for an activity.

a)

State two variables that should be collected in this investigation.

( 1 mark)
b)

What can be observed after 7 days.

( 1 mark)

c)

State an inference for your answer in (b)

( 1 mark)
d)

State another observation to support your inference in (c)

( 1 mark)

e)

What conclusion can be made from this investigation ?

( 1mark)

13.

An investigation is carried out by Amir as shown in Figure 3.


Satu penyiasatan telah dijalankan oleh Amir seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.

Figure 3
Observation: (1) The number of plants is the same in both pots P and Q.
Bilangan tumbuhan adalah sama dalam pasu P dan Q.
(2) The size of pots P and Q is the same.
Saiz pasu P dan Q adalah sama
(3) The size of plant P is bigger than plant Q.
Saiz tumbuhan P lebih besar dari tumbuhan Q
The above information was written in Amirs report book.
Pemerhatian di atas telah ditulis oleh Amir dalam buku laporannya
(a) Choose one observation. Based on that observation, state two inferences about
the
differences between the plant in pot P and the plant in pot Q.
Pilih satu pemerhatian. Berdasarkan pemerhatian tersebut, nyatakan dua inferens
tentang
perbezaan antara tumbuhan dalam pasu P dan tumbuhan dalam pasu Q
Observation:
Pemerhatian
Inference 1:
Inferens 1
Inference 2:
Inferens 2
(b) Suggest one other observation to support one of the inference stated in (a).
Cadangkan satu pemerhatian lain untuk menyokong salah satu inferens yang anda
nyatakan
di (a)
Inference
Inferens

Observation :
Pemerhatian
(c) Write one hypothesis based on your observation in (b).
Tuliskan satu hipotesis berdasarkan pemerhatian anda di (b)