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American Football American football, known as football in the United States and sometimes called gridiron internationally, is a team

sport played between two teams of eleven players each with an oval (specifically prolate spheroid ball. It is played on a rectangular field measuring 120 yards (109.7 meters) long and 53.3 yards (48.7 meters) wide with goalposts on either end of the field. Over the course of the game the team in possession of the ball attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball. In order to continue a drive, the offense must advance the ball at least ten yards down the field in a series of four downs. If they succeed, they receive a new set of four downs to continue their drive, but if they fail, they turn the ball over to the opposing team. The offense can score points by advancing the ball into the end zone (a touchdown or by place or drop kicking the ball through the opponent's goalpost, while the defense can score points by taking possession of the ball and advancing it into the offense's end zone or by tackling the ballcarrier in the offense's end zone. The team that has scored the most points by the end of the game wins.

Team And Position


A game is played between two teams of eleven players each having less players on the field is legal, but playing with more on the field is punishable by a penalty. Teams may substitute any number of their players between downs, and the game in general has developed a system where teams have different offensive, defensive, and special teams squads. This system is a vital aspect of the modern game and replaced the old system, where only limited substitution was allowed. Individual players in a football game must be designated with auniform number which is between 1 and 99 in the NFL, teams are required to number their players by a league-approved numbering system during the regular season and any exceptions must be approved by the Commissioner, while in the NCAA and NFHS teams are "strongly advised" to number their offensive players according to a league-suggested numbering scheme. Offensive unit The role of the offensive unit is to advance the ball down the field, with the ultimate goal of scoring a touchdown. Backs and backfield The main backfield positions include the quarterback (QB), halfback/tailback (HB/TB), and fullback (FB). The quarterback is the leader of the offense, with either him or the head coach calling the plays. The quarterback typically informs the rest of the offense of the play in the huddle before the team lines up. The quarterback lines up behind the center and takes the snap before handing the ball off, throwing it, or keeping it to run with himself. The primary role of the halfback or tailback is to carry the ball on running plays as well as to serve as a receiver at times, while fullbacks function primarily as blockers. Fullbacks tend to be larger than running backs and are sometimes used as runners in short-yardage situations, but are often times not used in passing situations. Linemen The offensive line consists of several players. The leader of the offensive line is the center (C), who lines up in the middle of the line between the guards. The center is responsible for snapping the ball to the quarterback, and for making sure the other linemen are doing their jobs

during the play. On either side of the center are the guards (G), while tackles (T) line up outside the guards. Receivers The principal receivers are the wide receivers (WR) and the tight ends (TE). Wide receivers line up on or near the line of scrimmage, split outside of the line. The main goal of the wide receiver is to catch passes thrown by the quarterback. but the wide receiver also plays a role on running plays by blocking defenders or acting like the play is a pass play so as to distract and confuse the defense. Tight ends line up outside the tackles and function as both receivers and blockers. Defensive unit. The role of the defense is to prevent the offense from scoring by tackling the ball carrier or by forcing turnovers (interceptionsor fumbles). Defensive line The defensive line consists of defensive ends (DE) and defensive tackles (DT). Defensive ends line up on the end of the line, while defensive tackles line up on the inside; their primary responsibilities are to stop running plays on the inside and outside, respectively, as well as to pressure the quarterback on passing plays and to occupy the line so that the linebackerscan break through. Linebackers Linebackers line up behind the defensive line but in front of the defensive backfield. Linebackers are split into middle linebackers (MLB) and outside linebackers (OLB). Linebackers are the defensive leaders, calling the defensive plays and playing hard to lead by example. They play a diverse number of roles such as defending the run, pressuring the quarterback, guarding tight ends and backs in the passing game, and covering slot receivers.[40] Defensive backfield The defensive backfield (also known as the secondary) consists of cornerbacks (CB) and safeties (S); safeties are themselves divided into free safeties (FS) and strong safeties (SS). Cornerbacks line up outside the defensive formation and cover wide receivers, while safeties line up between the cornerbacks but farther back in the secondary. The defensive backfield is responsible for stopping the deep pass and the run. Special teams unit The role of the special teams unit is to punt or kick the ball. Field goals and kickoffs Specific positions for the field goal/PAT unit are the placekicker (K or PK), holder (H), and long snapper (LS). The long snapper's job is to snap the ball back to the holder, who will catch the ball and place it down to the ground (ideally with the laces facing away from the kicker) so that the placekicker can kick the ball. On kickoffs, the kicker placekicks the ball off of a tee; the player on the receiving team who catches the ball is the kickoff returner (KR). I think thats all explaination about American Football sports. Thank you.