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What is Critical Thinking Critical thinking consists of three steps: 1. Becoming aware that assumptions exist 2.

Making assumptions explicit 3. Assessing their accuracy Why is critical thinking important? All actions, decisions, and judgments spring from assumptions - if they are unchecked or inappropriate, we will make poor decisions and wrong judgments What does Critical Thinking Look Like? Contextual sensitivity - being sensitive to stereotypes about people from a particular group and trying to accept others at face value unconditionally Perspective thinking - trying to get into the other person's head, or walking in the other person's shoes so as to see the world the way that person sees and perceives the world. Tolerance for ambiguity - ability to accept multiple interpretations of the same situation Alert to premature ultimatums - invoking a powerful idea or concept which inspires such reverence that any further debate is forestalled. e.g. a politician invokes "democracy" What are the Major Components in Critical Thinking? Perception Assumptions Emotion Language Argument Fallacy Logic Problem Solving Process Issues in Problem Solving Self-awareness of the problem solver Motivation of the problem solver Decision making involved in selecting solution by solver Execution of the solution decided upon What is Needed to Improve Problem Solving Process Unconditional acceptance & non-judgmental attitude of fellow solvers Respect for each participants input Freedom to openly express emotional response to the problem & solutions Defined limits and boundaries on problem solving process Characteristics of the Creative Person curious seeks problems enjoys challenge optimistic able to suspend judgment comfortable with imagination sees problems as opportunities sees problems as interesting problems are emotionally acceptable challenges assumptions doesn't give up easily: perseveres, works hard What is Creativity? An Ability. A simple definition is that creativity is the ability to imagine or invent something new Main benefits of Six Thinking Hats method: Allow to say things without risk ,Create awareness that there are multiple perspectives on the issue at hand Convenient mechanism for 'switching gears',Rules for the game of thinking ,Focus thinking ,Lead to more creative thinking Improve communication Improve decision making Using the Six Hats Step 1: Present the facts of the case (White Hat) Step 2: Generate ideas on how the case could be handled (Green Hat) Step 3: Evaluate the merits of the ideas - List the benefits (Yellow Hat), List the drawbacks (Black Hat)

Step 4: Get everybodys gut feelings about the alternatives (Red Hat) Step 5: Summarize and adjourn the meeting (Blue Hat)