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JUNE

QUART E R

2012

3101.0

AUSTRALIAN DEMOGRAPHIC STATISTICS


EMBA R G O : 11.3 0 A M (CAN B E R R A TIME) TUES 18 DEC 2012

Population growth
Quarterly
Total growth Natural increase Net overseas migration

KEY
'000 160 120 80 40 0

FIG U R E S
Population at end Jun qtr 2012 '000 Change over previous year '000 Change over previous year %

PRELI M I N A R Y DATA

New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory

7 290.3 5 623.5 4 560.1 1 654.8 2 430.3 512.0 234.8 374.7 22 683.6

78.9 89.0 86.0 16.5 78.0 0.8 3.5 6.9 359.6

1.1 1.6 1.9 1.0 3.3 0.2 1.5 1.9 1.6

Jun 2008

Jun 2010

Jun 2012

Population Growth Rate


Year ended current quarter NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. 0 0.7 1.4 2.1 % 2.8 3.5

Australia (a)

(a)

Includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

KEY
!

POI N T S

ESTIM A T E D RESID E N T POPUL A T I O N The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at 30 June 2012 was 22,683,600 people. This reflects an increase of 359,600 people since 31 June 2011 and 87,100 people since 31 March 2012.
!

The preliminary natural increase recorded for the year ended 30 June 2012 (151,300 people) was 0.5%, or 800 people, higher than the natural increase recorded for the year ended 30 June 2011 (150,500 perople).

I N Q U I R I E S
For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Michael Giampietro on Canberra (02) 6252 5640.

The preliminary net overseas migration recorded for the year ended 30 June 2012 (208,300 people) was 22.3%, or 38,100 people, higher than the net overseas migration recorded for the year ended 30 June 2011 (170,300 people).

POPUL A T I O N GROWT H RATE S


! !

Australia's population grew by 1.6% during the year ended 30 June 2012. Natural increase and net overseas migration contributed 42% and 58% respectively to total population growth for the year ended 30 June 2012.

All states and territories recorded positive population growth in the year ended 30 June 2012. Western Australia continued to record the fastest growth rate of all states and territories at 3.3%. Tasmania recorded the slowest growth rate at 0.2%.

w w w. a b s . g o v. a u

NO T E S

FORT H C O M I N G ISSU E S

ISSUE (Quarter)

RELEASE DATE

September 2012 December 2012 March 2013 June 2013 September 2013 December 2013

28 March 2013 20 June 2013 26 September 2013 17 December 2013 27 March 2014 19 June 2014

PREL I M I N A R Y REBA S E D POPU L A T I O N EST I M A T E S

This is the third release containing preliminary rebased Estimated Resident Population (ERP) data based on the 2011 Census of Population and Housing. Estimates from the September 2011 quarter onwards are based on the 2011 Census, unless footnoted otherwise.

REVISIO N S TO HIST O R I C A L ERP

This release includes information on the revisions that will be made to historical ERP, as a result of recent methodological improvements (see Feature Article: The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP).

NOTIC E OF CHAN GE TO REVISIO N CYCL E

As of the September 2013 release NOM revisions will change from a biannual to a quarterly revision cycle. Datacubes containing ERP from 2001-2011 based on ASGS Remoteness Areas and Significant Urban Areas will be added to Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 3218.0) on 31 January 2013. Births, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 3301.0) - released 25 October 2012. Deaths, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 3302.0) - released 8 November 2012.

UPDATES TO REGIONAL POPU L A T I O N GRO W T H , AUST R A L I A , 2011

RECEN T RELEASES

UPCO MIN G RELEASES

Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia, November 2012 (cat. no. 3401.0) scheduled for release 15 January 2013.

Bria n Pink Austr a l i a n Sta t i s t i c i a n

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

CONT E N T S

page Notes

..................................................2 Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

EDIT O R I A L

Main Features

Feature Article 1: Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories Feature Article 2: Advice on the use of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population estimates and projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.............................................6 . . . . 11 ...... ....


17 18

Feature Article 3: The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TABLES

POPUL A T I O N CHAN G E

1 2 3

....................... Population change, Components States and territories . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Population change, Summary Australia Population change, Components of total population growth rate States and territories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24 25 29

.......

EST IM A T E D RESI D E N T POPU L A T I O N

4 5 6 7 8

............... Estimated resident population, Major population regions at 30 June . . . .


Estimated resident population, States and territories Estimated resident population, Age groups States and territories at 30 June 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Estimated resident population, Age groups Australia at 30 June

33 36 37 39 41

.... ...... Estimated resident population and proportion, States and territories . . . . .

POPU L A T I O N PRO J E C T I O N S

9 10

Projected resident population, States and territories

............... ....

42 43

Estimated and projected resident Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, States and territories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

C O N T E N T S continued

page
T A B L E S continued

EST IM A T E D RESI D E N T ABO R I G I N A L AND TOR R E S STR AI T ISLAN D E R POPU L A T I O N

11 12

Estimated resident Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, Age groups States and territories at 30 June 2006 . . . . . . . . .

...... ....

44 46

Estimated resident Australian Non-Indigenous population, Age groups States and territories at 30 June 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

BIR T H S AND DEAT H S

13 14 15

................ ........... Infant deaths and infant mortality rates, States and territories . . . . . . . . . .
Births and total fertility rates, States and territories Deaths and standardised death rates, States and territories

48 50 51

OVER S E A S MIGR A T I O N

16 17 18

........... Categories of overseas arrivals, Movements Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Categories of overseas departures, Movements Australia . . . . . . . . . . . .
Categories of net overseas migration, States and territories

53 56 57

INTER S T A T E MIGR A T I O N

19

Interstate migration

....................................

58

HOU SE H O L D EST I M A T E S AND PRO J E C T I O N S

20
FURT H E R INFOR MA T I O N

Projected number of households, States and territories at 30 June

.....

60

Explanatory Notes Glossary

......................................... ...............................................

61 71

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

ABBRE V I A T I O N S

ABS Australian Bureau of Statistics ACT Australian Capital Territory ASGC Australian Standard Geographical Classification Aust. Australia DIAC Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship ERP estimated resident population IMR infant mortality rate NIM net interstate migration NOM net overseas migration NSW New South Wales NT Northern Territory NZ New Zealand OAD overseas arrivals and departures PES Census of Population and Housing Post Enumeration Survey Qld Queensland RSE relative standard error RTO resident temporarily overseas S Dist statistical district SA South Australia SD statistical division SDR standardised death rate Tas. Tasmania TFR total fertility rate Vic. Victoria WA Western Australia

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

MAIN FEAT U R E S COMM E N T A R Y

ANNUA L POPUL A T I O N CHAN G E YEAR ENDIN G 30 JUNE 2012


AUST R A L I A : POPU L A T I O N AND GROW T H

The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at 30 June 2012 was 22,683,600 people. This reflects an increase of 359,600 people since 30 June 2011 and 87,100 people since 31 March 2012. The annual population growth rate for the year ended 30 June 2012 was 1.6%. This continues an increasing rate from a low of 1.1% for the year ending March 2011. AN N U A L PO P U L A T I O N GR O W T H RA T E (a ) , Au s t r a l i a
% 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 Jun 1987 Jun 1992 Jun 1997 Jun 2002 Jun 2007 Jun 2012

(a) Annual growth calculated at the end of each quarter.

COMPO N E N T S OF POPU L A T I O N CHAN G E

The growth of Australia's population has two components: natural increase (the number of births minus the number of deaths) and net overseas migration (NOM). The contribution to population growth for the year ended 30 June 2012 was higher for net overseas migration (58%) than for natural increase (42%). The contribution of NOM to population growth for the year ending June 2012 increased from 53% for the year ending 30 June 2011 whilst the contribution of natural increase to population growth decreased from 47% over the same period. CO M P O N E N T S OF AN N U A L PO P U L A T I O N GR O W T H (a ) , Au s t r a l i a
Total growth Net overseas migration(b)(c) Natural increase(b)

'000 500 400 300 200 100 0

Jun 1987

Jun 1992

Jun 1997

Jun 2002

Jun 2007

Jun 2012

(a) Annual components calculated over each quarter. (b) Estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary. (c) NOM estimates have been calculated using a range of methods over the period, and include a break in series at September quarter 2006 see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes.

Natural Increase

Natural increase for the year ended 30 June 2012 was 151,300 people, an increase of 0.5%, or 800 people, when compared with natural increase for the year ended 30 June 2011 (150,500 people).

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

M A I N F E A T U R E S C O M M E N T A R Y continued

Natural Increase continued

BIRTH S

The preliminary estimate of births for the year ended 30 June 2012 (297,800 births) was 0.4%, or 1,100 births, higher than the figure for the year ended 30 June 2011 (296,800 births).
DEAT H S

The preliminary estimate of deaths for the year ended 30 June 2012 (146,500 deaths) was 0.2%, or 200 deaths, higher than the figure for the year ended 30 June 2011 (146,300 deaths).
Net Overs eas Migration

For the year ended 30 June 2012, Australia's preliminary net overseas migration estimate was 208,300 people. This was 22.3% (38,100 people) higher than the net overseas migration estimated for the year ended 30 June 2011 (170,300 people). NOM arrivals increased by 11.4% (48,300 people) between the years ended 30 June 2011 (423,900 people) and 30 June 2012 (472,100 people). NOM departures increased by 4.0% (10,200 people) between the years ended 30 June 2011 (253,600 people) and 30 June 2012 (263,800 people). The preliminary net overseas migration estimate for the June quarter 2012 (46,700 people) was 31.5% (11,200 people) higher than the estimate for the June quarter 2011 (35,500 people).

STAT E S AND TERR I T O R I E S : POPU L A T I O N AND GROW T H

The estimated resident population for each state and territory at 30 June 2012 was as follows:
! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

New South Wales 7,290,300; Victoria 5,623,500; Queensland 4,560,100; South Australia 1,654,800; Western Australia 2,430,300; Tasmania 512,000; Northern Territory 234,800; and Australian Capital Territory 374,700.

All states and territories recorded positive population growth in the year ended 30 June 2012. Western Australia continued to record the fastest growth rate of all states and territories with 3.3%. Tasmania recorded the slowest growth rate at 0.2%.
COMPO N E N T S OF POPU L A T I O N CHAN G E

At the state and territory level, population growth has three components: natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration. Although all states and territories experienced positive population growth in the year ended 30 June 2012, the proportion that each of these components contributed to population growth varied between the states and territories. For the year ended 30 June 2012, natural increase was the major component of population change in Tasmania, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Net overseas migration was the major component of population change in South Australia, followed by New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

M A I N F E A T U R E S C O M M E N T A R Y continued

COMPO N E N T S OF POPU L A T I O N CHAN G E continued

Queensland. Net interstate migration losses were recorded in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory.

Natural Increase

Estimates of births and deaths are subject to fluctuations caused by lags or accumulations in the reporting of birth and death registrations (for more information see paragraphs 1011 of the Explanatory Notes).
BIRTH S

The total number of births registered for the year ended 30 June 2012 increased in half of the states and territories, with the largest percentage increase of registered births being recorded in the Northern Territory at 4.4% (170 births). This was followed by Western Australia (4.1%), South Australia (3.4%) and Victoria (2.9%). Tasmania recorded the largest percentage decrease in births at 4.4% (290 births), followed by Queensland (3.5%), New South Wales (0.6%) and the Australian Capital Territory (0.4%). For more information, see table 13.
DEAT H S

The total number of deaths registered for the year ended 30 June 2012 decreased for all states and territories, except for Western Australia (2.8%), New South Wales (2.2%) and Queensland (1.8%), when compared with the previous year. The largest decrease was in Victoria where there was a drop of 1,300 deaths between the year ended 30 June 2012 and the previous year (3.6% drop). For more information, see table 14.
Net Overs eas Migration

All states and territories recorded both positive and increased net overseas migration (NOM) when compared to the previous year. Western Australia recorded the largest numerical increase at 16,300 people (53.0%) whilst Tasmania recorded the lowest at 300 (25.6%). New South Wales recorded the smallest percentage increase at 7.1% (3,500 people) and the Northern Territory recorded the largest percentage increase at 218.1% (1,400 people). For more information, see table 16.
NOM ARR I V A L S

When compared to the year ended 30 June 2011, all states and territories recorded increases in NOM arrivals. The largest percentage increase was recorded by the Northern Territory at 32.9% (1,400 people). New South Wales recorded the smallest percentage increase of 4.7% (6,600 people). For more information, see table 16.
NOM DEPA R T U R E S

When compared to the year ended 31 June 2011, increases in NOM departures were recorded for all states and territories except for Tasmania which remained stable. Western Australia recorded the largest percentage increase in departures, up 8.1% (2,400 people). For more information, see table 16.
Net Inters tate Migration

Queensland recorded the highest gains from net interstate migration (NIM) for the year ended 30 June 2012 (11,800 people), closely followed by Western Australia (11,100 people). Other states and territories which recorded net gains were Victoria (1,200 people) and the Australian Capital Territory (700 people). Net losses from

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

M A I N F E A T U R E S C O M M E N T A R Y continued

Net Inters tate Migration continued

interstate migration were recorded in New South Wales (18,400 people), Tasmania (2,600 people), South Australia (2,400 people) and the Northern Territory (1,500 people). For more information, see table 19. IN T E R S T A T E MI G R A T I O N , Ar r i v a l s , De p a r t u r e s an d Ne t St a t e s an d te r r i t o r i e s Ye a r en d e d 30 Ju n e 20 1 2
New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory 25 0 25 50 Persons ('000)
NIM Interstate Arrivals Interstate Departures

75

100

INTE R N A T I O N A L COMPAR I S O N

For the 12 months ended 30 June 2011, Australia's population growth rate (1.2%) was above that of the world (1.1%). Australia is growing at a faster rate than many countries including New Zealand and Viet Nam (both 1.1%), Indonesia, Hong Kong and Canada (all 1.0%), United States of America (0.9%), Sweden and South Africa (both 0.7%), the United Kingdom (0.6%), France and China (both 0.5%), Italy and Republic of Korea (both 0.4%) and Greece (0.3%). Further, Japan experienced neutral growth (0.0%). Five countries that experienced faster growth than Australia were India (1.4%), Malaysia (1.6%), the Philippines (1.7%), Singapore (2.0%) and Papua New Guinea (2.3%). According to figures from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Australia's population ranked 52nd in 2011 (which is equal to its rank in 2010) and is projected to rank 59th by 2050. By 2050, India is projected to have displaced China as the most populous country with 1.69 billion people compared with 1.30 billion in China.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

M A I N F E A T U R E S C O M M E N T A R Y continued

INTE R N A T I O N A L C O M P A R I S O N continued

PO P U L A T I O N , GR O W T H RA T E AN D RA N K (a ) , Su m m a r y
ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION Growth Rate
%

PROJECTED POPULATION

RANK

2010 Sel e c t e d Cou n t r i e s


million

2011
million

2050
million

2011 2050
no. no.

Australia Canada China (excl. SARs and Taiwan) France Greece Hong Kong (SAR of China) India Indonesia Italy Japan Republic of Korea Malaysia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore South Africa Sweden United Kingdom United States of America Viet Nam World

22 34 1 341 63 11 7 1 225 240 61 127 48 28 4 7 93 5 50 9 62 310 88 6 896

22 34 1 348 63 11 7 1 241 242 61 126 48 29 4 7 95 5 50 9 62 313 89 6 974

1.2 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.3 1.0 1.4 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.6 1.1 2.3 1.7 2.0 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.1

34 44 1 296 72 12 9 1 692 293 59 109 47 43 6 14 155 6 57 11 73 403 104 9 306

52 36 1 21 74 100 2 4 23 10 25 44 122 101 12 116 24 90 22 3 13 . .

59 47 2 27 87 102 1 5 31 16 41 48 122 81 9 117 32 93 26 3 17 . .

.. (a)

not applicable nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Selected countries include major OECD countries, the world's most populous countries, Australia's closest neighbours and trading partners. Source: Australian estimates, this issue of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0); Australian projections, Series B in Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0); selected country and world estimates and projections,United Nations World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. (medium variant projections).

10

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FEATU R E ARTICLE 1

POPUL A T I O N BY AGE AND SEX, AUSTR A L I A , STATE S AND TERRI T O R I E S


INTR O DU C T I O N

This article summarises features of the data contained in the spreadsheets and datacubes accompanying this release which contain estimates of the resident population (ERP) of Australian states and territories by single year of age and by sex, as at 30 June. The spreadsheets include median ages, mean ages and sex ratios. Estimates up to June 2006 are final, while those for 2007 to 2011 are preliminary rebased and those for 2012 are preliminary.

AGEI N G POPU L A T I O N

Australia's population, like that of most developed countries, is ageing as a result of sustained low fertility and increasing life expectancy. This has resulted in proportionally fewer children (under 15 years of age) in the population. The median age (the age at which half the population is older and half is younger) of the Australian population has increased by 4.7 years over the last two decades, from 32.7 years at 30 June 1992 to 37.4 years at 30 June 2012. Between 30 June 2011 and 30 June 2012 the median age rose slightly from 37.3 to 37.4 years. Over the next several decades, population ageing is projected to have significant implications for Australia in many spheres, including health, labour force participation, housing and demand for skilled labour (Australia to 2050: Future Challenges, January 2010 (Intergenerational Report 2010), Department of the Treasury). PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Ag e gr o u p 19 9 2 to 20 1 2
%change 200

150

100

50

0 0-4 10-14 20-24 30-34 40-44 50-54 60-64 70-74 80-84 5-9 15-19 25-29 35-39 45-49 55-59 65-69 75-79 85+ Age group (years)

Between 30 June 1992 and 30 June 2012, the proportion of Australia's population aged 1564 years has remained relatively stable, increasing from 66.7% to 67.0% of the total population, and the proportion of people aged 65 years and over has increased from 11.5% to 14.2%. During the same period, the proportion of population aged 85 years and over has more than doubled from 0.9% of the population at 30 June 1992 to 1.9% of the total population at 30 June 2012. Conversely, the proportion aged under 15 years has decreased from 21.8% to 18.8%.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

11

Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories continued

PO P U L A T I O N ST R U C T U R E , Ag e an d se x Au s t r a l i a 19 9 2 an d 20 1 2

STAT E S AND TER R I T O R I E S

At 30 June 2012, Tasmania had the oldest median age of all the states and territories at 40.9 years. South Australia had the second oldest median age with a median age of 39.7 years, followed by New South Wales (37.9 years), Victoria (37.4 years), Queensland (36.7 years), Western Australia (36.1 years), the Australian Capital Territory (34.6 years) and the Northern Territory (31.6 years). ME D I A N AG E OF PO P U L A T I O N (a ) At 30 Ju n e
NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. 27 30 33 Age
(a) The age at which half the population is older and half is younger. 2012 1992

36

39

42

Tasmania experienced the largest increase in median age over the last 20 years, increasing by 8.1 years from 32.8 years in 1992 to 40.9 years in 2012. Interstate migration of younger adults from Tasmania to the Australian mainland has contributed to this accelerated ageing. For further information, see Migration, Australia (cat. no. 3412.0).

12

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories continued

MODA L AGE

The age with the largest number of people in Australia at 30 June 2012 was 41 years, with 341,900 people. However, the modal age for Tasmania was 51 years, which reflects the internal migration of younger adults from Tasmania for education and employment.

CHIL D R E N (UN D E R 15 YEAR S OF AGE)

In the 20 years between 30 June 1992 and 30 June 2012, the proportion of children aged 014 years decreased by 3.0 percentage points, from 21.8% to 18.8% of the total population. In the 12 months to 30 June 2012, the number of children aged 014 years in the population increased by 55,700. The number of children aged 04 years increased by 24,200, the number aged between 59 years increased by 31,400, and those aged between 1014 years increased by 100. In the year ended 30 June 2012, Western Australia recorded the largest percentage increase in the number of children aged 014 years (3.1%). The Australian Capital Territory recorded positive growth of 2.5%, as did Queensland (1.7%), Victoria (1.5%), South Australia and the Northern Territory (both 1.0%) and New South Wales (0.6%). Tasmania recorded a decrease of 0.7%.

WOR K I N G AGE POPU L A T I O N (AGE D 15-6 4 YEAR S )

In the 20 years between 30 June 1992 and 30 June 2012, the proportion of the population aged between 15 and 64 years (working age population) increased from 66.7% to 67.0%. In the 12 months to 30 June 2012, the number of people in this group increased by 1.1% (or 169,200 persons). Western Australia (3.0%) and Queensland (1.4%) recorded growth rates for 1564 year olds higher than the national average (1.1%). Victoria, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory recorded growth rates for 1564 year olds equal to the national average. New South Wales recorded a growth rate of 0.6%, South Australia 0.3% and Tasmania recorded a decrease in the proportion of 1564 year olds (-0.6%). There were 283,500 young people aged 15 who entered the working age population while 249,800 people turned 65 years in the year ended 30 June 2012.

OLDE R PEOPL E

By 30 June 2012, the first cohort of the Baby Boomer generation (those born in 1946-47) turned 65, with the number of people aged 65 increasing by 37,500 people from June 2011 (212,300) to June 2012 (249,800). Between 30 June 1992 and 30 June 2012, the proportion of the population aged 65 years and over increased from 11.5% to 14.2%. In the 12 months to 30 June 2012, the number of people aged 65 years and over in Australia increased by 134,700 people, representing a 4.4% increase.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

13

Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories continued

O L D E R P E O P L E continued

PO P U L A T I O N AG E D 65 YE A R S AN D OV E R
million 3.25 3.00 2.75 2.50 2.25 2.00 1992 1997 2002 Year 2007 2012

All states and territories experienced growth in their populations aged 65 years and over in the year ended 30 June 2012. The Northern Territory (8.9%), the Australian Capital Territory (6.3%), Western Australia (5.3%) and Queensland (5.1%) experienced the largest increases in the numbers of persons aged 65 years and over.
PERS O N S AGED 85 YEAR S AND OVER

Over the past two decades, this group increased by 160%, compared with a total population growth of 30% over the same period. In the 12 months to 30 June 2012, the number of people aged 85 years and over increased by 20,400 people (5.1%) to reach 423,700. There were almost twice as many females (274,800) than males (149,000) in this age group which reflects the higher life expectancy for females. In the year ended June 2012, the largest increases in the number of people aged 85 years and over occurred in the Northern Territory (10.2%), Australian Capital Territory (6.4%), followed by Western Australia (5.9%), Victoria (5.5%), New South Wales and South Australia (both 4.9%), Queensland (4.6%) and Tasmania (3.0%).

PER S O N S AGED 100 YEAR S AND OVER

Over the past two decades, the number of centenarians increased by 204%, reflecting an increase in life expectancy for both males and females during the period. In the 12 months to 30 June 2012, the number of people aged 100 years and over increased by 430 people (14.1%) to reach 3,479. There were more than four times as many females (2,808) than males (671) in this age group which reflects the higher life expectancy for females.

SEX RAT I O S

The sex ratio relates to the number of males per 100 females in a population or sub population. The sex ratio at birth is approximately 106 males per 100 females. Higher male mortality rates at younger ages result in the ratio approaching 100 by the age of 33. Net Overseas Migration can also influence the sex ratio, especially in the younger working ages where there is often a greater proportion of male migrants. Above age 65, the sex ratio reduces markedly due to the impact of higher male mortality on this population group.

14

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Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories continued

S E X R A T I O S continued

At 30 June 2012, the sex ratio of the total population for Australia was 98.9 males per 100 females. At age 0, the sex ratio for Australia in 2012 was 105.5 males per 100 females. This excess of males in the earlier years contrasts with the opposite situation in the older years and for the total population, which can be attributed to female longevity. SE X RA T I O (a ) , St a t e s an d te r r i t o r i e s At 30 Ju n e
NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. 96 99 102 ratio
(a) Number of males per 100 females. 2012 2002 1992

105

108

111

At 30 June 2012, the Northern Territory and Western Australia had 110.5 and 101.6 males per 100 females respectively. All other states and territories had lower ratios of males to females, as follows: Queensland 99.4; Tasmania 99.3; the Australian Capital Territory 99.0; New South Wales 98.4; South Australia 98.0; and Victoria 97.8.
INTE R N A T I O N A L COMPAR I S O N

Population ageing is a notable demographic characteristic of most developed countries and is related to sustained low fertility which results in proportionately fewer children. Population ageing is also caused by increasing life expectancy which results in proportionately more elderly people. In countries such as Japan, Italy, Greece, Sweden and Hong Kong, the number of people aged 65 years and over already exceeds the number of children aged 014 years. In Australia, based on the latest Series B population projections, the number of people aged 65 years and over is projected to exceed the number of children aged 014 years around the year 2025. For more information, see Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0). According to United Nations projections, all countries selected for analysis in the table below, titled 'Population Age Structure, International comparison of selected countries at 30 June', except for Greece and Sweden, are projected to experience no change or decreases in the proportion of children aged 014 years in their populations between 2010 and 2015. In most of these countries, the decrease in children aged 014 years is projected to be accompanied by a similar decrease in the proportion of people aged 1564 years. In contrast, an increase in the proportion of people aged 65 and over is projected in the selected group of countries. For example, Japan is projected to experience a proportional decline in its population aged 014 years and 1564 years, and a large proportional increase in its population aged 65 years and over. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics projections, the proportion of children 0-14 years in the Australian population is projected to decline by 0.3 percentage points between 2010 and 2015, from 18.9% to 18.6%, while the proportion of people aged 1564 years is projected to decline by 1.5 percentage points, from 67.6% to 66.1%. In

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15

Population by Age and Sex, Australia, States and Territories continued

INTE R N A T I O N A L C O M P A R I S O N continued

contrast, the proportion of people aged 65 years and over is projected to increase by 1.8 percentage points, from 13.5% to 15.3%. In 2010, the age structure of Australia's population was similar to that of New Zealand and the United States of America. Generally, the European countries and Japan had smaller proportions of children and higher proportions of older people than Australia. In contrast, other countries in Asia tended to have proportionally more children and far fewer older people, generally reflecting higher fertility rates and lower life expectancies than those experienced in Australia.

PO P U L A T I O N AG E ST R U C T U R E , In t e r n a t i o n a l co m p a r i s o n of se l e c t e d co u n t r i e s ( a ) at 30 Ju n e
2010 Aged 65 years and over
%

2015(b) Aged 65 years and over


%

2010 2015

Aged 014 years Selec t e d Count r i e s


%

Aged 1564 years


%

Median Age
years

Aged 014 years


%

Aged 1564 years


%

Median Age
years

Total fertility rate(c)


rate

Life expectancy(d)
years

Australia Canada China (excl. SARs and Taiwan) Hong Kong (SAR of China) France Greece India Indonesia Italy Japan Republic of Korea Malaysia New Zealand Papua New Guinea Philippines Singapore South Africa Sweden United Kingdom United States of America Viet Nam World

18.9 16.4 19.5 11.5 18.4 14.6 30.6 27.0 14.1 13.4 16.4 30.3 20.5 39.1 35.4 17.4 30.1 16.5 17.4 20.1 23.6 26.8

67.6 69.5 72.4 75.8 64.8 66.9 64.5 67.4 65.6 64.0 72.4 64.9 66.5 58.2 60.9 73.6 65.2 65.2 66.0 66.9 70.4 65.6

13.5 14.1 8.2 12.7 16.8 18.6 4.9 5.6 20.4 22.7 11.1 4.8 13.0 2.8 3.6 9.0 4.6 18.2 16.6 13.1 6.0 7.6

36.9 39.9 34.5 41.8 39.9 41.4 25.1 27.8 43.2 44.7 37.9 26.0 36.6 20.4 22.2 37.6 24.9 40.7 39.8 36.9 28.2 29.2

18.6 16.2 17.8 10.8 18.3 14.9 28.8 25.5 14.1 13.0 14.5 28.2 20.2 37.2 33.5 14.6 29.0 17.2 17.3 20.1 22.5 25.8

66.1 67.8 72.7 74.4 63.0 65.6 65.8 68.5 64.1 60.7 72.3 66.0 65.2 59.8 62.4 73.7 65.7 62.7 64.7 65.4 71.1 66.0

15.3 16.0 9.5 14.9 18.6 19.5 5.4 6.0 21.7 26.3 13.2 5.7 14.6 3.0 4.0 11.7 5.3 20.0 18.0 14.5 6.4 8.3

39.9 40.8 36.2 43.7 40.8 42.9 26.6 29.6 45.0 46.4 40.6 27.5 37.3 21.2 23.3 40.3 26.0 41.3 40.3 37.3 30.5 30.4

1.9 1.7 1.6 1.1 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.4 2.6 2.1 3.8 3.1 1.4 2.4 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.8 2.5

82.1 81.2 73.8 83.2 81.7 80.1 66.0 70.0 82.0 83.7 80.7 74.6 80.8 63.3 69.2 81.3 53.8 81.7 80.4 78.8 75.5 69.3

(a) Selected countries included major OECD countries, the world's most populous countries, Australia's closest neighbours and trading partners. (b) International data are United Nations medium variant projections. Australian data are ABS medium series (Series B) projections. (c) Births per woman. International data are United Nations are medium variant projections for the period 20102015. (d) Life expectancy at birth. United nations are medium variant projections for the period 20102015, for males and females combined. Source: All international data total fertility rate and life expectancy figures have been sourced from UN World Population Prospects, 2010 Revision. Australian 2010 estimates and fertility rates are from ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0), life expectancy figures from Deaths, Australia (cat. no. 3302.0) and Australian 2015 population projections are from Population Projections, Australia 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0).

16

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FEATU R E ARTICLE 2

ADVIC E ON THE USE OF ABORI G I N A L AND TORRE S STRAI T ISLAN D E R POPUL A T I O N ESTIM A T E S AND PROJE C T I O N S
INTR O DU C T I O N

The count of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people increased by 20.5 percent between the 2006 and 2011 Censuses. This resulted in larger than expected estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians based on the 2011 Census of Population and Housing and the Post Enumeration Survey (PES) results, when compared with the corresponding 2006 estimates. Preliminary Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population estimates as at 30 June 2011 were published in the March release of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0), on 27 September 2012. Final 2011 population estimates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians will be released in August 2013. The ABS appreciates that the large increase in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population estimates and the associated changes in rates/indicators produced using these population estimates as denominators present a challenge for data users, particularly those who are assessing change over time, and that supporting advice is required.

ADVI C E FOR REPO R T I N G

The advice given in this article should be considered in relation to the specific requirements of data users and the appropriateness of the advice for their needs. Until the final 2011 population estimates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are released in August 2013, the ABS recommends that preliminary 2011 estimates should not be used for reporting any indicators which make any single point-in-time measure, rather, data users should continue to use ABS population estimates based on the 2006 Census (Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0)). Until the 2011 Census-based backcasted estimates and projections for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are released in the first half of 2014 (i.e. by June 2014), the ABS advises that all indicators which make time series comparisons, or involve combined years measures, using ABS population estimates continue to use the projected population estimates based on the 2006 Census, to ensure that comparisons are meaningful (Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0)). ABS advises that the use of a combination of 2006-based estimates and 2011-based estimates will result in misleading analysis, given the two sets of population estimates describe different populations. The ABS will produce life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians for the period 2010-12 based on the Census Data Enhancement Indigenous Mortality Study. Life expectancy estimates will be available for reporting purposes in November 2013.

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FEATU R E ARTICLE 3

THE 2006- 2 0 1 1 INTE R C E N S A L PERI O D AND REVI S I O N S TO HIST O R I C A L ERP


INTR O DU C T I O N

In the previous two issues of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0), the ABS provided information on the relatively high intercensal error for the 2006-11 period and the challenge it has presented to users in understanding historical population growth over that period. In the issue released on 27 September 2012, the ABS indicated its intention to revise the historical Estimated Resident Population, and proposed a 20 year revision instead of the 5 yearly revision which usually takes place when rebasing. The ABS determined that such revisions were necessary to more accurately reflect the population growth of recent years apparent from data on births, deaths and net overseas migration. This was followed by an invitation for feedback from users, which was supplemented by an extensive consultation process, which is discussed in this article. The ABS has now decided to revise historical ERP back 20 years to 1991 as the methodological response to the relatively high 2006-11 intercensal error. Historical ERP estimates from September 1991 to March 2011 will be revised through this process. The revised estimates will be published in Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0). The purpose of this article is to:
! !

explain why the revisions are necessary; provide a summary of the consultation processes which have informed the chosen ABS treatment; explain the guiding principles underpinning the chosen ABS treatment; inform users of the ABS decision and methods that will be used; and outline the expected impact of the revisions and the implications for other statistical series.

! ! !

WHY REVI S I O N S ARE NECESSAR Y

In compiling the preliminary population estimates based on the 2011 Census, ABS introduced a key innovation which improved the quality of ERP. The introduction of Automated Data Linking (ADL) into processing of the 2011 Census Post Enumeration Survey (PES) resulted in an improved, and lower, measure of net undercount than would have been derived had the same methodology used in processing the 2006 PES been used. In other words, the 2011 PES found that more people were actually counted by the Census than would have been suggested by the previous PES methodology. As a result of this methodological change, the undercount adjustment used in rebasing the 2011 population estimates was also considerably lower than the undercount adjustment that was applied in the rebasing of the 2006 population estimates. ABS was able to estimate from a statistical impact study that if the ADL methodology and supporting technology had been available during the processing of the 2006 PES, the 30 June 2006 population estimates would have been lower by more than 200,000 people. Given the different methodologies that were used in the processing of the 2006 PES and 2011 PES, the intercensal error for the 2006-2011 period is 294,000, which is around three times higher than intercensal error that have been measured historically.

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The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP continued

WHY REVI S I O N S ARE N E C E S S A R Y continued

The conventional demographic treatment for intercensal error is to spread the total amount evenly through the series for the previous 5 years, as the error is usually assumed to have accumulated over 5 years and cannot be attributed to a particular source. This conventional treatment resulted in a downward revision of population growth over the 5 year period 2006-2011, from 1.8% (average annual growth) that had been indicated in the population components of births, deaths and migration since 2006 to 1.5%. This large reduction to growth created a challenge to users understanding of historical population growth. The reduction implied growth rates which are artificially too low, because: 1. they are the result of an ABS change in method (ADL); and 2. they are in stark contrast to the growth implied by an assessment of components of growth. These challenges were recognised by the ABS, and general advice on how to best use the preliminary estimates was provided in a feature article titled 'Advice on the use of 2011 Preliminary Rebased ERP' in Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) on 27 September 2012. For these reasons, in the 2011 final rebased ERP release on 20 June 2013, a different treatment is required to the conventional demographic treatment for intercensal error. It is necessary to adjust historical ERP to reflect the different undercount adjustments that would have been used had the 2011 PES methodology been available in earlier years.

CONSU L T A T I O N PRO C E S S E S WHI C H HAVE INFO R ME D THE ABS TREAT MEN T

Since the 20 June 2012 release of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0), the ABS has extensively engaged with users of ERP to inform the process of reviewing the treatment of intercensal error ahead of the release of final rebased population estimates on 20 June 2013. This process culminated in an intensive phase of consultation from the 27 September release through to 27 November 2012 following the publication of an article articulating the ABS intention to revise historical ERP data. ABS sought and received a number of key perspectives from members of a number of fora, including the ABS Population Estimates Technical Workshop, the Australian Statistics Advisory Council, and the ABS State Statistical Forum. Invitations were also sent to stakeholders to submit written submissions. In addition, ABS held a wide range of meetings with users of ERP. During this consultation process, the ABS heard consistently from users that a high quality ERP which provides coherent information on both population levels and growth is essential for informed decision making, policy development and evaluation and other planning processes. Most feedback received through this process supported a 20 year treatment of intercensal error for final rebasing to ensure that population growth in the period up until 30 June 2011 most closely reflected the best estimate of historical growth; that reflected in the population components of births, deaths and migrations statistics.

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The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP continued

CONSU L T A T I O N PRO C E S S E S WHI C H HAVE INFO R ME D THE ABS T R E A T M E N T continued

There was wide support for principles (see below) to be developed to guide the consideration of a methodological response, especially that any revisions should be based upon the best data available to ABS. Some organisations indicated support for a 10 year treatment and voiced concerns about the strength of the evidence base back to 1991. There was also some concern about perceived differences in coverage between the Net Overseas Migration (NOM) component of population growth compared with the growth reflected in the Census-based population estimates, particularly for the overseas-born population. The ABS has confirmed through recent analysis that this is not a major contributor to the large intercensal error, and will publish further information on this issue in early 2013. One organisation also cautioned the ABS against making any revisions and departing from the conventional treatment of intercensal error. ABS gave very careful consideration to all of these perspectives before making its decision to proceed with revising historical ERP over a 20 year period.

PRIN C I P L E S UNDER PIN N IN G THE TREAT MEN T

The ABS developed six guiding principles that were used to develop a robust treatment for revising historical ERP. 1. The credibility of population estimates, both level and growth, should be maintained for all spatial levels (i.e. national, state, and sub-state). 2. The use of ADL in the PES has been a major improvement in how we measure Census coverage, and the 2011 net undercount should be used to inform our historical understanding of Census coverage. 3. Population growth for the 2006-2011 period should, as closely as possible, reflect the growth in the population components (i.e. births, deaths and migration) for all spatial levels (i.e. national, state, and sub-state). 4. Any assumptions should be based upon the best available data. 5. Any revision to the historical ERP series should maintain the demographically plausible relationships between the fundamental building blocks of population series (e.g. age-sex profiles). 6. Where revised data exist for population components data, they should be used regardless of whether they were available at the time of previous rebasing processes (e.g. recently identified late registration births for NSW for 2005-2010 should be included).

10 OR 20 YEAR REVI S I O N PER I O D ?

A revision period of 10 years, where the PES undercount adjustment for 2006 is the only data revised, cannot provide a coherent or demographically plausible series. This is because the resulting quarter on quarter population change would be well outside what are considered to be acceptable margins of error on the components of growth (births, deaths and migration). While it might be considered appropriate to revise back to the start of the ERP series in 1971, at which point the undercount would also have been lower had the ADL methodology been available, this was not considered optimal. Revising back further than to 1991 would result in little gain for considerably greater effort.

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The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP continued

THE REVI S I O N MET HO D

The ABS treatment will involve revising the PES undercount adjustment component of the ERP rebasing methodology for the 1996, 2001 and 2006 bases. The revised PES undercount adjustments will be published in the 20 June 2013 issue of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) and will be determined through reference to: 1. Components of growth, which will be a strong indicator of change in historical ERP levels; 2. Historical intercensal error; 3. Studies into the impact of changes in PES undercount methodology, in particular the introduction of ADL in 2011; and 4. Other data, where available. The revisions will have the largest impact on 2006 ERP estimates and the smallest impact on 1996 ERP estimates. This will ensure the series is plausible between 1991 and 1996, given the growth reflected in the series prior to 1991, which will remain unchanged.

THE IMPAC T OF REVISIO N S

The 20 June 2013 issue of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0) will include the final rebased ERP estimates, based on the 2011 Census, and will also include all revised series at the national and state and territory levels back to 1991. An additional feature article will be included in this issue comparing the revised series with the previously published series. The ABS intends to release the revised sub-state series with the release of final rebased sub-state estimates in the August 2013 release of Regional Population Growth, Australia (cat. no. 3218.0). The intended revision to the 2006 PES undercount adjustment for Australia will be similar to the level obtained through the taking of components of growth back in time from 2011. The intended revision to the 2001 PES undercount adjustment will be smaller in magnitude than the revision applied to the 2006 PES undercount adjustment, and less again for the 1996 PES undercount adjustment. The graph below provides an illustrative representation of the impact of the 20 year revision at the national level on ERP, with the most noticeable revision being for 2006. The indicative revisions in the graph are 240,000 fewer people at 2006, 130,000 fewer at 2001 and 70,000 fewer at 1996.

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The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP continued

THE IMPAC T OF R E V I S I O N S continued

Preliminary ERP Components of Growth Intended Revisions

million 24

22

20

18

16 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011

Until a revised undercount adjustment is derived for each state and territory, the size and direction of their current 2006-11 intercensal error should be considered an illustrative guide. This information should be considered to be indicative since other data will be used to inform the size of revisions for each state and territory. Revisions at the sub-state level will be guided by revised undercount adjustment estimates at the capital city and rest of state level, and revisions for a state or territory should not be assumed to apply to all levels of geography within.
IMPL I C A T I O N S FOR OTHER STAT I S T I C A L SER I E S

The revisions to historical ERP will have implications for other ABS demographic data, including fertility and mortality statistics. The ABS intends to gauge the need for revisions to be applied to other ABS demographic data on an individual collection basis. A summary of the series for which revisions will be required will be included in the 20 June 2013 issue of Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0). The revisions to historical ERP data will also need to be applied to other ABS data for which historical ERP is a key input. Two of the most prominent examples of these data include Labour Force and National Accounts. The table below provides an indication of the timing of when these data will be revised and the publication within which they will be released.

Rel e a s e tim i n g

Publication Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2012 (cat. no. 3101.0) Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012 (cat. no. 3218.0) Expenditure and Product, Jun 2013 (cat. no. 5206.0)

Deliverable Final rebased ERP for 30 June 2011 and revised historical ERP series back to 1991 - national and state and territory levels Final rebased ERP for 30 June 2011 and revised historical ERP series back to 1991 - sub-state levels Final rebased ERP for 30 June 2011 and revised historical ERP series back to 1991 - national and state and territory levels Rebenchmarked Labour Force data, including historical revisions back to 1991 national, state and territory, and sub-state levels Rebenchmarked Labour Force data, including historical revisions back to 1991 national and state and territory

June 2013 August 2013

September 2013 Australian National Accounts: National Income,

February 2014 June 2014

Labour Force, Australia, Jan 2014 (cat. no. 6202.0) Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product, Mar 2014 (cat. no. 5206.0)

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The 2006-2011 Intercensal Period and Revisions to Historical ERP continued

IMPL I C A T I O N S FOR OTHER STAT I S T I C A L SER I E S continued

ERP is also used within a broad range of non-ABS data series. The ABS will work with a range of stakeholders to support them through the transition period and after revised data are released, and welcomes any requests for advice and support. For more information, please contact ABS Demography at demography@abs.gov.au.
!

FOR MORE INFO R MA T I O N

OTHE R RELEVAN T ABS REFER EN C ES

'Feature article: Preliminary Rebasing of Australia's Population Estimates using the 2011 Census of Population and Housing', Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2011 (cat. no. 3101.0)

'Technical note: The impact of improvements to the 2011 PES on measuring population growth (2006-2011)', Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2011 (cat. no. 3101.0)

'Technical note: Statistical impact of ADL', Census of Population and Housing Details of Undercount, 2011 (cat. no. 2940.0) 'Feature article: Proposed ABS Treatment of Intercensal Error for 2006-2011', Australian Demographic Statistics, Mar 2012 (cat. no. 3101.0) 'Feature article: Advice on the use of 2011 preliminary rebased ERP', Australian Demographic Statistics, Mar 2012 (cat. no. 3101.0)

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

23

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , SU M M A R Y , Au s t r a l i a Au s t r a l i a

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE(a)

POPULATION Growth on previous year(d)


'000

Births Pe r i o d
'000

Deaths
'000

Natural Increase
'000

Net Overseas Migration(b)


'000

Estimated Resident Population(c)(d )


'000

Growth on previous year(d)


%

200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (e) 201112 (e) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (e) 2011 (e) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (e) December (e) 2011 March (e) June (e) September (e) December (e) 2012 March (e) June (e)

277.7 289.5 297.1 291.2 296.8 297.8 268.5 285.3 294.1 295.3 289.5 296.7 70.6 67.1 70.4 69.5 73.8 71.5 72.8 71.3 75.5 74.5 73.2 73.9 74.7 73.6 73.7 69.2 76.0 70.5 76.1 74.2 74.9 71.5 74.8 76.6

136.0 140.7 143.7 141.5 146.3 146.5 134.5 139.8 142.5 141.6 143.4 147.0 36.4 33.2 31.6 34.8 39.3 34.1 32.2 35.1 40.5 34.6 33.1 35.5 38.0 35.0 32.7 35.8 39.7 35.3 35.9 35.4 40.6 35.1 34.7 36.1

141.7 148.8 153.3 149.7 150.5 151.3 134.0 145.5 151.6 153.7 146.0 149.7 34.3 34.0 38.8 34.7 34.5 37.5 40.6 36.2 35.0 39.9 40.1 38.4 36.7 38.6 41.0 33.5 36.4 35.2 40.2 38.8 34.4 36.4 40.1 40.4

232.8 277.3 299.9 196.1 170.3 208.3 182.2 244.1 315.7 246.9 168.8 184.0 56.9 50.6 76.1 49.2 62.8 56.0 93.5 65.1 84.1 73.0 88.7 54.0 62.5 41.7 59.9 32.0 42.5 34.5 57.8 35.5 44.7 46.0 71.0 46.7

21 015.9 21 384.4 21 778.8 22 065.3 22 323.9 22 683.6 20 845.4 21 178.0 21 587.1 21 928.6 22 182.8 22 485.3 20 775.0 20 845.4 20 946.1 21 015.9 21 098.9 21 178.0 21 297.6 21 384.4 21 488.8 21 587.1 21 701.1 21 778.8 21 863.2 21 928.6 22 014.7 22 065.3 22 128.6 22 182.8 22 265.2 22 323.9 22 403.0 22 485.3 22 596.5 22 683.6

318.1 368.5 394.4 286.5 258.6 359.6 301.4 332.5 409.1 341.5 254.1 302.6 305.0 301.4 308.3 318.1 323.9 332.5 351.5 368.5 389.9 409.1 403.6 394.4 374.4 341.5 313.5 286.5 265.4 254.1 250.6 258.6 274.4 302.6 331.2 359.6

1.54 1.75 1.84 1.32 1.17 1.61 1.47 1.60 1.93 1.58 1.16 1.36 1.49 1.47 1.49 1.54 1.56 1.60 1.68 1.75 1.85 1.93 1.89 1.84 1.74 1.58 1.44 1.32 1.21 1.16 1.14 1.17 1.24 1.36 1.49 1.61

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

For further information on each component of population change, see the Explanatory Notes. NOM estimates contain a break in series. Estimates for September 2006 onwards use an improved methodology and are not comparable with NOM estimate from earlier periods see paragraphs 1321 of the Explanatory Notes. Differences between growth on previous year and the sum of the components of population change prior to September quarter 2011 are due to intercensal error. ERP for the period September 2006 to June 2011 has a status of Preliminary Rebased, thereafter they are preliminary. Estimates of all components of population change for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary.

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2
Pe r i o d

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(a)

N A T U R A L I N C R E A S E (b) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
42 791 44 656 45 401 46 311 45 186 43 526 39 952 43 641 45 696 46 027 44 761 43 483 10 212 10 262 11 841 10 476 9 934 11 390 12 555 10 777 10 042 12 322 12 047 10 990 11 048 11 942 12 559 10 762 10 884 10 556 12 239 11 507 9 064 10 673 11 992 11 797 34 705 34 922 35 408 34 260 34 647 38 067 32 763 35 158 35 018 36 152 32 886 34 878 8 477 8 622 9 405 8 201 8 592 8 960 9 282 8 088 8 510 9 138 8 934 8 826 8 737 9 655 9 440 6 428 8 190 8 828 9 139 8 490 8 529 8 720 10 478 10 340 31 766 35 449 38 436 35 119 36 433 33 693 30 173 33 939 37 144 37 005 35 391 35 791 7 479 7 351 8 733 8 203 8 301 8 702 9 396 9 050 8 463 10 235 10 125 9 613 8 581 8 686 9 777 8 075 9 243 8 296 9 451 9 443 8 207 8 690 8 040 8 756 6 926 7 366 7 219 7 352 6 795 7 629 6 376 7 309 7 203 7 269 6 897 7 220 1 616 1 555 2 146 1 609 1 565 1 989 2 115 1 697 1 637 1 754 1 983 1 845 1 704 1 737 2 142 1 769 1 502 1 484 1 969 1 840 1 770 1 641 2 152 2 066 16 944 18 021 18 270 18 263 18 870 19 805 16 294 17 194 18 105 18 533 18 097 19 535 4 250 4 019 4 510 4 165 4 143 4 376 5 028 4 474 4 241 4 362 4 849 4 818 4 464 4 402 4 816 4 581 4 549 4 151 5 237 4 933 4 748 4 617 5 232 5 208 2 746 2 503 2 528 2 004 2 290 2 126 2 653 2 391 2 544 2 465 1 910 2 365 735 788 652 571 556 612 712 623 521 688 652 667 583 563 577 281 604 448 668 570 584 543 585 414 2 808 2 856 2 883 2 884 2 820 2 993 2 767 2 863 2 816 2 964 2 701 2 976 649 671 758 730 665 710 738 743 719 616 742 806 708 708 752 716 571 662 680 907 730 659 700 904 3 047 2 960 3 174 3 518 3 441 3 439 3 010 3 028 3 081 3 265 3 377 3 411 840 692 745 770 773 740 739 708 814 820 724 816 872 853 945 848 800 784 796 1 061 718 836 938 947 141 148 153 149 150 151 134 145 151 153 146 149 748 756 333 723 500 304 001 541 628 693 035 679

34 260 33 965 38 34 34 37 40 36 34 39 40 38 36 38 41 33 36 35 40 38 34 36 792 731 534 484 574 164 951 939 059 384 700 550 009 464 352 210 181 757 355 386

40 122 40 441

(a)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

Natural increase estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary on a quarter of registration basis see paragraphs 711 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

25

2
Pe r i o d

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(a)

N E T O V E R S E A S M I G R A T I O N (b)(c ) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
73 468 87 226 86 711 57 081 50 186 53 729 54 969 76 835 96 191 70 120 49 580 51 407 18 898 16 975 22 982 14 613 20 890 18 350 29 296 18 690 24 994 23 211 23 913 14 593 17 689 13 925 17 551 7 916 12 110 12 003 17 578 8 495 11 320 14 014 18 144 10 251 62 483 73 482 83 528 53 633 45 744 49 696 48 601 66 357 83 153 72 000 45 097 46 238 14 847 13 040 21 988 12 608 17 495 14 266 24 891 16 830 22 749 18 683 25 872 16 224 19 003 10 901 16 242 7 487 12 608 8 760 15 492 8 884 10 901 10 961 17 672 10 162 46 263 54 052 59 373 35 971 31 266 40 472 36 273 47 760 63 047 47 472 31 152 33 550 10 823 9 181 14 119 12 140 10 727 10 774 18 074 14 477 15 918 14 578 17 636 11 241 11 226 7 369 10 661 6 715 7 488 6 288 9 995 7 495 8 230 7 830 13 519 10 893 14 638 15 324 17 984 14 550 8 667 11 274 12 259 13 894 17 595 17 170 11 043 8 967 3 687 3 439 4 861 2 651 3 324 3 058 5 220 3 722 4 732 3 921 5 549 3 782 4 613 3 226 4 381 2 330 2 566 1 766 2 702 1 633 2 426 2 206 4 165 2 477 31 454 41 184 44 361 28 826 30 805 47 147 26 235 34 456 48 236 32 845 27 685 39 306 7 687 7 253 10 299 6 215 9 247 8 695 13 448 9 794 13 756 11 238 12 973 6 394 8 152 5 326 8 711 6 637 6 908 5 429 10 340 8 128 10 786 10 052 14 794 11 515 1 433 1 871 2 170 1 663 995 1 250 1 267 1 511 2 123 1 936 1 216 1 137 387 394 442 210 434 425 751 261 596 515 737 322 483 394 692 94 239 191 520 45 226 346 509 169 1 116 1 646 2 075 1 219 630 2 004 1 517 1 390 1 925 1 675 890 967 229 24 453 410 289 238 480 639 482 324 441 828 348 58 327 486 192 115 136 417 253 161 783 807 1 967 2 545 3 639 3 110 1 981 2 772 1 055 1 860 3 411 3 669 2 160 2 407 380 314 927 346 402 185 1 301 657 898 555 1 574 612 1 003 480 1 287 340 363 170 1 067 381 553 406 1 436 377 232 277 299 196 170 208 182 244 315 246 168 183 824 332 863 056 279 336 180 067 686 899 834 976

56 940 50 618 76 49 62 55 93 65 84 73 88 54 62 41 59 32 42 34 57 35 44 45 071 195 810 991 462 069 124 031 696 012 517 674 859 006 476 493 834 476 695 971

71 020 46 650

(a) (b) (c)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. NOM estimates contain a break in series. Estimates for September quarter 2006 onwards use an improved methodology and are not comparable with NOM estimates from earlier periods see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes. NOM estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

26

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

2
Pe r i o d

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(a)

N E T I N T E R S T A T E M I G R A T I O N (b) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
27 404 21 937 19 831 10 540 13 218 18 378 26 105 24 070 22 690 13 814 11 243 16 104 5 772 8 107 6 336 7 189 5 160 5 385 5 626 5 766 5 582 5 716 4 825 3 708 2 449 2 832 2 333 2 926 2 231 3 753 3 292 3 942 3 786 5 084 4 958 4 550 2 418 2 736 698 2 555 3 759 1 203 1 012 3 373 1 043 1 801 2 870 3 329 380 528 756 754 338 1 525 86 787 46 124 669 199 244 689 872 750 384 864 1 383 1 128 259 559 472 87 27 044 23 088 18 388 9 576 7 150 11 796 25 959 25 659 21 228 13 519 7 243 9 608 5 648 8 295 6 539 6 562 5 615 6 943 5 187 5 343 5 270 5 428 3 937 3 753 2 865 2 964 1 430 2 317 1 688 1 808 1 578 2 076 2 665 3 289 3 153 2 689 3 658 4 499 4 676 2 964 2 613 2 357 2 734 3 951 5 195 3 317 3 163 2 325 563 1 131 1 105 859 952 1 035 1 422 1 090 1 189 1 494 1 215 778 465 859 910 730 808 715 400 690 663 572 754 368 5 188 4 808 4 825 1 962 6 163 11 085 4 528 4 674 6 265 2 274 3 944 8 460 1 038 1 105 1 447 1 598 889 740 1 710 1 469 1 640 1 446 1 310 429 181 354 772 655 1 202 1 315 1 824 1 822 2 002 2 812 3 296 2 975 926 344 672 322 47 2 552 680 176 733 50 544 1 390 246 226 153 301 160 118 96 30 269 398 164 159 9 64 371 6 49 118 1 215 368 808 663 713 253 1 197 746 842 2 549 1 492 428 885 691 186 1 690 2 171 224 89 4 122 382 385 30 460 256 5 111 374 33 332 375 168 288 859 1 078 324 157 612 565 158 1 921 265 822 69 1 355 695 493 352 11 599 1 495 593 51 681 368 821 596 241 171 401 618 57 151 110 418 80 173 96 4 1 222 16 145 48 416 19 212 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

.. (a)

not applicable Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b)

Estimates of net interstate migration for September quarter 2006 onwards are preliminary see paragraphs 2226 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

27

2
Pe r i o d

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(a)

T O T A L P O P U L A T I O N G R O W T H (b)(c )( d ) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
69 117 90 687 93 816 75 221 66 540 78 877 62 218 76 913 100 342 84 295 66 484 70 982 18 383 14 183 23 586 12 965 20 831 19 531 31 437 18 888 24 816 25 201 26 539 17 260 21 870 18 626 23 381 11 344 16 852 14 907 22 633 12 148 16 598 19 603 25 178 17 498 78 067 88 481 102 049 73 293 66 096 88 966 76 750 81 194 99 744 92 585 63 252 75 425 18 761 16 954 26 470 15 882 21 447 17 395 29 799 19 840 26 815 23 290 31 089 20 855 23 686 16 955 22 278 10 374 16 666 13 934 21 511 13 985 19 689 20 240 28 622 20 415 86 181 93 002 95 335 58 732 49 940 85 961 86 393 88 126 101 205 76 603 50 375 66 493 19 205 20 094 24 697 22 185 19 725 21 519 27 786 23 972 24 414 25 033 26 503 19 385 17 174 13 541 16 405 11 612 12 181 10 177 14 813 12 769 19 102 19 809 24 712 22 338 14 671 14 784 17 032 15 059 8 798 16 546 15 499 13 929 16 144 17 436 10 816 11 844 3 927 3 056 5 090 2 598 3 080 3 161 5 062 3 481 4 304 3 297 5 451 3 980 4 880 3 125 4 651 2 403 2 245 1 517 3 267 1 769 3 533 3 275 5 563 4 175 54 460 64 736 68 082 49 470 56 086 78 037 47 903 57 122 73 283 54 169 50 063 67 420 13 202 12 592 16 469 12 197 14 465 13 991 20 362 15 918 19 795 17 208 19 282 11 797 12 894 10 196 14 404 11 976 12 715 10 968 17 458 14 945 17 536 17 481 23 322 19 698 3 617 4 997 5 529 4 113 2 988 824 3 486 4 046 5 620 4 488 3 607 1 976 974 1 056 1 024 563 1 230 1 229 1 622 916 1 440 1 642 1 586 861 1 116 925 1 659 413 837 698 1 112 341 442 81 431 130 4 394 5 914 5 906 3 474 1 016 3 505 4 049 5 353 5 630 5 032 2 058 1 836 1 174 655 1 251 1 314 1 405 1 383 1 232 1 894 1 514 990 1 340 2 062 1 150 480 751 1 093 504 290 236 1 038 826 208 918 1 553 7 448 5 741 6 498 6 947 6 999 6 906 4 962 5 742 7 010 6 780 7 342 6 513 1 401 1 822 2 170 2 055 712 805 2 333 1 891 1 231 1 555 2 260 1 452 1 567 1 501 2 488 1 391 1 234 2 229 1 884 1 652 1 319 1 658 2 393 1 536 318 368 394 286 258 359 301 332 409 341 254 302 056 491 418 472 616 640 351 543 126 547 144 565

77 074 70 461 100 69 82 79 119 86 104 98 114 77 84 65 86 50 63 54 82 58 79 82 729 792 948 074 636 833 383 274 060 701 398 388 042 644 299 159 470 688 050 357

111 142 87 091

(a) (b) (c) (d)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Differences between total growth and the sum of components of population change prior to September quarter 2011 are due to intercensal error. Estimates of total population growth for September quarter 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for the period September 2006 to June 2011 have a status of Preliminary Rebased see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

28

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s of to t a l po p u l a t i o n gro w t h rat e ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales Pe r i o d


%

Victoria
%

Queensland
%

South Australia
%

Western Australia
%

Tasmania
%

Northern Territory
%

Australian Capital Territory


%

Australia(b)
%

N A T U R A L I N C R E A S E R A T E (c) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
0.63 0.65 0.65 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.59 0.64 0.66 0.66 0.63 0.61 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.15 0.14 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.13 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.68 0.67 0.67 0.64 0.63 0.69 0.64 0.68 0.67 0.68 0.60 0.63 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.12 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.78 0.85 0.90 0.80 0.82 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.88 0.86 0.81 0.80 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.22 0.18 0.21 0.19 0.21 0.21 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.44 0.47 0.45 0.46 0.42 0.47 0.41 0.46 0.45 0.45 0.43 0.44 0.10 0.10 0.14 0.10 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.82 0.85 0.84 0.81 0.82 0.84 0.80 0.82 0.85 0.84 0.80 0.84 0.21 0.19 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.23 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.22 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.20 0.20 0.18 0.23 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.22 0.22 0.56 0.51 0.51 0.40 0.45 0.42 0.54 0.49 0.51 0.49 0.38 0.46 0.15 0.16 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.06 0.12 0.09 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.08 1.33 1.33 1.30 1.27 1.22 1.29 1.33 1.35 1.29 1.33 1.18 1.29 0.31 0.32 0.36 0.34 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.28 0.33 0.36 0.31 0.31 0.33 0.31 0.25 0.29 0.29 0.39 0.32 0.28 0.30 0.39 0.91 0.87 0.91 0.99 0.95 0.94 0.91 0.90 0.90 0.93 0.95 0.94 0.25 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.22 0.22 0.20 0.23 0.24 0.21 0.23 0.25 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.20 0.23 0.25 0.25 0.68 0.71 0.72 0.69 0.68 0.68 0.65 0.70 0.72 0.71 0.67 0.67 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.19 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.15 0.16 0.18 0.18

(a) (b)

Total population growth rate broken down into its three components. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(c)

Natural increase estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary on a quarter of registration basis see paragraphs 711 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

29

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s of to t a l po p u l a t i o n gro w t h rat e ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s


conti n u e d

New South Wales Pe r i o d


%

Victoria
%

Queensland
%

South Australia
%

Western Australia
%

Tasmania
%

Northern Territory
%

Australian Capital Territory


%

Australia(b)
%

N E T O V E R S E A S M I G R A T I O N R A T E (c)( d) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
1.08 1.27 1.24 0.81 0.70 0.75 0.81 1.12 1.39 1.00 0.70 0.72 0.28 0.25 0.34 0.21 0.30 0.27 0.42 0.27 0.36 0.33 0.34 0.21 0.25 0.20 0.25 0.11 0.17 0.17 0.24 0.12 0.16 0.19 0.25 0.14 1.22 1.41 1.58 0.99 0.84 0.90 0.96 1.29 1.59 1.35 0.83 0.84 0.29 0.25 0.43 0.24 0.34 0.27 0.47 0.32 0.43 0.35 0.48 0.30 0.35 0.20 0.30 0.14 0.23 0.16 0.28 0.16 0.20 0.20 0.32 0.18 1.13 1.29 1.39 0.82 0.71 0.90 0.90 1.16 1.49 1.10 0.71 0.75 0.26 0.22 0.34 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.43 0.34 0.37 0.34 0.41 0.26 0.26 0.17 0.24 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.22 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.30 0.24 0.93 0.97 1.13 0.90 0.53 0.69 0.79 0.88 1.11 1.07 0.68 0.55 0.24 0.22 0.31 0.17 0.21 0.19 0.33 0.23 0.30 0.24 0.35 0.23 0.29 0.20 0.27 0.14 0.16 0.11 0.17 0.10 0.15 0.13 0.25 0.15 1.53 1.95 2.04 1.28 1.34 2.00 1.29 1.65 2.25 1.48 1.22 1.69 0.37 0.35 0.49 0.30 0.44 0.41 0.63 0.45 0.63 0.51 0.59 0.29 0.36 0.24 0.38 0.29 0.30 0.24 0.45 0.35 0.46 0.42 0.62 0.48 0.29 0.38 0.44 0.33 0.20 0.24 0.26 0.31 0.43 0.39 0.24 0.22 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.04 0.09 0.09 0.15 0.05 0.12 0.10 0.15 0.06 0.10 0.08 0.14 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.01 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.03 0.53 0.77 0.94 0.54 0.27 0.87 0.73 0.65 0.88 0.75 0.39 0.42 0.11 0.01 0.21 0.19 0.13 0.11 0.22 0.29 0.22 0.15 0.20 0.37 0.15 0.03 0.14 0.21 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.18 0.11 0.07 0.34 0.35 0.59 0.75 1.05 0.88 0.55 0.75 0.32 0.55 0.99 1.05 0.61 0.66 0.11 0.09 0.27 0.10 0.12 0.05 0.38 0.19 0.26 0.16 0.45 0.17 0.28 0.14 0.36 0.09 0.10 0.05 0.29 0.10 0.15 0.11 0.39 0.10 1.12 1.32 1.40 0.90 0.77 0.93 0.89 1.17 1.49 1.14 0.77 0.83 0.28 0.24 0.36 0.23 0.30 0.27 0.44 0.31 0.39 0.34 0.41 0.25 0.29 0.19 0.27 0.15 0.19 0.16 0.26 0.16 0.20 0.21 0.32 0.21

(a) (b) (c) (d)

Total population growth rate broken down into its three components. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. NOM estimates contain a break in series. Estimates for December quarter 2006 onwards use an improved methodology and are not comparable with NOM estimates from earlier periods see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes. NOM estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

30

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s of to t a l po p u l a t i o n gro w t h rat e ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s


conti n u e d

New South Wales Pe r i o d


%

Victoria
%

Queensland
%

South Australia
%

Western Australia
%

Tasmania
%

Northern Territory
%

Australian Capital Territory


%

Australia(b)
%

N E T I N T E R S T A T E M I G R A T I O N (c) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
0.40 0.32 0.28 0.15 0.18 0.25 0.38 0.35 0.33 0.20 0.16 0.22 0.08 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.05 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.66 0.55 0.43 0.22 0.16 0.26 0.64 0.62 0.50 0.31 0.16 0.22 0.14 0.20 0.16 0.16 0.13 0.17 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.23 0.28 0.29 0.18 0.16 0.14 0.18 0.25 0.33 0.21 0.19 0.14 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.09 0.27 0.47 0.22 0.22 0.29 0.10 0.17 0.36 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.14 0.12 0.19 0.07 0.13 0.06 0.01 0.50 0.14 0.04 0.15 0.01 0.11 0.27 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.08 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.16 0.13 0.14 0.12 0.56 0.34 0.37 1.11 0.64 0.21 0.42 0.32 0.08 0.74 0.94 0.11 0.04 0.06 0.18 0.18 0.01 0.21 0.12 0.05 0.17 0.01 0.15 0.16 0.07 0.13 0.37 0.47 0.14 0.07 0.26 0.24 0.07 0.57 0.08 0.24 0.02 0.38 0.19 0.15 0.10 0.17 0.42 0.16 0.02 0.20 0.11 0.24 0.17 0.07 0.05 0.12 0.18 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.34 0.04 0.01 0.11 0.01 0.06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . .

.. (a) (b)

not applicable nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Total population growth rate broken down into its three components. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(c)

Estimates of net interstate migration for September quarter 2006 onwards are preliminary see paragraphs 2226 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

31

PO P U L A T I O N CH A N G E , Co m p o n e n t s of to t a l po p u l a t i o n gro w t h rat e ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s


conti n u e d

New South Wales Pe r i o d


%

Victoria
%

Queensland
%

South Australia
%

Western Australia
%

Tasmania
%

Northern Territory
%

Australian Capital Territory


%

Australia(b)
%

T O T A L P O P U L A T I O N G R O W T H R A T E (c)(d )( e ) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June
1.01 1.32 1.34 1.06 0.93 1.09 0.92 1.12 1.45 1.20 0.94 0.99 0.27 0.21 0.34 0.19 0.30 0.28 0.45 0.27 0.36 0.36 0.38 0.24 0.31 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.24 0.21 0.32 0.17 0.23 0.27 0.35 0.24 1.52 1.70 1.93 1.36 1.21 1.61 1.51 1.57 1.90 1.73 1.16 1.37 0.37 0.33 0.51 0.31 0.41 0.33 0.57 0.38 0.51 0.44 0.58 0.39 0.44 0.31 0.41 0.19 0.30 0.25 0.39 0.25 0.36 0.36 0.51 0.36 2.11 2.23 2.23 1.35 1.13 1.92 2.14 2.13 2.40 1.77 1.15 1.50 0.47 0.49 0.60 0.53 0.47 0.51 0.66 0.56 0.57 0.58 0.61 0.45 0.39 0.31 0.37 0.26 0.28 0.23 0.33 0.29 0.43 0.44 0.55 0.49 0.94 0.93 1.07 0.93 0.54 1.01 0.99 0.88 1.02 1.09 0.67 0.73 0.25 0.19 0.32 0.16 0.19 0.20 0.32 0.22 0.27 0.21 0.34 0.25 0.30 0.19 0.29 0.15 0.14 0.09 0.20 0.11 0.22 0.20 0.34 0.25 2.64 3.06 3.13 2.20 2.44 3.32 2.35 2.74 3.42 2.44 2.21 2.91 0.64 0.61 0.79 0.58 0.68 0.66 0.95 0.74 0.91 0.78 0.87 0.53 0.57 0.45 0.63 0.52 0.55 0.48 0.75 0.64 0.75 0.74 0.98 0.82 0.74 1.01 1.11 0.82 0.59 0.16 0.71 0.82 1.13 0.89 0.71 0.39 0.20 0.22 0.21 0.11 0.25 0.25 0.33 0.18 0.29 0.33 0.32 0.17 0.22 0.18 0.33 0.08 0.16 0.14 0.22 0.07 0.09 0.02 0.08 0.03 2.09 2.75 2.67 1.53 0.44 1.52 1.94 2.52 2.58 2.25 0.90 0.80 0.56 0.31 0.59 0.61 0.65 0.64 0.57 0.86 0.69 0.45 0.60 0.92 0.51 0.21 0.33 0.48 0.22 0.13 0.10 0.45 0.36 0.09 0.40 0.67 2.23 1.68 1.87 1.96 1.94 1.88 1.49 1.70 2.04 1.94 2.06 1.79 0.42 0.54 0.64 0.61 0.21 0.24 0.68 0.55 0.35 0.45 0.65 0.41 0.44 0.42 0.70 0.39 0.34 0.62 0.52 0.45 0.36 0.45 0.65 0.41 1.54 1.75 1.84 1.32 1.17 1.61 1.47 1.60 1.93 1.58 1.16 1.36 0.37 0.34 0.48 0.33 0.39 0.37 0.56 0.41 0.49 0.46 0.53 0.36 0.39 0.30 0.39 0.23 0.29 0.24 0.37 0.26 0.35 0.37 0.49 0.39

(a) (b) (c)

Total population growth rate broken down into its three components. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Differences between total population growth and the sum of the components of population change prior to September quarter 2011 are due to intercensal error.

(d) (e)

Estimates of total population growth for September quarter 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for the period September 2006 to June 2011 have a status of Preliminary Rebased see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory notes.

32

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales A t e n d of pe r i o d


no.

Victoria
no.

Queensland
no.

South Australia
no.

Western Australia
no.

Tasmania
no.

Northern Territory
no.

Australian Capital Territory


no.

Australia(a)
no.

M A L E (b) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 (c) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September (c) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
3 411 511 3 459 180 3 507 845 3 544 547 3 578 168 3 616 630 3 391 829 3 432 909 3 485 675 3 527 517 3 560 514 3 596 073 3 384 978 3 391 829 3 404 294 3 411 511 3 422 898 3 432 909 3 449 425 3 459 180 3 472 470 3 485 675 3 499 265 3 507 845 3 518 696 3 527 517 3 539 149 3 544 547 3 553 021 3 560 514 3 571 789 3 578 168 3 586 378 3 596 073 3 608 115 3 616 630 2 575 717 2 620 714 2 672 785 2 706 418 2 736 772 2 780 433 2 553 423 2 595 317 2 646 407 2 691 818 2 720 271 2 755 990 2 544 961 2 553 423 2 567 476 2 575 717 2 586 857 2 595 317 2 610 786 2 620 714 2 634 848 2 646 407 2 662 078 2 672 785 2 684 362 2 691 818 2 702 142 2 706 418 2 714 098 2 720 271 2 730 268 2 736 772 2 746 445 2 755 990 2 770 259 2 780 433 2 084 699 2 131 421 2 179 391 2 206 851 2 230 275 2 273 083 2 060 727 2 104 367 2 156 603 2 193 877 2 217 046 2 249 403 2 050 976 2 060 727 2 073 036 2 084 699 2 093 817 2 104 367 2 118 549 2 131 421 2 143 837 2 156 603 2 169 944 2 179 391 2 187 486 2 193 877 2 201 421 2 206 851 2 212 615 2 217 046 2 223 992 2 230 275 2 239 957 2 249 403 2 261 921 2 273 083 781 318 788 783 797 868 805 709 810 379 818 896 777 498 784 227 792 789 802 219 807 640 813 869 776 029 777 498 780 053 781 318 782 815 784 227 786 834 788 783 791 157 792 789 795 724 797 868 800 550 802 219 804 413 805 709 806 935 807 640 809 327 810 379 812 292 813 869 816 650 818 896 1 065 589 1 098 270 1 132 500 1 156 497 1 183 336 1 225 038 1 051 265 1 079 616 1 116 834 1 143 328 1 167 527 1 201 686 1 045 198 1 051 265 1 059 570 1 065 589 1 072 797 1 079 616 1 090 064 1 098 270 1 108 337 1 116 834 1 126 544 1 132 500 1 138 635 1 143 328 1 150 396 1 156 497 1 162 476 1 167 527 1 176 044 1 183 336 1 192 609 1 201 686 1 214 436 1 225 038 243 757 246 773 249 919 252 351 254 420 255 064 242 743 245 304 248 467 251 023 253 371 254 734 242 131 242 743 243 369 243 757 244 541 245 304 246 235 246 773 247 566 248 467 249 349 249 919 250 567 251 023 252 002 252 351 252 869 253 371 254 089 254 420 254 630 254 734 255 006 255 064 111 733 115 342 118 757 120 798 121 483 123 253 110 357 113 438 116 704 119 647 121 081 121 914 110 027 110 357 110 993 111 733 112 547 113 438 114 118 115 342 116 154 116 704 117 485 118 757 119 372 119 647 120 091 120 798 121 097 121 081 120 801 121 483 121 837 121 914 122 333 123 253 169 052 172 084 175 679 179 125 182 740 186 350 166 878 169 749 173 611 177 131 180 884 184 281 166 031 166 878 167 991 169 052 169 420 169 749 171 102 172 084 172 798 173 611 174 847 175 679 176 430 177 131 178 309 179 125 179 863 180 884 181 911 182 740 183 420 184 281 185 469 186 350 10 10 10 10 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 11 444 634 836 974 099 280 356 526 738 908 030 180 803 132 468 176 615 804 112 442 751 373 307 000

10 321 675 10 356 112 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 408 444 487 526 588 634 688 738 796 836 877 908 949 974 004 030 070 099 139 180 177 803 161 442 643 132 780 751 916 468 873 373 766 176 913 307 227 615 615 000

11 236 241 11 280 804

(a) (b) (c)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for the period September 2006 to June 2011 have a status of Preliminary Rebased see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimated resident population figures for September quarter 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

33

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales A t e n d of pe r i o d


no.

Victoria
no.

Queensland
no.

South Australia
no.

Western Australia
no.

Tasmania
no.

Northern Territory
no.

Australian Capital Territory


no.

Australia(a)
no.

F E M A L E (b) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 (c) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September (c) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
3 473 693 3 516 711 3 561 862 3 600 381 3 633 300 3 673 715 3 456 824 3 492 657 3 540 233 3 582 686 3 616 173 3 651 596 3 449 492 3 456 824 3 467 945 3 473 693 3 483 137 3 492 657 3 507 578 3 516 711 3 528 237 3 540 233 3 553 182 3 561 862 3 572 881 3 582 686 3 594 435 3 600 381 3 608 759 3 616 173 3 627 531 3 633 300 3 641 688 3 651 596 3 664 732 3 673 715 2 628 890 2 672 374 2 722 352 2 762 012 2 797 754 2 843 059 2 608 832 2 648 132 2 696 786 2 743 960 2 778 759 2 818 465 2 600 340 2 608 832 2 621 249 2 628 890 2 639 197 2 648 132 2 662 462 2 672 374 2 685 055 2 696 786 2 712 204 2 722 352 2 734 461 2 743 960 2 755 914 2 762 012 2 770 998 2 778 759 2 790 273 2 797 754 2 807 770 2 818 465 2 832 818 2 843 059 2 092 390 2 138 670 2 186 035 2 217 307 2 243 823 2 286 976 2 069 480 2 113 966 2 162 935 2 202 264 2 229 470 2 263 606 2 059 137 2 069 480 2 081 868 2 092 390 2 102 997 2 113 966 2 127 570 2 138 670 2 150 668 2 162 935 2 176 097 2 186 035 2 195 114 2 202 264 2 211 125 2 217 307 2 223 724 2 229 470 2 237 337 2 243 823 2 253 243 2 263 606 2 275 800 2 286 976 801 241 808 560 816 507 823 725 827 853 835 882 797 373 804 573 812 155 820 161 825 556 831 171 795 786 797 373 799 908 801 241 802 824 804 573 807 028 808 560 810 490 812 155 814 671 816 507 818 705 820 161 822 618 823 725 824 744 825 556 827 136 827 853 829 473 831 171 833 953 835 882 1 048 252 1 080 307 1 114 159 1 139 632 1 168 879 1 205 214 1 033 910 1 062 681 1 098 746 1 126 421 1 152 285 1 185 546 1 027 385 1 033 910 1 042 074 1 048 252 1 055 509 1 062 681 1 072 595 1 080 307 1 090 035 1 098 746 1 108 318 1 114 159 1 120 918 1 126 421 1 133 757 1 139 632 1 146 368 1 152 285 1 161 226 1 168 879 1 177 142 1 185 546 1 196 118 1 205 214 249 811 251 792 254 175 255 856 256 775 256 955 249 238 250 723 253 180 255 112 256 371 256 984 248 794 249 238 249 636 249 811 250 257 250 723 251 414 251 792 252 439 253 180 253 884 254 175 254 643 255 112 255 792 255 856 256 175 256 371 256 765 256 775 257 007 256 984 257 143 256 955 103 288 105 593 108 084 109 517 109 848 111 583 102 099 104 371 106 735 108 824 109 448 110 451 101 774 102 099 102 714 103 288 103 879 104 371 104 923 105 593 106 295 106 735 107 294 108 084 108 619 108 824 109 131 109 517 109 722 109 448 109 492 109 848 110 320 110 451 110 950 111 583 172 515 175 224 178 127 181 628 185 012 188 308 170 464 173 335 176 483 179 743 183 332 186 448 169 489 170 464 171 521 172 515 172 859 173 335 174 315 175 224 175 741 176 483 177 507 178 127 178 943 179 743 181 053 181 628 182 124 183 332 184 189 185 012 185 651 186 448 187 653 188 308 10 10 10 11 11 11 10 10 10 11 11 11 571 750 942 091 224 402 489 651 848 020 152 305 133 295 377 141 318 769 303 516 333 258 468 340

10 453 279 10 489 303 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 537 571 611 651 708 750 800 848 904 942 985 020 064 091 123 152 195 224 263 305 967 133 723 516 951 295 030 333 228 377 370 258 907 141 703 468 018 318 368 340

11 360 241 11 402 769

(a) (b) (c)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for the period September 2006 to June 2011 have a status of Preliminary Rebased see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimated resident population figures for September quarter 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

34

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales A t e n d of pe r i o d


no.

Victoria
no.

Queensland
no.

South Australia
no.

Western Australia
no.

Tasmania
no.

Northern Territory
no.

Australian Capital Territory


no.

Australia(a)
no.

P E R S O N S (b) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 (c) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September (c) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
6 885 204 6 975 891 7 069 707 7 144 928 7 211 468 7 290 345 6 848 653 6 925 566 7 025 908 7 110 203 7 176 687 7 247 669 6 834 470 6 848 653 6 872 239 6 885 204 6 906 035 6 925 566 6 957 003 6 975 891 7 000 707 7 025 908 7 052 447 7 069 707 7 091 577 7 110 203 7 133 584 7 144 928 7 161 780 7 176 687 7 199 320 7 211 468 7 228 066 7 247 669 7 272 847 7 290 345 5 204 607 5 293 088 5 395 137 5 468 430 5 534 526 5 623 492 5 162 255 5 243 449 5 343 193 5 435 778 5 499 030 5 574 455 5 145 301 5 162 255 5 188 725 5 204 607 5 226 054 5 243 449 5 273 248 5 293 088 5 319 903 5 343 193 5 374 282 5 395 137 5 418 823 5 435 778 5 458 056 5 468 430 5 485 096 5 499 030 5 520 541 5 534 526 5 554 215 5 574 455 5 603 077 5 623 492 4 177 089 4 270 091 4 365 426 4 424 158 4 474 098 4 560 059 4 130 207 4 218 333 4 319 538 4 396 141 4 446 516 4 513 009 4 110 113 4 130 207 4 154 904 4 177 089 4 196 814 4 218 333 4 246 119 4 270 091 4 294 505 4 319 538 4 346 041 4 365 426 4 382 600 4 396 141 4 412 546 4 424 158 4 436 339 4 446 516 4 461 329 4 474 098 4 493 200 4 513 009 4 537 721 4 560 059 1 582 559 1 597 343 1 614 375 1 629 434 1 638 232 1 654 778 1 574 871 1 588 800 1 604 944 1 622 380 1 633 196 1 645 040 1 571 815 1 574 871 1 579 961 1 582 559 1 585 639 1 588 800 1 593 862 1 597 343 1 601 647 1 604 944 1 610 395 1 614 375 1 619 255 1 622 380 1 627 031 1 629 434 1 631 679 1 633 196 1 636 463 1 638 232 1 641 765 1 645 040 1 650 603 1 654 778 2 113 841 2 178 577 2 246 659 2 296 129 2 352 215 2 430 252 2 085 175 2 142 297 2 215 580 2 269 749 2 319 812 2 387 232 2 072 583 2 085 175 2 101 644 2 113 841 2 128 306 2 142 297 2 162 659 2 178 577 2 198 372 2 215 580 2 234 862 2 246 659 2 259 553 2 269 749 2 284 153 2 296 129 2 308 844 2 319 812 2 337 270 2 352 215 2 369 751 2 387 232 2 410 554 2 430 252 493 568 498 565 504 094 508 207 511 195 512 019 491 981 496 027 501 647 506 135 509 742 511 718 490 925 491 981 493 005 493 568 494 798 496 027 497 649 498 565 500 005 501 647 503 233 504 094 505 210 506 135 507 794 508 207 509 044 509 742 510 854 511 195 511 637 511 718 512 149 512 019 215 021 220 935 226 841 230 315 231 331 234 836 212 456 217 809 223 439 228 471 230 529 232 365 211 801 212 456 213 707 215 021 216 426 217 809 219 041 220 935 222 449 223 439 224 779 226 841 227 991 228 471 229 222 230 315 230 819 230 529 230 293 231 331 232 157 232 365 233 283 234 836 341 567 347 308 353 806 360 753 367 752 374 658 337 342 343 084 350 094 356 874 364 216 370 729 335 520 337 342 339 512 341 567 342 279 343 084 345 417 347 308 348 539 350 094 352 354 353 806 355 373 356 874 359 362 360 753 361 987 364 216 366 100 367 752 369 071 370 729 373 122 374 658 21 21 21 22 22 22 20 21 21 21 22 22 015 384 778 065 323 683 845 177 587 928 182 485 936 427 845 317 933 573 415 958 084 631 775 340

20 774 954 20 845 415 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 22 946 015 098 177 297 384 488 587 701 778 863 928 014 065 128 182 265 323 402 485 144 936 884 958 594 427 810 084 144 845 243 631 673 317 616 775 245 933 983 340

22 596 482 22 683 573

(a) (b) (c)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for the period September 2006 to June 2011 have a status of Preliminary Rebased see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimated resident population figures for September quarter 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

35

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N (a) ( b ) ( c ) , Maj o r po p u l a t i o n reg i o n s at 30 Ju n e

CHANGE 2006(d) AS G S Po p u l a t i o n r e g i o n
no.

AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 20102011


no.

2010(e)
no.

2011(e)
no.

20062011
no.

20062011
%

20102011
%

GREA T E R CAPI T A L CIT Y STAT I S T I C A L AREA S 1GSYD 2GMEL 3GBRI 4GADE 5GPER 6GHOB 7GDAR 8ACTE Greater Sydney Greater Melbourne Greater Brisbane Greater Adelaide Greater Perth Greater Hobart Greater Darwin Australian Capital Territory
4 282 061 3 798 988 1 914 876 1 199 605 1 590 007 206 593 114 362 334 119 4 550 200 4 108 441 2 113 025 1 253 778 1 785 076 214 627 128 128 360 753 4 605 992 4 169 103 2 146 577 1 262 940 1 832 114 216 276 129 062 367 752 323 931 370 115 231 701 63 335 242 107 9 683 14 700 33 633 55 792 60 662 33 552 9 162 47 038 1 649 934 6 999 1.47 1.88 2.31 1.03 2.88 0.92 2.45 1.94 1.23 1.48 1.59 0.73 2.64 0.77 0.73 1.94

SIGNI F I C A N T URBA N AREAS 3006 1023 8001 1035 3014 2008 3016 3003 3015 2003 2004 6004 1001 3010 3013 3002 5003 1011 1034 3008 2013 2017 1027 3005 2019 1031 1025 5006 1006 1012 1024 1005 2022 5007 5001 Gold Coast - Tweed Heads (QLD/NSW) Newcastle - Maitland (NSW) Canberra - Queanbeyan (ACT/NSW) Wollongong (NSW) Sunshine Coast (QLD) Geelong (VIC) Townsville (QLD) Cairns (QLD) Toowoomba (QLD) Ballarat (VIC) Bendigo (VIC) Launceston (TAS) Albury - Wodonga (NSW/VIC) Mackay (QLD) Rockhampton (QLD) Bundaberg (QLD) Bunbury (WA) Coffs Harbour (NSW) Wagga Wagga (NSW) Hervey Bay (QLD) Mildura - Wentworth (VIC) Shepparton - Mooroopna (VIC) Port Macquarie (NSW) Gladstone - Tannum Sands (QLD) Traralgon - Morwell (VIC) Tamworth (NSW) Orange (NSW) Geraldton (WA) Bowral - Mittagong (NSW) Dubbo (NSW) Nowra - Bomaderry (NSW) Bathurst (NSW) Warrnambool (VIC) Kalgoorlie - Boulder (WA) Albany (WA)
527 340 399 712 369 453 270 997 260 687 170 634 153 113 125 681 108 354 86 689 82 483 81 968 81 602 73 931 73 437 66 337 58 694 63 529 52 117 44 258 47 800 45 102 40 604 40 169 38 566 38 474 35 556 34 175 35 118 34 273 32 577 31 753 31 971 30 141 30 492 574 183 410 825 397 411 279 642 278 210 175 682 165 407 138 404 109 212 91 956 86 328 85 427 83 652 78 402 75 599 69 139 66 053 66 162 53 802 49 476 48 474 47 312 42 767 42 283 40 105 39 879 37 168 36 670 36 068 35 328 34 186 33 469 32 806 31 624 31 479 579 909 413 962 404 559 280 705 279 870 177 023 167 847 139 693 108 933 93 293 87 219 86 008 84 233 79 434 75 866 69 016 67 421 66 615 53 905 49 710 48 466 47 549 43 153 43 117 40 415 40 263 37 849 37 114 36 183 35 519 34 605 33 737 32 947 31 880 31 538 52 569 14 250 35 106 9 708 19 183 6 389 14 734 14 012 579 6 604 4 736 4 040 2 631 5 503 2 429 2 679 8 727 3 086 1 788 5 452 666 2 447 2 549 2 948 1 849 1 789 2 293 2 939 1 065 1 246 2 028 1 984 976 1 739 1 046 5 726 3 137 7 148 1 063 1 660 1 341 2 440 1 289 279 1 337 891 581 581 1 032 267 123 1 368 453 103 234 8 237 386 834 310 384 681 444 115 191 419 268 141 256 59 1.92 0.70 1.83 0.71 1.43 0.74 1.85 2.14 0.11 1.48 1.12 0.97 0.64 1.45 0.65 0.79 2.81 0.95 0.68 2.35 0.28 1.06 1.23 1.43 0.94 0.91 1.26 1.66 0.60 0.72 1.22 1.22 0.60 1.13 0.68 1.00 0.76 1.80 0.38 0.60 0.76 1.48 0.93 0.26 1.45 1.03 0.68 0.69 1.32 0.35 0.18 2.07 0.68 0.19 0.47 0.02 0.50 0.90 1.97 0.77 0.96 1.83 1.21 0.32 0.54 1.23 0.80 0.43 0.81 0.19

(a) (b) (c)

(d) (e)

Estimates are based on the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS) boundaries. Based on data published in Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 3218.0). For more information on Greater Capital City Statistical Areas and Significant Urban Areas, see Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 1 Main Structure and Greater Capital City Statistical Areas, July 2011 (cat. no. 1270.0.55.001) and Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS): Volume 4 Significant Urban Areas, Urban Centres and Localities, Section of State, July 2011 (cat. no. 1270.0.55.004). Estimates are final and based on the 2006 Census. Estimates are preliminary rebased and based on the 2011 Census.

36

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

6
Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 2

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

MALE S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
243 727 232 220 227 163 237 757 254 856 262 874 254 224 248 090 252 377 242 912 244 579 218 524 199 048 168 653 121 303 90 293 66 394 36 792 12 441 2 184 219 3 616 630 184 448 172 808 168 393 181 781 209 871 218 400 202 626 193 993 201 359 186 908 183 080 162 664 146 256 122 585 90 076 67 078 49 389 27 498 9 354 1 687 179 2 780 433 159 048 153 166 151 054 156 160 165 296 167 934 154 878 155 643 163 196 153 314 150 711 133 256 124 004 103 307 72 128 49 456 34 381 18 435 6 428 1 185 103 2 273 083 50 790 48 774 49 687 53 779 59 012 58 238 52 543 52 248 58 017 56 866 57 256 51 609 48 046 40 353 28 882 22 162 16 852 9 792 3 344 578 68 818 896 82 998 77 702 76 514 80 411 93 856 103 131 91 014 86 154 91 664 85 305 81 522 71 642 63 639 49 801 35 089 24 559 17 162 9 198 3 022 578 77 1 225 038 16 521 15 944 16 660 17 615 16 390 15 246 14 185 14 970 17 277 17 112 18 795 17 456 16 749 14 155 10 195 7 008 4 994 2 706 908 161 17 255 064 9 720 9 013 8 604 8 643 10 500 11 629 10 241 9 352 9 301 8 334 7 979 6 816 5 555 3 583 2 103 1 022 603 192 54 np np 123 253 12 937 11 424 10 638 12 418 17 186 17 088 15 189 13 849 13 540 12 155 11 957 10 181 9 075 6 937 4 606 3 151 2 250 1 274 417 np np 186 350 760 721 708 748 827 854 795 774 806 763 755 672 612 509 364 264 192 105 35 6 271 135 804 674 157 925 158 443 875 031 992 254 489 422 420 739 032 888 970 454 671

11 280 804

FEMAL ES 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
231 350 218 611 214 881 224 954 246 267 261 464 254 959 251 648 259 696 247 394 249 682 223 457 202 838 170 455 128 446 104 255 87 329 60 844 27 237 6 996 952 3 673 715 175 017 163 937 160 043 173 792 202 286 214 652 202 621 197 067 208 944 192 859 188 890 169 136 154 088 127 446 96 672 78 776 65 529 45 492 19 993 5 044 775 2 843 059 150 837 144 600 143 682 149 288 162 741 165 016 154 896 157 713 166 923 156 430 154 155 135 291 123 847 102 461 72 918 54 981 44 273 29 659 13 368 3 409 488 2 286 976 48 536 46 602 47 553 51 376 55 977 55 914 51 714 52 019 58 026 57 099 58 479 53 552 50 343 42 437 31 708 25 921 22 490 16 498 7 483 1 899 256 835 882 79 288 74 765 73 615 76 498 87 528 93 714 86 195 83 606 89 028 83 338 80 976 72 231 63 630 49 139 36 735 28 470 22 709 14 973 6 756 1 780 240 1 205 214 15 266 14 809 15 605 16 219 15 440 14 910 14 686 15 450 17 865 17 702 19 119 17 834 16 585 13 874 10 251 8 067 6 432 4 358 1 928 483 72 256 955 9 073 8 484 8 020 7 596 8 621 10 598 9 597 8 798 8 739 7 677 7 351 6 146 4 493 2 770 1 669 912 603 298 116 np np 111 583 12 066 10 770 10 342 11 732 16 334 16 578 15 079 13 770 13 744 12 609 12 514 10 734 9 637 7 295 4 998 3 795 2 976 2 217 873 np np 188 308 721 682 673 711 795 832 789 780 823 775 771 688 625 515 383 305 252 174 77 19 2 498 656 832 514 267 921 819 149 065 193 260 466 514 907 413 190 348 340 756 853 808

11 402 769

np (a) (b)

not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated Estimated resident population figures at 30 June 2012 are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

37

6
Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s ( a ) Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 2


cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

PER S O N S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
475 077 450 831 442 044 462 711 501 123 524 338 509 183 499 738 512 073 490 306 494 261 441 981 401 886 339 108 249 749 194 548 153 723 97 636 39 678 9 180 1 171 7 290 345 359 465 336 745 328 436 355 573 412 157 433 052 405 247 391 060 410 303 379 767 371 970 331 800 300 344 250 031 186 748 145 854 114 918 72 990 29 347 6 731 954 5 623 492 309 885 297 766 294 736 305 448 328 037 332 950 309 774 313 356 330 119 309 744 304 866 268 547 247 851 205 768 145 046 104 437 78 654 48 094 19 796 4 594 591 4 560 059 99 326 95 376 97 240 105 155 114 989 114 152 104 257 104 267 116 043 113 965 115 735 105 161 98 389 82 790 60 590 48 083 39 342 26 290 10 827 2 477 324 1 654 778 162 286 152 467 150 129 156 909 181 384 196 845 177 209 169 760 180 692 168 643 162 498 143 873 127 269 98 940 71 824 53 029 39 871 24 171 9 778 2 358 317 2 430 252 31 787 30 753 32 265 33 834 31 830 30 156 28 871 30 420 35 142 34 814 37 914 35 290 33 334 28 029 20 446 15 075 11 426 7 064 2 836 644 89 512 019 18 793 17 497 16 624 16 239 19 121 22 227 19 838 18 150 18 040 16 011 15 330 12 962 10 048 6 353 3 772 1 934 1 206 490 170 np np 234 836 25 003 22 194 20 980 24 150 33 520 33 666 30 268 27 619 27 284 24 764 24 471 20 915 18 712 14 232 9 604 6 946 5 226 3 491 1 290 np np 374 658 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 481 403 382 460 622 687 584 554 629 538 527 360 238 025 747 569 444 280 113 26 3 769 791 636 188 424 846 977 592 940 224 252 720 003 329 833 929 380 228 726 307 479

22 683 573

np (a) (b)

not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated Estimated resident population figures at 30 June 2012 are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

38

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s Au s t r a l i a ( a ) at 30 Ju n e

PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL POPULATION 2008(b) Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )


no.

2009(b)
no.

2010(b)
no.

2011(b)
no.

2012(c)
no.

2008(b)
%

2009(b)
%

2010(b)
%

2011(b)
%

2012(c)
%

MALE S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
705 904 686 599 715 275 750 658 789 463 766 611 734 076 792 074 750 279 768 000 696 249 636 310 564 174 411 464 318 326 253 592 177 322 86 271 26 012 4 949 524 10 634 132 727 453 689 611 714 549 756 292 817 621 806 027 743 043 797 990 753 410 776 460 710 100 642 249 583 812 429 882 327 914 254 224 181 941 91 351 26 790 5 221 528 10 836 468 739 890 694 048 710 668 752 183 825 743 828 785 752 332 795 306 762 180 776 963 723 362 648 937 601 376 450 375 339 282 254 959 187 051 95 813 28 914 5 477 532 10 974 176 748 101 704 447 708 887 746 817 823 241 840 165 768 866 782 289 782 809 769 849 739 179 659 220 615 406 473 457 349 421 258 072 190 455 100 828 31 697 5 855 554 11 099 615 760 271 721 135 708 804 748 674 827 157 854 925 795 158 774 443 806 875 763 031 755 992 672 254 612 489 509 422 364 420 264 739 192 032 105 888 35 970 6 454 671 11 280 804 3.30 3.21 3.34 3.51 3.69 3.58 3.43 3.70 3.51 3.59 3.26 2.98 2.64 1.92 1.49 1.19 0.83 0.40 0.12 0.02 49.73 3.34 3.17 3.28 3.47 3.75 3.70 3.41 3.66 3.46 3.57 3.26 2.95 2.68 1.97 1.51 1.17 0.84 0.42 0.12 0.02 49.76 3.35 3.15 3.22 3.41 3.74 3.76 3.41 3.60 3.45 3.52 3.28 2.94 2.73 2.04 1.54 1.16 0.85 0.43 0.13 0.02 49.73 3.35 3.16 3.18 3.35 3.69 3.76 3.44 3.50 3.51 3.45 3.31 2.95 2.76 2.12 1.57 1.16 0.85 0.45 0.14 0.03 49.72 3.35 3.18 3.12 3.30 3.65 3.77 3.51 3.41 3.56 3.36 3.33 2.96 2.70 2.25 1.61 1.17 0.85 0.47 0.16 0.03 49.73

FEMAL ES 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
668 787 653 527 677 939 710 066 749 808 747 454 736 497 805 964 761 024 781 829 708 445 644 738 562 526 418 451 342 530 297 714 246 404 153 878 63 746 16 750 2 218 10 750 295 689 472 655 358 677 847 715 678 771 075 781 299 742 937 811 803 766 285 789 648 723 231 654 207 584 211 436 356 352 161 296 860 249 041 161 043 64 197 17 426 2 242 10 942 377 701 789 658 163 675 250 713 949 781 502 804 317 751 648 808 938 776 949 789 785 737 674 663 538 605 574 456 833 361 571 297 302 251 569 166 890 67 255 18 270 2 375 11 091 141 709 470 667 918 673 650 709 562 787 707 816 659 766 629 791 837 799 582 781 750 754 695 674 063 624 596 478 952 369 829 299 699 253 347 171 233 71 735 18 910 2 495 11 224 318 721 498 682 656 673 832 711 514 795 267 832 921 789 819 780 149 823 065 775 193 771 260 688 466 625 514 515 907 383 413 305 190 252 348 174 340 77 756 19 853 2 808 11 402 769 3.13 3.06 3.17 3.32 3.51 3.50 3.44 3.77 3.56 3.66 3.31 3.01 2.63 1.96 1.60 1.39 1.15 0.72 0.30 0.08 0.01 50.27 3.17 3.01 3.11 3.29 3.54 3.59 3.41 3.73 3.52 3.63 3.32 3.00 2.68 2.00 1.62 1.36 1.14 0.74 0.29 0.08 0.01 50.24 3.18 2.98 3.06 3.24 3.54 3.65 3.41 3.67 3.52 3.58 3.34 3.01 2.74 2.07 1.64 1.35 1.14 0.76 0.30 0.08 0.01 50.27 3.18 2.99 3.02 3.18 3.53 3.66 3.43 3.55 3.58 3.50 3.38 3.02 2.80 2.15 1.66 1.34 1.13 0.77 0.32 0.08 0.01 50.28 3.18 3.01 2.97 3.14 3.51 3.67 3.48 3.44 3.63 3.42 3.40 3.04 2.76 2.27 1.69 1.35 1.11 0.77 0.34 0.09 0.01 50.27

(a) (b)

nil or rounded to zero (including null cells) Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimated resident population figures are preliminary rebased.

(c)

Estimated resident population figures for 30 June 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

39

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s Au s t r a l i a ( a ) at 30 Ju n e

cont i n u e d

PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL POPULATION 2008(b) Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )


no.

2009(b)
no.

2010(b)
no.

2011(b)
no.

2012(c)
no.

2008(b)
%

2009(b)
%

2010(b)
%

2011(b)
%

2012(c)
%

PER SO N S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 7579 8084 8589 9094 9599 100 and over All ages
1 374 691 1 340 126 1 393 214 1 460 724 1 539 271 1 514 065 1 470 573 1 598 038 1 511 303 1 549 829 1 404 694 1 281 048 1 126 700 829 915 660 856 551 306 423 726 240 149 89 758 21 699 2 742 21 384 427 1 416 925 1 344 969 1 392 396 1 471 970 1 588 696 1 587 326 1 485 980 1 609 793 1 519 695 1 566 108 1 433 331 1 296 456 1 168 023 866 238 680 075 551 084 430 982 252 394 90 987 22 647 2 770 21 778 845 1 441 679 1 352 211 1 385 918 1 466 132 1 607 245 1 633 102 1 503 980 1 604 244 1 539 129 1 566 748 1 461 036 1 312 475 1 206 950 907 208 700 853 552 261 438 620 262 703 96 169 23 747 2 907 22 065 317 1 457 571 1 372 365 1 382 537 1 456 379 1 610 948 1 656 824 1 535 495 1 574 126 1 582 391 1 551 599 1 493 874 1 333 283 1 240 002 952 409 719 250 557 771 443 802 272 061 103 432 24 765 3 049 22 323 933 1 481 769 1 403 791 1 382 636 1 460 188 1 622 424 1 687 846 1 584 977 1 554 592 1 629 940 1 538 224 1 527 252 1 360 720 1 238 003 1 025 329 747 833 569 929 444 380 280 228 113 726 26 307 3 479 22 683 573 6.43 6.27 6.52 6.83 7.20 7.08 6.88 7.47 7.07 7.25 6.57 5.99 5.27 3.88 3.09 2.58 1.98 1.12 0.42 0.10 0.01 100.00 6.51 6.18 6.39 6.76 7.29 7.29 6.82 7.39 6.98 7.19 6.58 5.95 5.36 3.98 3.12 2.53 1.98 1.16 0.42 0.10 0.01 100.00 6.53 6.13 6.28 6.64 7.28 7.40 6.82 7.27 6.98 7.10 6.62 5.95 5.47 4.11 3.18 2.50 1.99 1.19 0.44 0.11 0.01 100.00 6.53 6.15 6.19 6.52 7.22 7.42 6.88 7.05 7.09 6.95 6.69 5.97 5.55 4.27 3.22 2.50 1.99 1.22 0.46 0.11 0.01 100.00 6.53 6.19 6.10 6.44 7.15 7.44 6.99 6.85 7.19 6.78 6.73 6.00 5.46 4.52 3.30 2.51 1.96 1.24 0.50 0.12 0.02 100.00

(a) (b)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimated resident population figures are preliminary rebased.

(c)

Estimated resident population figures for 30 June 2011 onwards are preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes.

40

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N AND PR O P O R T I O N , ST A T E S AN D TE R R I T O R I E S

Population
no.

Proportion(a)
%

Australiaat 30 June 2012(b) New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Other territories Jervis Bay Territory Territory of Christmas Island Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands Total Other Territories Total Australia Australian External Territoriesat 30 June 2012(c) Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands Coral Sea Islands Territory Australian Antarctic Territory (d) Territory of Heard and McDonald Islands Total Australian External Territories

7 290 345 5 623 492 4 560 059 1 654 778 2 430 252 512 019 234 836 374 658 390 2 175 569 3 134 22 683 573

32.1 24.8 20.1 7.3 10.7 2.3 1.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 100.0

0 4 55 0 59

. . . . .

. . . . .

.. (a) (b) (c)

(d)

not applicable Proportion of the population of total Australia. Estimated resident population at 30 June 2012 is preliminary see paragraph 7 of the Explanatory Notes. Population estimates for the Australian External Territories are updated annually at 30 June and are not subject to a revision process unless a more recent estimate is required for electoral apportionment purposes see paragraph 3 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes only the population administered by the Australian Antarctic Territory.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

41

9
At 3 0 Ju n e

PR O J E C T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N (a) , St a t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales


'000

Victoria
'000

Queensland
'000

South Australia
'000

Western Austrtalia
'000

Tasmania
'000

Northern Territory
'000

Australian Capital Territory


'000

Australia(b)
'000

C A P I T A L C I T I E S S E R I E S A (c) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


4 334.0 4 541.8 5 150.2 5 831.6 6 527.3 7 262.8 3 805.8 4 079.6 4 852.7 5 701.0 6 573.1 7 492.6 1 857.0 2 047.1 2 604.5 3 221.1 3 872.9 4 580.6 1 158.0 1 205.5 1 338.4 1 483.7 1 626.3 1 772.8 1 554.1 1 718.6 2 196.4 2 720.6 3 269.2 3 856.7 207.4 218.7 250.1 283.3 315.7 349.6 117.4 131.2 168.7 210.6 256.0 307.1 na na na na na na . . . . . . . . . . . .

T O T A L S T A T E / T E R R I T O R Y S E R I E S A (c) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


6 888.0 7 215.4 8 163.2 9 193.6 10 209.9 11 251.3 5 204.8 5 529.0 6 419.9 7 380.9 8 341.7 9 336.7 4 181.4 4 618.2 5 878.6 7 242.2 8 652.5 10 145.1 1 584.2 1 651.9 1 841.0 2 043.2 2 239.4 2 438.3 2 106.1 2 317.7 2 925.7 3 584.9 4 268.5 4 994.1 493.4 514.7 574.3 635.2 691.9 749.1 214.9 236.3 296.3 364.0 439.1 525.4 339.8 361.8 427.5 497.8 568.5 643.6 21 22 26 30 35 40 015.0 447.4 529.2 944.7 414.4 086.6

C A P I T A L C I T I E S S E R I E S B (d) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


4 334.0 4 553.1 5 133.0 5 710.9 6 237.1 6 733.8 3 805.8 4 062.3 4 712.5 5 355.2 5 950.9 6 515.9 1 857.0 2 023.2 2 459.1 2 902.0 3 333.8 3 764.4 1 158.0 1 206.1 1 326.2 1 438.8 1 531.4 1 612.7 1 554.1 1 698.4 2 075.9 2 456.7 2 822.6 3 181.3 207.4 216.1 236.3 253.2 265.4 275.2 117.4 128.4 152.8 177.7 202.7 229.2 na na na na na na . . . . . . . . . . . .

T O T A L S T A T E / T E R R I T O R Y S E R I E S B (d) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


6 888.0 7 201.6 8 004.7 8 760.8 9 394.2 9 947.2 5 204.8 5 515.8 6 285.4 7 020.8 7 667.0 8 256.6 4 181.4 4 562.2 5 546.5 6 519.1 7 434.2 8 311.1 1 584.2 1 649.4 1 808.9 1 953.1 2 066.1 2 160.3 2 106.1 2 292.0 2 764.6 3 230.7 3 668.5 4 088.4 493.4 508.7 540.0 561.3 569.6 571.2 214.9 230.7 266.7 303.4 340.8 380.6 339.8 356.2 397.2 434.5 466.0 495.0 21 22 25 28 31 34 015.0 319.1 616.5 786.5 609.3 213.2

C A P I T A L C I T I E S S E R I E S C (e) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


4 334.0 4 559.0 5 100.9 5 603.0 6 035.4 6 402.5 3 805.8 4 047.8 4 601.3 5 109.4 5 553.1 5 933.7 1 857.0 1 997.5 2 315.0 2 611.3 2 881.4 3 125.1 1 158.0 1 210.9 1 334.9 1 444.1 1 529.7 1 595.5 1 554.1 1 681.8 1 973.1 2 245.9 2 492.8 2 714.3 207.4 214.1 224.8 230.3 230.3 226.7 117.4 125.1 137.2 147.4 156.5 165.0 na na na na na na . . . . . . . . . . . .

T O T A L S T A T E / T E R R I T O R Y S E R I E S C (e) 2007 2011 2021 2031 2041 2051


6 888.0 7 181.4 7 844.1 8 403.3 8 816.2 9 100.8 5 204.8 5 506.0 6 186.1 6 787.5 7 280.5 7 676.0 4 181.4 4 510.0 5 250.0 5 923.6 6 511.2 7 012.3 1 584.2 1 647.3 1 783.9 1 894.3 1 968.8 2 014.2 2 106.1 2 265.2 2 612.1 2 924.0 3 192.1 3 418.0 493.4 502.6 508.3 499.5 476.5 444.2 214.9 225.1 238.2 247.8 255.3 261.5 339.8 349.6 367.1 377.0 379.4 376.7 21 22 24 27 28 30 015.0 189.6 792.4 059.9 882.8 306.6

.. na (a)

(b)

not applicable not available Uses preliminary ERP at 30 June 2007 as the base population see paragraphs 3540 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0). Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(c) (d) (e)

Series A assumes high levels of fertility, life expectancy, overseas migration and interstate migration flows. Series B assumes medium levels of fertility, life expectancy, overseas migration and interstate migration flows. Series C assumes low levels of fertility, life expectancy, overseas migration and interstate migration flows.

42

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

10

ES T I M A T E D AND PR O J E C T E D RE S I D E N T AB O R I G I N A L AN D TO R R E S ST R A I T IS L A N D E R PO P U L A T I O N (a) ( b ) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

At 30 Ju n e

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(c)

ESTI M A T E S MALES 1996 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
59 266 66 161 67 895 69 540 71 109 72 783 74 468 76 229 13 023 14 460 14 835 15 229 15 568 15 896 16 240 16 581 55 658 62 189 63 879 65 477 67 079 68 693 70 362 71 950 11 040 12 213 12 470 12 746 13 020 13 270 13 532 13 790 28 728 31 773 32 530 33 227 33 869 34 456 35 116 35 775 7 287 8 067 8 277 8 471 8 650 8 821 8 995 9 204 25 617 27 866 28 563 29 204 29 847 30 422 30 953 31 514 1 658 1 881 1 923 1 957 2 004 2 045 2 095 2 147 202 224 230 235 241 246 251 257 372 714 478 959 255 497 874 309

ESTIMAT E S FEMAL E S 1996 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
59 990 66 728 68 359 69 992 71 581 73 192 74 764 76 456 13 280 14 827 15 170 15 501 15 850 16 186 16 557 16 936 56 500 63 013 64 697 66 364 67 993 69 540 71 252 72 935 11 519 12 649 12 935 13 205 13 487 13 748 14 007 14 265 28 088 31 002 31 747 32 479 33 178 33 831 34 467 35 191 7 332 8 094 8 272 8 443 8 606 8 777 8 972 9 211 26 522 28 811 29 473 30 121 30 747 31 330 31 895 32 491 1 592 1 793 1 851 1 908 1 965 2 025 2 084 2 135 204 227 232 238 243 248 254 259 914 019 608 119 514 738 107 734

EST I M A T E S PER S O N S 1996 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
119 256 132 889 136 254 139 532 142 690 145 975 149 232 152 685 26 303 29 287 30 005 30 730 31 418 32 082 32 797 33 517 112 158 125 202 128 576 131 841 135 072 138 233 141 614 144 885 22 559 24 862 25 405 25 951 26 507 27 018 27 539 28 055 56 816 62 775 64 277 65 706 67 047 68 287 69 583 70 966 14 619 16 161 16 549 16 914 17 256 17 598 17 967 18 415 52 139 56 677 58 036 59 325 60 594 61 752 62 848 64 005 3 250 3 674 3 774 3 865 3 969 4 070 4 179 4 282 407 451 463 474 484 495 505 517 286 733 086 078 769 235 981 043

P R O J E C T I O N S , S E R I E S A - P E R S O N S (d) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2016 2021


155 665 158 738 161 910 165 190 168 583 187 258 208 341 34 284 35 078 35 894 36 734 37 603 42 367 47 721 148 648 152 502 156 454 160 514 164 694 187 449 212 908 28 613 29 186 29 775 30 382 31 005 34 342 37 987 72 228 73 528 74 859 76 218 77 607 84 910 92 587 18 809 19 217 19 641 20 086 20 551 23 150 26 063 65 144 66 290 67 441 68 599 69 756 75 545 81 298 4 386 4 491 4 599 4 709 4 822 5 428 6 101 528 539 550 562 574 640 713 014 271 818 681 874 727 306

P R O J E C T I O N S , S E R I E S B P E R S O N S (e) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2016 2021


155 670 158 764 161 972 165 306 168 773 188 143 210 582 34 285 35 084 35 909 36 761 37 647 42 570 48 233 148 653 152 528 156 517 160 632 164 883 188 302 215 082 28 613 29 189 29 785 30 403 31 040 34 517 38 413 72 229 73 537 74 885 76 271 77 694 85 321 93 612 18 810 19 222 19 653 20 106 20 580 23 263 26 353 65 147 66 304 67 475 68 661 69 855 75 965 82 339 4 386 4 491 4 600 4 711 4 825 5 446 6 148 528 539 551 563 575 643 721 030 361 042 101 552 807 064

(a)

(b)

Uses final rebased ERP at 30 June 2006 as the base population see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0). These estimates and projections have not been updated with any data from the 2011 Census. Projections are scheduled for release in 2013.

(c) (d)

(e)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Series A assumes declining fertility, increasing paternity, constant net interstate migration, zero net overseas migration and constant life expectancy at birth. Series B assumes declining fertility, increasing paternity, constant net interstate migration, zero net overseas migration and increasing life expectancy at birth.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

43

11

PR E L I M I N A R Y ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T AB O R I G I N A L AND TO R R E S ST R A I T IS L A N D E R PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s St a t e s an d te r r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 1 ( a )

Age grou p (ye a r s )

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

MALE S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
13 217 12 615 12 729 12 113 9 356 7 194 5 598 5 818 5 756 5 093 4 648 3 443 2 556 1 641 972 965 572 257 136 103 714 3 013 2 757 2 747 2 713 2 273 1 725 1 323 1 398 1 396 1 204 945 756 512 320 200 236 115 74 47 23 518 12 723 11 735 11 361 10 649 8 406 6 911 5 738 5 695 5 314 4 652 3 684 2 752 1 865 1 159 637 666 369 188 109 93 947 2 282 2 209 2 158 2 073 1 833 1 511 1 077 1 093 1 064 952 721 584 380 249 142 190 92 52 46 18 518 5 238 5 035 5 084 4 738 4 308 3 619 2 886 2 888 2 626 2 209 1 833 1 286 852 523 267 318 171 93 54 43 710 1 511 1 401 1 513 1 378 1 091 871 600 603 693 591 547 456 337 208 115 139 np np np 12 054 3 926 4 075 3 804 3 624 3 478 3 224 2 622 2 468 2 141 1 763 1 435 1 041 668 404 231 263 132 83 48 35 167 388 319 310 446 388 318 192 195 164 154 121 101 48 26 13 8 np np np 3 191 42 40 39 37 31 25 20 20 19 16 13 10 7 4 2 2 311 162 721 744 136 381 050 168 161 623 944 426 223 531 582 785

1 529 795 461 333 948

FEMAL ES 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
12 849 11 827 12 066 11 539 8 879 7 238 5 894 6 490 6 558 5 864 4 854 3 640 2 681 1 736 1 146 1 389 702 437 250 104 650 2 968 2 610 2 748 2 506 2 393 1 698 1 471 1 395 1 454 1 204 966 795 601 373 254 373 176 110 87 23 809 12 119 11 414 11 117 9 926 8 251 6 980 5 925 6 037 5 846 4 864 3 985 2 986 2 191 1 405 850 1 049 529 310 210 94 945 2 184 2 052 2 156 1 908 1 794 1 528 1 167 1 185 1 166 1 020 872 590 451 291 206 304 140 98 66 18 874 5 208 5 203 4 952 4 485 4 107 3 532 2 976 2 840 2 880 2 369 1 945 1 510 1 043 612 396 509 244 151 114 44 567 1 490 1 270 1 380 1 305 1 111 910 690 687 799 667 575 413 309 178 140 177 np np np 12 101 3 603 3 657 3 417 3 228 3 234 2 963 2 452 2 396 2 370 1 735 1 526 1 088 808 489 329 439 221 123 95 33 734 308 314 341 310 363 287 201 175 175 170 120 100 44 34 15 19 np np np 2 976 40 38 38 35 30 25 20 21 21 17 14 11 8 5 3 4 743 359 192 218 145 142 785 220 254 897 852 126 133 123 337 262

2 106 1 286 870 335 788

np (a) (b)

not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated Estimates at 30 June 2011 are preliminary rebased estimates based on the 2011 Census see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0). Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

44

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11

PR E L I M I N A R Y ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T AB O R I G I N A L AND TO R R E S ST R A I T IS L A N D E R PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s St a t e s an d te r r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 1 ( a )
cont i n u e d

Age grou p (ye a r s )

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

PER SO N S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
26 066 24 442 24 795 23 652 18 235 14 432 11 492 12 308 12 314 10 957 9 502 7 083 5 237 3 377 2 118 2 354 1 274 694 386 208 364 5 981 5 367 5 495 5 219 4 666 3 423 2 794 2 793 2 850 2 408 1 911 1 551 1 113 693 454 609 291 184 134 47 327 24 842 23 149 22 478 20 575 16 657 13 891 11 663 11 732 11 160 9 516 7 669 5 738 4 056 2 564 1 487 1 715 898 498 319 188 892 4 466 4 261 4 314 3 981 3 627 3 039 2 244 2 278 2 230 1 972 1 593 1 174 831 540 348 494 232 150 112 37 392 10 446 10 238 10 036 9 223 8 415 7 151 5 862 5 728 5 506 4 578 3 778 2 796 1 895 1 135 663 827 415 244 168 88 277 3 001 2 671 2 893 2 683 2 202 1 781 1 290 1 290 1 492 1 258 1 122 869 646 386 255 316 155 99 62 24 155 7 529 7 732 7 221 6 852 6 712 6 187 5 074 4 864 4 511 3 498 2 961 2 129 1 476 893 560 702 353 206 143 68 901 696 633 651 756 751 605 393 370 339 324 241 201 92 60 28 27 15 5 7 6 167 83 78 77 72 61 50 40 41 40 34 28 21 15 9 5 7 054 521 913 962 281 523 835 388 415 520 796 552 356 654 919 047

3 635 2 081 1 331 669 736

(a) (b)

Estimates at 30 June 2011 are preliminary rebased estimates based on the 2011 Census see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0). Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

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45

12
Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )

PR E L I M I N A R Y ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T AU S T R A L I A N NO N IND I G E N O U S PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 1 ( a )

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

MALE S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
229 694 215 551 215 568 225 140 244 520 255 487 242 895 246 214 239 459 242 299 235 498 210 446 198 143 155 715 116 346 201 479 87 792 65 601 48 086 3 474 454 177 659 165 795 166 117 179 034 208 826 212 826 194 464 193 735 194 463 186 805 177 950 158 594 146 411 113 871 86 286 150 418 65 431 49 122 35 865 2 713 254 143 626 137 528 138 336 144 406 154 502 158 312 144 220 151 704 152 544 149 268 142 810 128 306 122 555 94 846 67 770 105 595 47 489 33 627 24 479 2 136 328 47 326 45 940 47 767 52 172 57 315 55 818 50 298 52 168 56 067 56 527 55 730 50 305 48 227 36 990 27 842 51 369 21 621 16 936 12 812 791 861 74 649 69 297 70 702 74 571 87 390 92 873 81 829 82 598 84 798 82 211 77 304 68 424 62 368 45 406 32 996 52 210 23 553 16 800 11 857 1 139 626 15 028 14 561 15 430 16 253 15 549 14 396 13 430 14 946 16 337 17 285 18 027 16 951 16 421 12 930 9 581 15 241 np np np 242 366 5 675 4 817 4 806 5 001 7 061 8 276 7 265 7 012 6 928 6 643 6 339 5 671 4 822 2 836 1 694 1 470 815 484 171 86 316 12 066 10 726 10 359 12 391 16 722 16 415 14 201 13 600 12 935 12 062 11 480 9 996 9 137 6 291 4 293 6 875 np np np 179 549 705 664 669 709 792 814 748 762 763 753 725 648 608 468 346 584 790 285 166 073 105 784 816 121 648 226 235 794 183 926 839 676

256 543 189 660 138 473 10 765 667

FEMAL ES 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
217 507 202 942 203 788 212 415 236 406 252 301 243 774 249 858 246 096 245 212 240 315 215 195 199 907 157 361 123 718 281 855 102 127 87 452 92 276 3 528 650 168 140 157 899 157 264 171 207 198 947 208 522 194 324 198 641 201 816 192 506 183 936 164 544 153 611 117 959 93 071 211 558 77 343 65 905 68 310 2 773 945 135 750 129 939 131 839 138 626 150 663 154 593 145 028 153 931 155 563 152 454 145 579 129 516 121 589 93 519 68 525 141 764 52 880 43 822 45 062 2 148 878 45 612 43 728 45 752 49 776 54 027 53 725 49 335 51 964 55 926 56 931 56 819 52 199 50 182 38 903 30 706 73 394 25 444 22 836 25 114 808 979 71 224 66 530 67 758 71 123 81 179 84 764 78 489 80 494 82 739 80 542 76 877 68 874 61 735 44 722 34 720 72 542 27 662 22 305 22 575 1 124 312 13 813 13 521 14 540 14 986 14 618 14 239 13 781 15 636 16 840 17 513 18 428 17 097 16 321 12 708 9 757 20 876 np np np 244 674 5 308 4 834 4 472 4 308 5 593 7 424 6 869 6 459 6 200 5 952 5 673 4 822 3 542 2 030 1 208 1 420 656 451 313 76 114 11 326 10 088 9 971 11 860 16 067 15 880 14 179 13 566 13 058 12 652 12 134 10 608 9 538 6 605 4 773 9 731 np np np 182 036 668 629 635 674 757 791 745 770 778 763 739 662 616 473 366 813 727 559 458 344 562 517 844 617 328 853 843 937 463 829 492 157

297 593 252 061 263 503 10 888 530

np (a) (b)

not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated Estimates at 30 June 2011 are preliminary rebased estimates based on the 2011 Census see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Experimental Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Jun 2006 (cat. no. 3238.0.55.001). Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

46

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12
Ag e g r o u p (ye ar s )

PR E L I M I N A R Y ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T AU S T R A L I A N NO N IND I G E N O U S PO P U L A T I O N , Ag e gro u p s Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e 20 1 1 ( a )


cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

PER SO N S 04 59 1014 1519 2024 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 6569 7074 75 and over 7579 8084 85 and over All ages
447 201 418 493 419 356 437 555 480 926 507 788 486 669 496 072 485 555 487 511 475 813 425 641 398 050 313 076 240 064 483 334 189 919 153 053 140 362 7 003 104 345 799 323 694 323 381 350 241 407 773 421 348 388 788 392 376 396 279 379 311 361 886 323 138 300 022 231 830 179 357 361 976 142 774 115 027 104 175 5 487 199 279 376 267 467 270 175 283 032 305 165 312 905 289 248 305 635 308 107 301 722 288 389 257 822 244 144 188 365 136 295 247 359 100 369 77 449 69 541 4 285 206 92 938 89 668 93 519 101 948 111 342 109 543 99 633 104 132 111 993 113 458 112 549 102 504 98 409 75 893 58 548 124 763 47 065 39 772 37 926 1 600 840 145 873 135 827 138 460 145 694 168 569 177 637 160 318 163 092 167 537 162 753 154 181 137 298 124 103 90 128 67 716 124 752 51 215 39 105 34 432 2 263 938 28 841 28 082 29 970 31 239 30 167 28 635 27 211 30 582 33 177 34 798 36 455 34 048 32 742 25 638 19 338 36 117 14 615 11 244 10 258 487 040 10 983 9 651 9 278 9 309 12 654 15 700 14 134 13 471 13 128 12 595 12 012 10 493 8 364 4 866 2 902 2 890 1 471 935 484 162 430 23 392 20 814 20 330 24 251 32 789 32 295 28 380 27 166 25 993 24 714 23 614 20 604 18 675 12 896 9 066 16 606 6 689 5 126 4 791 361 585 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 374 293 304 383 549 606 494 532 541 517 517 844 624 417 667 301 660 738 976 079

1 465 078 1 311 731 1 224 646 942 755 713 331 1 397 833 554 136 441 721 401 976 21 654 197

(a) (b)

Estimates at 30 June 2011 are preliminary rebased estimates based on the 2011 Census see paragraph 28 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Experimental Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Jun 2006 (cat. no. 3238.0.55.001). Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

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47

13
Pe r i o d

BIR T H S AND TO T A L FE R T I L I T Y RA T E S (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

NUMBE R OF BIRTH S 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (c) 201112 (c) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (c) 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (c) December (c) 2011 March (c) June (c) September (c)(d ) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
88 997 92 323 94 096 93 630 94 161 93 565 86 081 90 963 94 049 93 561 92 652 94 155 22 955 21 420 22 294 22 328 23 609 22 732 23 249 22 733 24 239 23 828 22 900 23 129 24 064 23 468 23 435 22 663 24 705 21 849 24 377 23 230 23 937 22 611 23 255 23 762 68 899 70 119 71 441 69 318 71 960 74 042 66 429 69 995 70 532 71 645 68 942 71 446 17 537 17 149 17 286 16 927 18 108 17 674 17 414 16 923 18 345 17 850 17 526 17 720 18 164 18 235 17 402 15 517 18 078 17 945 18 353 17 584 17 855 17 654 19 222 19 311 56 898 61 601 65 205 62 074 63 774 61 524 54 803 60 039 63 603 63 585 62 433 63 207 14 117 13 375 14 824 14 582 15 666 14 967 15 589 15 379 15 969 16 666 16 255 16 315 15 689 15 326 16 246 14 813 16 499 14 875 16 285 16 115 15 867 14 940 14 938 15 779 18 893 19 806 19 941 19 929 19 720 20 385 18 344 19 555 19 893 19 813 19 827 19 889 4 807 4 516 4 857 4 713 5 046 4 939 4 931 4 890 5 141 4 931 4 959 4 910 5 007 4 937 5 029 4 956 4 982 4 860 4 895 4 983 5 198 4 813 5 138 5 236 28 900 30 453 30 854 31 018 31 492 32 775 27 928 29 632 30 664 31 156 30 761 32 258 7 332 6 929 7 372 7 267 7 518 7 475 7 858 7 602 7 801 7 403 7 786 7 864 7 831 7 675 7 785 7 727 7 916 7 333 8 223 8 020 8 238 7 777 8 283 8 477 6 759 6 653 6 753 6 240 6 643 6 351 6 606 6 615 6 706 6 666 6 115 6 610 1 802 1 724 1 653 1 580 1 744 1 638 1 646 1 625 1 703 1 732 1 635 1 683 1 666 1 682 1 550 1 342 1 724 1 499 1 765 1 655 1 651 1 539 1 653 1 508 3 772 3 901 3 898 3 821 3 839 4 007 3 715 3 859 3 871 3 918 3 695 3 950 888 921 991 972 938 958 1 005 1 000 983 883 977 1 055 920 966 997 938 829 931 960 1 119 973 898 986 1 150 4 583 4 605 4 857 5 122 5 149 5 128 4 544 4 631 4 754 4 934 5 008 5 111 1 202 1 095 1 137 1 149 1 190 1 155 1 116 1 144 1 276 1 218 1 136 1 227 1 314 1 257 1 290 1 261 1 263 1 194 1 217 1 475 1 187 1 232 1 353 1 356 277 289 297 291 296 297 268 285 294 295 289 296 724 492 067 173 760 811 472 313 098 300 456 653

70 646 67 137 70 69 73 71 72 71 75 74 73 73 74 73 73 69 76 70 76 74 74 71 417 524 826 546 818 302 462 516 180 909 658 553 737 225 007 487 079 187 914 473

74 835 76 589

T O T A L F E R T I L I T Y R A T E (e) 200607 (f) 200708 (f) 200809 (f) 200910 (f) 201011 (g) 201112 (h)
1.825 1.872 1.870 1.831 1.920 1.939 1.836 1.842 1.834 1.739 1.838 1.918 1.956 2.065 2.119 1.970 2.004 1.961 1.845 1.920 1.907 1.872 1.811 1.878 1.996 2.046 1.989 1.952 1.945 1.982 2.200 2.191 2.209 2.034 2.030 1.933 2.214 2.217 2.169 2.073 2.225 2.443 1.715 1.697 1.759 1.817 1.920 1.913 1.883 1.931 1.933 1.857 1.870 1.893

48

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(a) (b) (c)

(d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

For information on using year/quarter of occurrence for revised and final data, and year/quarter of registration for preliminary data see paragraph 811 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Others Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Birth estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary on a quarter of registration basis. As a result, estimates may fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to delays and subsequent recovery in registry processing. After the estimates are revised, they are based on quarter of occurrence and are no longer affected by processing times see paragraphs 711 of the Explanatory Notes. Corrected figures for September quarter 2011 see paragraph 12 of the Explanatory Notes. Births per woman. Calculated using revised births on occurrence basis and revised ERP based on the unrebased 2006 Census. Calculated using preliminary births on registration basis and preliminary ERP based on the unrebased 2006 Census. Calculated using preliminary births on registration basis and preliminary ERP based on the unrebased 2011 Census.

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

49

14
Pe r i o d

DE A T H S AND ST A N D A R D I S E D DE A T H RA T E S (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

NUMBE R OF DEAT H S 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (c) 201112 (c) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (c) 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (c) December (c) 2011 March (c) June (c) September (c) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
46 206.00 47 667 48 695 47 319 48 975 50 039 46 129 47 322 48 353 47 534 47 891 50 672 12 743 11 158 10 453 11 852 13 675 11 342 10 694 11 956 14 197 11 506 10 853 12 139 13 016 11 526 10 876 11 901 13 821 11 293 12 138 11 723 14 873 11 938 11 263 11 965 34 194 35 197 36 033 35 058 37 313 35 975 33 666 34 837 35 514 35 493 36 056 36 568 9 060 8 527 7 881 8 726 9 516 8 714 8 132 8 835 9 835 8 712 8 592 8 894 9 427 8 580 7 962 9 089 9 888 9 117 9 214 9 094 9 326 8 934 8 744 8 971 25 132 26 152 26 769 26 955 27 341 27 831 24 630 26 100 26 459 26 580 27 042 27 416 6 638 6 024 6 091 6 379 7 365 6 265 6 193 6 329 7 506 6 431 6 130 6 702 7 108 6 640 6 469 6 738 7 256 6 579 6 834 6 672 7 660 6 250 6 898 7 023 11 967 12 440 12 722 12 577 12 925 12 756 11 968 12 246 12 690 12 544 12 930 12 669 3 191 2 961 2 711 3 104 3 481 2 950 2 816 3 193 3 504 3 177 2 976 3 065 3 303 3 200 2 887 3 187 3 480 3 376 2 926 3 143 3 428 3 172 2 986 3 170 11 956 12 432 12 584 12 755 12 622 12 970 11 634 12 438 12 559 12 623 12 664 12 723 3 082 2 910 2 862 3 102 3 375 3 099 2 830 3 128 3 560 3 041 2 937 3 046 3 367 3 273 2 969 3 146 3 367 3 182 2 986 3 087 3 490 3 160 3 051 3 269 4 013 4 150 4 225 4 236 4 353 4 225 3 953 4 224 4 162 4 201 4 205 4 245 1 067 936 1 001 1 009 1 188 1 026 934 1 002 1 182 1 044 983 1 016 1 083 1 119 973 1 061 1 120 1 051 1 097 1 085 1 067 996 1 068 1 094 964 1 045 1 015 937 1 019 1 014 948 996 1 055 954 994 974 239 250 233 242 273 248 267 257 264 267 235 249 212 258 245 222 258 269 280 212 243 239 286 246 1 536 1 645 1 683 1 604 1 708 1 689 1 534 1 603 1 673 1 669 1 631 1 700 362 403 392 379 417 415 377 436 462 398 412 411 442 404 345 413 463 410 421 414 469 396 415 409 135 140 143 141 146 146 134 139 142 141 143 146 976 736 734 450 260 507 471 772 470 607 421 974

36 386 33 172 31 34 39 34 32 35 40 34 33 35 37 35 32 35 39 35 35 35 40 35 625 793 292 062 244 138 511 577 121 525 958 003 728 761 655 277 898 430 559 087

34 713 36 148

S T A N D A R D I S E D D E A T H R A T E S (d) 200607 (e) 200708 (e) 200809 (e) 200910 (e) 201011 (f) 201112 (g)
5.97 5.98 5.94 5.60 5.61 5.62 5.90 5.88 5.86 5.51 5.66 5.37 6.02 6.07 6.01 5.84 5.72 5.80 5.93 6.00 5.99 5.76 5.77 5.63 5.82 5.86 5.74 5.60 5.33 5.32 6.81 6.89 6.85 6.73 6.74 6.30 8.79 9.28 9.04 7.42 8.70 7.89 5.56 5.73 5.67 5.18 5.25 5.02 5.98 6.00 5.96 5.68 5.67 5.59

(a) (b) (c)

(d) (e) (f) (g)

For information on using year/quarter of occurrence for revised and final data, and year/quarter of registration for preliminary data see paragraphs 811 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Death estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary on a quarter of registration basis. As a result, estimates may fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to delays and subsequent recovery in registry processing. After the estimates are revised they are based on quarter of occurrence and are no longer affected by processing times see paragraphs 711 of the Explanatory Notes. Deaths per 1,000 standard population. Standardised death rates use total persons in the 2001 Australian population as the standard population. Calculated using revised births on occurrence basis and revised ERP based on the unrebased 2006 Census. Calculated using preliminary births on registration basis and preliminary ERP based on the unrebased 2006 Census. Calculated using preliminary births on registration basis and preliminary ERP based on the unrebased 2011 Census.

50

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

15
Pe r i o d

INF A N T DE A T H S AN D INF A N T MO R T A L I T Y RA T E S (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania(b)

Northern Territory(b)

Australian Capital Territory(b)

Australia(c)

NUMB E R OF INFAN T DEATH S 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (d) 201112 (d) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (d) 2011 (d) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (d) December (d) 2011 March (d) June (d) September (d) December (d) 2012 March (d) June (d)
417 370 422 360 374 357 408 398 400 372 391 376 115 100 90 112 100 96 84 90 113 113 102 94 93 83 83 101 111 96 76 91 110 99 62 86 294 260 290 210 258 244 278 283 266 251 230 251 65 83 70 76 59 78 57 66 79 64 78 69 52 52 54 52 66 58 64 70 52 65 62 65 310 277 332 351 320 284 310 287 299 353 347 294 72 90 81 67 67 72 62 76 78 83 91 80 101 81 85 84 78 100 76 66 82 70 80 52 72 73 80 63 68 61 60 79 71 71 73 51 17 18 18 19 26 16 14 17 13 27 20 20 12 19 18 14 21 20 7 20 11 13 21 16 83 107 83 109 113 84 130 84 95 101 113 95 27 20 25 11 20 28 28 31 21 15 25 22 24 30 31 24 32 26 18 37 20 20 20 24 25 29 27 23 31 29 25 29 26 23 28 30 np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np 36 25 32 25 28 37 31 33 30 28 27 28 np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np 20 18 24 13 18 16 28 14 26 14 19 15 np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np np 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 257 160 290 154 210 112 270 207 214 213 228 140 320 329 305 303 293 306 264 297 321 332 330 307 294 282 284 294 329 321 258 302 289 291 268 264

I N F A N T M O R T A L I T Y R A T E S (e) 200607 (f) 200708 (f) 200809 (f) 200910 (f) 201011 (g) 201112 (g)
4.69 4.01 4.49 3.85 4.03 3.82 4.27 3.71 4.06 3.19 3.66 3.30 5.45 4.50 5.09 5.48 4.91 4.62 3.81 3.69 4.01 3.16 4.01 2.99 2.87 3.51 2.69 3.45 3.53 2.56 3.70 4.36 4.00 3.69 4.37 4.57 9.54 6.41 8.21 6.81 7.29 9.23 4.36 3.91 4.94 2.73 3.50 3.12 4.53 4.01 4.34 3.96 4.11 3.73

ABS AUST R A L I A N DEMOG R A P H I C STA T I S T I C S 310 1 . 0 JUN 201 2

51

np (a)

(b)

(c)

not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated For information on using year/quarter of occurrence for revised and final data, and year/quarter of registration for preliminary data see paragraphs 811 of the Explanatory Notes. Due to the small number of infant deaths in most quarters in Tasmania, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, quarterly estimates are not available for publication. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

(d)

(e) (f) (g)

Infant death estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary on a quarter of registration basis. As a result, estimates may fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to delays and subsequent recovery in processing. After the estimates are revised they are based on quarter of occurrence and are no longer affected by registry processing times see paragraphs 711 of the Explanatory Notes. Infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Calculated using revised infant deaths and revised births both on occurrence basis. Calculated using preliminary infant deaths and preliminary births, both on a registration basis.

52

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16
Pe r i o d

CA T E G O R I E S OF NE T OV E R S E A S MIG R A T I O N (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

N O M A R R I V A L S (c) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (d) 201112 (d) 2007 2008 2009 2010 (d) 2011 (d) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (d) December (d) 2011 March (d) June (d) September (d) December (d) 2012 March (d) June (d)
150 554 170 846 169 044 144 251 141 161 147 726 157 716 178 396 155 119 140 775 144 307 38 113 36 890 41 848 33 703 41 557 40 608 49 521 39 160 45 343 44 372 45 932 33 397 39 078 36 712 39 596 28 865 36 337 35 977 39 016 29 831 36 747 38 713 40 746 31 520 108 518 123 329 132 587 109 052 105 519 112 828 114 488 132 904 123 746 104 336 107 296 26 507 25 186 33 305 23 520 30 184 27 479 36 863 28 803 35 143 32 095 37 651 27 698 32 611 25 786 30 126 20 529 28 216 25 465 29 449 22 389 27 857 27 601 33 361 24 009 86 631 99 817 103 069 84 925 82 409 92 406 92 052 107 071 94 199 82 672 84 649 21 004 20 262 23 511 21 854 22 955 23 732 28 414 24 716 26 944 26 997 27 806 21 322 23 393 21 678 22 178 17 676 21 170 21 648 21 382 18 209 22 274 22 784 25 602 21 746 23 527 25 135 27 243 24 802 19 658 22 568 23 535 27 120 26 808 21 926 20 176 6 081 5 717 6 945 4 784 6 074 5 732 7 438 5 891 7 265 6 526 7 684 5 768 7 251 6 105 6 838 4 608 5 603 4 877 5 320 3 858 5 569 5 429 6 794 4 776 53 847 66 193 69 753 57 942 60 084 78 794 58 213 72 898 60 996 57 675 68 854 12 998 13 411 15 568 11 870 15 483 15 292 19 561 15 857 19 548 17 932 18 962 13 311 15 280 13 443 15 610 13 609 14 576 13 880 16 667 14 961 18 465 18 761 22 719 18 849 3 446 3 932 4 333 3 966 3 396 3 647 3 565 4 324 4 095 3 682 3 459 866 867 1 012 701 929 923 1 294 786 1 128 1 116 1 342 747 1 011 995 1 315 645 894 828 1 093 581 840 945 1 154 708 4 548 4 715 5 546 4 683 4 375 5 816 4 512 5 173 5 256 4 437 4 820 1 333 1 003 1 103 1 109 1 268 1 032 1 076 1 339 1 496 1 262 1 192 1 596 1 550 918 1 020 1 195 1 369 853 960 1 193 1 497 1 170 1 558 1 591 6 434 7 369 8 186 8 289 7 288 8 361 6 560 8 073 8 547 7 623 7 668 1 536 1 643 1 963 1 292 1 670 1 635 2 417 1 647 2 163 1 846 2 662 1 515 2 416 1 954 2 548 1 371 2 057 1 647 2 249 1 335 2 049 2 035 2 749 1 528 437 501 519 437 423 472 460 535 478 423 441 510 339 784 928 897 147 645 966 792 138 234

108 440 104 980 125 98 120 116 146 118 139 132 143 105 122 107 119 88 110 105 116 92 115 117 255 835 122 433 585 199 030 152 232 370 590 600 239 499 224 176 140 357 298 439

134 683 104 727

(a) (b) (c) (d)

This time series commences at September quarter 2006. Data are compiled using an improved methodology that is not comparable with estimates from earlier periods see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Arrivals and departures contribute to NOM. For information see the Glossary or Migration, Australia (cat. no. 3412.0). Estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary see paragraphs 7 and 1320 of the Explanatory Notes.

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53

16
Pe r i o d

CA T E G O R I E S OF NE T OV E R S E A S MIG R A T I O N (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

N O M D E P A R T U R E S (c) 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (d) 201112 (d) 2007 2008 2009 2010 (d) 2011 (d) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (d) December (d) 2011 March (d) June (d) September (d) December (d) 2012 March (d) June (d)
77 086 83 620 82 333 87 170 90 975 93 997 80 881 82 205 84 999 91 195 92 900 19 215 19 915 18 866 19 090 20 667 22 258 20 225 20 470 20 349 21 161 22 019 18 804 21 389 22 787 22 045 20 949 24 227 23 974 21 438 21 336 25 427 24 699 22 602 21 269 46 035 49 847 49 059 55 419 59 775 63 132 48 131 49 751 51 746 59 239 61 058 11 660 12 146 11 317 10 912 12 689 13 213 11 972 11 973 12 394 13 412 11 779 11 474 13 608 14 885 13 884 13 042 15 608 16 705 13 957 13 505 16 956 16 640 15 689 13 847 40 368 45 765 43 696 48 954 51 143 51 934 44 292 44 024 46 727 51 520 51 099 10 181 11 081 9 392 9 714 12 228 12 958 10 340 10 239 11 026 12 419 10 170 10 081 12 167 14 309 11 517 10 961 13 682 15 360 11 387 10 714 14 044 14 954 12 083 10 853 8 889 9 811 9 259 10 252 10 991 11 294 9 641 9 525 9 638 10 883 11 209 2 394 2 278 2 084 2 133 2 750 2 674 2 218 2 169 2 533 2 605 2 135 1 986 2 638 2 879 2 457 2 278 3 037 3 111 2 618 2 225 3 143 3 223 2 629 2 299 22 393 25 009 25 392 29 116 29 279 31 647 23 757 24 662 28 151 29 990 29 548 5 311 6 158 5 269 5 655 6 236 6 597 6 113 6 063 5 792 6 694 5 989 6 917 7 128 8 117 6 899 6 972 7 668 8 451 6 327 6 833 7 679 8 709 7 925 7 334 2 013 2 061 2 163 2 303 2 401 2 397 2 054 2 201 2 159 2 466 2 322 479 473 570 491 495 498 543 525 532 601 605 425 528 601 623 551 655 637 573 536 614 599 645 539 3 432 3 069 3 471 3 464 3 745 3 812 3 122 3 248 3 581 3 547 3 853 1 104 979 650 699 979 794 596 700 1 014 938 751 768 1 202 860 693 709 1 177 968 824 776 1 244 1 009 775 784 4 467 4 824 4 547 5 179 5 307 5 589 4 700 4 662 4 878 5 463 5 261 1 156 1 329 1 036 946 1 268 1 450 1 116 990 1 265 1 291 1 088 903 1 413 1 474 1 261 1 031 1 694 1 477 1 182 954 1 496 1 629 1 313 1 151 204 224 219 241 253 263 216 220 231 254 257 686 007 921 872 618 811 578 280 893 304 258

51 500 54 362 49 49 57 60 53 53 54 59 54 51 60 65 59 56 67 70 58 56 70 71 184 640 312 442 123 130 906 121 536 358 073 926 380 493 748 683 306 881 603 468

63 663 58 077

(a) (b) (c) (d)

This time series commences at September quarter 2006. Data are compiled using an improved methodology that is not comparable with estimates from earlier periods see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes. Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Arrivals and departures contribute to NOM. For information see the Glossary or Migration, Australia (cat. no. 3412.0). Estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary see paragraphs 7 and 1320 of the Explanatory Notes.

54

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16
Pe r i o d

CA T E G O R I E S OF NE T OV E R S E A S MIG R A T I O N (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s

cont i n u e d

New South Wales

Victoria

Queensland

South Australia

Western Australia

Tasmania

Northern Territory

Australian Capital Territory

Australia(b)

NET OVER S E A S MIGR A T I O N 200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 (c) 201112 (c) 2007 2008 2009 2010 (c) 2011 (c) 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September (c) December (c) 2011 March (c) June (c) September (c) December (c) 2012 March (c) June (c)
73 468 87 226 86 711 57 081 50 186 53 729 76 835 96 191 70 120 49 580 51 407 18 898 16 975 22 982 14 613 20 890 18 350 29 296 18 690 24 994 23 211 23 913 14 593 17 689 13 925 17 551 7 916 12 110 12 003 17 578 8 495 11 320 14 014 18 144 10 251 62 483 73 482 83 528 53 633 45 744 49 696 66 357 83 153 72 000 45 097 46 238 14 847 13 040 21 988 12 608 17 495 14 266 24 891 16 830 22 749 18 683 25 872 16 224 19 003 10 901 16 242 7 487 12 608 8 760 15 492 8 884 10 901 10 961 17 672 10 162 46 263 54 052 59 373 35 971 31 266 40 472 47 760 63 047 47 472 31 152 33 550 10 823 9 181 14 119 12 140 10 727 10 774 18 074 14 477 15 918 14 578 17 636 11 241 11 226 7 369 10 661 6 715 7 488 6 288 9 995 7 495 8 230 7 830 13 519 10 893 14 638 15 324 17 984 14 550 8 667 11 274 13 894 17 595 17 170 11 043 8 967 3 687 3 439 4 861 2 651 3 324 3 058 5 220 3 722 4 732 3 921 5 549 3 782 4 613 3 226 4 381 2 330 2 566 1 766 2 702 1 633 2 426 2 206 4 165 2 477 31 454 41 184 44 361 28 826 30 805 47 147 34 456 48 236 32 845 27 685 39 306 7 687 7 253 10 299 6 215 9 247 8 695 13 448 9 794 13 756 11 238 12 973 6 394 8 152 5 326 8 711 6 637 6 908 5 429 10 340 8 128 10 786 10 052 14 794 11 515 1 433 1 871 2 170 1 663 995 1 250 1 511 2 123 1 936 1 216 1 137 387 394 442 210 434 425 751 261 596 515 737 322 483 394 692 94 239 191 520 45 226 346 509 169 1 116 1 646 2 075 1 219 630 2 004 1 390 1 925 1 675 890 967 229 24 453 410 289 238 480 639 482 324 441 828 348 58 327 486 192 115 136 417 253 161 783 807 1 967 2 545 3 639 3 110 1 981 2 772 1 860 3 411 3 669 2 160 2 407 380 314 927 346 402 185 1 301 657 898 555 1 574 612 1 003 480 1 287 340 363 170 1 067 381 553 406 1 436 377 232 277 299 196 170 208 244 315 246 168 183 824 332 863 056 279 336 067 686 899 834 976

56 940 50 618 76 49 62 55 93 65 84 73 88 54 62 41 59 32 42 34 57 35 44 45 071 195 810 991 462 069 124 031 696 012 517 674 859 006 476 493 834 476 695 971

71 020 46 650

(a)

This time series commences at September quarter 2006. Data are compiled using an improved methodology that is not comparable with estimates from earlier periods see paragraphs 1320 of the Explanatory Notes.

(b) (c)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes. Estimates for September quarter 2010 onwards are preliminary see paragraphs 7 and 1320 of the Explanatory Notes.

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55

17

CA T E G O R I E S OF OV E R S E A S AR R I V A L S (a) , Mo v e m e n t s Au s t r a l i a

PERMANENT Settlers(d) Pe r i o d
movements

LONGTERM Residents
movements

SHORTTERM(b) Visitors(d)
movements

Residents
movements

Visitors(d)
movements

Total(c)
movements

200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June

140 148 149 365 158 021 140 610 127 458 158 943 133 879 141 645 161 520 148 403 129 406 142 715 34 160 33 940 35 761 36 287 34 211 35 386 41 042 38 726 40 842 40 910 41 826 34 443 36 983 35 151 36 678 31 798 32 111 28 819 32 634 33 894 37 050 39 137 43 318 39 438

110 041 110 832 114 985 115 354 115 056 115 672 107 035 108 513 113 748 117 105 113 584 115 516 25 897 35 180 26 795 22 169 24 766 34 783 27 836 23 447 26 039 36 426 27 895 24 625 27 155 37 430 28 121 22 648 27 037 35 778 27 026 25 215 27 222 36 053 28 308 24 089

263 296 321 845 389 299 349 182 347 843 377 602 238 565 285 569 358 797 377 234 340 543 361 954 65 833 46 063 100 987 50 413 79 825 54 344 120 545 67 131 96 397 74 724 143 440 74 738 98 035 61 021 130 433 59 693 86 848 63 569 132 815 64 611 94 057 70 471 138 843 74 231

5 114 647 5 692 490 5 827 573 6 662 004 7 400 502 7 962 971 4 898 556 5 403 818 5 811 326 6 203 640 7 034 821 7 726 538 1 341 624 1 209 475 1 349 782 1 213 766 1 462 382 1 377 889 1 530 678 1 321 541 1 544 831 1 414 276 1 511 551 1 356 916 1 716 171 1 619 002 1 757 886 1 568 944 1 946 206 1 761 784 1 935 991 1 756 520 2 124 899 1 909 128 2 066 976 1 861 967

5 641 202 5 629 403 5 541 094 5 692 445 5 906 892 5 981 883 5 532 427 5 644 073 5 585 831 5 584 078 5 885 095 5 875 068 1 323 189 1 612 289 1 497 075 1 208 649 1 358 881 1 579 468 1 503 363 1 187 691 1 354 032 1 540 744 1 450 956 1 195 361 1 318 960 1 618 800 1 542 652 1 212 032 1 443 100 1 687 310 1 537 513 1 238 969 1 406 915 1 691 671 1 601 059 1 282 238

11 11 12 12 13 14 10 11 12 12 13 14

269 903 030 959 897 597 910 583 031 430 503 221

334 935 973 594 751 072 461 619 221 460 449 792

2 790 703 2 936 947 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 010 531 960 081 223 638 062 107 175 686 197 371 495 895 535 577 665 119 690 746 400 284 065 869 464 536 141 080 669 083 304 404 771 116 302 261 979 209 143 461

3 878 505 3 281 963

(a) (b) (c) (d)

This table contains movement data and should not be interpreted as 'persons' see paragraph 2933 of the Explanatory Notes. Figures for short-term movements are based on a sample and are subject to sampling error. For further information see Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0). Due to rounding, the total may not equal to the sum of the categories of overseas arrivals. Stated intention on arrival.

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18

CA T E G O R I E S OF OV E R S E A S DE P A R T U R E S , Mo v e m e n t s ( a ) Au s t r a l i a

PERMANENT Former Residents(d) Pe r i o d


movements

LONGTERM

SHORTTERM(b)

Residents
movements

Visitors(d)
movements

Residents
movements

Visitors(d)
movements

Total(c)
movements

200607 200708 200809 200910 201011 201112 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 September December 2007 March June September December 2008 March June September December 2009 March June September December 2010 March June September December 2011 March June September December 2012 March June

72 103 76 923 81 018 86 277 88 461 87 493 69 399 74 963 79 424 82 703 88 196 87 998 16 768 16 695 21 351 17 289 18 562 17 761 23 079 17 521 19 599 19 225 23 260 18 934 20 419 20 090 25 558 20 210 21 594 20 834 25 691 20 342 20 978 20 987 25 230 20 298

101 610 102 066 84 810 81 573 78 025 68 665 101 211 102 250 100 134 75 999 86 290 69 363 24 437 21 664 31 511 23 998 25 255 21 486 32 102 23 223 24 369 20 440 22 747 17 254 18 310 17 688 25 883 19 692 22 313 18 402 20 772 16 538 17 158 14 895 20 769 15 843

101 491 124 006 160 347 194 192 213 835 212 713 94 933 113 698 142 059 180 419 203 135 214 290 20 659 31 583 24 567 24 682 24 802 39 647 30 817 28 740 31 369 51 133 39 170 38 675 41 268 61 306 50 086 41 532 44 611 66 906 56 140 46 178 45 963 66 009 54 928 45 813

5 127 128 5 699 456 5 843 206 6 770 453 7 442 959 8 040 374 4 940 567 5 462 311 5 808 135 6 284 904 7 111 503 7 795 270 1 299 776 1 335 122 1 106 868 1 385 362 1 471 801 1 498 280 1 242 848 1 486 526 1 544 651 1 534 110 1 202 784 1 561 661 1 721 123 1 799 335 1 469 976 1 780 019 1 925 009 1 936 499 1 541 889 2 039 562 2 124 219 2 089 601 1 706 805 2 119 748

5 654 035 5 670 001 5 601 240 5 770 784 5 987 902 6 049 108 5 538 071 5 702 892 5 610 380 5 647 155 5 969 590 5 956 830 1 284 584 1 470 637 1 607 051 1 291 764 1 331 310 1 472 768 1 594 983 1 270 940 1 309 517 1 434 940 1 550 157 1 306 626 1 279 583 1 510 789 1 652 912 1 327 500 1 403 555 1 585 623 1 661 188 1 337 536 1 378 516 1 579 590 1 702 066 1 388 936

11 11 11 12 13 14 10 11 11 12 13 14

056 672 770 903 811 458 744 456 740 271 458 123

367 452 621 279 182 353 182 115 132 180 715 751

2 646 224 2 875 700 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 791 743 871 049 923 826 929 059 838 943 080 409 224 188 417 628 305 460 586 771 348 094 730 942 830 950 505 848 118 150 703 209 415 953 082 265 679 156 834 082

3 509 798 3 590 638

(a) (b) (c) (d)

This table contains movement data and should not be interpreted as 'persons' see paragraphs 2933 of the Explanatory Notes. Figures for shortterm movements are based on a sample and are subject to sampling error. For further information see Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0). Due to rounding, the total may not equal to the sum of categories of overseas departures. Stated intention on departure.

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57

19

INT E R S T A T E MIG R A T I O N (a) ( b )

DEPARTURES FROM: New South Wales Ar r i v a l s t o :


psns

Victoria
psns

Queensland
psns

South Australia
psns

Western Australia
psns

Tasmania
psns

Northern Territory
psns

Australian Capital Territory


psns

Total arrivals
psns

2010 1 1 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 23 171 40 999 5 042 9 739 2 295 3 200 11 159 95 605 13 218 20 156 . . 18 560 5 635 8 722 2 850 2 800 2 596 61 319 3 759 34 900 18 170 . . 4 747 9 720 3 332 4 418 3 081 78 368 7 150 5 105 6 823 5 908 . . 3 300 753 1 896 830 24 615 2 613 7 387 8 406 8 153 2 375 . . 1 515 2 012 804 30 652 6 163 2 166 3 146 3 140 713 1 675 . . 369 344 11 553 47 2 882 2 649 5 417 2 887 2 772 458 . . 613 17 678 2 549 9 791 2 713 3 341 603 887 303 434 . . 18 072 1 355 82 387 65 078 85 518 22 002 36 815 11 506 15 129 19 427 337 862 . .

2011 1 2 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 22 704 43 308 5 144 11 048 2 108 3 243 10 795 98 350 18 378 19 708 . . 19 410 5 594 10 218 2 574 2 995 2 388 62 887 1 203 33 560 17 736 . . 4 602 10 906 2 818 4 613 2 835 77 070 11 796 4 794 6 826 5 717 . . 3 411 662 1 756 794 23 960 2 357 7 175 8 178 8 397 2 466 . . 1 390 1 823 723 30 152 11 085 2 287 3 544 3 537 735 1 979 . . 340 316 12 738 2 552 2 830 2 536 5 321 2 374 2 732 408 . . 498 16 699 1 492 9 618 2 566 3 176 688 943 226 437 . . 17 654 695 79 972 64 090 88 866 21 603 41 237 10 186 15 207 18 349 339 510 . .

2010 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 22 969 41 190 4 761 9 008 2 341 3 411 10 988 94 668 11 243 20 312 . . 18 362 5 575 8 359 2 937 2 911 2 597 61 053 2 870 35 419 17 971 . . 4 541 9 283 3 358 4 385 3 049 78 006 7 243 5 247 6 610 5 742 . . 2 964 730 1 921 859 24 073 3 163 7 554 8 084 8 156 2 344 . . 1 595 2 188 894 30 815 3 944 2 092 3 122 3 099 648 1 491 . . 356 342 11 150 544 3 053 2 532 5 431 2 432 2 827 461 . . 604 17 340 1 690 9 748 2 635 3 269 609 827 272 478 . . 17 838 1 495 83 425 63 923 85 249 20 910 34 759 11 694 15 650 19 333 334 943 . .

2011 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 23 330 42 331 5 303 10 385 2 239 3 154 10 746 97 488 16 104 20 121 . . 19 197 5 610 9 397 2 740 2 870 2 439 62 374 3 329 34 267 18 130 . . 4 748 10 412 3 166 4 516 2 945 78 184 9 608 4 903 6 909 5 956 . . 3 453 715 1 955 783 24 674 2 325 7 261 8 491 8 384 2 477 . . 1 416 1 896 758 30 683 8 460 2 282 3 393 3 410 759 1 894 . . 340 280 12 358 1 390 2 870 2 732 5 247 2 850 2 677 432 . . 516 17 324 2 171 9 680 2 718 3 267 602 925 260 422 . . 17 874 593 81 384 65 703 87 792 22 349 39 143 10 968 15 153 18 467 340 959 . .

.. (a)

not applicable Data are based on the 2006 Census.

(b)

Estimates for interstate migration are preliminary unless otherwise stated see paragraphs 2226 of the Explanatory Notes.

58

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19

INT E R S T A T E MIG R A T I O N (a) ( b )

cont i n u e d

DEPARTURES FROM: New South Wales Ar r i v a l s t o :


psns

Victoria
psns

Queensland
psns

South Australia
psns

Western Australia
psns

Tasmania
psns

Northern Territory
psns

Australian Capital Territory


psns

Total arrivals
psns

JUNE QUAR T E R 2011 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 5 811 10 208 1 365 2 520 558 747 2 567 23 776 3 942 4 991 . . 4 555 1 370 2 220 700 684 574 15 094 1 128 8 341 4 599 . . 1 132 2 405 791 1 093 662 19 023 2 076 1 217 1 682 1 467 . . 892 171 530 175 6 134 690 1 784 2 017 2 065 650 . . 365 487 214 7 582 1 822 545 831 792 204 447 . . 83 71 2 973 215 626 633 1 257 589 707 107 . . 109 4 028 324 2 330 649 755 134 213 66 80 . . 4 227 145 19 834 16 222 21 099 5 444 9 404 2 758 3 704 4 372 82 837 . .

MAR C H QUAR T E R 2012 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 5 506 10 971 1 297 2 823 514 855 2 739 24 705 4 958 4 724 . . 4 697 1 351 2 674 593 700 597 15 336 472 8 286 4 443 . . 1 108 2 742 704 1 208 686 19 177 3 153 1 205 1 717 1 482 . . 857 156 419 218 6 054 754 1 826 1 976 1 984 574 . . 352 414 163 7 289 3 296 537 870 855 186 503 . . 88 104 3 143 663 751 637 1 442 574 739 92 . . 145 4 380 565 2 418 659 899 210 247 69 131 . . 4 633 19 19 747 15 808 22 330 5 300 10 585 2 480 3 815 4 652 84 717 . .

JUNE QUAR T E R 2012 New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Total Departures Net gain/loss
. . 5 424 10 362 1 191 2 762 512 786 2 622 23 659 4 550 4 752 . . 4 653 1 382 2 561 631 765 517 15 261 87 8 035 4 248 . . 1 111 2 629 611 1 073 636 18 343 2 689 1 144 1 657 1 236 . . 809 159 346 170 5 521 368 1 690 1 872 2 014 622 . . 317 461 194 7 170 2 975 558 877 872 171 483 . . 78 69 3 108 713 593 533 1 221 517 664 114 . . 115 3 757 158 2 337 563 674 159 237 51 90 . . 4 111 212 19 109 15 174 21 032 5 153 10 145 2 395 3 599 4 323 80 930 . .

.. (a)

not applicable Data are based on the 2006 Census.

(b)

Estimates for interstate migration are preliminary unless otherwise stated see paragraphs 2226 of the Explanatory Notes.

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59

20

PR O J E C T E D NU M B E R OF HO U S E H O L D S (a) , Sta t e s an d ter r i t o r i e s at 30 Ju n e

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2016

2021

2031

CAPI T AL CITI E S Sydney Melbourne Brisbane Adelaide Perth Hobart Darwin


1 572 117 1 391 929 671 557 459 456 578 252 82 185 40 133 1 595 497 1 418 965 687 728 465 747 593 222 83 230 41 272 1 620 020 1 447 065 704 162 471 779 608 457 84 434 42 590 1 645 358 1 475 207 721 080 478 120 624 059 85 523 43 794 1 671 802 1 504 024 738 867 484 620 640 092 86 617 44 817 1 698 814 1 533 138 757 049 491 103 656 371 87 707 45 852 1 834 442 1 678 657 848 217 521 790 738 167 92 805 50 896 1 971 275 1 825 412 942 159 551 838 821 712 97 649 55 857 2 233 112 2 111 636 1 131 039 606 098 988 018 106 185 65 532

BALA N C E OF STAT E / T E R R I T O R Y New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory
975 940 536 688 841 464 167 091 198 014 113 867 24 241 990 089 545 728 864 786 169 718 203 430 115 045 24 754 1 004 994 554 598 888 084 172 548 209 150 116 403 25 224 1 020 090 563 169 912 222 175 383 214 716 117 830 25 649 1 035 643 571 573 937 197 178 165 219 976 119 060 26 071 1 051 331 579 976 962 525 180 924 225 229 120 295 26 507 1 123 672 618 614 1 087 860 193 523 250 045 125 625 28 500 1 190 075 653 527 1 212 958 204 659 273 219 129 801 30 377 1 294 367 707 058 1 450 930 222 240 314 302 134 483 33 864

TOTAL New South Wales Victoria Queensland South Australia Western Australia Tasmania Northern Territory Australian Capital Territory Australia (b)
2 548 057 1 928 617 1 513 021 626 547 776 266 196 052 64 374 126 500 7 780 193 2 585 586 1 964 693 1 552 514 635 465 796 652 198 275 66 026 129 243 7 929 225 2 625 014 2 001 663 1 592 246 644 327 817 607 200 837 67 814 131 370 8 081 656 2 665 448 2 038 376 1 633 302 653 503 838 775 203 353 69 443 133 494 8 236 473 2 707 445 2 075 597 1 676 064 662 785 860 068 205 677 70 888 135 682 8 394 980 2 750 145 2 113 114 1 719 574 672 027 881 600 208 002 72 359 137 885 8 555 475 2 958 114 2 297 271 1 936 077 715 313 988 212 218 430 79 396 148 450 9 342 028 3 161 350 2 478 939 2 155 117 756 497 1 094 931 227 450 86 234 158 548 10 119 860 3 527 479 2 818 694 2 581 969 828 338 1 302 320 240 668 99 396 176 815 11 576 516

(a)

Data are based on the 2006 Census see paragraphs 4142 of the Explanatory Notes. For further information see Series II, Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2031 (cat. no. 3236.0).

(b)

Includes Other Territories see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.

60

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EXPLA N A T O R Y NOTES

INTR ODU C TI ON

1 This quarterly publication contains the most recent estimates of the resident populations (ERP) of Australia and the states and territories based on the results of the 2011 Census of Population and Housing held on 9 August 2011 (with various adjustments described in paragraph 5). The ABS has used the 2011 Census to produce preliminary rebased estimates of the resident population (refer to paragraph 6). This publication contains the latest available statistics on births, deaths (including infant deaths) and overseas and interstate migration. In addition, the publication includes estimates of the resident population by age groups, major population regions and estimates and projections of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. It also includes projected resident populations and projected number of households. Periodically, articles on specific demographic topics will be released on the ABS web site in conjunction with this publication. 2 Following the 1992 amendments to the Acts Interpretation Act to include the Indian Ocean Territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands as part of geographic Australia, population estimates commencing from September quarter 1993 include estimates for these two territories. To reflect this change, another category of the state and territory level has been created, known as Other Territories. Other Territories include Jervis Bay Territory (previously included with the Australian Capital Territory), as well as Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands which were previously excluded from population estimates for Australia. Data for Other and External Territories are detailed separately in table 8. 3 Estimates for Australian External Territories will be updated annually as at 30 June unless a more recent estimate is required for electoral apportionment purposes under the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918.

POPULAT I ON AND COMP ON E N TS OF POPULAT I ON CHAN G E

4 Australias population estimates for the period since 1971 are compiled according to the place of usual residence of the population. An explanation of the place of usual residence conceptual basis for population estimates is given in Information Paper: Population Concepts, 2008 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.006) and also in Population Estimates: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2009 (cat. no. 3228.0.55.001). 5 The estimated resident population is an estimate of the Australian population obtained by adding to the estimated population at the beginning of each period the component of natural increase (on a usual residence basis) and the component of net overseas migration. For the states and territories, estimated interstate movements involving a change of usual residence are also taken into account. Estimates of the resident population are based on Census counts by place of usual residence, to which are added the estimated Census net undercount and the number of Australian residents estimated to have been temporarily overseas at the time of the Census. Overseas visitors in Australia are excluded from this calculation. 6 After each Census, estimates for the preceding intercensal period are revised by incorporating an additional adjustment (intercensal discrepancy) to ensure that the total intercensal increase agrees with the difference between the estimated resident populations at the two 30 June dates in the respective Census years.

Method of estimation

Status of quarterly ERP data

7 The status of quarterly ERP data changes over time from preliminary to revised to final as new component data becomes available. The following table shows the current status of ERP and the components of population change: natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration.

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ST A T U S OF QU A R T E R L Y ES T I M A T E D RE S I D E N T PO P U L A T I O N (E R P ) DA T A , AS AT 18 DE C E M B E R 20 1 2
Census base Natural increase Final Net overseas migration Final Net interstate migration Final Preliminary modelled expansion factors based on 2006 Census Preliminary modelled expansion factors based on 2006 Census Preliminary modelled expansion factors based on 2006 Census ERP STATUS FINAL PRELIMINARY REBASED PRELIMINARY REBASED PRELIMINARY

Sep. 2001Jun. 2006 2006


Census

Sep. 2006Jun. 2010 2011


Census

Revised based on date Final based on actual of occurrence traveller behaviour Preliminary based on date of registration Preliminary based on date of registration Preliminary based on modelled traveller behaviour Preliminary based on modelled traveller behaviour

Sep. 2010Jun. 2011 2011


Census

Sep. 2011Jun. 2012 2011


Census

Natural increase : births and deaths

8 Natural increase is a major component of ABS quarterly state and territory population estimates and is calculated using the estimated number of births and deaths. The births and deaths data in this release are shown by state and territory of usual residence, using year/quarter of registration for preliminary data and year/quarter of occurrence for both revised and final data. This may affect time series comparisons within relevant tables. For preliminary estimates, births and deaths by quarter of registration are used as a proxy for quarter of occurrence. For revised estimates, a factor has been applied to the number of occurrences to allow for those occurrences which were yet to be registered at the time of revision. For final estimates between 30 June 1991 and 30 June 2006, year/quarter of occurrence data are used. For further details see Demography Working Paper 1998/2 Quarterly Birth and Death Estimates, 1998 (cat. no. 3114.0). 9 The timeliness and accuracy of ABS quarterly population estimates depend in part on the timeliness and accuracy of estimates of births and deaths which are based on registrations. To be able to provide timely estimates, the ABS produces preliminary estimates using births and deaths by quarter of registration as a proxy for quarter of occurrence. The major difficulty in this area stems from the fact that while the vast majority of births and deaths are registered promptly, a small proportion of registrations are delayed for months or even years. Lags or accumulations in births and deaths registrations can be caused by: ! late notification of a birth or death event to a state or territory registry; ! delays arising from incomplete information supplied for a registration; ! procedural changes affecting the processing cycles in any of the state and territory registries; or ! resolution of issues that may arise within the ABS or registry processing systems. 10 Preliminary birth and death estimates are subject to fluctuations caused by lags or accumulations in the reporting of births and deaths registrations. Accumulations can result from the eventual processing of lagged registrations in a later quarter. As a result, preliminary quarterly estimates can be an underestimate or an overestimate of the true numbers of births and deaths occurring in a reference period. 11 Selected birth and death registration data contributing to preliminary estimates which are higher or lower than usual have been explained by the state registrars as follows: ! June 2012: The WA registry has indicated that the increase in both birth and death registrations in the June quarter is as a result of a registration initiative in remote communities based on collaboration with other government departments. ! June 2012: The Tasmanian registry has indicated that the drop in birth registrations in the June quarter is due to processing lags from the previous quarter as a result of staffing issues.

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Natural increase : births and deaths continued

June 2012: The Northern Territory registry has indicated that increased registrations, particularly in the case of births in the June quarter can be attributed to initiatives to progress registrations before the end of the financial year. March 2012: The Northern Territory registry has noted a lag in death registrations as a result of incomplete records which delayed processing. The increase in birth registrations in the March 2012 quarter can also be attributed to more timely notifications of births from hospitals. March 2012: The comparatively high numbers of births and deaths in the Northern Territory for the March 2012 quarter are attributed to more staffing fluctuations over the December 2011 period. September 2011: Fluctuations in the September 2011 quarter in the number of birth registrations in the Australian Capital Territory and the high number of death registrations in New South Wales were queried with the respective Registries. Information provided by the Registries indicate that these fluctuations may be the result of changes in processing rates. September 2011: The ABS identified a systems processing error with the New South Wales birth registration data for the September 2011 and earlier quarters. The data for the September 2011 quarter have been corrected. Data for earlier quarters will be corrected at the time of final rebasing, scheduled for release in June 2013. For further details, see paragraph 12 of the Explanatory Notes (below). June 2011: The Northern Territory Registry recorded higher than usual births registrations and lower than usual deaths registrations in the June quarter 2011. The Registry advised that in the lead up to the end of the financial year they processed as many registrations as possible. However there were delays in getting Medical Certificates of Cause of Death from some hospitals an issue which the Registry believes is now resolved. March 2011: The Queensland floods and Cyclone Yasi had major impacts on Queensland. The Registry experienced disruptions to the lodgement and processing of registrations early in the March quarter 2011 but caught up with backlogs by the end of the quarter. It is expected that the impacts of these natural disasters on many communities, on various industries, on infrastructure and the rebuilding thereof is likely to have demographic impacts in Queensland. March 2011: Victoria recorded a comparatively large increase in death registrations from the March quarter 2010 to the March quarter 2011. This was attributed to unusually low death registration numbers in the March quarter of 2010 due to human resourcing issues which resulted in a delay in processing registrations. March 2011: On 15 December 2010 a boat (formally known as a suspected illegal entry vessel) carrying asylum seekers sank in Australian territorial waters off Christmas Island and 30 people died in the incident. These deaths were registered in the first quarter of 2011 by the WA Registry as deaths of overseas residents with an imputed usual residence of WA although they were never officially registered as having arrived in Australia. This anomaly leads to a statistical undercount in the ERP of 30 persons. Ultimately, this anomaly will be accounted for in the intercensal discrepancy when the ERP is finalised (for further information on intercensal discrepancy see Glossary).

12 Concerns have been raised with the accuracy of the NSW births counts in recent years. In response to these concerns the ABS, in conjunction with the NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages, has undertaken an investigation which has led to the identification of an ABS systems processing error. The ABS acknowledges that this has resulted in previous undercounts of births in NSW. Further investigation will be undertaken into NSW births data for previous reference periods and action will be taken where required.

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Net overseas migration

13 According to recommendations of the United Nations, an international migrant is defined as "any person who changes his or her country of usual residence" (United Nations 1998). For the purposes of estimating net overseas migration (NOM), and thereby Australia's official ERP counts, a person is regarded as a usual resident if they have been (or expected to be) residing in Australia for a period of 12 months or more. As such, NOM and ERP estimates include all people, regardless of nationality, citizenship or legal status, who usually live in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomatic personnel and their families. 14 Conceptually, the term NOM is based on an international traveller's duration of stay being in or out of Australia for 12 months or more. It is the difference between the number of incoming travellers who stay in Australia for 12 months or more and are added to the population (NOM arrivals) and the number of outgoing travellers who leave Australia for 12 months or more and are subtracted from the population (NOM departures). With the introduction of the improved methods for estimating NOM, this 12 month period does not have to be continuous and is measured over a 16 month reference period. For example, whether a traveller is in or out of the population is determined by their exact duration of stay in or away from Australia over the subsequent 16 months after arrival or departure. 15 The ABS developed and introduced an improved method, called the '12/16 month rule' methodology, for estimating NOM. It has been used in calculating Australia's official ERP since September quarter 2006. The '12/16 month rule' methodology is a result of reviewing the treatment of temporary migrants (both long-term and short-term) who are away from or resident in Australia for a period of 12 months or more. 16 The current NOM estimation methods employ a '12/16 month rule' where the traveller can be added or subtracted from NOM if they have stayed in or been absent from Australia for a period of 12 months or more over a 16 month period. This period of 12 months does not have to be continuous. Although a traveller states their intended duration of stay on a passenger card, for NOM purposes the ABS now measures an individual's actual travel behaviour. 17 For further information on the improvements to NOM estimation and changes to the revision schedule for NOM, see the Information Paper: Improving Net Overseas Migration Estimation, Mar 2010 (cat. no. 3412.0.55.001). For further information on the '12/16 month rule' methodology see the Technical Note: '12/16 month rule' Methodology for Calculating Net Overseas Migration from September quarter 2006 onwards in Migration, Australia, 200910 (cat. no. 3412.0). For more detailed information, see: ! Information Paper: Statistical Implications of Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, Australia, 2007 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.005); and ! Information Paper: Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, Australia, 2006 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.003).
FINA L NOM ESTI M A T E S

18 It is with the final NOM estimates that the '12/16 month rule' can be fully applied. A traveller's actual duration of stay can only be calculated when data on overseas movements become available for the 16 months following a reference period. Final NOM estimation methods use ERP flags to determine if a traveller, through their actual duration of stay in or out of Australia, should be included or excluded from NOM estimates and consequently ERP estimates.
PRE L I M I N A R Y NOM EST I M A T E S

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Net overseas migration continued

19 Preliminary estimates of NOM are required five to six months after the reference quarter for the production of quarterly estimates of the population of Australia, and the states and territories. At that time, complete traveller histories for the 16 months following a reference quarter cannot be produced. Migration adjustments are calculated from changes in behaviour from final estimates one year earlier for the same groups of travellers. These migration adjustments are applied to travellers who are grouped according to their 'initial category of travel', age, country of citizenship and state/territory of usual/intended residence. The adjustments account for differences between their intended duration of stay and their actual duration of stay. 20 Preliminary estimates using the improved method for estimating NOM using a 'two year ago' propensity model were used in official ABS population estimates from September quarter 2006 until June quarter 2008. Since September quarter 2008 a 'one year ago' propensity model has been used.

Diplomati c personnel

21 Australia's ERP and estimates of NOM include all people, regardless of nationality or citizenship, who usually live in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomatic personnel and their families. Therefore, foreign diplomatic personnel and their families are considered out of scope and were removed from NOM estimates from 1 July 2006. The previous methodology for estimating NOM was unable to exclude diplomatic personnel and their families. 22 Interstate migration is a key determinant of the accuracy of state and territory population estimates. Data on interstate migration cannot be directly estimated. Instead, post-censal estimates of interstate migration are modelled using administrative by-product data. Currently, the data used by the ABS are information on interstate changes of address advised to Medicare Australia and to the Department of Defence in the case of the military. The Medicare-based model used for generating post-censal estimates of interstate migration is largely superseded when new Census information becomes available. 23 When Census data on interstate movement become available, part of the process of rebasing ERPs for states and territories is the re-derivation of interstate migration for the intercensal period. The overall approach is to minimise state intercensal error using data analysed from the Census questions concerning an individual's place of residence one year ago, five years ago and on Census night. When new Census data are available, interstate migration estimates for the intercensal period are replaced with estimates derived from Census data on place of usual residence five years ago if these reduce intercensal error. These estimates are then scaled to sum to zero at the Australian level. A similar process is carried out for the year prior to the Census, using Census data on place of usual residence one year ago. The difference between the original interstate migration estimates and the rebased estimates is apportioned across all quarters, movement categories, ages and sex categories in the intercensal period in order to minimise quarterly change. 24 Changes to the model with updated expansion factors have been applied to interstate migration estimates from September quarter 2006 onwards and include the revision of preliminary estimates already published. The migration model is essentially the same as the model used to estimate interstate migration for 2001 to 2006. It includes updated expansion factors that have been calculated using the latest data available, including Census data and additional Medicare data used to help measure multiple movers (people who may have moved more than once during the year prior to the 2006 Census). Expansion factors are used to account for an under coverage of Medicare data by various ages and sex. The model includes the following characteristics: ! Medicare data lagged by three months (both for calculating expansion factors and for estimating progressive quarters of interstate migration);

Net interstat e migration

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Net interstat e migration continued

! !

smoothed inputs used to produce expansion factors (ie: Census, Medicare & multiple movers data were smoothed); capping applied to expansion factors (in contrast to the 2001-06 method); expansion factors applied to males aged 17 to 30 years and females aged 17 to 25 years (this differs to the age range used in the 2001-06 method); and no smoothing applied to the expansion factors.

25 For more detailed information on the changes to the model see Information Paper: Review of Interstate Migration Method, Mar 2009 (cat. no. 3106.0.55.001). 26 Due to the fact that the Medicare data source is an indirect measure of interstate migration, the post-censal quarterly estimates of interstate migration have long been considered the weakest measure of a component of population change at the state and territory level. For further information on the process of estimating interstate migration and the administrative data used, see: ! Information Paper: Review of Interstate Migration Method, Mar 2009 (cat. no. 3106.0.55.001); and ! Information Paper: Evaluation of Administrative Data Sources for Use in Quarterly Estimation of Interstate Migration, 2006 to 2011 (cat. no. 3127.0.55.001).
Defence force adjustment

27 Medicare theoretically covers all Australian usual residents as well as those non-Australian residents granted temporary registration. However, there are a range of Australian usual residents who do not access the Medicare system, primarily due to access to alternative health services. One group is the military. As such, estimates of interstate migration produced from the interstate migration model described in the information paper Information Paper: Review of Interstate Migration Method, Mar 2009 (cat. no. 3106.0.55.001) are adjusted to compensate for defence force movements not covered by Medicare. These adjustments are estimated using counts of defence force personnel by age, sex and state/territory, obtained from the Department of Defence, with 70% of any change in quarterly defence numbers assumed to be due to interstate migration not otherwise covered by the model. 28 The standard approach to population estimation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians is not possible because satisfactory annual data on births, deaths and internal migration are not generally available. Furthermore, there is significant intercensal volatility in census counts of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, thus adding to the problem of estimating the true Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. This volatility can in part be attributed to changes to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population that cannot be attributed to natural increase or interstate migration. As a result, a method based on the use of life tables is used to produce time series data. Projections of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population are based on the 2006 Census. Series A of the projections assumes declining fertility, increasing paternity, constant net interstate migration, zero net overseas migration and constant life expectancy at birth. Series B assumes declining fertility, increasing paternity, constant net interstate migration, zero net overseas migration and increasing life expectancy at birth. For further details see Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0). 29 Persons arriving in, or departing from, Australia provide information in the form of incoming and outgoing passenger cards. Incoming persons also provide information in visa applications (apart from people travelling as Australian or New Zealand (NZ) citizens). These and other information available to the Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) serve as a source for statistics of overseas arrivals and departures (OAD).

EST I M A T E S AND PRO J E C T I O N S OF ABO R I G I N A L AND TORR ES STRA I T ISLAN D E R POPULA TI ON

OVER S EA S ARRI V A LS AND DEPARTU R ES STATIS TI CS

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OVER S EA S ARRI V A LS AND DEPARTU R ES STATIS TI CS continued

30 In July 1998, DIAC revised the incoming and outgoing passenger cards and associated procedures as well as computer systems. Following these changes, some questions on the passenger cards were not compulsory and answers to these questions were not checked by Customs officers. The question on marital status was deleted. Data on marital status are now derived from visa applications (only for certain visa classes) and are therefore not available for Australian or NZ citizens. The changes also affect the data for 'previous country of residence' which is imputed for Australian and NZ citizens. For more information see the May 1998 issue of Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0). Since July 1998, there have been additional minor changes to both incoming and outgoing passenger cards. 31 From July 2001, DIAC adopted a new passenger card processing system which involved electronic imaging of passenger cards and intelligent character recognition of the data stored in the images. This process has yielded several improvements to the processing of passenger card data, most notably the detailed information about missing values. There have also been several changes to data quality. Further information on these changes is provided in Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0).

Scope

32 Overseas arrivals and departures statistics relate to the number of movements of travellers rather than the number of travellers (i.e. multiple movements of individual persons during a given reference period are each counted separately). The statistics exclude the movements of operational air and ships' crew, of transit passengers who pass through Australia but are not cleared for entry, and of passengers on pleasure cruises commencing and finishing in Australia. Similarly, these statistics exclude unauthorised arrivals. 33 For more information, see Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0).

NEW METHOD FOR DEFI NING RES I D E N T S TEM P O R A R I L Y OVER S EA S

34 The ABS has improved the measure of net overseas migration by expanding the Australian residence criteria from a 12/12 months rule to a 12/16 months rule. This has implications for the measurement of residents temporarily overseas (RTOs) due to the change in residence criteria mentioned above. A final measure of RTOs can only be obtained 21 months after Census night, when actual traveller behaviour, and each traveller's true residence status on Census night (according to 12/16 month rule) can be observed. For further information on the improved measure of net overseas migration see: ! Information Paper: Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, 2006 (cat.no. 3107.0.55.003); and ! Information Paper: Statistical Implications of Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, Australia, 2007 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.005). 35 Population projections presented in this publication are not predictions or forecasts. They are an assessment of what would happen to Australia's population if the assumed levels of components of population change births, deaths and migration were to hold for the next 50100 years. 36 The ERP at June 2007 is the base for the projections series. The three series presented in this publication, and their assumptions are as follows: 37 Series A assumes the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) will reach 2.0 babies per woman by 2021 and then remain constant, life expectancy at birth will continue to increase until 2056 (reaching 93.9 years for males and 96.1 years for females), NOM will reach 220,000 by 2011 and then remain constant, and high flows of interstate migration.

POPULAT I ON PROJ EC TI ON S

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POPULAT I ON PROJ EC TI ON S continued

38 Series B assumes the TFR will decrease to 1.8 babies per woman by 2021 and then remain constant, life expectancy at birth will continue to increase each year until 2011 after which mortality improvement will decline until 2056 (reaching 85.0 years for males and 88.0 years for females), NOM will be held constant at 180,000 per year throughout the projection period, and medium flows of interstate migration. 39 Series C assumes the TFR will decrease to 1.6 babies per woman by 2021 and then remain constant, life expectancy at birth will continue to increase each year until 2011 after which mortality improvement will decline until 2056 (reaching 85.0 years for males and 88.0 years for females), NOM will decrease to 140,000 per year by 2011 and then remain constant, and low flows of interstate migration. 40 For additional series and information (e.g. age, sex, states/territories and capital cities/balances of state), see Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0).

HOU S E H O L D PRO J E C T I O N S

41 The ABS uses a propensity method to project numbers of households, families and persons in different living arrangements. The method identifies propensities (proportions) from the Census of Population and Housing for people to belong to different living arrangement types. Trends observed in the propensities over the last four censuses are assumed to continue into the future, and applied to a projected population (see Series B, Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0)). Numbers of households and families are then derived from the projected living arrangements of the population. 42 Data presented in table 20 are not intended as predictions or forecasts, but are illustrations of growth and change in the numbers of households which would occur if the assumptions about future trends in living arrangements were to prevail over the projection period. For more information see Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2031 (cat. no. 3236.0).

CONF I D E N T I A L I T Y

43 The Census and Statistics Act, 1905 provides the authority for the ABS to collect statistical information, and requires that statistical output shall not be published or disseminated in a manner that is likely to enable the identification of a particular person or organisation. This requirement means that the ABS must take care and make assurances that any statistical information about individual respondents cannot be derived from published data. 44 Some techniques used to guard against identification or disclosure of confidential information in statistical tables are suppression of sensitive cells, and random adjustments to cells with very small values. To protect confidentiality within this publication, some cell values may have been suppressed and are not available for publication (np) but included in totals where applicable. In these cases, data may not sum to totals due to the confidentialisation of individual cells.

ROUNDIN G

45 In this publication, population estimates and their components have sometimes been rounded. Rounded figures and unrounded figures should not be assumed to be accurate to the last digit shown. Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of component items and totals. 46 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated: without it, the wide range of statistics published in the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905. 47 Other ABS products which may be of interest to users include:

ACKN OWL E D G M E N T

REL A T E D PRO D U C T S

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R E L A T E D P R O D U C T S continued

! ! !

!
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! !

! !

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! ! !

Animated population pyramids for Australia and each state and territory are available on the ABS website <www.abs.gov.au> by selecting Australia's Population and scroll to Animated Population Pyramids; Australian Historical Population Statistics, 2008 (cat. no. 3105.0.65.001); Births, Australia (cat. no. 3301.0); Causes of Death, Australia (cat. no. 3303.0); Causes of Death, Australia: Doctor Certified Deaths, Summary Tables (cat. no. 3303.0.55.001); Census of Population and Housing Details of Undercount (cat. no. 2940.0); Deaths, Australia (cat. no. 3302.0); Discussion Paper: Assessment of Methods for Developing Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006 (cat. no. 3302.0.55.002); Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2021 (cat. no. 3238.0); Experimental Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Jun 2006 (cat. no. 3238.0.55.001); Experimental Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 20052007 (cat. no. 3302.0.55.003); Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2031 (cat. no. 3236.0); Information Paper: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Demographic Statistics Work Program and Release Plans, April 2012 (cat. no. 3238.0.55.003); Information Paper: Determining Seats in the House of Representatives - Legislative Requirements for Provision of ABS Statistics, 2005 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.002); Information Paper: Ensuring the Quality of Rebased Population Estimates, 2011 (cat. no. 3250.0); Information Paper: Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, 2006 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.003); Information Paper: Improving Net Overseas Migration Estimation, Mar 2010 (cat. no. 3412.0.55.001); Information Paper: Measuring Net Undercount in the 2011 Population Census, 2011 (cat. no. 2940.0.55.001); Information Paper: Population Estimates under Australia's New Statistical Geography, August 2011 (cat. no. 3219.0.55.001); Information Paper: Rebasing Population Estimates, Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 3101.0.55.001); Information Paper: Review of Interstate Migration Method, March 2009 (cat. no. 3106.0.55.001); Information Paper: Statistical Implications of Improved Methods for Estimating Net Overseas Migration, Australia, 2007 (cat. no. 3107.0.55.005); Marriages and Divorces, Australia (cat. no. 3310.0); Migration, Australia (cat. no. 3412.0); Overseas Arrivals and Departures, Australia (cat. no. 3401.0); Perinatal Deaths, Australia, 2009 (cat. no. 3304.0); Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories (cat. no. 3201.0); Population by Age and Sex, Regions of Australia (cat. no. 3235.0); Population Estimates: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2009 (cat. no. 3228.0.55.001); Population Projections, Australia, 2006 to 2101 (cat. no. 3222.0); Regional Population Growth, Australia (cat. no. 3218.0); and Suicides, Australia (cat. no. 3309.0).

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ADD I T I O N A L STATI S T I C S AVAI LAB L E

48 As well as the statistics included in this and related publications, the ABS may have other relevant data available on request. Inquiries should be made to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070. 49 ABS products and publications are available free of charge from the ABS website <http://www.abs.gov.au>. Click on Statistics to gain access to the full range of ABS statistical and reference information. 50 Statistics of overseas arrivals and departures and related data are also published regularly by DIAC <http://www.immi.gov.au> (see the Departments quarterly publications, Immigration Update and The Outlook for Net Overseas Migration) and by Tourism Research Australia (on international travel and tourism) <http://www.ret.gov.au/tourism/research>.

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GLOSS A R Y

12/12 month rule

A method for measuring an overseas traveller's duration of stay or absence in which the 12 month usual residence criterion in population estimates is measured across a 12 month period. Under a 12/12 month rule, overseas travellers must be resident in Australia for a continuous 12 month period or more to be included in the estimated resident population. Similarly, Australian residents travelling overseas must be absent from Australia for a continuous 12 month period or more to be removed from the estimated resident population. A method for measuring an overseas traveller's duration of stay or absence which takes an approach to measure usual residence that does not have to be continuous, as opposed to the continuous approach used under a '12/12 month rule'. Under a '12/16 month rule', incoming overseas travellers (who are not currently counted in the population) must be resident in Australia for a total period of 12 months or more, during the 16 month follow-up period to then be included in the estimated resident population. Similarly, those travellers departing Australia (who are currently counted in the population) must be absent from Australia for a total of 12 months or more during the 16 month follow-up period to then be subtracted from the estimated resident population. The 12/16 month rule therefore takes account of those persons who may have left Australia briefly and returned, while still being resident for 12 months out of 16. Similarly, it takes account of Australians who live most of the time overseas but periodically return to Australia for short periods.

12/16 month rule

Age-specific fertility rates

Age-specific fertility rates in this publication are the number of live births (occurred or registered) during the financial year, according to age of mother, per 1,000 of the female estimated resident population of the same age at 31 December. For calculating these rates, births to mothers under 15 years are included in the 1519 years age group, and births to mothers aged 50 years and over are included in the 4549 years age group. Pro rata adjustment is made in respect of births for which age of mother is not given. The average annual growth rate, r, is calculated as a percentage using the formula: r= Pn Po
1 n

Average annual rate of growth

1 % 100

where P0 is the population at the start of the period, Pn is the population at the end of the period and n is the length of the period between P0 and Pn in years. Balance of state or territory The aggregation of all Statistical Divisions (SD) within a state or territory other than its capital city SD (see Major Statistical Region in Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (cat. no. 1216.0). The delivery of a child, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, who, after being born, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as heartbeat. Refers to the capital city Statistical Divisions of state and territories as defined in Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (cat. no. 1216.0). Category of movement is of particular relevance to the overseas arrivals and departures (OAD) collection. OAD are classified according to length of stay (in Australia or overseas), as recorded by travellers on passenger cards or derived with reference to previous border crossings. There are three main categories of movement and 10 sub-categories: ! permanent movement: ! permanent arrival (PA); ! permanent departure (PD); ! long-term movement - has a duration of stay (or absence) of one year or more: ! long-term resident returning (LTRR); ! long-term visitor arrival (LTVA); ! long-term resident departure (LTRD); ! long-term visitor departure (LTVD);

Birth Capital city Category of movement

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G L O S S A R Y continued
Category of movement continued
!

short-term movement - has a duration of stay (or absence) of less than one year: ! short-term resident returning (STRR); ! short-term visitor arrival (STVA); ! short-term resident departure (STRD); and ! short-term visitor departure (STVD).

A significant number of travellers (i.e. overseas visitors to Australia on arrival and Australian residents going abroad) state exactly 12 months or one year as their intended period of stay. Many stay for less than that period and on their departure from, or return to, Australia are therefore classified as short-term. Accordingly, in an attempt to maintain consistency between arrivals and departures, movements of travellers who report their actual or intended period of stay as being one year exactly are randomly allocated to long-term or short-term in proportion to the number of movements of travellers who report their actual length of stay as up to one month more, or one month less, than one year. Census The complete enumeration of a population or groups at a point in time with respect to well-defined characteristics (eg Population, Manufacturing, etc.). When the word is capitalised, "Census" usually refers to the national Census of Population and Housing. Death is the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life after birth has taken place. The definition excludes deaths prior to live birth. For the purposes of the Deaths and Causes of Death collections conducted by the ABS, a death refers to any death which occurs in, or en route to Australia and is registered with a state or territory Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages. Estimated resident population (ERP) The official measure of the population of Australia is based on the concept of usual residence. It refers to all people, regardless of nationality, citizenship or legal status, who usually live in Australia, with the exception of foreign diplomatic personnel and their families. It includes usual residents who are overseas for less than 12 months. It excludes overseas visitors who are in Australia for less than 12 months. Estimates of the Australian resident population are generated on a quarterly basis by adding natural increase (the excess of births over deaths) and net overseas migration (NOM) occurring during the period to the population at the beginning of each period. This is known as the cohort component method, and can be represented by the following equation: Pt+1 = Pt + B D + NOM, where: Pt = the estimated resident population at time point t Pt+1 = the estimated resident population at time point t+1 B = the number of births occurring between t and t+1 D = the number of deaths occurring between t and t+1 NOM = net overseas migration occurring between t and t+1. For state and territory population estimates, an additional term is added to the equation representing net interstate migration (NIM) occurring between t and t+1, represented by the following equation: Pt+1 = Pt + B D + NOM + NIM.

Death

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G L O S S A R Y continued
Household A household is a group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling who regard themselves as a household and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his or her own food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person. Households include group households of unrelated persons, same-sex couple households, single-parent households as well as one-person households. A household usually resides in a private dwelling (including caravans etc. in caravan parks). Persons usually resident in non-private dwellings, such as hotels, motels, boarding houses, gaols and hospitals, are not included in household estimates. This definition of a household is consistent with the definition used in the Census. Household population The household population is the estimated resident population (ERP) that usually lives in private dwellings. It is the ERP less the population that usually lives in non-private dwellings. An infant death is the death of a live-born child who dies before reaching his/her first birthday. The number of deaths of children under one year of age in a financial year per 1,000 live births in the same financial year. Intercensal discrepancy is the difference between two estimates at 30 June of a Census year population: the first based on the latest Census, and the second arrived at by updating the 30 June estimate of the previous Census date estimate with intercensal components of population change which take account of information available from the latest Census. It is caused by errors in the start and/or finish population estimates and/or in estimates of births, deaths or migration in the intervening period which cannot be attributed to a particular source. For further information see Population Estimates: Concepts Sources and Methods, 2009 (cat. no. 3228.0.55.001). Intercensal error is the difference between two estimates at 30 June of a Census year population: the first based on the latest Census and the second arrived at by updating the 30 June estimate of the previous Census year with intercensal components of population change which do not take account of information available from the latest Census. For further information see Population Estimates: Concepts Sources and Methods, 2009 (cat. no. 3228.0.55.001). Long-term arrivals comprise of long-term visitor arrivals (LTVA) and long-term resident returns (LTRR). Long-term departures comprise of long-term resident departures (LTRD) and long-term visitor departures (LTVD). Australian residents who state that they intend to stay abroad for 12 months or more (but not permanently). Australian residents returning after an abscence of 12 months or more overseas. Overseas visitors who state that they intend to stay in Australia for 12 months or more (but not permanently). Overseas visitors departing who stayed 12 months or more in Australia. For any distribution, the median value is that which divides the relevant population into two equal parts, half falling below the value, and half exceeding it. Thus, the median age is the age at which half the population is older and half is younger.

Infant death Infant mortality rate (IMR) Intercensal discrepancy

Intercensal error

Long-term arrivals Long-term departures Long-term resident departures (LTRD) Long-term resident returns (LTRR) Long-term visitor arrivals (LTVA) Long-term visitor departures (LTVD) Median age

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Migration adjustment Under the previous NOM method, the ABS applied a number of adjustments to overseas arrivals and departures data in order to produce estimates of net overseas migration (NOM). These mainly comprised adjustments designed to reflect differences between stated travel intentions and actual travel behaviour. Until recently, adjustments used by ABS to produce NOM estimates were collectively referred to as 'category jumping adjustments'. They are now referred to more simply as 'migration adjustments'. Excess of births over deaths. The difference between the number of persons who have changed their place of usual residence by moving into a given state or territory and the number who have changed their place of usual residence by moving out of that state or territory during a specified time period. This difference can be either positive or negative. Net overseas migration is the net gain or loss of population through immigration to Australia and emigration from Australia. It is: ! based on an international traveller's duration of stay being in or out of Australia for 12 months or more; ! the difference between: ! the number of incoming international travellers who stay in Australia for 12 months or more, who are not currently counted within the population, and are then added to the population (NOM arrivals); and ! the number of outgoing international travellers (Australian residents and long-term visitors to Australia) who leave Australia for 12 months or more, who are currently counted within the population, and are then subtracted from the population (NOM departures). Under the current method for estimating final net overseas migration this term is based on a traveller's actual duration of stay or absence using the '12/16 month rule'. Preliminary NOM estimates are modelled on patterns of traveller behaviours observed in final NOM estimates for the same period one year earlier NOM arrivals NOM arrivals are all overseas arrivals that contribute to net overseas migration (NOM). It is the number of incoming international travellers who stay in Australia for 12 months or more, who are not currently counted within the population, and are then added to the population. Under the current method for estimating final net overseas migration this term is based on a traveller's actual duration of stay or absence using the '12/16 month rule'. NOM departures NOM departures are all overseas departures that contribute to net overseas migration (NOM). It is the number of outgoing international travellers (Australian residents and long term visitors to Australia) who leave Australia for 12 months or more, who are currently counted within the population, and are then subtracted from the population. Under the current method for estimating final net overseas migration this term is based on a traveller's actual duration of stay or absence using the '12/16 month rule'. Net permanent and long-term movement Net undercount Under the previous NOM method, the difference between the number of permanent (settler) and long-term arrivals and the number of permanent and long-term departures. Short-term movements are excluded. The difference between the actual Census count (including imputations) and an estimate of the number of people who should have been counted in the Census. This estimate is based on the Post Enumeration Survey (PES) conducted after each Census. For a category of person (e.g. based on age, sex and state of usual residence), net undercount is the result of Census undercount, overcount, misclassification and imputation error.

Natural increase Net interstate migration

Net overseas migration (NOM)

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Overseas arrivals and departures (OAD) Overseas arrivals and departures (OAD) refer to the recorded arrival or departure of persons through Australian air or sea ports (excluding operational air and ships' crew). Statistics on OAD relate to the number of movements of travellers rather than the number of travellers (i.e. the multiple movements of individual persons during a given reference period are all counted). Passenger cards are completed by nearly all passengers arriving in, or departing from, Australia. Information including occupation, nationality, intended length of stay, main reason for journey, and state or territory of intended stay/residence is collected. Permanent arrivals (settlers) comprise: ! travellers who hold migrant visas (regardless of stated intended period of stay); ! New Zealand citizens who indicate an intention to settle; and ! those who are otherwise eligible to settle (e.g. overseas born children of Australian citizens). This definition of settlers is used by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC). Prior to 1985, the definition of settlers used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) was the stated intention of the traveller only. Numerically, the effect of the change in definition is insignificant. The change was made to avoid the confusion caused by minor differences between data on settlers published separately by the ABS and the DIAC. Permanent departures Post enumeration survey (PES) Permanent departures are Australian residents (including former settlers) who on departure state that they are departing permanently. The Census Post Enumeration Survey (PES) is a household survey conducted three to four weeks after the Census. The PES allows the ABS to estimate the number of people missed in the Census and the number counted more than once. Usually more people are missed than are counted more than once in Australia, leading to a net undercount. Results from the PES contribute to a more accurate calculation of the estimated resident population (ERP) for Australia and the states and territories, which is then backdated to 30 June of the Census year. For Australia, population growth is the sum of natural increase and net overseas migration. For states and territories, population growth also includes net interstate migration. After the census, intercensal population growth also includes an allowance for intercensal discrepancy. Population change over a period as a proportion (percentage) of the population at the beginning of the period. The ABS uses the cohort-component method for producing population projections of Australia, the states, territories, capital cities and balances of state. This method begins with a base population for each sex by single year of age and advances it year by year, for each year in the projection period, by applying assumptions regarding future fertility, mortality and migration. The assumptions are based on demographic trends over the past decade and longer, both in Australia and overseas. The projections are not predictions or forecasts, but are simply illustrations of the change in population which would occur if the assumptions were to prevail over the projection period. A number of projections are produced by the ABS to show a range of possible future outcomes. The sex ratio relates to the number of males per 100 females. The sex ratio is defined for the total population, at birth, at death and among age groups by appropriately selecting the numerator and the denominator of the ratio. Short-term arrivals comprise: ! overseas visitors/migrants who intend to stay in Australia for less than 12 months; and ! Australian residents returning from overseas after an absence of less than 12 months. Short-term departures comprise: ! Australian residents who intend to stay abroad for less than 12 months; and

Passenger Card

Permanent arrivals (settlers)

Population growth

Population growth rate Population projections

Sex ratio

Short-term arrivals

Short-term departures

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Short-term departures continued Standardised death rate (SDR)
!

overseas visitors departing after a stay of less than 12 months in Australia.

Standardised death rates enable the comparison of death rates between populations with different age structures by relating them to a standard population. The ABS standard populations relate to the years ending in 1. The current standard population is all persons in the Australian population at 30 June 2001. SDRs are expressed per 1,000 or 100,000 persons. There are two methods of calculating SDRs: ! The direct method this is used when the populations under study are large and the age-specific death rates are reliable. It is the overall death rate that would have prevailed in the standard population if it had experienced at each age the death rates of the population under study; and ! The indirect method this is used when the populations under study are small and the age-specific death rates are unreliable or not known. It is an adjustment to the crude death rate of the standard population to account for the variation between the actual number of deaths in the population under study and the number of deaths which would have occurred if the population under study had experienced the age-specific death rates of the standard population. Wherever used, the definition adopted is indicated.

State or territory of usual residence

State or territory of usual residence refer to the state or territory of usual residence of: the population (estimated resident population); ! the mother (birth collection); and ! the deceased (death collection).
!

In the case of overseas movements, state or territory of usual residence refers to the state or territory regarded by the traveller as the one in which he/she lives or has lived. State or territory of intended residence is derived from the intended address given by settlers, and by Australian residents returning after a journey abroad. Particularly in the case of the former, this information does not necessarily relate to the state or territory in which the traveller will eventually establish a permanent residence. Statistical District (S Dist) Statistical Districts (S Dist) consist of selected, significant, predominantly urban areas in Australia which are not located within a Capital City Statistical Division (SD). S Dists enable comparable statistics to be produced about these selected urban areas. Further information concerning S Dists is contained in Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (cat. no. 1216.0). Statistical Divisions (SD) consist of one or more Statistical Subdivisions (SSD). These are designed to be relatively homogeneous regions characterised by identifiable social and economic units within the region, under the unifying influence of one or more major towns or cities. Information concerning SDs is contained in Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (cat. no. 1216.0). The sum of age-specific fertility rates (live births at each age of mother per female population of that age). It represents the number of children a female would bear during her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates at each age of her reproductive life (ages 15 - 49). See net undercount.

Statistical Division (SD)

Total fertility rate (TFR)

Under enumeration

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3101. 0

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Commonwealth of Australia 2012 Produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics