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The difference between barratry and ambulance chasing Barratry is an offense of frequently exciting and stirring up quarrels and

d suits, either at law or otherwise; lawyers act of fomenting suits among individuals and offering his legal services to one of them. Note: Barratry is not a crime under the Philippine laws. However, it is proscribed by the rules of legal ethics. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA)

Ambulance chasing is an act of chasing victims of accidents for the purpose of talking to the said victims (or relatives) and offering his legal services for the filing of a case against the person(s) who caused the accident(s) (1993 Bar Question). It has spawned a number of recognized evils such as (FSMD): 1. Fomenting of litigation with resulting burdens on the courts and the public; 2. Subordination of perjury; 3. Mulcting of innocent persons by judgments, upon manufactured causes of action; and 4. Defrauding of injured persons having proper causes of action but ignorant of legal rights and court procedures by means of contracts which retain exorbitant percentages of recovery and illegal charges for court costs and expenses and by settlement made for quick returns of fees and against just rights of the injured persons (Hightower v. Detroit Edison Co. 247 NW 97, 1993) Note: Volunteer advice to bring lawsuit comes within the prohibition, except where ties of blood, relationship and trust make it a duty to do so.

Canon 2: Who are considered defenseless/oppressed? Defenseless are those are not in a position to defend themselves due to poverty, weakness, ignorance or other similar reasons. Oppressed are those who are the victims of the cruelty, unlawful, exaction, domination or excessive use of authority. Note: By specific authority the court may appoint an attorney to render professional aid to a destitute appellant in a criminal case who is unable to employ an attorney. Correspondingly a duty is imposed upon a lawyer so assigned to render the required service. A lawyer so appointed as counsel for an indigent prisoner, the Canons of Professional Ethics demands, should always exert his best efforts in the indigents behalf. (People v. Estebia, G.R. No. L- 26868, Feb. 27, 1969) The inability to pay for legal services is not a valid reason to refuse acceptance of a case. This is because the profession is a branch of the administration of justice and not a mere money-getting trade. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA) Note: A lawyer who accepts the cause of a person unable to pay his professional fees shall observe the same standard of conduct governing his relation with paying client. LEGAL AID IS NOT A MATTER OF CHARITY, BUT A PUBLIC RESPONSIBILITY. It is a means for the correction of social imbalance that may and often do lead to injustice, for which reason it is the public responsibility of the Bar. Rule in Mandatory Legal Service The mandatory Legal Aid Service mandates every practicing lawyer to render a minimum of 60 hours of free legal aid services to indigent litigants yearly. Page 1 of 10

Note: Rule on Mandatory Legal Aid Service (B.M. No. 2012): Pursuant to an en banc Resolution of the Supreme Court, this Rule took effect on January 1, 2010, provided its implementing regulations have been published prior to the said date. The purpose of the rule o The rule seeks to enhance the duty of lawyers to society as agents of social change and to the courts as officers thereof by helping improve access to justice by the less privileged members of society and expedite the resolution of cases involving them. Mandatory free legal service by members of the bar and their active support thereof will aid the efficient and effective administration of justice especially in cases involving indigent and pauper litigants. (Sec. 2, B.M. No. 2012) The scope of the rule o It shall govern the mandatory requirement for practicing lawyers to render free legal aid services in all cases (whether, civil, criminal or administrative) involving indigent and pauper litigants where the assistance of a lawyer is needed. It shall also govern the duty of other members of the legal profession to support the legal aid program of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines. (Sec 3, B.M. No. 2012) The practicing lawyers for the purpose of this rule? o Practicing lawyers are members of the Philippine Bar who appear for and in behalf of parties in courts of law and quasi-judicial agencies, including but not limited to the National Labor Relations Commission, National Conciliation and Mediation Board, Department of Labor and Employment Regional Offices, Department of Agrarian Reform Adjudication Board and National Commission for Indigenous Peoples. The term practicing lawyers shall exclude: 1. Government employees and incumbent elective officials not allowed by law to practice; 2. Lawyers who by law are not allowed to appear in court; 3. Supervising lawyers of students enrolled in law student practice in duly accredited legal clinics of law schools and lawyers of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and peoples organizations (POs) like the Free Legal Assistance Group who by the nature of their work already render free legal aid to indigent and pauper litigants; and 4. Lawyers not covered under subparagraphs 1 to 3 including those who are employed in the private sector but do not appear for and in behalf of parties in courts of law and quasi-judicial agencies.(Sec. 4[a], B.M. 2012) Indigent and pauper litigants o Under Section 19, Rule 141, Rules of Court, Indigent litigants are those: 1. Whose gross income and that of their immediate family do not exceed an amount double the monthly minimum wage of an employee; and 2. Who do not own real property with a fair market value as stated in the current tax declaration of more than three hundred thousand (P300,000.00) pesos shall be exempt from the payment of legal fees Note: A party may be authorized to litigate his action, claim or defense as an indigent if the court upon an exparte application and hearing, is satisfied that the party is one who has no money or property sufficient and available for food, shelter and basic necessities for himself and his family. (Section 21, Rule 3, RRC) Page 2 of 10

Legal aid cases o Legal aid cases includes actions, disputes, and controversies that are criminal, civil and administrative in nature in whatever stage wherein indigent and pauper litigants need legal representation. (Sec. 4[c], B. M.2012) Free legal aid services o Free legal aid services refer to appearance in court or quasi-judicial body for and in behalf of an indigent or pauper litigant and the preparation of pleadings or motions. It shall also cover assistance by a practicing lawyer to indigent or poor litigants in court-annexed mediation and in other modes of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Services rendered when a practicing lawyer is appointed counsel de oficio shall also be considered as free legal aid services and credited as compliance under the Rule. (Sec. 4[d], B.M. 2012) The requirements for mandatory legal aid service o Under the Rule, a practicing lawyer, among others, shall coordinate with the Clerk of Court or the Legal Aid Chairperson of ones Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) Chapter for cases where the lawyer may render free legal aid service. 1. Every practicing lawyer is required to render a minimum of 60 hours of free legal aid services to indigent litigants in a year. Said 60 hours shall be spread within the period of 12 months, with a minimum of 5 hours of free legal aid services each month. However, where it is necessary for the practicing lawyer to render legal aid service for more than 5 hours in one month, the excess hours may be credited to the said lawyer for the succeeding periods. (Sec. 5[a] first par., B.M. 2012) Note: For this purpose, a practicing lawyer shall coordinate with the Clerk of Court for cases where he may render free legal aid service. He may also coordinate with the IBP Legal Aid Chairperson of the IBP Chapter to inquire about cases where he may render free legal aid service. In this connection, the IBP Legal Aid Chairperson of the IBP Chapter shall regularly and actively coordinate with the Clerk of Court. (Sec. 5[a] second par., B.M. 2012) 2. The practicing lawyer shall report compliance with the requirement within 10 days of the last month of each quarter of the year. (Sec. 5[a] third par., B.M. 2012) 3. A practicing lawyer shall be required to secure and obtain a certificate from the Clerk of Court attesting to the number of hours spent rendering free legal aid services in a case. (Sec. 5[b] B.M. 2012) 4. Said compliance report shall be submitted to the Legal Aid Chairperson of the IBP Chapter within the Courts jurisdiction. (Sec. 5[c] B.M. 2012) 5. The IBP chapter shall, after verification, issue a compliance certificate to the concerned lawyer. The IBP Chapter shall also submit compliance reports to the IBPs National Committee on Legal Aid (NCLA) for recording and documentation. The submission shall be made within forty-five (45) days after the mandatory submission of compliance reports by the practicing lawyers. (Sec. 5[d] B.M. 2012) 6. Practicing lawyers shall indicate in all pleadings filed before the courts or quasi-judicial bodies the number and date of issue of their certificate of compliance for the immediately preceding compliance period. (Sec 5[e] B.M. 2012) Page 3 of 10

The certificate from the Clerk of Court o The certificate shall contain the following information: 1. The case or cases where the legal aid service was rendered, the party or parties in the said case(s), the docket number of the said case(s) and the date(s) the service was rendered 2. The number of hours actually spent 3. The number of hours actually spent attending mediation, conciliation or any other mode of ADR on a particular case 4. A motion (except a motion for extension of time to file a pleading or for postponement of hearing or conference) or pleading filed on a particular case shall be considered as one (1) hour of service. (Sec 5[b] B.M. 2012) Note: The Clerk of Court shall issue the certificate in triplicate, one (1) copy to be retained by the practicing lawyer, one (1) copy to be retained by the Clerk of Court and one (1) copy to be attached to the lawyer's compliance report. (Sec 5[b][iv]second par., B.M. 2012)

Credits given to a lawyer who renders mandatory legal aid service o A lawyer who renders mandatory legal aid service for the required number of hours in a year for the three year-period covered by a compliance period under the Rules on MCLE shall be credited the following: 1. Two (2) credit units for legal ethics 2. Two (2) credit units for trial and pretrial skills 3. Two (2) credit units for alternative dispute resolution 4. Four (4) credit units for legal writing and oral advocacy 5. Four (4) credit units for substantive and procedural laws and jurisprudence 6. Six (6) credit units for such subjects as may be prescribed by the MCLE Committee under Section 2(g), Rule 2 of the Rules on MCLE o A lawyer who renders mandatory legal aid service for the required number of hours in a year for at least two consecutive years within the three year-period covered by a compliance period under the Rules on MCLE shall be credited the following: 1. One (1) credit unit for legal ethics 2. One (1) credit unit for trial and pretrial skills 3. One (1) credit unit for alternative dispute resolution 4. Two (2) credit units for legal writing and oral advocacy 5. Two (2) credit units for substantive and procedural laws and jurisprudence 6. Three (3) credit units for such subjects as may be prescribed by the MCLE Committee under Section 2(g), Rule 2 of the Rules on MCLE. (Sec. 8, B.M. 2012)

The sanction in case of non-compliance of the rule on mandatory legal aid service 1. At the end of every calendar year, any practicing lawyer who fails to meet the minimum prescribed 60 hours of legal aid service each year shall be required by the IBP, through the National Committee on Legal Aid (NCLA), to explain why he was unable to render the minimum prescribed number of hours. 2. If no explanation has been given or if the NCLA finds the explanation unsatisfactory, the NCLA shall make a report and recommendation to Page 4 of 10

the IBP Board of Governors that the erring lawyer be declared a member of the IBP who is not in good standing. 3. Upon approval of the NCLAs recommendation, the IBP Board of Governors shall declare the erring lawyer as a member not in good standing. 4. The notice to the lawyer shall include a directive to pay P4,000.00 penalty which shall accrue to the special find for the legal aid program of the IBP. 5. The not in good standing declaration shall be effective for a period of 3 months from the receipt of the erring lawyer of the notice from the IBP Board of Governors. 6. During the said period, the lawyer cannot appear in court or any quasi-judicial body as counsel. 7. Provided, however, that the not in good standing status shall subsist even after the lapse of the 3-month period until and unless the penalty shall have been paid. 8. Any lawyer who fails to comply with his duties under this Rule for at least 3 consecutive shall be the subject of disciplinary proceedings to be instituted motu proprio by the Committee on Bar Discipline.(Sec. 7, B.M. 2012) Note: The falsification of a certificate or any contents thereof by any Clerk of Court or by any Chairperson of the Legal Aid Committee of the IBP local chapter where the case is pending or by the Director of a legal clinic or responsible officer of an NGO (non-governmental organizations) or PO (peoples organizations) shall be a ground for an administrative case against the said Clerk of Court or Chairperson. This is without prejudice to the filing of the criminal and administrative R.A. NO. 9999: AN ACT PROVIDING A MECHANISM FOR FREE LEGAL ASSISTANCE AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES of FEB. 23, 2010 ( Free Legal Assistance Act of 2010) The purposes of R.A. No. 9999? 1. To encourage lawyers and professional partnerships to provide free legal assistance 2. To solicit the assistance of lawyers and professional partnerships in the private practice of law in providing quality legal assistance to indigent litigants through a system of tax incentives 3. Provide relief to the Public Attorneys Office (PAO) and other associations accredited by the Supreme Court from the numerous cases it handles 4. Provide indigent litigants the opportunity to acquire the services of the distinguished law firms and legal practitioners of the country for free 5. Ensure that the right of every individual to counsel as mandated in the Constitution is protected and observed The Service o PAO, Department of Justice (DOJ) and other legal aid clinics accredited by the Supreme Court shall refer pauper litigants to identified lawyers and professional partnerships. o PAO, DOJ or the accredited legal aid clinic shall issue a certification that services were rendered by the lawyer or the professional partnership under this act. The certification shall include the cost of the actual services given. The incentives given to lawyers rendering free legal services o A lawyer or professional partnerships rendering actual free legal services, as defined by the Supreme Court, shall be entitled to an Page 5 of 10

allowable deduction from the gross income, the amount that could have been collected for the actual free legal services rendered or up to ten percent (10%) of the gross income derived from the actual performance of the legal profession, whichever is lower: Provided, That the actual free legal services herein contemplated shall be exclusive of the minimum sixty (60)-hour mandatory legal aid services rendered to indigent litigants as required under the Rule on Mandatory Legal Aid Services for Practicing Lawyers, under BAR Matter No. 2012, issued by the Supreme Court. (Sec. 5, R.A. 9999) Salient features of R.A. No. 9999? 1. The law will allow indigent litigants to acquire the services of renowned lawyers and law firms for free 2. In exchange for the services rendered by the lawyer or the law firm, they will be given tax incentives equivalent to the cost of the services rendered to the indigent litigant 3. It will help relieve the Public Attorneys Office (PAO) of its numerous case load involving indigent litigants who shall be referred to lawyers or law firms in the private practice 4. It should entice renowned and distinguished firms and lawyers in the practice as their services shall still be compensated commensurately through the tax incentives Note: The DOJ, in cooperation with the Philippine Information Agency (PIA), is hereby mandated to conduct an annual Information, Education and Communication (IEC) campaign in order to inform the lawyers of the procedures and guidelines in availing tax deductions and inform the general public that a free legal assistance to those who cannot afford counsel is being provided by the State. (Sec. 6, R.A. 9999)

Rule on Advertisement of Lawyers Advertisements of lawyers and law firms o General Rule: No advertisements allowed. The most worthy and effective advertisement possible is the establishment of a well-merited reputation for professional capacity and fidelity to trust. Note: Lawyers may not advertise their services or expertise nor should they resort to indirect advertisements for professional employment, such as furnishing or inspiring newspaper comments, or procuring his photograph to be published in connection with causes in which the lawyer has been engaged or concerning the manner of their conduct, the magnitude of the interest involved, the importance of the lawyer's position, and all other self-laudation. Note: Advertising is NOT malum in se and what the prohibition tries to prevent is advertising that tends to degrade the dignity of the profession. o Exception to the General Rule LEPO-LABAN-PD 1. Reputable Law lists, in a manner consistent with the standards of conduct imposed by the canons, of brief biographical and informative data, are allowed. 2. Advertisements or simple announcement of the Existence of a lawyer or his law firm posted anywhere it is proper such as his place of business or residence except courtrooms and government buildings. 3. Ordinary simple Professional Card. It may contain only a statement of his name, the name of the law firm which he is Page 6 of 10

connected with, address, telephone number and the special branch of law practiced. 4. A simple announcement of the Opening of a law firm or of changes in the partnership, associates, firm name or office address, being for the convenience of the profession, is not objectionable. 5. Advertisements or announcement in any Legal publication, including books, journals, and legal magazines and in telephone directories. (Ulep v. Legal Clinic, Inc., B.M. No. 553, June 17, 1993) 6. Writing legal Articles 7. Engaging in Business and other occupations except when such could be deemed improper, be seen as indirect solicitation or would be the equivalent of a law practice 8. Activity of an association for the purpose of legal representation. 9. Notice to other local lawyers and publishing in a legal journal of ones availability to act as an associate for them 10. Seeking a Public office, which can only be held by a lawyer or, in a dignified manner, a position as a full time corporate counsel 11. Listing in a phone Directory, but not under a designation of a special branch of law. (Atty. Khan Jr. v. Atty. Simbillo, A.C. No. 5299, Aug. 19, 2003) The rationale for the prohibition on advertisements 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The profession is primarily for public service; Commercializes the profession Involves self-praise and puffing Damages public confidence May increase lawsuits and result in needless litigation Note: It is highly unethical for an attorney to advertise his talents or skill as a merchant advertises his wares. (In re: Tagorda, 53 Phil 42, Mar. 23, 1929) Activities that constitute indirect solicitation 1. Writing and selling for publication articles of general nature on legal subjects 2. Writing unsolicited article on a legal subject.

Canon 3: Deceptive Information in Lawyer Advertisement The practice of law is not a trade like the sale of commodities to the general public where the usual exaggerations in trade, when the proper party had the opportunity to know the facts, are not in themselves fraudulent.

Deceptive Advertisement 1. Misstatements of fact 2. Suggestions that the ingenuity or prior record of a lawyer rather than the justice of the claim are the principal factors likely to determine the result 3. Inclusion of information irrelevant on selecting a lawyer 4. Representations concerning the quality of service, which cannot be measured or verified. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA)

Using a Deceased Partners Name

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All the partners have by their joint and several efforts over a period of years contributed to the good will attached to the firm name. In the case of a firm having widespread connections, this good will is disturbed by a change in firm name every time a partner dies, and that reflects a loss in some degree of the good will to the building up of which the surviving partners have contributed their time, skill and labor through a period of years. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA) Note: The doctrine in, In the matter of the petition for authority to continue use of the firm Ozaeta, Romulo, De Leon etc., and petition for authority to continue use of firm name Sycip, Salazar, Feliciano, etc. (July 30, 1979) that a law firm cannot continue using the name of a deceased partner due to the possibility of deception upon the public, is abandoned by Rule 3.02. Note: No name not belonging to any of the partners or associates may be used in the firm name for any purpose. Continued use of the name of a deceased partner is permissible provided that the firm indicates in all its communications that said partner is deceased. The use of a cross after the name of the deceased partner is sufficient indication. It is advisable though that the year of the death be also indicated. Note: At the hearing, the respondent admitted that the letterhead of the Cristal-Tenorio Law Office listed Felicismo R. Tenorio Jr., Gerardo A. Panghulan, and Maricris D. Battung as senior partners. She admitted that the first two are not lawyers but paralegals. They are listed in the letterhead of her law office as senior partners because they have investments in her law office. That is a blatant misrepresentation. (Cambaliza v. Atty. Cristal-Tenorio, A.C. No. 6290, July 14, 2004)

Canon 4: Participates in the Improvement of the Legal System By reason of education and experience, lawyers are especially qualified to recognize deficiencies in the legal system and to initiate corrective measures therein. Thus they should participate in proposing and supporting legislation and programs to improve the system, without regard to the general interests or desires of clients or former clients. (Ethical Consideration 8-1, 1978, Model Code of Professional Responsibility, American Bar Association) E.g.: 1. Presenting position papers or resolutions for the introduction of pertinent bills in Congress; or 2. Petitions with the SC for the amendment of the Rules of Court.

Every man owes some of his time to the up building of the profession to which he belongs. (Report of the IBP Committee) Lawyers also have the duty to assist the Judicial and Bar Council (JBC) is appraising accurately the qualifications of candidates for judicial office. A lawyer may with propriety endorse a candidate and seek that endorsement from other lawyers. A lawyer should not use or attempt to use the power or prestige of the judicial office to secure such endorsement. On the other hand, the lawyer whose endorsement is sought should have the courage and moral stamina to refuse the request for endorsement if he believes the candidate lacks the essential qualifications for the office or believes the opposing candidate is better qualified. (ABA Opinion 189 (1938); Funa, 2009)

Canon 5: Participate in Legal Education This duty carries with it the obligation to be well informed of the existing laws, and to keep abreast with legal developments, recent enactment and jurisprudence. It is imperative that they be conversant with basic legal principles. Unless they faithfully comply with such duty, they may not be able to discharge competently and diligently their obligations as members of the Page 8 of 10

Bar. Worse, they may become susceptible to committing mistakes. (Dulalai Jr. v. Cruz, A.C. No. 6854, Apr. 27, 2007, citing Santiago v. Rafanan, A.C. No. 6252 Oct. 5, 2004) The Three-Fold Obligation of A Lawyer 1. He owes it to himself to continue improving his knowledge of the laws 2. He owes it to his profession to take an active interest in the maintenance of high standards of legal education 3. He owes it to the lay public to make the law a part of their social consciousness. Canon 6: The Foremost Duty of a Lawyer The foremost duty of a lawyer is not to his client but to the administration of justice. To this end, his clients success is wholly subordinate. Note: His conduct ought to and must always be scrupulously observant of law and ethics, while a lawyer must advocate his clients cause in utmost earnestness and with the maximum skill he can marshal; he is not at liberty to resort to illegal means for his clients interest. It is the duty of an attorney to employ for the purpose of maintaining the causes confided in him such means as are consistent with truth and honor. (Valencia v. Cabanting, A.M. Nos. 1302, 1391, 1543; Apr. 26, 1991) Difference Between Rule 6.02 and 6.01 Unlike rule 6.01, 6.02 is not limited to public prosecutors, or public lawyers engaged principally in criminal prosecution cases. The restriction applies particularly to lawyers in government service, who are allowed by law to engage in private law practice, and those who, though prohibited from engaging in the practice of law, have friends, former associates and relatives who are in the active practice of law. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA) prohibits lawyers from representing a private client even if the interests of the former government client and the new client are entirely parallel. Definition of Matter and Intervene Any matter, according to the American Bar Association formal opinion, is any discrete isolatable act, as well as identifiable transaction or conduct involving a particular situation and specific party, and not merely an act of drafting, enforcing or interpreting government or agency proceeding, regulations or laws or briefing abstract principles of law. Intervene includes an act of a person who has the power to influence the subject proceedings. (PCGG v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. Nos. 151809-12, Apr. 12, 2005) Adverse-Interest Conflicts vs. Congruent-Interest Representation Conflicts Adverse-Interest Conflict Adverse-interest conflicts Exist where the matter in which the former government lawyer represents a client in private practice is substantially related to the matter that the lawyer dealt with while employed by the government and the interests of the government and the interests of the current and former are adverse Congruent-Interest Representation Conflicts Congruent-interest representation conflicts are unique to government lawyers and apply primarily to former government lawyers. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA)

Note: The restriction provided under the rule covers engagement or employment which means that he cannot accept any work or employment from anyone that will involve or relate to the matter in which he intervened as a public official, except on Page 9 of 10

behalf of the body or authority which he served during his public employment. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA) THE LAWYER AND THE LEGAL PROFESSION Canon 7: The Integrated Bar It is an official national body composed of all persons whose names now appear or may hereafter be included in the Roll of Attorneys of the Supreme Court. (Sec. 1, Rule 139-A, RRC) Note: IBP is a national organization of lawyers created on 16 January 1973 under Rule 139-A, Rules of Court, and constituted on 4 May 1973 into a body corporate by Presidential Decree No. 181. Integration of the Bar o The Integration of the Philippine Bar means the official unification of the entire lawyer population, and this requires membership and financial support of every attorney as condition sine qua non to the practice of law and the retention of his name in the Roll of Attorneys of the Supreme Court (Pineda,1999). Note: Integration of the bar is essentially a process by which every member of the bar is afforded an opportunity to do his share in carrying out the objectives of the bar as well as obliged to bear his portion of its responsibilities. (CPR Annotated, PhilJA) The fundamental purposes of the IBP 1. To elevate the standards of the legal profession; 2. Improve the administration of justice; and 3. Enable the Bar to discharge its public responsibility more effectively. (Sec. 2, Rule 139-A, RRC) Note: The Philippines is divided into 9 Regions of the Integrated Bar. (Sec.3, Rule 139-A, RRC) Note: A Chapter of the Integrated Bar shall be organized in every province. (Sec. 4, Rule 139-A, RRC) Each Chapter shall have its own local government as provided for by uniform rules to be prescribed by the Board of Governors and approved by the Supreme Court. (Sec. 4, Rule 139-A, RRC) Note: The Integrated Bar shall have a House of Delegates of not more than one hundred twenty members who shall be apportioned among all the Chapters as nearly as may be according to the number of their respective members, but each Chapter shall have at least one Delegate. The term of the office of Delegate shall begin on the date of the opening of the annual convention of the House and shall end on the day immediately preceding the date of the opening of the next succeeding annual convention. No person may be a Delegate for more than two terms. (Sec. 5,Rule 139 -A, RRC) The Constitutionality of the Integration The practice of law is not a vested right but a privilege clothed with public interest. Hence, it is far and just that the exercise of that privilege be regulated to assure compliance with the lawyer's public responsibilities. Given existing Bar conditions, the most efficient means of doing so is by integrating the Bar through a rule of court that requires all lawyers to pay annual dues to the Integrated Bar. (In the Matter of the Integration of the Bar of the Philippines, 49 SCRA 22, Jan. 9, 1973)

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