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GGRRAAMMMMAARR ((TTAATTAA BBAAHHAASSAA))

M A A R R ( ( T T A A T T A A B

Grade 3. SSiimmppllee PPrreesseenntt PPeerrffeecctt TTeennssee ((BBeennttuukk KKaalliimmaatt SSeemmppuurrnnaa SSeelleessaaii SSeekkaarraanngg)

Simple Present Perfect Tense / Perfect Tense adalah suatu bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris yang menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang telah dikerjakan (pada masa lampau). Masa lampau bisa sekarang, baru saja, tadi, kemarin, minggu lalu, bulan lalu, tahun lalu, dan sebagainya. Waktu yang demikian itu harus menggunakan bentuk present perfect. Biasanya kalimat

present perfect ditandai misalnya dengan kata: since 1995, three times, two times, dan lain sebagainya. Ciri-ciri keterangannya antara lain menggunakan:

once (sekali)

twice (dua kali)

three times (tiga kali)

several times (beberapa kali)

this month (bulan ini)

this week (minggu ini)

this year (tahun ini)

already (sudah)

not yet (belum pernah)

as yet (sampai sekarang)

at last (akhirnya)

lately (akhir-akhir ini)

recently (baru-baru ini)

since (semenjak; sejak)

since 1970 (sejak tahun 1970)

for two year (selama dua

finally (akhirnya)

since yesterday (sejak

kemarin)

for an hour (selama satu jam)

four on hour (selama empat

jam)

for a week (selama seminggu)

for a month (selama sebulan)

for year (selama setahun)

never (tak pernah; tidak

pernah)

ever (pernah)

just (baru saja)

tahun)

many times (berkali-kali)

just (baru saja)

so far (sejauh ini)

up to the present times (hingga

kini)

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Rumus:

A. BENTUK NOMINAL

() Positive sentence:

Subject (S) HAS / HAVE BEEN

() Negative sentence:

Subject (S) HAS / HAVE NOT BEEN

(?) Interrogative sentence:

HAS / HAVE Subject (S) BEEN ?

Keterangan:

SSuubbjjeecctt ((SS))

TToo bbee

He

She

It

the Boy

the Girl

HHaass

I

You

They

We

HHaavvee

Contoh:

1. I have been to China before. Saya sudah pernah ke Cina sebelumnya. I have not been to China before. Saya belum pernah ke Cina sebelumnya. Have I been to China before?

(+)

()

(?)

Yes, you have. No, you have not.

2. She has been shot by me just now.

(+)

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Dia sudah tertembak olehku tadi.

()

She has not (hasnt) been shot by me just now. Dia belum tertembak olehku tadi.

(?)

Has she been shot by me just now?

Yes, she has. No, she has not. (hasnt).

B. BENTUK VERBAL

() Positive sentence:

Subject (S) HAS / HAVE V III

() Negative sentence:

Subject (S) HAS / HAVE NOT Verb III

(?) Interrogative sentence:

HAS / HAVE Subject (S) Verb III ?

Keterangan:

SSuubbjjeecctt ((SS))

TToo BBee

He

She

It

the Boy

the Girl

HHaass

I

You

They

We

HHaavvee

Contoh:

(+)

1. I have eaten. Saya sudah makan. I have not eaten. Saya belum makan. Have I eaten?

()

(?)

Yes, you have. No, you have not.

(+)

2. We have sung Indonesia Raya together.

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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()

Kami telah menyanyikan lagu Indonesia Raya bersama-sama. We have not sung Indonesia Raya together. Kami belum menyanyikan lagu Indonesia Raya bersama-sama.

(?)

Have we sung Indonesia Raya together?

Yes, we have. No, we have not.

3.

(+)

He has killed the snake in the forest. Dia sudah membunuh ular itu di hutan.

()

He has not (hasnt) killed the snake in the forest. Dia belum membunuh ular itu di hutan.

(?)

Has he killed the snake in the forest?

Yes, he has No, has not. (hasnt).

PPeenngggguunnaaaann PPrreesseenntt PPeeffeecctt TTeennssee::

1. Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada waktu lampau/lalu dan masih berhubungan dengan waktu sekarang. Contoh: Mr. Rahman has been here since morning. Tuan Rahman sudah berada di sini sejak pagi.

I have visited my friend. Saya telah berkunjung ke teman saya.

2. Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu perbuatan ulangan pada waktu yang tidak tertentu. Dalam hal ini sering memakai kata ever, never, before, already, dan yet. Contoh: We have eaten our breakfast already? Kami sudah selesai memakan sarapan pagi kami.

3. Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu peristiwa yang telah terjadi.

Contoh:

She has met your friend. Dia telah berjumpa temanmu.

4. Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang selesai dalam waktu singkat. Dalam hal ini sering dipakai kata-kata seperti:

at last, finnaly, just recently.

Contoh:

She has just spoken to me. Dia baru saja denganku.

The cats has just caught the bird. Kucing itu baru saja menangkap burung.

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Reading ( Membaca ) Read the text loudly then answer the question! ( Bacalah teks

Reading (Membaca)

Read the text loudly then answer the question! (Bacalah teks dengan keras kemudian jawablah pertanyaannya!)

HHEENNRRYY

“ Henry!”, Anne called. “ Yes, dear?”, Henry said. “I′m going up to bed now. Don′t forget to do your little jobs., Anne said. “No, dear.”, Henry answered. Henry turned off the television and went into the kitchen. He feed the cat. Washed up several dished, dried them and put them away. Then he put the cat out, locked all the doors and turned out the all the lights. When he go the bedroom, his wife sitting up in bed while reading a book and eating chocolates. “Well dear, have you done your little jobs?” “Yes, I thinks so, my love.” “Have you feed the cat?” “Yes, I have, dear.” “Have you put him out?” “Yes, dear.” “Have you washed up the dishes?” “Yes, my love.” “Have you put them away?” “Yes, I have, dear.” “Have you tidied the kitchen?” “Yes, dear.” “Have you turned off all the lights?” “Yes, of course I have.” “Have you locked the front doors?” “Yes, I have.”

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Then you can come to bed.” “Thank you, dear.” After a little while, they heard a gate banging that make down stairs. “Henry!”, His wife said. “Yes, dear”, Henry answered. “I′m afraid you’ve forgotten to shut the garden gate.” ”

“Oh

my God, I’m sorry

HHEENNRRYY

[“ Henry!”, Anne memanggil. “ Ya, Sayang?”, kata Henry. Saya akan pergi tidur sekarang. Jangan lupa untuk melakukan pekerjaan- pekerjaan kecilmu.”, kata Anne. Tidak, Sayang.”, Henry menjawab. Henry mematikan televisi dan pergi ke dapur. Dia memberi makan kucing. Beberapa piring dicuci, piring-pring tersebut dikeringkan dan disimpan. kemudian ia meletakkan kucing itu keluar, mengunci semua pintu dan mematikan semua lampu. Ketika ia pergi ke kamar tidur, istrinya duduk di tempat tidur sambil membaca buku dan makan cokelat. Baiklah Sayang, apakah kamu telah melakukan pekerjaan kecilmu?” “Ya, Saya kira begitu, cintaku.” “Apakah kamu sudah memberi makan kucing?” “Ya, Saya sudah, Sayang.” “Apakah kamu menempatkannya di luar?” “Ya, Sayang.” “Apakah kamu sudah mencuci piring?” “Ya, Cintaku.” “Apakah kamu sudah menyimpannya?” “Ya, Saya Sudah, Sayang.” “Apakah kamu sudah merapikan dapur?” “Ya, Sayang.” “Apakah kamu sudah mematikan semua lampu?” “Ya, tentu saja Saya sudah.”

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Apakah kamu sudah mengunci pintu depan?”

“Ya, Saya sudah.”

Kemudian kamu dapat pergi ke tempat tidur.

“Terima kasih, Sayang.”

Setelah beberapa saat mereka mendengar benturan pintu gerbang yang

membuat tangga-tangga terjatuh.

“Henry!”, kata Istrinya.

“Ya, Sayang”, Henry menjawab.

Saya takut kamu lupa menutup gerbang taman.

“Oh

Tuhanku, Saya minta maaf

]

Answer these questions based on the discourse on! (JJaawwaabbllaahh ppeerrttaannyyaaaann--ppeerrttaannyyaaaann bbeerriikkuutt bbeerrddaassaarrkkaann wwaaccaannaa ddii aattaass!!)

1. Where did Henry′s wife say she was going? Ke manakah Dia akan pergi setelah istri Henry berkata?

Answer:

2. Where did Henry go after he turned off the television? Ke mana Henry pergi setelah dia mematikan televisi?

Answer:

3. What did he do to the cat? Apa yang Dia lakukan terhadap kucingnya?

Answer:

4. What did he do to the doors? Apa yang Dia lakukan terhadap pintu-pintu?

Answer:

5. Did he turned off the lights? Apakah Dia mematikan lampunya?

Answer:

6. What was his wife doing? Apa yang istrinya lakukan?

Answer:

7. Where was his wife when he got to the bedroom?

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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Di mana istrinya ketika Dia pergi ke kamar tidur?

Answer:

8. What did they hear after a little while? Apa yang mereka dengar setelah beberapa saat?

Answer:

9. Did Henry shut the garden gote? Apakah Henry menutup gerbang taman? Answer:

10. What did he say to his wife then? Kemudian, apakah yang Dia katakan kepada istrinya?

Answer:

Translate the sentences below into Indonesian!

(TTeerrjjeemmaahhkkaannllaahh

IInnddoonneessiiaa!!))

kkaalliimmaatt--kkaalliimmaatt

ddii

bbaawwaahh

iinnii

kkee

ddaallaamm

bbaahhaassaa

1. I have known him since we were in Junior High School.

2. She hasnt had house.

3. They have played football for one hours.

4. Has your father worked a long time in the business?

5. That teacher has teached for five years.

6. That girl hasn′t done homework.

7. Has that doctor stayed in have since I went?

8. Bosnia and Sarajevo have wared for year after year.

9. Mr. Bernard hasn′t married.

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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10.

He has waited you since this morning.

11. The thief has been in jail since he stole the money from the Bank last year.

12. My friends have not arrived in my birthday party.

13. Miss Inne has been an air stewardess since she graduated from SMA.

14. She has looked for her purse since this morning, but hasn′t founded.

15. How long you studied English? Sudah berapa lama Kamu belajar Bahasa Inggris? I have studied English since last June.

A :

B :

CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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GGRRAAMMMMAARR ((TTAATTAA BBAAHHAASSAA))

M A A R R ( ( T T A A T T A A B

Grade 3. SSiimmppllee PPrreesseenntt PPeerrffeecctt TTeennssee ((BBeennttuukk KKaalliimmaatt SSeemmppuurrnnaa SSeelleessaaii SSeekkaarraanngg)

Simple Present Perfect Tense / Perfect Tense adalah suatu bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris yang menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang telah dikerjakan (pada masa lampau). Masa lampau bisa sekarang, baru saja, tadi, kemarin, minggu lalu, bulan lalu, tahun lalu, dan sebagainya. Waktu yang demikian itu harus menggunakan bentuk present perfect. Biasanya kalimat present perfect ditandai misalnya dengan kata: since 1995, three times, two times, dan lain sebagainya.

KKUUNNCCII JJAAWWAABBAANN HHAALLAAMMAANN 66 Answer these questions based on the discourse on! (JJaawwaabbllaahh ppeerrttaannyyaaaann--ppeerrttaannyyaaaann bbeerriikkuutt bbeerrddaassaarrkkaann wwaaccaannaa ddii aattaass!!)

1. Where did Henry′s wife say she was going? Ke manakah Dia akan pergi setelah istri Henry berkata?

Answer: SShhee wwaass ggooiinngg uupp ttoo bbeedd nnooww [Dia ingin pergi tidur sekarang.]

2. Where did Henry go after he turned off the television? Ke mana Henry pergi setelah dia mematikan televisi?

Answer: HHee wweenntt

iinnttoo tthhee kkiittcchheenn

[Ia pergi ke dapur.]

3. What did he do to the cat? Apa yang Dia lakukan terhadap kucingnya?

Answer: HHee ffeeeedd tthhee ccaatt aanndd tthheenn hhee ppuutt tthhee ccaatt oouutt [Dia memberi makan kucing dan kemudian menaruh kucing itu di luar.]

4. What did he do to the doors? Apa yang Dia lakukan terhadap pintu-pintu?

Answer: HHee lloocckkeedd aallll tthhee ddoooorr [Dia mengunci semua pintu.]

5. Did he turned off the lights? Apakah Dia mematikan lampunya?

Answer: YYeess,, hhee ddiidd (YYeess,, hhee ddiidd ttuurrnneedd ooffff tthhee lliigghhttss )

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6.

What was his wife doing? Apa yang istrinya lakukan?

Answer: HHiiss wwiiffee rreeaaddiinngg aa bbooookk aanndd eeaattiinngg cchhooccoollaatteess

7. Where was his wife when he got to the bedroom? Di mana istrinya ketika Dia pergi ke kamar tidur?

Answer: HHiiss wwiiffee ssiittttiinngg uupp iinn bbeedd [Istrinya duduk di tempat tidur.]

8. What did they hear after a little while? Apa yang mereka dengar setelah beberapa saat?

Answer: TThheeyy hheeaarrdd aa ggaattee bbaannggiinngg tthhaatt mmaakkee ddoowwnn ssttaaiirrss

9. Did Henry shut the garden gote? Apakah Henry menutup gerbang taman? Answer: NNoo,, hhee ddiiddnntt (NNoo,, hhee ddiiddnntt sshhuutt tthhee ggaarrddeenn )

10. What did he say to his wife then? Kemudian, apakah yang Dia katakan kepada istrinya?

Answer: HHee ssaaiidd,, OOhh

mmyy GGoodd,, IImm ssoorrrryy

KKUUNNCCII JJAAWWAABBAANN HHAALLAAMMAANN 77

Translate the sentences below into Indonesian! (Terjemahkanlah kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini ke dalam bahasa Indonesia!)

1. I have known him since we were in Junior High School.

[SSaayyaa ssuuddaahh mmeennggeennaallnnyyaa sseejjaakk dduudduukk ddii bbaannggkkuu SSeekkoollaahh MMeenneennggaahh

PPeerrttaammaa ]

2. She hasn′t had house.

[DDiiaa bbeelluumm mmeemmiilliikkii rruummaahh

]

3. They have played football for one hours.

[MMeerreekkaa tteellaahh bbeerrmmaaiinn sseeppaakk bboollaa sseellaammaa ssaattuu jjaamm

]

4. Has your father worked a long time in the business?

[AAppaakkaahh aayyaahhmmuu ssuuddaahh llaammaa bbeekkeerrjjaa ddii ppeerruussaahhaaaann iittuu??]

5. That teacher has teached for five years.

[GGuurruu iittuu ssuuddaahh mmeennggaajjaarr sseellaammaa lliimmaa ttaahhuunn

]

KKEEYY CCOONNTTEEXXTTUUAALL LLEEAARRNNIINNGG EENNGGLLIISSHH,, GGrraammmmaarr,, GGRRAADDEE 33

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6.

That girl hasn′t done homework.

[PPeerreemmppuuaann iittuu bbeelluumm mmeennggeerrjjaakkaann PPeekkeerrjjaaaann RRuummaahh

]

7. Has that doctor stayed in have since I went?

[AAppaakkaahh ddookktteerr iittuu ssuuddaahh bbeerraaddaa ddii ssiinnii sseejjaakk ssaayyaa ppeerrggii??]

8. Bosnia and Sarajevo have wared for year after year.

[BBoossnniiaa ddaann SSaarraajjeevvoo tteellaahh bbeerrppeerraanngg sseellaammaa bbeerrttaahhuunn--ttaahhuunn

9. Mr. Bernard hasn′t married.

[TTuuaann BBeerrnnaarrdd bbeelluumm mmeenniikkaahh

]

10. He has waited you since this morning.

]

[DDiiaa ssuuddaahh mmeennuunngggguu sseejjaakk ttaaddii ppaaggii

]

11. The thief has been in jail since he stole the money from the Bank last year.

[PPeennccuurrii iittuu ssuuddaahh ddiippeennjjaarraa