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Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan Interview Oleh David Sigalingging Dalam interview kita dihadapkan dengan berbagai pertanyaan.

Adapun tujuan interview adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan, keterampilan teknis dari pelamar. Selain itu ada hal yang paling utama yang dinilai oleh staff HRD dari pelamar, yakni kemampuan management diri, emosi, waktu dan pekerjaan. Karena dalam bekerja tidak cukup hanya menggunakan keterampilan teknis saja, melainkan diikuti oleh manejemen diri dan kerja. Ada dua kelompok pertanyaan yang sebaiknya ditanyakankepada pelamar, kelompok pertama adalah profil tentang anda, kelompok yang kedua adalah kompetensi anda. Kebanyakan kandidat hanya mampu pada kelompok pertama saja. Kalaupun penginterview masih melanjutkan interview, itu hanya menghargai kehadiran anda saja. Kita ambil satu pertanyaa pada kelompok profil anda, What have you accomplished in the past that makes you particularly qualified for this position? (Pengalaman apa yang sudah anda selesaikan dimasa lalu yang membuat anda masuk kualifikasi untuk posisi ini?). Jika anda tidak memiliki pengalaman yang relevan dengan posisi yang dilamar, staff HRD sudah mendis-kualifikasi anda. Pengalaman yang dimaksud tidak harus terletak pada pengerjaan posisi yang sama, dengan kata lain anda harus pernah bekerja sesuai posisi lowongan. Pengalaman itu bias saja kegiatan dikampus, kemudian anda hubungkan dan sesuaikan dengan persyaratan saat membaca lowongan kerja. Contah lain melamar pekerjaan adalah hal yang mudah untuk seseorang yang sudah menguasai sesi interview. Penting untuk diingat dalam percakapan interview adalah contohcontoh perbuatanyang sesuai dengan fitur-fitur yang anda miliki yang membedakan anda dengan orang lain. Sebuah contoh, jika sesorang memberikan pilihan kepada anda antara memilih handphone android dengan hanphone Java. Handphone mana yang anda pilih? Kenapa anda memilih handphone tersebut? Demikian halnya saat sesi interview, anda harus memberitahu penginterview fiturfitur apa yang anda miliki. Ingat! penginterview tidak tahu sedikitpun tentang diri anda, Hal yang paling perlu anda perhatikan dalam interview Pria itu hanya adalah menceritakan fitur-fitur yang anda miliki. Penulis mengatakan siapakah mengumpamakan nilai tambah (add value) sebagai fituraku? Seharusnya adalah fitur. Untuk menceritakan nilai tambah yang anda miliki anda dapat mengikuti point berikut dan membuatnya hal apa saja yang pernah menjadi content percakapan dalam interview, antara ia lakukan kepada lain: wanita. 1. Menjual diri anda 2. Percaya diri 3. Tidak arogan dan 4. Memberikan sebuah contoh yang relevant 5. Motivated

Pertanyaan pembuka dalam interview adalah Tell me about yourself? atau Your qualifications look impressive but what sales experience can you bring to our company? Interview : I worked in a shop once. Sungguh jawaban yang tidak berkelas, itulah masalah yang paling sering terjadi saat interview. Pelamar tidak tahu cara memberitahu dirinya. Jangan menceritakan cover (sampul) yang anda miliki, tetapi ceritakalah tentang isi anda. Contoh jawaban yang baik untuk pertanyaan tersebut adalah well a good example that comes to mind is when I was involved with a campaign to promote and sell a new range of clothes I loved doing it and it was. I was the treasurer of the debating society at university. That was OK I suppose. Untuk contoh seorang engineer, Well a good example that comes to minds is when I was involve with a class research. I was the minutest of the meeting. I'm particularly proud of how I organised the data collection plan. So that I had the good research timeline. The result is I finished my study on time, even earlier. Berdasarkan informasi yang diberikan pelamar diatas, perusahaan dapat mengambil beberapa fitur anda antara lain: 1. Good planner (perencana yang bagus) 2. Organized people (Pribadi teratur) 3. Punctuality (tepat waktu) Itulah fitur yang anda miliki. Sungguh strategi yang jitu bukan? Kita tidak perlu mengatakan saya seorang perencana yang baik, saya orang yang tepat waktu, atau bla bla bla. Cukup kita berikan contoh-contoh yang pernah anda lakukan dari semua fitur-fitur yang anda miliki. Orang sering sibuk mengatakan siapa dirinya. Sebagai contoh, seorang wanita bertanya kepada seorang pria Ceritakan padaku tentang dirimu? kemudian pria itu memberi jawaban, Aku adalah setia, aku adalah pahlawan, akau adalah kekasih yang baik, aku adalah pria impian pria itu hanya mengatakan siapakah aku? Seharusnya adalah hal apa saja yang pernah ia lakukan kepada wanita. Bagaimana, anda masih takut menghadapi interview? Tentu sekarang tidak tikut lagi. Karena strategi terjitu dalam percakapan interview sudah anda miliki. Selamat menikmati pekerjaan yang anda dapatkan. Berikut ini adalah pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang sering muncul dalam sesi interview. Berdasarkan jawaban yang diberikan oleh pelamar, staff HRD memilih pelamar yang paling tepat kualifikasinya dan pengalamannya untuk posisi lowong. Get-To-Know-You Questions What have you accomplished in the past that makes you particularly qualified for this position? What motivated you to be interested in this position? How would your last supervisor describe you? What aspects of your last job did you really like? What are some job responsibilities you do not like? How do you know when you have done a good job? What is your overall philosophy when managing or supervising others? How would you describe your basic leadership style? Answer

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9 What is your long-term career objective? 10 What areas do you need to further develop in order to meet your career goals? NO 1 2 3 4 5 Competency Questions General What do you find difficult in your current job? What tasks or activities do you find interesting? What do you spend most of your time doing? What excites you about this new role? What worries you about it? Answer

NO Communication 1 Discuss a time when you had to assert yourself or speak up in order to get a point across that was important to you 2 Have you had to sell an idea to your coworkers, classmates or group? How did you do it? Did they buy it? 3 How do you ensure that someone understands what you are saying? Tell me about a time when you had to use these skills in the workplace 4 Describe a situation where you missed important details that were communicated to you. What was the outcome? How did you resolve the situation? 5 Describe an example of when you jumped into a task or project before you fully understood the entire concept 6 Give me an example of a time when you were unclear about the directions given to you for a work assignment. What did you do to clarify the directions? What was the outcome? 7 Tell me about a time when you had to make a presentation to a large group 8 Tell me about a time when you were required to give a presentation and it did not go as planned. What happened? What contributed to the problem? What would you do differently? 9 Describe the last written communication you had with your boss 10 Tell me about a time in which you chose to write your message versus talking to the person directly and that decision turned out to be a mistake. How did you know it was a mistake? What did you do to resolve the situation? What

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did you learn as a result? NO Interpersonal Skills 1 Tell me about your relationship with a coworker with whom you work well 2 Describe the most difficult working relationship you've had with an individual. What specific actions did you take to improve the relationship? What was the outcome? 3 Think about a difficult boss, professor or other person. What made him or her difficult? How did you successfully interact with this person? 4 Tell me about a time when you were able to establish rapport with a difficult person. How did you go about it? What were the results? 5 Describe a situation in which you developed an effective win/win relationship with a stakeholder or client. How did you go about building the relationship? 6 Describe a time that politics at work affected your job. How did you handle it? NO Motivation 1 Give me an example of a significant professional goal you met. How did you achieve it? What were the obstacles? How did you overcome them? 2 Tell me about a performance standard that you have set for yourself. How are you working towards meeting that standard? 3 Describe a situation in which you persevered with an idea or a plan even when others disagreed with you 4 All jobs have their frustrations and problems. Describe examples of specific job conditions, tasks or assignments that have been dissatisfying to you 5 How have you motivated yourself to complete an assignment or task that you did not want to do? NO Initiative 1 Give me an example of when you were given a project and did more than was required in order to exceed someones expectation 2 Tell me about a project you initiated. What did Answer

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you do? Why? What was the outcome? Were you happy with the result? Describe for me two improvements you have made in your job in the past six months Tell me about a suggestion you made to improve the way job processes/operations worked. What was the result? Tell me about a situation where you attempted to improve something and you were met with resistance. How did you handle the situation? Describe a situation in which you recognized a potential problem as an opportunity. What did you do? What was the result? What do you wish you had done differently? Answer

No Stress Management 1 Describe a time when you were faced with problems or stresses that tested your coping skills 2 Describe a project or goal that caused you frustration 3 Describe a situation in which you were under pressure and you feel you handled it well 4 How do you know when you are under stress? 5 Whom do you go to for support when you are stressed or under pressure at work? Why and how is this person instrumental in alleviating your stress? 6 Describe a situation in which you had to exercise a significant amount of self-control 7 Describe a time when stress from your personal life threatened to interfere with your work. What did you do? No Problem Solving/Analytical Skills 1 Describe a difficult problem that you tried to solve. How did you identify the problem? How did you go about trying to solve it? 2 Describe a major project that you worked on where things did not go exactly as planned 3 Tell me about a time when you had to identify the underlying causes of a problem 4 Describe an instance when you had to think on your feet to extricate yourself from a difficult situation 5 Describe a time when you anticipated potential

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problems and developed preventative measures Tell me about a time when your manager was unavailable and you had to solve an immediate problem. What did you do and what was the outcome? Give me an example in which you failed to come up with a solution to a problem. What caused the failure? What would you do differently next time? Tell me about a time when you used your factfinding skills to solve a problem What steps do you follow to study a problem in order to fully understand the situation?

No Decision Making 1 Tell me about a difficult decision you had to make. What information led you to make the decision that you made? What other possible solutions were there? What was the final outcome? 2 Give me a specific example of a time when you used good judgment and logic to make a decision 3 Recall for me a time when you had to choose between several alternatives. How did you evaluate each alternative? 4 Tell me about a time when you made a decision and then felt you had to defend your decision to co-workers or staff 5 Describe a situation in which a prompt and accurate decision on your part was critical. What did you consider in reaching your decision? 6 Tell me about a time when you had to make a decision without all the information you needed. How did you handle it? Why? Were you happy with the outcome? 7 Tell me about a situation where you made a poor decision and had to live with the consequences 8 Tell me about a decision you made in the past that later proved to be wrong. Why was it wrong? What would you do differently now, if anything, in making that decision? No Teamwork

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Tell me about a time when you had to rely on a team to get things done Think of a time when you worked effectively in a team situation. Describe how you felt about the contributions of the others on the team Give me an example of one of the most significant contributions you made as a member of a high performing team. What, in your opinion, made it a high performing team? Tell me about one of the toughest teams/groups youve had to work with. What made it difficult? What did you do? Describe a team experience you found disappointing. What should you have done to improve the outcome? Tell me about a time when you were on a team, and one of the members wasnt carrying his or her weight. What did you do to try to prevent this? Gaining the cooperation of others can be difficult. Give a specific example of when you had to do that, and what challenges you faced. What was the outcome? What was the longterm impact on your ability to work with this person? Tell me about a team for which you were the leader. How did you promote the effectiveness of your team? What were the results?

No Time Management/Organization 1 Walk me through last week. Tell me how you planned the week's activities and how the schedule worked out? 2 Tell me about a project that you planned. How did you organize and schedule the tasks? How did you develop your action plan? 3 We often have multiple tasks to accomplish in a day. Tell me about a time when you had to handle many competing priorities. How did you plan your time? What were the results? 4 We all have had times when we just couldnt get everything done on time. Tell me about a time when this happened to you 5 Tell me about a time when you were given a deadline by someone of higher authority that could not possibly be met. How did you handle

it? Describe a time when you missed a deadline. What was the result and what did you learn from the experience? Tell me about a time when you rushed to complete a project and sacrificed quality for efficiency Describe a time when you had to make a difficult choice between your personal and professional life

No Impact 1 What would you expect to achieve in the first three months in the role?