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Teknik Pengajaran Speaking/ Conversation

June 7, 2010

Teknik Pengajaran Speaking/ Conversation Teknik Cepat Pengajaran Berbicara Bahasa Inggris (Speaking) /Conversation MUDAH dan DIJAMIN dalam 4 Bulan Oleh: Herri Mulyono Untuk berbicara mudah berbahasa Inggris, tidak ada yang instan.. semua ada proses nya. Beberapa waktu lalu saya diundang untuk memberikan presentasi tentang teknik pengajaran conversation di Indramayu. Hampir semua pesertanya adalah lulusan pare yang terkenal itu. Ketika saya berdialog bagamana cara belajar di kampung pare, saya sedikit tersenyum kenapa harus jauh-jauh ke Pare jika anda bisa membuatnya di sekolah anda? saya katakan kepada peserta pelatihan. Ikuti pelatihan saya, maka anda akan melihat siswa-siswi anda berbicara bahasa Inggris dengan baik dalam waktu yang tidak lama. Benar saja, setelah pelatihan, hampir semua peserta terkejut.. dengan fakta bahwa yang mereka terima selama nyantren di pare hanya merupakan dasar teknik penguasaan, bagian terkecil dari materi pelatihan yang saya berikan. Akhirnya, mereka pun sharing banyak hal tentang pengajaran speaking khususnya yang berkaitan dengan conversation. Pengalaman saya selanjutnya adalah ketika saya diminta menjadi fasilitator (instruktur) pengajaran e-learning kerja sama Dinas Pendidikan dengan Sebuah lembaga terkenal di US. Dalam promosinya, mereka menjelaskan bagian terpenting yang memperlihatkan bagaimana program e-learning tersebut dapat menghasilkan siswa-siswi berbicara dalam bahasa Inggris atau dalam istilah mereka adalah automaticity (dapat berbicara secara otomatis setelah belajar) mmm. cukup mengesankan. Rasa ingin tahu saya mengarahkan kepada teori dibalik pembelajaran e-learning tersebut. Tak ayal saya pun sedikit tersipu-sipu, karena teori yang digunakan adalah sama dengan teori yang saya berikan dalam pelatihan, Singkatnya, teknik pengajaran conversation yang saya berikan dibagi menjadi 3 tingkatan, pertama apa yang saya sebut dengan guided speaking, responsive speaking dan productive speaking. Teknik pertama guided speaking adalah dengan penekanan kepada pronunciation and limited speaking dengan clue-clue atau track yang telah direncanakan terlebih dahulu. Teknik kedua yaitu responsive speaking. ingat, kemampuan berbicara dapat distimulasi dari bacaan (berbahasa Inggris), dan bacaan sangat kaya dengan vocabualary dan struktur bahasa. Dalam teknik kedua ini, kemapuan berbicara siswa muncul dengan stimulasi bacaan ini. Teknik ketiga yaitu productive speaking. Berbicara dengan wacana yang luas dalam teknik ini merupakan tujuan

utamanya, tapi, hanya dapat diperoleh apabila siswa telah menguasai kemampua speaking dari teknik pertama dan kedua telah dipamahami dan dikuasai dengan baik. Ketiga teknik pengajaran tersebut sangat sesuai dengan kondisi kelas kecil ataupun kelas besar, sehingga tidak ada alasan untuk tidak mengajarkan speaking untuk jumlah siswa dengan jumlah 40 dalam sebuah ruang kelas. Ketiga teknik tersebut merupakan hasil penelitian dan observasi yang saya lakukan semenjak tahun 2002, dan saya kembangkan ketika saya mulai mendalami teknik pengajaran speaking ketika mengajarkan mata kuliah TEFL di sebuah universitas di Jakarta. Hasil nya cukup memuaskan, dan rasa puas melihat siswa kita cas cis cus dalam bahasa Inggris. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut tentang pelatihan ini silahkan hubungi saya: Herri Mulyono, hp: 085780811576 email: hyn02@yahoo.com fb: myenglish uhamka website: www.aktifinggris.com, blog www.myenglish01.wordpress.com Posted in Free Article, Genre for Teaching and Learning, Speaking, Teaching Approach and Methodology | 21 Comments

Strategi Menguasai Speaking


February 12, 2010

How to Win Speaking Skill


Jika anda tidak tinggal dekat lingkungan yang berbicara bahasa Inggris seperti lingkungan turis di Pantai Kuta, dll. maka ketrampilan bicara (speaking skill) adalah ketrampilan yang paling mudah diperoleh dibandingkan skill lainnya seperti Listening, Reading dan Writing skill. Tentu saja pembentukan speaking skill tidak berdiri sendiri, sebagaimana yang saya tuliskan sebelumnya, anda tetap membutuhkan penguasaan kotasakata passive (passive vocabulary) yang berlimpah, itulah sebabnya mengapa reading skill benar-benar penting dan wajib disertakan dalam pembentukan skill apapun termasuk kemampuan conversation ini. VII.a Macam-macam Conversation Dalam kegiatan belajar mengajar bahasa Inggris, ada 3 (tiga) jenis conversation atau speaking yaitu structural conversation, functional conversation dan situational conversation. Silahkan anda amati contoh-contoh conversation berikut 1. Structural conversation

Adalah pelajaran conversation yang ditujukan untuk membuat siswa mampu menggunakan kalimat-kalimat dalam bahasa Inggris menurut tingkat kesulitan struktur kalimat tersebut. Dari sederhana hingga struktur yang lebih kompleks, amati dialog antara John dan Mary disebuah restauran John : may I borrow your pen? Mary : yes, you may John : by the way, will you come to my house this afternoon? Mary : yes, I will John : waiter, give me 2 cups of coffee please 2. Functional Conversation Adalah pelajaran conversation yang ditujukan untuk membuat siswa mampu menggunakan fungsi-fungsi komunikasi dengan benar, amati sbb. Baca Selengkapnya>> Posted in Academic Corner, Free Article, Speaking, Teaching Approach and Methodology | Tagged strategi belajar, strategi belajar bahasa inggris, strategi speaking skill | 2 Comments

Belajar Bahasa Inggris dengan Mudah


January 6, 2010

Rahasia SUKSES
Belajar Bahasa Inggris dengan Mudah
Tanpa Melalui GRAMMAR yang Membosankan !!
Disinilah Akhir Petualangan Anda !! Ebook ini merupakan titik balik yang secara revolusioner akan mengubah sejarah perja

lanan hidup anda tentunya dalam bahasa Inggris Bukan saja Anda akan mendapatkan materi yang tidak pernah Anda dapatkan di kursus manapun tetapi kemajuan yang sangat pesat yang tidak pernah Anda bayangkan Belajar bahasa Inggris menjadi mudah bila menggunakan cara belajar bahasa Inggris yang benar. Karena Bahasa Inggris memang MUDAH dan MENYENANGKAN. Buktikan !

Mr. Teguh Handoko

<<Download ebook belajar bahasa Inggris dengan mudah Klik Disini>>


http://aktifinggris.com/form/ Posted in Ads, Book and Publication, Celoteh, Free Article, Kursus Bahasa Inggris Online Bersertifikat, Listening, Reading, Speaking, Writing | Tagged belajar bahasa inggris, belajar bahasa inggris mudah, belajar bahasa inggris online, belajar inggris, e-book belajar bahasa inggris, ebook bahasa inggris, ebook pembelajaran bahasa inggris, mudah belajar bahasa inggris, mudah belajar inggris | 5 Comments

What native speaker means


December 2, 2009

What native speaker means


By Herri Mulyono A morning Jakarta newspaper couple days ago reported that an American Taxi driver had been invited to be a native English teacher in a well established English course. It might be funny thing or even weird that people nowadays have been misled by words of Native Speaker, that in some occasions, many English courses use this Native Speaker purposefully to raise their status, credibility, and of course promote their institution rather to provide a good model of English. In this kind of situation, I prefer to call it as an abuse of what is meant by Native Speaker and in further discussion, I would raise this issue in perspective of English speaking model. All of us do believe that it is important to provide good model for our language learners particularly in relation with model of oral English and many of us propose native speakers of

English for such intention. Native speaker is limitedly used to recall a person who is born or a local inhabitant where English is used as daily mean of communication or as first language. However, we come across to two critical questions: Whom are we going to use as model? and, Do those Englishmen have good English? If you are convinced that all Englishmen have good English, why then Daniel Jones, father of English pronunciation, reported that Cockney fashion of English is difficult to understand for other Englishmen while other Scotsman or American considers it as bad. English now is international language that people who speak it come from many countries with different dialect, accent, and social background as well. When the use of English is seen from communication perspective, then, it emphasizes to the transference of ideas, thoughts or information, whether the receiver understands of what is being talked by the speaker or not. In this circumstance, if the speaker is able to send the information using English and that information is appropriately understood by the receiver, in that case there is no doubt that English spoken by the speaker is absolutely good and do otherwise. Daniel Jones introduces the term accepted pronunciation or some of us are informed by what is called as receptive pronunciation or RP. However, he refuses if then RP is thought to be absolute uniform of English due to number variations of English is widely spoken. In the discussion of good speech and bad speech, Jones points two things affecting on good speech: intelligible and pleasing. What is meant by intelligible is that if ones English is clearly understood by his communication partner, then his English is considered good. In addition, our dialect and accent in uttering English have also to be pleasing the listener, that the listener does not think it as an odd accent or later he may feel insulted. From these two points, I put the meaning of Native speaker will be rather than define it as a person who is born or a local inhabitant where English is used as daily mean of communication or as first language. When you use my argument on what native speaker likely is, you have to convince yourself that native speaker would be strongly possible for those whose English utterance is clearly intelligible and pleasing. Regarding to the above conditions, all English teachers from Sumatra, Java, Jakarta, Kalimantan and all places in Indonesia could be native speaker of English by then youre not so bothered in finding good model of English for your students. Even you could be so. When your students dont feel burdened to understand your spoken English and they are likely to love it, at that moment I will say you have put yourself as a good English model for your students and you have complete your job outstandingly. Wish you all to be Good Native English Speaker for your students For more discussion, please find my nick at Facebook: Myenglish Uhamka Posted in Free Article, Reading, Speaking, Teaching Approach and Methodology | Tagged english native, native, native english, native speaker | 2 Comments

Academic Speaking: Beyond the Language

October 16, 2008

Academic Speaking: Beyond the Language


By: Herri Mulyono Academic speaking in many aspects is mostly similar to public speaking where a speaker is supposed to communicate his ideas effectively and understandably. Speakers language competence for many situations is viewed as the most factor affecting to the success of delivering any information effectively that audience can receive and understand every point meaningfully. However, there are conditions where audience either cannot enjoy speakers talk or even feel disregard the information which is being delivered although the language is performed in appropriate manner. These conditions figure out that there are other elements beyond the language which also contribute to the effective and understandable academic speaking: eye contact and body language. These two elements not only make our public speaking effective and understandable but also make it even better. Eye contact It is obvious already that eyes are often used to communicate particular ideas or information which cannot be brought out by a verbal language. As non verbal language, eye contact is often devised to arise audiences emotional feeling on ideas which is being delivered. Even in some situations, speakers might use eye contact to build intimacy with their audience for the closerelation between speaker and the audience would be the profound alterative to maintain audiences attention and understanding. Having eye contact with audience does not only benefit the speaker in relation with their audiences attention and understanding but also advantage the speaker himself. It is because when eye contact has been well maintained, speaker could gradually grow his self esteem. Establishing eye contact might be the first task that speaker must cover up before delivering their speech to the audience. If the speaker succeed to engage his eye contact with the audiences, then delivering their speech to the audience could be much easier. The 3 second method could be carried out for the speaker to maintain eye contact with his audience. The 3 second method means that after arriving at the stage, speaker might directly comes into the eyes of the audience for abut 3 seconds at time. This first eye contact is intended to lead to the involvement of audience into the following speech. Body language Body language speaks about more than half of overall presentation. This means that neglecting the role of body language in a speech might leave more than half of success in delivering information to the audience for the body language is mostly used to add particular information, make emphasis to the messages to the audience, or even to draw attention to the audience so that they are alerted to presentation or speech. Body language in an academic speaking comprises gesture, stance, and facial expression.

Gestures need to arise from the content of talk and fit both the circumstance and speakers own personal style. Hands that most speaker uses as of effective gesture, do not belong to his hips or in his pockets, or held behind his back. Hands are used to help speaker emphasize particular important point, express emotion or release tension towards ideas that presentation might covey, that all actions are to arrive at the engagement between the speaker and the audience. In addition, movements of eyes, mouth and other facial expression have to be directed to make a connection between speaker and the audience. They are also to convey the speakers feeling for the subject, reveal the depth of his concern to the audience, and build any other emotional interaction in the triangle lane, the speaker-the presentation-and the audience. To sum, performing eye contact and body language might result on successful presentation or other speech for the eye contact and body language are able to establish audiences attention and connection towards the presentation. Instead, the two elements of eye contact and body language could be brought out separately while both are part of integration in a speech. This means that eye contact and body language have to come at the same moment in a presentation to make it effective, efficient, and successful.

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