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Tabel Hitungan Hidrograf Satuan

t (jam) QH QHLL U3(t) U5(t-1) U2(t-2) UH=U1(t)


0 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
1 11.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 2.0
2 27.0 22.0 12.0 10.0 0.0 4.0
3 47.0 42.0 18.0 20.0 4.0 6.0
4 56.5 51.5 13.5 30.0 8.0 4.5
5 48.5 43.5 9.0 22.5 12.0 3.0
6 33.5 28.5 4.5 15.0 9.0 1.5
7 18.5 13.5 0.0 7.5 6.0 0.0
8 8.0 3.0 0.0 3.0 0.0
9 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
63.0 105.0 42.0
Jumlah 260.0 210.0 21.0
210.0

Base Flow = 5 mm.


P1 efektif = 3 mm.
P2 efektif = 5 mm.
P3 efektif = 2 mm.
Tabel Hitungan Hidrograf Satuan
t (jam) QH QHLL U3(t) U5(t-1) U2(t-2) UH=U1(t)
0 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
1 11.0 6.0 6.0 0.0 2.0 5.0
2 27.0 22.0 12.0 10.0 0.0 4.0 5.0
3 47.0 42.0 18.0 20.0 4.0 6.0 5.0
4 56.5 51.5 13.5 30.0 8.0 4.5 5.0
5 48.5 43.5 9.0 22.5 12.0 3.0 5.0
6 33.5 28.5 4.5 15.0 9.0 1.5 5.0
7 18.5 13.5 0.0 7.5 6.0 0.0 5.0
8 8.0 3.0 0.0 3.0 5.0
9 5.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
63.0 105.0 42.0
Jumlah 260.0 210.0 21.0
210.0

Base Flow 5 mm.


P1 efektip 13 - 10 = 3 mm.
P2 efektip 15 - 10 = 5 mm.
P3 efektip 12 - 10 = 2 mm.
Index 10 mm.

QH - QBase Flow = QHLL


56,5 - 5 = 51,5
dan seterusnya.

Perhatikan perbandingan 3:5:2 dan yang diberi warna sama secara diagonal!
6:10:4 = 3:5:2
12:20:8 = 3:5:2
dan seterusnya.
U3 (t) = QHLL - ( U5(t-1) + U2(t-2) )
U3(5) = 43,5 - (22,5 + 12,0) = 9,0
dan seterusnya.

UH = U1(t) = U3(t)/P1 efektip


U1(6) = 4,5/3 = 1,5
dan seterusnya.
57.5
55.0
52.5
50.0
47.5
45.0
42.5
40.0
37.5
35.0 Column C
32.5 Column D
30.0 Column E
27.5 Column F
25.0 Column G
22.5 Column H
20.0 Column I
17.5
15.0
12.5
10.0
7.5
5.0
2.5
0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
lumn C
lumn D
lumn E
lumn F
lumn G
lumn H
lumn I
HIDROGRAF QHLL
60.0
55.0
50.0
45.0
40.0
Q (m3/detik)

35.0
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0
0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
t (jam)

Column C Column D Column I


7.5 8 8.5 9
HIDROGRAF U3(t)
18.0
17.0
16.0
15.0
14.0
13.0
12.0
Q (m3/detik)

11.0
10.0
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
t (jam)

Column E
HIDROGRAF U5(t-1)
30.0

27.5

25.0

22.5

20.0
Q (m3/detik)

17.5

15.0

12.5

10.0

7.5

5.0

2.5

0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
t (jam)

Column F
7.5 8 8.5 9
HIDROGRAF U2(t-2)
12.0
11.0
10.0
9.0
8.0
Q (m3/detik)

7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
t (jam)

Column G
8.5 9
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U1(t)
6.0

5.5

5.0

4.5

4.0
Q (m3/detik)

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9
t (jam)

Column H
7.5 8 8.5 9
Tabel Hitungan Hidrograf Banjir
t (jam) U1(t) U30(t) U60(t-1) U40 (t-2) U20(t-3) U10(t-4) QHLL 10.000 QBF Q10.000
0 0.0 0.0 - - - - 0.0 10.0 10.0
1 1.5 45.0 0.0 - - - 45.0 10.0 55.0
2 3.0 90.0 90.0 0.0 - - 180.0 10.0 190.0
3 4.5 135.0 180.0 60.0 0.0 - 375.0 10.0 385.0
4 6.0 180.0 270.0 120.0 30.0 0.0 600.0 10.0 610.0
5 5.0 150.0 360.0 180.0 60.0 15.0 765.0 10.0 775.0
6 4.0 120.0 300.0 240.0 90.0 30.0 780.0 10.0 790.0
7 3.0 90.0 240.0 200.0 120.0 45.0 695.0 10.0 705.0
8 2.0 60.0 180.0 160.0 100.0 60.0 560.0 10.0 570.0
9 1.0 30.0 120.0 120.0 80.0 50.0 400.0 10.0 410.0
10 0.0 0.0 60.0 80.0 60.0 40.0 240.0 10.0 250.0
11 0.0 40.0 40.0 30.0 110.0 10.0 120.0
12 0.0 20.0 20.0 40.0 10.0 50.0
13 0.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 20.0
14 0.0 0.0 10.0 10.0
900.0 1,800.0 1,200.0 600.0 300.0
Jumlah 30.0 4,800.0 150.0 4,950.0
4,800.0
17820000
17280000 540000 17820000
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U1(t)
6.0

5.5

5.0

4.5

4.0
Q (m3/detik)

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10
t (jam)

Column C
8.5 9 9.5 10
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U30(t)
180.0
170.0
160.0
150.0
140.0
130.0
120.0
Q (m3/detik)

110.0
100.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6 6.5 7 7.5 8 8.5 9 9.5 10
t (jam)

Column D
8.5 9 9.5 10
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U60(t-1)
375.0
350.0
325.0
300.0
275.0
250.0
Q (m3/detik)

225.0
200.0
175.0
150.0
125.0
100.0
75.0
50.0
25.0
0.0
Row 4 Row 5 Row 6 Row 7 Row 8 Row 9 Row 10 Row 11 Row 12 Row 13 Row 14
t (jam)

Column E
2 Row 13 Row 14
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U40(t-2)
240.0

220.0

200.0

180.0

160.0
Q (m3/detik)

140.0

120.0

100.0

80.0

60.0

40.0

20.0

0.0
Row 5 Row 6 Row 7 Row 8 Row 9 Row 10 Row 11 Row 12 Row 13 Row 14 Row 15
t (jam)

Column F
3 Row 14 Row 15
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U20(t-3)
120.0

110.0

100.0

90.0

80.0
Q (m3/detik)

70.0

60.0

50.0

40.0

30.0

20.0

10.0

0.0
Row 6 Row 7 Row 8 Row 9 Row 10 Row 11 Row 12 Row 13 Row 14 Row 15 Row 16
t (jam)

Column G
4 Row 15 Row 16
HIDROGRAF SATUAN (UH) = U10(t-4)
60.0

55.0

50.0

45.0

40.0
Q (m3/detik)

35.0

30.0

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0
Row 7 Row 8 Row 9 Row 10 Row 11 Row 12 Row 13 Row 14 Row 15 Row 16 Row 17
t (jam)

Column H
Row 16 Row 17
800.0
750.0
700.0
650.0
600.0
550.0
500.0
Q (m3/detik)

450.0
400.0 Column I
350.0 Column J
Column K
300.0
250.0
200.0
150.0
100.0
50.0
0.0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
t (jam)
Column I
Column J
Column K

14