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Teoria, Accion Social y Desarrollo en America Latina by Aldo Solari; Rolando Franco; Joel Jutkowitz Review, Vol. 10, No. 1 (May, 1978), pp. 190-191 Published b y : Cambrid g e Universit y Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/155877 . Accessed: 24/09/2012 03:16 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates y our acce p tance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . Cambridge University Press is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Latin American Studies. http://www.jstor.org " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">

Teoria, Accion Social y Desarrollo en America Latina by Aldo Solari; Rolando Franco; Joel Jutkowitz Review by: Michael Redclift Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (May, 1978), pp. 190-191 Published by: Cambridge University Press

Accessed: 24/09/2012 03:16

Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp

.

JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.

.

Teoria, Accion Social y Desarrollo en America Latina by Aldo Solari; Rolando Franco; Joel Jutkowitz Review, Vol. 10, No. 1 (May, 1978), pp. 190-191 Published b y : Cambrid g e Universit y Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/155877 . Accessed: 24/09/2012 03:16 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates y our acce p tance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . Cambridge University Press is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Latin American Studies. http://www.jstor.org " id="pdf-obj-0-41" src="pdf-obj-0-41.jpg">

Cambridge University Press is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Latin American Studies.

http://www.jstor.org

9go Journal of Latin American Studies

9go Journal of

Latin American Studies

Bennett

Bennett

Orleans:

Orleans:

H.

H.

Wall

Wall

Tulane

Tulane

and

and

George S. Gibb:

George

S.

Gibb:

University

University

Press,

Press,

I974,

I974,

Teagle

Teagle

$I2.00).

$I2.00).

of Jersey Standard (New

of

Jersey

Standard

(New

Pp.

Pp.

xxii

xxii

+

+

386.

386.

Bennett H.

Bennett

H.

the

the

Business

Business

Wall is a professor

Wall is

a

professor

History

History

Review

Review

on the

of history; George

of

history;

George

and

and

co-author (with

co-author

(with

S.

S.

Gibb a former editor of

Gibb a

former editor of

E.

E.

H.

H.

Knowlton)

Knowlton)

of

of

an

an

important volume on

important

volume

the history of Jersey Standard. Walter Teagle was one of

history

of

Jersey

Standard.

Walter

Teagle

was

one of

the most important oilmen in the world in the inter-war period.

the

most

important

oilmen in the world

in the inter-war

period.

This is a surprisingly superficial

This

is

a

surprisingly

of such standing

of such

standing

such a

the origin

the

origin

superficial book to be written by professional historians

book

to

be

written

by professional

historians

It is inaccurate in detail (e.g. the discussion of

inaccurate in

detail

(e.g.

the discussion of

on p. 2II), and the uncritical adulation

on

p.

2II),

and the uncritical

adulation

on such a subject.

on

subject. It is

agreement'

agreement'

of the 'red-line

of

the 'red-line

of the subject

of the

subject

(Handclasps are

(Handclasps

(and his

(and

his

company)

company)

expressed

expressed

in painful

in

painful

', or 'firm

',

or

'firm

cliches is hard

cliches

is hard

to take.

to

take.

'.)

'.)

are ' crushing ', jaws are 'jutting

'

crushing ', jaws

are

'jutting

include Teagle's

include

', eyes are 'watchful

',

eyes

are 'watchful

briefcase'

The numerous photographs

The

numerous

photographs

beside his fishing tackle

beside his

fishing

tackle box,

the public would

the

public

would

Teagle's desk,

desk, his 'famous

his 'famous

briefcase' posed

posed

box, even his special fishing fly. We are informed that

even

his

special fishing

fly.

We are

informed that

have been

so

so

critical of

critical of

Jersey

Jersey

Standard had

Standard

had

'it

'it

been

been

administrator sitting in stocking

administrator

sitting

in

stocking

fill

flush'

(p. 56).

(p.

56).

not have been

not

privileged to witness the Company's principal

privileged

to witness the

Company's principal

feet and wreathed in cigar smoke intently

feet

and wreathed in

cigar

smoke

intently endeavouring

endeavouring to fill a flush'

to

a

Not recommended for serious students.

Not recommended for serious students.

School

School

of Oriental

of

Oriental

and African

and

African

Studies,

Studies,

London

London

EDITH

EDITH

PENROSE

PENROSE

Aldo Solari, Rolando Franco and Joel Jutkowitz:

Aldo

Solari,

Rolando Franco and

Joel

Jutkowitz:

Teoria, Accion Social y

Teoria, Accion Social

y

Desarrollo en America Latina (Mexico: Siglo XXI, 1976, n.p.s.). Pp. 636.

Desarrollo en America

Latina

(Mexico:

Siglo XXI,

1976, n.p.s.). Pp. 636.

Fifteen years ago one commentator on Latin American sociology described the

Fifteen

years ago

one commentator on Latin

American

sociology

described

the

state of the discipline

state of

the

discipline

in that continent in the following

in

that

continent

in

the

following

terms:

terms:

'teaching

'teaching

is

is

speculative, content eclectic, subject matter poorly defined, teachers are largely

speculative,

content

eclectic,

subject

matter

poorly

defined,

teachers

are

largely

untrained and

untrained

and

unspecialized,

unspecialized,

little

little

research is undertaken, and what

research is

undertaken,

and

what

there is

there is

continues the tradition of the pensadores, for very few investigators have been

continues

the

tradition

of the

pensadores,

for

very

few

investigators

have been

trained in modern

trained

in modern

methods

methods

Science

Science

Research

Research

on

on

Latin

Latin

of

of

research'

research'

(Hopper

(Hopper

in

in

America,

America,

Columbia

Columbia

U.P.,

U.P.,

C.

C.

Wagley,

Wagley,

ed.,

ed.,

1964). Reading

1964). Reading

Social

Social

Solari,

Solari,

Franco and

Franco

and

writing

writing

one

one

Jutkowitz's

Jutkowitz's

formidable

formidable

synthesis

synthesis

is

is

left

left

in no doubt that Hopper's

in

no

doubt that

Hopper's

of

of

Latin

Latin

American

American

sociological

sociological

comments have much

comments

have much

less force

less force

today than they had a decade and a half ago.

today

than

they

had a decade and a half

ago.

Solari et al. have written a long, thoughtful and intellectually engaging book,

Solari

et

al.

have

written

a

long,

thoughtful

and

intellectually

engaging

book,

encyclopaedic in

encyclopaedic

in

content and ambitious

content

and

ambitious

in

in

intent. Their aim

intent.

Their

aim has

has been

been to

to

do

do

nothing

nothing

less than

less

than

analyse

analyse

the

the

development

development

of

of

'sociological

'sociological

writing'

writing'

(in

(in

the

the

broadest sense) in Latin America, review its principal theoretical and substantive

broadest sense) in Latin America, review its principal

theoretical and substantive

concerns, and relate these concerns to the

concerns,

and

relate these concerns to the

developing

developing

is

is

Latin American perspective

Latin American

perspective

on underdevelopment and development. This

on

underdevelopment

and

development.

This

a

a

review and interpretation of

review and

interpretation

of

what has happened rather than an original contribution to intellectual debate.

what has

happened

rather than

an

original

contribution to intellectual debate.

At

At

its

its

best, for

best,

for

example

example

in

in

the section on

the section on

the

the

colonialism',

colonialism',

it is an incisive and illuminating

it

is

an

incisive and

illuminating

'dual

'dual

economy'

economy'

and 'internal

and

'internal

book. At

book.

At

its worst it descends

its worst

it descends

into sociological bathos of the 'what

into

sociological

bathos

of the

'what

should be the true object of sociological

should

be

the true

object

of

sociological

inquiry?'

inquiry?'

variety. On the whole high

variety.

On the

whole

high

standards are maintained and the clear

standards are

maintained

and

the

clear

exposition

exposition

of

of

functionalist (' neo-positivist')

functionalist

(' neo-positivist')

and

and

'critical'

'critical'

(marxist-influenced)

(marxist-influenced)

perspectives enables the reader to appreciate just how much theoretical progress

perspectives

enables the reader to

appreciate just

how much theoretical

progress

has been made in Latin American sociology.

has

been

made in

Latin

American

sociology.

As

As

a synthesis of opinion,

a

synthesis

of

opinion,

con-

con-

Book Notices

Book

Notices

19I

19I

sidered sidered but but have achieved what have achieved what critically critically sympathetically, Solari and colleagues
sidered
sidered
but
but
have achieved what
have achieved what
critically
critically
sympathetically, Solari and colleagues
sympathetically, Solari and colleagues
at
at first seems
first seems almost
have shown how consciousnessof under-
have shown how consciousnessof under-
almost impossible.They
impossible.They
manifestations, has
manifestations, has been
been
reflected through
reflected through
intellectual
intellectual
development, in
development, in
its many
its many
until intellectuallabour itself
until intellectuallabour itself
has become
has become
inquiry,
inquiry,
reinvigorated.Although they
reinvigorated.Although they
do
do not
so
the
the
of
of
this fertile intellectual
this fertile intellectual
is
is
obvious.
obvious.
not say so explicitly,
say
explicitly,
proof
proof
activity
activity
Latin Americans looked
Latin Americans looked
to
to
or North America for
or North America for
Twenty years ago
Twenty years ago
Europe
Europe
in the social sciences.
in the social sciences.
those of us
those
of
North Ameri-
North Ameri-
guidance
guidance
Today,
Today,
us European and
European and
can social scientistswho are interestedin
can social scientistswho are interestedin
theoreticalwork
theoreticalwork on
on development(and
development(and
this
this
observation might
observation might
be
be
extended to
extended to
African and
African and
Asian
Asian
scholars, too)
scholars, too)
look to
look to
Latin Americansto
Latin Americansto
it. One's
it. One's
reservationis that interestin
reservationis that interestin
provide
provide
only
only
empirical
empirical
research and
research and
has
has not matched the
not matched
the
that has been made
has been made
methodology
methodology
progress that
progress
in other directions.
in other directions.
Wye College and Institute of Latin American Studies,
and Institute
Latin
American
MICHAEL
MICHAEL REDCLIFT
REDCLIFT
Wye College
of
Studies,
London
London
Victor Andrade, My
Victor
Andrade, My
Missions for
Missions
edited
edited
for Revolutionary Bolivia,
Revolutionary Bolivia,
1944-62,
1944-62,
and
and with an introduction by Cole Blasier
with an
introduction
Cole Blasier
by
(Pittsburgh University
(Pittsburgh University Press,
Press,
Pp. 200.
200.
1976, $11.95).
1976, $11.95).
Pp.
Victor Andrade's
Victor Andrade's
career
career
extends
extends
the limits set
limits set by
this
this
political
political
beyond
beyond the
by
fragment
fragment
of
of
omissions are
omissions are
In
In
Bolivia's most recent
Bolivia's most recent
autobiography, and the
autobiography, and the
significant.
significant.
of
of
Andrade came third with
Andrade came third with
almost Io per cent
almost
cent
presidential election (that
presidential election (that
1966)
1966)
Io
per
of the vote. The
of the vote. The
electoralcourt had authorizedhim
electoralcourt had authorizedhim
to use the
to use the
initials
initials
precious
precious
'MNR
',
there was little else of that party to which he could
there was little else of that
to
which he could lay
'MNR ', although
although
party
lay
claim.
claim.
the time of his first election
the time of his first election
in
in
1940 he had
he had
By
By
campaign
campaign
1940
already
already
of
of
activism, first as a student leader
activism,
first as a student leader in
in the
the
experienced ten years
experienced ten years
political
political
I930
I930
revolutionand then as one of the
revolutionand then as one of the
for
the
the
favour of
favour of
President
President
cliques competing
cliques competing for
Busch. He
Busch. He was elected
was elected
for his home
home
in
as
deputy for his
deputy
province (Sud Yungas) in
province (Sud Yungas)
I940
I940 as
a
a
candidate for Estrella de
candidate for Estrella de
Hierro, an
Hierro,
an
of
of
Chaco veterans of
Chaco veterans of
organization
organization
fascistic tendencies, which borrowed at least its name from the
fascistic
reputedly
reputedly
tendencies,
which
borrowed at least its name from the
Rumanian Iron
Rumanian Iron
Guard. In this volume,
Guard. In this
volume, however, he
however,
he
under a different
under a different
appears
appears
label
label - - progressive democratand friend of
friend of
the United States.The book is aimed
the United States.The book is aimed
progressive democratand
at the
at the
and most
is
is
devoted to
devoted to
Washington diplomaticcommunity and
Washington diplomaticcommunity
most space
space
explain-
explain-
and
on
on
United
United
States
States
towards
towards Bolivia, whereas the
whereas the
ing
ing and
commenting
commenting
policies
policies
Bolivia,
domestic
domestic
receive
and
somewhat
republic's
republic's
politics receive only
politics
only sketchy
sketchy and somewhat unsatisfactory
unsatisfactory
treatment.
treatment.
As
As Ambassadorto
and
Andrade was a
Andrade was a
Ambassadorto Washington 1944-6 and 1952-8
Washington 1944-6
1952-8
leading
leading
two
two
he
he
a
a
in
the
participant in
participant in
major episodes:
major episodes:
in the unsuccessful
unsuccessful
played
played
key part
key part
defence of
defence of the Villarroel
the
Villarroel administration, and
administration, and
returned more
returned more
after
after
successfully
successfully
the
the
1952 revolution to
revolution to
neutralize the
neutralize the
aroused in
aroused in
1952
the United States by
the United States
hostility
hostility
by
the nationalization of
the nationalization of the tin mines. He was
the tin
mines. He was
a skilful and
a
skilful and
evidently
evidently
highly
highly
who was
entrusted by the
entrusted
the
international
international community with
regarded diplomat,
regarded diplomat, who was
with
by
community
an
an
the
the
importantchairmanship during
importantchairmanship during
drafting
drafting
of the United Nations Charter.
of the United Nations Charter.
It would seem that much of the influencehe
It would seem that much of the influencehe was able to exercisein
was able to exercisein Washington
Washington
came from the
came from the
contactshe
the
the
of the
of the
reputation and contactshe acquiredthrough
reputation and
acquiredthrough
founding
founding
United
United Nations. Hence his
Nations. Hence his
memoirs are of
memoirs are of
interest not
interest not
diplomatic
diplomatic
to
to
only
only
addicts of
Bolivian
addicts of Bolivian politics. They are perhaps most useful to students of inter-
politics. They
are perhaps
most useful to
students of inter-