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JUSTIFICACINCUMPLIMIENTOCRDITOWEc1

Elajardinamientodelproyectoconsisteporunladoeneltratamientodelaszonasdecubierta
ajardinadayporotro,eltratamientodelaszonasdeplantabaja.
Por las caractersticas de ambas zonas, se han seleccionado dos tipos de tratamiento de las
zonas:
Cubierta
Se han seleccionado plantas tapizantes de poca necesidad de agua. El objetivo es cubrir la
mayor cantidad de superficie para evitar la radiacin solar sobre el terreno, para reducir la
evaporacin y el calentamiento del mismo, y disminuir la transmisin de calor al edificio. El
riegoserporgoteosubterrneodeformamasivacontroladomediantesensoresdehumedad
delterreno.ElsistemadecontrolempleadoserelPROCconETSystemdeHunter.
LasespeciesutilizadassernvariedadesdeSedum.

PlantaBaja
En la urbanizacin de planta baja, se han seleccionado principalmente arbustos y rboles
autctonos de forma diseminada para reducir la cantidad de agua necesaria. El riego se
realizar mediante riego enterrado por goteo punto a punto controlado mediante sondas de
humedad en el terreno y de lluvia. El sistema de control empleado ser el PROC con ET
SystemdeHunter.
LasespeciesutilizadassernvariedadesdeAloeydeAgave,Romero,palmceastipoDracena
yChamaerops.
Acontinuacinrealizaremoselclculodelasnecesidadesderiegodelproyecto:
Tipo de
jardn
rea k
s
k
d
k
mc
K
L
ET
L
IE CE TWA
Tapizantes
(1)

7007
(651m2)
0.2 1.0 1.2 0.24 1.66
Goteo
(0.9)
Sensor
(0.56)
(3)

4,511
Arbustos,
rboles
(2)

5038
(468m2)
0.5 0.5 1.0 0.25 1.73
Goteo
(0.9)
Sensor
(0.56)
(3)

3,380
SubtotalTWA(gal) 7,891
Lluviadejulioyaguarecuperada(gal) 7,891
TPWA(gal) 0
(1) Sedum
(2) AloeydeAgave,Romero,palmceastipoDracenayChamaerops
(3) El controlador permite la configuracin del riego en funcin de la evotranspiracin y
permite suprimir el riego en funcin de la lluvia. Segn el fabricante permite ahorros
del2040%(inclusotieneestudiosquesuperanesascifras),tomndoseunvalormedio
de30%(CE=0,7).
rea:Superficieajardinadaenpiescuadrados(sf)
ks:Factorespecie(01)
kd:Factordensidad(01)
kmc:Factormicroclima(01.2)
K
L
:Coeficientedelajardinamiento.Resultadodelaecuacin:k
s
xk
d
xkm
c

ET
L
:Coeficientedeevotranspiracinespecficadelproyecto.ResultadodeET
0
xK
L
ET
0
HuelvaJulio=6,92in
IE:Eficienciariego(Aspersor:0.625;Goteo:0.90)
CE:Eficienciadecontrolderiegoenfuncindeltipodecontrol(0.71.0)
TWA:Aguatotalutilizadaengalonesamericanos(gal).Resultadodelafrmula:
IwA (gol) = _Arco (s)x
EI
L
(in)
IE
_xCExu.62SS (golsin)
TPWA:Aguapotabletotalutilizada.Resultadodelafrmula:TWA(gal)Aguareutilizada(gal)

A continuacin realizaremos el clculo de las necesidades de riego de referencia con los


valoresmedios:
Tipo de
jardn
rea k
s
k
d
k
mc
K
L
ET
L
IE TWA
Tapizantes
(1)

7007
(651m
2
)
0.5 1.0 1.2 0.60 4.15
Aspersor
(0.625)
29,000
Arbustos,
rboles
(2)

5038
(468m
2
)
0.5 1.1 1.0 0.55 3.81
Aspersor
(0.625)
19,122
SubtotalLneaBaseTWA(gal) 48,122

Segn los datos anteriores, el porcentaje de ahorro de agua total del ajardinamiento de
proyecto,serdel83,6%.
Losvaloresadoptadosdelosdistintoscoeficientessehantomadodelasiguientetabla:
Tipodevegetacin
Factorespecie(k
s
) Factordensidad(k
d
) Factormicroclima(k
mc
)
Bajo Medio Alto Bajo Medio Alto Bajo Medio Alto
Arboles 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.0 1.3 0.5 1.0 1.4
Arbustos 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.0 1.3
Plantastapizantes 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.0 1.2
rboles mixtos, arbustos,
plantastapizantes
0.2 0.5 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.3 0.5 1.0 1.4
Csped 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.2

Por otro lado, se justifica la cantidad de agua del depsito mes a mes, considerando los
consumos y las reposiciones cada mes, considerando el caso estacionario. La cubierta aljibe
tiene una superficie de recogida de agua de 633,24m
2
, y puede almacenar un total de
33.444,18gal(126.648l).
A continuacin, se muestra la pluviometra mensual media de los ltimos 13 aos y la
evapotranspiracindelazona.
Mes Pluviometra
(mm)
Evapotranspiracin
ET0(mm)
Enero 71 29
Febrero 42 42
Marzo 67 76
Abril 52 105
Mayo 18 138
Junio 5 159
Julio 0 176
Agosto 6 150
Septiembre 33 104
Octubre 75 64
Noviembre 90 36
Diciembre 79 28

A partir de estos datos y con la correspondiente conversin de unidades, podemos elaborar


unatablaparacalcularladisponibilidaddelaljibeydeaguadelluvia.
Mes ET0(in/mes) Consumo
riego
(gal/mes)
Llenado
(gal/mes)
Balance
hdricoaljibe
(gal/mes)
Agua disponible
enaljibe(gal)*
Enero 1,142 552 11.873 10.570 33.444
Febrero 1,654 799 7.023 5.137 33.444
Marzo 2,992 1.447 11.204 7.790 33.444
Abril 4,134 1.998 8.695 3.980 33.444
Mayo 5,433 2.627 3.010 3.188 30.256
Junio 6,260 3.026 836 6.305 23.951
Julio 6,929 3.350 0 7.905 16046
Agosto 5,906 2.855 1.003 5.734 10312
Septiembre 4,094 1.979 5.518 847 11.160
Octubre 2,520 1.218 12.542 9667 20.826
Noviembre 1,417 685 15.050 13.433 33.444
Diciembre 1,102 533 13.210 11.952 33.444
* Se desprecia la evaporacin del aljibe porque se encuentra tapado en toda su
superficie.
Firmado

AntonioLissenOrtega OlgaFernndezMontesGlez.

ANEXO:
DOCUMENTACINHUNTER




This guide provides general information on the LEED

Green Building Rating System. It is not intended to provide professional design,


legal or construction management advice and should not be relied on for those purposes. Such advice may only be provided by licensed
professionals in the jurisdiction applicable to the construction project. LEED

is a registered trademark of the USGBC.






Hunter Water Efficient Products (continued)

Product Category Hunter Model
Water Savings
Percentage
Reference
Automatic
Controllers
X-Core, XCH,
Pro-C, PCC,
ICC, I-Core, ACC
Up to10%

Hunter controllers have the programming flexibility to
accommodate a wide variety of landscape materials and
climate types, as well as adjust for seasonal weather
changes. Savings are based on manufacturer testing, and
rely on user input for programming and seasonal changes.

Rain Sensors
Mini-Clik, Rain-Clik,

Wireless Rain-Clik
Up to 20%

Rain sensors automatically preempt or stop irrigation when
sufficient precipitation has occurred, and the sensor is
activated. Water savings is dependent on the number of rain
events, and the quantity of rain that occurs during the
irrigation season.
See: Rain Sensor Study

Wind and Freeze
Sensors
Freeze-Clik,

Wind-Clik
Less than 5%

Above-ground spray irrigation systems that run during windy
conditions or during freezing temperatures can waste water.
Savings percentage is dependent on the number of times a
system would be prevented from watering when undesirable
conditions prevail.

Flow Sensors
Flow Meters
Flow-Clik
(All Controllers)

HFS
(ACC and I-Core
Controllers)
Varies

Flow sensors can automatically stop irrigation when a high
flow condition is detected. High flows can be the result of a
broken sprinkler, a missing nozzle, a lateral line break, or a
main line break. Water savings is dependent on the type of
problem causing the high flow, and the amount of time the
issue goes without detection or resolution.

ET Sensors
Solar Sync

ET System
20 to 40%

An ET Sensor, when paired with the proper Hunter controller,
can monitor the on-site weather, and adjust the controller
based on the conditions at the site. Average savings is
dependent on many variables, but averages of 30% are
documented in many studies.
See: ET Controller Study

Central Control IMMS 3.0 Up to 40%

Central Control allows the manager of a large site, or multiple
sites to control and monitor many automatic irrigation
controllers from one location. Average water savings of 20 to
50% can be achieved, depending on current management
practices. The addition of ET Sensors to the satellite
controllers in this type of system can help achieve savings
toward the upper end of this range.
See: Project Profiles



LEED 2009
Water Efficiency Credit 1 (WEc1)
Controller Efficiency
Controller Efficiency (CE) or Control Factor (CF) is a number that needs to be determined to perform the
calculations for this credit. It is defined as the percent reduction in water use from any weather-based controllers or
moisture sensor-based systems. It is equal to 1 minus the estimated percentage of overall irrigation water saved by
the controller (CE = 1 - % Savings).

Hunter Solar Sync with Module, Solar Sync Sensor and ET System
The Solar Sync is compatible with the following Hunter controllers:
Pro-C
PCC
ICC
I-Core

The Solar Sync Sensor is compatible with the following Hunter controllers that have integrated Solar Sync software:
X-Core
ACC

The ET System is compatible with the following Hunter controllers:
PCC
Pro-C
ICC

Testing
All of these weather sensors were tested at the Center for Irrigation Technology using the Smart Water Application
Testing (SWAT) procedures, with the results published on the Irrigation Association web site. The test uses input
data from CIMIS weather station #80, with the reference crop being turfgrass. There are 6 different zones that are
used, with the following parameters:


Parameter Zone #1 Zone #2 Zone #3 Zone #4 Zone #5 Zone #6
Soil Type Loam Silty Clay Loamy Sand Sandy Loam Clay Loam Clay
Vegetation
Fescue
75% Shade
Bermuda Full
Sun

Ground
Cover
Full Sun
Woody
Shrubs
50% Shade
Trees &
Ground
Cover
Full Sun
Bermuda Full
Sun

Crop Coef. 0.45 0.57 0.55 0.40 0.61 0.57
Slope % 6% 10% 8% 12% 2% 20%

Test Results: ET System





Hunter ET System w/Pro-C Controller Full Technical SWAT Performance Report*

Performance Parameters
Zone
#1
Zone
#2
Zone
#3
Zone
#4
Zone
#5
Zone
#6

Eto (inches) 3.29 3.29 3.29 3.29 3.29 3.29

Etc (inches) 1.69 2.30 1.80 1.32 2.04 2.30

Rainfall (inches) 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50

Net Rainfall (inches) 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20

Effective Rainfall (inches) 0.87 0.68 0.94 1.20 1.20 0.80

Gross Irrigation (inches) 2.15 2.84 1.79 0.74 1.57 2.66

Direct Run-off (inches) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Soak Run-off (inches) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Effective Irrigation (inches) 1.17 1.67 1.25 0.56 1.24 1.77

Deficit (inches) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Surplus (inches) 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04

Irrigation Adequacy (%) 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Schedule Efficiency (%) 99.20% 100.00% 100% 100% 100% 97.70%

Irrigation Scheduling Excess (%) 0.80% 0.00% 0% 0% 0% 2.30%

*Evaluation Summary: Evaluation summary of performance during a 30-day period in which the controller was required to
adjust for actual weather conditions including significant Eto and rain events without intervention.
PRO-C with Hunter ET
System


Station
Eto
inches
Gross Irrig
inches
Water
Saving % CE

1 3.29 2.15 0.347 0.65

2 3.29 2.84 0.137 0.86

3 3.29 1.79 0.456 0.54

4 3.29 0.074 0.978 0.02

5 3.29 1.57 0.523 0.48

6 3.29 2.66 0.191 0.81



0.56
Average
CE

Conclusion

The ET System performed better than either of the Solar Sync products, as would be expected. By design, the ET
System gathers on-site weather data with a sophisticated sensor array that captures all the variables used in the ET
calculation. That along with the user inputs for landscape plant types, soils, slope, and sprinkler types are used to
develop a new irrigation schedule each day, leading to optimum water savings.

The Solar Sync products use a simpler sensor array to gather on-site weather data used to calculate a seasonal
adjustment value which is sent to the controller each night. This adjustment value will cause user programmed run
times to vary based on the seasonal adjustment percentage change in the controller.

An important part of any of these products performance is the irrigation managers observation, and subsequent
adjustment of the control system to optimize water use. The Solar Sync products rely on the initial run times input in
the controller, and should be adjusted after several days of observation of the system. These tests do not allow for
this adjustment, and therefore real world application of the Solar Sync products has seen much better results due to
the ability to adjust originally programmed run times.