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Gloomy (adjective): sad or depressed - I've noticed a very gloomy atmosphere in their family recently.

Call it quits (phrasal verb): give up or end - After having gone through marriage counseling, Karl and Susan decided to call it quits. Bliss (noun): happiness - Marriage is filled with a combination of bliss and trails. Petty (adjective): simplistic, unimportant - My parents often get into petty arguments about dumb things. Down the road (prepositional phrase): in the future - Their relationship is going to be in serious trouble down the road unless they work to resolve their differences. He should stop taking such a belligerent (hostile or aggressive) attitude toward things. sustain (verb): keep yourself alive - You need a lot of water to sustain yourself in the hot desert sun. flood (noun): a large amount of water that covers an area that is generally dry - We lost a lot of our possessions in last week's flood. power outage (noun): a period of time when you do not have electrical power - The power outrage lasted over 10 hours, and we had to use flashlights and candles to see in the dark. shelter (noun): a structure used for protection from weather or danger - After the hurricane, many residents fled to shelters because their homes had been destroyed by wind and water. pack (verb): fill or put things into a container like a suitcase or box - Hurry and pack your suitcase. We need to leave in 15 minutes. purification (noun): the process of removing dirty parts from something (also a verb purify) - You really need to purify the water from the stream because it probably contains bacteria. murky (adjective): dark and dirty that is difficult to see through - The water that comes out of the kitchen faucet is really murky due to the fact that the city is working on some of the water lines in this area. spoil (verb): go bad or decay so you cannot eat or drink something any longer - The food in the refrigerator started to spoil after the power had been off for two days. bulky (adjective): something difficult to carry because of its size - Your backpack is too bulky to carry easily in case of an emergency; you should remove some of the items and then repack it. nasty (adjective): having a bad smell, taste, or appearance - The food looked so nasty that I couldn't bring myself to try it. evacuate (verb): move from an unsafe place to safety - In case of fire, the school will evacuate all of its students to a safer location. be packed together like sardines (idiom): be crowded together in a small place - The emergency shelter was only designed to accommodate 100 evacuees, but because all other shelters were overcrowded, this shelter accepted everyone who came, and the people were packed together like sardines for two days. unsanitary (adjective): very dirty and unhealthy - The unsanitary conditions at the refugee camp were terrible, and nothing could be done until additional aid arrived. poncho (noun): a light coat made a one piece of material to protect you from wind and rain - I always carry a poncho in my backpack when I hike in case it starts to rain suddenly. be toast (noun, slang): be in a desperate or very difficult situation - If you don't have supplies during a severe emergency, you're toast, and no one will there to help you. stir-crazy (adjective): very nervous or anxious - Many of the people at the shelter have been there for a week, and they are beginning to feel stir-crazy because they have nothing to do, and they don't know their futures. wait out (phrasal verb): wait until something unpleasant finishes or passes - We should just wait out the storm before we attempt to cross the river.

be bored out of your mind (idiom): very bored - The students were bored out of their minds during the lecture on ancient religious practices. rebate (noun): a refund of part of all of the amount paid - The company offers a fifty-dollar rebate on the purchase of a new cellphone. catch (noun): a hidden drawback or disadvantage - So, there must be a catch to buying this cellphone. I mean, why would the company offer it for free? in case (adverb): in the event that - Bring your phone in case we need to call for help. fee (noun): cost, the amount of money you have to pay for something - There are always a number of fees you have to pay when buying a car. charge (noun, also a verb): fee, the amount of money you have to pay for something or (as a verb), require someone to pay money for a product or service - The store charged me too much for the cell phone, so I'm going to return it. nationwide (adverb and adjective): happening around the nation or country - The cell phone company is promoting their services nationwide. - That company offers nationwide cell phone coverage. roll over (phrasal verb): transfer or carry over - This is one of the few companies that allows you to roll over your minutes to the next month without losing them. term (noun): period of time - Over the long term, buying a high-quality phone might make the most financial sense. lemon (noun): a defective automobile - I bought a used car at a really good price, but it turned out to be a lemon. yahoo (interjection): shouted when you are excited about something - Yahoo! I won two tickets to the concert. accomplishment (noun): something successful you do after a lot of hard work - The company recognized my father's accomplishments and gave him a promotion. tuition (noun): the money you pay to take classes and be taught - I had to work all summer at two jobs to earn enough money for college tuition. pantry (noun): a small closet or storeroom where food is kept. - My sister took a lot of food from the pantry before she left for college. rations (noun): an amount of food given out for each meal, particularly when there is not much available in times of war or emergency - The soldiers survived on rations during the darkest days of the war. talk it over (phrasal verb): discuss a problem or situation before you make a decision - You really need to talk it over with your parents before you decide to transfer to another school. analyze (verb ): examine carefully - The rescue workers quickly analyzed the situation before they entered the building. maintain (verb): take care of something so it stays in good condition - You really need to maintain all of your hiking gear in good condition because you never know when you'll need it. conserve (verb): protect something from destruction or loss - If the missing hikers conserve their energy and food, they should be able to survive a few more days. live out (phrasal verb): do something you have planned or hoped for - Although my grandfather was quite old, he was able to live out his dream of graduating from high school, something he wasn't able to do 60 years ago. further (verb): help forward or promote - The university wants to further educational opportunities by providing additional scholarships. be doomed (verb): certain to die or be destroyed - My sister's plan to go to college was doomed from the beginning because she had terrible grades in high school, and she hadn't saved any money for tuition.

enroll in (verb): go to or attend - More and more students are enrolling in computer science because they see a future in that field. buck (noun): dollar - Could you load me a buck or two until tomorrow? be strapped for cash (idiom): have no money available - He has really been strapped for cash because he lost his job two weeks ago. pinch pennies (idiom): be careful with money - That young couple had to pinch pennies so they can live. in the hole (idiom): in debt - My brother has charged so some many purchases to his credit cards that he's is the hole. make ends meet (idiom): make enough money to live - When I was a student, I had to work three part-time jobs to make ends meet. land (verb): find - I need to land a good job where I can earn a lot of money. be loaded (adjective): having a lot of money - Don't let him borrow money off you because, in reality, he's loaded. His rich parents give him $2,500 in spending money a month! budget (noun): a financial plan of expenses and income - You should create a budget of your expenses. keep track of (idiom): keep a record of - Any business should keep track of its earnings. run out (phrasal verb): use up or exhaust - If you don't keep a budget, you might run out of money before your next paycheck. utilities (noun): services provided by gas, power, and water companies - The rent for this apartment includes the cost of utilities. pay through the nose (idiom): pay an excessive amount of money - Car insurance is so expensive that you have to pay through the nose to get any type of coverage these days. knack (noun): a special way or ability of doing something - My mother has a real knack for saving money on her low salary. blow (verb): spend thoughtlessly or wastefully; throw away - People sometimes blow money on things that have no lasting value. commute (verb): travel back and forth between work and home - I commute by bus everyday. curb (verb): lessen or reduce - Unless you curb your spending, you're going to run out of money before the week is over. discreet (adjective): careful not to attract attention or cause embarrassment - Sometimes, doctors have to be very discreet when talking with their family about patients. means (noun): method or way - Many advertisers use almost any means to persuade customers to buy their products. straightforward (adjective): simple, direct, and clear - I suggest you use a straightforward approach when dealing with the problem with your girlfriend. implement (verb): put into action - The company president decided to implement a new training program to improve employee morale. relevant (adjective): having some connection to a certain subject - If a Website is relevant to the needs of its visitors, people will return to use it again and again. enhance (verb): improve or make better - You can enhance your Website by making it easier to navigate. annoying (adjective): making you feel bothered by or unhappy with something - I can't stand annoying ads that try to get you to buy unwanted products.

customize (verb): change something to make it more appropriate or suitable for you - Many people customize their computers the way they like them. spread the word (idiom): tell or announce something to a lot of people - Hey. Tom is getting married. Spread the word! display (verb): show - Some Web sites display to raise money to support their sites. diagnose (verb): determine the nature of a problem - This test will diagnose whether she has the disease. terminal (adjective): ending in or approaching death - His wife has a terminal illness and isn't expect to live through the end of the week. in spite of (preposition): regardless of - Nathan was very cheerful in spite of his medical condition. dire (adjective): awful, fearful, nearly hopeless - The family found themselves in dire financial conditions after the loss of their father. prognosis (noun): a prediction of the course of a disease - With the development of new medications, the long-term prognosis for someone with that disease is good. jovial (adjective): merry, cheerful - My sister was still somewhat jovial in spite of her medical condition. upbeat (adjective): cheerful, positive - In spite of all my mother's emotionally challenges, she always tried to remainupbeat about life. self-pity (noun): a feeling of sorrow for personal sufferings - Although she was suffering from cancer, the woman felt there was little time forselfpity and devoted the rest of her life to service. deceased (adjective): dead - Both of my parents are deceased, and I only have one brother who is still living. hospice (noun): a program providing medical and emotional care for the terminally ill and their families - A local hospice came into our home to care for my grandfather while he was terminally ill. benefactors (noun): someone who helps other people - Many benefactors have contributed goods and money to the poor in our area. ponder (verb): reflect or think deeply on something, meditate - When you find yourself in dire circumstances, people often tend to ponder the purpose of life. attributes (noun): qualities or characteristics - There are so many attributes I admire in Mindy, my sister. lap of luxury (noun): a condition of wealth and comfort - Some people live in the lap of luxury while others live a relatively simple lifestyle from day to day. blab (verb): talk too much about unimportant things, some of which might be private matters - She blabbed to her friends all about the accident and how it was all my fault. How embarrassing. jump to conclusions (idiom): form an opinion without all the facts and evidence - Hey, don't jump to conclusions. The accident might not have been her fault. pull into (phrasal verb): move into a spot like a parking space or driveway - When you arrive, just pull your car into the garage. ruin (verb): spoil or destroy something completely - You're going to ruin your car if you drive it like that. be in a jam (idiom): be in a difficult situation - I'm in a real jam because I have a date tonight, but my car broke down this afternoon? What am I going to do? tough (adjective): difficult or unfortunate - Not having a car right now must be really tough. How are you going to get to work without one? awesome (adjective): very good, impressive - That's awesome that your parents are letting you use their car for the weekend.

count on (phrasal verb): depend on - I can always count on my kids to drive safely. Otherwise, I wouldn't let them use my car. wreck (verb): completely destroy or ruin - My father wrecked the family car last night, but fortunately, he wasn't hurt. sputter (verb): make consecutive explosive noises - My car tends to sputter a lot in cold weather when I start it up. carburetor (noun): part of the engine that mixes air with gasoline vapor before combustion - The carburetor needs to be fixed or replaced. alternator (noun): a generator that produces electrical current - There must be a problem with the alternator in my old truck. outrageous (adjective): very expensive - The cost of repairing the old car would have been outrageous, so that I decided to buy a new one instead. out-of-the-way (adjective): remote or far from populated areas - We took a trip to an out-of-the-way ghost town during our vacation. cost an arm and a leg (idiom): be very expensive, outrageous - It cost me an arm and a leg to fix the damage to my sports car. be in hot water (idiom): be in serious trouble - I'll be in hot water if I don't buy my wife flowers for Valentines Day. vicious (adjective): something causing great physical or emotional pain through aggressive actions or behavior, dangerous - That watch dog is really vicious. It will bite you if you get too close. peel out (phrasal verb): to accelerate a vehicle very quickly - The man peeled out of the parking lot and nearly ran into our car. maniac (noun): a person who acts in a wild or uncontrollable way - That guy is a maniac. He driving out of control and almost hit us. run off (phrasal verb): to force or drive off - He fell asleep at the wheel, and the car ran off the road. hide (verb): to prevent from being seen or discovered - Last night, I just wanted to hide under the table when I spilt my drink on my date. wacky (adjective): crazy, irrational, or silly - Don't listen to his wacky ideas. They'll only get you in hot water. gloomy (adjective): sad or depressed - I've noticed a very gloomy atmosphere in their family recently. call it quits (phrasal verb): give up or end - After having gone through marriage counseling, Karl and Susan decided to call it quits. bliss (noun): happiness - Marriage is filled with a combination of bliss and trails. petty (adjective): simplistic, unimportant - My parents often get into petty arguments about dumb things. down the road (prepositional phrase): in the future - Their relationship is going to be in serious trouble down the road unless they work to resolve their differences. He should stop taking such a belligerent (hostile or agressive) attitude toward things. driveway (noun): a small road leading up to a private house - My car is parked in the driveway. motorists (noun): a person who operates a motor vehicle (car, motorcycle) - Nowadays, more and more motorists are deciding to use public transportation to commute to work. Okey-dokey (exclamation): informal for "Okay" - Okey-dokey. Let's begin the driving test. district (noun): area - The speed limit in most residential districts is 25 miles per hour. grab (verb): to take hold of something - The woman grabbed the running child before he ran out into the road.

bud (noun): informal, sometimes used in a hostile or unfriendly manner when speaking to a man whose name is unknown - Hey bud. Watch where you're driving. You almost hit that tree. peek (verb): to take a short look at something - This car looks nice. Hey, take a peek inside to check how many miles it has. tailgate (verb): to drive too close to the vehicle in front of you that might make it impossible to avoid hitting in case of an emergency - Tailgating too closely is the cause of many accidents. pedestrian (noun):a person who walks, particularly where motor vehicles travel - You should pay careful attention to pedestrians when making turns on busy streets. jeez (interjection): an expression to show mild surprise, frustration, or disappointment - Jeez. You should have told me you didn't have money for gas. porcupines (noun): a land animal with long, sharp needles used to protect itself - You don't want to touch the porcupines unless you want to get hurt. trunk (noun): the long nose or snout of an elephant - The elephant used its trunk move that big tree. naughty (adjective): badly behaved - The monkeys were really naughty and stole my hat right off my head. Sleep tight It makes reference to old-style beds that used ropes to hold up the mattresses. Sleep tight and don't let the bed bugs bite. incident (noun): a situation that occurs, sometimes serious - There was an incident today involving a dog biting a young boy. bark (verb; also noun): making the sound of a dog - The neighbor's dog barked all night, and I couldn't get any sleep. pamper (verb): treat a person or an animal in a special way - My parents really pamper their dog by allowing it to sleep on their bed and watch TV. adopt (verb): take into one's family - Adopting a dog from an animal shelter is one way to save the lives of unwanted pets. temperamental (adjective): changing feelings or moods - My brother can be a little temperamental at times, so try to be understanding. handle (verb): take care of, hold or touch with your hands - Please handle the lizard with care. It is a very delicate creature. fangs (noun): long sharp teeth from an animal such as a snake - If a rattlesnake bites you, and its fangs break your skin, you should seek medical attention immediately. docile (adjective): easy to work with or handle - Although a rat looks like a scary creature, it is a very docile animal. go out of your mind: go crazy - She's been going out of her mind ever since her cat was hit by a car. Greenery: Such foliage used for decoration. I'd like to get a dozen roses with some greenery, and a very nice card Bouquet: A small cluster or arrangement of flowers. it looks like I can arrange a small bouquet of roses. make up (phrasal verb): become friendly after having a fight or argument - My parents made up after having a simple argument over who cooked more at home. cut it (phrasal verb): be enough to do something or deal with an issue - Studying only 30 minutes for the final exam just won't cut it. You'll fail the test for sure if you don't study more. - Buying cheap flowers for your wife won't cut it. She'll certainly be unhappy if you do that. be in the doghouse (idiom): be in disfavor or in a bad situation because you did or said something bad - He was in the doghouse for a while because didn't tell his wife the truth. wring someone's neck (idiom): punish someone for something he or she did - My girlfriend will wring my neck if she finds out I watched a football game with some friends instead of taking her out for dinner. wilt (verb): to bend over and look dead because something is old and dry - The flowers I was going to give my wife wilted because I forgot to water them.

dead meat ( (idiom): in serious trouble - Sara's boyfriend is dead meat. She just found out that he has been seeing someone else. face the music (idiom): accept the punishment or the consequences for certain events or your actions - Hey, you have to face the music sooner or later and just accept the fact that your girlfriend isn't coming back to you. ugly (adjective): very bad or potentially violent - The game turned ugly when players from both teams ran onto the field and started fighting. mishaps (noun): accidents - There were a few unfortunate mishaps while we were on vacation. horsing around (phrasal verb): playing around or wasting time - Hey! Stop horsing around and get to work. to pull something over someone's eyes (idiom): to deceive or hide the truth - Don't even try pulling something over my eyes. I'll be watching you very carefully. digging yourself out of something (idiom): trying to explain or justify the causes of a situation - There's no way you're going to be able to dig yourself out of this one. It was your fault, so just admit it. plaque (noun): a substance that builds up around teeth that can damage them - Brushing with toothpaste can help remove plaque. cavity (noun): tooth decay - If you take care of your teeth, you can reduce the risk of having cavities. wisdom tooth (noun): the last of your back teeth to come in - The dentist removed one of my wisdom teeth because it was bothering me. decay (noun, also verb): the gradual process of the tooth going bad, sometimes caused by poor dental care and eating habits - If the decay in the tooth is not removed, it could lead to a serious problem. filling (noun): a substance inserted into a tooth to repair a cavity - I need to get one of my fillings replaced because it came out yesterday. extensive (adjective): large in extent, range, or scope - Researchers have conducted extensive studies on the causes and prevention of tooth decay. crown (noun): a metal covering over the enamel-covered part of a tooth - The dentist suggested putting a crown on the tooth since the cavity would have been too difficult to repair with a filling. extract (verb): remove - The dentist extracted the decayed tooth without a problem. dull (verb, also adjective): numb or make insensitive, deaden feeling - I was shocked that the dentist didn't give me anything to dull the pain. local anesthetic (noun): a drug used to dull the body`s senses from pain in a specific area - The dentist used a local anesthetic on the patient before she extracted the tooth. nitrous oxide (noun): a gas inhaled as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery - Sometimes, dentists use nitrous oxide on patients when more extensive dental work is required or to help patients relax during certain procedures. discomfort (noun): pain or an uncomfortable feeling associated with a part of the body - I went to the dentist because I felt a great deal of discomfort in one of my teeth. alloy (noun): a mixture of two or more metals - Different alloy fillings may be used to fill cavities, depending on the severity and location of the cavity, as well as the patient's preference. porcelain (noun): made of semitransparent ceramic - Porcelain fillings may be used to fill cavities, depending on the severity and location of the cavity, as well as the patient's preference.

condolences (noun): expressions of sympathy with another's sadness - We're sorry to hear about your brother. Please give our condolences to his wife and children. pass away (verb): die - My father passed away suddenly three months ago. hard (adjective): difficult - Greg went through some very hard times after his wife died in a car accident. get over (verb): recover from - It took Sarah over a year to get over the loss of her baby. down (adjective): low in spirits - I'm feeling so down now that I can hardly concentrate on my work. funeral (noun): a ceremony where a person is buried or cremated - My boss took the day off to attend the funeral of a close friend. viewing (noun): a period before the funeral when family and friends view the dead body and sometimes share memories about the person - Only the immediate family is invited to attend the viewing. eulogy (noun): a speech of praise given at a funeral for someone who has recently died - The minister offered the eulogy on behalf of the family. be strapped for cash (idiom): have little money - I'd love to help you, but I'm strapped for cash this month. furnished (adjective): having furniture and appliances - I'm looking for a furnished apartment. appliances (noun): electronic devices often used in the kitchen including the stove, microwave, blender, dishwasher,and refrigerator - This store sells excellent appliances. improvise (verb): to use another way of doing something to accomplish your goal - I didn't have the right brushes to paint the living room, so I had to improvise. window pane (noun): the glass part of the window - The window pane in the bedroom needs replacing. beat (verb): be better than - I've looked around the best prices on paint, and this store beats any other place around. step out (phrasal verb): leave or go outside a room for a short period of time - Be sure to lock the front door if you step out to get lunch. out of the ordinary: unusual or unexpected - If you notice anything out of the ordinary, call the police. disarray (noun): a state of confusion or lack of organization, not tidy - The whole house was in disarray when we returned home from the store. exterior (adjective): outside - The lock on the exterior door to the building needs to be replaced. secure (adjective): strong - You ought to buy a very secure lock for your bike, so it doesn't get stolen. wise (adjective): smart - You would be wise to keep your valuables in a secure place. shrubbery (noun): small bushes - We planted some shrubbery around our house. conceal (verb): hide - Burglars sometimes conceal their true identities by wearing different clothes. patrol (verb): go around an area to check security - The police patrol our neighbor on a regular basis for suspicious people. confrontation (noun): a fight or argument There was a serious confrontation between the neighbors. seek out (verb): look for I suggest that we seek out more effective ways to prevent crime. deterrent (noun): something that prevents or discourages people from doing something else Keeping a light on in your house can be a good deterrent to burglars while you are away.

convention (noun): a large formal assembly or group of organized meetings held over several days - Participants can receive a discount if they register early for the convention. renovation (noun): the condition of being restored to its former good condition - The convention center is under renovation to repair damage caused by the tornado. amenities (noun): things that make one comfortable and at ease - My son had a difficult time adapting to life in the wilderness because of the lack of amenities he was used to. throw in add as an extra tenant (noun): occupant, resident, lessee - I have to talk to the tenant next door about his barking dog. blaring (verb): very loud - I can't do my homework with the TV blaring next door walking refrigerator (noun phrase): a very big person (slang) pungent (adjective): strong, harsh odor (noun): smell - Your dog has a real pungent odor. When was the last time you gave it a bath? zone (verb): designated, marked, set aside for - This area is zoned for commercial use only, and the city is planning to build several shops here. agriculture (noun); also agricultural (adjective): farming - The main livelihood of those in this region is agriculture. livestock (noun): farm animals - We will sell some of our livestock this summer. resume (verb): continue, start again - Classes will resume at the beginning of September. exercises (noun): drills, maneuvers, activities, operations - The fire department will carry out its emergency preparedness exercises later this week. artillery (noun): large guns, often on wheels, used by armies - The army has removed its artillery in anticipation of the peace treaty. protest (verb): complain, challenge - The residents protested the building of the waste plant within 20 miles of their neighborhood for safety reasons. cease (verb): end, stop - It is unclear when the steel factory will cease its operations. come down with something (idiom): get sick - My wife came down with a bad cold and couldn't go on the trip. out of sight (idiom): not visible - Please try to stay out of sight when Mom gets here. I don't want her to know that you are here. twist someone's arm (idiom): strongly persuade someone to do something - I had to twist his arm to get him to tell the truth. bag something (idiom): catch or kill an animal - We were out hunting for three days and couldn't bag a single wild turkey. ammo (noun): bullets or shells that are fired from a gun - We ran out of ammo on the fourth day of the hunt. bummer (noun): disappointment - It was a real bummer that the weather was bad. cut out something (idiom): stop or end something - Be quiet. If you don't cut out the noise, we won't be able to sleep all night. down (adjective): behind - Our team was down two runs until I hit a home run. loaded (adjective): full with a person on each base - The bases were loaded when our best hitter struck out. rebound (verb): come back and return to form - The pitcher has yet to rebound from his injury.

belt (noun and verb): hit - The other team belted three balls out of the park. lead (noun): information that will help you find a solution to a problem or situation - Although my sister has a few job leads, she knows that finding work these days will be difficult. look up (phrasal verb): improve or get better - More companies are moving their offices to this area, so the job market islooking up. in a nutshell (idiom): used when summarizing something in a very short, clear way - Business has been very slow over the past several months, and it will be difficult to maintain our current workforce. So, in a nutshell, we're going to have to let some of our workers go. provide (verb): give, supply, or furnish - The company provides health insurance for all full-time employees. reasonable (adjective): fair or sensible - I think it is reasonable for a person to ask the questions about the company and its future during a job interview. earn (verb): make or bring in - I think it is reasonable for a person to ask the questions about the company and its future during a job interview. in the end: finally, after a period of time - Even though the company was able to reduce costs, the result was the same in the end, and the company went out of business. boom (verb): grow rapidly - Gold mining boomed for more than 20 years in the valley. era (noun): show new growth - A number of small software companies sprouted in our area as a result of the demand for new applications. land a job (idiom): find a job - It is sometimes difficult to land a job without much experience. sprout (up) (verb): grow suddenly - A number of small software companies sprouted in our area as a result of the demand for new computer applications. ladder (noun): a piece of equipment used to climb up to high places - Be careful if you use the ladder to get into the trees. get sick and tired of something (idiom): become exhausted and/or upset about something - I just get sick and tired o picking up garbage in the yard. litter (verb and noun): make a place messy or untidy with trash or other objects left on the ground - I hate it when people walk through the park and litter. - Please don't throw litter out the window as we drive. right (noun): something you are legally allowed to do by law - The government should protect our individual rights to the freedom of speech and to vote in public elections. inform (verb): tell, make aware, or notify - It is often a good idea to inform your neighbors if you are planning to make major changes to your yard and landscaping. juvenile (noun or adjective): a young person, or someone who is acting inappropriate for an adult - Several juveniles were arrested for destroying the landscaping of our company. - Stop acting juvenile! You can't play games and jump over seats in a movie theater. doze off (verb): to fall asleep - The little girl began to doze off after spending the whole afternoon at the park. bizarre (adjective): strange, absurd, weird - His behavior was so bizarre that he lost his job because of it. plot (noun): the story of a book, play, or movie - I was fascinated by the movie's plot and sound track. admit (verb): accept or acknowledge - You must admit that the ending of the movie was a little weak.

awesome (adjective): fantastic, great, wonderful - The movie was awesome. It was the best I have seen in a long time. weird (adjective): strange, absurd, unusual - The book's plot was too weird for me, so I returned it to the library. fake (adjective): not real, not authentic - The scene where the doctor was killed by the shark was so fake. You could easily tell that the shark was just a plastic model. baldness (noun): hair loss - Baldness affects many men in their twenties and thirties. to bring something up (verb phrase): to start talking about something - Please don't bring up the subject again. We've already discussed it many times. toupee (noun): a fake hair piece for men - I thought about buying a toupee, but I'd rather no wear one. uh-uh (paralinguistic expression): informal way of saying "no." - Aren't you going to the party tonight? Uh-uh. I have finish a 20-page report by Monday, and I'm only on page one. retard (verb): slow or prevent - This toothpaste is good for retarding cavities. regenerate (verb): to start or stimulate new growth - We hope that this medication with regenerate new nerve endings. entrepreneurial (adjective); also entrepreneur (noun): a description of a person who decides to take certain risks to start their own business for profit or gain - To become a successful entrepreneur, you need a good business model, money, and connections. affordable (adjective): a fair price, reasonable - I wish that buying a home was more affordable. market (noun): the business environment where goods and services are traded, bought, or sold - Many businesses in this area are experiencing decreases in the market for new orders. tuition (noun): money paid for education - I had to take out a loan to pay for college tuition. you're pulling my leg (idiom): try to persuade or convince someone to believe something that is not true - He was just pulling your leg when he said he was getting married. CPR (noun) or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: a medical procedure used to restart the heart and breathing again in emergency situations - Although the man suffered a serious accident, emergency personnel were able to revive him using CPR. refinance (verb): provide money again to take care of financial dealings - My father wants to refinance his home to save money in the long run. mortgage (noun): an agreement allowing you to borrow money from a bank to buy a house - I really want to pay off our mortgage within the next ten years. funds (noun): assets in the form of money - Raising sufficient funds for a down payment for a house sometimes takes time. surplus (noun): more than is needed - He is only a junior, so he has another year to graduate. issue (verb): provide or give something usually to members of a group - This video only cost me a buck to rent for three days. keep track of (phrasal verb): watch and pay careful attention to what is happening - We need to keep track of the video we have checked out. Otherwise, we might have to pay a late fee. anyway (adverb): used to say you will do something regardless of something else - I know the DVD is expensive, but I'm going to buy it anyway. release (noun): a new movie or CD that has just been available for purchase - This is a new release, so it will cost a little more to rent. buck (noun): informal for one dollar - This video only cost me a buck to rent for three days.

come to (verb): add up to a certain money total - Renting the two videos comes to $5.00 plus tax. overdue (adjective): late, not returned as expected - This video is overdue now, and I should have returned it yesterday. suppose (verb): do what you should do based on rules or expectations - I was supposed to turn in my homework today, but I forgot to bring it. butter up (verb): to flatter with the purpose of getting something - It is no use trying to butter her up. She won't forget that YOU forgot to call her on her birthday last week. blow up (verb): to get angry suddenly - My dad blew up when he found out I failed two classes. trip up (verb): to cause to make mistakes - The first question on the test tripped me up, and I lost my concentration on the rest of the test. ace (verb): do very well on an assignment or test - I can't believe she aced the test because she didn't study much last night. no sweat (idiom): no problem, something that is easy to do - I'll get a perfect score on the chemistry test. No sweat. pass out (phrasal verb): give something to each member of a group - The teacher passed out the assignment at the end of class. bright (adjective): smart or intelligent - There are plenty of bright straight A students in that class. tooth decay (noun): the gradual process of the tooth going bad, sometimes caused by poor dental care and eating habits - Eating too many sweets and not brushing your teeth will cause tooth decay. straight (adverb): immediately or directly - I usually go straight home after work to have dinner with my family. stick-up (noun): a robbery where a gun is often used - Three men burst into the story and announced it was a stick-up, and they demanded that everyone get on the floor. stuff (verb): fill a space completely, often in a quick and careless manner - The shoplifter stuffed the stolen merchandise in his socks and pants before she left the store. good grief: an expression of disgust or surprise - Good grief! I can't believe your hiding your money. get worked up about something (idiom): become upset or emotional about something - There was nothing we could have done to stop the robber from taking our money, so we shouldn't get worked up about the theft. We just learn from the situation and move on. chit-chat (noun): informal conversation about unimportant or trivial matters - Be sure to read carefully the terms of the lease before you sign it because you will be bound to the agreement. cranky (adjective): easily annoyed or angered person - Our manager was very cranky this morning when he found out someone had stolen money from the cash register. keep someone on (idiom): allow someone to remain in a position - The company decided not to keep my boss on because he was somewhat responsible for not protecting merchandise from shoplifters. tow (verb): remove illegally parked vehicles - The police have warmed shoppers in the downtown area that if they park illegally, the they can expect to have their cars towed without notice. poor devil (noun): someone you feel sorry for - My roommate trashed our place while I was gone on vacation.