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Qatar General Electricity & Water Corporation (Kahramaa)

Contacts: Fahad Rashed al-Kaabi Manager, Water Projects, Tel: +974 4484 5317, Fax: +974 4484 5353 Ahmed al-Nasser, Head of Design, Electricity Projects, Tel: +974 4484 5111, Fax: +974 4484 5496

ABOUT:
Established in 2000, Kahramaas mandate is to operate the countrys electricity and water transmission and distribution system. With capital of QR8bn ($2.2bn), it earns income selling electricity and water to residential, commercial and industrial consumers. In 2002, it outsourced the production of electricity and water and Qatar Electricity & Water Company (QEWC)Qatar Petroleum (QP).docx took over some of this responsibility. Issa Hilal al-Kuwari is the president of the corporation.

SECTOR BACKGROUND:
Qatar launched its first independent water and power project ( IWPP), Ras Laffan A, in 2001. Since then, Kahramaa has awarded three more private projects, the Ras Laffan B IWPP, the Mesaieed independent power project (IPP) and the Ras Laffan C IWPP. In total, it has contracted 6,518MW of power and attracted investment of $7.8bn from the developer market. The investment has resulted in a rapid expansion of the transmission network with the number of high-voltage substations more than doubling between 2005 and 2011. As of 2011, Kahramaas overall transmission and distribution infrastructure comprised 4,000 kilometres of high-voltage overhead lines, 8,500km of cabling, 247 33-400kV substations and 10,500 11kV substations. The states private power programme is based on the single buyer model. Kahramaa purchases all the power and water output of the plants for a period of 25 years on a take-or-pay basis while Qatar Petroleum (QP) supplies the fuel. International developers are invited to tender for the post of foreign partner on new IWPPs, with the winning bidding consortium normally taking a 40 per cent stake in a project company. As of February 2012, IP-GDF Suez was the largest foreign developer in Qatar with equity capacity of 956MW. IPGDF Suez was formed following a merger between the UKs International Power (IP) and Frances GDF Suez in early-2011. The company holds a 40 per cent stake in Ras Laffan B through IP and a 20 per cent shareholding in Ras Laffan C through GDF Suez. Its nearest international rival was Japans Marubeni Corporation which holds a 40 per cent stake in the Mesaieed IPP. (QEWC) and, in most instances, QP, are automatically granted stakes in the project company. The former, in which the government maintains a minority stake, is the largest power and water generator in the state. Formed in 1990, it now owns 2,243MW of capacity in its own right at the Ras Abu Fontas complex and the Doha satellite stations, and a further 2,493MW of capacity through its interests in the four IWPPs and IPPs. As for QP, it holds equity capacity of 885MW in the private power market.

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Qatar has one of the Gulfs most active power transmission and distribution sectors, with QR30bn ($8.2bn) having been invested in upgrading and expanding infrastructure over the past five years. In the period 2005-11, Kahramaa proceeded with five further phases of the Qatar transmission programme as well as the Rayyan village project as it sought to accommodate increasing demand from the expanding population base. In an unprecedented period of project activity, it placed 53 engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts calling for the construction of 183 substations with total transformer capacity of 56,040MVA at a cost of QR29.5bn ($8.1bn). Overall, Qatar has budgeted for QR15bn ($4.1bn) to be spent over the next three years on electricity and water projects. Having won the bidding for the 2022 Fifa World Cup, Qatar is focused on ensuring that centrepiece infrastructure projects, including power and water, will be completed in time.

The existing and planned water transmission network

Source: Kahramaa

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PROJECTS:
Qatar's sure-footed IWPP expansion strategy is on course to deliver a sustained increase in desalinated water, with production due to rise from 290 million cubic metres a year (cm/y) in 2011 to 340 million cm/y by 2015. Investment in wastewater treatment facilities should also result in a substantial boost to water availability over the next five years. Treated wastewater output is likely to rise from 57 million cm/y in 2011 to 65 million cm/y by 2015. A further IWPP is said to be under consideration, and the country is also widening its technological horizons. A pilot reverse osmosis desalination plant is due to be built and Qatar is also considering using solar power to desalinate water. Power is required for industrial consumers at Ras Laffan, local domestic consumers and for the national grid using existing transmission lines. The current profile covers the Ras Laffan IWPP expansion, which will generate 4,200MW of electricity and 235 million gallons a day of desalinated water. Kahramaa is currently planning for the expansion of power transmission systems in the country. At the end of March 2012, it awarded 10 electricity contract packages covering 34 substations, including 24 new stations, double-circuit, high-voltage ground cables nearly 400km long and overhead lines of over 102km it envisages to be completed in 2015. Kahramaas network is set for further significant expansion, with the number of high-voltage substations forecast to rise by almost 50 per cent by 2016. This will be achieved through completion of the under-construction phase 10 programme and implementation of the planned phase 11. On phase 10, Kahramaa awarded 10 EPC substation packages, seven cabling contracts and a single overhead line package in 2011, as well as three consultancy contracts to Germanys Lahmeyer and PB Power and Mott MacDonald, both of the UK. In total, orders worth QR3.6bn ($1bn) were placed with the substations accounting for two-thirds of the work, and cabling and overhead line contracts for the remainder. The launch of phase 11 this year is to be implemented in two stages. The first calls for the construction of 30 substations and associated cables of 66-220kV. Awards are due in the third quarter of 2012. This will be followed in the fourth quarter with the planned issue of tender documents for the larger stage 2. It involves about 40 substations and cables ranging in size from 66kV to 400kV. This will require an investment of around $4.6bn, including desalination schemes. Kahramaa is also planning to spend another $6bn on water transmission and storage projects over the next 10 years.

Planned desalination projects


Date of planned Proposed Project Desalination plant expansion Kahramaa 318,000-410,000 2013/14 End client capacity (cm/d) commissionin g Status Developer selection awaited Expected to go for tender among developers in Facility D
na=not available Source: MEED Insight

Kahramaa

270,000-410,000

2016/17

2014/15

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Kahramaas 2012 transmission plans


Planned Contract Project Phase 11, stage 1 Power supply to QSTEC polysilicon plant DCC programme Third-party investigation Phase 11, stage 2
Source: Kahramaa

Planned date of awards Q3 2012 Q2 2012 Q2 2012 Q2 2012 Q2 2013 Scope Thirty substations and associated cables of 66-220kV Substation and cabling New DCC centre and extension to existing one Third-party investigation services About 40 substations and associated cables of 66-400kV

date of tendering Q1 2012 Q1 2012 Q1 2012 Q1 2012 Q4 2012

type Construction Construction Consultancy Consultancy Construction

PROJECTS UNDER EXECUTION AND PLANNED


Main contract Project name Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 8, six substations Estimated budget ($m) Status Consultant Mott MacDonald, Lahmeyer International, Energoprojekt Mott MacDonald, Energoprojekt, Lahmeyer International Mott MacDonald, Energoprojekt, Lahmeyer International MZ & Partners KEO International Consultants Energoprojekt GHD Global Parsons International Energoprojekt Main contractor award

700

Execution

Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 8, cables, packages C-1-1 and C-1-2 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 8, cables, packages C-1-3, C-2-2 and C3-4 Kahramaa, Musaimeer RPS and associated pipelines Kahramaa, South Doha reservoirs and associated pipelines Kahramaa, Qatar transmission phase 9, overhead lines Kahramaa, Duhail and Umm Qarn water stations Kahramaa, Gharrafa, West Bay, Salwa industrial and Bani Hajar, reservoirs and pipelines Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 9, substation package

200

Execution

Areva T&D National Contracting Company (NCC), National Contracting Company (NCC)

2008

2008

227 126

Execution Execution

104 225 210 85 800

Execution Execution Execution Execution Execution

ETA Star Hamad Bin Khaled Contracting Company Al-Waha Establishment for Contracting & Trading National Contracting Company (NCC) Habtoor Leighton Group Qatar Building Company Siemens, Hyosung Ebara

2008 2008

2009 2009 2009 2009 2009

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Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 9, cables package Kahramaa, Al-Wukair RPS and associated pipelines Kahramaa, replacement of primary and distribution networks at Doha, phase 3 Kahramaa, 66/11kV new Hitmi and Rayyan village substations Kahramaa, 66/11kV new Rayyan village cable package Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, power cables, packages C2, C6 and C7 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission phase 10, power cables, package C3 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, overhead lines package Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, substation, packages S1, S2 and S6 Kahramaa, extension of distribution network at Rawdat al-Hamam Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, substation packages S5 and S8 Kahramaa, Kahramaa Awareness Park Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, substation, packages S3, S4, S9 and S10 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, power cables, packages C1 and C5 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 10, power cables, packages C4 Kahramaa, Ras Laffan IWPP expansion QEWC, Ras Abu Fontas A2 (RAF A2) desalination plant Kahramaa, extension of water distribution mains and service connections Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 11, stage 1 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 11, stage 2 Kahramaa, water security mega-reservoirs Kahramaa, facility D IWPP

130 100 125 50 70

Execution Execution Execution Execution Execution

Energoprojekt KEO International Consultants Gulf Engineering & Industrial Consultancy Energoprojekt Entel Energoprojekt Entel Lahmeyer International, Energoprojekt Entel Parsons Brinckerhoff, Energoprojekt Entel Mott MacDonald, Energoprojekt Entel Mott MacDonald, Parsons Brinckerhoff, Energoprojekt Entel

Siemens, Mitsubishi Corporation Qatar Building Company Boom Construction Company ABB National Contracting Company (NCC) National Contracting Company (NCC) Larsen & Toubro Limited Kalpataru Power Transmission

2009 2010 2010 2010 2010

106 130 200

Execution Execution Execution

2011 2011 2011

350 32

Execution Execution

Larsen & Toubro Gulf House For Trade & Contracting Company

2011 2011

280 75

Execution Execution

Lahmeyer International, Energoprojekt Entel James Cubitt & Partners Lahmeyer International, Energoprojekt Entel Mott MacDonald, Lahmeyer International, Energoprojekt Entel Energoprojekt Entel

Hyosung Group Sinohydro Corporation

2011 2012

230

Execution

Siemens El-Sewedy (formerly Egytech Cables) LS Cables

2012

120 73 3,000 350 30 411 411 2,000 2,000

Execution Execution Main contract bid Main contract bid Main contract bid Study Study Design Study

2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2013

Artelia Group, Hyder Consulting

2013 2015

www.meed.com/insight

Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 9 Kahramaa, Qatar transmission, phase 8

2,000

Execution

2,800

Execution

Energoprojekt Mott MacDonald, Energoprojekt, Lahmeyer International

Source: MEED Projects

www.meed.com/insight