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DETERMINING THE SAMPLE SIZT TON A HYPOTHESIS TEST ABOUT A POPUIATION MEAN Assume &at a hypothesis test is to be conducted

about the value of a population mean. The level of significance specified by the user determines the probability of making a Type I error for the test. By controlling the sample size, the user can also control the probability of making a Type II error. Ho: o Hu: < o when is true and o. Note that the user's specified level of significance a determines the rejection region for the test. let c denote the critical value such that < c determines the rejection region for the test. With za indicating the z value corresponding to an area of a in the tail of the standard normal probability distribution, we compute c by using the following formula.

Now consider the sampling distribution in the lower part of Figure 9.16- Specifically, we have selected a value of the population mean, denoted by a, that corresponds to the case when Ho is false and Ha is true with a < o let us assume that the user specifies the probability of a Type II error that can be tolerated if the true population mean is a. This probability is shown as B in Figure 9.16. With zb indicating the z value corresponding to an area B in the tail of the standard normal probability distribution, we compute the critical value c by the following formula

DETERMINING THE SAMPLE SIZE FOR SPECIFIED LEVELS OF THE TYPE I (a) AND TYPE (B) ERRORS = +

To determine the required sample size, we first solve for the as follows.

( + ) ( )

Squaring both sides of the expression provides the following sample size formula for a one-tailed hypothesis test about a population mean.

Recommended Sample Size for a One-Tailed Hypothesis Test About a Population Mean ( + ) = ( ) Although the logic of equation (9-13) was developed for the hypothesis test shown in Figure 9.16, it holds for any one-tailed test about a population mean. Note that in a two-tailed hypothesis test about a population mean, za/2 used instead of za.

RESUME EKONOMETRIKA
Diajukan Guna Memenuhi Nilai Tugas Mata Kuliah Ekonometrika

DISUSUN OLEH ISMOYO MABRURRI RIZKY ANNISA M. RIFKI MUTTAQIN DIANA PUSPANINGTYAS 150610100006 150610100008 150610100017 150610100022

PROGRAM STUDI AGRIBISNIS FAKULTAS PERTANIAN UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN 2013