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# DETERMINING THE SAMPLE SIZT TON A HYPOTHESIS TEST ABOUT A POPUIATION MEAN Assume &at a hypothesis test is to be conducted

about the value of a population mean. The level of significance specified by the user determines the probability of making a Type I error for the test. By controlling the sample size, the user can also control the probability of making a Type II error. Ho: o Hu: < o when is true and o. Note that the user's specified level of significance a determines the rejection region for the test. let c denote the critical value such that < c determines the rejection region for the test. With za indicating the z value corresponding to an area of a in the tail of the standard normal probability distribution, we compute c by using the following formula.

Now consider the sampling distribution in the lower part of Figure 9.16- Specifically, we have selected a value of the population mean, denoted by a, that corresponds to the case when Ho is false and Ha is true with a < o let us assume that the user specifies the probability of a Type II error that can be tolerated if the true population mean is a. This probability is shown as B in Figure 9.16. With zb indicating the z value corresponding to an area B in the tail of the standard normal probability distribution, we compute the critical value c by the following formula

DETERMINING THE SAMPLE SIZE FOR SPECIFIED LEVELS OF THE TYPE I (a) AND TYPE (B) ERRORS = +

To determine the required sample size, we first solve for the as follows.

( + ) ( )

Squaring both sides of the expression provides the following sample size formula for a one-tailed hypothesis test about a population mean.

Recommended Sample Size for a One-Tailed Hypothesis Test About a Population Mean ( + ) = ( ) Although the logic of equation (9-13) was developed for the hypothesis test shown in Figure 9.16, it holds for any one-tailed test about a population mean. Note that in a two-tailed hypothesis test about a population mean, za/2 used instead of za.

RESUME EKONOMETRIKA
Diajukan Guna Memenuhi Nilai Tugas Mata Kuliah Ekonometrika

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