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UPSR ENGLISH MODULE

GaD IS
TOWARDS EXCELLENT 2012

Name :................................................................ Class :.................................................................


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PREFACE: English GaDIS Module is organized to give English teachers a method to teach English to the pupils. There are 4 activities that can be done in the classroom to tackle the problems arise in Paper 1 and Paper 2 in the UPSR examination.

The activities are: 1 to the pupils. GraD (Grammar in Development) -is a systematic way to teach grammar

DePic (Describing pictures) -is a useful guide for the pupils to choose the suitable type of answer according

to their ability.

ISi (Ideas and supporting ideas) -shows how pupils to write answers from given points.

4 pupils

StraW (Strategic Writing) -shows steps that should be taken by

PANEL MEMBERS

1. ENCIK EMMY JASMIN BIN HJ. OTHMAN SMK SERI PEKAN, PEKAN, PAHANG.

2. HAJAH NORAINI BINTI ZAHARUDIN SK TANAH PUTEH, PEKAN, PAHANG.

3. HAJAH ROSENI BINTI A. LATIF SK JAYA GADING , KUANTAN, PAHANG.

4. ENCIK MAZARUL ARIF BIN OSMAN SK PEKAN JAYA, PEKAN, PAHANG.

5. ENCIK PAWZI BIN MOHAMAD SK BELUKAR, KUANTAN, PAHANG.

6. PUAN NORAZINA BINTI MD. YUSOF SK SUNGAI ISAP MURNI, KUANTAN, PAHANG.

INSTRUCTIONS

1 a) b) c) d)

GraD Grammar in Development Teacher introduces the topics. Teacher gives notes and examples. Pupils make examples. Pupils answer questions from simple to complex: i. Choose the correct answer. ii. Fill in the blanks. iii. Construct sentences.

2 a) b) c)

DePic Describing Pictures Pupils study the pictures carefully. Pupils locate specific information. Pupils used guided words that they understand the meaning.

d)

Pupils used present and present continuous tense.

e)

Pupils choose the type of answer according to their ability.

3 a) b) c)

ISi Ideas Supporting Ideas Pupils identify the main ideas. Pupils give short and simple supporting ideas. Pupils write the answers systematically.

4 a)

StraW - Strategic Writing Pupils identify the tense/s by looking at the VERBS.

b) c) d) e)

Know the meaning of the words given. Construct sentences in BM. Translate the sentences to English. Check i grammar iv storyline ii spelling v paragraph iii punctuation

NOTE : Teachers are required to add more exercises to enhance pupils understanding. The panels hoped that this module will help the teachers to carry out effective classroom teaching and benefit the pupils in their self access learning.(SAL)

GraD Grammar in Development


Articles Adjectives Adverbs Antonyms Synonyms Nouns Wh Questions Preposition Conjunctions Tenses present, present cont, past, past cont, future

ADJECTIVES Definition: An adjective is describing word. It is used to tell something more about objects, people or animals (Noun) Examples : 1. Words used to describe people: Tall, short, kind, fair, ugly, fat

2. Words used to describe objects: Long, black, white, hard, square, soft

3. Words used to describe animals: Wild, tame, fierce, small, fast, huge

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- Mrs. Yong is a ____________ woman. She owns five houses. A B C D busy rich poor sad

2- Ahmad is wearing a _______________ shirt. A B C D friendly clumsy helpful new

3- The _____________ girl made her mother very angry. A B C D sad happy old rude

4- Our school will build a _______________ canteen next year. A B C D tall fierce new happy

5- Suzy had a very ________________ fever. A B C D tall high sad heavy

6- Fahim is very ______________. He always donates money to the orphanages. A B C generous tall short 8

huge

7- It is going to rain because the sky is ________________. A B C D dark bright clear warm

8- The school field is __________________ because there is no rain. A B C D neat dry small wild

9- You are such a ________________ boy, Puan Alia said to Bala. A B C good best better

10- Faris listens to his parents. He is polite and ________________. A B C D talkative naughty obedient rude

Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. handsome beautiful poor clear rough friendly easy fat expensive huge

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1- The _________________ woman lives in a small house.

2- The __________________ girl could not run fast.

3- The parrot is a _________________ bird.

4- Puan Zakiah wore an _______________ necklace.

5- The __________________ boy spoke to everyone at the party.

6- You can see many stars on a ________________ night.

7- One must drive carefully on a __________________ road.

8- This sum is _________________.

9- Anis brother is __________________.

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10. An elephant is a _________________ animal.

Exercise 3 Construct sentences by adding adjectives. Examples : car - road Simple sentences Compound sentences Complex sentences : The old car is on the road. : The old and small car is on the road. : The old blue and small car which was parked by the road belongs to Mr. Shabby.

1-

I - ate - fried rice

2- Faris searched - keys

3- They sat - porch

4- Doctor cleaned - wounds 12

5- Syiffa parked - bicycle

6- Fahim washed - car

7- plumber repaired - pipe

8- Mary wrote - letter

9- We went - movie

10- The deer jumped water

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___________________________________________________________________________

ADVERBS Definition : An adverb : 1- adds something to the meaning of a verb. Example : - My mother spoke angrily. - The soldiers fought bravely. 2- Tells us how an action is done. Example : - He sings sweetly. - The dog barked loudly.

3- Tells us when and action is done. Examples : - Do it now. - Bring your books tomorrow. 4- Tells us where an action is done. Examples : - The bus stop here. - The child looked up. 5- Tells us how often an action is done. Examples : - I never go to the cinema. - He always goes to school late.

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Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- Alia trains very hard. That is why she can run ____________ fast. A C B D much more very too

2- The express bus was moving _______________ when I arrived at the bus station. A B C D slow away quick faster

3- The children went to the playground _______________. A B C good often seldom 15

everywhere

4- The dog barked _______________ and woke everyone up in the house. A B C D soundly quietly loudly softly

5- When the game started, the pupils cheered ______________. A B C D sadly quickly hurriedly excitedly

6- The old woman walked _______________ because she was tired. A B C D slow slowly slower slowed

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7- Amira tripped over a stone because she ran _______________ fast. A B C D too only how much

8- The girls sang ___________ and won the competition. A B C D prettily quietly sweetly gracefully

9- Razwan is a hardworking boy. He _______________ forgets to do his homework. A B C D often never always usually

10- Ah Boon is determined to pass his UPSR. Thats why he is studying _______________ . A B hard never 17

C D

rarely seldom

Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. (adverbs)

soundly gently

hungrily soon

quickly bravely

sweetly never

seldom regularly

1- The soldier fought _____________________ in the war.

2- The children are sleeping _____________________ in the bedroom.

3- Sharif ran home _____________________ because he missed the bus.

4- The pupils ate _____________________ because they were dismissed late from class.

5- Sally and Juliza will be ready to leave _____________________.

6- Encik Zamri _____________________ smokes. He says that smoking is bad for health. 18

7- The nurse _____________________ dressed the patients wound.

8- My grandfather was much better after taking the medicine_____________________.

9- Ning Baizura sings_____________________ doesnt she?

10- The boy is very stubborn. He _____________________ listens to his mother.

Exercise 3 Construct sentences. Examples : Simple sentences : Siti is reading loudly. Compound sentences Complex sentences reading loudly. : Siti and Salmah are reading loudly. : Siti and Salmah who are sitting on the chairs are

1-

She - sweetly

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2-

mother - shouted - angrily

3-

dances - gracefully

4-

Zarina - Fatimah - crept - quietly

5-

cat - dog - fight - soon

6-

Chong Wei - always - badminton -

tennis

7-

girl - who - gracefully - Sarah

8-

pencil - which - here - gone

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9-

cow - which - horns - grazing - field - now

10-

need - umbrella - because -

soon

ANTONYMS DEFENITION EXAMPLES: No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 absent easy big near clean east here false 21 Antonyms present difficult easy far dirty west there true A word which is opposite in meaning to another

9 10

polite rough

rude smooth

EXERCISE 1: MCQ: Choose the word that has the opposite meaning as the underlined word. 1. Her fever is getting better. A. well B. worse C. bad D. good

2. The twins have different taste in colour but the _______ taste in music. A. right B. same C. wrong D. unlike

3. The food and drinks at the new restaurant are very reasonable. A. expensive B. cheap C. affordable D. low-priced

4. Tonys house is near Lindas house but ______________ from the school. A. far B. next 22

C. close D. opposite

5. His grandfather has an ancient vase in his house. A. antique B. old C. new D. old-fashion

6. My sister, Ayuni likes to eat chocolate that taste bitter. A. sour B. salty C. spicy D. sweet

7. Faezahs curly hair becomes ___________ when it is wet. A. fair B. wavy C. spiky D. straight

8. Rina is weak because she does not exercise. Her sister is _________ because she exercises every day. A. healthy B. feeble C. strong D. pretty

9. After being taken care by the nurse, the sickly patient became ________________ 23

A. lively B. noisy C. healthy D. energetic

10. The weather on the hill used to be cool but now it is ______________ A. hot B. dry C. cold D. warm

EXERCISE 2 Fill in the blanks with the correct words. small heavy blunt shallow found selfish narrow close cruel never

1. Baharom lost his bag. His friend, Shuhada ___________ it behind the cupboard. 2. The newspaper is light but the thick book is _______________. 3. The _____________ box is on the shelf but the big box is on the floor. 4. Please open the windows but ___________ the doors. 5. Be careful with this knife because it is sharp. You can hold the scissors, it is _______ 6. The kind lady is loved by the children but they hate the ___________ stepmother. 7. It is dangerous to swim in the deep water so you can swim in the ___________water.

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8. This path is _______ but the road is broad. 9. Govinda always visits his uncle but he ___________ sees his aunt. 10. Cikgu Murni is a generous lady. She always donates to the poor but Haji Bakhil is _________, he does not like to give money to others.

EXERCISE 3: CONSTRUCT SENTENCES

e.g 1. Lisa prepared food kitchen delicious tastless

Simple Compound Complex

: Lisa prepared some delicious food in the kitchen. : Lisa and her mother prepared some delicious food in the kitchen. : Lisa and her mother who were in their aprons prepared same delicious food for their family in the kitchen.

2.

prefects decorated stage hall beautifully

hardworking lazy

_____________________________________________________________________

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3.

customers drinks waiter

cold

hot

____________________________________________________________________

4.

mechanic repairs cars workshop

old

new

___________________________________________________________________

5.

children listen story

happy

sad

___________________________________________________________________

6.

girls tied shoelaces steps

long

short

___________________________________________________________________

7.

children build sandcastles beach

big

small

___________________________________________________________________

8.

patients waiting doctor hall

healthysickly

__________________________________________________________________

9.

pupils dusting mopping classroom

dirty

clean

_________________________________________________________________

10.

man wife queued buy tickets counter

pretty

ugly

_________________________________________________________________ 26

ARTICLES Definition: The Indefinite Articles: A, An A and An are used when we refer to a thing for the first time or when we do not mean a specific thing. Examples: A book refers to any book. An orange refers to any orange. 1. A is used with words beginning with consonant sounds such as a street, a diary, a calculator, a bottle, a beautiful angle, a sweet orange and a loyal employee.

2. A is used with words like uniform, European,university,union because they begin with the consonant sound Y

3. An is used with words beginning withvowel sounds such as an answer, an egg, an island, an owl, an umbrella, an angry bird, an English man.

4. An is also used with words like hour, honest, heir because they begin with vowel sounds, hour and honest begin with the o sound whereas heir begins with the e sound.

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The Definite Article: The 1- The is called a definite article because it is used to refer to a specific thing. Examples: The book over there refers to one specific book. The orange tastes sour refers to a specific orange.

2- The is also used: -before a Singular Noun representing a whole class Example: The elephant is a huge animal. -before an Adjective representing a whole class Example: The young must be taught manners. -before a noun which is the only one of its kind Example: the world, the sea, the stars, the Prime Minister -before names of certain seas,mountains,rivers etc. Example: The Hilmalayan Mountains, The South China Sea, The Pahang River -before adjectives in the Superlative form Example: the tallest girl, the most beautiful lady, the easiest questions 28

-before names of the following countries The United States, The Republic of China, The Tioman Island UNDERLINE THE CORRECT ANSWERS 1. (A, The) orang utan which escaped from the zoo was recaptured. 2. The giraffe has(a, the) very long neck. 3. I waited for (a,an) hour before the bus arrived. 4. The farmer picked up (a,an) handful of soil. 5. (A,The) moon shines brightly in the sky. 6. I bought (a, an) apple and five oranges. 7. There was (a,the) heavy storm this afternoon. 8. There is not much sugar left in(an,the) bowl. 9. He caught (a,an) butterfly with a net. 10. The sun sets in ( an,the) west.

CIRCLE THE CORRECT ANSWERS 1. My sister is going out in __________hours time. A a B an C D the 2. He had milo, bread and__________egg for breakfast. A a B C an 29

D the

3. Let us walk outside and watch__________stars. Aa B C an D the 4. There was _________cobra on that tree just now. A a B C an D the 5. _______bus left two hours ago. A A B An C D The 6. My uncle is ___________lawyer in town. A a B C an D the

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7.

I have ________friend who lives in Singapore. A a B C an D the

8. My mother gave me _______slice of pineapple. A B a C an D the 9. The guard caught_________thief last night. A B a C an D the 10. There was no electricity in ________apartment last weekend. A a B an C D the

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SENTENCE CONSTRUCTIONS Ali - new watch Simple -Ali wears a new watch.

Compound- Ali has a new watch and a wallet. Complex - Ali who is my classmate has a new watch and also an expensive wallet.

1. Suzy big box cupboard

2. My father policeman mother artist

3. mechanic repaired- car

4.

grandmother teacher small town

5. poor family lives old wooden house

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6. Many children classes reading books

7. cats mice kitchen

8. Zarina- necklace-ring

9. victims community hall six days

10. -chairs-desks classroom

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CONJUNCTIONS DEFINITION : A conjunction is a linking word. We use conjunctions to join words, phrases and sentences together. EXAMPLES : and if but because although either..........or so neither.........nor therefore or

MCQ Circle the correct answer. 1. It is a hot day___________ I need an umbrella. A. so B. or C. if D. and

2. I cant come _____________ I am not well. A. and B. but C. because D. if 34

3. She has red _______________ blue ribbons in her hair. A. but B. and C. because D. if

4. Animals ______________ plants are living things. A. or B. if C. and D. but

5. Is your cat black ______________ white? A. if B. so C. or D. and

6. Choose one of the two. You can _______________ take this one ______________ that one. A. either, or B. neither, nor C. either, nor D. neither, or 35

7. It is very warm in here. _______________ I do not need to wear my coat. A. but B. and C. therefore D. although

8. _______________ the boys were tired, they continued to climb up the mountain. A. so B. but C. although D. therefore

9. ___________ Jenny __________ Yoke Chen wants to mop the floor. They both dislike housework. A. either, nor B. neither, nor C. either, or D. neither, or

10. My grandfather eats a lot _________ he is thin. A. or B. if C. but D. and 36

Fill in the blanks. and so if although because either......or therefore neither......nor but or

1. The boys enjoyed the match ________________ the girls did not.

2. We were thirsty ____________ we bought some drinks.

3. ____________ Najim ____________ Hwa Tai was in the room now.

4. Plants are important ____________ they give us oxygen.

5. We could continue with our expedition _____________ most of us were exhausted.

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6. Those wild animals are dangerous _____________ nobody is allowed to feed it.

7. Tony had nasi lemak ____________ a glass of syrup for lunch.

8. You can have _________ milo __________ horlick. You cannot have both.

9. _____________ Im rich, I can sponsor you some money.

10. Shida, which one do you like cakes ____________ biscuits?

Construct sentences. 1. Ali Abu canteen (and) __________________________________________________________________

2. Zali thin brother fat (but) __________________________________________________________________

3. -rains children football (although) 38

__________________________________________________________________

4. study hard good marks (so) _________________________________________________________________

5. win competition get RM100 (If) _________________________________________________________________

6. Azlan absent sick (because) _________________________________________________________________

7. Rama Ahmad camping (either or) _________________________________________________________________

8. Suzana sister won game (neither nor) _________________________________________________________________

9. -pupils late scolded teachers (therefore) _________________________________________________________________

10. She takes taxi bus town (or) _________________________________________________________________

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NOUNS

Nouns are words which name persons, animals, places, objects and ideas. * A person : Zain is a teacher. They walk to school yesterday. * An animal : The lion came after them. The giraffe is a tall animal. * A place : Malaysia is a beautiful country. Ill meet you at the canteen afterwards. * An object : I found a pen under my table. Please pass me the book. * An idea : He gave us a good advice. My patience was tested during the heavy traffic jam.

Nouns

Common Singular and plural

Proper Upper and lower cases

Possessive s, s and of the

Collective People, animals, things and plants.

Abstract

Compound words

Countable and uncountable


Gender

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Singular and Plural Nouns

i ii

Nouns that stand for one person, thing, animal or place are called singular nouns. Nouns that stand for more than one person, thing, animal or place are called plural nouns.

Examples : Singular eraser bus mango fly Plural erasers buses mangoes flies

iii

Plural nouns are formed by :

a.

Adding s hen cinema table barber hens cinemas tables barbers

b.

Adding es to nouns ending in s , ss , sh , ch , x brush glass bush watch fox 41 brushes glasses bushes watches foxes

c.

Adding es to some nouns ending in o hero heroes mango mangoes

d.

Adding s to nouns ending in o radio radios photo photos

e.

Adding ies to nouns ending in y fly flies lady ladies

f.

Adding s to some nouns ending in y key keys boy boys

g.

Changing f or fe into ves leaf leaves wife wives

h.

Adding s to some nouns ending in f or fe roof roofs chief chiefs

i.

Changing the inside vowels man foot bacterium men feet bacteria woman tooth datum women teeth data

j.

Some nouns use the same word for both singular and plural sheep information sheep information furniture traffic furniture traffic

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k.

Some nouns can only be used in the plural form shorts mathematics spectacles scissors news clothes wages

l.

Adding e or en alga child algae children larva ox larvae oxen

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Nouns which can be counted are called countable nouns.

Examples : Men, elephants, marbles and bridges can be counted

ii

Nouns which cannot be counted are called uncountable nouns

Examples : Rice, flour, milk and sand cannot be counted

iii

Words which are used with countable nouns are : ( a, an, a few, many, several, a large number of, a small number of )

Examples : a ball an aeroplane a few people 43 several kids a large number of trees a small number of participants

many tables iv Words which are used with uncountable nouns are : ( a little, much, a large amount of, a small amount of )

Examples : a little dust much sugar a large amount of flour a small amount of milk

Words which can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns are : ( some, any, plenty of, a lot of )

Examples : Countable Nouns some apples any chairs plenty of books a lot of people Uncountable Nouns some soil any electricity plenty of oil a lot of smoke

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Gender of nouns

i ii iii

Gender is a distinction of sex. It tells whether a person or an animal is a male or female. Gender in grammar comes under four headings.
2. Feminine gender Denotes the female sex.

1. Masculine gender Denotes the male sex.

Gender of nouns
3. Common gender Denotes either sex. 4. Neuter gender Denotes things without life or sex.

Proper Nouns i ii Proper Nouns are specific names of people, places, things or animals. They must be in capitalized.

Examples : People Razak Place - Kuala Kangsar

Thing - Proton Satria Animal - Browny ( cat

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Possessive Nouns

A noun that shows possession is called a possessive noun.

The cover of the pan. The noun pan is non living. The words of the are used with such nouns to show possession.

ii

Possessive nouns can be formed in the following ways : a. Adding an apostrophe s ( s ) to singular and plural nouns which do not end in s.

Examples : boys childrens Jennys monkeys

The boys watch is expensive. These are the childrens shoes. This is Jennys ring. It is the monkeys tail. I shall meet her in an hours time. Next weeks appointment has been cancelled.

b. Adding an apostrophe ( ) to plural nouns which end in s.

Examples : tigers girls

Tigers teeth are very sharp. The girls dresses are soiled. 46

c. Using of the with things that are non living.

Examples : The tyres of the car are punctured. A leg of the table is broken.

Collective Nouns

They are nouns which refer to collections or groups of persons, things or animals.

Examples : Animals : a pride of lions a pack of wolves a shoal of fish People : a troupe of dancers a field of runners a bevy of ladies Plants : a clump of trees a tuft of grass a cluster of coconuts Objects : a string of pearls a collection of pictures a group of islands

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Abstract Nouns

i Abstract nouns are names of things we cannot see or touch ( quantities, conditions, actions and ideas. )

Examples : angry love laughter kindness hunger joy bravery knowledge punishment fear

I got really angry with her. As we approached the hall we could hear laughter. They were awarded medals for their remarkable bravery. The owner claims the car was being used without his knowledge.

Compound words

i Two words of different meaning when combine together to form a new word with new meaning.

Examples : sun neck class + + + flower tie room = = = sunflower necktie classroom 48

teapot

sunlight

grandfather

blackboard

1. Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.

hunger kingdom

illness sickness

freedom advice

kindness marriage

In the castle, there lived a king and a queen. They were happy to have a beautiful princess. Their happiness did not last long. The princess felt sick. Her ____________ could not be cured. His Prime Minister advised him to bring the princess to a jungle. The king followed his ____________. In the jungle they met with a hungry wolf. It was weak with ____________. The princess gave the wolf some food and kiss it on its head. The wolf was actually a prince. Immediately he was free from his spell. He gained his ____________ and repaired the princess ____________ by curing her of her ____________. They then got married and live happily ever after. The bad witch was very angry with their ____________ and ran away to another ____________.

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- Mother arranged the flowers in the _____________ and put it on the table. A C basin sink 49

B D

vase pail

2- The gardener is cutting the long grass along the fence with a ____________. A B C D pliers spade rake sickle

3- A ____________ is used to tighten up nuts and screws. A B C D spanner stapler spike string

4- I use a ____________ when I go out in the dark at night. A B C D lighthouse torchlight radio knapsack

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5- The scouts put their food and clothes in their ______________ and carry them on their backs. A B C luggage tents knapsacks

6- Before he goes jogging, Fahim puts on a pair of _________________.

A B C D

spectacles gloves sneakers earrings

7- Please switch on the _____________. It is warm inside the room. A B C D fan radio light phone

8- Assyifa pounded the chillies with _____________ before frying them. A stones 51

B C D

pestle and mortar blender needles

9- The firemen joined the hose to the ___________ to get water to put out the fire. A B C D tap hydrant kettle sink

10- The ____________ is the hard part of the foot of certain animals like cows. A B C heel hoof claw

2. Look at the map carefully. Describe your camping trip to your friends. Underline the correct nouns to complete your description. Rewrite the story.

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On the 25th of March, I went on a camping ( journey / trip / walks ) with my ( team / classmates / cat ). We left our ( house / schools / school ) at 8 a.m. and walk through a ( parks / jungles / jungle ). At 10.15 a.m., we reached ( Pak Tams Orchard / Mek Longs Nursery / the orchards ). We met ( Pak Long / Pak Longs / Pak Longs ) we ate some ( fruit / fruits / foods ) and rested. Then, we continued our journey. We reached a ( waterfalls / cave / waterfall ) at 11.30 a.m. we swam for about an hour. We camped there and cooked ( sardines / woods / fruits ) for lunch. After lunch, we rested and played some ( game / games / firewood ). The next day, we packed our ( house / thing / things ) and started our journey back at 9 a.m. We walked through a ( oil palm estates / paddy fields / rubber estate ) and reached ( home / house / homes ) about 11.40 a.m.

A Picnic Trip

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PREPOSITION 54

DEFINITION: They are usually used before nouns or pronouns. They show position, direction and time. after, in, under, into, of, on, to, up, upon, with, between, by, down, above, over, from, for, during, before, across, against, behind, since, until, about, at, through, till EXAMPLE: 1. I went to her house on Friday. 2. My brother has come home from school. 3. Your uncle walks to the post office. 4. Kamal and Taufiq share their money among themselves. 5. The monkeys are climbing up the tree.

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- The horse is eating __________ its stable. A B C D in on under along

2- The boys decided to go fishing _________ the river. A B C D over on beside around

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3- The group of athletes marched _____________ the stadium. A B C D onto into over away

4- Lilys house is ______________ Jamals house. A B C D in front of along among across

5- Marianti could not find the umbrella because it was _____________ the door. A B C D under behind between across

6- The dog jumps ____________ the fence. A B C D over into on behind 56

7- Daniel received a present ____________ his parents. A B C D by with from at

8- The teachers are meeting ____________ the staff room. A B C D at in above against

9- Alias is travelling _________ plane from Kuala Lumpur to Johor Bharu. A B C D on in by with

10- Wan Azli goes jogging __________ the morning. A B C D in at on during

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Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. on in since with for through over along under between

1. Fazleen bought the pen ___________ RM 2.50. 2. There is a bird flying ____________ the shady tree. 3. We saw a light ____________ a distance. 4. I went to the carnival ____________ my cousins. 5. The train travels ______________ the tunnel. 6. Stick the stamp _____________ the envelop. 7. If you walk ____________ this road, you will reach the market. 8. The labourer has been working ____________ 8 oclock in the morning. 9. The little boy is playing hide and seek. He is lying __________ the bed. 10. Azeem sits ___________ Syarif and Yusmizan.

Exercise 3 Construct sentences. Examples : Simple sentences : Siti was sitting on the chair.

Compound sentences : Siti was sitting on a chair near the wall. Complex sentences : Siti was sitting on a wooden chair near the brick wall. 58

1-

Syafiq and I sit bench (on)

2- Roslina stopped florist buy flowers (by)

3-

theif climbed window ( through)

4-

keep books cupboard (in)

5- Hazlin put - ladder wall (against)

6-

Mustaqeem jumped river (across)

7- My grandfather walks park evening (around)

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8-

Lily puts blue dress went wedding (to)

9-

bus arrived terminal 6 oclock (at)

10- boy fell tree broke arm (from)

PRONOUNS

Table of Pronouns

Personal

Personal

Possessive

Possessive 60

Reflexive

Demonstrative

Pronouns (Subject) I You

Pronouns (Object) Me You

Adjectives

Pronouns

Pronouns

Pronouns

My Your

Mine Yours

Myself Yourself Yourselves

This (singular) These (plural)

He She It We They

Him Her It Us Them

His Her Its Our Their

His Hers Ours Theirs

Himself Herself Itself Ourselves Themselves

That (singular) Those (plural)

Definition:

Personal Pronouns

A Personal Pronoun is used to replace the names of people, animals, plants or objects. They are used as subjects or objects. Personal Pronouns (Subject) are normally located at the beginning of the sentences while Personal Pronouns (Object) are normally located after verbs and prepositions.

Examples :

We (subject) invited him (object) to the party.

They (subject) asked them (object) to practice hard. Possessive Pronouns

Possessive Pronouns show belonging. They replace possessive noun phrases. They are normally located at the beginning or at the end of the sentences.

Examples: This book belongs to me. It is mine. Those shoes are theirs. 61

Hers is dirtier than mine.

Possessive Adjectives.

Possessive Adjectives are used to show possession. They must be followed by nouns.

Examples: That is her doll. This is his pen.

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns are used to show that action is done by the doer (subject) on himself / herself.

Examples: I fell down and hurt myself. We did the work by ourselves.

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns are used to point out things.

Examples: This is a beaver. Those are my spectacles.

1. Fill in the blanks with words given.

They

She

We

It

you

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1.

Mrs Leong is going to the market. _______ wants to buy some vegetables.

2. The children are not at home. _______ went to the playground.

3. Jamil and I are classmates. _______ walk to school together.

4. " ________ am going camping next week," Mina tells her friend, Azrina.

5. The dog is in the kennel. _______ is sleeping.

6. " I dropped by your house yesterday. _______ were not in," said Leela.

2. Circle the correct answer. 1. My brother and I share a bicycle. It is ________ A. ours B. his C. theirs

2.

The book was _______. He promised to lend it to me. A. her B. his C. their

3.

Look at the toy horse. It belongs to Sandy. It is ______. A. hers B. mine C. your

4.

That bag is ______. I bought it in Hong Kong. A. hers B. mine C. your

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5.

My sister did not take the dress. It was not ________. A. us B. hers C. me

6.

My grandmother told me to wash the shoes. They were _______. A. his B. mine C. her

7.

I made __________________ a kite. A. herself B myself C himself

8.

The skirt ____________ looked nice but it was too loose for her. A it B itself C Its D her

9. My parents are going to Lembah Bujang next week. ________ are visiting my aunt there. A They B I C We D Them

10. Athirah reminded Faris to bring the dictionary but _______ still forgot to do so. A her B he C she D they

3. Rewrite the sentences.

1- Uncle Lim is a lawyer. ( He )

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2- My mother cooks curry in the kitchen. ( She )

3- My family and I are going for a picnic next week. ( We )

4-

Tan and Peter play congkak under the big shady tree. ( They )

5- The cat sleeps in the basket in front of the cupboard. ( It )

6- The girls dance gracefully on the stage. ( They )

7- The children are playing football at the playground. ( They )

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8- An old man is crossing the road with his grandson. ( He )

9-

My aunty is sleeping in the room near the window. ( She )

10- My friend and I are swimming in the river behind our house. ( We )

SYNONYMS Definition: A synonym is a word which has the same meaning as another.

Examples : Catch 66 Capture

Animal Big Correct Close Conversation Bright Blank Old Thief

Beast Large Right Shut Talk Shining empty Ancient Burglar

Exercise 1 Choose the word that has the same meaning as the word in bold. 1- The country was ruled by powerful king. A B C cruel strong stubborn

2- The soldiers fought bravely in the war. A B C match battle tournament

3- There is a boat under the bridge. 67

A B C

beside between below

4- The old beggar is very weak. A B C strong feeble tired

5- The boy is always lazy. A B C impolite idle super

6- It is a rather dull day. A B C gloomy cloudy hot

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7- We must study hard for the examination. A B C memorized learn remember

8- The scouts camped at the foot of the hill. A B C below bottom side

9- My brother is lean and tall. A B C high thin skinny

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10- Faris seldom comes here. A B C always rarely never

Exercise 2 Replace the word in the bracket with the same meaning. 1- Faris is a ______________________ boy. ( intelligent )

2- The elephant is ___________________. ( huge )

3- The road is _________________ . ( broad )

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4- The room is ___________________. ( empty )

5- Suzana _____________________ to the music. ( listen )

6- The soldier ____________________ the country. ( guard )

7- The _________________ lives in the castle. ( emperor )

8- The ____________________crept into the room quietly. ( burglar )

9- The questions were _________________ for the students. ( difficult )

10. My sister is ______________________. ( pretty )

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WH Questions Definition: Question words are words that begin questions. They are what, when, how,

whose, whom, who, where, why and which. 1- What is used to ask about things, people and ideas. Example : - What did you buy at the stall? I bought some sweets. - What is your father? He is a policeman. - What do you think about the game? It is interesting. 2- When is used to ask about time. Example : - When you were born? I was born in 1989.

3- How is used to ask about people, event, amount, number and the way things are done. Examples : - How do you build the hut? I built it by myself. - How much is this cake? It is RM10 a piece.

4- Whose is used to ask about possession of things. Example : - Whose pencil is this? It is mine.

5- Whom is used to ask about people ( as object of verbs). Example : - Whom did you talk to just now? I talked to my wife just now.

6- Who is used to ask about people (as subjects Examples : - Who took my bag? Fitri took it.

7- Where is used to ask about places. Example : - Where are you now? Im at the office.

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8- Why is used to ask about reason or purpose. Example : - Why is the dog barking? It is barking at the burglar.

9- Which is used to ask about people, animals and things but of a limited choice. Examples : - Which one is your son? The boy with a red cap.

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- ____________ is that man? He is my headmaster. A C B D Who What Where Whom

2- _______________ did you put the book? I put it in my bag. A C B D Who What Where Whom

3- _______________ told you the news? A C B D Who What Where Whom

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4- _______________ of these books do you want to buy? A C B D Who When Which Whom

5- ______________ colour is your bag? A C B D Who What Where Whom

6- _______________ computer is this? A C B D Who Whose Which Whom

7- _______________ did you meet yesterday? I met my former teacher. A C Why What 74

B D

Where Whom

8- ___________ does she usually go to school? She goes there at 7 a.m. A C B D Why What When Whom

9- _______________ is your father? He is fine now. A C B D How Why Where Whom

10- _______________ is the lady crying? A C B D Why How Which Whom

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Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers.

What Which

Who Whom

When Where

Why Whose

How Whom

1- _____________________ old is your father?

2- _____________________ will the train leave?

3- _____________________ are you so angry?

4- _____________________ have you been?

5- _____________________ shoes are these?

6- _____________________ shall I give the paper to?

7- _____________________ is your pets name?

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8- _____________________ motorcycle did you ride just now?

9- _____________________ is that girl running towards Ahmad .

10- _____________________ were you sing the lovely song to? .

DePic Describing Pictures


77

DePic Describing pictures DePic - Sample answer

Simple and direct sentences 1. A girl is riding a bicycle. 2. Some pupils are walking. 3. A woman is talking. 4. Two men are jogging. 5. A woman is holding a flower pot. 78

Compound and complex sentences 1. Siti who has a pony tail is riding her bicycle with her younger sister, Sarah. 2. Some pupils who are wearing their school uniforms are walking back from school. 3. Puan Maznah who is wearing a headscarf is talking to Mrs.Raja near the car. 4. Peter who has a small towel around his neck is jogging with his friend, Sam around the neighbourhood. 5. Mrs.Tan who is holding a flower pot is gardening in front of her house.

DePic - Exercise 1

birthday beautiful

table cake

friends blow

clap sing

happy sweets

1.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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3.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

5.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

DePic - Exercise 2

having wonderful

beach lunch

riding sister

mother sandcastle

horse mat

1.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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3.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

5.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

DePic - Exercise 3

cleaned helped

wheel burrow cooperation

shears rake

collected boots

rubbish truck

1.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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3.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

5.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

DePic - Exercise 4

family apron

busy sew

preparing grandmother

kitchen wearing

bake curtain

1.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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3.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

5.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

DePic - Exercise 5

queuing food

holding dropped

floor noodles

prefect canteen operator

recess buy

1.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

2.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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3.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

4.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

5.____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

ISi Ideas Supporting Ideas


84

Isi Ideas and Supporting Ideas

Genius Children

Wonder Robot

Join In

Price

RM 16.00

RM 10.00

RM 5.00

Type

Story book

Comic

Magazine

Suitable for

Primary and secondary school students

Primary school pupils

Primary and secondary school students

Author

Phelp Collins

Ahmad Adib

C.T. Lim

Available at

Mardani Store

Suria Bookshop 85

all bookstores

Price Idea RM 16.00

Type Storybook

Suitable for Primary and secondary school students

Author Phelp Collins

Available at Mardani Store

Supporting Ideas

Reasonable and affordable

I like/ interesting

Can share with my siblings

Favourite

Near my house

(a) You want to buy a book. Based on the information given, which book would you buy ? Give reasons for your choice.

SIMPLE AND DIRECT

I would buy Genius Children because it is RM 16.00. It is a storybook. It is suitable for secondary and primary school students. The author is Phelp Collins. It is available at Mardani Store. ( 2 3 marks )

COMPOUND AND COMPLEX 86

I would buy Genius Children because it is RM 16.00. It is reasonable and affordable. It is a storybook. I like it because it is interesting. It is suitable for secondary and primary school students. I can share it with my siblings. The author is Phelp Collins. He is my favourite. It is available at Mardani Store. It is near my house and I can go there to buy it.

[4 - 5 marks]

Isi Exercise 1

Type

Taxi

Train

Bus

Fare

RM 100

RM 25

RM 20 toilet, television

Facilities

radio

toilet, caf, television

Duration

2 hours

4 hours

3 hours

Stops

Anywhere

at three stations

three stops

Space

limited

ample

limited

Idea

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Supporting Ideas

a) You would like to visit your grandparents in Ipoh. Which form of transport would you choose to go to Ipoh? Give reasons for your choice.

I would go by _________________________ because ______________________

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Isi Exercise 2

Hockey

Basketball

Badminton

Type of game

Outdoor games in the field

Outdoor games at the court

indoor in the school hall a racquet and

Place a hockey stick and Things need a ball Number of players Time to play 5.00 p.m.-7.00 p.m. 5.30 p.m.-6.30 p.m. 4.30 p.m.-5.30 p.m. 22 players 10 players a basketball shuttlecocks 2 or 4 players

Idea

89

Supporting Ideas

2.(b) You want to join for a game. Based on the information given, which game would you choose ? Give reasons for your choice.

I would choose ________________________________ because ______________________

90

Isi exercise 3 Elephant Sanctuary Monday Friday Time and day 9 a.m. 5 p.m. RM 3 entrance fee Deer Farm Daily 8 a.m. 5 p.m. Free admission Campsite provided, chalets and restaurant available Feed and pat the deer, trek in open woodland, Crocodile Farm Tuesday Thursday 2 p.m. 5 p.m. RM 5 entrance fee

Fee

Picnic huts available, Facilities No accommodation Ride the elephant, feed them, Activities bath and scrub them in the river Respect elephants, learn how to handle them

No accommodation, KFC outlet available Watch a crocodile show, ride a trishaw around the farm, learn about reptiles and their goodness to the environment

Benefits

Learn about deer feeding

Idea

91

Supporting Ideas

(a) Your family planned to go for a family outing. Based on the information given, which place would you suggest to them?Give reasons for your choice.

I would suggest the _____________________ because__________________

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ISi Exercise 4

Beef Burger Type of Meat beef

Fried Chicken chicken

Fish and Chips tuna fish

Side Dish

a packet of fries

potato wedges

vegetable salad

Free Drink

soft drink

carbonated drink

hot drink

Price Time Available

RM4.00 10.00 a.m. 10.00 p.m.

RM4.50 11.00 a.m. 10.00 p.m.

RM5.50 09.00 a.m. 10.00 p.m.

Idea

Supporting Ideas 93

(b)

You and your family are going for lunch. Which meal would you choose ? Give reasons for your choice.

I would choose the _______________________ because ________________

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StraW Strategic Writing

95

PRESENT TENSE DEFINITION Examples: 1. I am Anisah. I am a Year Six student. 2. Alia has a new pet cat. 3. Mrs Lee teaches English in my school. 4. The boy plays football at the field every Thursday. 5. Suhana does her homework in the evening. Sub-table: I You Ali Siti He She The boy Ali and Siti They We The boys It am are is have have has do do does walk walk walks to show regular actions and state facts or universal truths

are is

have have

do does

walk walks

Exercises 1: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS. Circle the correct answer. 1. Puan Nor ___________ her jacket on a cold day. 96

A. wear B. wore C. wears D. wearing

2. All birds____________ wings and feathers. A. has B. have C. do D. does 3. The train_____________ the station at 10 oclock every day. A. leave B. leaves C. left D. leaving

4. Rozy and her sister_____________ their homework at night. A. has B. have C. do D. does

5. The doctor___________ a stethoscope. He __________ it to examine the patients heartbeat. A. has, uses B. have, use C. does, uses D. do, use 97

6. The firemen______________ to the scene of the fire. A. rushing B. rushed C. rushes D. rush

7. Dannisas father____________ to the radio before he goes to work. A. listen B. listens C. listened D. listening

8. The leaves of that tree____________ once a year. A. fell B. fall C. falls D. falling

9. Our football practice ____________ usually at 5.00 p.m. every Thursday. A. do B. does C. is D. are

10. My sister___________ in Australia. She ______________ law in a university there. A. are, study 98

B. is, studies C. are, studies D. is, study

EXERCISE 2. CONSTRUCT SENTENCES

e.g Farah dishes kitchen

Simple Compound Complex

: Farah washes the dishes in the kitchen. : Farah washes the dirty dishes in the kitchen. : Farah who is wearing an apron washes the dirty dishes in the kitchen.

1- Baharom Tajul around tree _____________________________________________________________________

2- waitress food guest ____________________________________________________________________

3- Raju ice-cream vendor ___________________________________________________________________

4- pupils brooms mops to clean classroom ___________________________________________________________________ 99

5- cats basket television ___________________________________________________________________

6- father work new car ___________________________________________________________________

7- athletes stadium ___________________________________________________________________

8- girl doll friends ___________________________________________________________________

9- gardener hedges shears ___________________________________________________________________

10- doctor works hospital ___________________________________________________________________

WRITING SENTENCES SAMPLE ANSWER

Ameer twelve years old mother holds party celebrate birthday 100

invites - friends relatives neighbours presents

food table living room - cake twelve candles blows sing - games enjoyable - party

SAMPLE 1 (using simple sentences)

Ameer is twelve years old. His mother holds a party for him. She wants to celebrate her sons birthday. Ameer invites his friends and relatives to his party. His neighbours also come to the party. They bring presents for him. There are also many kinds of food on the table in the living room. Ameers mother bakes a cake. There are twelve candles on it. Ameer blows the candles. His friends sing a birthday song for him. Then, they play games. Ameer enjoys his birthday party very much. It is an enjoyable party.

SAMPLE 2 (using compound and complex sentences)

Today, Ameer is twelve years old. His mother, Puan Zurina holds a surprise birthday party for him. She wants to celebrate her beloved sons twelfth birthday. She decorates the living room with colourful ribbons and balloons. Ameers brother and sister help her to clean the house. Ameer invites his friends from his school and relatives to come to his birthday party. His neighbours also come to the party. Some of them walk to his house. Some cycle while the others are sent by their parents by cars and motorcycles. Ameer is very happy to see his guests. The guests bring many
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presents for him. They are wrapped in colourful wrapping papers. His eyes are glowing when he sees the presents. Ameer welcomes his guests and invites them into his house. Puan Zurina prepares many kinds of food and they are put on a big dining table in the living room. There are sweet cakes, fried noodles, puddings and carbonated drinks. His mother also orders a few buckets of fried chickens. Ameers mother bakes a big, round chocolate cake for him too. There are twelve colourful candles on it. Ameer blows the candles excitedly. His friends sing a birthday song for him. Then, they play games happily. Ameer enjoys his birthday party very much. It is an enjoyable party and a memorable one.

Exsecise 3 : Write a short story about the pictures.

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early morning air fresh exercise -

friends jog run brother cycles -

sit tree rest drink water stands -

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Exercise 4 : Write a short story about the pictures.

- forest camping river scouts twigs fire cook

sparks leaves spreads bushes fetch river -

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leader angry dangerous promise - repeat mistakes -

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Definition. To describe actions that are going on at the time of speaking or writing.

Example :

- The wind is blowing strongly now. - I am wearing a beautiful red dress. - My grandparents are living in Kampung Pandan

I You Ali Siti He She The boy Ali and Siti They We The boys It

am are

is swimming in the river.

are

is

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 106

1- I ____________ in SK Taman Ria. A B C D is studying am studying are studying studies

2- My parents________________my uncle in London. A B C D are visiting visiting am visiting is visiting

3- The goats___________________in the field. A B C D is grazing am grazing are grazing was grazing

4- They _____________a lot of durians at the stall. A B C am buying are buying is buying

D buys

107

5- He ___________me with my homework. A B C D helping are helping am helping is helping

6- Lilis mother ________________the dishes for dinner. A B are preparing preparing

C am preparing D is preparing

7- Ai Leng and her family ______________Chinese New Year. A are celebrating B am celebrating C is celebrating D celebrates

8- The ladies___________ at the mall. A is shopping B am shopping 108

C are shopping D shopping

9- The children ______________at the bus stop. A are waiting B is waiting C am waiting D waiting

10- Maizatul ______________ a letter to her friend. A am writing B are writing C is writing D writing

109

Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. (Present Continuous Tense) build chase bake jog feed drive weave sleep deliver help

1- The kittens _____________________in the box.

2- Encik Mail _____________________ his new car.

3- He_________________in the park.

4- It ________________the mouse.

5- Ramly ____________his mother to clean the room.

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6- The postmen ______________the letters.

7- I ___________the ketupat leaves.

8- Siti and Liza ___________ their cats with some food.

9- She ___________the cake in the oven.

10- The girls _____________ a big sandcastle.

Exercise 3 Construct Present Continuous sentences. Examples : Simple sentence Compound sentence Complex sentence -cat- rat table: The cat is chasing the rat. : The cat is chasing and trying to catch the rat. : The cat which has a long tail, is chasing the rat.

1-

boys - hockey - field

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2-

mother flowers - garden

3-

Siti sofa - television

4-

monkeys bananas - tree

5- teacher pupils - classroom

6-

I - picnic - beach

7- tourists photographs - A Famosa ______________________________________________________________________________

8-

sister new dress - party

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9- Ali breakfast - school

10- teacher pupils classroom

______________________________________________________________________________

a. b.

decorating lights wiping floor flowers house cleaning beautiful happy enjoy

c. shopping- clothes - presents

Suggested answer simple story Jerry and his family are preparing for Christmas. His sister is decorating the tree with lights. Jerry is wiping the windows. His father is mopping the floor while his mother is arranging the flowers. The house is clean and beautiful. They are enjoying themselves. Jerry go shopping to buy clothes and presents.

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Suggested answer - intermediate story. Christmas is just around the corner. Jerry and his family are busy preparing for the celebration. Jerrys sister is decorating the Christmas tree with lights. Jerrys is wiping the windows. His father is mopping the floor while his mother is arranging the flowers in the vase. At the end of the day, the house is clean and beautiful. Everyone is happy and looking forward to Christmas Day. Jerry and his family go to the shopping centre. They want to buy new clothes and presents.

Exercise 4 writing construct good sentences to form a story (simple sentences) a) Tahir - camping waterfall - pitching - tents

b) collecting - firewood - catching- fish c) night - campfire - songs - happily - stories

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Exercise 5 writing construct good sentences to form a story (simple sentences) a) Razak riding field- football friends

b) -sees boys river playing swimming c) -boy shouts help pointing drowning d) -takes off- dives towards-drags- riverbank praise-brave action

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THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE Definition : a ) To show a completed action that happened at a certain time in the past. Examples : I baked a cake yesterday. He visited his grandfather in Penang last week. b ) Most verbs can be changed to the past tense by adding -ed or -d. Examples : kick kicked walk - walked c ) Some verbs in the past tense do not end in -ed or -d. These verbs are known as irregular verbs. Examples : sit sat tell - told The following table shows how to use the simple past tense.

I You Ali

cycled cycled cycled

walked walked walked 116

tried tried tried

saw saw saw

put put put

Siti He She The boy

Ali and Siti They We The boys

cycled

walked

tried

saw

put

It

cycled

walked

tried

saw

put

Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer (Simple Past Tense) 1- The man ____________ a cat in the drain yesterday. A C B D saw see sees seeing

2- Fahim and Assyifa ______________ to school just now. A B C D walks walking walked walk

117

3- They ___________ the tree to make a small hut on the hill. A B C D cutted cut cuts cutting

4- Faris ______________ his car to work with his friend a few minutes ago. A B C D driven driving drove drive

5- He ______________ the doorbell but no one was home. A B C rang ringed ringing

6- We ____________ supper at the D Aman Makmur Restaurant last night. A B C ate eat eating 118

eats

7- I ____________ the police when I saw a man breaking into a house. A B C D called calls call calling

8- Athirah _____________ her mother in the kitchen this morning. A B C D help helps helped helping

9- The baby _____________ soundly on the bed last night. A B C D slept sleeps sleep sleeping

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10- Syafiq and Zamri _____________ the gate last week. A B C paints paint painted

Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. (past tense) drank swam studied opened invited rushed climbed snatched parked bought

1- The cat _____________________ the tree when it saw the bird.

2- Mahmud and his friend _________________in the river last weekend.

3- Fahim _______________ two glasses of water just now.

4- As soon as he reached home, he ________________ to the bathroom.

5- The three women _________________ the vegetables from the supermarket.

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6- She ________________ at University Malaysia Pahang five years ago.

7- A man came and _______________ her necklace.

8- When Assyifa _____________the windows she saw dark clouds and strong wind blowing.

9- Faris ____________ the boy into her house to wait for her parents.

10- The two buses ____________ outside waiting to take them to the campsite.

Exercise 3 Construct sentences. ( Past Tense ) Examples : Siti - sat - sofa Simple sentences Compound sentences Complex sentences : Yesterday, Siti sat on the sofa. : Siti sat on the sofa and watched the television. : Siti who wore a blouse watched the television on the sofa. 1I - ate - fried rice

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2- Faris searched - keys

3- They sat - porch

4- Doctor cleaned - wounds

5- Syiffa parked - bicycle

6- Fahim washed - car

7- plumber repaired - pipe

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8- Mary wrote - letter

9- We went - movie

10- The deer jumped water

Writing construct good sentences to form a story a) b) c)

a) friends football field kicked bushes b) ran get shocked landed python c) villagers firemen thanked 123

1. Suggested answer Simple story. Fahim and his friends played football in the field near their village. While they were playing one of his friends kicked the ball hard and it fell into the bushes. They ran to get the ball. They looked everywhere but could not find it. They were shocked when they saw the ball landed on the python. The python was very big. Fahim ran back quickly to the village. He told a few villagers about the incident. One of the villagers called the firemen to help them to catch the python. The firemen came and caught the python easily with their equipments because its stomach was full. The villagers praised and thanked the boys for their quick action. 2. Suggested answer - intermediate story. Fahim, Syafiq and Eddy are bosom friends. Last Sunday, they went to practise for the Interschool football match in the village field. They believed that practice makes perfect. While they were playing, one of the boys kicked the ball hard and it flew high up in the air and fell into the bushes. Syafiq ran as fast as lightning to get the ball. He looked high and low for the ball in the bushes but could not find it. So he called his friends to join in the search. When the boys reached a hedge of the bushes, they were shocked when they saw that the ball had landed on a large python. The python did not move an inch. The boys were just a few inches away from it. In the twinkling of an eye, Fahim ran back to the village. He told Encik Ramlee the headman about the incident. Encik Ramlee called the firemen to catch the python. A few minutes later, a team of firemen came with their equipments to catch the python. They managed to catch it easily as its stomach was full. The python had just eaten a goat which had missing from Pak Mauns farm. Now they knew who the thief was. The villagers praised and thanked the boys for their quick action. The boys were very happy because they had done a good deed. Exercise 4 writing construct good sentences to form a story. a) b) c)

a) swim hour stopped cafe - good b) cries pool gathered struggling - dived 124

c) sent hospital informed parents - thanked

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE Definition. 10- To describe an action which was happening at a certain time in the past. Example : - She was sleeping in the bed yesterday. - It was grazing in the field just now. - They were running in the park ten minutes ago.

11- To describe a past action which was going on when something happened. Example : - The boy was eating when he heard the sound. 125

- While I was walking, the dogs chased me. - My father called me as I was helping my mother .

12- To show two actions performed at the same time in the past. Examples : - I was singing while my brother was drawing yesterday. - The pupils were reading when the teacher entered the classroom. - While we were working, Samli was sleeping.

I You Ali Siti He She The boy Ani and Siti They We

was were

was walking in the park.

were

The boys It was Exercise 1 Circle the correct answer 1- The man ____________ the cat which was drowning in the drain yesterday. A C B D were is saving are saving was saving

2- While Steven _______________ the picture, his mother called him for dinner. 126

A B C D

were painting was painting painted paints

3- The doctors _______________ the patients yesterday. A B C D were treating was treating are treating is treating

4- A tiger _______________ when I went to the zoo last month. A B C D was roaring is roaring roared roars

5- You ______________ your homework when I came to your house last night. A B C were doing was doing is doing 127

do

6- The moon _______________ brightly last night. A B C D is shining are shining was shining were shining

7- We _______________ a lot of fun in the resort last weekend. A B C D were having was having are having is having

8- Raziah and Kumar ___________ in the reading competition yesterday. A B C D is competing are competing was competing were competing

9- The sheep _______________ and jumping on the road when I shouted at them. 128

A B C D

were running are running is running ran

10- The woman with a red gown _______________ to me just now. A B C D were talking was talking are talking is talking

Exercise 2 Fill in the blanks with suitable answers. (past continuous tense)

cry jump

drive climb

queue cook

rain fly

go flutter

1- The cat _____________________ the tree when it saw the bird.

2- Mahmud and his friend _____________________ the kites on last weekend.

129

3- Laili and Laila _____________________ in the kitchen with their mother

4- He took a picture of the butterfly while it _____________________ in the garden.

5- I _____________________ in fear when I saw the big snake.

6- You _____________________ to Kuantan when I arrived at your house just now.

7- The little girl _____________________ when she lost her mother.

8- Everybody _____________________ patiently to buy the food at the canteen just now.

9- My father _____________________ his car to his office with his friend yesterday.

10- It _____________________ when we played football.

Exercise 3 Construct past continuous sentences. Examples : 130

Simple sentences : Siti was sitting on the chair just now. Compound sentences Complex sentences now went into the class. : Siti and Salmah were sitting on the chairs just now. : Siti and Salmah who were sitting on the chairs just

1-

I - eating - friends -

yesterday

2-

You - reading - books - just now

3-

He - searching - information - internet - last night

4-

They - having - breakfast - together

- last morning

5-

The gardeners - shearing - hedges - last week

6-

Ramli - drinking - eating - canteen - yesterday 131

7-

Suraya - Latifah - making - coffee - themselves

8-

I - shouting - dogs - which - barking - me

9-

birds - which - flying - tree - pigeons

10-

man - who - walking -

alone - father

example simple story 132

A) Saufi playing badminton house B) accidentally head crying C) mother - treat sorry -

I have a friend. His name is Saufi. He is twelve years. He lives in Kampung Sentosa. He is an active boy. Yesterday, he was playing badminton with his friends near his house. His friends were Chua, Gopal and Zaki. They were playing happily near Saufis house. While they were playing, Saufi accidentally smashed his racquet onto his friends head. His friend, Gopal was crying in pain. While Gopal was crying, Saufis mother came to treat his injury. Saufi felt sorry for Gopal. It was an unforgettable memory in Saufis life.

example - compound and complex sentences.

I have a friend. His name is Saufi. He is twelve years. He lives in Kampung Sentosa. He is an active boy. Yesterday, he was playing badminton with his friends near his house. His friends were Chua, Gopal and Zaki. They were playing happily at their homemade badminton court which. While they were playing, Saufi accidentally smashed his racquet onto his friends head. His friend, Gopal was crying in pain. Saufi tried to help him but he was afraid of the blood coming out from Gopals head. While Gopal was crying, Saufis mother who was seating on a nearby bench came to treat his injury. His mother advised them to play safely and carefully in the future. Saufi felt sorry for Gopal and asked him for his forgiveness. It was the most unforgettable memory in their life.

Exercise 4 writing construct good sentences to form a story (simple sentences) 133

a)

b)

c)

d) Naili - playing -

basketball - friends - yesterday

e) throwing - ball - suddenly - tripped - fell - hurt f) sister - cleaned - wound - bandaged

Exercise 5 writing construct good sentences to form a story. (compound and complex sentences) a) b) 134 c)

d) Sofia - walking -

drain - saw - kitten - meowing - soap

e) took - home - cleaning f) drinking -

stroking - happy

135