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PERHITUNGAN KONSOLIDASI

DATA
a. Diameter contoh tanah (d)

6.5

cm

b. Tebal contoh tanah (t)

cm

c. Berat contoh tanah (W)

d. Kedalaman contoh tanah

= 0.2 m - 0.6 m
= 1/4 x x d2
= 1/4 x 3.14 x 7
= 33.166
cm2

e. Luas contoh tanah (Ao)

92.1 gr

f. Volume contoh tanah (V)

= Ao x t
= 33.166 x 2
= 66.333
cm3

g. Berat volume tanah (Vt)

h. Tegangan tanah ()

i. Beban

V
P

66.333

1.388

gr/cm3

Ditentukan 0.15 kg/cm2

Ao

92.1

x Ao
L

0.15 x 33.166
10

0.497

kg

I. PEMBEBANAN BERTAHAP
Hari 1 tegangan () = 0.015
Hari 2 tegangan () = 0.030
-

kg/cm2

; beban =

500

gr

kg/cm3

; beban =

1000

gr

; beban =

2000

gr

kg/cm5

; beban =

4000

gr

; beban =

8000

gr

; beban = 16000
500
; beban =

gr

PERHITUNGAN

Hari 3 tegangan () = 0.060


Hari 4 tegangan () = 0.120
Hari 5 tegangan () = 0.240
Hari 6 tegangan () = 0.480
Hari 7 tegangan () = 0.015

kg/cm
kg/cm

kg/cm7
kg/cm

gr

II. DATA PERHITUNGAN KADAR AIR


Diketahui :
92.10
1. Berat tanah basah awal (W1) =

gr

2.

Berat tanah basah akhir (W2)

75.68

gr

3.

Berat tanah kering (W3)

46.08

gr

4.

Berat jenis (GS)

2.50

Maka diperoleh :
1.

Kadar Air (w)


Rumus umum :
Berat air
w =
x
Berat tanah

100 %

a. Kadar air awal (wo)


(W1 - W2)
wo =
W3
=

(92.10

100 %

- 46.08)
46.08

100 %

= 99.87 %
b. Kadar air akhir(wo)
(W2 - W3)
wt =
W3
=

(75.68

= 64.24 %

46.08)
46.08

100 %

100 %

2.

Angka Pori (e)


Rumus umum :
e

= kadar air (w) x berat jenis (GS)

a. Angka pori awal (eo)


eo = wo x Gs
eo = 0.9987
= 2.497

x 2.50

b. Angka pori awal (et)


et = wt x Gs
= 0.6424
= 1.606
3.

x 2.50

Tinggi tanah setelah Konsolidasi (Ho)


W3
46.08
2 Ho =
=
2.50 x 1 x
Gs x gw x Ao
= 0.556 cm = 5.557 mm

4.

Beban awal (P)

Beban awal dial (a)

Beban akhir dial (b)

Tinggi tanah

0.15 kg/cm2
10 mm
9.94 mm
20

mm

Tinggi contoh tanah (H)


2 H = t - (a - b)
= 20 - (10 - 9.94)
= 19.939
H =

2H
2

mm
19.939
2

9.970

mm

33.166

6.

Void Height (Hv)


2 Hv = 2 H - 2 Ho
= 19.939
- 5.557
= 14.382
e

6.

2 Hv
2 Ho

14.382
5.56

2.588

Koefisien konsolidasi (Cv)


0.848 (H)2
0.85 (9.970)
Cv 90 =
=
t90
117.6
= 0.717 mm2/detik = 0.0717

Cv 50 =

0.197 (H)2
0.20
=
t90

cm2/detik

(9.970)

168

= 0.117 mm2/detik = 0.0117

cm /detik

Untuk perhitungan selanjutnya ditabelkan sebagai berikut :


Preassure

Final Dial
Reading
(mm)

Final
Void
Dial Change
Specimen Height
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)

10

0.015

9.939

0.061

19.939 14.382 2.589 117.60 168.00 0.0717 0.0117

0.030

9.828

0.111

19.889

14.34

2.580 821.40 114.00 0.0102 0.0171

0.060

9.66

0.168

19.832

14.28

2.569 375.00 93.00 0.0224 0.0210

0.120

9.351

0.309

19.691

14.14

2.544 205.35 72.00 0.0409 0.0271

0.240

8.906

0.451

19.549

14

2.519 453.75 217.20 0.0185 0.0089

0.480

8.325

0.575

19.425

13.88

2.097 405.75 109.20 0.0207 0.0178

0.015

8.821

0.496

19.504

13.95

2.510

Void
Ratio

14.445 2.600

t90 (dtk) t50 (dtk)

Cv90

Cv50

(cm2/dt)

(cm2/dt)

SI

Cv50
(cm2/dt)

0.0117
0.0171
0.0210
0.0271
0.0089
0.0178
-