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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller V900R008C12

BSC Product Description


Issue Date 04 2010-05-20

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

About This Document

About This Document

Purpose
This document describes the structure, components, and working principles of the BSC in terms of hardware, software, and logic. It also describes the transport and networking, signal flows, and technical specifications of the BSC.

Product Version
The following table lists the product version related to this document. Product Name BSC Product Model BSC6000 Product Version V900R008C12

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
l l l

Network planners System engineers Field engineers

Organization
1 Changes in BSC Product Description This provides the changes of the BSC Product Description. 2 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network In the GSM/GPRS network, the BSC is located between the BTS and the MSC or between the BTS and the PCU. The BSC performs the following functions: radio resource management, BTS management, power control, and handover control.
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About This Document

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

3 Functions of the BSC The BSC mainly performs the following functions: radio resource management, connection management, and BTS management. 4 Introduction to the BSC This describes the physical, logical, and software structures of the BSC. 5 BSC Hardware Configuration The GBAM and GOMU are the operation and maintenance entities of the BSC. There are two types of BSC hardware configuration: configuration type A and configuration type B. In configuration type A, the BSC is configured with the GBAM. In configuration type B, the BSC is configured with the GOMU. One BSC can use only one configuration type. 6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem The Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) switching subsystem performs data exchange in the circuit switched (CS) domain. 7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem The Gigabit Ethernet (GE) switching subsystem performs the GE switching and packet switching of the signaling and OM information in the BSC. 8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem The BSC service processing subsystem performs voice coding/decoding, rate matching, and PS service processing. 9 BSC Service Control Subsystem The BSC service control subsystem performs the following functions: paging control, system information management, channel assignment, BTS public service management, call control, packet service control, handover and power control, cell broadcast short message service, BTS OM, and TC resource pool management. 10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem The BSC interface and signaling processing subsystem processes the signaling on the BSC interfaces. 11 BSC Clock Subsystem The BSC clock subsystem consists of the GGCU and the clock processing unit in each subrack. The clock subsystem provides the working clock for the BSC and provides the reference clock for the BTS. 12 BSC Power Subsystem The BSC power subsystem adopts dual-circuit redundancy and point-by-point monitoring solution, which is highly reliable. The BSC power subsystem comprises the power lead-in part and the power distribution part. 13 BSC Environment Monitoring Subsystem The BSC environment monitoring subsystem comprises the power distribution box and the environment monitoring parts in each subrack. The environment monitoring subsystem monitors and adjusts the power supply, the speed of the fans, and the working environment. 14 OM of the BSC
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

About This Document

This describes two OM modes and various OM functions of the BSC. 15 BSC Signal Flow The BSC signal flow consists of the CS service signal flow, PS service signal flow, signaling flow, and OM signal flow. 16 BSC Transmission and Networking This describes various transmission and networking modes between the BSC and other NEs. 17 BSC Technical Specifications The BSC technical specifications consist of the capacity specifications, engineering specifications, physical port specifications, reliability specifications, clock precision specifications, noise and safety compliance, and environment specifications.

Conventions
Symbol Conventions The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not avoided,will result in death or serious injury. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not avoided,could result in equipment damage, data loss, performance degradation, or unexpected results. Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text.

General Conventions The general conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Times New Roman Boldface Italic
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Description Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Names of files, directories, folders, and users are in boldface. For example, log in as user root. Book titles are in italics.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Convention Courier New

Description Examples of information displayed on the screen are in Courier New.

Command Conventions The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface Italic [] { x | y | ... } [ x | y | ... ] { x | y | ... }* Description The keywords of a command line are in boldface. Command arguments are in italics. Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected. Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all items can be selected. Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.

[ x | y | ... ]*

GUI Conventions The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Convention Boldface > Description Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles are in boldface. For example, click OK. Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Keyboard Operations The keyboard operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Format Key
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Description Press the key. For example, press Enter and press Tab.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

About This Document

Format Key 1+Key 2 Key 1, Key 2

Description Press the keys concurrently. For example, pressing Ctrl+Alt +A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. Press the keys in turn. For example, pressing Alt, A means the two keys should be pressed in turn.

Mouse Operations The mouse operations that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Action Click Double-click Drag Description Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer. Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Contents

Contents
About This Document...................................................................................................................iii 1 Changes in BSC Product Description....................................................................................1-1 2 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network................................................................2-1 3 Functions of the BSC.................................................................................................................3-1 4 Introduction to the BSC............................................................................................................4-1
4.1 BSC Physical Structure...................................................................................................................................4-2 4.2 BSC Software Structure..................................................................................................................................4-5 4.3 BSC Logical Structure.................................................................................................................................... 4-7

5 BSC Hardware Configuration..................................................................................................5-1


5.1 BSC Hardware Configuration.........................................................................................................................5-2 5.2 BSC Hardware Configuration Type A............................................................................................................5-5 5.2.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type A)........................................................................................... 5-5 5.2.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type A).........................................................................................5-10 5.2.3 A over IP (Configuration Type A).......................................................................................................5-13 5.3 BSC Hardware Configuration Type B..........................................................................................................5-15 5.3.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type B)..........................................................................................5-16 5.3.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type B).........................................................................................5-20 5.3.3 A over IP (Configuration Type B).......................................................................................................5-23

6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem............................................................................................6-1


6.1 Physical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem........................................................................... 6-2 6.2 Logical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem.............................................................................6-3

7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem................................................................................................7-1


7.1 Physical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem...............................................................................7-2 7.2 Logical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem................................................................................ 7-3 7.3 Features of BSC GE Switching.......................................................................................................................7-4

8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem........................................................................................8-1


8.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem.......................................................................8-2 8.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem.........................................................................8-4

9 BSC Service Control Subsystem.............................................................................................9-1


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Contents

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

9.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Control Subsystem..............................................................................9-2

10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem.................................................................................10-1


10.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem.................................................................10-2 10.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem..................................................................10-3

11 BSC Clock Subsystem...........................................................................................................11-1


11.1 BSC Clock Sources.....................................................................................................................................11-2 11.2 BSC Clock Synchronization........................................................................................................................11-2 11.2.1 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Separated)..............................................................................11-3 11.2.2 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Combined).............................................................................11-5 11.2.3 BSC Clock Synchronization (A over IP)...........................................................................................11-6

12 BSC Power Subsystem..........................................................................................................12-1 13 BSC Environment Monitoring Subsystem........................................................................13-1


13.1 BSC Power Monitoring...............................................................................................................................13-2 13.2 BSC Fan Monitoring...................................................................................................................................13-2 13.3 BSC Environment Monitoring....................................................................................................................13-3

14 OM of the BSC........................................................................................................................14-1
14.1 OM Modes of the BSC................................................................................................................................14-2 14.2 OM Functions of the BSC...........................................................................................................................14-3 14.2.1 BSC Security Management................................................................................................................14-4 14.2.2 BSC Configuration Management.......................................................................................................14-6 14.2.3 BSC Performance Management.......................................................................................................14-10 14.2.4 BSC Alarm Management.................................................................................................................14-11 14.2.5 BSC Loading Management..............................................................................................................14-13 14.2.6 BSC Upgrade Management..............................................................................................................14-16 14.2.7 BTS Loading Management..............................................................................................................14-16 14.2.8 BTS Upgrade Management..............................................................................................................14-17

15 BSC Signal Flow.....................................................................................................................15-1


15.1 BSC CS Signal Flow...................................................................................................................................15-2 15.2 BSC PS Signal Flow...................................................................................................................................15-6 15.3 BSC Signaling Flow....................................................................................................................................15-8 15.3.1 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface.................................................................................................15-8 15.3.2 Signaling Flow on the A Interface...................................................................................................15-11 15.3.3 Signaling flow on the Pb interface...................................................................................................15-14 15.3.4 Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface.................................................................................................15-15 15.4 BSC OM Signal Flow...............................................................................................................................15-16 15.4.1 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Separated)......................................................................................15-16 15.4.2 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Combined).....................................................................................15-19 15.4.3 BSC OM Signal Flow (A over IP)...................................................................................................15-19

16 BSC Transmission and Networking...................................................................................16-1


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16.2 Transmission and Networking on the A Interface.......................................................................................16-5 16.3 Transmission and Networking on the Pb Interface.....................................................................................16-8 16.4 Transmission and Networking on the Ater Interface..................................................................................16-9 16.5 Transmission and Networking on the Gb Interface...................................................................................16-10

17 BSC Technical Specifications..............................................................................................17-1


17.1 BSC Capacity Specifications......................................................................................................................17-2 17.2 BSC Engineering Specifications.................................................................................................................17-2 17.3 BSC Physical Interfaces..............................................................................................................................17-4 17.4 BSC Reliability Specifications....................................................................................................................17-8 17.5 BSC Clock Precision Requirements............................................................................................................17-8 17.6 BSC Noise and Safety Compliance.............................................................................................................17-9 17.7 BSC Environment Requirements................................................................................................................17-9 17.7.1 BSC Storage Requirements..............................................................................................................17-10 17.7.2 BSC Transportation Requirements...................................................................................................17-12 17.7.3 BSC Operating Environment Requirements....................................................................................17-15 17.8 Technical Specifications of BSC Parts......................................................................................................17-17 17.8.1 Technical Specifications of the GBAM...........................................................................................17-18 17.8.2 Technical Specifications of the GOMU...........................................................................................17-19 17.8.3 Technical Specifications of the BSC Common Power Distribution Box.........................................17-20 17.8.4 Technical Specifications of the BSC High-Power Distribution Box...............................................17-21

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figures

Figures
Figure 2-1 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS network...............................................................................2-2 Figure 4-1 Physical structure of the BSC.............................................................................................................4-2 Figure 4-2 Front view of the BSC cabinet...........................................................................................................4-4 Figure 4-3 Structure of the host software.............................................................................................................4-5 Figure 4-4 Structure of the OMU software..........................................................................................................4-6 Figure 4-5 Structure of LMT software.................................................................................................................4-6 Figure 4-6 Logical structure of the BSC..............................................................................................................4-7 Figure 5-1 OM path between the GMPS and the main GTCS (in local GTCS mode)........................................5-3 Figure 5-2 OM path between the GMPS and the main GTCS (in remote GTCS mode).....................................5-3 Figure 5-3 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)..................................................5-6 Figure 5-4 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side)..................................................5-6 Figure 5-5 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)..................................................5-7 Figure 5-6 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side).................................................5-7 Figure 5-7 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)..................................................5-8 Figure 5-8 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side).................................................5-8 Figure 5-9 BSC minimum configuration............................................................................................................5-11 Figure 5-10 BSC maximum configuration (E1/T1 transmission used on the A interface)................................5-12 Figure 5-11 BSC maximum configuration (STM-1 transmission used on the A interface)..............................5-12 Figure 5-12 BSC minimum configuration..........................................................................................................5-14 Figure 5-13 BSC maximum configuration.........................................................................................................5-14 Figure 5-14 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured locally).............................................................5-16 Figure 5-15 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)..........................................................5-16 Figure 5-16 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured locally).............................................................5-17 Figure 5-17 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)..........................................................5-17 Figure 5-18 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured locally).............................................................5-18 Figure 5-19 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)..........................................................5-18 Figure 5-20 BSC minimum configuration..........................................................................................................5-20 Figure 5-21 BSC maximum configuration (E1/T1 transmission used on the A interface)................................5-21 Figure 5-22 BSC maximum configuration (STM-1 transmission used on the A interface)..............................5-22 Figure 5-23 BSC minimum configuration..........................................................................................................5-23 Figure 5-24 BSC maximum configuration.........................................................................................................5-24 Figure 6-1 TDM interconnections between GMPS and GEPS............................................................................6-2 Figure 6-2 TDM interconnections between GTCSs.............................................................................................6-2 Issue 04 (2010-05-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xiii

Figures

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description Figure 6-3 Intra-subrack TDM interconnections..................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-4 Logical structure of the BSC TDM switching subsystem..................................................................6-4

Figure 7-1 GE interconnection between the GMPS and the GEPS......................................................................7-2 Figure 7-2 GE interconnection between the GTCSs............................................................................................7-2 Figure 7-3 Intra-subrack GE interconnection.......................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-4 Logical structure of the BSC GE switching subsystem......................................................................7-4 Figure 8-1 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (1).......................................................8-2 Figure 8-2 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (2).......................................................8-3 Figure 8-3 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (3).......................................................8-3 Figure 8-4 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (4).......................................................8-4 Figure 8-5 Logical structure of the CS service processing subsystem.................................................................8-5 Figure 8-6 Logical structure of the PS service processing subsystem.................................................................8-5 Figure 10-1 Physical structure of the BSC interface processing subsystem......................................................10-2 Figure 10-2 BSC interfaces................................................................................................................................10-3 Figure 11-1 Clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (BITS clock source)..................................................11-3 Figure 11-2 Clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (line clock source).....................................................11-4 Figure 11-3 Clock synchronization in the GTCS...............................................................................................11-4 Figure 11-4 BSC clock synchronization procedure (BITS clock source)..........................................................11-5 Figure 11-5 BSC clock synchronization procedure (line clock source).............................................................11-6 Figure 11-6 BSC clock synchronization procedure (BITS clock source)..........................................................11-6 Figure 12-1 Power lead-in part (common power distribution box)....................................................................12-1 Figure 12-2 Power lead-in part (high-power distribution box)..........................................................................12-2 Figure 13-1 Principle of power monitoring........................................................................................................13-2 Figure 13-2 Principle of fan monitoring.............................................................................................................13-3 Figure 13-3 Principle of environment monitoring............................................................................................. 13-3 Figure 14-1 Network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type A)............................... 14-2 Figure 14-2 Network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type B)................................14-3 Figure 14-3 Principle of the offline data configuration......................................................................................14-7 Figure 14-4 Principle of the online data configuration...................................................................................... 14-7 Figure 14-5 Procedure of the BSC data consistency check................................................................................14-9 Figure 14-6 BSC data synchronization procedure ...........................................................................................14-10 Figure 14-7 BSC performance management process.......................................................................................14-11 Figure 14-8 Alarm management process of the BSC.......................................................................................14-12 Figure 14-9 Working principle of the alarm box .............................................................................................14-13 Figure 14-10 BSC loading process (1).............................................................................................................14-14 Figure 14-11 BSC loading process (2).............................................................................................................14-15 Figure 14-12 BSC loading process (3).............................................................................................................14-15 Figure 15-1 CS signal flow (1)...........................................................................................................................15-2 Figure 15-2 CS signal flow (2)...........................................................................................................................15-3 Figure 15-3 CS signal flow (3)...........................................................................................................................15-3 Figure 15-4 CS signal flow (4)...........................................................................................................................15-4 Figure 15-5 CS signal flow (5)...........................................................................................................................15-5 xiv Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 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Figures

Figure 15-6 CS signal flow (6)...........................................................................................................................15-5 Figure 15-7 PS signal flow (Abis over TDM)....................................................................................................15-6 Figure 15-8 PS signal flow (Abis over IP).........................................................................................................15-7 Figure 15-9 BSC PS signal flow (external PCU )..............................................................................................15-7 Figure 15-10 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over TDM)................................................................15-8 Figure 15-11 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over TDM)..............................................................15-9 Figure 15-12 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over HDLC)..............................................................15-9 Figure 15-13 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over HDLC)..........................................................15-10 Figure 15-14 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over IP)...................................................................15-10 Figure 15-15 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over IP).................................................................15-11 Figure 15-16 Protocol stack on the A interface (A over TDM).......................................................................15-12 Figure 15-17 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over TDM) (BM/TC separated)......................................15-12 Figure 15-18 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over TDM) (BM/TC combined).....................................15-13 Figure 15-19 Protocol stack on the A interface (A over IP).............................................................................15-13 Figure 15-20 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over IP)............................................................................15-14 Figure 15-21 Protocol stack on the Pb interface..............................................................................................15-14 Figure 15-22 Signaling flow on the Pb interface.............................................................................................15-15 Figure 15-23 Protocol stack on the Gb interface..............................................................................................15-15 Figure 15-24 Signaling flow on the Gb interface.............................................................................................15-16 Figure 15-25 OM signal flow (GTCS configured on the BSC side)................................................................15-17 Figure 15-26 OM signal flow (GTCS configured on the MSC side)...............................................................15-18 Figure 15-27 BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC combined).................................................................................15-19 Figure 15-28 BSC OM signal flow (A over IP)...............................................................................................15-20 Figure 16-1 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface....................................................................16-2 Figure 16-2 STM-1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface...................................................................16-2 Figure 16-3 E1/T1-based HDLC networking on the Abis interface..................................................................16-3 Figure 16-4 Hybrid networking (Abis over TDM and Abis over HDLC).........................................................16-4 Figure 16-5 MSTP-based IP networking on the Abis interface.........................................................................16-4 Figure 16-6 Data-network-based IP networking on the Abis interface..............................................................16-5 Figure 16-7 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the A interface (1)...................................................................16-6 Figure 16-8 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the A interface (2)...................................................................16-6 Figure 16-9 STM-1-based TDM networking on the A interface (1)..................................................................16-6 Figure 16-10 STM-1-based TDM networking on the A interface (2)................................................................16-7 Figure 16-11 IP networking on the A interface (1)............................................................................................16-7 Figure 16-12 IP networking on the A interface (2)............................................................................................16-8 Figure 16-13 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface......................................................................16-8 Figure 16-14 STM-1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface....................................................................16-8 Figure 16-15 E1/T1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the BSC side)..................16-9 Figure 16-16 E1/T1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the MSC side).................16-9 Figure 16-17 STM-1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the MSC side)...............16-9 Figure 16-18 E1/T1-based FR networking on the Gb interface.......................................................................16-10 Figure 16-19 FE/GE-based IP networking on the Gb interface.......................................................................16-11 Issue 04 (2010-05-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xv

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Tables

Tables
Table 2-1 Functions of each NE in the GSM/GPRS network..............................................................................2-2 Table 4-1 Components of the BSC.......................................................................................................................4-2 Table 4-2 Components in the BSC Cabinet..........................................................................................................4-4 Table 5-1 Recommended configuration of the BSC............................................................................................5-9 Table 5-2 Recommended configuration of the BSC..........................................................................................5-13 Table 5-3 Recommended configuration of the BSC..........................................................................................5-15 Table 5-4 Recommended configuration of the BSC..........................................................................................5-19 Table 5-5 Recommended configuration of the BSC..........................................................................................5-22 Table 5-6 Recommended configuration of the BSC..........................................................................................5-24 Table 10-1 Physical entities of the BSC interface processing subsystem..........................................................10-2 Table 14-1 Definitions of the BSC user authorities...........................................................................................14-4 Table 14-2 BSC logs...........................................................................................................................................14-5 Table 17-1 Capacity specification of the BSC...................................................................................................17-2 Table 17-2 Structural specifications...................................................................................................................17-3 Table 17-3 Power consumption specifications...................................................................................................17-3 Table 17-4 Power supply and EMC specifications of the BSC..........................................................................17-3 Table 17-5 Specifications of the external transmission interfaces of the BSC...................................................17-4 Table 17-6 Specifications of the internal transmission interfaces of the BSC...................................................17-7 Table 17-7 Specifications of the clock interfaces of the BSC............................................................................17-8 Table 17-8 Reliability specifications of the BSC...............................................................................................17-8 Table 17-9 Clock specifications of the BSC......................................................................................................17-9 Table 17-10 Specifications of the noise and safety compliance of the BSC .....................................................17-9 Table 17-11 Climatic requirements (storage)...................................................................................................17-10 Table 17-12 Requirements for physically active materials (storage)...............................................................17-11 Table 17-13 Requirements for chemically active materials (storage)..............................................................17-11 Table 17-14 Mechanical stress requirements (storage)....................................................................................17-12 Table 17-15 Requirements for the climate (transportation).............................................................................17-13 Table 17-16 Requirements for physically active materials (transportation)....................................................17-14 Table 17-17 Requirements for chemically active materials (transportation)...................................................17-14 Table 17-18 Requirements for the mechanical stress (transportation).............................................................17-14 Table 17-19 Temperature and humidity requirements.....................................................................................17-15 Table 17-20 Other requirements.......................................................................................................................17-15 Table 17-21 Requirements for physically active materials (operating)............................................................17-16 Issue 04 (2010-05-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. xvii

Tables

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description Table 17-22 Requirements for chemically active materials (operating)..........................................................17-16 Table 17-23 Mechanical Stress Requirements.................................................................................................17-17 Table 17-24 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (IBM X3650T)........................................17-18 Table 17-25 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (Huawei C5210)......................................17-18 Table 17-26 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (HP CC3310)..........................................17-19 Table 17-27 Performance specifications of the GBAM...................................................................................17-19 Table 17-28 Hardware configuration specifications of the GOMU.................................................................17-19 Table 17-29 Performance specifications of the GOMU...................................................................................17-20 Table 17-30 Technical specifications of the BSC power distribution box.......................................................17-21 Table 17-31 Technical specifications of the BSC high-power distribution box..............................................17-21

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

1 Changes in BSC Product Description

Changes in BSC Product Description

This provides the changes of the BSC Product Description.

V900R008C12 04(2010-05-20)
This is the fourth commercial release. Compared with issue 03(2009-07-20) of V900R008C12 ,no information is added, modified or removed.

V900R008C12 03(2009-07-20)
This is the third commercial release. Compared with issue 02(2009-05-30) of V900R008C12 ,no information is added, modified or removed.

V900R008C12 02(2009-05-30)
This is the second commercial release. Compared with issue 01(2009-02-16) of V900R008C12, no information is added. Compared with issue 01(2009-02-16) of V900R008C12, the following information is modified: Item 17.4 BSC Reliability Specifications Change Description System availability in typical configuration.

Compared with issue 01(2009-02-16) of V900R008C12, no information is removed.

V900R008C12 01(2009-02-16)
This is the initial commercial release. Compared with issue 02(2009-06-30) of V900R008C01, the following information is added:
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Remote Upgrade Management


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1 Changes in BSC Product Description


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3 Functions of the BSC

Compared with issue 02(2009-06-30) of V900R008C01, the following information is modified: Item 16.1 Transmission and Networking on the Abis Interface 4.2 BSC Software Structure Change Description The VLAN technology adopted over the Abis interface in Abis over IP networking mode is described. The compatibility between the Windows Vista operating system and the LMT is described. The description of CS Service Processing Subsystem and PS Service Processing Subsystem are modified. The description of the BSC CS Signal Flow is modified when Abis over HDLC/IP+A over TDM,Abis over TDM+A over IP and Abis over HDLC/IP+A over IP. BTS Loading Management is changed. The description of the hybrid networking of Abis over TDM and Abis over HDLC is added. The description of the VLAN technology adopted over the A interface in A over IP networking mode is added. The description of guest, a new internal user, is added in the authority management section. The description of new log types is added in the log management section.

8.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem 15.1 BSC CS Signal Flow

14.2.7 BTS Loading Management 15.3.1 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface

16.2 Transmission and Networking on the A Interface 14.2.1 BSC Security Management

Compared with issue 02(2009-06-30) of V900R008C01, no information is removed.

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2 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network

Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network

In the GSM/GPRS network, the BSC is located between the BTS and the MSC or between the BTS and the PCU. The BSC performs the following functions: radio resource management, BTS management, power control, and handover control.

Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network


Figure 2-1 shows the position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS network.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 2-1 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS network

BSC BTS

MSC/VLR

ISDN/PSTN...

PCU BTS AUC/HLR

SGSN

BTS: base transceiver station BSC: base station controller AUC: authentication center ISDN: integrated services digital network HLR: home location register PSTN: public switched telephone network

PCU: packet control unit SGSN: serving GPRS support node MSC: mobile service switching center VLR: visitor location register

NOTE

As shown in Figure 2-1, the PCU is fully controlled by the BSC. In this case, the BSC is directly connected to the SGSN.

Functions of each NE in the GSM/GPRS Network


Table 2-1 describes the functions of each NE in the GSM/GPRS network. Table 2-1 Functions of each NE in the GSM/GPRS network NE BTS Description of Functions The BTS performs the following functions: power control, handover control, transmission and reception of radio signals, coding/decoding of the signals on the Um interface, and encryption/decryption of the signals on the Um interface.
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2 Position of the BSC in the GSM/GPRS Network

NE BSC PCU

Description of Functions The BSC performs the following functions: radio resource management, connection management, and BTS management. The PCU performs the following functions: packet radio resource management, packet call control, transmission of data packet on the Pb and Gb interfaces. The SGSN performs the following functions: data packet transmission, network congestion detection, network status detection, and network management. The MSC performs the following functions: call control, route selection, radio resource allocation, mobility management, location registration, handover control, bill statistics and collection, and service coordination between the mobile switching network and the PSTN. The VLR stores the temporary information about the MSs. The AUC stores the information about the private keys of MSs, and authenticates the validity of the MSs. The HLR is a database used for managing MSs. It stores the following information: MS subscription information, location of each MS, MSISDN, and IMSI.

SGSN

MSC

VLR AUC HLR

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3
Radio Resource Management

Functions of the BSC

The BSC mainly performs the following functions: radio resource management, connection management, and BTS management.

Radio resource management (RRM) is the procedure through which a stable connection is established between the MS and the MSC for a call. This procedure is also used to release the radio resources when a call is disconnected. RRM involves the following aspects: paging, assignment, initial access and immediate assignment, authentication and encryption, system information transmission, handover, radio channel management, power control, circuit management, TRX management, media access control, and radio link control.

Connection Management
The purpose of connection management is to provide service control and management. Connection management involves the following aspects: call management, short message management, voice coding/decoding and rate matching, and packet data forwarding and processing.

BTS Management
BTS management involves the following aspects: BTS software downloading, BTS data configuration, BTS status management, and BTS alarm query.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

4 Introduction to the BSC

4
About This Chapter

Introduction to the BSC

This describes the physical, logical, and software structures of the BSC. 4.1 BSC Physical Structure This describes the physical structure of the BSC, including the cabinet, cables, LMT computers, and alarm box. 4.2 BSC Software Structure The software of the BSC has a distributed architecture. It is classified into the host software, OMU software, and LMT software. 4.3 BSC Logical Structure Logically, the BSC system consists of the time division multiplexing (TDM) switching subsystem, Gigabit Ethernet (GE) switching subsystem, service processing subsystem, service control subsystem, interface processing subsystem, clock subsystem, power subsystem, and environment monitoring subsystem.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

4.1 BSC Physical Structure


This describes the physical structure of the BSC, including the cabinet, cables, LMT computers, and alarm box.

Physical Structure of the BSC


Figure 4-1 shows the physical structure of the BSC. Figure 4-1 Physical structure of the BSC
OM equipment room Equipment room Optical cable to other NEs Trunk cable to other NEs Ethernet cable to other NEs PGND cable to the PDF Power cable to the PDF

Alarm box

Ethernet cable

Serial port cable

LMT

LMT

LMT: Local Maintenance Terminal

Table 4-1 lists the components of the BSC. Table 4-1 Components of the BSC Component GBCR Description The GBCR provides switching and processes services for the BSC. One GBCR is configured in a BSC. The GBSR processes various services for the BSC. The number of GBSRs to be configured depends on the traffic volume. Zero to three GBSRs can be configured. Refer to... GBCR (Configuration Type A) and GBCR (Configuration Type B) GBSR Cabinet

GBSR

Ethernet cable

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

PDF: Power Distribution Frame

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Component BSC Cables

Description BSC cables are classified into the Ethernet cable, optical cable, and trunk cable. The number of BSC cables to be configured depends on actual requirements. The LMT is a computer that is installed with the LMT software package and is connected to the OM network of the NEs. It is mandatory for the BSC. The alarm box can generate audible and visual alarms. It is optional for the BSC.

Refer to... BSC Cables

BSC LMT

LMT-Related Definitions

Alarm box

User manual delivered with the alarm box

Components of the BSC Cabinet


Figure 4-2 shows the front view of the BSC cabinet.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 4-2 Front view of the BSC cabinet

Table 4-2 describes the components in the BSC cabinet. Table 4-2 Components in the BSC Cabinet BSC Subrack GMPS Description The GMPS is configured in the GBCR. Each BSC must be configured with one GMPS. Refer to... Configuration of the GMPS (Configuration Type A) and Configuration of the GMPS (Configuration Type B)

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4 Introduction to the BSC

BSC Subrack GEPS

Description The GEPS is configured in the GBCR or GBSR. The BSC can be configured with zero to three GEPSs. The GTCS is configured in the GBCR or GBSR. The BSC can be configured with zero to four GTCSs. Each cabinet must be configured with one power distribution box.

Refer to... Configuration of the GEPS

GTCS

Configuration of the GTCS

Power distributio n box GIMS

BSC Common Power Distribution Box BSC High-Power Distribution Box KVM LAN Switch GBAM

A set of the KVM, GBAM, and LAN switch is referred to as the GSM Integrated Management System (GIMS). The GIMS is configured in subrack 0 of the GBCR. If the BSC adopts Configuration Type A, the GIMS is mandatory. Otherwise, the GIMS is not required.

l l l

4.2 BSC Software Structure


The software of the BSC has a distributed architecture. It is classified into the host software, OMU software, and LMT software.

Host Software
The host software runs on various service boards. It consists of the operating system, middleware, and application software. Figure 4-3 shows the structure of the host software. Figure 4-3 Structure of the host software
Application software Middleware Operating system

Operating system The operating system adopted in the BSC is VxWorks, which is an embedded real-time operating system.

Middleware
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The Distributed Object-oriented Programmable Realtime Architecture (DOPRA) and Platform of Advanced Radio Controller (PARC) middleware ensure that the upper-level application software is independent of the lower-level operating system. The middleware enables software functions to be transplanted between different platforms.
l

Application software Different boards are configured with different types of application software. The application software is classified into radio resource processing software, resource control plane processing software, BTS management software, and configuration management and maintenance software.

OMU Software
The operation maintenance unit (OMU) software runs on the GBAM server or on the GOMU to perform the operation and maintenance of the BSC. Figure 4-4 shows the structure of the OMU software. Figure 4-4 Structure of the OMU software
OMU software

Middleware

Operating system

Operating system The OMU software runs on the Linux operating system. Middleware The DOPRA middleware ensures that the upper-level application software is independent of the lower-level operating system. Thus, the middleware enables software functions to be transplanted between different platforms.

Application software The application software performs the functions of different logical entities in the GBAM/ GOMU.

LMT Software
The LMT software, which consists of the operating system and application software, runs on the LMT computer. Figure 4-5 shows the structure of the LMT software. Figure 4-5 Structure of LMT software
Application software Operating system

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4 Introduction to the BSC

Operating system The LMT runs on the Windows 2000 Professional,Windows XP Professional or Windows Vista Professional operating system.

Application software The application software provides access to the operation and maintenance of the BSC. The software package consists of the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, BSC6000 Online Help, LMT Service Manager, Local Maintenance Terminal, Performance Browser tool, and Convert Management System.
NOTE

The BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal provides a graphic user interface (GUI) for performing operation and maintenance. The Local Maintenance Terminal is also called the MML client, which provides MML commands for the users. Both of them support the maintenance and data configuration of the BSC and the BTSs connected to the BSC.

4.3 BSC Logical Structure


Logically, the BSC system consists of the time division multiplexing (TDM) switching subsystem, Gigabit Ethernet (GE) switching subsystem, service processing subsystem, service control subsystem, interface processing subsystem, clock subsystem, power subsystem, and environment monitoring subsystem. Figure 4-6 shows the logical structure of the BSC. Figure 4-6 Logical structure of the BSC
Clock subsystem Service control subsystem Interface processing subsystem To BTS To PCU/SGSN To MSC/MGW

Environment monitoring subsystem

GE switching subsystem

TDM switching subsystem

Power subsystem

Service processing subsystem

GBAM/GOMU

LMT/M2000

The interface processing subsystem of the BSC provides the Pb or Gb interface, depending on the types of PCU.
l

When the built-in PCU is used, the interface processing subsystem provides the Gb interface to enable the communication between the BSC and the SGSN.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

When the external PCU is used, the interface processing subsystem provides the Pb interface to enable the communication between the BSC and the PCU.

The interface processing subsystem of the BSC cannot provide the Gb interface and Pb interface simultaneously. The interface processing subsystem supports different transmission modes over the A interface:
l

When the IP transmission is used, the A interface enables the communication between the BSC and the MGW. When the TDM transmission is used, the A interface enables the communication between the BSC and the MSC/MGW.

The interface processing subsystem of the BSC does not support the two transmission modes simultaneously.

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

5
About This Chapter

BSC Hardware Configuration

The GBAM and GOMU are the operation and maintenance entities of the BSC. There are two types of BSC hardware configuration: configuration type A and configuration type B. In configuration type A, the BSC is configured with the GBAM. In configuration type B, the BSC is configured with the GOMU. One BSC can use only one configuration type. 5.1 BSC Hardware Configuration This describes three types of BSC subracks, two installation modes of the GTCS, three combination modes of BSC subracks, two types of PCU, and two types of hardware configuration. 5.2 BSC Hardware Configuration Type A The BSC hardware configuration type A refers to the BSC configured with the GBAM, which enables the communication between the BSC and the LMT. The number of BSC cabinets and BSC subracks varies with the capacity requirements for the BSC. 5.3 BSC Hardware Configuration Type B In BSC hardware configuration type B, the BSC is configured with the GOMU, which enables the communication between the BSC and the LMT. The number of BSC cabinets and BSC subracks varies with the capacity requirements for the BSC.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

5.1 BSC Hardware Configuration


This describes three types of BSC subracks, two installation modes of the GTCS, three combination modes of BSC subracks, two types of PCU, and two types of hardware configuration.

BSC Subrack
The BSC subracks can be classified into the following types:
l l l

GMPS GEPS GTCS

Generally, both the GMPS and GEPS are referred to as the BM subrack, and the GTCS is referred to as the TC subrack. Both the BM subracks and the TC subracks have two interconnection modes.
l

Inter-Subrack TDM Interconnections The inter-subrack TDM interconnections between one BM subrack and another BM subrack and between one TC subrack and another TC subrack are established through the inter-GTNU cables. 6.1 Physical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

Inter-Subrack GE Interconnections The GSCUs in the BM subracks or in the TC subracks are connected in star topology through crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable. The subrack located in the center of the star topology is referred to as the main subrack, and the subracks connected to the main subrack are referred to as extension subracks. For the inter-subrack GE interconnection of BM subracks, the GMPS must be the main subrack, and the GEPS must be the extension subrack. For the inter-subrack GE interconnection of TC subracks, any TC subrack can be the main subrack, and the other TC subracks must be extension subracks. 7.1 Physical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem

Installation Modes of the GTCS


The installation modes of the GTCS are classified into local configuration and remote configuration based on the location of the GTCS. In local configuration mode, the GTCS and the GMPS/GEPS can be configured in the same cabinet. In this case, the GSCU in the GMPS and the GSCU in the GTCS are connected through crossover cables or unshielded straight-through cable. In remote configuration mode, the GTCS and the GMPS/GEPS are configured in different subracks. In other words, the GTCSs are configured in an independent GBSR. In this case, the GSCU in the GMPS is not connected to the GSCU in the GTCS.
l

Figure 5-1 shows the OM path between the GMPS and the GTCS in the case of the local configuration mode. Figure 5-2 shows the OM path between the GMPS and the GTCS in the case of the remote configuration mode.
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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Figure 5-1 OM path between the GMPS and the main GTCS (in local GTCS mode)
Main GTCS G E I U T G S C U Extension GTCS G G E S I C U U T

Ater GMPS G E I U T G S C U

GEPS

G S C U

G E I U T

Figure 5-2 OM path between the GMPS and the main GTCS (in remote GTCS mode)
Main GTCS G E I U T G S C U Ater Ater GMPS G G S E C I U U T GEPS G S C U G E I U T Extension GTCS G G E S I C U U T

As shown in Figure 5-1, when OM is performed on the local GTCS, the OM information is carried by the GE link between the GSCU in the GMPS and the GSCU in the main GTCS. The transmission rate is fast. As shown in Figure 5-2, when OM is performed on the remote GTCS, the OM information is carried by the E1/T1 link between the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GMPS and the GEIUT/GOIUT in the main GTCS. The transmission rate is slow. The application scenarios of the local GTCS and remote GTCS are as follows: If the distance between the GSCU in the GMPS and the GSCU in the main GTCS exceeds the maximum length of a crossover cable or a unshielded straight-through cable, the remote GTCS should be configured. Otherwise, the local GTCS should be configured. The maximum length of the cables delivered on site is 10 m.

Configuration Modes of BSC Subracks


The BSC subracks support the following configuration modes:
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

BM/TC separated In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the BSC consists of the GMPS/GEPS and GTCS. The GTCS can be configured on the BSC side or on the MSC side. Characteristics: In this configuration mode, the GTCS can be configured flexibly. The GTCS can be configured in an independent GBSR on the MSC side, thus saving the transmission resources between the BSC and the MSC. The GTCS can be configured on the BSC side and share a cabinet with other subracks.

BM/TC combined In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the TC function is performed by the GMPS or GEPS. When the TC is configured in the GMPS, the subrack is still referred to as the GMPS. When the TC is configured in the GEPS, the subrack is still referred to as the GEPS. In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the TC function is performed by the GDPUX. Characteristics: Compared with the BM/TC separated configuration mode, the BSC in BM/ TC combined configuration mode has a high density of integration. In addition, when the capacity is the same, the BSC in BM/TC combined configuration mode has fewer cabinets and subracks.

A over IP In A over IP configuration mode, the BSC consists of the GMPS/GEPS and is not configured with the GTCS. In this case, layer 3 of the A interface protocol stack uses IP, and the TC function is performed by the MGW. Thus, the GTCS is not required. Characteristics: In A over IP configuration mode, the BSC has few cabinets and subracks. In this case, the BSC must be connected to the Huawei MGW.

Types of PCU
The BSC supports two types of PCU: built-in PCU and external PCU.
l

The external PCU is an independent network element that provides PS service processing functions. It communicates with the BSC over the Pb interface, and communicates with the SGSN over the Gb interface. Characteristics: The external PCU requires a large floor area and is difficult for installation and maintenance.

The built-in PCU is the GDPUP, which provides PS service processing functions. The GDPUP is configured in the GMPS/GEPS. Application scenario: Compared with the external PCU, the built-in PCU is a board that can be installed in a BSC subrack. The built-in PCU features small footprint, easy cabling, and convenient installation and maintenance.

The requirements for the configuration of the PCU vary with the transmission modes over the Abis interface.
l

When the HDLC protocol is used for layer 2 or the IP protocol is used for layer 3 of the protocol stack on the Abis interface, the BSC must use the built-in PCU. If TDM transmission is used over the Abis interface, the BSC can use either the built-in PCU or the external PCU.

BSC Hardware Configuration Types


The BSC supports two types of server: GBAM and GOMU. The GBAM/GOMU enables the communication between the Local Maintenance Terminal and the BSC.
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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

The GBAM is independent from the BSC components. It is connected to the GSCU in the GMPS through the FE/GE port. If the GBAM is used, it is configured in subrack 0 of the GBCR. Characteristics: The GBAM occupies the space of one subrack in the GBCR. In addition, the cable connections for the GBAM are complex.

The GOMU is a type of board in the BSC. One GOMU occupies two slots. The GOMU should be installed in slots 00 to 03 or slots 20 to 23 or slots 24 to 27 in the GMPS. Characteristics: Compared with the GBAM, the GOMU requires a small installation space. In addition, the GOMU features simple cable connection and easy installation and maintenance.

The BSC hardware configuration is classified into configuration type A and configuration type B based on the server used.
l l

In configuration type A, the BSC is configured with the GBAM. In configuration type B, the BSC is configured with the GOMU. Compared with configuration type A, the BSC in configuration type B can save a subrack. In addition, the cable connection is simple and the installation and maintenance is easy.

5.2 BSC Hardware Configuration Type A


The BSC hardware configuration type A refers to the BSC configured with the GBAM, which enables the communication between the BSC and the LMT. The number of BSC cabinets and BSC subracks varies with the capacity requirements for the BSC. 5.2.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type A) In the BM/TC separated (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations. 5.2.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type A) In the BM/TC combined (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations. 5.2.3 A over IP (Configuration Type A) In the A over IP (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and IP transmission is used on the A interface. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

5.2.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type A)


In the BM/TC separated (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

Minimum Configuration
In the minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS, one GTCS, and one GIMS. In this case, the BSC supports 512 TRXs. The number of cabinets to be configured varies with the location of the GTCS.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

When the GTCS is configured on the BSC side, a minimum of one cabinet must be configured, as shown in Figure 5-3. When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side, a minimum of two cabinets must be configured, as shown in Figure 5-4.

Figure 5-3 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)

GTCS

GMPS

GIMS

GBCR

Figure 5-4 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side)

GMPS

GIMS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. The BSC in the maximum configuration supports 2,048 TRXs. In maximum configuration, the number of cabinets to be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface.

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When E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, three GEPSs, four GTCSs, and one GIMS in maximum configuration. The number of cabinets to be configured varies, depending on the location of the GTCS.
l

When the GTCS is configured on the BSC side, a maximum of three cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-5. When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side, a maximum four cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-6.

Figure 5-5 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)

GEPS

GTCS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GIMS

GEPS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

Figure 5-6 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side)

GEPS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GIMS

GEPS

GTCS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

GBSR

When STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, two GEPSs, two GTCSs, and one GIMS in maximum configuration.
l

When the GTCS is configured on the BSC side, a maximum of two cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-7.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side, a maximum of three cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-8.

Figure 5-7 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the BSC side)

GEPS

GTCS

GMPS

GTCS

GIMS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

Figure 5-8 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured on the MSC side)

GEPS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GIMS

GEPS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-1 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements.

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Table 5-1 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configurat ion Number of Cabinets GTCS Configured on the BSC Side 1 GTCS Configured on the MSC Side 2 Number of TRXs Remarks

1GMPS +1GTCS +GIMS

512

The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS +1GTCS +GIMS

512

1xGMPS +1xGEPS +GIMS +2xGTCS

1 280

1xGMPS +1xGEPS +GIMS +1xGTCS

1 280

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Configurat ion

Number of Cabinets GTCS Configured on the BSC Side 3 GTCS Configured on the MSC Side 4

Number of TRXs

Remarks

1GMPS +3GEPS +GIMS +4GTCS

2 048

The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS +2GEPS +GIMS +2GTCS

2 048

5.2.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type A)


In the BM/TC combined (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

Minimum Configuration
In minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS and one GIMS, as shown in Figure 5-9.

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Figure 5-9 BSC minimum configuration

GMPS

GIMS

GBCR

In minimum configuration, the number of TRXs that can be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface.
l

If the E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC in the minimum configuration supports 256 TRXs. If the STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC in the minimum configuration supports 384 TRXs.

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. One BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs and 15,360 speech channels. In the maximum configuration, the number of subracks to be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface.
l

When E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, three GEPSs, and one GIMS in maximum configuration. In this case, the BSC supports up to 1,792 TRXs. See Figure 5-10. When STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, two GEPSs, and one GIMS in maximum configuration. In this case, the BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs. See Figure 5-11.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 5-10 BSC maximum configuration (E1/T1 transmission used on the A interface)

GEPS

GMPS

GEPS

GIMS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

Figure 5-11 BSC maximum configuration (STM-1 transmission used on the A interface)

GEPS

GMPS

GIMS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-2 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements.

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Table 5-2 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configuration 1xGMPS+1xGIMS Number of Cabinets 1 Number of TRXs 256 Remarks The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/ T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/ T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/ T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/ GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/ T1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1xGMPS+1xGIMS

384

1GMPS+1GEPS +1GIMS

768

1GMPS+1GEPS +1GIMS

1,280

1GMPS+2GEPS +1GIMS

1,280

1GMPS+2GEPS +1GIMS

2,048

1GMPS+3GEPS +1GIMS

1,792

5.2.3 A over IP (Configuration Type A)


In the A over IP (configuration type A), the BSC is configured with the GBAM, and IP transmission is used on the A interface. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Minimum Configuration
In the minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS. In this case, the BSC supports 512 TRXs and 3,840 speech channels. See Figure 5-12. Figure 5-12 BSC minimum configuration

GMPS

GIMS

GBCR

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. In the maximum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS and two GEPSs, as shown in Figure 5-13. In this case, the BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs and 15,360 speech channels. Figure 5-13 BSC maximum configuration

GEPS

GMPS

GIMS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-3 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements. Table 5-3 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configuration 1xGMPS+1xGIMS Number of Cabinets 1 Number of TRXs 512 Remarks The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS+1GEPS +1GIMS

1 280

1GMPS+2GEPS +1GIMS

2 048

5.3 BSC Hardware Configuration Type B


In BSC hardware configuration type B, the BSC is configured with the GOMU, which enables the communication between the BSC and the LMT. The number of BSC cabinets and BSC subracks varies with the capacity requirements for the BSC. 5.3.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type B) In the BM/TC separated (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations. 5.3.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type B) In the BM/TC combined (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations. 5.3.3 A over IP (Configuration Type B) In the A over IP (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and IP transmission is used on the A interface. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

5.3.1 BM/TC Separated (Configuration Type B)


In the BM/TC separated (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

Minimum Configuration
In the minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS and one GTCS. In this case, the BSC supports 512 TRXs and 3,840 speech channels. The number of cabinets to be configured for a BSC varies with the location of the GTCS.
l

When the GTCS is configured locally, a minimum of one cabinet must be configured, as shown in Figure 5-14. When the GTCS is configured remotely, a minimum of two cabinets must be configured, as shown in Figure 5-15.

Figure 5-14 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured locally)

GTCS

GMPS

GBCR

Figure 5-15 BSC minimum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)

GMPS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. One BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs and 15,360 speech channels. In maximum configuration, the number of cabinets to be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface. When E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, three GEPSs, and four GTCSs in maximum configuration. The number of cabinets to be configured varies, depending on the location of the GTCS.
l l

When the GTCS is configured locally, a maximum of three cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-16. When the GTCS is configured remotely, a maximum four cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-17.

Figure 5-16 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured locally)

GEPS

GTCS

GEPS

GTCS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

Figure 5-17 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)

GEPS

GTCS

GEPS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

GBSR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

If STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS, two GEPSs, and two GTCSs in the maximum configuration.
l

When the GTCS is configured locally, a maximum of two cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-18. When the GTCS is configured remotely, a maximum of two cabinets can be configured, as shown in Figure 5-19.

Figure 5-18 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured locally)

GEPS

GTCS

GEPS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

Figure 5-19 BSC maximum configuration (GTCS configured remotely)

GEPS

GEPS

GTCS

GMPS

GEPS

GTCS

GBCR

GBSR

GBSR

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-4 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements.
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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Table 5-4 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configurat ion Number of Cabinets GTCS Configured Locally 1 GTCS Configured Remotely 2 Number of TRXs Remarks

1 x GMPS + 1 x GTCS

512

The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1 x GMPS + 1 x GTCS

512

1 x GMPS + 1 x GEPS + 2 x GTCS

1,280

1 x GMPS + 1 x GEPS + 1 x GTCS

1,280

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Configurat ion

Number of Cabinets GTCS Configured Locally 3 GTCS Configured Remotely 4

Number of TRXs

Remarks

1 x GMPS + 3 x GEPS + 4 x GTCS

2,048

The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the Abis/ Ater interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1 x GMPS + 2 x GEPS + 2 x GTCS

2,048

5.3.2 BM/TC Combined (Configuration Type B)


In the BM/TC combined (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

Minimum Configuration
In minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS, as shown in Figure 5-20. Figure 5-20 BSC minimum configuration

GMPS

GBCR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

In minimum configuration, the number of TRXs that can be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface.
l

If the E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC minimum configuration supports 256 TRXs. If the STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC minimum configuration supports 384 TRXs.

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. One BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs and 15,360 speech channels. In the maximum configuration, the number of cabinets and subracks to be configured varies with the transmission modes used on the A interface.
l

If E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS and three GEPSs in maximum configuration. In this case, the BSC supports up to 1,792 TRXs. See Figure 5-21. If STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface, the BSC can be configured with one GMPS and two GEPSs in maximum configuration. In this case, the BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs. See Figure 5-22.

Figure 5-21 BSC maximum configuration (E1/T1 transmission used on the A interface)

GEPS

GEPS

GMPS

GEPS

GBCR

GBSR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 5-22 BSC maximum configuration (STM-1 transmission used on the A interface)

GEPS

GEPS

GMPS

GBCR

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-5 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements. Table 5-5 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configuration Number of Cabinets 1 Number of TRXs 256 Remarks

1GMPS

The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS

384

1GMPS +1GEPS

768

1GMPS +1GEPS

1,280

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Configuration

Number of Cabinets 1

Number of TRXs 1,280

Remarks

1GMPS +2GEPS

The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The STM-1 transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The E1/T1 transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS +2GEPS

2,048

1GMPS +3GEPS

1,792

5.3.3 A over IP (Configuration Type B)


In the A over IP (configuration type B), the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, and IP transmission is used on the A interface. The following describes the maximum, minimum, and recommended configurations.

Minimum Configuration
In the minimum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS. In this case, the BSC supports 512 TRXs and 3,840 speech channels. See Figure 5-23. Figure 5-23 BSC minimum configuration

GMPS

GBCR

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5 BSC Hardware Configuration

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Maximum Configuration
The maximum configuration of the BSC is achieved through capacity expansion from its minimum configuration. In the maximum configuration, the BSC is configured with one GMPS and two GEPSs, as shown in Figure 5-24. In this case, the BSC supports up to 2,048 TRXs and 15,360 speech channels. Figure 5-24 BSC maximum configuration

GEPS

GEPS

GMPS

GBCR

Recommended Configuration
Table 5-6 lists the recommended configuration of the BSC. You can choose the appropriate configuration based on the actual requirements. Table 5-6 Recommended configuration of the BSC Configuration 1GMPS Number of Cabinets 1 Number of TRXs 512 Remarks The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface. The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface.

1GMPS +1GEPS

1,280

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

5 BSC Hardware Configuration

Configuration 1GMPS +2GEPS

Number of Cabinets 1

Number of TRXs 2,048

Remarks The E1/T1, STM-1, or FE/GE transmission is used on the Abis interface. The FE/GE transmission is used on the A interface.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

About This Chapter


The Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) switching subsystem performs data exchange in the circuit switched (CS) domain. 6.1 Physical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem The BSC TDM switching subsystem consists of the GTNU, GDPUX, interface boards, backplane in the subrack, and inter-GTNU cables. 6.2 Logical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem Logically, the BSC TDM switching subsystem consists of the TDM switching unit, TDM access unit, and TDM processing unit.

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6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

6.1 Physical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem


The BSC TDM switching subsystem consists of the GTNU, GDPUX, interface boards, backplane in the subrack, and inter-GTNU cables.

Inter-Subrack TDM Interconnections


Inter-subrack TDM interconnections are classified into two types:
l

TDM interconnections between the GMPS and the GEPS The TDM interconnections between the GMPS and the GEPS are established through the inter-GTNU cables, as shown in Figure 6-1.

TDM interconnections between the GTCSs In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the TDM interconnections between the GTCSs exist. The TDM interconnections between the GTCSs are also established through interGTNU cables, as shown in Figure 6-2.

Figure 6-1 TDM interconnections between GMPS and GEPS

GMPS G T N U Active G T N U Standby

GEPS G T N U Active G T N U Standby

Figure 6-2 TDM interconnections between GTCSs

GTCS G T N U Active G T N U G D P U C

GTCS G T N U Active G T N U G D P U C Standby

Standby

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6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GMPS/GEPS communicates with the GTCS over the Ater interface. In this case, there are no inter-subrack TDM interconnections between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS. The BSC supports the TDM interconnections of up to four subracks. The combination of the four subracks is as follows:
l l

One GMPS and three GEPSs Four GTCSs

Intra-Subrack TDM Interconnections


Figure 6-3 shows the intra-subrack TDM interconnections of the GMPS/GEPS/GTCS. Note that the TDM interconnections in the GMPS, GEPS, and GTCS are the same. Figure 6-3 Intra-subrack TDM interconnections
GMPS/GEPS/GTCS Active GTNU Standby GTNU

Service board 1

Service board 2

Service board 24

As shown in Figure 6-3, the GTNU works in active/standby mode. The other boards in the subrack communicate with the active and standby GTNUs through the TDM paths of the backplane.

6.2 Logical Structure of the BSC TDM Switching Subsystem


Logically, the BSC TDM switching subsystem consists of the TDM switching unit, TDM access unit, and TDM processing unit. Figure 6-4 shows the logical structure of the BSC TDM switching subsystem.

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6 BSC TDM Switching Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 6-4 Logical structure of the BSC TDM switching subsystem


GMPS TDM access unit GTCS TDM access unit TDM switching unit TDM processing unit TDM switching unit

GEPS TDM switching unit

GTCS TDM access unit TDM processing unit TDM switching unit

TDM access unit

Inter-GTNU cable

E1/T1 cable or optical cable

TDM path on the backplane

TDM Switching Unit


The functions of the TDM switching unit are performed by the GTNU. The TDM switching unit supports 128Kx128K TDM switching and provides CS data switching links in the BSC. The GTNU provides 30 low voltage differential signal (LVDS) high-speed serial ports. Where, 24 LVDS high-speed serial ports enable the TDM switching between the ports on the GTNU panel and the backplane, and the other 6 LVDS high-speed serial ports enable the TDM switching between GTNUs. Each route of the TDM switching has a bandwidth of 64 kbit/s.

TDM Access Unit


The functions of the TDM access unit are performed by the GEIUA/GOIUA, GEIUB/GOIUB, GEIUP/GOIUP, GEIUT/GOIUT. Each board supports 32Kx32K TDM switching. Each board provides two LVDS high-speed serial ports to enable the TDM switching between the port on the board (GEIUA/GOIUA, GEIUB/GOIUB, GEIUP/GOIUP, or GEIUT/GOIUT) panel and the backplane. As shown in Figure 6-4, the TDM switching between the GMPS/GEPS and the GTCS is performed by the GEIUT/GOIUT in each subrack.

TDM Processing Unit


The functions of the TDM processing unit are performed by the GDPUX. The TDM processing unit supports 16Kx16K TDM switching. Each GDPUX provides two LVDS high-speed serial ports to enable the TDM switching between the digital signal processing (DSP) module in the GDPUX and the backplane.
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7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem

7
About This Chapter

BSC GE Switching Subsystem

The Gigabit Ethernet (GE) switching subsystem performs the GE switching and packet switching of the signaling and OM information in the BSC. 7.1 Physical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem The BSC GE switching subsystem consists of the backplane of the subrack, GSCU, and crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable. 7.2 Logical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem Logically, the BSC GE switching subsystem consists of the central processing unit, network unit, and interface unit. 7.3 Features of BSC GE Switching This describes the features of the BSC GE switching.

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7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

7.1 Physical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem


The BSC GE switching subsystem consists of the backplane of the subrack, GSCU, and crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable.

Inter-Subrack GE Interconnections
Inter-subrack GE interconnections are classified into two types:
l

GE interconnection between the GMPS and the GEPS The GMPS serves as the main subrack, and a maximum of three GEPSs serve as extension subracks. The GMPS and the GEPSs are connected in the star topology through crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable between the GSCUs, as shown in Figure 7-1.

GE interconnection between the GTCSs One GTCS works as the main subrack, and a maximum of three GTCSs work as extension subracks. The GTCSs are connected in the star topology through crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable between the GSCUs, as shown in Figure 7-2.

Figure 7-1 GE interconnection between the GMPS and the GEPS


Extension GEPS Extension GEPS G S C U G S C U G S C U G S C U

GMPS

G S C U

G S C U

Active

Standby

Active

Standby

Active

Standby

Figure 7-2 GE interconnection between the GTCSs


Extension GTCS G S C U G S C U Extension GTCS G S C U G S C U G S C U G S C U

Main GTCS

Active Standby

Active

Standby

Active Standby

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7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem

As shown in Figure 7-1 and Figure 7-2, the active and standby GSCUs in one subrack are connected to the active and standby GSCUs in another subrack through crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable to achieve GE switching between subracks. The bandwidth of the GE switching between subracks is 4 Gbit/s. When GTCSs are configured on the BSC side, the GSCU in the GMPS communicates with the GSCU in the main GTCS through crossover cable or unshielded straight-through cable. When the GTCS is configured on the MSC side, the GMPS communicates with the main GTCS over the Ater interface. In this case, the GE interconnection between the GMPS and the main GTCS is not established.

Intra-Subrack GE Interconnection
The intra-subrack GE interconnection refers to the GE interconnection between the active and standby GSCUs and the other boards in the same subrack, as shown in Figure 7-3. Figure 7-3 Intra-subrack GE interconnection
GMPS/GEPS/GTCS Active GSCU Standby GSCU

Service board 1

Service board 2

Service board 24

As shown in Figure 7-3, in one subrack, the active and standby GSCUs and the other boards communicate with each other through the GE switching paths on the backplane. The bandwidth of each GE switching path within a subrack is 2 Gbit/s.

7.2 Logical Structure of the BSC GE Switching Subsystem


Logically, the BSC GE switching subsystem consists of the central processing unit, network unit, and interface unit. Figure 7-4 shows the logical structure of the BSC GE switching subsystem.

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7 BSC GE Switching Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 7-4 Logical structure of the BSC GE switching subsystem

Interface unit

Interface unit

Interface unit

Central processing unit

Central processing unit

Central processing unit

Network unit GSCU GEPS

Network unit GSCU GMPS

Network unit GSCU Main GTCS

Central Processing Unit


The functions of the central processing unit are performed by the GSCU. The central processing unit performs the following management functions of the GE switching subsystem: initialization, configuration, maintenance, test, fault management, port trunking management, and switchover management.

Network Unit
The functions of the network unit are performed by the GSCU. The network unit performs the Media Access Control (MAC) address self-learning, address entry adding, address entry deleting, GE line rate switching, L2 unicasting and broadcasting, and port trunking.

Interface Unit
The functions of the interface unit are performed by the GSCU. The interface unit receives and transmits Ethernet packets.

7.3 Features of BSC GE Switching


This describes the features of the BSC GE switching. The GE switching has the following features:
l

The GSCU and other boards are interconnected in the star topology. In other words, the communication of any two boards should pass through the GSCU. The GSCU supports the centralized and non-blocking line-rate Layer 2 (L2) switching. The GSCU provides 60 GE ports, which support 60 Gbit/s line-rate switching. The ports on the GSCU support port trunking.

l l l

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8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem

BSC Service Processing Subsystem

About This Chapter


The BSC service processing subsystem performs voice coding/decoding, rate matching, and PS service processing. 8.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem Physically, the BSC service processing subsystem consists of the GDPUP and GDPUX. 8.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem Logically, the BSC service processing subsystem consists of the CS service processing subsystem and PS service processing subsystem. The functions of the CS service processing subsystem are performed by the CS digital signal processing (DSP) module in the GDPUX. The functions of the PS service processing subsystem are performed by the PS DSP module in the GDPUP.

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8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

8.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem


Physically, the BSC service processing subsystem consists of the GDPUP and GDPUX. The number of configured GDPUPs and the number of configured GDPUXs depend on the traffic volume of CS services and PS services.
l

The GDPUX processes CS services. It is recommended that the GDPUX be configured in slots 08-11 in the GMPS, in slots 00-03, 08-13, and 14-27 in the GEPS, and in slots 00-03 and 08-13 in the GTCS. In different configuration modes of the BSC subracks, the GDPUX performs different functions:

In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GDPUX configured in the GMPS/GEPS performs IP packet-TRAU conversion and forwarding; the GDPUX configured in the GTCS performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching. In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the GDPUX performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching. Meanwhile, if the HDLC transmission or IP transmission is used on the Abis interface, the GDPUX also performs IP packet-TRAU conversion. In A over IP configuration mode, the GDPUX performs IP packet-TRAU conversion and forwarding.

The GDPUP processes PS services. It is recommended that the GDPUP be configured in slots 08-11 in the GMPS and in slots 08-13 in the GEPS.
NOTE

When the HDLC transmission or IP transmission is used on the Abis interface, the external PCU cannot be used. In other words, the BSC must be configured with the GDPUP to process PS services.

Based on the configuration modes of the BSC subracks and different types of PCU, the BSC service processing subsystem comprises different components:
l

In BM/TC separated configuration mode

When the external PCU is used, the BSC service processing subsystem comprises the GDPUXs in the GTCS, as shown in Figure 8-1. When the built-in PCU is used, the BSC service processing subsystem comprises the GDPUXs and GDPUPs in the GMPS/GEPS, and the GDPUXs in the GTCS, as shown in Figure 8-2.
NOTE

In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GMPS/GEPS is configured with the GDPUX only when the HDLC transmission or IP transmission is used over the Abis interface.

Figure 8-1 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (1)
G D P U X 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 G D P U X 10 G D P U X 11 G D P U X 12 G D P U X 13

GTCS

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8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem

Figure 8-2 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (2)
G D P U X
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

G D P U X
10

G D P U X
11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GTCS

G D P U P
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

G D P U P
10

G D P U X
11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GEPS

G D P U P
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09

G D P U X
10

G D P U X
11 12 13

GMPS

In BM/TC combined or A over IP configuration mode

When the external PCU is used, the BSC service processing subsystem comprises the GDPUXs, which are configured in the GMPS/GEPS, as shown in Figure 8-3. When the built-in PCU is used, the BSC service processing subsystem comprises the GDPUP and GDPUX in the GMPS/GEPS, as shown in Figure 8-4.

Figure 8-3 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (3)
G D P U X
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GEPS

G D P U X
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GEPS

G D P U X
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10

G D P U X
11 12 13

GMPS

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 8-4 Physical structure of the BSC service processing subsystem (4)
G D P U P
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

G D P U P
09

G D P U X
10

G D P U X
11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GEPS

G D P U P
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

G D P U P
09

G D P U X
10

G D P U X
11

G D P U X
12

G D P U X
13

GEPS

G D P U P
00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08

G D P U X
09

G D P U X
10

G D P U X
11 12 13

GMPS

NOTE

The GDPUX/GDPUP consists of 22 DSP modules. After being loaded with different software, the GDPUX/ GDPUP performs different functions:
l

Voice coding/decoding and rate matching The voice coding/decoding and rate matching functions are performed by the GDPUX. In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GDPUX is configured in the GTCS. In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the GDPUX is configured in the GMPS/GEPS.

Voice frame format conversion The voice frame format conversion function is performed by the GDPUX configured in the GMPS/ GEPS.

PS service processing The PS service processing function is performed by the GDPUP, which is configured in the GMPS/ GEPS.

At present, all the DSP modules in one GDPUX/GDPUP must be loaded with the same software. Therefore, they perform the same functions.

8.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Processing Subsystem


Logically, the BSC service processing subsystem consists of the CS service processing subsystem and PS service processing subsystem. The functions of the CS service processing subsystem are performed by the CS digital signal processing (DSP) module in the GDPUX. The functions of the PS service processing subsystem are performed by the PS DSP module in the GDPUP.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem

CS Service Processing Subsystem


The functions of the CS service processing subsystem are performed by the CS DSP module in the GDPUX. Figure 8-5 shows the logical structure of the CS service processing subsystem. Figure 8-5 Logical structure of the CS service processing subsystem
TRAU frame Transmit and receive data Compress/Restore Encode/Decode Covert data format Transmit and receive data RTP frame PCM frame

TDM switching subsystem

TDM switching subsystem GE switching subsystem

GE switching subsystem PTRAU frame

Reorder/Eliminate jitter CS DSP module CS service processing subsystem

The following takes the transmission of CS traffic signals from the BSC to the MGW as an example. When IP transmission is used on both the Abis interface and the A interface, the CS DSP module processes traffic signals as follows: 1. 2. 3. The CS DSP module receives a PTRAU frame. The CS DSP module converts the PTRAU frame into the RTP frame. It also adjusts the frame order and eliminates jitter. The RTP frame is switched to the GFGUA by the GSCU, and then is transmitted to the MGW over the A interface.

PS Service Processing Subsystem


The functions of the PS service processing subsystem are performed by the PS DSP module in the GDPUP. Figure 8-6 shows the logical structure of the PS service processing subsystem. Figure 8-6 Logical structure of the PS service processing subsystem
TRAU frame Transmit and receive data Reorder/Eliminate jitter PS DSP module PS service processing subsystem

TDM switching subsystem

Covert data format Transmit and receive data FR/IP frame GE switching subsystem

GE switching subsystem PTRAU frame

The following takes the transmission of PS signals from the BSC to the SGSN as an example. When IP transmission is used on the Abis interface and on the Gb interface, the service processing procedure of the PS DSP module is as follows:
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8 BSC Service Processing Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

1. 2. 3.

The PS DSP module of the GDPUP receives a PTRAU frame. The PS DSP module adjusts the frame order and eliminates jitter. It then extracts the RLC/ MAC data blocks and encapsulates the data blocks into LLC PDUs. The LLC PDUs are encapsulated by the PS DSP module at the BSSGP/NS layer and then switched to the GFGUG by the GSCU. Then, the LLC PDUs are transmitted to the SGSN over the Gb interface in the form of IP frames.

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9 BSC Service Control Subsystem

BSC Service Control Subsystem

About This Chapter


The BSC service control subsystem performs the following functions: paging control, system information management, channel assignment, BTS public service management, call control, packet service control, handover and power control, cell broadcast short message service, BTS OM, and TC resource pool management. 9.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Service Control Subsystem This describes the components of the BSC service control subsystem. 9.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Control Subsystem The BSC service control subsystem performs the following functions: paging control, message management, channel assignment, BTS public service management, call control, packet service control, handover and power control, cell broadcast short message service, and TC resource pool management.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

9.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Service Control Subsystem


This describes the components of the BSC service control subsystem. The components of the BSC service control subsystem are as follows:
l l l

GXPUM and GXPUT configured in the GMPS/GEPS GBAM/GOMU GSCU configured in the GTCS

9.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Service Control Subsystem


The BSC service control subsystem performs the following functions: paging control, message management, channel assignment, BTS public service management, call control, packet service control, handover and power control, cell broadcast short message service, and TC resource pool management.

Paging Control
The GXPUM/GXPUT performs the following paging control functions:
l l

Sends paging messages from the A and Pb/Gb interfaces to the BSC Sends the paging messages to the specified cells

System Information Management


The GXPUM performs the following system information management functions:
l l

Constructs various system information according to the GSM protocols and sends it to cells Initiates a procedure for sending CS or PS system information in the following situations: configuration of BSC data in online mode, change in the BTS management state, initiation of requests from the BTS, initiation of requests from the PCU, or restoration of the RSL

Channel Assignment
The GXPUM performs the following channel assignment functions:
l l

Assigns radio channels for CS services and PS services Performs dynamic conversion between CS channels and PS channels

BTS Public Service Management


The GXPUM performs the following BTS public service management functions: BTS configuration management and BTS state management.
l

The BTS configuration management is responsible for the configuration and query of the BTS data. It performs the following functions: initial configuration, dynamic configuration, dynamic adjustment of channel types, and BTS initialization management. It also performs resetting, blocking, and unblocking of logical objects of a BTS.
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9 BSC Service Control Subsystem

The BTS state management is responsible for channel state synchronization, OML transmission state synchronization, TRX mutual aid, and BTS resource check.

Call Control
The GXPUM/GXPUT performs the following CS call control functions: call establishment, call release, and call handover.

PS Service Control
The GXPUM/GXPUT performs the following PS service control functions:
l

Requests and releases a PDCH, checks PS service resources, controls and broadcasts PS system information Establishes PS transmission paths between the PCU and the BTS, and performs dynamic conversion between PDCHs and TCHs

Handover and Power Control


The GXPUM/GXPUT performs the following handover and power control functions:
l

Initial processing of measurement reports It includes the functions of interpolation, filtering, and prediction. Cell sorting and handover decision The cell sorting is classified into basic cell sorting and adjustment based on network characteristics. The handover decision is classified into forced handover decision, directed retry decision, handover candidates query decision, emergency handover decision, common handover decision, and performance handover decision.

Power Control Power control functions are implemented through the signal level dual-threshold power control algorithm, signal quality dual-threshold power control algorithm, power control compensation algorithm, and power control comprehensive decision algorithm.

Cell Broadcast Short Message Service


The GXPUM enables the cell broadcast short message service. The GXPUM processes the cell broadcast short message service as follows:
l l

The GXPUM obtains cell information and sends it to the CBC. Upon reception of the broadcast request message from the CBC, the GXPUM saves and schedules the message, and then sends it to the BTS.

BTS Operation and Maintenance


The operation and maintenance of the BTS is performed by the GBAM/GOMU. The specific operations are BTS routine maintenance, BTS alarm management, BTS software management, and BTS test management.

TC Resource Pool Management


The TC resource pool of the BSC supports various types of services. For example, one TC resource pool can support Full Rate (FR) calls, Enhanced Full Rate (EFR) calls, Half Rate (HR)
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

calls, and Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) calls. The TC resources used for the same type of service, however, are located in one resource pool. In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the TC resource management is performed by the GSCU in the GTCS. In BM/TC combined or A over IP configuration mode, the TC resource management is performed by the GXPUM in the GMPS/GEPS. The TC resource management involves the following aspects:
l

Automatically detects faulty TC resources and allocates available TC resources for new calls, thus improving system reliability. Allocates TC resources based on the CPU usage of DSP units so that the call congestion rate caused by faulty TC resources is reduced

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem

10

BSC Interface Processing Subsystem

About This Chapter


The BSC interface and signaling processing subsystem processes the signaling on the BSC interfaces. 10.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem The BSC interface processing subsystem consists of the interface boards and the GXPUM. 10.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem Logically, the BSC interface processing subsystem consists of the following units: Abis interface processing unit, A interface processing unit, Ater interface processing unit, Pb interface processing unit, Gb interface processing unit, and Cb interface processing unit.

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10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

10.1 Physical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem


The BSC interface processing subsystem consists of the interface boards and the GXPUM. Figure 10-1 shows the physical structure of the BSC interface processing subsystem. Figure 10-1 Physical structure of the BSC interface processing subsystem
To PCU To BM/TC subrack

To BTS

G E H U B

G O G U B

G F G U B

G O I U B

G E I U B

G O I U P

G E I U P

G O I U T

G E I U T G O G U A

G F G U A

G O I U A

G E I U A

To MSC/MGW

G X P U M

G F G U G

G E P U G

BSC6000 To CBC Server To SGSN

Table 10-1 shows the physical entities of the BSC interface processing subsystem. Table 10-1 Physical entities of the BSC interface processing subsystem Board Type Abis interface boards Board Name
l l l l l

GEIUB: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GOIUB: provides the STM-1 optical port GFGUB: provides FE/GE electrical ports GOGUB: provides the GE optical ports GEHUB: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GEIUA: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GOIUA: provides STM-1 optical port GFGUA: provides FE/GE electrical ports GOGUA: provides GE optical ports GEIUT: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GOIUT: provides STM-1 optical port
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A interface boards

l l l l

Ater interface boards

l l

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem

Board Type Gb interface boards

Board Name
l l

GFGUG: provides FE/GE electrical ports GEPUG: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GEIUP: provides E1/T1 electrical ports GOIUP: provides STM-1 optical port

Pb interface boards

l l

Cb interface board

GXPUM: provides FE electrical ports

10.2 Logical Structure of the BSC Interface Processing Subsystem


Logically, the BSC interface processing subsystem consists of the following units: Abis interface processing unit, A interface processing unit, Ater interface processing unit, Pb interface processing unit, Gb interface processing unit, and Cb interface processing unit. Figure 10-2 shows the BSC interfaces. Figure 10-2 BSC interfaces
CBC Cb Abis BTS GMPS/GEPS Ater GTCS A MSC/MGW

BSC6000 Pb PCU Gb SGSN

As shown in Figure 10-2, the BSC is connected to the MSC/MGW over the A interface, to the BTS over the Abis interface, to the PCU over the Pb interface, to the SGSN over the Gb interface, and to the CBC over the Cb interface. The GMPS/GEPS is connected to the GTCS over the Ater interface.

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10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem


NOTE

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Based on the types of the PCU and the configuration modes of the BSC subracks, the BSC provides the following interfaces:
l l l

When the built-in PCU is used, the BSC provides the Gb interface. When the external PCU is used, the BSC provides the Pb interface. In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the BM and the TC communicate with each other over the Ater interface.

Abis Interface Processing Unit


The BSC and the BTS communicate with each other over the Abis interface. The Abis interface processing unit can be the GEIUB/GOIUB, GFGUB/GOGUB, GEHUB. The Abis interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l

Provides E1/T1 electrical ports, STM-1 optical ports, FE/GE electrical ports, and GE optical ports. Receives and transmits the signaling and traffic signals between the BSC and the BTS Converts internal protocols Processes HDLC and IP protocols Forwards signaling to the service control subsystem Forwards traffic signals to the service processing subsystem

l l l l l

A Interface Processing Unit


The BSC and the MSC/MGW communicate with each other over the A interface. The A interface processing unit can be the GEIUA/GOIUA or GFGUA/GOGUA. The A interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l

Provides E1/T1 electrical ports, STM-1 optical ports, FE/GE electrical ports, and GE optical ports. Receives and transmits signaling and traffic signals between the BSC and the MSC/MGW Converts internal protocols Performs the IP protocol processing if IP transmission is used over the A interface, and performs the MTP2 protocol processing if the BM and the TC are configured in the same subrack. Forwards the signaling from the core network to the GE switching subsystem Forwards the traffic signals from the core network to the GE switching subsystem or to the TDM switching subsystem

l l l

l l

Ater Interface Processing Unit


In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the BM and the TC communicate with each other over the Ater interface. The Ater interface processing unit can be the GEIUT/GOIUT. The Ater interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l l

Provides E1/T1 electrical ports and STM-1 optical ports Receives and transmits signaling and traffic signals between the BM subrack and the TC subrack Processes HDLC and PPP protocols
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l l l

10 BSC Interface Processing Subsystem

Processes the MTP2 protocol Forwards signaling to the GE switching subsystem Forwards traffic signals to the TDM switching subsystem

Pb Interface Processing Unit


When the external PCU is used, the BSC provides the Pb interface to enable the communication between the BSC and the PCU. The Pb interface processing unit can be the GEIUP/GOIUP. The Pb interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l l l l

Provides E1/T1 electrical ports and STM-1 optical ports Receives and transmits signaling and traffic signals between the BSC and the PCU Forwards signaling to the GE switching subsystem Forwards traffic signals to the TDM switching subsystem

Gb Interface Processing Unit


When the built-in PCU is used, the BSC provides the Gb interface to enable the communication between the BSC and the SGSN. The Gb interface processing unit can be the GEPUG/GFGUG/ GOGUG. The Gb interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l l l l

Provides E1/T1 electrical ports, FE/GE electrical ports, and GE optical ports. Receives and transmits signaling and traffic signals between the BSC and the SGSN Processes the signaling according to the FR/IP protocol Forwards signaling and traffic signals to the GE switching subsystem

Cb Interface Processing Unit


The BSC and the CBC communicate with each other over the Cb interface. The Cb interface processing unit is the GXPUM. The Cb interface processing unit performs the following functions:
l l l

Provides FE/GE electrical ports Receives and transmits the signaling between the BSC and the CBC Forwards signaling to the GE switching subsystem

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

11 BSC Clock Subsystem

11
About This Chapter

BSC Clock Subsystem

The BSC clock subsystem consists of the GGCU and the clock processing unit in each subrack. The clock subsystem provides the working clock for the BSC and provides the reference clock for the BTS. 11.1 BSC Clock Sources The BSC can use two clock sources: Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock and line clock. Each clock source supports 1+1 backup. 11.2 BSC Clock Synchronization This describes the clock synchronization of the BSC subracks in different combination modes.

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11 BSC Clock Subsystem

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

11.1 BSC Clock Sources


The BSC can use two clock sources: Building Integrated Timing Supply (BITS) clock and line clock. Each clock source supports 1+1 backup.

BITS Clock
The BSC extracts the BITS clock signals from a BITS device. There are two types of BITS clock signals: 2 MHz and 2 Mbit/s clock signals. BITS clock signals have two inputs: BITS0 and BITS1. The BSC extracts the BITS clock signals from the clock input ports on the GGCU panel. The clock signals serve as the reference clock for the GMPS/GEPS.
NOTE

l l l

BITS0 and BITS1 correspond to the CLKIN0 and CLKIN1 ports on the GGCU panel respectively. The 2 Mbit/s clock source has a higher anti-interference capability than the 2 MHz clock source. When IP transmission is used over the A interface, the BSC can use only the BITS clock.

Line Clock
Line clock is the 8 kHz clock extracted over the A interface by the GTCS. The line clock has two inputs: LINE0 and LINE1. Based on the configuration modes of the BSC subracks, the BSC uses different methods to obtain the line clock, which are described as follows:
l

In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GTCS extracts the line clock signals from the A interface. The GGCU extracts the line clock signals from the Ater interface, and then provides reference clock for the GMPS/GEPS. In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the GMPS extracts the line clock signals from the A interface. Then, the clock signals are transmitted to the GGCU through the backplane. In A over IP configuration mode, the BSC cannot use the line clock.

11.2 BSC Clock Synchronization


This describes the clock synchronization of the BSC subracks in different combination modes.

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NOTE

11 BSC Clock Subsystem

If the built-in PCU is used and the Gb interface board is the GEPUG, the GEPUG traces the clock signals in the SGSN and takes it as the reference clock. Thus, the GEPUG achieves synchronization with the SGSN. If the GEPUG uses the clock signals from the SGSN, ensure the following configurations:
l l l

Each GEPUG must be configured with the SGSN clock. Each GEPUG should extract the clock signals from the SGSN that is connected to the GEPUG. The clock signal of one GEPUG is independent from that of another GEPUG. If one GEPUG is connected to multiple SGSNs, the GEPUG can trace only one of the SGSN clocks. In addition, these SGSN must use the same clock source.

If the IP transmission is used on the Abis interface, the BSC cannot provide reference clock for the BTS. In this case, the BTS obtains the reference clock through one of the following ways:
l l

The BTS traces the clock of the transport network through an E1/T1 cable. The BTS traces the clock of the IP clock server through an Ethernet cable.

11.2.1 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Separated) This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS and GTCS in BM/TC separated configuration mode. 11.2.2 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Combined) This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS in BM/TC combined configuration mode. 11.2.3 BSC Clock Synchronization (A over IP) This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS in A over IP configuration mode.

11.2.1 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Separated)


This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS and GTCS in BM/TC separated configuration mode.

Clock Synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS


The clock signals in the GMPS/GEPS are provided by the GGCU. The GGCU either extracts BITS clock signals from the BITS clock equipment or extracts line clock signals from the Ater interface.
l

Figure 11-1 shows the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS when the GGCU extracts BITS clock signals from the BITS clock equipment. Figure 11-2 shows the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS when the GGCU extracts line clock signals from the Ater interface.

Figure 11-1 Clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (BITS clock source)

BITS clock

G G C U

G S C U

Service board

G S C U

Service board

GMPS BSC6000 Y-shaped clock cable

GEPS

Clock signal

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 11-2 Clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (line clock source)

Line clock

G E I U T

G G C U

G S C U

Service board

G S C U

Service board

GMPS BSC6000 Y-shaped clock cable

GEPS

Clock signal

As shown in Figure 11-1 and Figure 11-2, the procedure for synchronizing clock signals in the GMPS/GEPS is as follows: 1. If the clock source is the BITS clock, the BITS clock signals are transmitted to the GGCU through the GGCU panel. If the clock source is the line clock, the line clock signals are transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GMPS over the Ater interface, and then transmitted to the GGCU through the backplane. After a phase lock in the GGCU, the line clock signals change into 8 kHz clock signals.
l

2.

In the GMPS, the 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU to the GSCU through the backplane. The 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU panel in the GMPS to the GSCU in the GEPS through a Y-shaped clock cable.

3.

The GSCU in the GMPS/GEPS transmits the 8 kHz clock signals to the other boards in the GMPS/GEPS through the backplane.

Clock Synchronization in the GTCS


The GTCS extracts line clock signals from the A interface. Figure 11-3 shows the clock synchronization in the GTCS. Figure 11-3 Clock synchronization in the GTCS

A Service board G S C U GTCS BSC6000 E1/T1 cable Clock signal G E I U A M S C

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11 BSC Clock Subsystem

The clock signals in the GTCS are processed in the following manner: 1. 2. 3. The GTCS extracts line clock signals from the A interface. The line clock signals are processed by the GEIUA/GOIUA. Then, 8 kHz clock signals are generated. The backplane in the GTCS transmits the 8 kHz clock signals to the GSCU in the GTCS. Then, the GSCU transmits the 8 kHz clock signals to the other boards in the GTCS. The GEIUT/GOIUT in the main GTCS extracts the 8 kHz clock signals from the backplane, and then transmits the clock signals to the GMPS over the Ater interface.

11.2.2 BSC Clock Synchronization (BM/TC Combined)


This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS in BM/TC combined configuration mode.

Clock Synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (BITS Clock Source)


Figure 11-4 shows the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS that uses the BITS clock source. Figure 11-4 BSC clock synchronization procedure (BITS clock source)

BITS clock

G G C U

G S C U

Service board

G S C U

Service board

GMPS BSC6000 Y-shaped clock cable

GEPS

Clock signal

The clock signals in the GMPS/GEPS are processed in the following manner: 1. 2. The BITS clock signals are transmitted to the GGCU through the GGCU panel. After a phase lock in the GGCU, the BITS clock signals change into 8 kHz clock signals.
l

In the GMPS, the 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU to the GSCU through the backplane. The 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU panel in the GMPS to the GSCU in the GEPS through a Y-shaped clock cable.

3.

The GSCU in the GMPS/GEPS transmits the 8 kHz clock signals to the other boards in the GMPS/GEPS through the backplane.

Clock Synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS (Line Clock Source)


Figure 11-5 shows the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS that uses the line clock source.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 11-5 BSC clock synchronization procedure (line clock source)

Service board

G S C U

Service board

G S C U

G G C U

G E I U A

Line clock

M S C

GEPS BSC6000 Y-shaped clock cable

GMPS

E1/T1 cable

Clock signal

The clock signals in the GMPS/GEPS are processed in the following manner: 1. 2. The GMPS extracts line clock signals over the A interface. The line clock signals are processed by the GEIUA/GOIUA and then are converted into 8 kHz clock signals. In the GMPS, the 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted to the GGCU through the backplane. After a phase lock in the GGCU, the 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted to the other boards in the GMPS through the GSCU. The 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU in the GMPS to the GSCU in each GEPS. Then, the GSCU in each GEPS forwards the clock signals to the other boards in the GEPS.

3.

11.2.3 BSC Clock Synchronization (A over IP)


This describes the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS in A over IP configuration mode. In A over IP configuration mode, the BSC cannot use the line clock. Figure 11-6 shows the clock synchronization in the GMPS/GEPS that uses the BITS clock source. Figure 11-6 BSC clock synchronization procedure (BITS clock source)

BITS clock

G G C U

G S C U

Service board

G S C U

Service board

GMPS BSC6000 Y-shaped clock cable

GEPS

Clock signal

The clock signals in the GMPS/GEPS are processed in the following manner: 1. 2.
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The BITS clock signals are transmitted to the GGCU through the GGCU panel. After a phase lock in the GGCU, the BITS clock signals change into the 8 kHz clock signals.
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l

11 BSC Clock Subsystem

In the GMPS, the 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU to the GSCU through the backplane. The 8 kHz clock signals are transmitted from the GGCU panel in the GMPS to the GSCU in the GEPS through a Y-shaped clock cable.

3.

The GSCU in the GMPS/GEPS transmits the 8 kHz clock signals to the other boards in the GMPS/GEPS through the backplane.

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12 BSC Power Subsystem

12
Power Lead-In Part

BSC Power Subsystem

The BSC power subsystem adopts dual-circuit redundancy and point-by-point monitoring solution, which is highly reliable. The BSC power subsystem comprises the power lead-in part and the power distribution part.

The power lead-in part leads the power from the DC power distribution cabinet to the power distribution boxes of the BSC cabinet. The power lead-in part consists of the DC power distribution cabinet, power distribution box, and cables between them. At present, the BSC supports two types of power distribution box: common power distribution box and high-power distribution box. Figure 12-1 and Figure 12-2 show the power lead-in parts of the two types of power distribution box. Figure 12-1 Power lead-in part (common power distribution box)

To DC power distribution panel

NOTE

The DC power distribution cabinet and the upstream DC power distribution panel are not regarded as the BSC equipment.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 12-2 Power lead-in part (high-power distribution box)

The working principle of the power lead-in part is as follows:


l

The DC power distribution cabinet provides each BSC cabinet with two separate -48 V inputs, one route for RTN connection, and one route for PGND connection. Typically, the two routes of power inputs work concurrently. If one route fails, the other route supplies power alone to ensure the stable running of the system. You can repair one faulty route of the two routes when the power is normally supplied, keeping the reliability and availability of the power subsystem at an optimum level.

Power Distribution Part


The power distribution part distributes power from the power distribution box to various parts in the cabinet. It comprises the power distribution box, power distribution switches, and various parts in the cabinet. The working principle of the power distribution part is as follows:
l

The power distribution box provides lightning protection and overcurrent protection for the 48 V inputs. It then supplies two groups of power to the parts in the BSC. The cabinet operates in the power range -40 V to -57 V. The power distribution box monitors each route of power in real time. Upon detection of abnormal power supply, the power distribution box reports relevant alarms to the LMT. The power distribution differs within different types of cabinets.

For details on the power distribution in the GBCR, refer to Connections of Power Cables and PGND Cables in the GBCR (Configuration Type A) and Connections of Power Cables and PGND Cables in the GBCR (Configuration Type B). For details on the power distribution in the GBSR, refer to Connections of Power Cables and PGND Cables in the GBSR.

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13 BSC Environment Monitoring Subsystem

13
About This Chapter

BSC Environment Monitoring Subsystem

The BSC environment monitoring subsystem comprises the power distribution box and the environment monitoring parts in each subrack. The environment monitoring subsystem monitors and adjusts the power supply, the speed of the fans, and the working environment. 13.1 BSC Power Monitoring The BSC power monitoring involves monitoring the power supply of each BSC subrack in real time, reporting the operating status of the power supply, and generating alarms in the case of exceptions. 13.2 BSC Fan Monitoring The BSC fan monitoring involves monitoring the operating status of the fans in real time and adjusting the speed of the fans based on the temperature in the subrack. 13.3 BSC Environment Monitoring The BSC environment monitoring involves monitoring the temperature, humidity, and operating voltage of the BSC that is configured with the EMU. When exceptions occur, the EMU reports environment alarms to the LMT or M2000. Each cabinet can be configured with a maximum of one EMU.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

13.1 BSC Power Monitoring


The BSC power monitoring involves monitoring the power supply of each BSC subrack in real time, reporting the operating status of the power supply, and generating alarms in the case of exceptions. Figure 13-1 shows the principle of power monitoring. Figure 13-1 Principle of power monitoring
Power distribution box
Communication board for monitoring power distribution

GMPS GSCU GBAM/GOMU

The power monitoring process is as follows: 1. The monitoring board in the power distribution box monitors the operating status of the power distribution box. The RS485 serial cable routes the monitoring signals to the subrack that is connected with the serial cable. The monitoring signals are sent to the GSCU in the subrack through the serial bus on the backplane. The GSCU processes and reports the monitoring information. When an exception occurs, the GSCU generates an alarm and sends alarm information to the GBAM/GOMU. The GBAM/GOMU then sends the alarm information to the LMT and M2000.

2. 3.

13.2 BSC Fan Monitoring


The BSC fan monitoring involves monitoring the operating status of the fans in real time and adjusting the speed of the fans based on the temperature in the subrack. The BSC uses the all-in-one design to integrate the fan box into the subrack. Figure 13-2 shows the principle of fan monitoring.

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Figure 13-2 Principle of fan monitoring


Fan box
Fan control unit

Subrack GSCU GBAM/GOMU

The fan monitoring process is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The fan control unit monitors the operating status of the fans in the fan box. The RS485 serial cable leads the monitoring signals to the subrack. The monitoring signals are sent to the GSCU in the subrack through the serial bus on the backplane. The GSCU processes and reports the monitoring information. When an exception occurs, the GSCU generates an alarm and sends alarm information to the GBAM/GOMU. The GBAM/GOMU then sends the alarm information to the LMT and M2000.

13.3 BSC Environment Monitoring


The BSC environment monitoring involves monitoring the temperature, humidity, and operating voltage of the BSC that is configured with the EMU. When exceptions occur, the EMU reports environment alarms to the LMT or M2000. Each cabinet can be configured with a maximum of one EMU. Figure 13-3 shows the principle of environment monitoring. Figure 13-3 Principle of environment monitoring
EMU

Other subrack GSCU

GMPS GSCU GBAM/GOMU

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

The environment monitoring process is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The sensors monitor the environment and send the monitoring signals to the EMU. The EMU sends the monitoring signals to the connected subrack. The monitoring signals are sent to the GSCU in the subrack through the serial bus on the backplane.
l

If the subrack is an extension GTCS, the monitoring signals are sent from the GSCU in the extension GTCS to the GSCU in the GMPS through the GSCU in the main GTCS. If the subrack is a GEPS or the main GTCS, the monitoring signals are sent to the GSCU in the GMPS.

4.

The GSCU in the GMPS processes the monitoring signals and reports the monitoring information. When an exception occurs, the GSCU generates an alarm and sends the alarm information to the GBAM/GOMU. The GBAM/GOMU then sends the alarm information to the LMT or M2000.

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14
About This Chapter

OM of the BSC

This describes two OM modes and various OM functions of the BSC. 14.1 OM Modes of the BSC The BSC can be maintained through either the LMT or the iManager M2000. 14.2 OM Functions of the BSC The OM functions of the BSC are as follows: security management, configuration management, performance management, alarm management, and loading management.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

14.1 OM Modes of the BSC


The BSC can be maintained through either the LMT or the iManager M2000. The OM modes of the BSC are as follows:
l

LMT You can maintain the BSC on the LMT, which communicates with the BSC through a LAN switch or through remote dialing.

iManager M2000 You can maintain the BSC on the iManager M2000. The BSC serves as a network element to access the iManager M2000.

Figure 14-1 shows the network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type A). Figure 14-2 shows the network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type B). Figure 14-1 Network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type A)

BSC

iManager M2000

VLAN

Host

GBAM

Alarm box

LMT

LMT

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Figure 14-2 Network topology of the BSC OM (in BSC hardware configuration type B)

iManager M2000

VLAN

BSC

Alarm box

LMT

LMT

14.2 OM Functions of the BSC


The OM functions of the BSC are as follows: security management, configuration management, performance management, alarm management, and loading management. 14.2.1 BSC Security Management The BSC security management involves authority management, log management, and inventory management. 14.2.2 BSC Configuration Management The BSC configuration management involves managing the data configurations of the BSC and of the related BTSs. 14.2.3 BSC Performance Management The BSC performance management involves collecting, analyzing, and querying performance data. 14.2.4 BSC Alarm Management The BSC alarm management involves monitoring the operating status of the BSC and reporting alarm information in real time. Therefore, you can take appropriate measures in time. 14.2.5 BSC Loading Management The BSC loading management involves managing the process of loading programs or data files to boards after the BSC subracks are started or restarted. 14.2.6 BSC Upgrade Management The BSC upgrade refers to the upgrade of the BSC from an earlier version to a later version. The BSC upgrade management refers to the management of the processes of upgrading the OMU software, board software, LMT software, and patch software. The BSC supports two upgrade modes: remote upgrade and local upgrade. 14.2.7 BTS Loading Management
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

The BTS loading management involves managing the process of loading software to the boards in the BTS. 14.2.8 BTS Upgrade Management The BTS can be upgraded a later version. You can locally or remotely upgrade multiple BTSs on the LMT/M2000 through the BSS OM network.

14.2.1 BSC Security Management


The BSC security management involves authority management, log management, and inventory management.

Authority Management
The BSC authority management regulates the operation authority of the users (LMT users or iManager M2000 users) that log in to the BSC. When users log in to the BSC, they actually log in to the GBAM/GOMU of the BSC. The BSC users are classified into the following types:
l

Domain users: These user accounts are created, changed, authenticated, and authorized on the M2000. Domain users can manage the BSC after logging in to the BSC on the LMT (BSC Local Maintenance Terminal or MML client) or after logging in to the M2000 server through the M2000 client. Internal users: There are two default accounts: admin and guest. The admin account has the rights to perform all the operations, and the guest account has only the data query rights. You cannot modify or delete these two accounts. External users: The external users are created, modified, authenticated, and authorized by the super-user admin or by external users who have corresponding rights. External users are classified into five levels. The users belonging to different levels are functional grouped. The users can perform only the operations defined in their functional groups. The GBAM/ GOMU verifies and controls the operation authority of the external users. Table 14-1 defines the authority of the external users that belong to different functional groups.

Table 14-1 Definitions of the BSC user authorities Level Guest User Operator Administrator Custom Authority Guest can only browse data. In addition to the authority granted to the User, User can perform OM of the equipment, alarm management, and performance management. In addition to the authorities granted to the User, Operator can perform data configuration for the equipment. Administrator has the highest operation authority. It can manage other users. The authority of this user is defined by the Administrator.

Security management also includes NE operation time management. It limits the operation time of users by date, week, and time segment. Users can carry out operations only in the predefined time limit.
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Log Management
Log management records and saves the operations performed by an operator and the running information of the BSC. It also helps in analyzing and locating faults. Table 14-2 lists the logs that are recorded when the BSC is running. Table 14-2 BSC logs Type Running log Operating log Debugging log LastWords log Description Records the operating information about the system, such as board reset information Records the information on operation and maintenance performed by users Records the information on the analysis and location of internal faults Records the primary information such as timers before system failure. The information is used to locate and analyze faults, such as abnormal system restart. Records the information on CS calls and saves it on a server. This enables you to quickly locate faults and view history CS call records. Records the information on PS calls and saves it on a server. This enables you to quickly locate faults and view history PS call records. Records the information on the faults that occur while the BTS is running and the related debugging information Records the information on cell frequency scan Records the information on the TRX power Records the information on the temperature in the equipment room

CS CHR log PS CHR log BTS log Frequency scan log TRX power log Equipment room temperature log

The BSC log management involves the following functions:


l

Querying log files You can view specified log information in the GBAM/GOMU by setting the querying conditions.

Uploading log files You can upload the log files in the GBAM/GOMU to a specified FTP server by setting the uploading parameters.

Saving log files You can save specified running, operating, debugging logs in the GBAM/GOMU by setting the parameters of the log files.

Saving the logs stored in the buffer to the log file by force You can obtain the latest log information by saving the logs stored in the buffer to the log file.

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NOTE

HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

The GBAM/GOMU saves the log information in the buffer. When the log information reaches the specified limit or the current time reaches the log record period, the GBAM/GOMU records the log file.

Inventory Management
Inventory management is a process in which the BSC and BTS inventory information files are exported and uploaded. Using this function, you can learn the physical and logical configurations of the BSC and BTS through the LMT and M2000. Both the BSC inventory information and the BTS inventory information contain the descriptions of the following items:
l l l l l l l l l l l l

Equipment Connection Modules Configurations Peer equipment Host version Cabinets Subracks Boards and the Flash electronic labels of the boards Slots Ports Antennas

14.2.2 BSC Configuration Management


The BSC configuration management involves managing the data configurations of the BSC and of the related BTSs.

BSC Data Configuration Modes


The BSC data configuration is performed on the LMT (BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal or MML client). Two data configuration modes can be used: offline data configuration and online data configuration.

Offline Data Configuration


Offline data configuration is performed when the communication between the LMT and the GBAM/GOMU is not established. Offline data configuration does not occupy the network bandwidth and it is easy and fast to operate; thus, it applies to initial network operation and network upgrade. Figure 14-3 shows the principle of the offline data configuration on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.
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Figure 14-3 Principle of the offline data configuration


Load and restore commands Configuration module

LMT (*.dat)

Board

Database

GBAM/GOMU

The procedure for the offline data configuration on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal is as follows: 1. 2. 3. Perform data configuration on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, and check that the data is integral and accurate by using the auto check function of the LMT. Save the configuration data as a *.dat file on the hard disk. Send the *.dat file to the GBAM/GOMU database by performing the Load and Restore operation on the LMT. Then, activate the configuration data of each service board.
NOTE

At present, the MML client does not support offline data configuration.

Online Data Configuration


Online data configuration is performed when the communications between the GBAM/GOMU and the relevant BSC boards are established. On the LMT, you can modify the data configuration of the BSC and the related BTSs. In online data configuration, the configured data takes effect immediately. Figure 14-4 shows the principle of the online data configuration. Figure 14-4 Principle of the online data configuration
Configuration commands LMT Configuration module Configuration data

Board

Database

GBAM/GOMU

The procedure of the online data configuration in the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal is as follows:
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1. 2.

You can issue configuration commands to the configuration module of the GBAM/GOMU through the LMT. On receiving the configuration commands, the configuration module sends the configuration data to the database of a specified service board and writes the configuration data in the database of the GBAM/GOMU.

After you log in to the BSC through the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal and perform data configurations, other users are forbidden to perform data configurations simultaneously. In case that multiple LMTs have accessed the GBAM/GOMU and one LMT has performed data configuration, the rest LMTs will detect the data changed in the GBAM/GOMU and prompt you to update the local data to keep the consistency of the data between the LMTs and the GBAM/ GOMU. After you log in to the BSC through the MML client and run configuration commands in succession, other users are allowed to perform data configurations simultaneously. After you log in to the BSC through the MML client and run configuration commands in batch, other users are forbidden to perform data configurations simultaneously.

BSC Configuration Data Types


Based on the system requirements and the location for saving the data, the BSC configuration data is classified into different types. The BSC configuration data is classified into LMT configuration data, GBAM configuration data, and GOMU configuration data in terms of the data location.
l

LMT configuration data In offline configuration mode, you can configure the BSC data by using the data configuration wizards, and then save the configuration data in the LMT memory. You can save the configuration data by backing up the local data.

Based on the hardware configuration types, the BSC configuration data is classified into the GBAM configuration data and GOMU configuration data.

GBAM configuration data: The data, saved in the GBAM memory database and on the GBAM hard disk, provides the basis for the operation of the GBAM. After dynamic configuration, the GBAM updates the data in the memory database and the data files on the hard disk. GOMU configuration data: The data, saved in the database of the GOMU memory, provides the basis for the operation of the GOMU. After dynamic configuration, the GOMU updates the data in the GOMU memory database.

Based on system requirements, the BSC configuration data is classified into the minimum configuration data and the dynamic configuration data.
l

Minimum configuration data The minimum configuration data is provided by the system automatically and is saved in the directory \LMT installation directory\BSC6000\software version\Cfg\SysData. The configured data is the minimum configuration data for the normal operation of the LMT in offline mode. The minimum configuration data of the GBAM server, front GOMU board, and rear GOMU board is mini_Cfg_lmt12.DAT, mini_Cfg_Prefix_lmt0.DAT, and mini_Cfg_Post_lmt0.DAT.

Dynamic configuration data


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The dynamic configuration data is generated on the GBAM/GOMU when you perform configurations on the LMT in online mode.
NOTE

The files in the directory \LMT installation directory\BSC6000\software version\Cfg\SysData are mandatory for the normal operation of the LMT. The files cannot be modified or deleted.

BSC Data Check


The BSC data check consists of the data validity check and data consistency check.

BSC Data Validity Check


The BSC data validity check function is used to check whether configuration commands comply with the configuration rules and the related syntactic rules. The BSC data validity check is performed on the basis of the following aspects: whether a configuration complies with the configuration rules and whether an MML script file complies with the syntactic rules. When a configuration is performed or an MML command is run, the BSC performs data validity check. If the check result shows that the configuration is incorrect or the MML command does not run properly, the BSC terminates the configuration or the running of the command. At the same time, a warning message is displayed.

BSC Data Consistency Check


The BSC data consistency check consists of the following aspects:
l

Check of the data consistency between the active and standby GOMUs If the BSC is configured with the active and standby GOMUs, the data on the active GOMU must be the same as that on the standby GOMU, thus ensuring the reliability of the BSC. If the active GOMU is faulty, the standby GOMU takes over the work of the active GOMU after an active/standby switchover.The data consistency between the active GOMU board and the standby GOMU board is guaranteed internally without the operations through the LMT.

Check of the data consistency between the GBAM/GOMU and the other boards If the data on a service board is inconsistent with that on the GBAM/GOMU, the system cannot run stably. In addition, some data configured on the LMT cannot take effect on the host. Figure 14-5 shows the procedure of the BSC data consistency check.

Figure 14-5 Procedure of the BSC data consistency check


LMT Data consistency check command GBAM/GOMU Database Other boards Database

Result file of data consistency check

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

The procedure of the BSC data consistency check is as follows: 1. 2. 3. You can issue a data consistency check command to the GBAM/GOMU on the LMT. The GBAM/GOMU analyzes the parameters of the command and checks whether the data in the board database is consistent with that in the GBAM/GOMU database. When the comparison is complete, the GBAM/GOMU generates a result file and sends it to the LMT.

BSC Data Synchronization


The BSC data synchronization is the process in which the data on each board is synchronized with the data in the GBAM/GOMU database. If a data consistency check finds that the data is inconsistent, you can perform synchronization operations on the LMT to ensure the data consistency. The data on each board should be consistent with the data in the GBAM/GOMU database; the data on the standby GOMU should be consistent with the data on the active GOMU. Figure 14-6 shows the BSC data synchronization procedure. Figure 14-6 BSC data synchronization procedure
Synchronization command LMT GBAM/GOMU Database Data files Board Database

The BSC data synchronization procedure is as follows: 1. 2. 3. You can issue a synchronization command to the GBAM/GOMU on the LMT. The GBAM/GOMU analyzes the parameters of the command and synchronizes the data on each board with the data in the GBAM/GOMU database. Once the update is complete, the GBAM/GOMU sends the synchronization result to the LMT.

14.2.3 BSC Performance Management


The BSC performance management involves collecting, analyzing, and querying performance data. The performance measurement results generated within the latest 15 days will be stored by the BSC and those beyond the latest 15 days will be deleted. Figure 14-7 illustrates the BSC performance management process.

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Figure 14-7 BSC performance management process

GBAM/GOMU M2000 server Performance measurement module Collected data

M2000 client

Measurement result file

Service board

By default, the BSC performance management process is as follows: 1. 2. You can register a measurement task and specify the object, time, and item attributes of the task on the iManager M2000 client. Based on the measurement task, the iManager M2000 server modifies the measurement task file, sends it to the GBAM/GOMU, and issues a command to activate the modified measurement task file. Based on the modified measurement task file, the GBAM/GOMU notifies service boards to collect data based on the new requirements. The GBAM/GOMU receives the measurement results from the service boards and saves them as files. The GBAM/GOMU notifies the iManager M2000 server of the measurement results and uploads the files to the iManager M2000 server. The iManager M2000 server processes the files and saves them to the database. Based on the measurement task registered by the M2000 client, the iManager M2000 server extracts the relevant results from the database, calculates them, and sends them to the M2000 client.

3.

4.

5.

14.2.4 BSC Alarm Management


The BSC alarm management involves monitoring the operating status of the BSC and reporting alarm information in real time. Therefore, you can take appropriate measures in time.

BSC Alarm Management


The BSC alarm management has the following functions:
l

Alarm filtering The BSC can filter the repetitive fault alarms, recovery alarms, and event alarms. Alarm shielding Operators can shield an alarm by alarm ID. Alternatively, they can shield a specific alarm or all alarms of a cell, BTS, or board by setting alarm shielding conditions, thus reducing the number of reported derivative alarms.

Alarm alert
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When a fault alarm occurs, the BSC can notify the operators by Email, icon flash, phone, short message, terminal sound, audible and visual indication of alarm box.
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Alarm information processing You can browse alarm information in real time, query history alarm information, and handle alarms based on the handling suggestions available from the online help of the BSC. The BSC can store 100, 000 pieces of history alarm information generated in the latest 90 days.

BSC Alarm Management Mechanism


The alarm management process consists of alarm generation, alarm reporting, and alarm handling. Figure 14-8 shows the alarm management process of the BSC. Figure 14-8 Alarm management process of the BSC

GBAM/GOMU LMT client M2000 server Alarm management module

Board Alarm management function set

M2000 client

Database

Each board detects and reports alarms to the GBAM/GOMU automatically. The GBAM/GOMU classifies these alarms into different levels and sends them to the LMT or to the M2000 server. You can manage the alarms using the LMT or the M2000 client. The alarm management module of the GBAM/GOMU performs the following functions:
l

Alarm storage The alarm management module of the GBAM/GOMU stores the alarms reported by each board in the GBAM/GOMU alarm database.

Alarm processing The alarm management module of the GBAM processes the operation commands from the LMT or M2000 client. There commands include querying active alarms, querying alarm logs, and modifying alarm configuration items.

Driving of the Alarm Box


The alarm box generates audible and visual alarms. The red, orange, yellow, and green alarm indicators on the alarm box corresponds to the critical, major, minor, and warning alarms. Different alarm severity levels have different alarm sounds. Figure 14-9 shows the working principle of the alarm box that is connected to the LMT.
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Figure 14-9 Working principle of the alarm box


GBAM/GOMU Alarm management module Alarm box LMT

Convert

The alarm box is connected to the LMT or GBAM/GOMU/M2000 through the serial port. When an alarm is reported, the alarm forward management module in the LMT instructs the alarm box to generate an audible and visual alarm. You can stop alarm sounds, disable alarm indicators, and reset the alarm box through the LMT.
NOTE

One LMT can be connected to only one alarm box.

14.2.5 BSC Loading Management


The BSC loading management involves managing the process of loading programs or data files to boards after the BSC subracks are started or restarted.

BSC Loading System


The GBAM/GOMU, the GSCU in the GMPS, and the GSCU in the main GTCS play important roles during the BSC loading process.
l

The GBAM/GOMU serves as the center of the entire BSC loading management process. The loading and power-on of the GBAM/GOMU are independent of other boards. The GBAM/GOMU processes the loading control requests of the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU in the GMPS serves as the subcenter of the BSC loading management process. It processes the loading control requests of the service boards in the GMPS and GEPS. If the OM link between the GMPS and the main GTCS is normal, the GSCU in the GMPS processes all the loading control requests from the service boards in all the GTCSs. The GSCU in the main GTCS serves as the subcenter of the GTCS loading management process. If the OM link between the GMPS and the main GTCS is disconnected, the GSCU in the main GTCS processes all the loading control requests from the service boards in all the GTCSs.

BSC Loading Process


The BSC loading process varies with the combination modes of BSC subracks and with the location of the GTCS.
l

In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GTCS is configured on the BSC side. For the BSC loading process in this case, see Figure 14-10. In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GTCS is configured on the MSC side, and the OM link on the Ater interface serves as the loading path. For the BSC loading process in this case, see Figure 14-11.
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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 14-12 shows the BSC loading process in BM/TC combined or A over IP configuration mode.

Figure 14-10 BSC loading process (1)


Extension GTCS Other boards G S C U Main GTCS G S C U Other boards

GBAM/GOMU Program files/data files Loading module

GMPS Loading control G S C U

Other boards

File transmission

GEPS G S C U

Other boards

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Figure 14-11 BSC loading process (2)


MSC side Extension GTCS Other boards G S C U G S C U Main GTCS Other boards G E I U T

GBAM/GOMU Program files/data files

GMPS Loading control File transmission G S C U Other boards G E I U T

Loading module

GEPS G S C U Other boards

BSC side

Figure 14-12 BSC loading process (3)


GBAM/GOMU Program files/data files Loading module File transmission GMPS Loading control G S C U Other boards

GEPS G S C U

Other boards

Assume that in BM/TC separated configuration mode, the GTCS is configured on the BSC side, as shown in Figure 14-10. In this case, the BSC loading process is described as follows:
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1.

After the GSCU in the GMPS is started, it broadcasts the BOOTP request to the GBAM/ GOMU.
l l

If the GBAM/GOMU is communicating with the LMT, it processes the request. If the GBAM/GOMU is not started or does not communicate with the LMT, the GSCU in the GMPS loads program files from the Flash.

2.

After receiving the BOOTP request, the GBAM/GOMU writes the Load Key, IP address, and version information into the BOOTP acknowledge message, which is then transmitted to the GSCU. On receiving the BOOTP acknowledgement message, the GSCU in the GMPS loads the program files and data files according to the Load Key. The GSCU in the GMPS forwards the BOOTP requests from other boards in the GEPS or GTCS to the GBAM/GOMU. After receiving the BOOTP requests, the GBAM/GOMU sends acknowledgment messages to the other boards. On receiving the acknowledgement messages, the other boards load the program files and data files according to the Load Keys. The BSC loading process is complete.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

14.2.6 BSC Upgrade Management


The BSC upgrade refers to the upgrade of the BSC from an earlier version to a later version. The BSC upgrade management refers to the management of the processes of upgrading the OMU software, board software, LMT software, and patch software. The BSC supports two upgrade modes: remote upgrade and local upgrade.

14.2.7 BTS Loading Management


The BTS loading management involves managing the process of loading software to the boards in the BTS. The process of the BTS loading management is as follows: 1. 2. After being started, the BTS broadcasts the BOOTP request over the OML. The BOOTP request message contains the BTS type, software type, and the software version in the flash. On receiving the BOOTP request, the GSCU in the subrack where the Abis interface board connected to the BTS is installed, transparently transmits this request to the GSCU in the GMPS if the subrack is not the GMPS. The GSCU in the GMPS returns a BOOTP response to the BTS, instructing the BTS board to obtain and load the program file from the GBAM/GOMU. After the program file is run, the board sends a LOAD request to the GSCU in the GMPS. The LOAD request is used to query the file list of the board (excluding the program file). The GSCU in the GMPS responds with a file list, upon which the BTS board returns the version information of the files concerning the board to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU in the GMPS compares the version information and then returns the file information to be updated and the IP address of the GBAM/GOMU, to the board. The BTS board loads the program file from the version area in the GBAM/GOMU.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

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14.2.8 BTS Upgrade Management


The BTS can be upgraded a later version. You can locally or remotely upgrade multiple BTSs on the LMT/M2000 through the BSS OM network. The BSC upgrade process is as follows: 1. Downloading BTS software (1) The LMT/M2000 issues a download request command to the GBAM/GOMU. The download request contains the parameters such as software name and FTP address. (2) Upon reception of the response from the GBAM/GOMU, the LMT/M2000 downloads the BTS software to a specified directory in the GBAM/GOMU through the FTP. 2. Configuring BTS software (1) The LMT/M2000 issues a configuration command to the GBAM/GOMU. The configuration command contains a BTS software list, which contains the parameters such as BTS type, file type, and version number. (2) The GBAM/GOMU saves the BTS software list in the memory database. 3. Loading BTS software (1) The LMT/M2000 issues loading commands to the GBAM/GOMU. The loading commands contain the parameters such as BTS type, file type, and version number. (2) The GBAM/GOMU compares the parameters in the loading command with those in the BTS software list in the database of its memory.
l

If the parameters are consistent, the GBAM/GOMU responds to the loading request. If the parameters are inconsistent, the GBAM/GOMU rejects the loading request. The loading of BTS software terminates.

(3) The LMT/M2000 sends data frames to the BTS. The data frames are saved in the flash of the BTS boards. Upon reception of each 20 frames, the BTS returns the GBAM/ GOMU with a response until the loading is completed. 4. Activating BTS software (1) The LMT/M2000 issues an activating command to the GBAM/GOMU. The activating command contains the parameters such as BTS type, file type, and version number. (2) The GBAM/GOMU analyzes the parameters in the activating command and issues the activating command to the relevant BTS boards. (3) The BTS boards obtain data and software information from the flash. 5. Verifying upgrade result You should verify the services to ensure that the BTS is successfully upgraded.

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15 BSC Signal Flow

15
About This Chapter

BSC Signal Flow

The BSC signal flow consists of the CS service signal flow, PS service signal flow, signaling flow, and OM signal flow. 15.1 BSC CS Signal Flow After a CS call is established, the MS and the network communicate with each other. In this case, the signal flow is referred to as the CS signal flow. The method of processing the BSC CS signal flow varies with the transmission modes adopted on the Abis interface and the A interface, and also varies with the combination modes of BSC subracks. 15.2 BSC PS Signal Flow After a PS communication is established, the MS and the network communicate with each other. In this case, the signal flow is referred to as the PS signal flow. The method of processing the BSC PS signal flow varies with the types of PCU and with the transmission modes on the Abis interface. 15.3 BSC Signaling Flow The BSC signaling flow consists of the signaling flow on the Abis interface, A interface, Pb interface, and Gb interface. 15.4 BSC OM Signal Flow The BSC OM signal flow is initiated when you operate and maintain the BSC. The BSC OM signal flow varies with the combination modes of the BSC subracks.

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15.1 BSC CS Signal Flow


After a CS call is established, the MS and the network communicate with each other. In this case, the signal flow is referred to as the CS signal flow. The method of processing the BSC CS signal flow varies with the transmission modes adopted on the Abis interface and the A interface, and also varies with the combination modes of BSC subracks.
NOTE

l l

For details on the transmission modes on the Abis interface, refer to 16.1 Transmission and Networking on the Abis Interface. For details on the transmission modes on the A interface, refer to 16.2 Transmission and Networking on the A Interface.

Abis over TDM + A over TDM


In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the TDM transmission is used on both the Abis interface and the A interface. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-1. Figure 15-1 CS signal flow (1)

As shown in Figure 15-1, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GEIUB/GOIUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The CS signals are demultiplexed in the GEIUB/GOIUB. One CS signal uses a 64 kbit/s timeslot and is transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT through the GTNU. The CS signals are multiplexed in the GEIUT/GOIUT. One full-rate CS signal uses a 16 kbit/s sub-timeslot, and one half-rate CS signal uses an 8 kbit/s sub-timeslot. The CS signals are then transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GTCS over the Ater interface. The CS signals are de-multiplexed in the GEIUT/GOIUT of the GTCS. One CS signal uses a 64 kbit/s timeslot and is transmitted to the GDPUX/GDPUC through the GTNU. The GDPUX/GDPUC performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching on the CS signals, which are converted into 64 kbit/s PCM signals. The 64 kbit/s PCM signals are transmitted to the GEIUA/GOIUA through the GTNU, and then are transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

4. 5.

In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the TDM transmission is used on both the Abis interface and the A interface. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-2.
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Figure 15-2 CS signal flow (2)

As shown in Figure 15-2, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GEIUB/GOIUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The CS signals are de-multiplexed in the GEIUB/GOIUB. One CS signal uses a 64 kbit/s timeslot and is transmitted to the GDPUX through the GTNU. The GDPUX performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching on the CS signals, which are converted into 64 kbit/s PCM signals. The 64 kbit/s PCM signals are transmitted to the GEIUA/GOIUA through the GTNU, and then are transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

Abis over HDLC/IP + A over TDM


In BM/TC separated configuration mode, the HDLC/IP transmission and TDM transmission are used on the Abis interface and A interface respectively. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-3. Figure 15-3 CS signal flow (3)

As shown in Figure 15-3, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GFGUB/GOGUB/GEHUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The GFGUB/GOGUB/GEHUB transmits the CS signals to the GSCU, which then transmits the signals to the GDPUX.
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3. 4. 5. 6.

The GDPUX adjusts the frame order, eliminates jitter, and converts the PTRAU frames into TRAU frames, which are then transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT through the GTNU. The CS signals are multiplexed in the GEIUT/GOIUT of the GMPS/GEPS, and then are transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GTCS. The CS signals are de-multiplexed in the GEIUT/GOIUT of the GTCS. One CS signal uses a 64 kbit/s timeslot and is transmitted to the GDPUX/GDPUC through the GTNU. The GDPUX/GDPUC performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching on the CS signals, which are converted into 64 kbit/s PCM signals. The 64 kbit/s PCM signals are transmitted to the GEIUA/GOIUA through the GTNU, and then are transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

In BM/TC combined configuration mode, the HDLC/IP transmission and TDM transmission are used on the Abis interface and A interface respectively. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-4. Figure 15-4 CS signal flow (4)

As shown in Figure 15-4, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GEHUB/GFGUB/GOGUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The CS signals are transmitted to the GDPUX through the GSCU. The GDPUX adjusts the frame order, eliminates jitter, and performs voice coding/decoding and rate matching. The PTRAU frames are then converted into 64 kbit/s PCM frames. The PCM frames are transmitted to the GEIUA/GOIUA through the GTNU, and then are transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

Abis over TDM + A over IP


The TDM transmission and IP transmission are used on the Abis interface and A interface respectively. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-5.

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Figure 15-5 CS signal flow (5)


Abis B T S G E I U B G T N U G D P U X G S C U G F G U A A M G W

GMPS/GEPS BSC

As shown in Figure 15-5, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GEIUB/GOIUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The CS signals are de-multiplexed in the GEIUB/GOIUB. One CS signal uses a 64 kbit/s timeslot and is transmitted to the GDPUX through the GTNU. The GDPUX converts the TRAU frames into RTP frames, adjusts the frame order, and eliminates jitter. The GSCU transmits the CS signals to the GFGUA/GOGUA, which are then transmitted to the MGW over the A interface.

Abis over HDLC/IP + A over IP


The HDLC/IP transmission and IP transmission are used on the Abis interface and A interface respectively. For the BSC CS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-6. Figure 15-6 CS signal flow (6)

As shown in Figure 15-6, the CS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. The uplink CS signals are sent from the BTS to the GFGUB/GOGUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The CS signals are transmitted to the GDPUX through the GSCU. The GDPUX converts the PTRAU frames into RTP frames, adjusts the frame order, and eliminates jitter. The GSCU transmits the CS signals to the GFGUA/GOGUA, which are then transmitted to the MGW over the A interface.
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15.2 BSC PS Signal Flow


After a PS communication is established, the MS and the network communicate with each other. In this case, the signal flow is referred to as the PS signal flow. The method of processing the BSC PS signal flow varies with the types of PCU and with the transmission modes on the Abis interface.
NOTE

For details on the transmission modes on the Abis interface, refer to 16.1 Transmission and Networking on the Abis Interface.

BSC PS Signal Flow (Built-in PCU)


When the built-in PCU is used, three transmission modes can be used over the Abis interface: Abis over TDM, Abis over HDLC, and Abis over IP. The BSC PS signal flow varies with the transmission modes on the Abis interface. The built-in PCU is used and the TDM transmission is used on the Abis interface. For the BSC PS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-7. Figure 15-7 PS signal flow (Abis over TDM)

When the built-in PCU is used, the PS signal flow on the uplink is as follows: 1. The packet data is sent from the BTS to the GEIUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The packet data uses one to four 16 kbit/s sub-timeslots on the Abis interface, depending on the modulation and coding scheme, such as CS1-CS9 or MCS1MCS9. The GEIUB transmits the packet data to the GTNU. After receiving the data, the GTNU transmits the signals to the GDPUP. The GDPUP performs format conversion, and then transmits the data to the GEPUG/ GFGUG through the GSCU. The GEPUG/GFGUG processes the packet data at layer 1 and at a part of the NS layer on the Gb interface. Then, the packet data is transmitted to the SGSN over the Gb interface.

2. 3. 4.

When the built-in PCU is used, the BSC PS signal flow in Abis over HDLC transmission mode is the same as that in Abis over IP transmission mode. See Figure 15-8.

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Figure 15-8 PS signal flow (Abis over IP)

The BSC PS signal flow in the uplink is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. The PS signals are sent from the BTS to the GEHUB/GFGUB/GOGUB in the GMPS/ GEPS. The GSCU transmits the PS signals to the GDPUP. The GDPUP performs format conversion, and then transmits the data to the GEPUG/ GFGUG through the GSCU. The GEPUG/GFGUG processes the packet data at layer 1 and at a part of the NS layer on the Gb interface. Then, the packet data is transmitted to the SGSN over the Gb interface.

BSC PS Signal Flow (External PCU)


The external PCU is used. For the BSC PS signal flow in this case, see Figure 15-9. Figure 15-9 BSC PS signal flow (external PCU )

When the external PCU is used, the BSC PS signal flow on the uplink is as follows: 1. The packet data is sent from the BTS to the GEIUB in the GMPS/GEPS. The packet data uses one to four 16 kbit/s sub-timeslots on the Abis interface, depending on the modulation and coding scheme, such as CS1-CS9 or MCS1MCS9. The GTNU transmits the PS signals to the GEIUP/GOIUP. The PS signals are transmitted to the PCU over the Pb interface, and then to the SGSN over the Gb interface.
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2. 3.

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15.3 BSC Signaling Flow


The BSC signaling flow consists of the signaling flow on the Abis interface, A interface, Pb interface, and Gb interface. 15.3.1 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface The protocol stack and signaling flow on the Abis interface vary with the transmission modes on the Abis interface. 15.3.2 Signaling Flow on the A Interface The protocol stack and signaling flow on the A interface vary with the transmission modes on the A interface. 15.3.3 Signaling flow on the Pb interface This describes the protocol stack and signaling flow on the Pb interface. 15.3.4 Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface This describes the protocol stack and signaling flow on the Gb interface.

15.3.1 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface


The protocol stack and signaling flow on the Abis interface vary with the transmission modes on the Abis interface.
NOTE

The GXPUM originates and terminates all the signaling flows of the BSC.

Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over TDM)


The TDM transmission is used on the Abis interface. For the signaling flow on the Abis interface in this case, see Figure 15-10. Figure 15-10 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over TDM)
BTS BSC RR BTSM LAPD Layer1 BTSM LAPD Layer1

Abis

Figure 15-11 shows the signaling flow on the Abis interface.

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Figure 15-11 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over TDM)

The signaling flow on the Abis interface is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The signaling is transmitted to the GEIUB/GOIUB in the GMPS/GEPS over the Abis interface. Then, the signaling is transmitted to the GSCU. The GSCU transmits the signaling to the GXPUT/GXPUM. The GXPUT/GXPUM processes the signaling according to the LAPD and RR protocols. The GXPUM processes the signaling according to the BTSM protocol.

Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over HDLC)


The HDLC transmission is used on the Abis interface. For the signaling flow on the Abis interface in this case, see Figure 15-12. Figure 15-12 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over HDLC)
BTS BSC

RR BTSM LAPD HDLC Layer 1 BTSM LAPD HDLC Layer 1

Abis

Figure 15-13 shows the signaling flow on the Abis interface.

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Figure 15-13 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over HDLC)

The signaling flow on the Abis interface is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The signaling is transmitted to the GEHUB in the GMPS/GEPS over the Abis interface. Then, the GEHUB transmits the signaling to the GSCU. The GSCU transmits the signaling to the GXPUT/GXPUM. The GXPUT/GXPUM processes the signaling according to the LAPD and RR protocols. The GXPUM processes the signaling according to the BTSM protocol.

Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over IP)


The IP transmission is used on the Abis interface. For the signaling flow on the Abis interface in this case, see Figure 15-14. Figure 15-14 Protocol stack on the Abis interface (Abis over IP)
BTS BSC RR BTSM LAPD UDP IP MAC BTSM LAPD UDP IP MAC

Abis

Figure 15-15 shows the signaling flow on the Abis interface.

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Figure 15-15 Signaling Flow on the Abis Interface (Abis over IP)

The signaling flow on the Abis interface is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The signaling is transmitted to the GFGUB/GOGUB in the GMPS/GEPS over the Abis interface. The GFGUB/GOGUB processes the signaling according to the MAC, IP, and UDP protocols, and then transmits the signaling to the GXPUT/GXPUM through the GSCU. The GXPUT/GXPUM processes the signaling according to the LAPD and RR protocols. The GXPUM processes the signaling according to the BTSM protocol.

15.3.2 Signaling Flow on the A Interface


The protocol stack and signaling flow on the A interface vary with the transmission modes on the A interface.

Signaling Flow on the A Interface (A over TDM)


The A interface is the logical interface between the BSC and the MSC. The BSC internal signaling flow from the A interface varies, depending on the signaling protocols used on the A interface. When TDM transmission is used on the A interface, the E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the physical layer. The transmission on the data link layer complies with the SS7 MTP2 protocol. The transmission on the network layer complies with the MTP3 and SCCP protocols. The transmission on the application layer complies with the BSSAP protocol and the layer-3 protocols on the Um interface. Figure 15-16 shows the protocol stack on the A interface.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

Figure 15-16 Protocol stack on the A interface (A over TDM)


BSC MSC CM MM BSSMAP SCCP MTP3 MTP2 Layer1 BSSMAP SCCP MTP3 MTP2 Layer1

The BSC internal signaling flow from the A interface varies with the configuration modes of the BSC subracks.
l

Figure 15-17 shows the BSC internal signaling flow in the BM/TC separated configuration mode. Figure 15-18 shows the BSC internal signaling flow in the BM/TC combined configuration mode..

Figure 15-17 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over TDM) (BM/TC separated)

As shown in Figure 15-17, the BSC internal signaling flow from the A interface is as follows: 1. In the GMPS/GEPS, the GXPUM/GXPUT processes the signaling according to the MTP3, SCCP, and BSSAP protocols. The GEIUT processes the signaling according to the MTP2 protocol. The signaling is transparently transmitted in the GTCS, and then is transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

2.

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Figure 15-18 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over TDM) (BM/TC combined)

As shown in Figure 15-18, the BSC internal signaling flow from the A interface is as follows: 1. 2. In the GMPS/GEPS, the GXPUM/GXPUT processes the signaling according to the MTP3, SCCP, and BSSAP protocols. The GEIUA/GOIUA processes the signaling according to the MTP2 protocol. Then, the signaling is transmitted to the MSC over the A interface.

Signaling Flow on the A Interface (A over IP)


If IP transmission is used on the A interface, the E1/T1 or STM-1 transmission is used on the physical layer. The transmission on the data link layer complies with the SigTRAN M3UA/ SCTP/IP protocols. The transmission on the network layer complies with the SS7 SCCP protocol. The transmission on the application layer complies with the DATP and BSSAP protocols. Figure 15-19 shows the protocol stack on the A interface. Figure 15-19 Protocol stack on the A interface (A over IP)
BSC MSC Server

DTAP

BSSMAP SCCP

DTAP

BSSMAP SCCP

M3UA SCTP IP MAC/PPP

M3UA SCTP IP MAC/PPP

Figure 15-20 shows the signaling flow on the A interface.


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Figure 15-20 Signaling flow on the A interface (A over IP)

The BSC internal signaling flow from the A interface is as follows: 1. In the GMPS/GEPS, the GXPUM/GXPUT processes the signaling according to the BSSAP, SCCP, SCTP, and M3UA protocols. Then, the signaling is transmitted to the GFGUA/GOGUA through the GSCU. The GFGUA/GOGUA processes the signaling according to the IP protocol. Then, the signaling is transmitted to the MSC through the A interface.

2.

15.3.3 Signaling flow on the Pb interface


This describes the protocol stack and signaling flow on the Pb interface. When the external PCU is used, the BSC provides the Pb interface to enable the communication between the BSC and the PCU. The Pb interface, defined by Huawei, is a non-standard logical interface between BSC and PCU. Figure 15-21 shows the protocol stack on the Pb interface. Figure 15-21 Protocol stack on the Pb interface
BSC PCU

RR PbIP LAPD Layer1 APP LAPD Layer1

Pb

Figure 15-22 shows the signaling flow on the Pb interface.

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Figure 15-22 Signaling flow on the Pb interface

The BSC internal signaling flow from the Pb interface is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The signaling is transmitted to the GEIUP/GOIUP in the GMPS/GEPS over the Pb interface. The GEIUP/GOIUP processes the signaling according to the LAPD protocol. On receiving the signaling from the GSCU, the GXPUT/GXPUM processes the signaling based on the PbIP and RR protocols.

15.3.4 Signaling Flow on the Gb Interface


This describes the protocol stack and signaling flow on the Gb interface. The Gb interface is the logical interface between the BSC and the SGSN. The E1/T1 or FE/GE transmission is used on the physical layer. The transmission on the data link layer complies with the NS protocol, and the sub NS layer of the NS protocol complies with the FR or IP protocol. The transmission on the application layer complies with the BSSGP protocol. Figure 15-23 shows the protocol stack on the Gb interface. Figure 15-23 Protocol stack on the Gb interface
SGSN

GMM/SM BSC

LLC BSSGP NS Layer1


BSSGP

NS Layer1

Gb

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Figure 15-24 shows the signaling flow on the Gb interface. Figure 15-24 Signaling flow on the Gb interface

The BSC internal signaling flow from the Gb interface is as follows: 1. The signaling is transmitted to the GMPS/GEPS over the Gb interface. If the sub NS layer of the NS protocol complies with the FR protocol, the Gb interface board is the GEPUG. If the sub NS layer of the NS protocol complies with the IP protocol, the Gb interface board is the GFGUG. 2. 3. The GSCU transmits the signaling to the GXPUM. The GXPUM processes the signaling according to the NS and BSSGP protocols.

15.4 BSC OM Signal Flow


The BSC OM signal flow is initiated when you operate and maintain the BSC. The BSC OM signal flow varies with the combination modes of the BSC subracks. 15.4.1 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Separated) The BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC separated) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. 15.4.2 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Combined) The BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC combined) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. 15.4.3 BSC OM Signal Flow (A over IP) The BSC OM signal flow (A over IP) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the IP transmission is used on the A interface.

15.4.1 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Separated)


The BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC separated) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the BM and TC are configured in different subracks. The BSC internal OM signal flow varies with the installation position of the GTCS.

GTCS Configured on the BSC Side


The GTCS is configured on the BSC side. For the OM signal flow in the BSC in this case, see Figure 15-25.
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Figure 15-25 OM signal flow (GTCS configured on the BSC side)

As shown in Figure 15-25, the OM signal flow in the BSC is as follows:


l

OM signal flow in the GMPS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

OM signal flow in the GEPS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in the GEPS. In the GEPS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

3.
l

OM signal flow in the GTCS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in the main GTCS. In the main GTCS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. Alternatively, the GSCU in the main GTCS transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in an extension GTCS. Then, in the extension GTCS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

3.

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GTCS Configured on the MSC Side


The GTCS is configured on the MSC side. For the OM signal flow in the BSC in this case, see Figure 15-26. Figure 15-26 OM signal flow (GTCS configured on the MSC side)

As shown in Figure 15-26, the OM signal flow in the BSC is as follows:


l

OM signal flow in the GMPS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in the GEPS. In the GEPS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GMPS. Then, the GEIUT/GOIUT in the GMPS transmits the OM signal to the GEIUT/GOIUT in the main GTCS through the Ater interface. In the main GTCS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. Alternatively, the GSCU in the main GTCS transmits the OM signal to
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OM signal flow in the GEPS 1. 2.

3.
l

OM signal flow in the GTCS 1. 2.

3.

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15 BSC Signal Flow

the GSCU in an extension GTCS. Then, in the extension GTCS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

15.4.2 BSC OM Signal Flow (BM/TC Combined)


The BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC combined) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the BM and TC are configured in the same subrack. Figure 15-27 shows the OM signal flow in the BSC in BM/TC combined configuration mode. Figure 15-27 BSC OM signal flow (BM/TC combined)

As shown in Figure 15-27, the OM signal flow in the BSC is as follows:


l

OM signal flow in the GMPS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in the GEPS. In the GEPS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

OM signal flow in the GEPS 1. 2.

3.

15.4.3 BSC OM Signal Flow (A over IP)


The BSC OM signal flow (A over IP) refers to the signal flow that is generated when OM is performed on the BSC and when the IP transmission is used on the A interface. Figure 15-28 shows the OM signal flow in the BSC in A over IP configuration mode.

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Figure 15-28 BSC OM signal flow (A over IP)

As shown in Figure 15-28, the OM signal flow in the BSC is as follows:


l

OM signal flow in the GMPS 1. 2. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance. The OM signal is transmitted from the LMT/M2000 to the GBAM/GOMU. After being processed by the GBAM/GOMU, the OM signal is transmitted to the GSCU in the GMPS. The GSCU then transmits the OM signal to the GSCU in the GEPS. In the GEPS, the GSCU transmits the OM signal to the service boards that require maintenance.

OM signal flow in the GEPS 1. 2.

3.

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16

BSC Transmission and Networking

About This Chapter


This describes various transmission and networking modes between the BSC and other NEs. 16.1 Transmission and Networking on the Abis Interface This describes the networking between the BSC and the BTS. 16.2 Transmission and Networking on the A Interface This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the MSC/MGW. 16.3 Transmission and Networking on the Pb Interface This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the external PCU. 16.4 Transmission and Networking on the Ater Interface This describes the transmission and networking between the BM subrack and the TC subrack. 16.5 Transmission and Networking on the Gb Interface This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the SGSN.

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16.1 Transmission and Networking on the Abis Interface


This describes the networking between the BSC and the BTS.

Transmission Modes on the Abis Interface


The following transmission modes can be used on the Abis interface:
l

Abis over TDM Abis over TDM indicates that the TDM transmission is used on the Abis interface. In this case, the Abis interface board is the GEIUB/GOIUB, and the transmission network between the BSC and the BTS is the SDH/PDH network.

Abis over HDLC Abis over HDLC indicates that layer 2 of the Abis interface protocol stack uses the HDLC protocol. In this case, the Abis interface board is the GEHUB, and the transmission network between the BSC and the BTS is the SDH/PDH network.

Abis over IP Abis over IP indicates that layer 3 of the Abis interface protocol stack uses the IP protocol. In this case, the Abis interface board is the GFGUB/GOGUB, and the transmission network between the BSC and the BTS is the IP network.

Abis over TDM


In the Abis over TDM networking mode, the Abis interface board in the BSC is the GEIUB/ GOIUB. The GEIUB provides E1/T1 electrical ports, and the GOIUB provides STM-1 optical ports.
l l

Figure 16-1 shows the E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface. Figure 16-2 shows the STM-1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface.

Figure 16-1 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface


G E I U B

E1/T1

DDF

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1

BSC

BTS

Figure 16-2 STM-1-based TDM networking on the Abis interface


G O I U B

E1/T1 BTS

DDF

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

ODF

STM-1

BS C

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NOTE

If the BTSs connected to the BSC are distributed on different PDH/SDH rings, additional ADM/DXC devices should be used.

Advantages: The networking mode features maturity, flexible QoS, and security. Telecom operators can make full use of the SDH/PDH transmission network resources. Disadvantages: Compared with the IP transmission networking mode, the cost of this networking mode is high.

Abis over HDLC


In Abis over HDLC networking mode, the Abis interface board in the BSC is the GEHUB. The GEHUB provides E1/T1 electrical ports. The BSC can be connected to the BTS in HDLC transmission mode or to the Hub BTS. Figure 16-3 shows the E1/T1-based HDLC networking on the Abis interface. Figure 16-3 E1/T1-based HDLC networking on the Abis interface
BTS Hub BTS

E1/T1 DDF E1/T1 BTS ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network DDF E1/T1

G E H BSC U B

Advantages: If the networking mode is used, the utilization of the transmission resources over the Abis interface is improved without reconstruction of the existing SDH/PDH networks. Disadvantages: No support the high-speed transmission based on STM-1.

Hybrid Networking (Abis over TDM and Abis over HDLC)


The Abis over TDM and Abis over HDLC networking modes can be used on the Abis interface simultaneously. In this case, the Abis interface supports the following configuration modes: The BSC is configured with the GEIUB/GOIUB and GEHUB. Where, the GEIUB/GOIUB supports TDM transmission and the GEHUB supports HDLC transmission. See Figure 16-4.

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Figure 16-4 Hybrid networking (Abis over TDM and Abis over HDLC)

The characteristics of hybrid networking mode are as follows:


l

Advantages: If the Abis over HDLC networking mode is used, the utilization of the transmission resources over the Abis interface is improved without reconstruction of the existing SDH/PDH networks. Disadvantages: For hybrid combined cabinets and cabinet groups, as some BTSs use HDLC transmission and some use TDM transmission, at least two cables are required to connect the BTS to the BSC. Therefore, transmission resources are wasted.

Abis over IP
In Abis over IP networking mode, the Abis interface adopts the VLAN technology. In other words, signaling and service signals are labeled different VLAN IDs, which are used to differentiate the signaling, voice service signals, and data service signals over the same physical link. Thus, QoS is improved. In the Abis over IP networking mode, the Abis interface board in the BSC is the GFGUB/ GOGUB. The GFGUB provides FE/GE ports,The GOGUB provides GE ports.Based on the transmission networks, the Abis over IP networking modes can be classified into the following types:
l l

Figure 16-5 shows the Multi-Service Transmission Platform (MSTP) based IP networking. Figure 16-6 shows the data-network-based IP networking.

Figure 16-5 MSTP-based IP networking on the Abis interface


G F G U B

FE BTS MSTP

MSTP MSTP

FE/GE

BSC

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Figure 16-6 Data-network-based IP networking on the Abis interface

FE BTS Router G F FE/GE G BSC U Router B

Data network IP/MPLS/VPN

FE BTS Switch

Advantages of MSTP-based IP networking:


l l

Applies to the telecom operators that have established the SDH network or MSTP network. Provides up to 100 Mbit/s transmission bandwidth through the FE/GE ports, thus facilitating the BTS upgrade and capacity expansion. Provides the VC trunk function, which enables the establishment of two VC trunk links between the BTS and the BSC and ensures the security of data transmission. These two links can be used to transmit real-time service data and non-real-time service data.

Disadvantages of MSTP-based IP networking: The MSTP network does not support the evolution from telecommunication networks to IP networks. Advantages of data-network-based IP networking:
l l

Provides large-capacity bandwidth and reliable transmission on the Abis interface Supports the evolution from GSM networks to IP networks

Disadvantages of data-network-based IP networking: cannot ensure good QoS. The end-to-end QoS mechanism must be adopted.

16.2 Transmission and Networking on the A Interface


This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the MSC/MGW.

Transmission Modes on the A Interface


The following transmission modes can be used on the A interface:
l

A over TDM A over TDM indicates that the TDM transmission is used on the A interface. In this case, the A interface board is the GEIUA/GOIUA, and the transmission network between the BSC and the MSC/MGW is the SDH/PDH network.

A over IP A over IP indicates that layer 3 of the A interface protocol stack uses the IP protocol. In this case, the A interface board is the GFGUA/GOGUA, and the transmission network between the BSC and the MGW is the IP network.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

A over TDM
In A over TDM networking mode, the A interface board in the BSC is the GEIUA/GOIUA, which provides E1/T1 ports and STM-1 ports. The A over IP networking mode varies with whether the TC function is performed by the BSC.
l

E1/T1 Transmission on the A Interface

The TC function is performed by the BSC. For the networking mode in this case, see Figure 16-7. The TC function is performed by the MGW. For the networking mode in this case, see Figure 16-8. The TC function is performed by the BSC. For the networking mode in this case, see Figure 16-9. The TC function is performed by the MGW. For the networking mode in this case, see Figure 16-10.

STM-1 Transmission on the A Interface

Figure 16-7 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the A interface (1)


G E E1/T1 DDF BSC I U A

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1

MSC

Figure 16-8 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the A interface (2)


G E I U A

BSC

E1/T1

DDF

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1 MGW MSC Server

Figure 16-9 STM-1-based TDM networking on the A interface (1)


G O STM-1 BSC I ODF U A

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1 MSC

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Figure 16-10 STM-1-based TDM networking on the A interface (2)


G O STM-1 BSC I ODF U A

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1 MGW

MSC Server

Advantages: The networking mode features maturity, flexible QoS, and security. Telecom operators can make full use of the SDH/PDH transmission network resources. Disadvantages: Compared with the IP transmission networking mode, the cost of this networking mode is high.

A over IP
If IP transmission is used on the A interface, the TC function is performed by the MGW. In A over IP networking mode, the A interface adopts the VLAN technology. In other words, signaling and service signals are labeled different VLAN IDs, which are used to differentiate the signaling, voice service signals, and data service signals over the same physical link. Thus, QoS is improved. In A over IP networking mode, the A interface board in the BSC is the GFGUA/GOGUA, which provides FE/GE electrical ports and GE optical ports. Figure 16-11 shows the A over IP networking mode in which the transmission between the BSC and the MGW is the layer 2 IP network. Figure 16-12 shows the A over IP networking mode in which the transmission between the BSC and the MGW is the layer 3 IP network. Figure 16-11 IP networking on the A interface (1)
MSC Server

Switch G F FE/GE G U A Switch L2 IP network

BSC

Switch

MGW

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Figure 16-12 IP networking on the A interface (2)


MSC Server

G F FE/GE BSC G U Router A

Router L3 IP network

Router

MGW

Advantages: This networking mode provides large-capacity bandwidth and reliable transmission on the A interface. It also supports the evolution from GSM networks to IP networks. Disadvantages: The BSC must be connected to the Huawei MGW.

16.3 Transmission and Networking on the Pb Interface


This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the external PCU. Pb over TDM indicates that the TDM transmission is used on the Pb interface. In this case, the Pb interface board is the GEIUP/GOIUP, and the transmission network between the BSC and the PCU is the SDH/PDH network. The Pb interface supports only the TDM networking mode. The Pb interface board in the BSC is the GEIUP/GOIUP, which provides E1/T1 ports and STM-1 ports respectively.
l l

Figure 16-13 shows the E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface. Figure 16-14 shows the STM-1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface.

Figure 16-13 E1/T1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface


G E BSC I U P

E1/T1

DDF

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1

PCU

Figure 16-14 STM-1-based TDM networking on the Pb interface


G O STM-1 BSC I ODF U P

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

DDF

E1/T1

PCU

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16.4 Transmission and Networking on the Ater Interface


This describes the transmission and networking between the BM subrack and the TC subrack. When the BM and the TC are configured in different subracks, they communicate with each other over the Ater interface. The Ater interface supports only the TDM networking mode. Based on the installation positions of the GTCS, several transmission and networking modes can be used on the Ater interface.
l

The GTCS is configured on the BSC side, and the E1/T1 transmission is used on the Ater interface. For the networking on the Ater interface in this case, see Figure 16-15. The GTCS is configured on the MSC side, and the E1/T1 transmission is used on the Ater interface. For the networking on the Ater interface in this case, see Figure 16-16. The GTCS is configured on the MSC side, and the STM-1 transmission is used on the Ater interface. For the networking on the Ater interface in this case, see Figure 16-17.

Figure 16-15 E1/T1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the BSC side)
G E I U T G E I U T

GMPS

E1/T1

DDF

E1/T1

Main GTCS

Figure 16-16 E1/T1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the MSC side)
G E GMPS I U T G E E1/T1 Main I DDF GTCS U T

E1/T1

DDF

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

Figure 16-17 STM-1-based networking on the Ater interface (GTCS configured on the MSC side)
G O STM-1 ODF GMPS I U T G STM-1 O ODF I U T

ADM/DXC SDH/PDH ADM/DXC network

Main GTCS

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16.5 Transmission and Networking on the Gb Interface


This describes the transmission and networking between the BSC and the SGSN.

Transmission Modes on the Gb Interface


The following transmission modes can be used on the Gb interface:
l

Gb over FR Gb over FR indicates that the Frame Relay (FR) protocol is used on the sub NS layer of the Gb interface protocol stack. In this case, the Gb interface board is the GEPUG, and the transmission network between the BSC and the SGSN is the FR network.

Gb over IP Gb over IP indicates that the IP protocol is used on the sub NS layer of the Gb interface protocol stack. In this case, the Gb interface board is the GFGUG, and the transmission network between the BSC and the SGSN is the IP network.

Gb over FR
In Gb over FR networking mode, the transmission network between the BSC and the SGSN is the FR network. The Gb interface board in the BSC is the GEPUG, which provides E1/T1 ports,as shown inFigure 16-18 . Figure 16-18 E1/T1-based FR networking on the Gb interface
G E BSC P U G

E1/T1

Frame Relay network

E1/T1

SGSN SGSN

Advantages: The networking mode features maturity and can make full use of the existing FR network. Disadvantages: The bandwidth on the Gb interface is insufficient, so large-capacity requirements of data services cannot be met.

Gb over IP
In Gb over IP networking mode, the transmission network between the BSC and the SGSN is the IP network. The Gb interface board in the BSC is the GFGUG, which provides FE/GE ports, as shown in Figure 16-19.

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Figure 16-19 FE/GE-based IP networking on the Gb interface


G F BSC G U G

FE/GE Router Router

FE/GE

SGSN

Advantages: Compared with the FR networking mode, the bandwidth on the Gb interface in the IP networking mode is greatly increased, thus reducing the costs of network construction and OM. Disadvantages: The transmission in Gb over IP networking mode is less reliable than that in Gb over FR networking mode.

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17
About This Chapter

BSC Technical Specifications

The BSC technical specifications consist of the capacity specifications, engineering specifications, physical port specifications, reliability specifications, clock precision specifications, noise and safety compliance, and environment specifications. 17.1 BSC Capacity Specifications The BSC capacity specifications consist of CS service capacity specifications and PS service capacity specifications. 17.2 BSC Engineering Specifications The BSC engineering specifications consist of the structural specifications, power consumption specifications, and electrical specifications. 17.3 BSC Physical Interfaces The BSC physical interfaces consist of the transmission interfaces and clock interfaces. 17.4 BSC Reliability Specifications The reliability specifications of the BSC consist of the system availability in typical configuration, Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF), success rate of the switchover of the active and standby boards, Mean Time To Repair (MTTR), and entire equipment yearly repair rate. 17.5 BSC Clock Precision Requirements The BSC clock specifications consist of the clock precision, pull-in range, maximum frequency offset, and initial maximum frequency offset. 17.6 BSC Noise and Safety Compliance The noise level and safety requirements of the BSC comprise specifications pertaining to noise control and the requirements that the BSC should meet. 17.7 BSC Environment Requirements The BSC must comply with the environment requirements in terms of storage, transportation, and operation. 17.8 Technical Specifications of BSC Parts The technical specifications of the BSC parts consist of the specifications of the GBAM, GOMU, power distribution box, and fan box.

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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Controller BSC Product Description

17.1 BSC Capacity Specifications


The BSC capacity specifications consist of CS service capacity specifications and PS service capacity specifications. Table 17-1 lists the capacity specifications of the BSC. Table 17-1 Capacity specification of the BSC Specification Maximum number of BTSs Maximum number of cells Maximum number of TRXs BHCA Maximum number of subscribers Maximum traffic volume Maximum number of PDCHs that can be configured Maximum number of PDCHs (MCS-9) that can be activated Maximum number of TBFs supported by a PDCH EDGE RTT specification Throughput on the Gb interface Value 2,048 2,048 2,048 3,500,000 650,000 13,000 Erl 8192

8192

l l

Uplink: 7 Downlink: 8

200 ms 512 Mbit/s

17.2 BSC Engineering Specifications


The BSC engineering specifications consist of the structural specifications, power consumption specifications, and electrical specifications.

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Structural Specifications
Table 17-2 lists the structural specifications of the BSC. Table 17-2 Structural specifications Specification Cabinet standard Cabinet outline dimensions Available cabinet space height Weight of the cabinet Load-bearing capability of the equipment room Value IEC60297 standard and IEEE standard 2,200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 800 mm (depth) 46 U Empty cabinet 150 kg; cabinet in full configuration 350 kg 450 kg/m2

Power Consumption Specifications


Table 17-3 lists the power consumption specifications of the BSC. Table 17-3 Power consumption specifications Recommended Configuration Power Consumption (Ater over STM-1, Abis over E1/T1, Excluding the GTCS) 700 W 1,080 W 1,360 W 1,530 W Power Consumption (A over STM-1, Abis over E1/T1, BM/TC Combined) 890 W 1,510 W 1,950 W 2,325 W Power Consumption (A over E1/T1, Abis over E1/ T1, BM/TC Combined) 1,325 W 2,320 W 3,250 W 3,340 W Power Consumption (A over FE, Abis over FE)

512 TRXs 1,024 TRXs 1,536 TRXs 2,048 TRXs

890 W 1,510 W 1,950 W 2,325 W

Electrical Specifications
Table 17-4 describes the power supply and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) specifications of the BSC. Table 17-4 Power supply and EMC specifications of the BSC Specification Power supply
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Value The BSC uses -48 V DC input.

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Specification EMC

Value Complies with the ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 (2003-05)

17.3 BSC Physical Interfaces


The BSC physical interfaces consist of the transmission interfaces and clock interfaces.

Transmission Interfaces of the BSC


The BSC has external transmission interfaces and internal transmission interfaces. Table 17-5 lists the specifications of the external transmission interfaces, and Table 17-6 lists the specifications of the internal transmission interfaces. Table 17-5 Specifications of the external transmission interfaces of the BSC Transmission E1/T1 Board or Equipment GEIUA Connector DB44 Remarks The GEIUA provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/ T1 links and are used for the TDM transmission on the A interface. The GEIUB provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/ T1 links and are used for the TDM transmission on the Abis interface. The GEHUB provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/T1 links and are used for the HDLC transmission on the Abis interface. The GEIUP provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/ T1 links and are used for the TDM transmission on the Pb interface.
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GEIUB

DB44

GEHUB

DB44

GEIUP

DB44

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Transmission

Board or Equipment GEPUG

Connector DB44

Remarks The GEPUG provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/T1 links and are used for the FR transmission on the Gb interface. The GOIUA provides an STM-1 port, which carries 63 E1 links or 84 T1 links. It is used for the TDM transmission on the A interface. The GOIUB provides an STM-1 port, which carries 63 E1 links or 84 T1 links. It is used for the TDM transmission on the Abis interface. The GOIUP provides an STM-1 port, which carries 63 E1 links or 84 T1 links. It is used for the TDM transmission on the Pb interface. The GFGUA provides eight FE ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the A interface. The GFGUB provides eight FE ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the Abis interface.

STM-1

GOIUA

LC/PC

GOIUB

LC/PC

GOIUP

LC/PC

FE

GFGUA

RJ45

GFGUB

RJ45

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Transmission

Board or Equipment GFGUG

Connector RJ45

Remarks The GFGUG provides eight FE ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the Gb interface. The LAN switch provides 24 FE ports. The GFGUA provides two GE electrical ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the A interface. The GFGUB provides two GE electrical ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the Abis interface. The GFGUA provides two GE electrical ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the Gb interface. The GOGUA provides two GE optical ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the A interface. The GOGUB provides two GE optical ports, which are used for the IP transmission on the Abis interface.

LAN switch GE GFGUA

RJ45 RJ45

GFGUB

RJ45

GFGUG

RJ45

GOGUA

RJ45

GOGUB

RJ45

NOTE

As listed in Table 17-5, the LAN switch provides 24 Fast Ethernet (FE) ports. The LMT and M2000 access the GBAM through the LAN switch.

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Table 17-6 Specifications of the internal transmission interfaces of the BSC Transmission E1/T1 Board or Equipment GEIUT Connector DB44 Remarks The GEIUT provides four E1/T1 ports, which carry 32 E1/T1 links and are used for the TDM transmission on the Ater interface. The GOIUT provides an STM-1 port, which carries 63 E1 links or 84 T1 links. It is used for the TDM transmission on the Ater interface. The GBAM provides one FE port. The GBAM provides two GE ports. The GOMU provides three GE ports. The GSCU provides ten FE ports, which are used for the GE interconnection between subracks. TDM high-speed serial port is used for the connection between the GTNUs in different subracks. The GGCU provides 10 LVDS high-speed serial ports for the transmission of clock signals between subracks.

STM-1

GOIUT

LC/PC

FE

GBAM

RJ45

GE

GBAM

RJ45

GOMU

RJ45

GSCU

RJ45

TDM

GTNU

DB14

LVDS

GGCU

RJ45

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Clock Interfaces of the BSC


Table 17-7 lists the specifications of BSC clock interfaces. Table 17-7 Specifications of the clock interfaces of the BSC Port Input port for synchronized clock signals Output port for synchronized clock signals Input port for reference clock Board Name GGCU Connector SMB male connector Remarks Receives one 2.048 MHz clock signal or 2.048 Mbit/s code stream signal Transmits 8 kHz clock signals to the GSCU Receives 8 kHz clock signals from the GGCU

GGCU

RJ45

GSCU

RJ45

17.4 BSC Reliability Specifications


The reliability specifications of the BSC consist of the system availability in typical configuration, Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF), success rate of the switchover of the active and standby boards, Mean Time To Repair (MTTR), and entire equipment yearly repair rate. Table 17-8 describes the reliability specifications of the BSC. Table 17-8 Reliability specifications of the BSC Specification System availability in typical configuration MTBF Success rate of the switchover of the active and standby boards MTTR Entire equipment yearly repair rate Value 99.999756% 409,387 h 99% 1h 1.0%

17.5 BSC Clock Precision Requirements


The BSC clock specifications consist of the clock precision, pull-in range, maximum frequency offset, and initial maximum frequency offset.
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Table 17-9 describes the clock specifications of the BSC. Table 17-9 Clock specifications of the BSC Specification Clock precision Pull-in range Maximum frequency offset Initial maximum frequency offset Value 4.6 10-6 4.6 10-6 2 10-8/day 1 10-8

17.6 BSC Noise and Safety Compliance


The noise level and safety requirements of the BSC comprise specifications pertaining to noise control and the requirements that the BSC should meet. Table 17-10 describes the specifications of the noise and safety compliance of the BSC. Table 17-10 Specifications of the noise and safety compliance of the BSC Specification Noise Value < 7.2 bels (sound power level); The BSC meets the requirements specified in ETS 300 753 / ISO 7779 < 65 dBA (sound pressure level); The BSC meets the requirements specified in GR-63-Core / ANSI S1.4-1983 Security The BSC complies with the following specifications:
l l l l

UL 60950 EN 60950 IEC 60825 GB 4943-2000

17.7 BSC Environment Requirements


The BSC must comply with the environment requirements in terms of storage, transportation, and operation. 17.7.1 BSC Storage Requirements This describes the requirements related to climate, waterproofing conditions, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress during the BSC storage. 17.7.2 BSC Transportation Requirements This describes the requirements for the climate, waterproofing, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress during BSC transportation.
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17.7.3 BSC Operating Environment Requirements The operating environment requirements of the BSC involve climate, waterproofing, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress.

17.7.1 BSC Storage Requirements


This describes the requirements related to climate, waterproofing conditions, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress during the BSC storage.

Climatic Requirements
Table 17-11 lists the climatic requirements related to the indoor storage environment of the BSC. Table 17-11 Climatic requirements (storage) Specification Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Altitude Air pressure Solar radiation Thermal radiation Wind speed Value -40C to +70C 1C/min 10% to 100% 5,000 m 70106 kPa 1,120 W/s2 600 W/s2 30 m/s

WARNING
Temperature requirement of the KVM: 40C to +60C.

Waterproofing Requirements
The waterproofing requirements related to the indoor storage environment of the BSC are as follows:
l l l

It should be stored indoors. Water should not accumulate on the ground or endanger the packing case. The equipment should be kept away from possible water leakages, such as auto fireprotection device and air conditioner.

If you have to place the equipment outdoors, ensure that:


l

The packing case is intact.


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l

17 BSC Technical Specifications

Waterproofing measures are taken appropriately to prevent rainwater from damaging the packing case. Water does not accumulate on the ground or endanger the packing case. The packing case is not exposed to direct sunlight.

l l

Biological Environment Requirements


The biological environment requirements related to the indoor storage environment of the BSC are as follows:
l l

The environment should not be conducive to the growth of fungus or mildew. There should not be rodents, such as rats.

Air Purity Requirements


The air purity requirements related to the indoor storage environment of the BSC are as follows:
l

There should not be explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive, or corrosive dust in the air. The density of physically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-12. The density of chemically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-13.

Table 17-12 Requirements for physically active materials (storage) Physically Active Material Suspended dust Falling dust Sand
NOTE
l Suspended dust: diameter 75 um l Falling dust: 75 um diameter 150 um l Sand: 150 m diameter 1000 m

Unit mg/m3 mg/m3.h mg/m3

Density 5.00 20.0 300

Table 17-13 Requirements for chemically active materials (storage) Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S NO2
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Unit mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

Density 0.30 0.10 0.50


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Chemically Active Material NH3 Cl2 HCI HF O3

Unit mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3

Density 1.00 0.10 0.10 0.01 0.05

Mechanical Stress Requirements


Table 17-14 lists the mechanical stress requirements related to the indoor storage environment of the BSC. Table 17-14 Mechanical stress requirements (storage) Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub Item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload
NOTE
l Impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the

Specifications 7.0 mm 2Hz to 9Hz 250m/s2 5 kPa 20.0m/s2 9Hz to 200Hz

equipment under specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms.
l Static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in

normal pile-up method.

17.7.2 BSC Transportation Requirements


This describes the requirements for the climate, waterproofing, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress during BSC transportation.

Requirements for Climate


Table 17-15 lists the requirements for the climate during BSC transportation.

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Table 17-15 Requirements for the climate (transportation) Item Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Altitude Air pressure Solar radiation Thermal radiation Wind speed Requirement -40C to +70C 3C/min 5% to 100% 5,000 m 70106 kPa 1,120 W/s2 600 W/s2 30 m/s

Requirements for Waterproofing


The requirements for the waterproofing during equipment transportation are as follows:
l l

The packing case should be intact. Waterproofing measures should be taken appropriately to prevent rainwater from damaging the packing case. Water should not be accumulated inside the transportation vehicle.

Requirements for Biological Environment


The requirements for the biological environment during equipment transportation are as follows:
l l

The environment should not be conducive to the growth of fungus or mildew. There should not be rodents, such as rats.

Requirements for Air Purity


The requirements for air purity during equipment transportation are as follows:
l

There should not be explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive, or corrosive dust in the air. The density of physically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-16. The density of chemically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-17.

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Table 17-16 Requirements for physically active materials (transportation) Physically Active Material Suspended dust Falling dust Sand
NOTE
l Suspended dust: diameter 75 um l Falling dust: 75 um diameter 150 um l Sand: 150 m diameter 1000 m

Unit mg/m3 mg/m3.h mg/m3

Density No requirement 3.0 100

Table 17-17 Requirements for chemically active materials (transportation) Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCI HF O3 Unit mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 mg/m3 Density 0.30 0.10 0.50 1.00 0.10 0.10 0.01 0.05

Requirements for Mechanical Stress


Table 17-18 lists the requirements for the mechanical stress during the BSC transportation. Table 17-18 Requirements for the mechanical stress (transportation) Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub Item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range
17-14

Specifications 7.5 mm 2-9 Hz 20.0 m/s2 9-200 Hz 40.0 m/s2 200-500 Hz


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Item Random vibration

Sub Item Spectrum density of accelerated speed Frequency range

Specifications 10 m2/s3 3 m2/s3 1 m2/s3

2-9 Hz 300 m/s2 10 kPa

9-200 Hz

200-500 Hz

Unsteady impact

Impact response spectrum II Static payload

NOTE
l Impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the

equipment under specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms.
l Static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in

normal pile-up method.

17.7.3 BSC Operating Environment Requirements


The operating environment requirements of the BSC involve climate, waterproofing, biological environment, air purity, and mechanical stress.

Climatic Requirements
Table 17-20 and Table 17-19 list the requirements for operating the BSC. Table 17-19 Temperature and humidity requirements Temperature Longterm 0C to +45C
NOTE
l The temperature and humidity are measured 1.5 m above the floor and 0.4 m in front of the equipment,

Relative humidity Long-term 5% to 85% Short-term 5% to 95%

Short-term -5C to +55C

without protective panels in front of and behind the cabinet.


l Short-term operation refers to the continuous operations within 96 hours or accumulated operations of

not more than 15 days a year.

Table 17-20 Other requirements Item Altitude


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Specifications 4,000 m
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Item Air pressure Temperature change rate Solar radiation Thermal radiation Wind speed

Specifications 70106 kPa 3C/min 700 W/m2 600 W/m2 5 m/s

Biological Environment Requirements


The working environment of the BSC should meet the following air purity requirements:
l l

The environment should not be conducive for the growth of fungus or mildew. There should not be rodents, such as rats.

Air Purity Requirements


The working environment of the BSC should meet the following air purity requirements:
l

There should be no explosive, conductive, magneto-conductive, or corrosive dust in the air. The density of physically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-21. The density of chemically active materials should comply with the requirements listed in Table 17-22.

Table 17-21 Requirements for physically active materials (operating) Physically Active Material Dust particles
NOTE Dust particles: diameter 5 m

Unit Particles/m3

Density 3104 (There is no visible dust within three days.)

Table 17-22 Requirements for chemically active materials (operating) Chemically Active Material SO2 H2S
17-16

Unit mg/m3 mg/m3

Density 0.20 0.006


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Chemically Active Material NH3 Cl2

Unit mg/m3 mg/m3

Density 0.05 0.01

Mechanical Stress Requirements


Table 17-23 describes the mechanical stress requirements for operating the BSC. Table 17-23 Mechanical Stress Requirements Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub Item Offset Accelerated speed Frequency range Unsteady impact Impact response spectrum II Static payload
NOTE
l Impact response spectrum refers to the maximum acceleration response curve generated by the

Specifications 3.5 mm 2 Hz to 9 Hz 100 m/s2 0 10.0m/s2 9 Hz to 200 Hz

equipment under specified impact excitation. Impact response spectrum II means that the duration of semi-sine impact response spectrum is 6 ms.
l Static payload refers to the capability of the equipment in package to bear the pressure from the top in

normal pile-up method.

17.8 Technical Specifications of BSC Parts


The technical specifications of the BSC parts consist of the specifications of the GBAM, GOMU, power distribution box, and fan box. 17.8.1 Technical Specifications of the GBAM The technical specifications of the GBAM consist of the hardware configuration specifications and performance specifications. 17.8.2 Technical Specifications of the GOMU The hardware configuration and performance specifications of the GOMU consist of the specifications of dimensions, power supply, power consumption, weight, operating temperature, and operating relative humidity. 17.8.3 Technical Specifications of the BSC Common Power Distribution Box The technical specifications of the BSC power distribution box consist of the input specifications and output specifications.
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17.8.4 Technical Specifications of the BSC High-Power Distribution Box The technical specifications of the BSC high-power distribution box consist of the input specifications and output specifications.

17.8.1 Technical Specifications of the GBAM


The technical specifications of the GBAM consist of the hardware configuration specifications and performance specifications. The BSC can be configured with three types of GBAM: IBM X3650T, Huawei C5210, and HP CC3310.

Hardware Configuration Specifications of the GBAM


Table 17-24 lists the hardware configuration specifications of the IBM X3650. Table 17-25 lists the hardware configuration specifications of the Huawei C5210. Table 17-26 lists the hardware configuration specifications of the HP CC3310. Table 17-24 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (IBM X3650T) Parameter CPU Memory Hard disk capacity Ethernet adapter Description Double-CPU, CPU clock speed: 3.2 GHz 2 GB 2 x 146 GB RAID1 Four Ethernet adapters are configured:
l

Two Ethernet adapters are integrated into the main board and work in active/standby mode. The other two Ethernet adapters are inserted into the PCI slots and work in active/standby mode.

Table 17-25 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (Huawei C5210) Parameter CPU Memory Hard disk capacity Ethernet adapter Description Double-CPU, CPU clock speed: 2.4 GHz 2 GB 2 x 146 GB RAID1 Three or four Ethernet adapters are configured.
l

Two Ethernet adapters are integrated into the main board and work in active/standby mode. The other Ethernet adapter is inserted into a PCI slot and works independently. Alternatively, the other two Ethernet adapters are inserted into the PCI slots and work in active/standby mode.

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Table 17-26 Hardware configuration specifications of the GBAM (HP CC3310) Parameter CPU Memory Hard disk capacity Ethernet adapter Description Double-CPU, CPU clock speed: 2.4 GHz 2 GB 2 x 46 G RAID1 Three Ethernet adapters are configured.
l

Two Ethernet adapters are integrated into the main board and work in active/standby mode. The other Ethernet adapter is inserted into a PCI slot and works independently.

Performance Specifications of the GBAM


Table 17-27 lists the performance specifications of the three types of GBAM. Table 17-27 Performance specifications of the GBAM Parameter Number of alarms to be stored Maximum time for saving the performance measurement result files Time for starting the GBAM Description A maximum of 300,000 alarm entries can be recorded and exported. The performance measurement result files can be saved for up to 15 days.

l l

It takes about two minutes to restart the GBAM after its upgrade. It takes about five minutes to restart the GBAM due to its failure.

17.8.2 Technical Specifications of the GOMU


The hardware configuration and performance specifications of the GOMU consist of the specifications of dimensions, power supply, power consumption, weight, operating temperature, and operating relative humidity. Table 17-28 lists the hardware configuration specifications of the GOMU. Table 17-28 Hardware configuration specifications of the GOMU Specification Dimensions
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Value 366.7 mm x 220 mm

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Specification Power supply

Value Two routes of -48 V DC with redundancy configuration (provided by the backplane of the subrack) 90 W 3.5 kg -5C to +40C 0C to +50C 5% to 85% RH 5% to 95% RH

Power Consumption Weight Temperature in long-term operation Temperature in short-term operation Relative humidity in long-term operation Relative humidity in short-term operation

Table 17-29 lists the performance specifications of the GOMU. Table 17-29 Performance specifications of the GOMU Specification Initial backup time of the GOMU Value Less than 30 minutes The initial backup time of the GOMU refers to the initial time for backing up the script files. This parameter is related to the file size and the difference between the files in the active and standby GOMUs. Switchover time between the active and standby GOMUs 2 to 3 minutes The switchover time between the active and standby GOMUs refers to time between the switchover request is accepted and the switchover operation is complete. The switchover time consists of the following segments:
l l l

Switchover negotiation time Stopping process time Start time of the new active GOMU

17.8.3 Technical Specifications of the BSC Common Power Distribution Box


The technical specifications of the BSC power distribution box consist of the input specifications and output specifications. Table 17-30 describes the technical specifications of the BSC power distribution box.
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Table 17-30 Technical specifications of the BSC power distribution box Item Input specifications Sub Item Rated input voltage Input voltage Input mode Maximum input current Specification -48 V DC -40 V DC to -57 V DC Two -48 V DC inputs Two inputs, each of which has a maximum input current of 100 A -48 V DC -40 V DC to -57 V DC Six groups of independent power output: Each group consists of one -48 V output and one RTN output. The output of current is controlled by a switch, which performs short-circuiting functions. When the total current of the six groups of power output is smaller than 100 A, the maximum current of each power output is 70 A. The current at the overcurrent protection point is 87.5 A. You need to restore the default value manually. 4,800 W in hot backup mode

Output specifications

Rated output voltage Output voltage Independent output

Output protection specifications

Rated output power

17.8.4 Technical Specifications of the BSC High-Power Distribution Box


The technical specifications of the BSC high-power distribution box consist of the input specifications and output specifications. Table 17-31 lists the technical specifications of the BSC high-power distribution box. Table 17-31 Technical specifications of the BSC high-power distribution box Item Input specifications Sub Item Rated input voltage Input voltage Specification -48 V DC or -60 V DC -40 V DC to -72 V DC

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Item

Sub Item Input mode

Specification Two groups of power inputs: A and B. Group A consists of the power inputs A1+A2 and A3. Group B consists of the power inputs B1+B2 and B3. Each group has one to two -48 V DC/-60 V DC power inputs. The maximum rated input current of each route is 100 A. -48 V DC or -60 V DC -40 V DC to -72 V DC Two groups of power outputs: A and B. Each group has one to three -48 V DC/-60 V DC power outputs. The maximum rated output current of each output is 50 A and that of each group is 100 A. Each output is controlled by the MCBs: A8-A10 and B8-B10. These MCBs provide the overcurrent protection function.

Maximum input current Output specifications Rated output voltage Output voltage Independent output

Output protection specifications Rated output power

The current at the overcurrent protection point is 70 A. You need to restore the default value manually. 9,600 W (Two groups of power outputs: A and B. Each group has two 48 V DC power outputs.)

NOTE For group A, power inputs A1+A2 correspond to power outputs A1-A8, and power input A3 corresponds to power outputs A9-A10. Similarly, for group B, power inputs B1+B2 correspond to power outputs B1B8, and power input B3 corresponds to power outputs B9-B10.

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