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SADDLE, BASE PLATE & ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN - Wind Loading


(4 bolts per saddle) Fv

Fl

Fh

H1

Sliding

Fixed

L R R

tb

Saddle Centres Reaction Height for Longitudinal Force Reaction Height for Lateral Force Bolt Reaction Distance Root Area of 1 Anchor Bolt Base Plate Width Base Plate Thickness Maximum Inclination Angle

L H1 H W Ra Wb tb f

= = = = = = = =

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 0

mm mm mm mm mm^2 mm mm Deg

#REF! #REF! #REF! #REF!

A 325 Anchor Bolt

Wind Loading - Ref ASCE 7-95


Design Wind Speed Exposure Category Structure Category Importance Factor Shape Factor Gust Effect Factor Exposure Coefficient Design Inclination Angle (from vertical) Lateral Projected Area of Vessel Longitudinal Projected Area of Vessel Allowance for External Projections Effective Lateral Projected Area of Vessel Effective Longitudinal Projected Area of Vessel V S1 I Cf G Kz a Ah Al Ahe Ale Qz Fh = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 97.98 D III 1.15 0.9 0.85 1.18 0 4.19 9.71 20 54.12 125.42 33.35 1810 8052.66 3200 14233.29 mph 43.8 m/s (Flat, unobstructed coastal areas) (Refineries) (Structure Category III)

(Exposure Category D) Deg m^2 m^2 % ft^2 ft^2 Ib/ft^2 lbs N lbs N

5.028 11.652

m^2 m^2

(0.00256 x Kz x I x V^2)

Total Lateral Wind Force Qz x G x Cf x Ahe Total Longitudinal Wind Force Qz x G x Cf x Ale

Fl

Condition Weight of Vessel Vertical Force at Saddle due to Wd 9.81 x Wd/2 x Cos f Overturning Moment at Saddle Base due to Wd 9.81 x Wd/2 x H x Sin f Reaction at Saddle due to Motw Motw/W Lateral Shear Force due to Wd 9.81 x Wd/2 x Sin f Wd Fvw = =

Dry (Empty Weight) #REF! #REF! kg N

Hydrotest (Test Weight) #REF! #REF! kg N

Motw

#REF!

Nmm

#REF!

Nmm

Rw

#REF!

#REF!

Vw

#REF!

#REF!

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Vertical Force at Saddle due to Fh Fh/2 x Sin f Overturning Moment at Saddle Base due to Fh Fh/2 x H x Cos f Reaction at Saddle due to Fh Moth/W Lateral Shear Force at Saddle due to Fh Fh/2 x Cos f Longitudinal Shear Force at Saddle due to Fl Fl/2 Overturning Moment at Saddle Base due to Fl Fl x H1/2 Reaction at Saddle due to Fl Fl/2 x H1/L

+/- Fvh

Moth

#REF!

Nmm

#REF!

Nmm

+/- Rh

#REF!

#REF!

Vhh

4026

4026

Vl

7117

7117

Motl

#REF!

Nmm

#REF!

Nmm

+/- Rl

#REF!

#REF!

Wind Load in Lateral Direction Maximum Compressive Load in Saddle Fvw + Rw + Fvh + Rh Minimum Compressive Load in Saddle Fvw - (Rw + Fvh + Rh) Tensile Stress in Bolts ((Rw + Rh)/2 + (Fvh)/4 - Fvw/4)/Ra Shear Stress in Bolts (Fixed Saddle) (Vw + Vhh)/(4 x Ra) - Assumes no friction Fcsmax = #REF! N #REF! N

Fcsmin

#REF!

#REF!

fbt

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

fbs

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

Saddle Condition Compressive Stress in Saddle Fcsmax/As Combined Bending Stress in Saddle (Motw + Moth)/Zyy Shear Stress in Saddle (Vw + Vhh)/As fcs = Dry (Empty Weight) #REF! N/mm^2 #REF! Hydrotest (Test Weight) #REF! N/mm^2 ####

fbs

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

fss

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

Base Plate Maximum Tensile Load in Bolt Max Tensile Stress x Ra Bending Moment at Stiffener 4 x Ftb x L3/L1 Stress in Base Plate 6 x Mb/tb^2 Ftb = #REF! N #REF! N

Mb

#REF!

Nmm/mm

#REF!

Nmm/mm

fbb

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

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Wind Load in Longitudinal Direction Maximum Compressive Load in Saddle Fvw + Rw + Rl Minimum Compressive Load in Saddle Fvw - (Rw + Rl) Tensile Stress in Bolts (Rw/2 + Rl/4 - Fvw/4)/Ra Shear Stress in Bolts (Fixed Saddle) (Vw^2 + Vl^2)^0.5/(4 x Ra) - Assumes no friction Fcsmax = #REF! N #REF! N

Fcsmin

#REF!

#REF!

fbt

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

fbs

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

Saddle Condition Compressive Stress in Saddle Fcsmax/As Combined Bending Stress in Saddle ((Motw)/Zyy)^2 + (Motl/Zxx)^2)^0.5 Shear Stress in Saddle ((Vw^2 + Vl^2)^0.5)/As fcs = Dry (Empty Weight) #REF! N/mm^2 #REF! Hydrotest (Test Weight) #REF! N/mm^2 ####

fbs

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

fss

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

Base Plate Maximum Tensile Load in Bolt Max Tensile Stress x Ra Bending Moment at Stiffener 4 x Ftb x L3/L1 Stress in Base Plate 6 x Mb/tb^2 Ftb = #REF! N #REF! N

Mb

#REF!

Nmm/mm

#REF!

Nmm/mm

fbb

#REF!

N/mm^2

#REF!

#REF!

N/mm^2

####

Note : Material Min. Yield Stress Min. Allowable Stress Allowable Bending Stress Allowable Compressive Stress Allowable Shear Stress Allowable Bearing Stress Sy Sa Sb Sc Ss Sbr = = = = = = A 36M OR EQ. 248.22 114.46 163.83 148.93 91.57 183.13 N/mm^2 N/mm^2 N/mm^2 N/mm^2 N/mm^2 N/mm^2 (A 325 Bolt)

Allowable Tensile Stress Sy = 303.37 N/mm^2 Allowable Bolt Shear Stress Fs = 158.58 N/mm^2 Allowable Load as per AISC Steel Construction 9th Edt. f f f f f