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Blood circulation and transportation 1 A B C D 2 Which of the following blood groups is the universal recipient?

Blood group A Blood group B Blood group AB Blood group O (PMR 2004) The table shows two components of blood X and Y. Component Function X Acts as a solvent for digested food Y Helps in blood clotting What are components X and Y? A B C D 3 X Platelets White blood cells Plasma Red blood cells Y Red blood cells Plasma Platelets White blood cells (PMR 2005) The following information shows steps taken during the process of dialysis. L The waste product diffuses out from the blood through pores in the tube M The blood from the artery flows through the tubes which are immersed in salt solution. N The filtered blood flows into the veins of the blood circulation of the patient. Which of the following is the correct sequence for the process of dialysis? A B C D L M N M M L M N N N L L (PMR 2006)

Diagram 18 shows a cross-section of a heart .

Diagram 18 P and Q are blood vessels in the heart. Which of the following is true about P and Q? A B C D p Aorta which carries deoxygenated blood Vena cava which carries deoxygenated blood Pulmonary artery which carries oxygenated blood Pulmonary vein which carries oxygenated blood Q Pulmonary artery which carries oxygenated Pulmonary vein which carries oxygenated blood Aorta which carries deoxygenated blood Vena cava which carries deoxygenated blood (PMR 2006)

Table 4 shows the blood groups of four students. Student R S T U Blood group A B AB O

Student X with blood group O needs a blood transfusion. Which of the following students can donate to student X? A B C D U only S and T only S,T and U only R, S, T and U (PMR 2006)

6.

Diagram 16 shows the blood circulatory system in the body.

Diagram 16 Which of the following statements is true about oxygenated and deoxygenated blood? A B C D 7. Deoxygenated blood flows from the heart to all parts of the body Oxygenated blood flows from the lungs to the heart and to all parts of the body Oxygenated blood flows from the heart to the lungs and to all parts of the body Deoxygenated blood flows from the lungs to the heart and to all parts of the body (PMR 2007) Diagram 16 shows a cross section of a monocotyledon stem with vascular bundles.

Diagram 16 What is the function of X? A B C D Transport water only Transport water and minerals Transport minerals only Transport glucose (PMR 2008)

Figure 1 shows the blood circulatory system of a human. ( PMR 2004)

Figure 1 (a) Label one of the following blood circulations in Figure 1. (1 mark)

Systemic Circulation,

Pulmonary Circulation

(b)

The pulmonary vein transports oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart while the aorta transports oxygenated blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs.
In Figure 1, ( i ) Label the position of the lungs and a ventricle. ( ii ) Mark using arrow, (2 marks)

, to show the flow of oxygenated blood. (1 mark)

(c) Figure 2 shows the cross section of blood vessels P and Q.

Thick wall

Thin wall

Figure 2

Explain why there is a difference in the cross section of blood vessels P and Q. . (1 mark) (d) The rate of a students heart beat increases after a vigorous exercise. Explain why. .. .. (1 mark) 2 . a) Diagram 8.1 shows two plants, P and Q (PMR 2008)

Diagram 8.1 P is watered but Q is not watered State one inference about the plants. (1 mark)

b) Diagram 8.2 shows three apparatus set up to study the factors that affect the rate of transpiration. The apparatus was left for three hours in three conditions, J, K, and L.

Diagram 8.2

Table 8.3 shows the positions of the air bubbles in J and K. Condition J K L Position of the air bubble/cm 6.6 7.8

Table 8.3 Based on the Diagram 8.2 and Table 8.3: i) ii) Record the position of the air bubble in L in Table 8.3 (1 mark)

Use the graph provided to answer this part of the question. Based on the readings in Table 8.3, draw a bar chart to show the positions of the air bubble in the three condition (2 mark)

iii)

Based on the bar chart drawn in 8 (b) (ii), state the relationship

between the positions of the air bubbles and the conditions. (1 mark) iv) State the manipulated variables involved in this experiment. (1 mark) v) State what happens to the position of the air bubbles readings when the apparatus in K is left for more than three hours. (1 mark) . vi) Table 8.4 below shows the positions of the air bubble under a moving fan of different speeds in one hour. Speed of fan 1 2 3 4 Table 8.4 a) Predict the position of the air bubble if the speed of the fan is 4. Write the prediction in table 8.4 (1 mark) b) State one hypothesis relating the speed of the fan and the position of the air bubble. (1 mark) vii) Define operationally the rate of transpiration (1 mark) Position of air bubble/cm 6.6 6.8 7.0

Blood circulation

PAPER 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. D C B B A B B

PAPER 2 1) a. Lungs

Pulmonary circulation Ventricle

Systemic circulation

b. i) and ii) refer 4a. c) Rate of blood flow is rapid and irregular at high pressure d) The blood carries more oxygen

2. a) Plant Q has wilted because it is not watered and Plant P is turgid because it was watered. b) i) 5.4

ii)

iii) The air bubble is iv) Condition of the apparatus v) The position of the air bubble will continue moving towards left. vi) a) 7.2

b) The higher the speed of fan the further the position of the air bubble. vii) The rate of transpiration increases as the speed of moving air increase.