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INORGANIC PAPER

Q.1 Reactions of aluminium with 1. O


2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

2. N 2 4. Cr 2O3 6. HCl 8. H2SO4 (Conc.) 10. NaOH

3. Cl 2 5. Mn 3O4 7. H2SO4(Dil.) 9. HNO


3

11. AlCl3 Q.2 Reactions of Al(OH)3 with 1. Acid 2. NaOH 3. Heating Below 450C 4. Heating above 450C Q.3 Q.4 Q.5 Q.6 What is the general formula of alum. How many water molecules act as ligands about mono and trivalent metal cations. Which unipositive cations do form alum. Which tripositive cations do form How do structures of all alums

alum. Q.7 differ. Q.8 Q.9 Q.1O Q.11 Q.12 Q.13 Q.14 Q.15 Q.16 Q.17 Q.18 Q.19 Q.2O Q.21 Q.22 Q.23 Q.24

Which alkali metal cation does not form alum. What happens when alums are heated. What are the major uses of alum. What is the nature of aqueous solution of alums. How are alums prepared. What are pseudo alums. Are pseudo alums isomorphous to alums. What is feather alum or hair salt. How can you prove that Al(OH)3 is amphoteric in nature. How Al(OH)3 ppt is different than Zn(OH)2 ppt How Al 2Cl6 is prepared. How Al 2O 3 can be converted into Al2 Cl6 In which conditions does Al2Cl6 exist. What happens when Al2 Cl dimer is added to water. 6 Are the bonding states of Al Cl in vapour phase and in aqueous phase are different. 2 6 What is the nature of AlCl in aqueous state. 3 Does AlCl3 on heating melts.

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PAGE # 1

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.25 Q.26 Q.27 Q.28 Q.29 Q.3O Q.31 Q.32 Q.33 Q.34 Q.35 Q.36 Q.37 Q.38 Q.39 Q.4O Q.41 Q.42 Q.43 Q.44 Q.45 Q.46 Q.47 Q.48 Q.49 Q.5O Q.51 Q.52 Q.53 Q.54 Q.55 Q.56 Q.57 Q.58 Why is it difficult keep AlCl dry 3 Comment on stability of AlCl

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What happens when AlCl reacted with Cl 3 What happens when Al2Cl6 is reacted with LiH

-ions

Which is the most stable compound of aluminium. What are the different forms of alumina. What is corundum. What is thermite reaction. What happens when AlCl vapours are passed over fused Al O at 1000C. 3 2 3 Which form of alumina is corundum. Which form of alumina is acid soluble. Why C shows highest properties of catenation ? Which element of fourth group donot show allotropy ? Which allotrope of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Which of two has a dipole moment CO & CO2 ? Which element of group IV does not show allotropy ? Why graphite is good conductor of electricity ? Which is thermodynamically most stable ? Graphite, Diamond or fullerene ? Which element occurs in both very hard and very soft form ? In which form does silicon show its allotropy ? What are three crystalline modifications of tin ? How various allotropes of tin are related to temperature ? What is tin disease, tin pest or tin plague ? What is tin cry ? Which element of IV group has maximum number of Isotopes ? Which allotrope of carbon is insoluble solvent ? What are the oxides of carbon ? Which acid anhydride is CO 2 ? Which acid anhydride is CO ? How fullerence was originally prepared ? Can fullerence be prepared by evaporation of graphite by electric arc ? How many C atoms are there normally in fullerence ? What is the colour of C60 in toluene ? What is the colour of C in Toluene ? 70

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.59 Q.6O Q.61 Q.62 Q.63 Q.64 Q.65 Q.66 Q.67 Q.68 Q.69 Q.7O Q.71 Q.72 Q.73 Q.74 Q.75 Q.76 Q.77 Q.78 Q.79 Q.8O Q.81 Q.82 Q.83 Q.84 Q.85 What is the shape of C60 ?

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Which acid anhydride is carbon sesquioxide C3O2 ? Which oxide of IV group is not solid ? Which monoxide of IV group does not exist ? Which monoxide of IV group is neutral ? What is the nature of IV group monoxides ? Which IV group oxides are network solids ? Why bicarbonates are alkaline in nature although they has H+ ? How calcium cyanamide can be prepared from CaC2 ? What happens when calcium cyanamide is hydrolysed ? What happens when calcium cyanamide is heated with Coke & NaCl What happens when K Fe(CN) is heated strongly ? 4 6 What happens when KCN & dil. H2SO4 reacts ? What is the nature of aqueous solution of KCN ? What happens when HCN is oxidised by O2 , Ag, Cu2+ ? Why (CN)2 is pseudohalide ? Why CO 2 is molecule but SiO2 is 3D network solid ? What are the nature of CO 2, SiO 2 , GeO , SnO , PbO2 ? 2 2 What happens when Pb(NO3)2 is strongly heated ? Which dioxide of nonmetal C, S, N or Cl does not act as reducing agent ? What happens when graphite is heated with KMnO4 ? What is the general formula of organosilicone ? What happens when dialkyldichloro silanes of diaryl dichlorosilanes are subjected to hydrolysis ? What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? What is the purest form of silicon ? What happens when SiO is reacted (heated) with alkalis and alkali metal carbonates ? 2 What happens when SiO2 is reacted with following ? (a) KOH (b) CaCO3 (c) KNO3 (d) HF (e) Coke

Q.86 Q.87 Q.88 Q.89 Q.9O Q.91

What type of glass is K2 O.PbO.4SiO ? 2 What is the definition of glass ? Why HF acid is stored in plastic bottles and not glass bottles ? Which compound is formed when glass reacts with HF ? What is the formula of soda glass ? What is the formula of water glass

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.92 Q.93 Q.94 Q.95 Q.96 Q.97 Q.98 Q.99 Q.1OO Q.1O1 Q.1O2 Q.1O3 Q.1O4 Q.1O5 Q.1O6 Q.1O7 Q.1O8 Q.1O9 Q.11O Q.111 Q.112 Q.113 Q.114 Q.115 Q.116 Q.117 Q.118 Q.119 Q.12O Q.121 Q.122 Q.123 Q.124 Q.125 What is silica Garden ?

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What are silanes and germanes ? What are their general formula. What happens when mixture of silane and H2 is bubbled through water ? What happens when Si is fused with NaOH in air ? Which acid is used for etching glass ? How silanes are different than alkanes ? KNO3 on heating produce KNO2 and O2 but what happens when KNO3 is heated with SiO2 ? Name an acid which dissolves silica ? What are corundum and carborundum ? What pseudo solids ? Which allotrope of Si is isomorphous with carbon ? What is Na 2 SiO 3 . CaSiO .4SiO ? 3 2 What do you call K2 O.CaO.4SiO ? 2 Which type of anions are present in pyrex glass ? Which type of glass are prisms and lenses are made up of ? What is Crookes glass ? What is its speciality ? Which metal compound is present in it ? Which type of glass has lane thermal expansion ? How borosilicate glass are obtained ? Why trimethyl amine is pyramidal but trisilyl amine is planar ? Which of two is more basic N(CH ) or N(SiH ) ? 3 3 3 3 How the name silicone is derived for the polymer R SiO ? 2 Why CO2 is a gas while SiO2 is a solid ? Why CCl4 does not hydrolyse but SiCl4 ? How tin is purified ? Which oxide of tin (SnO, SnO2) is/are amphoteric ? Why heating of SnC 2O4 does not yield SnO instead of SnO2 ? What happens when SnO is reacted with (i) H SO (ii) NaOH 2 2 4 What happens when SnCl 2.2H 2O crystals are heated ? Which of the two SnCl2 or SnCl4 is a liq. at room temperature ? What is butter of Sn ? What is its major use. What are the addition compounds of SnCl & NH ? 2 3 What is the double salt of SnCl with NH ? 4 3 How calamel is produced by SnCl2 ? Which tin compound is used in tooth paste to help tooth decay ?

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.126 Q.127 Q.128 Q.129 Q.13O Q.131 Q.132 Q.133 Q.134 Q.135 Q.136 Q.137 Q.138 Q.139 Q.14O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Which property of tin makes it useful for tinning of utensils ? What happens when AuCl3 is treated with SnCl2 ? How PURPLE OF CASIUS is formed ? What happens when butter of tin is hydrolysed with excess of water ? What happens when tin metal is reacted with conc. HNO3 ? Which tin halide out of SnCl4 , SnBr , SnI is coloured ? 4 4 How Tin (II) fluoride is obtained ? Why Pb
715

has higher I.E. than Sn707 ?

What are various oxides of Pb ? Why do PbCl acts as strong oxidising agent ? 4 SiF 62 exist but not CF 62 explain why ? What is the order of ease of catenation ? How many allotropes of Sn exist ? Why PbCl is ionic where is PbCl is covalent. 2 4 How do following properties vary ? (a) Atomic radii (b) Melting point and boiling point (c) Density (d) I.E. (e) O.S.

Q.141 Q.142 Q.143 Q.144 Q.145 Q.146 Q.147 Q.148 Q.149 Q.15O Q.151 Q.152 Q.153 Q.154 Q.155
E D U C A T I O N S

Why Group V elements have much higher I.E. than group IV elements. Which two elements of Group V are metalloids ? Why Bi has low melting point ? What are the important oxidation states exhibited by Group V elements ? Give an example of each of compound in which N is having oxidation states 3 to +5 Why Group V elements have poor catenation property ? What is the structure of hydrazoic acid ? Which elements of Group V do not show allotropy ? What are the allotropes of phosphorous ? What are the allotropes of Arsenic ? What are the allotropes of Antimony ? Which element of group V has tendency to form p p bond ? Why N2 is less reactive than other members of its family ? What is the formula of elemental state of group V elements. What type of bond is present in POX3.
PAGE # 5

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.156 Q.157 Q.158 Q.159 Q.16O Q.161 Q.162 Q.163

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What happens when Ca3N2 and Ca3P2 are added to water ? What happens when Zn3 As2 , Zn3 Sb , Zn3 Bi are added to water ? 2 2 Which compound is formed when NH3 gas is passed into NaOCl solution. Arrange following hydrides in increasing bond angle NH3, PH3, AsH3, SbH3 Arrange following hydrides in the increasing order of their thermal stability NH , PH , AsH , SbH ,3 BiH 3 3 3 3 Which hydride of group V is strongest reducing agent ? Which V group hydride is the weakest reducing agent. On moving down the group generally b.p. of group V hydrides increases except NH3. Why NH3 has higher b.p. than PH and AsH ? 3 3

Q.164 Q.165 Q.166 Q.167 Q.168 Q.169 Q.17O Q.171 Q.172 Q.173 Q.174 Q.175 Q.176 Q.177 Q.178 Q.179 Q.18O Q.181

What is order of Lewis base character of V group metal hydrides. Which trihalide of group V elements is not covalent but ionic ? What is the shape of group V trihalides ? Write hydrolysis product of following trihalides PCl3, AsCl3, SbCl3, BiCl3 Why nitrogen trihalides cannot be hydrolysed ? Do fifth group trihalides work as Lewis acid ? Which fifth group element does not form pentahalide ? Which of the two trihalide or pentahalide of fifth group is thermally more stable ? Do all pentahalides act as Lewis acids ? What are the formula of PCl in gaseous state and in solid state ? 5 Draw the structure of PCl in solid state. 5 How white phosphorous is obtained from calcium phosphate ? Which form of phosphorous has garlic smell ? Which form of phosphorous is toxic. Which form of phosphorous is soluble in CS2 but insoluble in water ? What is the structure of phosphorous in solid and vapour state ? Which form of phosphorous spontaneously burn in air with green flame ? What happens when (a) White phosphorous is heated upto 540 K in inert atmosphere. (b) White phosphorous is heated upto 450 K at 1200 atm pressure.

Q.182 Q.183 Q.184 Q.185 Q.186

What is the structure of Red phosphorous. Which form of phosphorous is insoluble in both water and CS 2 ? What happenes when phosphorous combine with metals like Ca and Mg, Na and K. Why white phosphorous is kept in water ? Which is formed by the combustion of phosphorous in air ?

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PAGE # 6

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.187 Q.188 Q.189 Q.19O Q.191 Q.192 Q.193 Q.194 Q.195 Q.196 Q.197 Q.198 Q.199 Q.2OO Q.2O1 Q.2O2 Q.2O3 Q.2O4 Q.2O5 Q.2O6 Q.2O7 Q.2O8 Q.2O9 Q.21O Q.211 Q.212 Q.213 Q.214 Q.215 Q.216 Q.217 Q.218 Q.219 Q.22O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Which two products are formed by heating phosphorous with NaOH ? What white phosphorous is ? A good reducing agent or a good oxidising agent ? What are products when HNO , conc. H SO , CuSO , AgNO are reduced by white phosphorous ? 3 2 4 4 3 What happens when white phosphorous is reacted with following nonmetals (a) Cl2 , (b) S8 . Which form of phosphorous red or white reacts with NaOH to produce pH3 ? What happenes when following are reacted with water (a) Ca P , (b) Na P. 3 2 3 How AlP can be decomposed into pH ? What happenes when phosphorous acid is strongly heated ? How phosphene is prepared in laboratory ? What are vortex rings formed by PH ? Why these rings are formed ? 3 How vortex rings of PH can be prepared in laboratory. 3 Why NF is not hydrolysed ? 3 Why PF3 and PF5 are not hydrolysed ? Write the hydrolysis product of following compounds NCl3 , PCl3 , AsCl3 , SbCl , BiCl . 3 3 Why penlahalide like BiF5 does not exist ? B, Ga, Al, Tl, In [First Ionisation Energy] BF , BBr , BCl , BI [Lewis Acid Strength] 3 3 3 3 BCl 3, GaCl 3 , AlCl3 , InCl [Lewis Acid Strength] 3 B 2O 3, Al2 O3 , In2 O3 , Tl2 O3 , Ga2 O [Basic Stregnth] 3 B, Ga, Al, In, Tl [Stability of +3 oxidation state] Ga, Tl, In [Stability of +1 oxidation state] B, Ga, Al, In, Tl [Stability of hydride] Al, In, Ga, Tl [Reducing nature] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [First Ionisation Energy] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Catenation] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Ionisation Energy] PbF2, PbCl2, PbBr2, PbI2 [Ionic Character] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Density] N, As, P, Sb, Bi [Melting Point] N, As, P, Sb, Bi [Boiling Point] NH3, AsH3, BiH3, PH3, SbH3 [Basic Strength] NH 3, AsH 3 , BiH3 , PH3 , SbH [Reducing Character] 3 NH 3, PH3 , AsH3 , SbH3 [Boiling point] NI 3, NCl3 , NBr3 , NF [Basic Character] 3

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PAGE # 7

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.221 Q.222 Q.223 Q.224 Q.225 Q.226 Q.227 Q.228 Q.229 Q.23O Q.231 Q.232 Q.233 Q.234 Q.235 Q.236 Q.237 Q.238 Q.239 Q.24O Q.241 Q.242 Q.243 Q.244 Q.245 Q.246 Q.247 Q.248 Q.249 HClO Q.25O Q.251 HIO Q.252 Q.253 Q.254 HClO

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

NH , AsH , PH , BiH , SbH [Bond Angle] 3 3 3 3 3 PCl 3, SbCl3 , AsCl3 [Acid Strength] N2O3, As2O3, P2O3 [Acidic Strength] N 2O 5, As2 O5 , P2 O5 , Bi2 O5 , Sb2 O [Acidic Strength] 5 N 2O, N2 O 3 , NO, N2 O 4 , N2 O5 [Acidic Strength] P2O5, Sb2O5, As2O5, Bi2O5, N2O5 [Stability] NCl 3, AsCl 3 , PCl3 , SbCl , BiCl [Ease of hydrolysis] 3 3 PF 3, PBr 3 , PCl3 , PI3 [Acid Strength] PF 3, PCl 3 , PBr 3 , PI [Bond Angle] 3 HNO3, H3AsO4, H3PO4, H3SbO4 [Strength and solubility] O, Se, S, Te [Electron Affinity] O, Se, S, Te, Po [Ionisation potential] H 2O, H2 S, H2 Te, H2 Se [Reducing power] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Bond angles] H 2O, H2 S, H2 Te, H2 Se [Stability] H 2O, H2 S, H2Te, H2 Se [Acidic nature] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Dipole moment] SO 3, TeO , SeO [Acidic nature] 3 3 SO, SO 2 , SO [Acidic nature] 3 H 2SO 3 , H2 SeO ,H TeO [Acidic strength] 3 2 3 F, Cl, Br, I [Electron affinity] F, Cl, Br, I [Electronegativity] Cl , Br , F , I [Bond energy] 2 2 2 2 Cl 2, Br2 , F ,I [oxidising power] 2 2 HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Acidic strength] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Reducing character] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Boiling point] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Thermal stability] HClO, HClO , HClO ,
2 3 4

[Thermal stability]

HClO, HBrO, HIO [Thermal stability] HClO , HBrO ,


3 3 3

[Thermal stability]

HClO, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4 [Acidic strength] HClO, HBrO, HIO [Acidic strength] HClO, HClO , HClO ,
2 3 4

[Oxidising power]

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.255 Q.256 Q.257 Q.258 Q.259 Q.26O Q.261 Q.262 Q.263 Q.264 Q.265 Q.266 Q.267 Q.268 Q.269 Q.27O MF, MCl, MBr, MI [Ionic character]

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

I3+, I3 , H5IO 6, I2 O5 , I [Oxidation number] HClO 3, HClO4 , HClO2 , HClO [Acidic strength] I2, HI, HIO4, ICl [Oxidation number] He, Ar, Ne, Kr, Xe [Polarizability] He, Ar, Ne, Kr, Xe [Solubility in water] XeF , XeF , XeF [Melting point] 2 4 6 What is liquor ammonia ? Why decomposition temperature of NH3 will be highest ? What is the colour of the flame produced when NH burns in pure oxygen. 3 Ammonia will burn in air ? Yes or No. Which factor is responsible for high boiling point of NH3 . Name the process by which ammonia is made industrially. How liquid NH resembles water in its physical behaviour. 3 Which factor is responsible for making liquid NH a fair ionizing solvent. 3 Why NH 3(I) is a better solvent for organic compounds but generally a poorer one for ionic inorganic compounds. Why AgI is exceedingly insoluble in water but good soluble in NH3 . Name the two species formed when liquid ammonia undergoes autodissociation. Which type of reaction occurs when liquid ammonia undergoes autodissociation. Sodium in liquid ammonia is most widely used as a reducing agent or oxidising agent. What are the gases produced when (NH ) Cr
4 2 2 7

Q.271 Q.272 Q.273 Q.274 Q.275 O Q.276 Q.277 Q.278 Q.279 Q.28O Q.281

is heated.

What are the gases produced when NH NO (s) is dissociated. 4 3 What are the gas as produced when NH4NO3(I) is decomposed when heated. What is the structure of N2 O. How many unpaired electron(s) are present in NO. Which type of molecular orbital, is occupied by unpaired electron(s). Equimolar mixture of which two oxides of nitrogen on condensing at how temperature gives N2O3, as a blue solid. Which gas is produced on thermal decomposition of lead nitrate. Which gas is produced on when copper dissolve in conc. HNO3 Solid N O 4 is diamagnetic or paramagnetic. What is the anhydride of nitric acid. In which state (liquid, gas, vapour, solid) covalent N
2 5

Q.282 Q.283 Q.284 Q.285 Q.286 O

molecules are present.

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PAGE # 9

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.287 Complete the following reaction Fe(CO)5 + NO

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

50C Pressure

Whether the product formed is ionic or covalent. Q.288 Q.289 Q.29O Q.291 Q.292 Which compound is formed when NO is reacted with freshly prepared FeSO4 solution. What are the two classess in which phosphorus oxo acids can be divided. What are the formal oxidation states of two oxoacids of phosphorus. How many nonacidic hydrogen atoms are attached directly to phosphorus acids. Consider the following reaction

O P H H OH

Ag

Ag
2

C r2 O 7

Cr

+3

H yp oph os p ho rou s a c id

In the above reaction hypophosphorous acid act as an oxidising agent or reducing agent. Q.293 Q.294 Q.295 Q.296 Which allotropic form of phosphorous is used in preparing hypophosphorus acid from Ba(OH)2 . How many acidic hydrogen(s) is/are present in H3PO2. Which phosphorus acid is formed on reaction between water and phosphorous trichloride at 0C. Is it possible to obtain polymeric phosphates with layer structures similar to those found in some of the polysilicates. Q.297 Q.298 Q.299 Q.3OO Q.3O1 Q.3O2 Q.3O3 Q.3O4 Q.3O5 Q.3O6 Q.3O7 Q.3O8 Q.3O9 Which phosphoric acid is prepared by treating phosphate rock with sulfuric acid. Which phosphoric acid on dehydration produces orthophosphoric acid. Which oxoacids of phosphorus are tetrabasic acid ? What is the general formula by which cyclic polymetaphosphates can be represented. What are the two main oxoacids of nitrogen. What are the properties possessed by HNO2. Which oxoacid of nitrogen act as both reducing and oxidising agent. What is fuming nitric acid. In which type of solution HNO is stable. 2 What is Aqua fortis and what is its meaning. Name the two processess by which HNO can be prepared. 3 Aqueous nitric acid is an oxidant, which ion is responsible for this property. What are the products formed when NH CONH is treated with HNO . Write the balanced equa2 2 2 tion.

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PAGE # 10

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.31O Q.311 Q.312 Q.313 Q.314

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Which two oxyacids of nitrogen are explosive in nature. How nitric acid is manufactured industrially. Which oxide is used to convert nitric acid to its anhydride. What are the oxides produced when N O is dissolved in water. 2 4 When HNO is dissolved in pure H SO , an active agent is formed which has an important applica3 2 4 tion in organic chemistry. Name the agent. What are the two oxides of phosphorus. Which compound is formed when P2O3 combines with oxygen. What happens when P 2O 3 (i) Combines with cold water Write the corresponding reactions. (ii) Combines with hot water.

Q.315 Q.316 Q.317

Q.318 Q.319 Q.32O Q.321

Which oxide of phosphorus acts as Dehydrating agent. Which oxide of phosphorus is highly, poisonous in nature. Which oxide of phosphorus converts HNO to N O and H SO to SO . 3 2 5 2 4 3 What happens when P2O5 (i) Combines with cold water. Write the corresponding reactions. (ii) Combines with hot water.

Q.322

If ammonia in large excess is treated with Cl2 diluted with N2, what product is produced. Write the balanced equation. Which compound is formed when chloramine reacts with NH3. Consider the sequence for industrial utilization of atmospheric nitrogen. N2 (I)
H2 Haber process

Q.323 Q.324

NH

O2
3

NO (III)

O2 H2O

HNO 3(aq) (IV)

(II)

Name the process by which II is converted into III. Q.325 Complete the following reaction 4NH 3(g) + 3O 2 (g) Q.326

At 750900C and in the presence of a platinum catalyst ammonia reacts with oxygen to give other product instead of O2 . What is the product formed.

Q.327 Q.328 Q.329 Q.33O Q.331

How many allotropes of oxygen are present. Give the two laboratory methods for the preparation of oxygen. What are the gases produced on reaction of oxygen with carbon disulphide. Which oxide is present is the compound when Na(s) reacts O (g). 2 What is the colour of liquid dioxygen and solid dioxygen.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.332 Q.333 Q.334 Q.335 Q.336 Q.337 Q.338

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Name the compound in which the oxygen shows an oxidation state of + 2. Can oxygen show oxidation state beyond 2. Why OF is not known. 6 How oxygen can be obtained from bleaching powder. What is an acidic oxide ? Give an example. What is an basic oxide ? Give an example. What is an amphoteric oxide ? Give an

example. Q.339 Q.34O Q.341 Q.342 Q.343 Q.344 Q.345 Q.346 Q.347 Which elements generally form amphoteric oxides. Which acid is produced on reaction of SO with water. 2 Which type of solution (alkaline, acidic or neutral) is produced on reaction of BaO with water. Which gas is produced when ZnO reacts with an acid. Which factor is responsible for stability of an ionic metal oxide. Give an example of ionic oxides with some covalent character. What are the product(s) formed when H S react with O . 2 2 How many lone pairs of electron are present in OF molecule. 2 Arrange the following species in decreasing order of their bond strength.
, O 2 O2, O2+ , O2 2

Q.348 Q.349 Q.35O Q.351

Which gas is produced when sodium nitrate decomposes above 800C. Is oxygen has highest electron affinity in group 16 ? What is the oxidation state of O in Na2 O2 ? Arrange the following oxides in increasing order of their acidic property. ZnO, Na2O2, P 2O5, MgO.

Q.352 Q.353 Q.354 Q.355 Q.356 Q.357

What are the factors which are responsible for anomalous behaviour of oxygen. Who discovered oxygen. Which factor is responsible for existence of oxygen as discrete diatomic molecule. Is ozone linear or non linear molecule. How does oxygen and ozone differ in their magnetic nature ? Which ion is isoelectronic with ozone. Q.358 How does oxygen is converted into ozone.

Q.359 Q.36O Q.361 Q.362

What is the bond angle < O O O in ozone. What change occurs in volume of ozone when it is heated. Which is more powerful oxidizing agent O or O . 3 2 Give two applications of ozone.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.363 Q.364

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

To which group of the periodic table, ozone belong ? Can ozone oxidises (i) Lead sulphide. (ii) Potassium iodide (iii) Mercury

Q.365 Q.366 Q.367

What is the oxidation state of oxygen in O . 3 What is the percentage of ozone in ozonised oxygen ? What is the change in the oxidation state of P occurs when ozone reacts with phosphorus. Give an chemical equation.

Q.368 Q.369 Q.37O Q.371 Q.372 Q.373

There are two different values of OO bond length in ozone ? True or False. Which halogen (Chlorine or Fluorine) interacts with water to form ozone. Ozone has a dark blue colour. Absorption of which colour of light is responsible for its blue colour. Which type of radiation from the sun is absorbed by the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere. Which compounds are blamed for making holes in ozone layer. Complete the following reaction : O + 2K+ + 2I + H O 3 2

Q.374 Q.375 Q.376 Q.377 Q.378 Q.379 Q.38O Q.381 Q.382 Q.383 Q.384

In which phase hydrogen bonded molecules of H O are found. 2 2 Which is more associated via hydrogen bonding i.e. H2 O or H O . 2 2 What is the structure of the molecule of H O . 2 2 Which has more density H2O or H2O2 What is the limitations of H2 O2 which inhibits its utility as an ionizing solvent. Is H O is more acidic than H2 O in dilute aq. solution. 2 2 H2O 2 acts as oxidizing agent or reducing agent towards MnO4 In which type of solution (acid or basic), oxidations with H2O2 is slow. In which type of solution (acid or basic) disproportionation of H 2O 2 occurs most rapidly Which free radicals are formed by metal ion catalysed decomposition of H2 O 2 . Identify the products of the following reaction BaO
O2

BaO2

H2SO 4

A + B.

Q.385

Give the structure and name of the reactant involved in the synthesis of H2O 2 by the reaction given below.

O Reactant

O2 H 2 /Pd .
O

C 2H 5 + H 2O2

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PAGE # 13

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.386 Consider the following reaction H2O2()) H2O()) + O2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

G = 121.4 kJ mol1

Is water or oxygen is thermodynamically unstable with respect to H O . 2 2 Q.387 Q.388 Q.389 Q.39O Q.391 Which acid on hydrolysis give H 2O 2. Write a chemical equation. Arrange the following O2 , H2 O and O in increasing order of their O O bond length. 3 How many atoms of sulphur are present in its free state. Which ore of sulphur is also called as Fools gold. Name the process by which sulphur is generally extracted from underground sulphur bearing rocks. Q.392 Q.393 Q.394 Which allotropic form of sulphur is considered as a supercooled liquid. How milk of sulphur is prepared. Below which temperature called. Q.395 Complete the following reactions : (i) 2S + Cl2 (ii) 3S + P4 (iii) 2S + C Q.396 Q.397 Q.398 Q.399 Q.4OO Q.4O1 Q.4O2 Q.4O3 Q.4O4 Q.4O5 Q.4O6 Q.4O7 Q.4O8 Q.4O9 Q.41O Q.411 Q.412
1200 1400K Boil

-sulphur is converted into

-sulphur and what this temperature is

What compound is formed when sulphur reacts with NH in presence of H S gas. 3 2 Which oxide of sulfur is closely related structurally & electronically to ozone. What is the structure and bond angle of SO3 . Which oxide of sulphur act as an antichlor for removing excess of chlorine. Which property of SO2 is responsible for its bleaching action. Which oxide of sulphur is used in the preparation of H2SO4. What is oxidation state of sulphur in SO & SO3 respectively. 2 Give two methods for preparation of Hydrogen Sulphide. H2S is a dibasic acid or monobasic acid. Name the two series of salts formed by H2 S. Which property of H2 S is used for detection of various cations in laboratory. What happens when SO is passed through acidified solution of H2 S. 2 Why coordination compounds of H2S are very rare. H 2S in large doses prove fatal. What is antidote of H 2S. Which acid is called king of chemicals and why is it so called. Name the two processess by which sulphuric acid can be manufactured. What are the ideal conditions required for manufacturing of H2 SO4 by contact process.
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PAGE # 14
N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.413 Q.414 Q.415 Q.416 Q.417 Q.418 Q.419 Q.42O Q.421 Q.422 Q.423

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What is the strength of H SO produced by chamber process. 2 4 By which process 100% pure H 2SO4 is obtained. Which removes impurities of arsenic in contact process. Why SO is never directly dissolved in H O to form H SO . 3 2 2 4 Write down the chemical reactions taking place in contact process. H SO has low volatility. Why ? 2 4 Name the two series of salts formed by H2SO4. How many oxygen atoms in H2SO4 are linked to sulphur by single covalent bonds. What is the oxidation state of sulphur in H2 SO 4 . Which type of bond is responsible for associated structure of H2SO4. It is suggested that to dilute conc. H2SO4, always add conc. H2SO4 to water and never water to conc. H2SO4. Why ? Why conc. H 2SO4 is used extensively to prepare other acids. Why H 2SO4 has great affinity for water. What are the functions of H2 SO4 in the reaction given below. 2Ag + H2SO4 Ag2SO4 + 2H2O + SO2

Q.424 Q.425 Q.426

Q.427 Q.428 Q.429 Q.43O Q.431 Q.432 Q.433 Q.434 Q.435 Q.436 Q.437 Q.438 Q.439 Q.44O

Why sugar becomes black when it comes in contact with conc. H 2 SO 4 . Which acid is consumed when a lead storage battery is discharged. Which acid can be used as an oxidising agent, reducing agent and bleaching agent. What are the oxidation number of both the S in Na2S2O3. Why hypo is used in iodometric titrations. Why hypo is used as a fixing agent in photography. What are the products formed when chlorine is passed through aqueous hypo solution. When hypo is heated to high temperatures, the products are. Sulphur disappears when it is boiled in a solution of sodium sulphite. This is due to formation of. Write the springs reaction for formation of Na 2S 2O 3. Which ion is produced when thiosulphate is oxidised by iodine. What are hydrohalic acids ? Why halogen react very easily and yield hydrogen halide. Complete the reactions : (i) CaF + H SO 2 2 4 (ii) 2NaCl + H2 SO 4

Q.441

Which hydrogen halide is liquid at room temperature.

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PAGE # 15

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.442 Q.443 Q.444 Q.445

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What is the increasing order of acidic strength of hydrohalic acids. Give two reasons for weak acidic character of HF. Why fluorine forms salts of the type KHF2 . Why acidity of anhydrous HF is considerably increased in the presence of super acid, SbF5 . Write a chemical reaction involved.

Q.446 Q.447 Q.448 Q.449 Q.45O Q.451 Q.452

Which hydrohalic acids has the highest value of dipole moment. Which hydrohalic acid does not form precipitate with AgNO3. Write the increasing order of reducing power of halogen acids. Dilute solution of HF cannot be concentrated beyond 36% by distilling only. Why ? Why HF is not stored in glass bottles. Which acid is used for etching the glass. Which is the most volatile among the following compounds HI, HCl, HF, HBr

Q.453 Q.454

Which hydrogen halide has the highest molar heat of vaporization. Consider the following reaction HNO + HF 3 Which species act as base. H 2NO 3+ + F

Q.455

Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their bond strength HF, HCl, HBr, HI

Q.456 Q.457 Q.458

KF combines with HF to form KHF 2. What are the species present in the KHF . 2 Which halogen forms least number of oxyacid. Arrange the following acids in decreasing acid strength. ClOH, BrOH, IOH

Q.459

Arrange the following in increasing order of acidity, HClO, HClO , HClO , HClO 2 3 4

Q.46O Q.461

What is the oxidation state of chlorine in hypochlorous acid. Consider the following reaction HClO I HOCl II Cl 2 III

Conversion of II into III will increases or decreases the oxidation number of chlorine. Q.462 Q.463 Q.464
E D U C A T I O N S

Give a method for preparing HClO2. What are the salts of HClO2 called ? Which oxyacids of chlorine is the least oxidizing in nature.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.465 Q.466

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Salts (0.1 M solution) of which oxyacid of chlorine is most basic ? Consider the following reaction NH 3 + NaOCl X + NH + OH 3 X + NaOH
Gum

H 2N NH 2 + Cl + H2 O

Identify the X & what is it called. Q.467 Q.468 What is the shape of ClO2 & what is the hybridisation state of Cl. Draw the structure of ClO2 . oxyacid of chlorine has highest oxidation

Q.469 Which number. Q.47O Q.471 Q.472

Arrange the oxyacids of chlorine is increasing order of their thermal stability. Arrange the oxyacids of chlorine in increasing order of their thermal stability. Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their thermal stability HIO 3, HClO3 , HBrO 3

Q.473 Q.474 Q.475 Q.476 Q.477 Q.478 Q.479 Q.48O

BY which mechanism HOCl is formed from Cl2 in water write a chemical reaction. What is the hybridisation state of chlorine in oxyacids of chlorine. What are the natue of oxides of Halogens. Which halogens forms acidic oxides. Which oxide of chlorine is least acidic and which is most acidic. Which oxide of chlorine is paramagnetic is nature. Aqueous solution of bleaching power gives a test of which ions. Name the type of reaction as given below CaOCl + H O 2 2 Ca(OH) 2 + Cl2

Q.481 Q.482 Q.483 Q.484 Q.485 Q.486 Q.487 Q.488 Q.489 Q.49O Q.491 Q.492

What products are obtained by auto oxidation of bleaching power. Bleaching powder loses its bleaching property when it is kept in open bottle for long time. Why. Write the chemical equation involed in Hasenclever method for preparation of CaOCl2. Which gas is liberated when excess of dil. acids (H2 SO 4 , HCl, HNO3 ) reacts with CaOCl . 2 What do you mean by available Cl2 . Why CaOCl2 uses as a disinfectant. Why CaOCl 2 gives Cl2 like smell. Bleaching power is an example of ..... salt. What % of available Cl is present in a good quality of bleaching powder. 2 Is bleaching power is priced according to its crystal size. What is the meaning of halogens ? Which group 17 element is radioactive ?

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PAGE # 17

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.493 Q.494 Q.495 Q.496 Q.497 Q.498 Q.499 Q.5OO Q.5O1 Q.5O2 Q.5O3 Q.5O4 Q.5O5 Q.5O6 Q.5O7 Q.5O8 Q.5O9 What are chalcogens ?

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Which group elements have greater similarities within group than other group in periodic table. Why halogens do not occur in free elemental state ? What are the generally found form of iodine ? What are the generally found forms of other halogens ? Which halogen is most abundant ? What was moissan method of fluorine formation ? Why diaphragm made of Teflon is used to separate anode from cathode in preparation of fluorine. How bromine is commercially obtained ? How iodides are converted into iodine. How iodates can be converted into I2 ? What is correct when conc. H SO is added on NaCl and MnO . 2 4 2 What happens when K2MnF6 is reacted with SbF 5 . Halogen oxidises halide ions of higher atomic number. (True/False) In which state of halide ion F can act as an oxidising agent ? 2 Which three elements do no reacts with hydrogen ? What happens when ? (a) Mg reacted with Br2 (b) P4 reacted with Cl 2 (c) S8 reacted with F2 (d) Xe(g) reacted with F2

Q.51O Q.511 Q.512

What is the nature of chemical bond when a metal halide is found in its higher oxidation state ? Which of two is more covalent UF or UF ? 6 4 What happens when (i) CaF + H SO con. 2 2 4 (iii) H2 + Br2 (v) I2 + H2S (ii) NaCl + H2 SO4 conc.
5731 K

Pt (as bijects)

(iv) 2I (s) + N H 2 2 4

Q.513 Q.514 Q.515 Q.516 Q.517

How DCl can be prepared in laboratory. What do you call OCl. How pure HOCl can be formed. What is house hold bleach. What happens when cold dil. NaCl is electrolysed ?

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PAGE # 18

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.518 Q.519 Q.52O Q.521 Q.522 Q.523 Q.524 Q.525 Q.526 Q.527 Q.528

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What is the composition of bleaching powder when Cl is passed over slacked lime. 2 What happens when Ba(OH) is reacted with H2 O & ClO 2 2 2 How HClO3 can be obtained by Ba(ClO2)2 How Ba(ClO 3) 2 can be prepared. [What happens when Cl2 is passed through hot Ba(OH)2 solution] What happens when NaClO is reacted with conc. HCl. 4 What is the major use of NH 4ClO 4 ? How NH4ClO4 can be obtained from NaClO4 Inter halogen compounds are more reactive then halogens. Explain. Interhalogen compounds are always diamagnetic. Explain. Why interhalogen compounds have covalent character. Interhalogen compounds are conducts electricity. Why IBr known but ClBr is not known ?

Explains. Q.529 Q.53O Q.531 Q.532 Q.533 Q.534 Q.535 Q.536 Q.537 Q.538 Q.539 Q.54O

Which halogen forms largest inter halogen compounds. Which interhalogen compound exists in pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. Which halogen shows maximum oxidation state informing interhalogen compounds. The value of n in A X (interhalogen compounds) can be 1, 3, 5 or 7. n A can never be F in A X (interhalogen compound) n X can never be I in A Xn (interhalogen compound) (T/F) (T/F) (T/F)

A X bond is weaker than A A or X X bond in A Xn (interhalogen compounds) (T/F) How many lone pairs are present on ClF molecule. 3 What is Wijs reagent. What is Iodine number. Arrange the following interhalogen compounds in increasing order of reactivity IF, IF3 , BrF, IF , BrF , ClF, IF , BrF , ClF 5 3 2 5 3

Q.541 Q.542

Why ICl3 exist in form of dimers (I2Cl6). Explain. What do you mean of cationic iodine. Give the examples of compounds showing existance of cationic iodine.

Q.543 Q.544 Q.545

Which acids are produced during hydrolysis of ICl. Which acids are produces during hydrolysis of BrF 5. Complete and balance the following reactions : (i) I2 + ICl
AlCl3

(ii) CsF + IF7

Q.546 Q.547

What is the general electronic configuration of elements of group 18. How many d electrons are present in Ne, Ar, Kr & Xe.

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PAGE # 19

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.548 Q.549 Q.55O Q.551 Q.552 Q.553 Q.554 Q.555 Q.556 Q.557 Q.558 Q.559 Q.56O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Why group 18 elements exhibit low chemical reactivity. Why noble gases have very low melting and boiling points ? Which noble gas has the lowest boiling point. Which noble gas has the unusual property of diffusing through rubber or glass. Which noble gas does not occur in the atmosphere. What is the total abundance by volume of noble gases in dry air. Which noble gas is the major component of total abundance of noble gases in dry air. Which noble gases constitutes the byproducts in liquefaction of air. What is the main commercial source of Helium. Which element is the second most abundant element in the universe. Which noble gas is obtained as the decay product of In which year real chemistry of noble gases began. Bartlett had noticed that PtF reacts with oxygen to form O + [PtF ] & then he reasoned that 6 2 6 PtF6 would react with xenon to form Xe+[PtF ] what was the basis of his reasoning. Recent studies indicates that xenon reacts with to be formulated differently. What is its formula.
6 226

Ra. Write a chemical reaction.

Q.561 PtF

to form above indicated compound but it is

Q.562 Q.563 Q.564 Q.565

Which type of elements (electronegative or electropositive) forms compounds with xenon. What are the gases evolved in the following chemical reaction : 2XeF (s) + 2H O(I) 2 2 Which noble gases are used in light bulbs designed for special purposes. Compounds of which noble gas have not been isolated but only identified by radiotracer techniques.

Q.566 Q.567 Q.568

Which noble gases do not form true compounds. Which compound of krypton has been studied in detail. Which oxygen compound of xenon is formed when XeF4 undergoes hydrolysis write a balanced chemical equation. Complete the following reactions : (i) Xe + F2 2: 1
Ni 673K, 1atm

Q.569

(ii) Xe + 2F2 1: 5

Ni 673K, 5 7 atm

(iii) Xe + 3F2 1 : 20

Ni 673K, 60 70 atm

Q.57O Q.571 Q.572 Q.573 Q.574

Complete the following reaction : XeF 6 + 3H2O Which oxyacids are formed when XeF6 undergoes partial hydrolysis. Which oxide of xenon is a colourless explosive solid. Which oxyacid of xenon is a colourless volatile liquid. Which oxygen compounds of xenon has a square pyramidal and trigonal pyramidal molecular structure.

Q.575
E D U C A T I O N S

Name the ion formed when XeO3 reacts with aq. alkali write a chemical reaction.
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PAGE # 20

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.576 Q.577 Q.578 Q.579 Q.58O Q.581 Q.582 Q.583 Q.584 Q.585 Q.586 Q.587 Q.588 Q.589 Q.59O Q.591 Q.592 Q.593 Q.594 Q.595 Q.596 Q.597

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Ion formed above slowly disproportionates to give another ion. Name the ion. What is the oxidation state of Xe in perxenate ion. What is the colour of the solution of perxenate solutions. Perxenate solutions are powerful oxidising or reducing agents. Which noble gas species is isostructural with (a) ICl4 (b) IBr 2 (c) BrO 3

Which noble gas is used in filling balloons & why it is used. Which noble gas is used in discharge tubes and fluoresent bulbs for advertisement display purposes. Which noble gas is used in gas-cooled nuclear reactors. What are the three binary fluorides of xenon. Which fluoride of xenon has square planar structure. How many bonding pairs of e are present in XeF 6. Which fluoride of xenon have a distorted octahedral structure. Which ion forms bridges between XeF5 + units in the solid state of XeF6 Which type of bridge is formed in solid state of XeF6 . Which type of units are present in solid state of XeF 6 What is the shape of XeF5+ units present in solid state of XeF6 Which species is formed when XeF react with SbF . Give a chemical reaction : XeF 4 5 At which temperature liquid He is used as cryogenic agent. Which noble gas has its application in NMR spectrometers. Which noble gas is radioactive in nature. State whether xenone fluoride are powerful flurinating agent. A compound gives off odourless, colourless gas with dil. HCl and develops golden gellone colour to flame compound is (a) NaNO 3 (b) CaCO3 (c) Na 2 CO3 (d) Ca(NO ) 3 2 + SbF
4 5

Q.598 Q.599 Q.6OO Q.6O1 Q.6O2

Li has higher I.E. than Na which of two is a better reducing agent ? Explain which factor is most responsible for above results ? Why Na is kept or stored in kerocene ? Why Li is not stored in kerocene ? Bright metallic lister of freshely cut piece of Na is lost on exposure to air why ? Which of the following does not react with Na metal ? (a) D2 O (b) C2 H5 OH M+ (g) + e is most favourable in (b) Li (c) Na (d) K (c) Diethyl ether (d) Acetone

Q.6O3

M(g) (a) Cs

Q.6O4

Which is a characteristic of alkali metal (a) Conductivity (b) High I.P. (c) Low O.P. (d) High m.p., b.p.

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PAGE # 21

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.6O5

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

It same molar amount of lithium, sodium & potassium are dissolved in water and the heat released are measured Q1, Q2 & Q3. Which of the following relations are correct.

Li Q1 (a) Q > Q > Q 1 2 3 Q.6O6 M + H2 O

Na Q2 (b) Q1 < Q2 < Q3

K Q3 (c) Q 1 = Q 2 = Q3 (d) Q2 > Q 1 > Q3

MOH + H2

What is order of alkali metals reactivity. Q.6O7 Li reacts with water slowly but when added to water explodes why ? How thermodynamic and kinetic terms can be related to above observation. Q.6O8 Q.6O9 Q.61O Q.611 Q.612 Does during the reaction of K with water K solid evaporates ? When alkali metals are added to water how does it changes the pH of water ? How does alkali metals react with limited quantity of oxygen ? What happens when alkali metal are reacted with excess of oxygen K
(excess)

+ O2

product is (b) K2O (c) K2O2 (d) None

(a) KO2 Q.613 Q.614 Q.615 Q.616 Q.617 Q.618 Q.619 Q.62O Q.621 Q.622 Q.623 Q.624 Q.625 Q.626 Q.627

Which alkali metal can be used to absorb N 2. Which elements are called S block elements ? Why I A group elements are called alkali metals ? Which alkali metal is most abundant in earth crust ? Why alkali metals are not found in free state ? What are Globular salt, salt cake, chilisalt peter ? What you call an element if it has 18e in Penultimate shell and 1 electron in outer most shell ? What you call an element if it has 8e in Penultimate shell and one e in outermost shell ? Why do alkali metals show mealability, ductility, etc. Why alkali metal have weak metallic bond ? Why alkali metal have low m.p. as compared to Transition metals. Which alkali metal is a liq. at room temperature. What is unit cell type of alkali metals ? Why Cs is used in photoelectric cells ? Why general analytical techniques like coloured ppt, titrations optical rotation are not useful for alkali metal analysis ?

Q.628 Q.629 Q.63O

Why alkali metals do not form coloured compounds. How do alkali metals are qualitatively identified ? What are colours imparted in flame by alkali metals ?
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.631 Q.632 Q.633 Q.634 Q.635 Q.636 Q.637 Q.638 Q.639

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Why alkali metals impart colour to bunsen flame. Why different alkali metals impart different colours to bunsen flames ? In flame why alkali metals or metal salt is added to HCl to prepare paste ? Why in flame test Cu wires cannot be used in place of Pt wire ? What is the reliability of flame test ? How the formation of various oxides of alkali metals can be related to their size ? What is structure of Li2O, Na 2O, K2 O, Rb 2 O. Why some alkali metals form oxide some form peroxide and other forms super oxide. A student wish to confirm a white solid as Na2O or Na2O2. He dipped red litmus paper into freshely prepared solution of water and found litmus decolouried, solid is (a) Na2O 2 (b) Na2O (c) NaO2 (d) None

Q.64O Q.641

What would have happened if red litmus has brought in contact with Na2 O. What happens when following is added to water (a) Na 2 O (b) Na 2 O (c) KO2

Q.642 Q.643

2 Which of following has highest bond order among O22, O2 , O2, O

Predict the magnetic nature of following ? (a) Na O


2 2

(b) KO2

(c) O2

(d) Na 2O

Q.644 Q.645

What is oxone chemically ? What is the order of basic strength of following oxides ? Li2 O, Na 2 O, K2O, Rb 2 O, Cs 2 O

Q.646 Q.647 Q.648 Q.649

Why Na 2O 2 & KO2 are used in space ships. What are washing soda, heptahydrated sod. carbonate and crystalline carbonate, soda ash. Which elements of P.T. forms most stable carbonates ? What happens when Na2O (a) H O lost
2

red hot

(b) CO lost 2

(c) Na 2O + CO2 formed (d) None

Q.65O Q.651 Q.652 Q.653

Why alkali metal carbonates are stable on heating ? Arrange following in order of stability H2CO3 , NaHCO3 , Na2 CO 3 What is the order of thermal stability of alkali metal carbonates ? Arrange following ions in order as indicated Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+ (a) Ionic radii (c) Hydration number (e) Ionic mobility (b) Hydrated radii (d) Hydration enthalpy

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PAGE # 23

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.654 Q.655 Q.656 Q.657 Q.658 Q.659 Q.66O Q.661 Q.662

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

What is the primary co-ordination of Li+ ion. In what order M+ ions eluted from cation exchange resins ? How would you make LiH ? Why is it more stable than NaH. How does change radius of Li+ differ from other alkali metal ion ? What other ion has properties similar to alkali metal ion ? The solubility of Li+ cation matches to which other cation. why Li3N is stable where as Na 3 N does not exist at 25C. Why lithium salts are commonly hydrated where as other alkali ions are anhydrous. For salts of strong acids the Li salt is usually the most soluble in water of the alkali metal salts, where as Li salts are usually less soluble than there of the other elements.

Q.663

What happens when Li2CO3 is strongly heated till 500C. (a) H 2O vapours are formed (c) Li2O, CO2 only (b) H 2O, Li2O, CO 2 (d) None

Q.664 Q.665 Q.666 Q.667 Q.668 Q.669 Q.67O Q.671 Q.672 Q.673 Q.674 Q.675 Q.676 Q.677 Q.678 Q.679

Why Li2CO3 decomposes on heating while other metal carbonates donot Alkali metal carbonates are good soluble in water. Explain why ? Why alkali metal carbonates are alkaline in nature ? What are the only five solid bicarbonates : Why Na2 CO3 & CaCO3 differenting react on heating ? How will you make distinction between Na2O and Na2O2. What happens. When Li2 CO3 & Na 2 CO3 are heated upto 500C. Why all bicarbonates decompose on heating. Comment on the solubility of bicarbonates ? Which of the two is more basic in Na 2CO3 , NaHCO ? 3 What happens when Na 2CO3 . NaHCO .2H2 O is strongly heated ? 3 What happens when Na metal is added to highly pure liq. NH 3 ? How does the blue colour of Na in NH3Cl, changes when Na is added in high concentration. Why solution of Na in NH 3(I) appears Blue. Why do all alkali metals form same blue colour. Blue colour of solution of alkali metal in NH3 is due to (a) Na metal (b) NaNH2 (c) Ammonated e (e) NaLi

(d) Ammonated metal ion Q.68O Q.681 What organic application of Na in NH 3(I) ? Na+NH 3(I) observation are (a) Blue colour (c) Produce NaNH
2

(b) Strong reducing agent (d) Produce H2


PAGE # 24

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E D U C A T I O N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.682 Q.683 Q.684 Q.685

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Blue solution of alkali metals in NH3 (I) is diamagnetic or paramagnetic ? How blue solution of alkali metal ion is decomposed ? What happens if NH3(I) is carefully evaporated from blue solution ? To blue solution of Na/NH3(I) if more sodium is added it show metallic copper coloured solution then its paramagnetism is (a) Increased (b) Decreased (c) The same (d) No change

Q.686 Q.687

Why paramagnetism of blue solution decreases on increasing concentration. Which other liq. form blue colour other than NH3(I) (a) THF (d) RNH
2

(b) HMPA (e) Ethers

(c) Diglyme

Q.688 Q.689 Q.69O Q.691 Q.692 Q.693 Q.694 Q.695 Q.696 Q.697 Q.698 Q.699 Q.7OO Q.7O1 Q.7O2 Q.7O3 Q.7O4 Q.7O5 Q.7O6 Q.7O7 Q.7O8 Q.7O9 Q.71O Q.711 Q.712

Which alkali metals is radioactive. Which isotope of Fr has longest life. What is the half life of longest lived isotope of francium. How many valence electron(s) are present in the alkali metal. Which type of ion (monovalent or bivalent) are formed by the alkali metal. Superoxides are paramagnetic or diamagnetic is nature. Which oxide of alkali metal is widely used as an oxidizing agent in inorganic chemistry. Give the reason for the low solubility of LiF & CsI in water. Why alkali metals forms salts with all the oxoacids. Which alkali metal have thermally unstable carbonate. Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (increasing order of occurence in lithosphere) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (increasing order of ionization enthalpy). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of metallic radius) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of ionic radius). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of melting point). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of boiling point). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of density) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of standard potential). Cs2CO3, Rb2CO3, K2CO3, Na2CO3, Li2CO3 (increasing order of stability of carbonates) CsHCO3, RbHCO3, KHCO3, NaHCO3, LiHCO3 (increasing order of stability of bicarbonates) MCl, MBr, MF, MI (Increasing order of covalent character) (M = alkali metal) KCl, KBr, KI (Decreasing solubility in water) LiF, NaF, KF, RbF, CsF (Increasing order of lattice energy) Li, Na, K (Decreasing order of reducing nature in solution). LI 2O, Na2 O, K2O, Rb 2O < Cs 2 O (Increasing order of basic nature)
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PAGE # 25
N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.713 Q.714 Q.715 Q.716 Q.717 Q.718 Q.719 Q.72O Q.721

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of reactivity with water) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of electropositive character). Write the chemical formula of epsomite. Why Mg does not react with oxygen & water. Which gas is liberated from H2 O by magnesium amalgam. Which oxide and nitride are formed when Mg burns in air. Which organometallic compound is formed when alkyl & aryl halides react with Mg. Magnesium acts as a (oxidising or reducing agent) in the production of metals such as Ti, Zr and Hf. Which alkaline earth metal is used as a an oxygen scavenger and for cathodic protection of other metals.

Q.722

Why the temperature of 1273 k is maintained when lime stone is heated for the production of quicklime.

Q.723 Q.724 Q.725 Q.726

What is another name of calcium oxide. What is slaking ? Quicklime slaked with soda gives a solid. Complete the following chemical reaction occuring at high temperature (a) CaO + SiO2 (b) CaO + P4O10

Q.727 Q.728 Q.729 Q.73O Q.731

What is slaked lime & how it is produced. What is lime water ? Suspension of slaked lime in water is known as. What happens when CO is passed through lime water. 2 Identify X in following reaction Ca(OH)2 + CO2 (excess) X (soluble)

Q.732

Milk of lime reacts with chlorine and forms a compound A which is a constituent of bleaching powder. Identify the compound A.

Q.733 Q.734 Q.735

What is gypsum. How plaster of paris is obtained. Why compounds of alkaline earth metal are less ionic than the corresponding compounds of the alkali metals.

Q.736 Q.737

Which type of bond (ionic or covalent) is found in BeO. Arrange the following in order of their indicated property. (i) Mg(OH) , Sr(OH) , Ba(OH) , Ca(OH) (Solubility) 2 2 2 2 (ii) Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Mg(OH)2 (Basic character)) (iii) Mg(OH)2 , Co(OH) , Sr(OH)2 , Ba(OH) (Solubility) 2 2
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.738 Q.739 Q.74O Q.741 Q.742 Q.743

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Name the ion formed when Be(OH)2 reacts with alkali. Give the chemical reaction How many halogen atoms are coordinated with Be in condensed phase of beryllium halides. Which halides of magnesium are soluble in organic solvents. Fluoride of which alkaline earth metal is known as fluorospar. Name the halide of the alkaline earth metal which is the only large scale source of fluorine. Arrange the following : (i) BeCO3, MgCO3, CaCO3,SrCO3, BaCO3 (Thermal stability) (ii) CaSO , SrSO , BaSO (Solubility) 4 4 4 (iii) Ca(C 2O 4) 2, Sr(C O ) , Ba(C O ) (Solubility) 2 4 2 2 4 2

Q.744 Q.745

Nitrate of which alkaline earth metal crystallizes as the anhydrous salt. Complete the following reaction 2Ca(NO3)2

Q.746 Q.747 Q.748

Name the nitrate of alkaline earth metal which is used in pyrotechnics for giving red flame. Why the sulphates of Be & Mg are readily soluble. Except Be, remaining members of the group 2 can have a coordination number of six. Why it is so ?

Q.749 Q.75O Q.751

Name the minerals in which Mg occurs in earths crust. How Mg is obtained from magnesite or dolomite. Consider the following reaction CaCO3.MgCO3 + 2H2SO4 CaSO4 + MgSO4 + 2H2O + 2CO2

How the two sulphates formed in above reaction can easily be separated. Q.752 What is the chemical formula of magnesium sulphate which is obtained from the solution containing CaSO & MgSO is the temperature range 273-320K. 4 4 Q.753 Q.754 Q.755 Q.756 Q.757 Q.758 Q.759 Q.76O Q.761 Q.762 Q.763 What is the correct formulation of the heptahydrate form of magnesium. What is pottash magnesis & what is its chemical composition. Give an medical application of magnesium sulphate. What are the important compounds present in portland cement. Why portland cement was named so ? Who firstly used the name portland cement ? Chemically explain the setting of cement. Which element of group 2 is not known as the alkaline earth metal. How many valence electrons are present in Mg. Which shell occupies valence electrons in Ba. Which metals (alkali or alkaline earth) have smaller atomic radii. Give reason in support of your answer.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.764

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

The first ionization enthalpies of alkaline earth metals are higher than these of alkali metals but second ionization enthalpies of the alkaline earth metals are smaller than those of corresponding alkali metals why.

Q.765 Q.766 Q.767 Q.768 Q.769 Q.77O Q.771 Q.772 Q.773

Which alkaline earth metals do not give flame test & why. Which alkaline earth metal imparts apple green colour to the flame. When KCN is added to CuSO4 solution which complex is formed. Out of AgNO3, AgF and AgClO4 which salts are water soluble. Write the stability of Cu+ and Ag+ halide complexes are in increasing order. Most commen oxidation state of lanthanides is. The purest form of Fe is Cu+ is diamagnetic explain. Paramagnetism is given by the relation = 2 s(s 1) megnetons where s is the total spin. On

the this basis what is the paramagnetism of Cu+ ion. Q.774 Q.775 Q.776 Q.777 Q.778 Q.779 Q.78O Q.781 Q.782 Q.783 What is gun metal. An acidic solution contain Cu+2, Pb+2, Zn+2. If H 2S gas is passed through this solution, which of the ppt out. Silver ornaments turn black in atmosphere. Which gas is responsible. In dilute alkaline KMnO4 solution MnO 4 changes to. What is d-d transition. AgCl and Nacl are colourless while AgBr and AgI are coloured. Explain. Why d-block element have ability of complexes formation. What happens when H 2O 2 is added to an acidified solution of K2 Cr2 O7 Which metal of 3d transition series have maximum oxidation state. Arrange the following hydroxy compounds in order of increasing acid strength, and account for the trend : (a) CrO2(OH)2 Q.784 Q.785 Q.786 of Q.787 (b) Cr(OH)2 (c) Cr(OH)3

Explain how Cr(OH)3 can act both as an acid and as a base. Why does chromium seem to be less reactive than its standard reduction potential suggests ? [FeIII(CN) ]3 ion has magnetic moment of 1.73 B.M., while [Fe(H O) ]3+ has a magnetic moment
6 2 6

5.92 B.M. Explain. What is the EAN (effective atomic number) of the underlined atoms in the following complexes ? (a) [Fe(CN)6 ]4 Q.788 (b) [Cr(en) 3]3+ (c) Ni(CO)4 (d) [Fe(H2 O) 6 ]2+

Match the geometry (given in column A) with the complexes (given in column B) in : A (I) (II) (III) Octahedral Square planar Tetrahedral B (a) [Ni(CN)4]2 (b) [Fe(CN)6]4 (c) Ni(CO) 4
PAGE # 28

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.789

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

One mol of the aqueous solution of the complex CoCl3 .5H O when treated with excess of aqueous 2 AgNO 3 solution gave one mol of white ppt of AgCl. What is the complex ? (For this you should know that how many Cl ions are not coordinated to Co3+ - naturally one which is precipitated as AgCl)

Q.79O

Arrange [Fe(CN)6]4, [Fe(CN)6]3, [Ni(CN)4]2 and [Ni(H O) 4 ]2+ in increasing order of magnetic 2 moment.

Q.791

Magnetic of Fex+ ion is tronic configuration.

35 B.M. Determine number of unpaired electrons. Also write its elec-

Q.792

s- and p-block elements form coloured/colourless ? (a) Zn2+ (f) V3+ (b) Cu+ (g) Mn2+ (c) Cu2+ (h) Ni2+ (d) Sc3+ (i) Na+ (e) Ti2+ (j) Ca2+

Q.793 Q.794

Hg2+ salts are colourless. Explain. Compounds, containing the Sc3+ ion are colourless, whereas those containing the Ti3+ ion are coloured. Explain.

Q.795 Q.796

Explain the term Lanthanide contraction. Due to lanthanide contraction, second and third row transition elements (called 4d and 5d series respectively) have similar radii. What are the other properties do you think would be similar ?

Q.797 Q.798 Q.799 Q.8OO

Reduction using Lindlar catalyst converts 2-butyne into .... TiCl4 is used as ........... catalyst in polymerisation of ethylene. Cracking of hydrocarbons in presence of hydrogen is done by ............ catalysts. VO2+ is oxidised to VO 2+ by MnO 4 in acidic medium, which in turn is reduced to Mn2+. Write balanced equation for this reaction. One of the following oxide is also called chromic acid. Select that one : CrO , Cr O , CrO , CrO. 2 2 3 3 What is oxidation number of Cr in CrO 2 Cl2 . What is oxidation number of Cr in CrO5 or CrO(O2)2 What is oxidation number of Cr in (NH 4)2Cr 2 O7 What is oxidation number of Cr in [Cr(O ) ]3 2 4 Arrange the following ions in order of increasing strength as a reducing agent, and account for the trend : (a) Cr2+ (b) Cr3+ (c) Cr 2O 72

Q.8O1 Q.8O2 Q.8O3 Q.8O4 Q.8O5 Q.8O6

Q.8O7 Q.8O8 Q.8O9 Q.81O

H2O 2 can be oxidised to O2 by MnO4 in acidic as well as in basic medium. Write reactions What happens when CO2 gas is passed into MnO 4 2 solution ? Unreacted AgBr in photography is removed by hypo used as fixer. What is the reaction ? (a) When H2S gas is passed into FeCl3 solution, yellow colour of FeCl3 changes to light green. Explain (b) Same behaviour is also observed when SnCl2 solution is observed. Explain.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.811 Q.812 Q.813 Q.814 Q.815 Q.816 Q.817 Q.818 Q.819 Q.82O Q.821 Q.822 Q.823 Q.824 Q.825 paper. Q.826 Q.827 Q.828 Q.829 Q.83O paper. Q.831 Q.832 Q.833 Q.834 Q.835 Q.836 Q.837 Q.838 Q.839 Q.84O Q.841 Q.842 Q.843 Q.844

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Given chemical tests for making distinction between Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. When K2HgI4 reacts with NH3, brown ppt is formed. Explain the formation of brown ppt. What is brass. What is coinge metal What is nichrome. Name those anions which have high solubility Which anion has least ppt. test. Soda extract is prepared by which carbonate. Soda extract cant be used for which anion detection. Name effervetive gas. Which anions release gases which turns lime water milky. The milkiness of lime water is due to. Formula of lime water is. Mikiness of lime water dissappears due to formation of x on passage of excess CO X is. 2 Which gas has suffocating order and responds to litmus What is the colour of K2Cr2O 7 paper when it is treated with SO2. What is the oxidation state of chromium when it is reduced by SO . 2 In which medium di-chromate ions are converted into chromate ion. Which of the 2 has more oxidising action dichromate or chromate. Which type of substances are detected by potassium iodide starch

Which type of reagents are detected by KIO starch paper. 3 What happens when white ppt. of Ba(CO ) is is treated with dil acid. 3 Out of CO3 2, SO 3 , Br, I, Cl whose barium salts or silver salts are dissolved by dil. acids. In which case CrO2Cl2 test cant be employed. Which cation should be absent when CrO 2Cl 2 test is employes. Which anion other than halide should be absent when CrO2 Cl chloride test is employed. 2 What happens when NaCl is treated with potassium dichromate ? Chromyl chloride formation indicates formation of which gas. What is formula of chromyl chloride and its color. What is the gas released when Cl ions are added with conc. H2 SO 4 . What is the gas evolves with Cl ions are reacted with MnO . 2 Which of the 2 gases Cl or HCl is coloured. 2 What happens when chromyl chloride gas is passed into alkaline water. What happens when chlorides are added to AgNo3 .
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.845 Q.846 Q.847 Q.848 Q.849 Q.85O Q.851 Q.852 Q.853 Q.854 Q.855 Q.856 Q.857 Q.858 Q.859 Q.86O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Name some substances in which AgCl is soluble. Which of the Ag halide is most colored. Which theory explains colour of Ag halides. Which Ag halide is most easy to break by NH solution. 3 Which halide ions on addition of concentration H SO does not evolve halogen. 2 4 How does solubility of PbCl2 depends on the temp. of water. Name one acid which on added to Br and I does not evolves halogen. Which liq. can be used for organic layer test. What is the colour of organic layer when Br and Cl are tested separately. Which oxidising agent can theoretically employed as for organic layer test of halides. What happens when Br ions are reacts PbO2 . Name some reagents which can oxidise Br into bromine. Which halogen can displace bromide from its salt. When iodide is added to conc. H2SO4 which vapor and gas are released. Which hydrogen halide among HCl, HBr, HI can reduce H2 SO into SO 2 . 4 When iodides are treated with H SO acid, a yellow ppt. and rotten egg smell are produced, small 2 4 is due to. Which halide ion cant be oxidised by MnO 2 . What happens when CuSO4 is added to iodide. What happens when hypo is added to I ion. What is formula of Nesslers reagent. What happens when HgCl is added to excess of KI. 2 Which halide ion catalyses reaction between Ce4+ and aresnate ion. What happens when I ions are treated with acidified potassium nitrite solution. Which gas is coorless but on exposure to air turns brown. Which gas is complexed by FeSO to produce brown solution. 4 What is oxidation state of Fe in brown ring test. Which metals or heating with NO
3

Q.861 Q.862 Q.863 Q.864 Q.865 Q.866 Q.867 Q.868 Q.869 Q.87O Q.871 Q.872 Q.873 Q.874 Q.875 Q.876 Q.877 Q.878

evolves NH gas. 3

Which anions show brown ring complex with FeSO4. Which gas is evolved when NO3 is decomposed by conc. H SO 2 4 What happens when NO2 are treated with dil. H SO4 . 2 What is the colour of HNO2 . Which gas is evolved when NO 3 are reduced by Cu turning. Which of the 2 is soluble in HCl on warming BaSO4 or Ba3(PO4)2 What happens when BaSO4 ppt is reduced by charcoal in presence of Na 2 CO3 .
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N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.879 Q.88O Q.881 Q.882 Q.883 Q.884 Q.885 Q.886 Q.887 Q.888 Q.889 Q.89O Q.891

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY
2

Write some common sulphate which are insoluble. What is the formula of ppt. formed when SO4 What is the formula of ammonium molybdate. What is the formula of ammonium molybdate that is commercially available. Formula of ammonium phosphomolybdate. What is the color of ammonium phosphomolybate. What happens when disodium hydrogen phosphate is added to FeCl3. What happens when ZrO(NO 3) 2 is added to phosphate ions. Which ions on treatment with ammonium molybdate produce canary yellow colour. What are the gases produced when C O 2 4
2

are treated with mercuric nitrates.

is reacted with conc. H SO4 . 2

What is the colour of flame when CO is burnt. What happens when drops of potassium per mangnate is added to oxalate ion solution. What is the colour change produce when potassium dichromate is added to aq. solution of C O 2 4 ion. Which anion has a smell of vinegar. What happens when CH COO are rubbed with oxalic acid. 3 Name one substance which is an acetate and insoluble. Which anion show fruity ester test. Which reagent or addition to CH3 COO forms blood red calouration. What is the formula of blood red coloration formed in above test. What is the formula of basic ferric acetate. Which anion other than CH 3COO forms blood red coloration and then brown ppt on heating. Which anion on reaction with KMnO undergoes O catalysis. 4 2
2

Q.892 Q.893 Q.894 Q.895 Q.896 Q.897 Q.898 Q.899 Q.9OO

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INORGANIC PAPER

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

SOLUTIONS
Q.1 1. 2Al + 3O 2. 2Al + N2 3. 2Al + 3Cl 2 4. Al + Cr O
2 3 3 2

Al2O3 2AlN 2AlCl3 Al2O3 + Cr


4

5. Al + Mn O 6. Al + HCl

Al2O3 + Mn AlCl3 + H2 H 2O

Al(OH) + 3HCl 3 7. 2Al + 3H SO (dil)


2 4

Al (SO ) + 6H 2 4 3 2 Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O

8. 2Al + H2SO4(conc.) 9. Al + HNO3 1O. Al + NaOH

No reaction 3 H 2 2 3AlCl

Al(OH) + 3

11. 2Al + AlCl Q.2

High Temp.

1. Al(OH) + 3H+ 3

Al+3 + 3H O acid

2. Al(OH) + NaOH 3 base 3. Al(OH) 4. Al(OH) Q.3 Q.4


3

Na[Al(OH)4 ] or NaAlO 2 .2H2 O sodium meta aluminate Al2O3 ( -form) Al2O 3 ( -form)

Below 450C

Above 450C

M(I) M(III) (SO4 )2 .12H2 O 6 water molecule act as ligands about mono valent metal cations and 6 water molecule act as ligands about trivalent metal cations.

Q.5 Q.6 Q.7 Q.8 Q.9 Q.1O Q.11

Almost any unipositive cations (except Li+) most commen alums have K+, NH 4+ Al+3, Ti +3, V3+, Cr3+, Fe3+, Mn3+, Co3+, Ga3+, Re3+, Ir3+ Due to different type of ions. Li+ It loses water of crystallisation and swell up. Alums are used as mordant in dyeing. Acidic due to cationic hydrolysis of trivalent cation.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.12 Q.13

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

An aqueous solution containing equimolar amount of Al2(SO4) and K2SO4 crystallises as allums. Double dulphate of divalent ions and trivalent ions with 24 water molecules in their crystals are known as pseudo alums.

Q.14 Q.15 Q.16

No Al2SO 4 .18H 2O Al(OH) 3 + 3H+ acid Al(OH) + NaOH 3 base Na[Al(OH)4 ] or NaAlO 2 .2H2 O sodium meta aluminate Al+3 + 3H 2O

Q.17

Al(OH)3 Zn(OH)2

Gelatinous white ppt. white ppt.

Q.18 Q.19 Q.2O Q.21

It is prepared by passing dry chlorine over aluminium powder. Al O + 3C + 3Cl2 2 3 2AlCl3 + 3CO

In inert orgnic solvent and in vapour state. The high enthalpy of hydration is sufficient to break the covalent dimer into [M(H 2O) 6 ]3+ and 3X ions. Yes Acidic, AlCl 3 + 3H2 O Yes It is hydroscopic in nature. AlCl is unstable below 800C. It disproportionate below 800C 3AlCl AlCl + 2Al 3 [AlCl 4] Li[AlH 4] Al(OH) 3 + 3HCl

Q.22 Q.23 Q.24 Q.25 Q.26

Q.27 Q.28 Q.29 Q.3O Q.31 Q.32 Q.33 Q.34 Q.35 Q.36 Q.37 Q.38 Q.39

AlCl + Cl
3

Al Cl + LiH (excess) 2 6 Al2O3 -Al 2O 3, -Al 2 O3 -Al2O3 Al + Fe 2O3

Al2O3 + Fe + heat 6AlCl + 3O2

2Al O + 2AlCl 3 2 3 -form -Al2O3

The strength of CC bond is very high. Pb Graphite CO


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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.4O Q.41 Q.42 Q.43 Pb

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Free electrons present in 2p orbitals of graphite Graphite C


840 1600C

Q.44

-Quartz
15C

-Quartz
160C

Tridymite

cristobalite

Q.45

-Sn

-Sn

Rhombic Sn

Q.46 Q.47

-Sn

15C

-Sn

160C

Rhombic Sn

The conversion of white tin ( -Sn) is accompainied by an increase in volume and the letter, being very brittle, easily crumbles down to powder, this phenomenon is known as tin disease.

Q.48

When bent the metal produces a cracking sound due to rubbing of crystals over one another is known as tin cry.

Q.49 Q.5O Q.51 Q.52 Q.53 Q.54 lesser. Q.55 Q.56 Q.57 Q.58 Q.59 Q.6O Q.61 Q.62 Q.63 Q.64 Q.65 Q.66 Q.67

Sn Diamond CO, CO2, C3O2 H 2CO3 HCOOH Fullerens are produced by evoparation of graphite by Yes 60 Purple colour Red orange colour Sockers ball Malonic acid CO2 SnO CO CO SiO2 Produce strong base by hydrolysis. CaC2 + N2
1300C

neutral, others

acidic

CaCN2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.68 CaCN
HOH

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Ca(OH) 2 + H2 N CN

BHO
2

H2N

C || O urea

NH2

Q.69 Q.7O Q.71 Q.72 Q.73

CaCN2 + 2NaCl K Fe(CN)


4

Coke

CaCl2 + NaCN + N 2

4KCN + Fe + N 2
4

2KCN + H SO
2

2HCN + 2K+ + SO 2 4

Alkaline HCN HCN HCN


O2

N
2

CC

Cu

Cu(CN) + NaCN 2

Ag

Q.74

Cl + NaOH OCl+ + Cl 2 (CN)2 + NaOH OCN+ + CN both produced similar type of ions.

Q.75 Q.76

SiO2 does not have tendency of p -p overlapping. CO 2, SiO2 Acidic GeO2 , SnO Amphoteric 2 PbO2 Basic

Q.77 Q.78 Q.79 Q.8O Q.81 Q.82 Q.83 Q.84 Q.85

Pb(NO3)2 CO2

PbO + NO2

Gives mellitic acid [C 6(COOH)6 ] and oxalic acid. (R 2SiO)n Silicones are produced. sp3 -Quartz Silicates are formed 2KOH + SiO2 CaCO 3 + SiO2 2KNO3 + SiO2 SiO2 + 6HF C + SiO2 K2SiO3 + H2 O CaSiO3 + CO2 K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 H2SiF6 + 2H2O CO 2 + Si

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.86 Q.87 Q.88 Q.89 Q.9O Q.91 Q.92 Q.93 Flint Super cooled liquid, pseudo solid. SiO2 + 6HF H2SiF6 + 2H2O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Fluoro siliclic acid. Na 2SiO 3 .CaSiO3 .HSiO2 Na 2SiO 3 .H 2 O When transition metals are added into soda glass solution. Different type of colour are obtained. Silanes Si H n 2n + 2 German Ge n H2n + 2

Q.94 Q.95 Q.96 Q.97

Vertex of silica is formed. Si + 2NaOH HF Silanes Toxic Autocombust Reducing agent Unstable Alkanes Not Not Not Stable K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 NaSiO3 + H2

Q.98 Q.99 Q.1OO Q.1O1 Q.1O2 Q.1O3 Q.1O4 Q.1O5 Q.1O6 Q.1O7 Q.1O8 Q.1O9 Q.11O Q.111 Q.112 Q.113 Q.114

KNO3 + SiO2 HF Corundum ( Glass SiO2 Soda glass Hard glass SiO44 , BO 33 Flint glass

Al2O 3) and Carborundum (SiC)

Stops U.V. light Pyrex glass CaCO + Na CO + SiO + H BO 3 2 3 2 3 3 borosilicate gass

Trimethyl amines sp3, Trisilyl amine sp2 hybridization N(CH3)3 Polymeric organocompounds contain SiOSi bonds therefore known as silicones. SiO form 2 C does not have 3d orbitals.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.115 Q.116 Q.117

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Tin is purifyed by electrolytic method Both SnO and SnO2 SnC O


2 4

SnO + CO + CO 2

Oxidation of SnO to SnO is checked by CO 2 Q.118 SnO


2

NaOH

Na 2SnO 3 H3SnO3 stannic acid Sn(OH)Cl

SnO2 Q.119 Q.12O Q.121 Q.122 Q.123 Q.124 Q.125 Q.126 Q.127 Q.128

H2SO 4

SnCl2.2H2O SnCl4 SnCl4.5H2O SnCl2.2NH3 SnCl4.4NH3 HgCl + SnCl 2 2 SnF 2

Calamel

Does not reacts with organic acids. 3SnCl + 2AuCl 2 3 3SnCl + 2AuCl 2 3 SnCl4.5H2O Butter of Tin
H 2O

3SnCl4 + 2Au 2Au+ + 3SnCl Sn(OH)Cl


H2O

Sn(OH)4

Q.129

Q.13O Q.131 Q.132 Q.133

Sn + HNO SnI
4

H3 SnO3

yellow, SnCl4 and SnBr4 coloured SnF + H O 2 2

SnO + 2HF

Pb has more value of ionization energy then Sn due to poor shielding of the valence shell electrons by the electrons present in d and f subshells.

Q.134 Q.135 Q.136 Q.137 Q.138 Q.139

PbO, PbO 2, Pb 2 O3 , Pb 3 O4 Because Pb+2 is more stable than Pb+4 Absence of d-orbitals in C C > > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb Three Fajans rule
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.14O (a) C < Si < Ge < Sn < Pb (b) M.P., C > Si > Ge > Pb > Sn B.P., C > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb (c) Si < C < Ge < Sn < Pb (d) C > Si > Ge > Pb > Sn

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

(e) C(+4), Si(+4), Ge(+4), Sn(+4), Pb(+2) Q.141 Group V elements have ns2
3 -np

general configurator which is a half filled orbital having extra

stability. So they have high I.E. Q.142 Q.143 As and Sb The bond strength between Bi-Bi is quite poor and secondly due to inert pair effect, it has poor tendency to form more no. of bonds with other Bi atoms. Q.144 Q.145 Q.146 Q.147 Q.148 Q.149 Q.15O Q.151 Q.152 Q.153 Q.154 Q.155 Q.156 +3 and +5 NH 3(3), NH2 -NH 2 (2), NH2OH(1), N2 (0), N2 O(+1), NO(+2), N2 O3 (+3), NO (+4), N O (+5) 2 2 5 Group V elements have poor bond strength between their atoms. H N2 Red, yellow, black. White and yellow White and yellow Nitrogen N has high bond energy. 2 Nitrogen N2 others M4 p -d Ca3, N2 Ca3P2 : Q.157
H2 O

NH3 PH3 3CO(OH)2 + 2PH3 phosphene 3Ca(OH) 2 + 2NH 3 3Zn(OH)2 + 2AsH3

H2 O

Ca3P2 + 6HOH Ca 3 N2 + 6H 2 O Zn 3As2 + 6H 2 O

Q.158 Q.159 Q.16O Q.161 Q.162

Hydrazine NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 NH 3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH > BiH 3 3 BiH3 NH3

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.163 Q.164 Q.165 Q.166 Q.167 Q.168 Q.169 Q.17O Q.171 Q.172 Q.173 NH has H-bonding. 3 NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3 BiX3 Pyramidal PCl3 + HOH NX3 Yes Nitrogen Trihalides are more stable Yes H3PO3 + 3HCl

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Gaseous state PCl and in solid state [PCl +] [PCl ] 5 4 6

Q.174

Q.175 Q.176 Q.177 Q.178

Ca(PO4 )2 + C Yellow Yellow P Red P

CaCO3 + P

Q.179

Q.18O Q.181

Yellow (a) White P converts into Red P (b) White P appears yellow

Q.182 Q.183 Q.184

Polymeric structure. Insoluble Red water P P + Ca or Mg P + Na or K Ca3P2 or Mg3P2 Na 3P or K 3P

Q.185

Highly reactive, burshing into Hames when exposed to air.


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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.186 Q.187 Q.188 Q.189 P
O2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

P 2O 3

PH & NaH PO 3 2 2 Reducing agent P + HNO


3

H3 PO4 + NO2 H3PO4 + SO3

P + Conc H2SO4 P + CuSO4 P + AgNO3 Q.19O P P Q.191 Q.192


PCl5

Cu 3P3 Ag 3 P2 + HNO3 PCl 5 P 4S 3

S8

White (a) Ca P + 6H O 3 2 2 (b) Na3P + H2O 3Ca(OH)2 + 2PH3 NaOH + PH3 + Al(OH)3

Q.193 Q.194 Q.195 Q.196

AlP H PO
3

H2 O

PH 3

PH3 + H3 PO4 PH3 + 3NaH PO2 2

P + 3NaOH + 3H O 4 2 P 2O5

Ring of N2O5 are known as vertex ring. During formations of PH3, PH3 is oxidized by O2 and forms P4 + NaOH PH 3 + O2 PH + O
3 2

Q.197

Na2HPO4 + PH3 HPO3 P 2O 5 + H2 O

vertex ring Q.198 Q.199 Q.2OO N has no d-orbital thus it cant accept H2O as a ligand for hydrolysis. Due to high P F bond strength NCl
3

H2O

X H3PO3 As 2O3 Sb OCl BiOCl

PCl3 AsCl

H2 O

H2 O

SbCl BiCl Q.2O1 Q.2O2 Q.2O3


E D U C A T I O N S

H2O

H2O

Bi does not show +5 oxidation state due to inert pair effect. B > Al < Ga > In < Tl BF3 < BCl3 < BBr3 < BI3
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.2O4 Q.2O5 Q.2O6 Q.2O7 Q.2O8 Q.2O9 Q.21O Pb Q.211 Q.212 Q.213 Q.214 Q.215 Q.216 Q.217 Q.218 Q.219 Q.22O Q.221 Q.222 Q.223 Q.224 Q.225 Q.226 Q.227 Q.228 Q.229 Q.23O Q.231 Q.232 Q.233 Q.234 Q.235 Q.236 Q.237 Q.238
E D U C A T I O N S

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

BCl3 < AlCl3 < GaCl3 < InCl3 B 2O3 < Al2 O3 < Ga 2 O3 < In2O3 < Tl2 O3 B > Al > Ga > In > Tl Ga < In < Tl B > Al > Ga > In > Tl Al > Ga > In > Tl C > Si > Ge > Sn <

C >> Si > Ge > Sn > Pb C > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb


2

PbF > PbCl > PbBr > PbI 2 2 2 Si < C < Ge < Sn < Pb N < P < As > Sb > Bi N < P < As < Sb > Bi NH > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH 3 > BiH3 3 NH3 < PH < AsH < SbH < BiH 3 3 3 3 PH3 < AsH3 < NH3 < SbH3 NI3 > NBr3 > NCl > NF 3 3 NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH > BiH3 3 PCl3 > AsCl3 > SbCl3 N 2O 3 > P2 O3 > As2 O3 N 2O 5 > P2 O5 > As2 O5 > Sb2O5 > Bi2 O5 N 2O < NO < N O < N2 O4 < N2 O5 2 3 P2O5 > As2O5 > Sb2O5 > N2O5 > Bi2O5 NCl3 > PCl3 > AsCl3 > SbCl > BiCl 3 3 PF > PCl3 > PBr3 > PI3 3 PI3 > PBr > PCl > PF 3 3 3 HNO3 > H3PO4 > H3AsO4 > H3SbO4 O < S > Se > Te O > S > Se > Te > Po H2O < H2S < H2Se < H2Te H 2Te < H2 Se < H S <H O 2 2 H 2O > H2 S > H2 Se > H Te 2 H 2O < H2 S < H2 Se < H Te 2 H2O > H2S > H2Se > H2Te SO3 > SeO3 > TeO3
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.239 Q.24O Q.241 Q.242 Q.243 Q.244 Q.245 SO > SO > SO 2 3 H TeO < H SeO < H SO 2 3 2 3 2 3 F < Cl > Br > I F > Cl > Br > I Cl > Br > F > I 2 2 2 2 F > Cl > Br > I 2 2 2 2 HI > HBr > HCl > HI > HBr > HCl

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

HF Q.246

> HF Q.247 HF > HI > HBr > HCl Q.248 I Q.249 Q.25O Q.251 Q.252 Q.253 Q.254 Q.255 Q.256 Q.257 Q.258 Q.259 Q.26O Q.261 Q.262 Q.263 Q.264 Q.265 Q.266 Q.267 Q.268 Q.269 Q.27O HF > HCl > HBr > H HClO > HClO > HClO > HClO 4 3 2 HClO > HBrO > HIO HClO < HBrO < HIO 3 3 3 HClO > HClO > HClO > HClO 4 3 2 HClO > HBrO > HIO HClO4 < HClO3 < HClO2 < HClO MF > MCl > MBr > MI I < I
3

<I

< I O < H IO 2 5 5 6

HClO < HClO2 < HClO3 < HClO4 HI < I2 < ICl < HIO 4 He < Ne < Ar < Kr < Xe Xe > Kr > Ar > Ne > He XeF6 < XeF4 < XeF2 Concentration solution of NH 3 is water. Hydrogen bonding. Yellow flame. Yes NH3 + O2 N2 + H2O

Hydrogen bonding. Haber process. NH3 has hydrogen bonding like water. Good dielectric constant. NH has a tendency to form H-bond which helps to dissolve organic substances whereas its 3 relatively low dielectric constant then water makes it a poor solvent for ionic inorganic substances.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.271

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

AgI has covalent bond so it is insoluble in water but it is soluble in NH3 due to complex formation. AgI + 2NH3 l [Ag(NH3)2]
+

Q.272 Q.273 Q.274 Q.275 Q.276 Q.277 Q.278 Q.279 Q.28O Q.281 Q.282 Q.283 Q.284 Q.285 Q.286 Q.287 Q.288 Q.289 Q.29O Q.291 Q.292 Q.293 Q.294 Q.295 Q.296 Q.297 Q.298 Q.299 Q.3OO Q.3O1 Q.3O2

NH 4+ + NH2 Acid - base Reducing agent. N2 + H2O NH3 + HNO3 N 2O + H2 O Linear One 2p NO + NO2 NO2 NO2 Diamagnetic N 2O5 Vapour Fe(CO) 5 + NO
50C Pressure

[Fe(CO)2 (NO)2]

[Fe(H2O)5NO]SO4 Phosphorous acid & phosphoric acids. +1 or +3 in phosphorous acid, +4 or +5 in phosphoric acid. Either one or two. Reducing agent White. One Orthophosphorous acid. NO Orthophosphoric acid. Pyrophosphoric acid. HPO3 (HPO3)n HNO 2, HNO3 Oxidising, reducing, complex forming ability
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.3O3 Q.3O4 Q.3O5 Q.3O6 Q.3O7 Q.3O8 Q.3O9 Q.31O Q.311 Q.312 Q.313 Q.314 Q.315 Q.316 Q.317 HNO3 NO2 dissolved in concentrated HNO3 aq. solution HNO3 Birkeland Eyde & ostwald Nitrate ion. Urea. H N O & HNO 4 2 4 4

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

By direct oxidation of NH3 using Pt as a catalyst. P2O5 HNO2 + HNO3 NO 2+ P2 O3, P2O5 P 2O5 (i) P2 O3 + 3H 2 O (ii) 2P 2O3 + 6H 2 O 2H 3PO 2 3H 3PO 3 + PH3

Q.318 Q.319 Q.32O Q.321

P2O5 P 2O3 P 2O5 (i) P2O5 + H2O (ii) P2O5 + 3H2O 2HPO3 2H3PO4 NH4 Cl + NH2 Cl]

Q.322 Q.323 Q.324 Q.325 Q.326 Q.327 Q.328 Q.329 Q.33O Q.331 Q.332 Q.333 Q.334
E D U C A T I O N S

Chloramine NH 2Cl [2NH3 + Cl 2 Hydrazine Ostwald Process. 2N 2(g) + 6H2 O(g) NO O 2, O 3 (i) 2KClO3(s) CO + SO 2 2 Sodium peroxide Na 2 O2 Pale Blue F 2O NO No vacant d-orbital.

MnO 2

3O2(g) + 2KCl(s)

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.335 Q.336 Q.337 Q.338 Q.339 Q.34O Q.341 Q.342 Q.343 Q.344 Q.345 Q.346 Q.347 Q.348 Q.349 Q.35O Q.351 Q.352 Q.353 Q.354 Q.355 Q.356 Q.357 Q.358 Q.359 Q.36O Q.361 Q.362 Q.363 Q.364 Q.365 Q.366 Q.367 Q.368 Heating with a cobalt salt SO2 BaO ZnO

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Elements that are on the borderline between metals and non-metals Sulphurous acid (HSO3) Alkaline Hydrogen High lattice energy BeO, SiO2, B2O3 2H2S + O 8 O
+ 2 2

2H2 O + 2S

O2

SO2

> O > O > O 2 2 2 2

O2 Yes 1 Na O > MgO > ZnO > P O 2 2 2 5 Small size, High EN, Absence of d orbitals. Priestley Strong covalent between two O atoms due to p -p overlapping. Non-linear O = paramagnetic, O = diamagnetic 2 3 Nitrite ion By action of a silent electric discharge 117 Increases to 3/2 times. O3 (i) Oxidation of organic compound, (ii) Water purification Group 16 Yes it can be oxidise all of them Zero 10% P +O +H O 4 3 2 False
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H 3PO4 Zero to + 5

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.369 Q.37O Q.371 Q.372 Q.373 Q.374 Q.375 Q.376 Q.377 Q.378 Q.379 Q.38O Q.381 Q.382 Q.383 Q.384 F2 Red U.V. Rays Chlorofloro Carbon O + 2K+ + 2I + H O 3 2 Solid H 2O2 Skew, chain structure H 2O or H2 O2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

KOH + I2 + O2

Its strong oxidizing nature ready decomposition Yes Reducing agent Acid Basic HO and OH 2 BaSO + H O 4 2 OH C 2H 5

Q.385 OH Q.386 Q.387 Q.388 Q.389 Q.39O Q.391 Q.392 Q.393 Q.394 Q.395 No Peroxodisulfuric acid O >O >HO 2 3 2 8 FeS 2 Frasch process -sulphur It is prepared by boiling milk of lime with sulphur and decomposing the product with HCl. 369 K, transition temperature. (i) 2S + Cl
2

Boil

S 2Cl2 P4S3

(ii) 3S + P4 (iii) 2S + C

1200 1400K

CS 2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.396 Q.397 Q.398 Q.399 Q.4OO Q.4O1 Q.4O2 Q.4O3 (NH 4) 2 Sx SO2 Trigonal planner, 120 SO2 Reducing nature SO
3

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

+4 and +6 FeS + H SO (dil.)


2 4

FeSO + H S 4 2

H 2(g) + S(I) Q.4O4 Q.4O5 Q.4O6 Q.4O7 Q.4O8 Q.4O9 Q.41O Q.411 Q.412 Q.413 Q.414 Q.415 Q.416 Q.417 Q.418 Q.419 Q.42O Q.421 Q.422 Q.423 Q.424 Q.425 Q.426 Q.427 Dibasic acid

H2 S(g)

Bisulphides and hydrogen sulphides. It reacts with cations and produced coloured insoluble sulphides. s is pricipatted. H 2S is readly oxidized into s or its disprotonation to SH or S2. Its ligand ability is very weak. Dilute chlorine. H 2SO 4 , it is used in most of manufacturing process. Contact process, Lead chamber process. Fe(OH)3 remove As2O5 in contact process. They absorb As 2O 5 on their surface. 95% Contact process. Fe(OH) 3 SO + H O 3 2 S + O2 SO2 H 2SO 4 it is a violent reaction.
O2 V 2 O5

SO3

H2O

H2SO4.

Intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Bisulphate and sulphate. 2 +6 H-bonding. Sparting of acid due to evolution of great amount of heat. H 2SO4 is an oxidizing agent thus it can easily oxidised elements in their oxyacids. H 2SO4 can form strong extensive H-bonds. Oxidising agent. C6(H2O)6
Conc. H2SO 4

6C + 6H2O Black

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.428 Q.429 Q.43O Q.431 Q.432 Q.433 Q.434 H 2SO4 H 2SO3 Zero and +4 It can be reduce I2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

It dissolves unreacted AgBr from the photographic emulsion by complexation. Cl2 + H2O + Na2S2O3 Cl2 + H2O + Na2S2O3 2HCl + Na2SO4 + S 2HCl + Na2SO4 + S

Hypo is thus used as an antichlore. Q.435 Q.436 Q.437 Q.438 Q.439 Q.44O Q.441 Q.442 Q.443 Q.444 Q.445 Q.446 Q.447 Q.448 Q.449 Q.45O Q.451 Q.452 Q.453 Q.454 Q.455 HI Q.456 Q.457 Q.458 Q.459 Q.46O Na 2S 2O3 Na2S + Na2S2O3 + I2 S 4O 62 (Tetrathionate) aq. solution of hydrogen halides. Strong affinity for hydrogen. (i) CaSO4 + 2HF(g), (ii) Na2SO2 + 2HCl(g) HF HI > HBr > HCl > HF High bond dissociation energy intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Due to high EN & small size of F. SbF is a strong e pair acceptor. 5 HF HF HF < HCl < HBr < HI HF forms a constant boiling mixture. It reacts with SiO of the glass. 2 HF HCl HF HNO3 HF > HCl > HBr > K+ and [HF 2] Fluorine ClOH > BrOH > IOH HClO < HClO < HClO < HClO 2 3 4 +1 2NaI + Na2S2O3

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.461 Q.462 Q.463 Q.464 Q.465 Q.466 Q.467 Increases. Ba(ClO ) + H SO 2 2 2 4 Chlorites HClO4 NaClO X = NH2 Cl, chloramine Tetrahedral, sp3
.. ..

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

2HClO2 + BaSO 4

Q.468 Q.469 Q.47O Q.471 Q.472 Q.473 Q.474 Q.475 Q.476 Q.477 Q.478 Q.479 Q.48O Q.481 Q.482 Q.483 Q.484 Q.485

O Cl HClO4

HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO3 < HBrO3 < HIO3 Cl + H O
2 2

H+ + Cl + HOCl

+1 to +7 Acidic Cl, Br, I Cl2O least and Cl2O7 most acidic. ClO2 Ca+2, Cl, OCl CaOCl + H O 2 2 Ca(OH)2 , Cl2 It reacts with H2O and convert into Ca(OH)2 and Cl2 by auto oxidation. Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 Cl2 The amount of Cl obtained from a sample of bleaching powder by treatment with excess of dilute 2 acids or CO .
2

Ca(OH)2 + Cl2

Autooxidation

Ca(OCl) Cl + H2O

Q.486 Q.487 Q.488 Q.489 Q.49O Q.491

It produce nascent O by treatment with H2 SO 4 . Autooxidation Mixed salt. 35 to 38% Yes Halogen means salt forming.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.492 Q.493 Q.494 Q.495 Q.496 Q.497 Q.498 Q.499 Q.5OO Q.5O1 Q.5O2 Q.5O3 Q.5O4 Q.5O5 Q.5O6 Q.5O7 Q.5O8 Q.5O9 At 16th group elements Alkali metals and halogens

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Due to higher EN and their reactivity. I and IO 3 X Cl2 Electrolysis of mixture of molten KF and HF Diaphragm is used to separate the two gases H and F otherwise these gases reacts explosively. 2 2 By passing Cl gas into bromide salt solution 2 6H+ + IO 3 + I 6H+ + IO 3 + I I2 + 3H 2 O I2 + 3H 2 O

When H2 SO4 is added to NaCl with MnO 2 , Cl2 is evolved. K2 MnF 6 + SbF5 True When halogen has 1 oxidation state. He, Ne, Ar (a) Mg + Br 2 (I) (b) P4 + Cl2 (g) (c) S8 + F2 (g) (d) Xe(g) + F2(g) MgBr2 PCl5 SF6 XeF 6 K2 SbF7 + MnF3 + F2

Q.51O Q.511 Q.512

Covalent nature UF6 (i) CaF2 + H2SO4 con. (ii) NaCl + H SO conc. 2 4 (iii) H + Br2 2
Pt (as bijects)

CaSO4 + HF Na 2SO 4 + HCl HBr

(iv) 2I (s) + N H 2 2 4 (v) I + H S 2 2 Q.513 Q.514 Q.515 Q.516 PCl + D O 5 2

5731 K

N2 + HI

HI + S POCl 3 + 2DCl

Hypochlorite ion Cl + H O + HgO 2 2 NaOCl


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HOCl + HCl, HCl is absorbed by HgO

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.517 Q.518 Q.519 Q.52O Q.521 Q.522 Q.523 Q.524 Q.525 Q.526 Q.527 Q.528 Q.529 Q.53O Q.531 Q.532 Q.533 Q.534 Q.535 Q.536 Q.537 Q.538 Q.539 fats. Q.54O Q.541 Q.542 Q.543 Q.544 Q.545 Anode Ca(OH)2 Cl gas, Cathode
2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

H and OH obtain. 2

Cl2

Ca(OCl)2. CaCl2.Ca(OH)2.2H2O 2NaClO2 + O2 + 2H2O

2Cl2O + 2NaOH + H2O2 Ba(ClO3) 2 + H 2SO4 Ba(ClO3 )2 + Cl2 THCl. Used in rockets as fuels. NaClO + NH Cl 4 4

BaSO4 + 2HClO 3

Ba(ClO3)2

NH 4ClO4 + NaCl

x-x bond is stronger due to effective overlaping. Absence of unpaired electrons. Lower electronegativity difference. These are self ionizes Cl does not show +ve o.s. due to higher I.P. Fluorine I True True True True 11 IF7 ICl is used as Wijs reagent in the estimated of the iodine number of fats and oils Iodine no. is a measure of the number of double bonds i.e. the degree of unsaturation of the IF < IF < BrF < IF < BrF < ClF < IF < BrF < ClF 3 5 5 3 ICl3 is unstable. I+ ICl, IBr, ICN, I+3 ICl 3, I(ClO4 )3 .IPO . 4
2 3

HOI (Hypo iodous acid) HCl. HF, HBrO bromic acid. 3 (i) [I ]+ [AlCl ] 3 4 (ii) Cs+ [IF 8]

Q.546 Q.547 Q.548

ns2 np6 Ne = 0, Ar = 0, Kr = 10, Xe = 10 Gain or loss of electrons requires high energies.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.549 Q.55O Q.551 Q.552

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Due to weak dispersion interactions between atoms. He He Rn

Q.553 1% Q.554 Q.555 Q.556 Q.557 Q.558 Q.559 Q.56O Q.561 Q.562 Q.563 Q.564 Q.565 Q.566 Q.567 Q.568 Q.569 Q.57O Q.571 Q.572 Q.573 Q.574 Q.575 Ar Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe Natural gas He
88

Ra226

86

Rn222 + 2He4

1962 Ionization enthalpies of O & Xe are close to each other. 2 [XeF]+ [Pt2F 11] Electronegative Xe, O2 Xenon, krypton Radon Ar, Ne, He KrF2 6XeF4 + 12H2O XeF 2, XeF 4 , XeF6 XeO 3 + 6HF XeOF & XeO F 4 2 2 XeO3 XeOF4 XeO3 = Trigonal pyramidal, XeOF = Square pyramidal. 4 XeO + OH
3

4Xe + 2XeO3 + 24HF + 3O2

HXeO4

hydrogen xenate ion Q.576 Q.577 Q.578 Q.579 Q.58O Q.581 Perxenate ion XeO 6 4 +8 Yellow Oxidising (a) XeF 4, (b) XeF 2 , (c) XeO3 He non flammable & light gas

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.582 Q.583 Q.584 Q.585 Q.586 Q.587 Q.588 Q.589 Q.59O Q.591 Q.592 Q.593 Q.594 Q.595 Q.596 Q.597 Q.598 Q.599 Q.6OO Neon He XeF2, XeF4, XeF6 XeF4 6 XeF 6 F Pyramidal Tetrameric & hexameric Square pyramidal [XeF3] + [SbF ] 6 4.2 K Helium Rn True (b)

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Li is better reducing agent. Because the big size of Na+ releases smaller heat of hydration. Na can reacts with air and water. Li is lighter than kerosense so it float over kerosene surface there if reacts with atmosphereic oxygen.

Q.6O1 Q.6O2 Q.6O3 Q.6O4 Q.6O5 Q.6O6 Q.6O7

The O of atmosphere tarnishes metallic surface by reacting with metal. 2 (a, b) (a) (c) (a) Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li The hydration energy of Li is greater therefore a large amount of heat is evolved. Heat of hydration (Thermodynamic factor) is highest for Li but kinetic order of reactivity is Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li.

Q.6O8 Q.6O9 Q.61O Q.611 Q.612 Q.613


E D U C A T I O N S

Yes Solution become alkaline 2M + O2 M2O

H 2O, Na 2O 2, KO2 , RbO 2 , CsO 2 (b) Li


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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.614 Q.615 Q.616 Q.617 Q.618 Q.619 Q.62O Q.621 Q.622

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Elements which have (noble gas) ns1, ns2 configuration. Hydroxides and oxides of these metals are highly alkaline in nature. Na Alkali metals are highly reactive. Na 2SO 4 .10H2O, Na 2SO 4, NaNO3 d-block element s-block element Alkali metals forms metallic bond by valency e s. This is due to lesser no. of electrons used by the elements to form electronic sea of metallic bond.

Q.623 Q.624 Q.625 Q.626 Q.627 Q.628 Q.629 Q.63O

This is due to covalent bond developed by the d-block elements in its metallic bond. Cs BCC Very low I.E. Alkali metal ion in aqueous state in alkali metal salts are colourless due all es is paired state. Alkaly metals have inert gas configuration in ionic form. By flame test. Li Crimson red Na Yellow gold K Green (pale) Rb Blue Cs Blue

Q.631

Because photons or light energy of invisible part of bunsen flame is absorb by e s of alkali metal and get excited into higher energy shell. When electrons transite back it radiates light of visible region.

Q.632

Because energy gap of electron shells are different in different elements. Thus energy needed to transition and consecutive radiations are also different.

Q.633 Q.634 Q.635 Q.636 Q.637 Q.638 Q.639 Q.64O

To prepare volutile chlorides. Cu wire themselves in blue colour. Highly reliable Smaller ions forms oxide medium size ions form peroxide and larger ion forms superoxide. Antifluorite structure Depends upon the reactivity of metal toward oxygen. (a) It would have turned blue.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.641 Na 2O2 + H2 O Na 2O + H2 O KO 2 + H 2O Q.642 Q.643 O2 (a) Na O diamagnetic 2 2 (c) O paramagnetic 2 Q.644 Q.645 Q.646 Q.647 Q.648 Q.649 Q.65O Na2O2 + HCl(dil.) Li2O < Na 2 O < K O < Rb2 O < Cs O 2 2 They easily liberates oxygen. 2NaOH + H 2O2 2NaOH 2KOH + H2O 2 + O2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

(b) KO2 paramagnetic (d) Na 2O paramagnetic

Na2CO3.10H2O, Na2CO3.7H2O, Na2CO3.H2O, Na2O s-block element. (d) Na O and Na vapour are formed. 2 2 s-block elements have calculate with high thermal stability due to less polarizing power of cations.

Q.651 Q.652 Q.653

Na CO > NaHCO > H CO 2 3 3 2 3 Cs2CO3 > ........... > Li2CO3 (a) Li+ < Na+ < Rb+ < Cs+ (c) Li+ > Na+ > Rb+ > Cs+ (e) Li+ < Na+ < Rb+ < Cs + (b) Li+ > Na+ > Rb+ > Cs+ (d) Li+ > Na+I > Rb + > Cs+

Q.654 Q.655 Q.656

4 Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li When lithium is reacted with pure hydrogen lithium hydride is formed. Small size of lithium ion better balances hydride ion.

Q.657

Lithium charge to size ratio is very high as compared other alkali metal ion therefore this leads to covalent property in lithium compounds.

Q.658 Q.659 Q.66O

NH 4+, substituted ammonium ions, Ti+, Ag +, spherical + 1 complex (n5 C5 H5 )2 Co+ Mg+2 Na 3N does not exist at room temperature N3 has high ve charge & prefers covalent bonding which can only be developed by lithium ions among alkali metal ion. Due to small size of lithium ions the energy released by reaction of Li+ with water is greater than the energy needed to wides the crystal lattice.

Q.661

Q.662 Q.663 Q.664 Q.665 Q.666


E D U C A T I O N S

HClO 4.3H2 O (c) Li CO is stable due to higher polarizing power of lithium. 2 3 Hydration energy is greater then lattice energy. Due to anion hydrolysis.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.667 Q.668 Q.669

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

LiHCO3, NaHCO3, KHCO3, RbHCO3, NH4HCO3 Na 2CO3 is stable. Na2O2 + H2O Na2O + H2O 2NaOH + H2O2 2NaOH

Q.67O Q.671

Li2CO3 decomposed into LiO and CO2 but Na 2 CO3 does not decomposed. Because all bicarbonates passes H+ as an essential cation which polarises CO 3 poses into CO 2 . All bicarbonates all soluble in water. Na CO is more basic in aqueous state. 2 3 Decomposed into 2Na 2CO3 + 2H2 O It forms a blue coloured solution of ammonated electrons and ammonated alkali metal ions. Blue colour turns to colour of metallic Cu. Due to ammonated es. Because blue colour is exihibited by ammonated electrons, and electrons obtained from all alkali metals are same.
2

ions and decom-

Q.672 Q.673 Q.674 Q.675 Q.676 Q.677 Q.678

Q.679 Q.68O Q.681 Q.682 Q.683 Q.684 Q.685 Q.686 Q.687 Q.688 Q.689 Q.69O Q.691 Q.692 Q.693 Q.694 Q.695

(c) Strong reducing agent. (All) Paramagnetic By addition T.M. ion Na + NH (I)
3

Fe3

NaNH + H 2 2

Residual deposition of alkali metal. (b) Due to pairing of electrons. (a, b, c, d) Fr


223

Fr

21 min. One Monovalent Paramagnetic Sodium peroxide Low solubility of LiF is due to its high lattice energy. Low solubility of CsI is due to smaller hydration energy.

Q.696

Due to their high electropositivity.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.697 Q.698 Li Na < K < Rb < Li < Cs < Rb < K < Na Li < Na < K < Rb

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Cs Q.699 < K Q.7OO

< Cs Q.7O1 Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs Q.7O2 Cs < Rb < K < Na < Li Q.7O3 < Li Q.7O4 < Cs Q.7O5 Cs Q.7O6 Q.7O7 Q.7O8 Q.7O9 Q.71O Q.711 Q.712 Q.713 Li > Na > K > Rb > Li CO < Na CO < K CO < Rb CO < Cs CO 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 CsHCO3 < RbHCO3 , KHCO < NaHCO3 < LiHCO3 3 MF < MCl < MBr < MI KI > KBr < KCl Li > K > Na Li2O, Na 2 O < K2 O, Rb2 O < Cs2 O Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs BLi < Na < K < Rb < BLi < Na < K < Rb Cs < Rb < K < Na Li < Na < K < Rb

Cs Q.714 < Cs Q.715 Q.716 Q.717 Q.718 Q.719 Q.72O Q.721 Q.722

MgSO4.7H2O Due to the formation of a surface film of the oxide. H2 MgO, Mg 3N 2 Grignard Reagent Reducing agent. Mg Reaction is reversible & proceeds efficiently when CO is escaped which is only above 1100 K. 2 CaCO 3

C CaO

+ O2

Q.723 Q.724 Q.725 Q.726

Quick time Disintegration of lump of lime in limited amt. of water. Sodalime. (a) CaO + SiO
4 2

CaSiO 3 Ca(PO 4) 2

(b) CaO + P O Q.727 Q.728

10

Ca(OH)2 when water is added to slaked lime. Aq. solution of Ca(OH) 2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.729 Q.73O Q.731 Q.732 Q.733 Q.734 Q.735 Q.736 Q.737 Milk of lime. It turns milky. Ca(HCO3)2 Ca(ClO)2 CaSO4.2H2 O

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

When gypsum CaSO4 .2H2O is heated to 393 K. Due to increased nuclear charge & smaller size. Covalent (i) Mg(OH) < Ca(OH) < Sr(OH) 2 2 < Ba(OH)
2 2

(ii) Mg(OH)2 < Ca(OH)2 < Sr(OH)2 < Ba(OH)2 (iii) Mg(OH) < Ca(OH) < Sr(OH) 2 2 Q.738 Q.739 Q.74O Q.741 Q.742 Q.743 Beryllate ion. Four MgBr2 & MgI2 Ca CaF 2 (i) BeCO3 < MgCO3 < CaCO3 < SrCO3 < BaCO3 (increasing thermal stability) (ii) CaSO4 > SrSO4 > BaSO4 (Increasing solubility) (iii) Ca(C O ) > Sr(C O ) > Ba(C O ) (increasing solubility) 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 Q.744 Q.745 Q.746 Q.747 Q.748 Q.749 Q.75O Q.751 Q.752 Q.753 Q.754 Q.755 Q.756 Q.757 Ba 2Ca(NO )
3 2 2 2CaO + 4NO 2 + O

< Ba(OH)
2 2

Strontium nitrate. Greater hydration energies of Be2+ & Mg2+ ions overcome the lattice energy factor. Be have no vacant d-orbital while other have it. MgSO4.2H2 O, MgSO4 .7H 2O By treating with H2SO4 By fractional crystallization MgSO4.7H2 O [Mg(H2O) 6]SO4.H 2O Potash magnesis is a Fertilizer & Its chemical composition K2SO4.MgSO4.6H2O. Purgative in medicine. Ca 2SiO 4, Ca 3 SiO 5 , Ca 3 Al O 2 6 When it is mixed with water & send the powder herdered into a block that resembled the natural limestone quairried in the Isle of portland.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.758 Q.759 Q.76O Q.761 Q.762 Q.763 Q.764 J. Aspdin in 1824.

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

It is the hydration of the molecules of the constituents and their rearrangement. Be 2 7th Alkaline earth metals due to increased nuclear charge. After first ionization alkali metals aquired inert gas configuration therefore their second I.P. is very higher.

Q.765 Q.766 Q.767 Q.768 Q.769 Q.77O Q.771 Q.772 Q.773 Q.774 Q.775 Q.776 Q.777 Q.778 Q.779 Q.78O

Be, Mg : electron are too strongly bound to get excited by flame. Ba K3[Cu(CN)4] All I > Br > Cl > F +3 Cast iron 3d10 4s0 configuration Zero Mixture of Cu + Sn + Zn Cu+2 and pb+2 H 2S MnO2 Transition of electrons between d-orbitals of a metal. Ag+ polarises Br and I Small and highly charged ions and have vacant orbitals to accept lone pair of electrons from ligand.

Q.781 Q.782 Q.783 Q.784

A deep blue voilet coloured compound CrO(O ) is formed. 2 2 Mn Cr(OH)2 < Cr(OH)3 < CrO2(OH)2 acid strength increases with increase in oxidation number. Cr(OH)3 + 3HCl base Cr(OH)3 + NaOH acid Na[Cr(OH)4] CrCl 3 + 3H 2 O

Q.785 Q.786

Because of formation of oxide layer. [Fe(CN) 6]3 has one unpaired electron (d2sp3 hybridised Fe3+) while [Fe(H2 O) 6 ]3+ has five unpaired electrons (sp3d2 hybridised Fe3+)
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.787 Q.788 Q.789 Q.79O Q.791 (a) 36 I(b), II(a), III(c) [Co(H2O)4Cl2]Cl.H2O (b) 33

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY
(d) 36

(c) 36

[Ni(H2O)4] 2+ > [Fe(CN) ]2 > [Fe(CN)6]4 = [Ni(H2O)4]2+ 6 N(N 2) = 35 N = 5 (unpaired electrons) x = 3(Fe3+)

Fe3+ = [Ar] 3d5 Q.792 The s- and p-block elements do not have a partially filled d-shell so there cannot be any dd* transition. The energy to promote as s- or p-electron to a higher energy level is much greater and corresponds to ultraviolet light being absorbed. Thus compound will not be coloured. Q.793 Hg2+ has all filled 5d orbitals (no unpaired electron is 5d), hence no d-d* transition, hence colourless. Q.794 Sc(21) : [Ar] 3d! 4s2 Sc3+ : [Ar] 3d0 no unpaired electron in d-orbital, hence no (d-d*) transition hence colourless. Ti(22) : [Ar] 3d2 4s2 Ti3+ : [Ar] 3d1 coloured. Q.795 due to unpaired electron in d-orbital (d-d*) transition possible hence

There is a steady decrease in the radii as the atomic number of the lanthanide element increases. It is because, for every additional proton in a nucleus, the corresponding electron goes into 4f shell which is too diffused to screen the nucleus as effectively as more localised inner shell. Hence the attraction of the nucleus for the outermost electrons increases steadily with the atomic number of the lanthanides. This contraction in size is quite regular. This is called Lanthanide Contraction.

Q.796 Q.797 Q.798 Q.799 Q.8OO Q.8O1 Q.8O2 Q.8O3 Q.8O4 Q.8O5 Q.8O6

Lattice energies, solvation energies and ionisation energies would be similar. cis-2-butene Natta Zeolite 5VO2+ + MnO 4 + H2 O CrO3 VI VI (O = 2 diperoxo = 4) VI V Cr 2O 72 < Cr3+ < Cr2+ Smaller the oxidation state of the element in the ion, greater the reducing nature. 5VO 2 + + Mn2+ + 2H+

Q.8O7

2MnO + 5H O + 6H+ 4 2 2 2MnO


4

2Mn2+ + 5O2 + 8H 2 O

+ 3H O
2

2MnO2 + 3O2 + 2OH + 2H2 O

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.8O8

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Aqueous CO releases H+ which can convert MnO 2 into MnO and MnO in a disproportionation 2 4 2 4 reaction. CO 2 + H2 O

C H+ +

HCO 3 MnO2 + 2MnO4 + H2O Na 3[Ag(S2 O3 )2 ] + NaBr

3MnO4 2 + 4H+ Q.8O9 Q.81O Q.811 AgBr + 2Na2S 2O3

In both cases Fe2+ ions are formed due to reduction. Hence solution appears light green. Fe2+ gives green ppt with NaOH and Fe 3+ gives red brown ppt.

Q.812

2K2HgI4 + NH3 + 3NaOH

Hg Hg

NH 2

I + 4KI + 3NaI + 2H2O

(Iodide of M illo ns ba s e) b row n p pt

Q.813 Q.814 Q.815 Q.816 Q.817 Q.818 Q.819 Q.82O Q.821 Q.822 Q.823 Q.824 Q.825 Q.826 Q.827 Q.828 Q.829 Q.83O Q.831 Q.832 Q.833 Q.834 Q.835

70% Cu + 30% Zn 75% Cu + 25% Ni 60% Ni + 20Fe + 20% Fe NO 3, HCO 3 , CH3 COO NO 3 Na 2CO3 CO 32 CO S2
2

SO and CO 2 2 3

CO2

CaCO3 Ca(OH)2 Ca(HCO3)2 SO2 Green. Cr+3 Basic. Dichromate or chromate. Oxidising agents Cl 2, Br 2 , KIO3 , Cu4+, K Cr O , KMnO . 2 2 7 4 Reducing agents. ppt dissolves through formation of CO2 CO3 and SO3 In presence of I and Br Pb, Ag, Sb, Sn
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.836 Q.837 Q.838 Q.839 Q.84O Q.841 Q.842 Q.843 Q.844 Q.845 Q.846 Q.847 Q.848 Q.849 Q.85O Q.851 Q.852 Q.853
, NO , chlorates. NO3 2

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Cl2 is evolved as Cr2 O7 2 are oxidising agent and oxidises Cl into Cl 2 HCl Cr 2F 2, violet HCl Cl2 Cl2 CrO42 (yellow colored ion) is formed. White ppt of AgCl NH solution, SO 2 solution, cyanide solution, hypo solution, amine solution. 3 3 AgI Fazans theory. AgCl Cl Soluble in hot water. H 3PO 4 CCl 4, CS2 Br I Br (Red) I (violet / purple) 2

Q.854 Q.855 Q.856 Q.857 Q.858 Q.859 Q.86O Q.861 Q.862 Q.863 Q.864 Q.865 Q.866 Q.867 Q.868

Cl2 water, HOCl, NaOCl, conc. HNO3 Redox reaction take place and Br2 is liberated. H 2SO 4, HNO3 , MnO 2 , PbO2 , Cl water, KMnO2 , NaOCl, HOCl 2 Cl2 and F2 SO2 and I2 vapour is released. HCl, HBr and HI H2S All can be oxidised. Formation of white ppt of Cu2I2 I is formed K2 HgI 4 HgI 2 I It forms free iodine, which is detected by starch. NO K2HgI4

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.869 Q.87O Q.871 Q.872 Q.873 Q.874 Q.875 Q.876 Q.877 Q.878 Q.879 Q.88O Q.881 Q.882 Q.883 Q.884 Q.885 Q.886 Q.887 Q.888 Q.889 Q.89O Q.891 Q.892 Q.893 Q.894 Q.895 Q.896 Q.897 Q.898 Q.899 Q.9OO NO +1 Al, Zn NO 2, NO 3 NO2 HNO2 i.e. formed releasing NO. Pale, Blue NO2 Ba3(PO4)2 Sulphide PbSO4 , BaSO , Ag2 SO4 , HgSO .HgO 4 4 HgSO4.HgO (NH 4)2MO4 (NH 4)6Mg7 O24 .4H2 O (NH 4)3 [P(MO 3O 10)4] Canery yellow

CHEMISTRY

P. JOY

Yellow ppt of ferric phosphate is formed. White gelatinous ppt of zirconyl phosphate is formed. Phosphate and arsenate CO, CO2, H2O vapours Blue Redox takes place. Orange CH 3COO Smell of vinegar is evolved. Silver acetate CH 3COO FeCl3 {Fe 3(OH)2(CH 3 COO)6}+ Fe(OH)2 (CH 3COOH) Formate (C 2O 42) Green

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