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SOAL

10

10

30

30

17t

100v 3

E = 2100 t/cm
A =
35 cm
(Untuk setiap elemen)
Hitung gaya-gaya yang bekerja pada struktur rangka batang tersebut.

MATRIK KEKAKUAN ELEMEN


Elemen 1 (dipilih nodal i=1 dan j=2)

kl

(1)

(1)

kg(1)

EA/100

(1)

1
0
-1
1

0
0
0
0

-1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

3/2
-1/2
0
0

1/2
3/2
0
0

0
0
3/2
-1/2

0
0
1/2
3/2

(1)

(1)

1
0
-1
1

0
0
0
0

-1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

3/2
1/2
0
0

-1/2
3/2
0
0

0
0
3/2
1/2

0
0
-1/2
3/2

kl

EA/400

3
3
-3
-3

3
1
-3
-1

-3
-3
3
3

-3
-1
3
1

3
-3
-3
3

-3
1
3
-1

-3
3
3
-3

3
-1
-3
1

1
0
-1
1

0
0
0
0

-1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

Elemen 2 (dipilih nodal i=2 dan j=3)

kl

(2)

T(2)

kg(3)

EA/100

(2)

(2)

(2)

1
0
-1
1

0
0
0
0

-1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0

0
0
0
1

(3)

(3)

kl

EA/400

Elemen 3 (dipilih nodal i=1 dan j=3)

kl

(3)

T(3)

kg(3)

EA/1003

(3)

kl

EA/1003

MATRIK KEKAKUAN GLOBAL


F1

3+(4/3)

-3

-3

4/3

U1

G1

-3

-1

V1

-3

3+3

3-3

-3

U2

-3

-1

3-3

1+1

-1

V2

F3

4/3

-3

3+(4/3)

-3

U3

G3

-1

-3

V3

F1

3+(4/3)

-3

-3

4/3

G1

-3

-1

-3

3+3

3-3

-3

U2

-3

-1

3-3

1+1

-1

V2

4/3

-3

3+(4/3)

-3

U3

G3

-1

-3

17

-3

-3

-3

U2

-3

-1

-1

V2

-3

3+(4/3)

-4/3

-3

U3

-3

-3

-4/3

3+(4/3)

G1

-3

-1

G3

-1

-3

F2
G2

17
0

EA/400

EA/400

REARRANGEMENT

0
F1

EA/400

UNKNOWN DISPLACEMENTS AND REACTIONS


6

-3

U2

V2

-3

3+(4/3)

U3

U2

-3

17

-3

3+(4/3)

3+(8/3)

-33

17

-33

9+(24/3)

-63

-63

12

-3

-3

-4/3

0.0254

-3

-1

-0.0173

-1

-3

0.0200

17
0

V2

EA/400

400/EA

U3

400/EA

3/48

0.0254
=

-0.0173
0.0200

F1
G1

EA/400

G3
-17.0000
=

-4.9075
4.9075

MEMBER FORCES
Elemen 1 (nodal i=1 dan j=2)
f1
g1
f2

T(1)

kg(1)

U(1)

3/2
-1/2
0
0

1/2
3/2
0
0

0
0
3/2
-1/2

-9.8150
0.0000
9.8150
0.0000

g2
0
0
1/2
3/2

EA/400

3
3
-3
-3

3
1
-3
-1

-3
-3
3
3

-3
-1
3
1

0.0000
0.0000
0.0254
-0.0173

EA/400

3
-3
-3
3

-3
1
3
-1

-3
3
3
-3

3
-1
-3
1

0.0254
-0.0173
0.0200
0.0000

EA/1003

1
0
-1
1

0
0
0
0

-1
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

0.0000
0.0000
0.0200
0.0000

Elemen 2 (nodal i=2 dan j=3)


f2
g2
f3

T(2)

kg(2)

U(2)

3/2
1/2
0
0

-1/2
3/2
0
0

0
0
3/2
1/2

9.8150
0.0000
-9.8150
0.0000

g3
0
0
-1/2
3/2

Elemen 3 (nodal i=1 dan j=3)


f1
g1
f3

T(3)

kg(3)

U(3)

1
0
0
0

0
1
0
0

0
0
1
0

-8.5000
0.0000
8.5000
0.0000

g3
0
0
0
1

17t

9,8

15

30

30

1
9,8

8,500

Elemen 1 -> tarik; elemen 2 -> desak; dan elemen 3 -> tarik

4,9075

4,9075

17t